Summary: Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Gleadow R, Møller B. Cyanogenic glycosides: synthesis, physiology, and phenotypic plasticity. Annu Rev Plant Biol. 2014;65:155-85 pubmed publisher
    Cyanogenic glycosides (CNglcs) are bioactive plant products derived from amino acids. Structurally, these specialized plant compounds are characterized as ?-hydroxynitriles (cyanohydrins) that are stabilized by glucosylation...
  2. Silchenko A, Kalinovsky A, Avilov S, Andryjaschenko P, Dmitrenok P, Yurchenko E, et al. Structure and biological action of cladolosides B1, B2, C, C1, C2 and D, six new triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Cladolabes schmeltzii. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8:1527-34 pubmed
    Six new nonsulfated triterpene glycosides, cladolosides B1 (1), B2 (2), C (3), C1 (4), C2 (5) and D (6) and known holotoxin A1 (7) have been isolated from the tropical Indo-West Pacific sea cucumber Cladolabes schmeltzii (Cladolabinae, ..
  3. Shen Y, Feng Z, Jiang J, Yang Y, Zhang P. Dibenzoyl and isoflavonoid glycosides from Sophora flavescens: inhibition of the cytotoxic effect of D-galactosamine on human hepatocyte HL-7702. J Nat Prod. 2013;76:2337-45 pubmed publisher
    Twelve new dibenzoyl derivatives sophodibenzoside A-L (1-12) and five new isoflavone glycosides (13-17) have been isolated from the roots of Sophora flavescens together with eight known compounds (18-25)...
  4. Prakash I, Chaturvedula V. Additional minor diterpene glycosides from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. Molecules. 2013;18:13510-9 pubmed publisher
    Two additional novel minor diterpene glycosides were isolated from the commercial extract of the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni...
  5. Silchenko A, Kalinovsky A, Avilov S, Andryjaschenko P, Dmitrenok P, Martyyas E, et al. Triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix. Structure and biological action of cucumariosides I1, I3, I4, three new minor disulfated pentaosides. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8:1053-8 pubmed
    Three new minor triterpene glycosides, cucumariosides I1 (1), I3 (2) and I4 (3) have been isolated from the Far Eastern sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix. Structures of the glycosides were elucidated by 2D NMR spectroscopy and MS...
  6. Chaturvedula V, Prakash I. Hydrogenation of the exocyclic olefinic bond at C-16/C-17 position of ent-kaurane diterpene glycosides of Stevia rebaudiana using various catalysts. Int J Mol Sci. 2013;14:15669-80 pubmed publisher
    ..hydrogenation of the exocyclic double bond present between C16 and C17 carbons of the four ent-kaurane diterpene glycosides namely rebaudioside A, rebaudioside B, rebaudioside C, and rebaudioside D isolated from Stevia rebaudiana has ..
  7. Liu Y, He W, Mo L, Shi M, Zhu Y, Pan S, et al. Antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory activities and toxicology of phenylethanoid glycosides from Monochasma savatieri Franch. ex Maxim. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;149:431-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Monochasma savatieri Franch. ex Maxim is used for treating many diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine...
  8. Lee C, Hwang T, He W, Tsai Y, Yen C, Yen H, et al. Anti-neutrophilic inflammatory steroidal glycosides from Solanum torvum. Phytochemistry. 2013;95:315-21 pubmed publisher
    Torvpregnanosides A and B, two pregnane glycosides, and torvoside Q, a 23-keto-spirostanol glycoside, along with twelve known steroidal saponins were isolated from aerial parts of Solanum torvum...
  9. Nam Y, Lee D. Ameliorating effect of zhizi (Fructus gardeniae) extract and its glycosides on scopolamine-induced memory impairment. J Tradit Chin Med. 2013;33:223-7 pubmed
    ..Activity-guided fractionation of the total extracts resulted in the isolation of two glycosides, geniposide and crocin from the n-butanol fraction and genipin and crocetin from the ethylacetate fraction...

More Information


  1. Boeckler G, Gershenzon J, Unsicker S. Phenolic glycosides of the Salicaceae and their role as anti-herbivore defenses. Phytochemistry. 2011;72:1497-509 pubmed publisher
    ..especially a series of glycosylated and esterified derivatives of salicyl alcohol known as "phenolic glycosides"...
  2. Shakya N, Sane S, Gupta S. Antileishmanial efficacy of fluconazole and miltefosine in combination with an immunomodulator--picroliv. Parasitol Res. 2011;108:793-800 pubmed publisher
    ..Upregulation of cell-mediated immunity was also observed in animals of this group which strengthens the immunomodulatory role of picroliv. These findings suggest a new option for antileishmanial chemotherapy at lower cost and toxicity. ..
  3. Wang N, Yang X. Two new flavonoid glycosides from the whole herbs of Hyssopus officinalis. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2010;12:1044-50 pubmed publisher
    Two new flavonoid glycosides, quercetin 7-O-?-D-apiofuranosyl-(1 ? 2)-?-D-xylopyranoside (1) and quercetin 7-O-?-D-apiofuranosyl-(1 ? 2)-?-D-xylopyranoside 3'-O-?-D-glucopyranoside (2), together with nine known flavonoids were isolated ..
  4. Ahmad N, Ramsch R, Esquena J, Solans C, Tajuddin H, Hashim R. Physicochemical characterization of natural-like branched-chain glycosides toward formation of hexosomes and vesicles. Langmuir. 2012;28:2395-403 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the branched-chain glycolipids 2-HDG and 2-HDM not only provided alternative nonionic surfactants with rich phase behavior and versatile nanostructures, but also could be used as new drug carrier systems in the future. ..
  5. Van Hoyweghen L, Karalic I, Van Calenbergh S, Deforce D, Heyerick A. Antioxidant flavone glycosides from the leaves of Fargesia robusta. J Nat Prod. 2010;73:1573-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Compounds 1, 4, and 5 exhibited potent antioxidant activity in the TEAC assay, while compounds 1, 3, and 5 showed the highest antioxidant capacity in the ORAC assay...
  6. Stracke R, Jahns O, Keck M, Tohge T, Niehaus K, Fernie A, et al. Analysis of PRODUCTION OF FLAVONOL GLYCOSIDES-dependent flavonol glycoside accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana plants reveals MYB11-, MYB12- and MYB111-independent flavonol glycoside accumulation. New Phytol. 2010;188:985-1000 pubmed publisher
    ..We present evidence that a separate flavonol control mechanism might be at play in pollen. ..
  7. Manase M, Mitaine Offer A, Pertuit D, Miyamoto T, Tanaka C, Delemasure S, et al. Solanum incanum and S. heteracanthum as sources of biologically active steroid glycosides: confirmation of their synonymy. Fitoterapia. 2012;83:1115-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The compounds 1, 3, 4 and 5 were evaluated for cytotoxicity against five cancer cell lines and for antioxidant and cytoprotective activity. ..
  8. Yu L, Yang J, Chen X, Shi J, Zhang D. Cytotoxic triterpenoid glycosides from the roots of Gordonia chrysandra. J Nat Prod. 2009;72:866-70 pubmed publisher
    Eight new oleanane triterpenoid glycosides, gordonosides A-H (1-8), were isolated from a 50% EtOH extract of the roots of Gordonia chrysandra...
  9. Anand S, Muthusamy V, Sujatha S, Sangeetha K, Bharathi Raja R, Sudhagar S, et al. Aloe emodin glycosides stimulates glucose transport and glycogen storage through PI3K dependent mechanism in L6 myotubes and inhibits adipocyte differentiation in 3T3L1 adipocytes. FEBS Lett. 2010;584:3170-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, AEG enhances glucose transport by modulating the proximal and distal markers involved in glucose uptake and its transformation into glycogen. ..
  10. Nenaah G. Antimicrobial activity of Calotropis procera Ait. (Asclepiadaceae) and isolation of four flavonoid glycosides as the active constituents. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;29:1255-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Cf3) of MeOH extract which showed the highest antimicrobial activity led to the isolation of four flavonoid glycosides as the bioactive constituents...
  11. Shafii B, Vismeh R, Beaudry R, Warner R, Jones A. Large-scale profiling of diterpenoid glycosides from Stevia rebaudiana using ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2012;403:2683-90 pubmed publisher
    ..liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for separation and quantification of seven stevia glycosides including steviolbioside; stevioside; rebaudiosides A, B, and C; rubusoside; and dulcoside as well as aglycones ..
  12. Prakash I, Campbell M, San Miguel R, Chaturvedula V. Synthesis and sensory evaluation of ent-kaurane diterpene glycosides. Molecules. 2012;17:8908-16 pubmed publisher
    Catalytic hydrogenation of the three ent-kaurane diterpene glycosides isolated from Stevia rebaudiana, namely rubusoside, stevioside, and rebaudioside-A has been carried out using Pd(OH)? and their corresponding dihydro derivatives have ..
  13. Spanou C, Veskoukis A, Kerasioti T, Kontou M, Angelis A, Aligiannis N, et al. Flavonoid glycosides isolated from unique legume plant extracts as novel inhibitors of xanthine oxidase. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e32214 pubmed publisher
    ..Their mode of action is under investigation in order to examine their potential in drug design for diseases related to overwhelming XO action...
  14. Simirgiotis M, Schmeda Hirschmann G, Borquez J, Kennelly E. The Passiflora tripartita (Banana Passion) fruit: a source of bioactive flavonoid C-glycosides isolated by HSCCC and characterized by HPLC–DAD–ESI/MS/MS. Molecules. 2013;18:1672-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The fast fingerprint analysis allowed the detection of eighteen flavonoid C-glycosides and four flavonoid O-glycoside derivatives which were characterized by UV spectra and ESI-MS-MS analysis...
  15. Yoon M, Choi N, Min B, Choi G, Choi Y, Jang K, et al. Potent in vivo antifungal activity against powdery mildews of pregnane glycosides from the roots of Cynanchum wilfordii. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:12210-6 pubmed publisher
    Two new pregnane glycosides, kidjoranine 3-O-?-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 ? 4)-?-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 ? 4)-?-L-cymaropyranosyl-(1 ? 4)-?-D-cymaropyranosyl-(1?4)-?-L-diginopyranosyl-(1 ? 4)-?-D-cymaropyranoside (5) and caudatin 3-O-?-D-..
  16. Chaturvedula V, Prakash I. Additional minor diterpene glycosides from Stevia rebaudiana. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6:1059-62 pubmed
    From the commercial extract of the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana, two additional new diterpenoid glycosides were isolated and their structures were characterized as 13-[(2-O-beta-glucopyranosyl-3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)..
  17. Zhang D, Liu R, Sun L, Huang C, Wang C, Zhang D, et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of methyl salicylate glycosides isolated from Gaultheria yunnanensis (Franch.) Rehder. Molecules. 2011;16:3875-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Two methyl salicylate glycosides, namely methyl benzoate-2-O-?-D-xylopyranosyl(1-6)-O-?-D-gluco-pyranoside (J12122) and methyl benzoate-2-O-?-D-..
  18. Chaturvedula V, Prakash I. Structures of the novel diterpene glycosides from Stevia rebaudiana. Carbohydr Res. 2011;346:1057-60 pubmed publisher
    From the commercial extract of the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana, two new diterpenoid glycosides were isolated besides the known steviol glycosides including stevioside, rebaudiosides A-F, rubusoside, and dulcoside A...
  19. Förster N, Ulrichs C, Zander M, Kätzel R, Mewis I. Factors influencing the variability of antioxidative phenolic glycosides in Salix species. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:8205-10 pubmed publisher
    Phenolic glycosides, especially the salicylates, are important secondary metabolites in the bark of willows (Salix spp.)...
  20. Cohen S, Haack K, Halstead Nussloch G, Bernard K, Hatt H, Kubanek J, et al. Identification of RL-TGR, a coreceptor involved in aversive chemical signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:12339-44 pubmed publisher
    ..triterpene glycoside receptor (RL-TGR), a novel coreceptor involved in signaling in response to triterpene glycosides. This coreceptor appears to be structurally and functionally related to RAMPs, a family of coreceptors that ..
  21. Koike Y, Fukumura M, Hirai Y, Hori Y, Usui S, Atsumi T, et al. Novel phenolic glycosides, adenophorasides A-E, from Adenophora roots. J Nat Med. 2010;64:245-51 pubmed publisher
    Five novel phenolic glycosides, adenophorasides A (1), B (2), C (3), D (4), and E (5), were isolated from commercial Adenophora roots, together with vanilloloside (6), 3,4-dimethoxybenzyl alcohol 7-O-beta-D: -glucopyranoside (7), and ..
  22. Kim S, Kang K, Jho E, Jung Y, Nho C, Um B, et al. Hepatoprotective effect of flavonoid glycosides from Lespedeza cuneata against oxidative stress induced by tert-butyl hyperoxide. Phytother Res. 2011;25:1011-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The observed hepatoprotective effect of the investigated compounds showed a high correlation with radical scavenging activity, which followed the structure-activity relationships of the flavonoid aglycones...
  23. Lea M, Ibeh C, Deutsch J, Hamid I, desBordes C. Inhibition of growth and induction of alkaline phosphatase in colon cancer cells by flavonols and flavonol glycosides. Anticancer Res. 2010;30:3629-35 pubmed
    ..of quercetin on cell proliferation and differentiation with the action of related flavonols and quercetin glycosides. Relative to the action of quercetin, effects on growth and enzyme activities did not always follow parallel ..
  24. Cheenpracha S, Park E, Yoshida W, Barit C, Wall M, Pezzuto J, et al. Potential anti-inflammatory phenolic glycosides from the medicinal plant Moringa oleifera fruits. Bioorg Med Chem. 2010;18:6598-602 pubmed publisher
    ..isolation and purification of the ethyl acetate extract of Moringa oleifera fruits yielded three new phenolic glycosides; 4-[(2'-O-acetyl-alpha-l-rhamnosyloxy) benzyl]isothiocyanate (1), 4-[(3'-O-acetyl-alpha-l-rhamnosyloxy)benzyl]..
  25. Kim S, Ahn J, Han S, Hwang B, Kim S, Lee M. Anti-adipogenic chromone glycosides from Cnidium monnieri fruits in 3T3-L1 cells. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2012;22:6267-71 pubmed publisher
    Seven new chromone glycosides, monnierisides A (3), B (10), C (11), D (12), E (13), F (15) and G (16) were isolated from Cnidium...
  26. Matsuda H, Nakashima S, Abdel Halim O, Morikawa T, Yoshikawa M. Cucurbitane-type triterpenes with anti-proliferative effects on U937 cells from an egyptian natural medicine, Bryonia cretica: structures of new triterpene glycosides, bryoniaosides A and B. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2010;58:747-51 pubmed
    ..By bioassay-guided fractionation, we isolated two new cucurbitane-type triterpene glycosides, bryoniaosides A and B, were isolated from the roots of Bryonia cretica L...
  27. Kumar H, Kaul K, Bajpai Gupta S, Kaul V, Kumar S. A comprehensive analysis of fifteen genes of steviol glycosides biosynthesis pathway in Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni). Gene. 2012;492:276-84 pubmed publisher
    Stevia [Stevia rebuaidana (Bertoni); family: Asteraceae] is known to yield diterpenoid steviol glycosides (SGs), which are about 300 times sweeter than sugar...
  28. Han H, Xu Q, Tang H, Yi Y, Gong W. Cytotoxic holostane-type triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Pentacta quadrangularis. Planta Med. 2010;76:1900-4 pubmed publisher
    Two new holostane-type triterpene glycosides, named pentactasides I (1) and II (2), and a new natural product, pentactaside III (3), together with two known glycosides, philinopsides A (4) and B (5), were isolated from the sea cucumber ..
  29. Rupasinghe H, Ronalds C, Rathgeber B, Robinson R. Absorption and tissue distribution of dietary quercetin and quercetin glycosides of apple skin in broiler chickens. J Sci Food Agric. 2010;90:1172-8 pubmed publisher
    Apple skins are a rich source of flavonols, in particular quercetin (Q) glycosides. The objective of the present study was to investigate the presence of Q metabolites in plasma, various tissues, and excreta when the commercial broiler ..
  30. Lin L, Sun J, Chen P, Harnly J. UHPLC-PDA-ESI/HRMS/MS(n) analysis of anthocyanins, flavonol glycosides, and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives in red mustard greens (Brassica juncea Coss variety). J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:12059-72 pubmed publisher
    ..components of red mustard greens ( Brassica juncea Coss variety) and identified 67 anthocyanins, 102 flavonol glycosides, and 40 hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives...
  31. Rumalla C, Ali Z, Weerasooriya A, Smillie T, Khan I. Two new triterpene glycosides from Centella asiatica. Planta Med. 2010;76:1018-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Structure elucidation was done by using spectroscopic techniques (HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR), chemical methods, and comparative literature studies. ..
  32. Xu X, Xie H, Hao J, Jiang Y, Wei X. Flavonoid Glycosides from the Seeds of Litchi chinensis. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:1205-9 pubmed publisher
    Seven flavonoid glycosides, including one new (1) and five previously uncharacterized (3-7), were obtained from the seeds of lychee ( Litchi chinensis Sonn. cv...
  33. Yokosuka A, Sano T, Hashimoto K, Sakagami H, Mimaki Y. Triterpene glycosides from the whole plant of Anemone hupehensis var. japonica and their cytotoxic activity. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2009;57:1425-30 pubmed
    Three new triterpene glycosides (1-3), together with eight known triterpene glycosides (4-11), were isolated from the whole plant of Anemone hupehensis var. japonica (Ranunculaceae)...
  34. Tian L, Zhang Y, Qu C, Wang Y, Yang C. Phloroglucinol glycosides from the fresh fruits of Eucalyptus maideni. J Nat Prod. 2010;73:160-3 pubmed publisher
    Five new phloroglucinol glycosides, eucalmainosides A-E (1-5), were isolated from the fresh fruits of Eucalyptus maideni, along with 15 flavonoids (6-20), seven (+)-oleuropeic acid derivatives (15, 16, and 22-26), three hydrolyzable ..
  35. Shu J, Chou G, Wang Z. Two new benzophenone glycosides from the fruit of Psidium guajava L. Fitoterapia. 2010;81:532-5 pubmed publisher
    The ripe edible fruits of Psidium guajava L. was phytochemically investigated, three benzophenone glycosides, 2, 6-dihydroxy-3, 5-dimethyl-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-benzophenone (1), 2, 6-dihydroxy-3-methyl-4-O-(6''-O-galloyl-beta-D-..
  36. Lee S, Chung S, Lee S, Park W, Oh I, Mar W, et al. Acylated kaempferol glycosides from Laurus nobilis leaves and their inhibitory effects on Na+/K+-adenosine triphosphatase. Biol Pharm Bull. 2012;35:428-32 pubmed
    ..Through bioassay-guided separation of the leaf extract of Laurus nobilis, six acylated kaempferol glycosides (compounds 1-6) were isolated...
  37. Polivka T, Frank H. Molecular factors controlling photosynthetic light harvesting by carotenoids. Acc Chem Res. 2010;43:1125-34 pubmed publisher
    ..In these bioinspired systems, researchers are seeking to improve the light capture and use of energy from the solar emission spectrum. ..
  38. Masaka R, Ogata M, Misawa Y, Yano M, Hashimoto C, Murata T, et al. Molecular design of N-linked tetravalent glycosides bearing N-acetylglucosamine, N,N'-diacetylchitobiose and N-acetyllactosamine: Analysis of cross-linking activities with WGA and ECA lectins. Bioorg Med Chem. 2010;18:621-9 pubmed publisher
    Two types of nonspacer- and spacer-N-linked tetravalent glycosides bearing N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), N,N'-diacetylchitobiose [(GlcNAc)(2)] and N-acetyllactosamine (LacNAc) were designed and prepared as glycomimetics...
  39. Hirashima M, Tsuda K, Hamada T, Okamura H, Furukawa T, Akiyama S, et al. Cytotoxic isomalabaricane derivatives and a monocyclic triterpene glycoside from the sponge Rhabdastrella globostellata. J Nat Prod. 2010;73:1512-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the mechanism of cytotoxicity of compounds 4 and 5 was investigated. ..
  40. Kato H, Li W, Koike M, Wang Y, Koike K. Phenolic glycosides from Agrimonia pilosa. Phytochemistry. 2010;71:1925-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Their structures were determined by various spectroscopic analysis and chemical transformations...
  41. Ono Y, Minami A, Noike M, Higuchi Y, Toyomasu T, Sassa T, et al. Dioxygenases, key enzymes to determine the aglycon structures of fusicoccin and brassicicene, diterpene compounds produced by fungi. J Am Chem Soc. 2011;133:2548-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, we showed that short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase located in the fusicoccin A biosynthetic gene cluster catalyzed the reduction of the aldehyde to yield fusicocca-1,10(14)-diene-8?,16-diol. ..
  42. Li H, Giles K, Bendiak B, Kaplan K, Siems W, Hill H. Resolving structural isomers of monosaccharide methyl glycosides using drift tube and traveling wave ion mobility mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2012;84:3231-9 pubmed publisher
    ..that ion mobility-mass spectrometry using either drift tube or traveling wave ion mobility is a valuable technique for resolving subtle variations in stereochemistry among the sodium adducts of monosaccharide methyl glycosides.
  43. Wang L, Cai Y, Zhang X, Fan C, Zhang Q, Lai X, et al. New triterpenoid glycosides from the roots of Ilex asprella. Carbohydr Res. 2012;349:39-43 pubmed publisher
    Eight new triterpenoid glycosides, named ilexasosides A-H, were isolated from the roots of Ilex asprella. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic and chemical analyses...
  44. Morikawa T, Pan Y, Ninomiya K, Imura K, Yuan D, Yoshikawa M, et al. Iridoid and acyclic monoterpene glycosides, kankanosides L, M, N, O, and P from Cistanche tubulosa. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2010;58:1403-7 pubmed
    Three iridoid glycosides, kankanosides L, M, and N, and two acyclic monoterpene glycosides, kankanosides O and P, were isolated from fresh stems of Cistanche tubulosa (Orobanchaceae) together with eight iridoid glycosides, five acyclic ..
  45. Li Y, Wang M, Li S, Zhang Y, Zhao Y, Xie R, et al. Effect of total glycosides from Eucommia ulmoides seed on bone microarchitecture in rats. Phytother Res. 2011;25:1895-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study examined whether Du-Zhong seed extract named total glycosides from Eucommia ulmoides seed (TGEUS) could display an increased effect on bone density and bone strength of the ..
  46. Ladiwala A, Mora Pale M, Lin J, Bale S, Fishman Z, Dordick J, et al. Polyphenolic glycosides and aglycones utilize opposing pathways to selectively remodel and inactivate toxic oligomers of amyloid ?. Chembiochem. 2011;12:1749-58 pubmed publisher substoichiometric concentrations, we have investigated the pathways used by polyphenol aglycones and their glycosides to remodel A? soluble oligomers...
  47. Li Z, Alex D, Siu S, Chu I, Renn J, Winkler C, et al. Combined in vivo imaging and omics approaches reveal metabolism of icaritin and its glycosides in zebrafish larvae. Mol Biosyst. 2011;7:2128-38 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides a new methodological model for use of the zebrafish larvae to examine drug metabolism. ..
  48. Aminin D, Silchenko A, Avilov S, Stepanov V, Kalinin V. Immunomodulatory action of monosulfated triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria okhotensis: stimulation of activity of mouse peritoneal macrophages. Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:1877-80 pubmed
    Six monosulfated triterpene glycosides, frondoside A1 (1), okhotoside B1 (2), okhotoside A1-1 (3), frondoside A (4), okhotoside A2-1 (5) and cucumarioside A2-5 (6), isolated from Cucumaria okhotensis Levin et Stepanov, stimulate spreading ..
  49. Zhou W, Qin K, Shan J, Ju W, Liu S, Cai B, et al. Improvement of intestinal absorption of forsythoside A in weeping forsythia extract by various absorption enhancers based on tight junctions. Phytomedicine. 2012;20:47-58 pubmed publisher
    ..All findings above suggested that water-soluble chitosan at dosage of 50 mg/kg might be safe and effective absorption enhancer for improving the bioavailability of FTA and the antioxidant activity in vivo in weeping forsythia extract...
  50. Yuan T, Wan C, Gonzalez Sarrias A, Kandhi V, Cech N, Seeram N. Phenolic glycosides from sugar maple (Acer saccharum) bark. J Nat Prod. 2011;74:2472-6 pubmed publisher
    Four new phenolic glycosides, saccharumosides A-D (1-4), along with eight known phenolic glycosides, were isolated from the bark of sugar maple (Acer saccharum)...
  51. Kirmizibekmez H, Ariburnu E, Masullo M, Festa M, Capasso A, Yesilada E, et al. Iridoid, phenylethanoid and flavonoid glycosides from Sideritis trojana. Fitoterapia. 2012;83:130-6 pubmed publisher
    ..a new iridoid glycoside, 10-O-(E)-feruloylmelittoside (1) was obtained in addition to four known iridoid glycosides [melittoside (2), 10-O-(E)-p-coumaroylmelittoside (3), stachysosides E (4) and G (5)]...
  52. Malafronte N, Pesca M, Bisio A, Morales Escobar L, De Tommasi N. New flavonoid glycosides from Vernonia ferruginea. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:1639-42 pubmed
    Four new flavonoid glycosides, quercetin 3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-4)-beta-D-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-beta-D-apiofuranosyl-(1-4)-beta-D-glucopyranoside, kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-apiofuranosyl-(1-4)-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and ..
  53. Zhao J, Huhman D, Shadle G, He X, Sumner L, Tang Y, et al. MATE2 mediates vacuolar sequestration of flavonoid glycosides and glycoside malonates in Medicago truncatula. Plant Cell. 2011;23:1536-55 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, MATE2 shows higher transport capacity for anthocyanins and lower efficiency for other flavonoid glycosides. Three malonyltransferases that are coexpressed with MATE2 were identified...