Summary: Carbohydrates covalently linked to a nonsugar moiety (lipids or proteins). The major glycoconjugates are glycoproteins, glycopeptides, peptidoglycans, glycolipids, and lipopolysaccharides. (From Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents, 2d ed; From Principles of Biochemistry, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. Wirth J, Guo W, Baumes R, Gunata Z. Volatile compounds released by enzymatic hydrolysis of glycoconjugates of leaves and grape berries from Vitis vinifera Muscat of Alexandria and Shiraz cultivars. J Agric Food Chem. 2001;49:2917-23 pubmed
    b>Glycoconjugates from Muscat of Alexandria and Shiraz leaves and grape berries were isolated by adsorption on Amberlite XAD-2 resin, and enzymatically released aglycons were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS...
  2. Takeuchi T, Nishiyama K, Sugiura K, Takahashi M, Yamada A, Kobayashi S, et al. Caenorhabditis elegans galectins LEC-6 and LEC-1 recognize a chemically synthesized Galbeta1-4Fuc disaccharide unit which is present in Protostomia glycoconjugates. Glycobiology. 2009;19:1503-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, since glycans containing the Galbeta1-4Fuc disaccharide unit have been found in organisms belonging to Protostomia, this unit might be a common glyco-epitope recognized by galectins in these organisms. ..
  3. La Ferla B, Airoldi C, Zona C, Orsato A, Cardona F, Merlo S, et al. Natural glycoconjugates with antitumor activity. Nat Prod Rep. 2011;28:630-48 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review we focus our attention on natural glycoconjugates with anticancer properties...
  4. Cuthbertson L, Kos V, Whitfield C. ABC transporters involved in export of cell surface glycoconjugates. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2010;74:341-62 pubmed publisher
    Complex glycoconjugates play critical roles in the biology of microorganisms. Despite the remarkable diversity in glycan structures and the bacteria that produce them, conserved themes are evident in the biosynthesis-export pathways...
  5. Al Banaw A, Kenngott R, al Hassan J, Mehana N, Sinowatz F. Histochemical analysis of glycoconjugates in the skin of a catfish (arius tenuispinis, day). Anat Histol Embryol. 2010;39:42-50 pubmed publisher
    ..5) as well as using a battery of 14 fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labelled lectins to identify glycoconjugates present in 10 different areas of the skin of a catfish (Arius tenuispinis) was carried out...
  6. Chinarev A, Galanina O, Bovin N. Biotinylated multivalent glycoconjugates for surface coating. Methods Mol Biol. 2010;600:67-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we describe a synthetic approach to polyacrylamide-based glycoconjugates with biotin tag, with special emphasis to development of carbohydrate biosensors and arrays.
  7. Cervantes Sandoval I, Jesús Serrano Luna J, Pacheco Yepez J, Silva Olivares A, Tsutsumi V, Shibayama M. Differences between Naegleria fowleri and Naegleria gruberi in expression of mannose and fucose glycoconjugates. Parasitol Res. 2010;106:695-701 pubmed publisher
    ..fowleri with their target cells. In the present study, we investigated the composition of glycoconjugates present on the surface of trophozoites of the pathogenic N. fowleri and the nonpathogenic Naegleria gruberi...
  8. Simon R, Wang J, Boyd M, Tulapurkar M, Ramachandran G, Tennant S, et al. Sustained protection in mice immunized with fractional doses of Salmonella Enteritidis core and O polysaccharide-flagellin glycoconjugates. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e64680 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide important insights regarding the potency of Salmonella glycoconjugate vaccines that use flagellin as a carrier protein. ..
  9. Watson D, Leclerc S, Wakarchuk W, Young N. Enzymatic synthesis and properties of glycoconjugates with legionaminic acid as a replacement for neuraminic acid. Glycobiology. 2011;21:99-108 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to explore the biological effects of replacing sialic acid residues (Neu5Ac) in glycoconjugates with Leg in its diacetylated form, diacetyllegionaminic acid (Leg5Ac7Ac), we tested CMP-Leg5Ac7Ac as a donor ..

More Information


  1. Tanaka M, Kataoka H, Mabuchi M, Sakuma S, Takahashi S, Tujii R, et al. Anticancer effects of novel photodynamic therapy with glycoconjugated chlorin for gastric and colon cancer. Anticancer Res. 2011;31:763-9 pubmed
    ..In vivo, H(2)TFPC-SGlc accumulation was higher in xenograft tumors and significantly suppressed tumor growth when compared with Talaporfin. This novel glycoconjugated chlorin is potentially useful in PDT. ..
  2. Harvey D. Analysis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry: an update for 2007-2008. Mass Spectrom Rev. 2012;31:183-311 pubmed publisher, published in 1999, on the application of MALDI mass spectrometry to the analysis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates and brings coverage of the literature to the end of 2008...
  3. Arafa H. Possible contribution of beta-glycosidases and caspases in the cytotoxicity of novel glycoconjugates in colon cancer cells. Invest New Drugs. 2010;28:306-17 pubmed publisher
    b>Glycoconjugates represent a recent trend in cancer chemotherapy that adopts the concept of selective prodrug/drug targeting of tumor cells by selectively binding to specific transmembrane glucose transporters...
  4. Kedzierski L, Curtis J, Kedzierska K. Early CD44(hi)CD4+ and CD44(hi)CD8+ T cell numbers and the absence of mannose-rich glycoconjugates determine the protective outcome of anti-leishmanial immunity. Parasitology. 2009;136:833-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the magnitude of T-cell responses early in the infection and the absence of mannose-rich glycoconjugates determine the protective outcome of anti-leishmanial immunity.
  5. Ashida H, Miyake A, Kiyohara M, Wada J, Yoshida E, Kumagai H, et al. Two distinct alpha-L-fucosidases from Bifidobacterium bifidum are essential for the utilization of fucosylated milk oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates. Glycobiology. 2009;19:1010-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the enzyme did not act on glycoconjugates containing alpha1,2-fucosyl residue or on synthetic alpha-fucoside (p-nitrophenyl-alpha-l-fucoside)...
  6. Dal Bó A, Soldi V, Giacomelli F, Travelet C, Jean B, Pignot Paintrand I, et al. Self-assembly of amphiphilic glycoconjugates into lectin-adhesive nanoparticles. Langmuir. 2012;28:1418-26 pubmed publisher
  7. Novozhilova N, Bovin N. Structure, functions, and biosynthesis of glycoconjugates of Leishmania spp. cell surface. Biochemistry (Mosc). 2010;75:686-94 pubmed
  8. Kabanova A, Adamo R, Proietti D, Berti F, Tontini M, Rappuoli R, et al. Preparation, characterization and immunogenicity of HIV-1 related high-mannose oligosaccharides-CRM197 glycoconjugates. Glycoconj J. 2010;27:501-13 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that further structural vaccinology work is needed to identify an antigen presentation that closely matches in vivo the structure of the epitope mapped by 2G12. ..
  9. Burtnick M, Heiss C, Roberts R, Schweizer H, Azadi P, Brett P. Development of capsular polysaccharide-based glycoconjugates for immunization against melioidosis and glanders. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2012;2:108 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, these approaches provide a tangible starting point for the development of novel CPS-based glycoconjugates for immunization against melioidosis and glanders.
  10. Bernardi A, Jimenez Barbero J, Casnati A, De Castro C, Darbre T, Fieschi F, et al. Multivalent glycoconjugates as anti-pathogenic agents. Chem Soc Rev. 2013;42:4709-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Multivalent glycoconjugates have also been used for stimulating the innate and adaptive immune systems, for example with carbohydrate-..
  11. Ouyang H, Luo Y, Zhang L, Li Y, Jin C. Proteome analysis of Aspergillus fumigatus total membrane proteins identifies proteins associated with the glycoconjugates and cell wall biosynthesis using 2D LC-MS/MS. Mol Biotechnol. 2010;44:177-89 pubmed publisher
    We attempted to identify membrane proteins associated with the glycoconjugates and cell wall biosynthesis in the total membrane preparations of Aspergillus fumigatus...
  12. Bond M, Zhang H, Vu P, Kohler J. Photocrosslinking of glycoconjugates using metabolically incorporated diazirine-containing sugars. Nat Protoc. 2009;4:1044-63 pubmed publisher
    Transient interactions among glycoconjugates underlie developmental, immunological and metastatic recognition. Glycan-mediated interactions have low binding affinities and rapid dissociation rates...
  13. Singh S, Streng Ouwehand I, Litjens M, Kalay H, Burgdorf S, Saeland E, et al. Design of neo-glycoconjugates that target the mannose receptor and enhance TLR-independent cross-presentation and Th1 polarization. Eur J Immunol. 2011;41:916-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Both neo-glycoconjugates showed, even at low doses, improved uptake as compared with native OVA, resulting in enhanced cross-..
  14. Jones C, Aplin J, Burton G. First trimester histiotrophe shows altered sialylation compared with secretory phase glycoconjugates in human endometrium. Placenta. 2010;31:576-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The changes may facilitate absorption of histiotrophe by the trophoblast and enhance availability of substrates for degradation. ..
  15. Caldwell G, Pagett H. Marine glycobiology: current status and future perspectives. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2010;12:241-52 pubmed publisher
    ..with recent advances in analytical instrumentation, there is now the capacity to begin to characterize marine glycoconjugates,many of which will have potential biomedical and biotechnological applications...
  16. Garrido D, Dallas D, Mills D. Consumption of human milk glycoconjugates by infant-associated bifidobacteria: mechanisms and implications. Microbiology. 2013;159:649-64 pubmed publisher
    ..human milk oligosaccharides, and recent evidence indicates that their activities also target other human milk glycoconjugates. Here, we review advances in our understanding of how these microbes have been shaped by breast milk ..
  17. Luang S, Cho J, Mahong B, Opassiri R, Akiyama T, Phasai K, et al. Rice Os9BGlu31 is a transglucosidase with the capacity to equilibrate phenylpropanoid, flavonoid, and phytohormone glycoconjugates. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:10111-23 pubmed publisher
  18. Mistry N, Inoue H, Jamshidi F, Storm R, Oberste M, Arnberg N. Coxsackievirus A24 variant uses sialic acid-containing O-linked glycoconjugates as cellular receptors on human ocular cells. J Virol. 2011;85:11283-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Previously it has been suggested that CVA24v uses sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates as attachment receptors on corneal cells, but the nature of these receptors is poorly described...
  19. Valaitis A, Podgwaite J. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A toxin-binding glycoconjugates present on the brush border membrane and in the peritrophic membrane of the Douglas-fir tussock moth are peritrophins. J Invertebr Pathol. 2013;112:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These data provide strong evidence that O-linked glycans are the target structures on the toxin-binding glycoconjugates for the Cry1A class of insecticidal proteins in DFTM larvae.
  20. Safina G. Application of surface plasmon resonance for the detection of carbohydrates, glycoconjugates, and measurement of the carbohydrate-specific interactions: a comparison with conventional analytical techniques. A critical review. Anal Chim Acta. 2012;712:9-29 pubmed publisher
    ..A few selected examples of the SPR approaches developed during 2004-2011 for the biosensing of glycoforms and for glycan-protein affinity studies are comprehensively discussed. ..
  21. Deniaud D, Julienne K, Gouin S. Insights in the rational design of synthetic multivalent glycoconjugates as lectin ligands. Org Biomol Chem. 2011;9:966-79 pubmed publisher
    ..The resulting multivalent glycoconjugates often display a much higher binding affinity for their targets compared to their monovalent counterparts, a ..
  22. Kaur D, Guerin M, Skovierova H, Brennan P, Jackson M. Chapter 2: Biogenesis of the cell wall and other glycoconjugates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Adv Appl Microbiol. 2009;69:23-78 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, the laboratory personnel who have been the focal point of some to these developments review recent progress towards a comprehensive understanding of the basic physiology and functions of the cell wall of M. tuberculosis. ..
  23. Valbuena G, Madrid J, Hernandez F, Sáez F. Identification of fucosylated glycoconjugates in Xenopus laevis testis by lectin histochemistry. Histochem Cell Biol. 2010;134:215-25 pubmed publisher
    b>Glycoconjugates play roles in many physiological and pathological processes...
  24. Harvey D. Analysis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry: an update for the period 2005-2006. Mass Spectrom Rev. 2011;30:1-100 pubmed publisher, published in 1999, on the application of MALDI mass spectrometry to the analysis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates and brings coverage of the literature to the end of 2006...
  25. Yoshino T, Wu X, Gonzalez L, Hokke C. Circulating Biomphalaria glabrata hemocyte subpopulations possess shared schistosome glycans and receptors capable of binding larval glycoconjugates. Exp Parasitol. 2013;133:28-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Unraveling the functional significance of these naturally expressed and acquired shared glycans on specific hemocyte populations represents an important challenge for future investigations. ..
  26. Sharma M, Pandey S, Chauhan K, Sharma D, Kumar B, Chauhan P. Cyanuric chloride catalyzed mild protocol for synthesis of biologically active dihydro/spiro quinazolinones and quinazolinone-glycoconjugates. J Org Chem. 2012;77:929-37 pubmed publisher
    ..approach for the synthesis of 2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-one (3a-3x), 2-spiroquinazolinone (5, 7), and glycoconjugates of 2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-one (10a, 10b) derivatives...
  27. Lopes L, da Silva M, Bittencourt V, Figueiredo R, Rollin Pinheiro R, Sassaki G, et al. Glycoconjugates and polysaccharides from the Scedosporium/Pseudallescheria boydii complex: structural characterisation, involvement in cell differentiation, cell recognition and virulence. Mycoses. 2011;54 Suppl 3:28-36 pubmed publisher
    ..These glycosylated polymers, being present in the fungal cell wall, are mostly absent from mammalian cells, and are excellent targets for the design of new agents capable of inhibiting fungal growth and differentiation of pathogens...
  28. Leal A, de Lima Neto R, Macêdo D, Beltrão E, Neves R. Carbohydrate profiling of fungal cell wall surface glycoconjugates of Trichophyton tonsurans and other keratinophilic filamentous fungi using lectins. Mycoses. 2011;54:e789-94 pubmed publisher
    Various researchers have concluded that lectins are useful reagents for the study of fungal cell wall surface glycoconjugates. In this study, we evaluated the expression of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, L-fucose, D-galactose and glucose/..
  29. Waszkiewicz N, Szajda S, Kepka A, Szulc A, Zwierz K. Glycoconjugates in the detection of alcohol abuse. Biochem Soc Trans. 2011;39:365-9 pubmed publisher
    ..g. after trauma). In clinical practice, glycoconjugate markers of alcohol use/abuse let us distinguish alcoholic from non-alcoholic tissue damage, having important implications for the treatment and management of diseases. ..
  30. Accogli G, Zizza S, García López A, Sarasquete C, Desantis S. Lectin-binding pattern of the Senegalese sole Solea senegalensis oogenesis. Microsc Res Tech. 2012;75:1124-35 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings demonstrate that the glycan pattern of fish ovarian follicles changes during the maturative stages and that it is affected by culture-rearing conditions. ..
  31. Day C, Semchenko E, Korolik V. Glycoconjugates play a key role in Campylobacter jejuni Infection: interactions between host and pathogen. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2012;2:9 pubmed publisher
    ..for studying the role of glycans in host-pathogen interactions, as well as the role of bacterial surface glycoconjugates in infection. Using glycan array analysis, C...
  32. Godula K, Bertozzi C. Density variant glycan microarray for evaluating cross-linking of mucin-like glycoconjugates by lectins. J Am Chem Soc. 2012;134:15732-42 pubmed
    ..possess the ability to agglutinate A(1)-blood cells carrying the ?-GalNAc epitope and cross-link low valency glycoconjugates, only SBA showed a tendency to form intermolecular cross-links among the arrayed polyvalent mucin mimetics...
  33. de Assis R, Ibraim I, Nogueira P, Soares R, Turco S. Glycoconjugates in New World species of Leishmania: polymorphisms in lipophosphoglycan and glycoinositolphospholipids and interaction with hosts. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012;1820:1354-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Amongst the many surface molecules of Leishmania, the glycoconjugates are known to play a central role in host-parasite interactions and are the focus of this review...
  34. Zarbock A, Ley K, McEver R, Hidalgo A. Leukocyte ligands for endothelial selectins: specialized glycoconjugates that mediate rolling and signaling under flow. Blood. 2011;118:6743-51 pubmed publisher
    Reversible interactions of glycoconjugates on leukocytes with P- and E-selectin on endothelial cells mediate tethering and rolling of leukocytes in inflamed vascular beds, the first step in their recruitment to sites of injury...
  35. Messner P, Schäffer C, Kosma P. Bacterial cell-envelope glycoconjugates. Adv Carbohydr Chem Biochem. 2013;69:209-72 pubmed publisher
    ..function, genetic basis, biosynthesis, and biomedical and biotechnological applications of cell-envelope glycoconjugates, S-layer glycoprotein glycans, and "nonclassical" secondary-cell wall polysaccharides...
  36. Waszkiewicz N, Szajda S, Jankowska A, Waszkiewicz M, Kepka A, Konarzewska B, et al. Catabolism of salivary glycoconjugates in acute ethanol intoxication. Med Sci Monit. 2009;15:CR413-7 pubmed
    ..The observed changes might contribute to salivary defense system malfunction as well as to oral malodor production. ..
  37. Recht J, Kolter R. Glycopeptidolipid acetylation affects sliding motility and biofilm formation in Mycobacterium smegmatis. J Bacteriol. 2001;183:5718-24 pubmed
    ..Physical characterization of the GPLs from the atf1 mutant demonstrated that they were not acetylated. ..
  38. Stamatos N, Curreli S, Zella D, Cross A. Desialylation of glycoconjugates on the surface of monocytes activates the extracellular signal-related kinases ERK 1/2 and results in enhanced production of specific cytokines. J Leukoc Biol. 2004;75:307-13 pubmed
    ..The role of sialidase(s) and the consequent desialylation of cell surface glycoconjugates in the activation of monocytes have not been established...
  39. Kale R, Clancy C, Vermillion R, Johnson E, Iyer S. Synthesis of soluble multivalent glycoconjugates that target the Hc region of botulinum neurotoxin A. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2007;17:2459-64 pubmed
    The design, synthesis, and initial inhibitory studies of di- and tetravalent glycoconjugates that target the heavy chain of botulinum neurotoxin A are reported.
  40. Diekman A. Glycoconjugates in sperm function and gamete interactions: how much sugar does it take to sweet-talk the egg?. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2003;60:298-308 pubmed
    b>Glycoconjugates in the mammalian reproductive tract are critical components of the molecular mechanisms that control sperm maturation, sperm transport and gamete interactions...
  41. Ballance S, Howard M, White K, McCrohan C, Thornton D, Sheehan J. Partial characterisation of high-molecular weight glycoconjugates in the trail mucus of the freshwater pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2004;137:475-86 pubmed
    We have studied the glycoconjugates in trail mucus of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis...
  42. Tsuji D, Kuroki A, Ishibashi Y, Itakura T, Kuwahara J, Yamanaka S, et al. Specific induction of macrophage inflammatory protein 1-alpha in glial cells of Sandhoff disease model mice associated with accumulation of N-acetylhexosaminyl glycoconjugates. J Neurochem. 2005;92:1497-507 pubmed
  43. Ning X, Guo J, Wolfert M, Boons G. Visualizing metabolically labeled glycoconjugates of living cells by copper-free and fast huisgen cycloadditions. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2008;47:2253-5 pubmed publisher
  44. Chou D, Schachner M, Jungalwala F. HNK-1 sulfotransferase null mice express glucuronyl glycoconjugates and show normal cerebellar granule neuron migration in vivo and in vitro. J Neurochem. 2002;82:1239-51 pubmed
    ..However, the role of other compensatory molecules involved in these processes cannot be completely ruled out. ..
  45. Nokhbeh M, Hazra S, Alexander D, Khan A, McAllister M, Suuronen E, et al. Enterovirus 70 binds to different glycoconjugates containing alpha2,3-linked sialic acid on different cell lines. J Virol. 2005;79:7087-94 pubmed
  46. Staudt C, Horn H, Hempel D, Neu T. Volumetric measurements of bacterial cells and extracellular polymeric substance glycoconjugates in biofilms. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2004;88:585-92 pubmed
    ..Bacterial cell distribution was determined with the nucleic acid-specific stain SYTO 60, whereas glycoconjugates of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) were stained with the Alexa-488-labeled lectin of Aleuria ..
  47. Teranishi K, Alwayn I, Buhler L, Gollackner B, Knosalla C, Huck J, et al. Depletion of anti-Gal antibodies by the intravenous infusion of Gal type 2 and 6 glycoconjugates in baboons. Xenotransplantation. 2003;10:357-67 pubmed specificity of NAb was identified, indicating that the infusion of a combination of Gal type 2 and 6 glycoconjugates may be required...
  48. Carter G, Wu M, Drummond D, Bermudez L. Characterization of biofilm formation by clinical isolates of Mycobacterium avium. J Med Microbiol. 2003;52:747-52 pubmed
    ..Identification of M. avium genes involved in biofilm formation and further studies of the effect of antimicrobials on the establishment of biofilm may identify approaches for inhibiting M. avium biofilm formation and colonization. ..
  49. Hölemann A, Seeberger P. Carbohydrate diversity: synthesis of glycoconjugates and complex carbohydrates. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2004;15:615-22 pubmed
    The fundamental role of glycoconjugates in many biological processes is now well appreciated and has intensified the development of innovative and improved synthetic strategies...
  50. Mullins R, Grassi M, Skeie J. Glycoconjugates of choroidal neovascular membranes in age-related macular degeneration. Mol Vis. 2005;11:509-17 pubmed
    ..Several carbohydrate groups were preferentially associated with the vascular elements in CNV. Glycoconjugates that react with lectins derived from wheat germ, soybean, and hairy vetch seed (sWGA, SBA, and VVA, ..
  51. Srinivasan P, Sabitha K, Shyamaladevi C. Modulatory efficacy of green tea polyphenols on glycoconjugates and immunological markers in 4-Nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced oral carcinogenesis-A therapeutic approach. Chem Biol Interact. 2006;162:149-56 pubmed
    ..The present study is aimed to understand the therapeutic action of GTP on glycoconjugates and immunological markers in 4-Nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO)-induced oral cancer over a period of 30 days at ..
  52. Gijzen K, Cambi A, Torensma R, Figdor C. C-type lectins on dendritic cells and their interaction with pathogen-derived and endogenous glycoconjugates. Curr Protein Pept Sci. 2006;7:283-94 pubmed
    ..When CLRs bind endogenous glycosylated ligands they mediate several processes like cell-cell adhesion and clearance of aberrant cells like tumor cells or apoptotic cells. ..
  53. Desantis S, Cirillo F, Deflorio M, Megalofonou P, Palazón J, Sarasquete C, et al. Histochemical study of glycoconjugates in the toadfish Halobatrachus didactylus oesophagus epithelium. Histol Histopathol. 2007;22:23-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Neu5AcForssman pentasaccharide (MAL II, SNA, KOH-sialidase-DBA staining) as well as asialo-glycoconjugates with terminal/internal alphaMan (Con A affinity) and with terminal Galbeta1,3GalNAc, Forssman pentasaccharide,..
  54. Chatterjee D, Khoo K. The surface glycopeptidolipids of mycobacteria: structures and biological properties. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2001;58:2018-42 pubmed
  55. Hynes S, Teneberg S, Roche N, Wadstrom T. Glycoconjugate binding of gastric and enterohepatic Helicobacter spp. Infect Immun. 2003;71:2976-80 pubmed
    ..In addition, in H. hepaticus and H. bilis, binding may be sialic acid dependent. The presence or absence and differences in the levels of activity of lectin adhesins may reflect the species' ecological niche...
  56. Hsu T, Hanson S, Kishikawa K, Wang S, Sawa M, Wong C. Alkynyl sugar analogs for the labeling and visualization of glycoconjugates in cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:2614-9 pubmed
    ..Metabolic oligosaccharide engineering, which inserts sugar-reporting groups into cellular glycoconjugates, represents a powerful method for imaging the localization, trafficking, and dynamics of glycans and ..
  57. Maass K, Ranzinger R, Geyer H, Von der Lieth C, Geyer R. "Glyco-peakfinder"--de novo composition analysis of glycoconjugates. Proteomics. 2007;7:4435-44 pubmed
    ..provides full user control to handle modified glycans (persubstituted molecules, reducing-end modifications, glycoconjugates) and ion types...
  58. Daubeuf S, Aucher A, Sampathkumar S, Preville X, Yarema K, Hudrisier D. Chemical labels metabolically installed into the glycoconjugates of the target cell surface can be used to track lymphocyte/target cell interplay via trogocytosis: comparisons with lipophilic dyes and biotin. Immunol Invest. 2007;36:687-712 pubmed
    ..A particular class of molecules, not studied explicitly so far in the context of trogocytosis is glycoconjugates. Here, we used a method to metabolically install chemical labels in target cell glycoconjugates...
  59. Alvarez J, Rivera J, Teale J. Differential release and phagocytosis of tegument glycoconjugates in neurocysticercosis: implications for immune evasion strategies. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008;2:e218 pubmed publisher
    ..exhibit humoral responses against carbohydrate-based antigens, and the tegument is known to be rich in glycoconjugates (GCs), the expression of these types of molecules was analyzed in human, porcine, and murine NCC specimens...
  60. Choudhry N, Bajaj Elliott M, McDonald V. The terminal sialic acid of glycoconjugates on the surface of intestinal epithelial cells activates excystation of Cryptosporidium parvum. Infect Immun. 2008;76:3735-41 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that sialic acid on the surface of enterocytes may provide an important local signal for the excystation of C. parvum sporozoites. ..
  61. Cantarel B, Coutinho P, Rancurel C, Bernard T, Lombard V, Henrissat B. The Carbohydrate-Active EnZymes database (CAZy): an expert resource for Glycogenomics. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37:D233-8 pubmed publisher a knowledge-based resource specialized in the enzymes that build and breakdown complex carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. As of September 2008, the database describes the present knowledge on 113 glycoside hydrolase, 91 ..
  62. Morales E, Polo L, Pastor L, Santamaria L, Calvo A, Zuasti A, et al. Characterization of corpora amylacea glycoconjugates in normal and hyperplastic glands of human prostate. J Mol Histol. 2005;36:235-42 pubmed
    ..shown that there are sugars in corpora amylacea, but little attention has been focused on the expression of glycoconjugates in corpora amylacea of normal and hyperplastic prostatic glands...