sacrococcygeal region


Summary: The body region between (and flanking) the SACRUM and COCCYX.

Top Publications

  1. Can M, Sevinc M, Hancerliogullari O, Yilmaz M, Yagci G. Multicenter prospective randomized trial comparing modified Limberg flap transposition and Karydakis flap reconstruction in patients with sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease. Am J Surg. 2010;200:318-27 pubmed publisher
    ..There is still no consensus as to the optimal treatment for sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease (SPD). Many recommend off-midline closure, if any excisional procedure is to be selected...
  2. Rescorla F, Billmire D, Stolar C, Vinocur C, Colombani P, Cullen J, et al. The effect of cisplatin dose and surgical resection in children with malignant germ cell tumors at the sacrococcygeal region: a pediatric intergroup trial (POG 9049/CCG 8882). J Pediatr Surg. 2001;36:12-7 pubmed
    ..was designed to evaluate (1) the efficacy of standard or high-dose cisplatin with etoposide and bleomycin and (2) the role of surgical resection in infants and children with malignant germ cell tumors of the sacrococcygeal region (SCT).
  3. Hull T, Wu J. Pilonidal disease. Surg Clin North Am. 2002;82:1169-85 pubmed
    ..Therefore, starting with a simple treatment and progressing to other treatments if failure occurs despite meticulous wound care and hair shaving is the logical approach. Table 1 depicts treatments from simple to more complex...
  4. Bax N, van der Zee D. The laparoscopic approach to sacrococcygeal teratomas. Surg Endosc. 2004;18:128-30 pubmed
    ..A laparotomy is also added when the tumor extends presacrally into the pelvis. The presacral region is, however, difficult to access. A laparoscopic-assisted approach seems to offer a solution for both problems...
  5. Gencosmanoglu R, Inceoglu R. Modified lay-open (incision, curettage, partial lateral wall excision and marsupialization) versus total excision with primary closure in the treatment of chronic sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus: a prospective, randomized clinical trial with a complet. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2005;20:415-22 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study is to compare the modified lay-open technique with primary closure following excision with respect to operating time, healing time, time before return to work, morbidity rate, and recurrence rate...
  6. Balik O, Balik A, Polat K, Aydinli B, Kantarci M, Aliagaoglu C, et al. The importance of local subcutaneous fat thickness in pilonidal disease. Dis Colon Rectum. 2006;49:1755-7 pubmed
    ..This study was designed to investigate the local subcutaneous fat thickness in sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease...
  7. Morgan D, Rogers M, Huebner M, Wei J, Delancey J. Heterogeneity in anatomic outcome of sacrospinous ligament fixation for prolapse: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol. 2007;109:1424-33 pubmed
    ..To explore why failure rates vary so much between published reports of sacrospinous ligament fixation to correct pelvic organ prolapse and what the potential sources of heterogeneity may be...
  8. Binnebösel M, Junge K, Schwab R, Antony A, Schumpelick V, Klinge U. Delayed wound healing in sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus coincides with an altered collagen composition. World J Surg. 2009;33:130-6; discussion 137 pubmed publisher
    ..As a novel finding, this study indicates that disturbances of the ECM may predict a delayed wound healing after pilonidal sinus surgery. ..
  9. Park S, Kim H. F-18 FDG PET/CT evaluation of sacrococcygeal chordoma. Clin Nucl Med. 2008;33:906-8 pubmed publisher
    Chordoma is a rare malignant bone tumor derived from notochordal rests, and the most common site is the sacrococcygeal region. A 52-year-old woman presented with a sacrococcygeal chordoma detected on F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) ..

More Information

Publications199 found, 100 shown here

  1. Ioannidis O, Kakoutis E, Varnalidis I, Tamouridis G, Chatzichristou A, Tzarou V, et al. Giant cutaneous plasmacytoma of the sacrococcygeal region. J Cutan Med Surg. 2010;14:90-4 pubmed
    ..We present a case of a giant cutaneous plasmacytoma of the sacrococcygeal region with a diameter of 12 cm that was treated with surgical excision.
  2. Berger M, Heinrich M, Lacher M, Hubertus J, Stehr M, Von Schweinitz D. Postoperative bladder and rectal function in children with sacrococcygeal teratoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2011;56:397-402 pubmed publisher
    ..The risk increases particularly if multiple surgical interventions are needed in order to excise the tumor. Therefore, the need for meticulous and complete excision upon first intent is crucial in order to avoid bladder dysfunction. ..
  3. Hsu T, Chen B, Wang T. Presacral parachordoma causing intestinal obstruction in a patient with renal failure: Report of a case. Surg Today. 2011;41:1401-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Resection of the lesion was complicated by intraoperative bleeding and late occurrence of a pelvic abscess, which was successfully treated by computed tomography-guided drainage. ..
  4. Cheong Y, Sulaiman W, Halim A. Reconstruction of large sacral defects following tumour resection: a report of two cases. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2008;16:351-4 pubmed
    ..The donor site is distant from the lesion site and is thus unaffected by both the resection and radiotherapy. This is a useful flap for reconstructing large sacral defects. ..
  5. Topgul K. Surgical treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus with rhomboid flap. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2010;24:7-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, it has been anticipated that with the modification of this technique, the recurrence rate would be lower. ..
  6. Van der Steeg A, Sleeboom C, Heij H. [Internally situated sacrococcygeal teratomas, often invisible but not harmless]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2009;153:A191 pubmed
    ..Early detection and radical excision, including removal of the os coccygis, are necessary to prevent development of malignancy. Long-term functional sequelae can occur after excision. ..
  7. Lee H, Pyon J, Lim S, Mun G, Bang S, Oh K. Perforator-based bilobed flaps in patients with a sacral sore: application of a schematic design. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2011;64:790-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, rerotation is possible in the event of sore recurrence. Accordingly, we consider the perforator-based bilobed flap to be a useful and additional tool for the treatment of pressure sores. ..
  8. Lin C, Chen S, Chen T, Dai N, Fu J, Chang S. Successful management of osteoradionecrotic precoccygeal defect with the free latissimus dorsi muscle flap: case report and literature review. Microsurgery. 2011;31:490-4 pubmed publisher
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case reported in the literature with the radiation-associated perianal wound infection after APR reconstructed successfully by free LD muscle flap. ..
  9. Zhang C, Song X, He Y, Han F, Wang L, Xu J, et al. Use of absorbable hemostatic gauze with medical adhesive is effective for achieving hemostasis in presacral hemorrhage. Am J Surg. 2012;203:e5-8 pubmed publisher
    ..However, its effectiveness needs to be confirmed in a controlled study in a properly selected patient population. ..
  10. Belcastro M, Rastelli E, Mariotti V. Variation of the degree of sacral vertebral body fusion in adulthood in two European modern skeletal collections. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2008;135:149-60 pubmed
    ..Our study suggests that incompletely fused sacra can help in distinguishing young adults from old adults regardless of sex and population. ..
  11. Bellingham G, Peng P. A low-cost ultrasound phantom of the lumbosacral spine. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2010;35:290-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This teaching tool can provide trainees with an opportunity to familiarize themselves with sonoanatomy of the lumbosacral spine in addition to practicing probe handling techniques and needle placement. ..
  12. Giuglea C, Marinescu S, Florescu I, Jecan C. Pressure sores--a constant problem for plegic patients and a permanent challenge for plastic surgery. J Med Life. 2010;3:149-53 pubmed
  13. Karadimas E, Trypsiannis G, Giannoudis P. Surgical treatment of coccygodynia: an analytic review of the literature. Eur Spine J. 2011;20:698-705 pubmed publisher
    ..Coccygectomy can provide pain relief to as high as 85% of the cases. The most common reported complication was wound infection. ..
  14. Luk S, Tsang Y, Chan T, Lee T, Leung K. Sacrococcygeal teratoma in adults: case report and literature review. Hong Kong Med J. 2011;17:417-20 pubmed
    ..We present a case of sacrococcygeal teratoma in a female adult. The clinical presentation, radiological and histological findings, management, and outcome are described. ..
  15. Baxter C, Kim J. Contrasting the percutaneous nerve evaluation versus staged implantation in sacral neuromodulation. Curr Urol Rep. 2010;11:310-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Widespread adoption of this clinically superior technique will most rapidly help the greatest number of patients. ..
  16. Liu L, Li J, Huang S, You C. Adult anterior sacral meningoceles misdiagnosed as pelvic cysts. Br J Neurosurg. 2011;25:532-3 pubmed publisher
    ..In patients without any symptoms, ASM can be difficult to diagnose. We present one case of ASM misdiagnosed as pelvic cysts. ..
  17. Yao M, Chen C, Chen W, Chan W. Sacrococcygeal teratoma in an adolescent. JBR-BTR. 2012;95:322-4 pubmed
    ..The patient had complete excision of the tumor and coccyx.The gross impression and histology revealed a mature teratoma. ..
  18. Xie Y, Zhuang Y, Xue L, Zheng H, Lin J. A composite gluteofemoral flap for reconstruction of large pressure sores over the sacrococcygeal region. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2015;68:1733-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper presents a composite gluteofemoral flap for reconstruction of large pressure sores over the sacrococcygeal region. In this anatomical study, 30 embalmed cadaveric lower limbs were used for dissection to observe the ..
  19. Bou Assaly W, Illner A, Delaney L, Gunderman R. AJR Teaching File: child with chronic constipation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007;189:S29-31 pubmed
  20. Kitzman P. Effectiveness of riluzole in suppressing spasticity in the spinal cord injured rat. Neurosci Lett. 2009;455:150-3 pubmed publisher
    ..suppression of glutamate release by the administration of riluzole can reduce several, but not all, aspects of spastic activity in the tail muscles at concentrations that do not elicit negative side-effects. ..
  21. Nardo L, Alizai H, Virayavanich W, Liu F, Hernandez A, Lynch J, et al. Lumbosacral transitional vertebrae: association with low back pain. Radiology. 2012;265:497-503 pubmed publisher
    ..05, ?2 test). Types II and IV had higher prevalence and severity of LBP and buttock pain (P<.001). LSTV types II and IV positively correlate with prevalence and severity of LBP and buttock pain. ..
  22. Eker H, Cok O, Kocum A, Acil M, Turkoz A. Transsacrococcygeal approach to ganglion impar for pelvic cancer pain: a report of 3 cases. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2008;33:381-2 pubmed publisher
  23. Stephenson F. Simple wound care facilitates full healing in post-earthquake Haiti. J Wound Care. 2011;20:5-6, 8, 10 pubmed
    ..This article describes how simple wound care effected the complete healing of large sacral pressure ulcers and broken down spinal surgical wounds without the need for further surgical intervention. ..
  24. Lee M, Won H, Hyun M, Lee H, Shim J, Lee P, et al. Perinatal outcome of sacrococcygeal teratoma. Prenat Diagn. 2011;31:1217-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Fetuses with SCT undergoing in utero intervention have worse prognostic features, yet their neonatal outcome is similar to those of fetuses not requiring intervention. ..
  25. Yoshida M, Matsuoka K, Nakazawa A, Yoshida M, Inoue T, Kishimoto H, et al. Sacrococcygeal yolk sac tumor developing after teratoma: a clinicopathological study of pediatric sacrococcygeal germ cell tumors and a proposal of the pathogenesis of sacrococcygeal yolk sac tumors. J Pediatr Surg. 2013;48:776-81 pubmed publisher
    ..YST developed after SCT resection not only in patients with previously reported risk factors. We recommend that patients undergo serum AFP monitoring every 3months for?3years after SCT resection. ..
  26. Zepeda T J, García M M, Morales S J, Pantoja H M, Espinoza G A. [Caudal regression sequence: clinical-radiological case]. Rev Chil Pediatr. 2015;86:430-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Born in good conditions, the diagnosis was confirmed using X-rays and magnetic resonance. ..
  27. Weil L, Gracer R, Frauwirth N. Transforaminal epidural blood patch. Pain Physician. 2007;10:579-82 pubmed
    ..The patient recovered well without headache. In cases, with inability to perform interlaminar blood patch, a transforaminal approach may be considered. ..
  28. Shigemi D, Kamoi S, Matsuda A, Takeshita T. A Complicated Case of Pregnancy Involving a Presacral Epidermoid Cyst. J Nippon Med Sch. 2017;84:100-104 pubmed publisher
    ..There is no suggested criterion to make a decision for the delivery mode. The mass should be removed completely to reduce the risk of recurrence and malignant progression. ..
  29. Friederich L, Diguet A, Eurin D, Bachy B, Roman H, Marpeau L, et al. [A voluminous sacrococcygeal teratoma: prenatal diagnosis, in-utero treatment and obstetric management]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2007;35:1001-4 pubmed
    ..The management of delivery depends on associated anomalies, tumor vascularity and size. ..
  30. Bruns T, Bhadra N, Gustafson K. Intraurethral stimulation for reflex bladder activation depends on stimulation pattern and location. Neurourol Urodyn. 2009;28:561-6 pubmed publisher
    ..An improved understanding of the lower urinary tract neurophysiology will improve human studies and neuroprosthetic device development...
  31. Unal E, Koksal Y, Toy H, Gunel E, Acikgozoglu S. Neuroblastoma arising from an unresected sacrococcygeal teratoma in a child. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2010;32:233-5 pubmed
    ..In addition, when malignant transformation occurs, the treatment strategy must include surgery together with histology adapted systemic chemotherapy. ..
  32. Cannon M, Brett J. Comparison of how well conscious cats tolerate blood pressure measurement from the radial and coccygeal arteries. J Feline Med Surg. 2012;14:906-9 pubmed publisher
    ..When measuring BP in cats the site used should be recorded and the same site used for all subsequent measurements from the same cat. ..
  33. Leone Roberti Maggiore U, Alessandri F, Remorgida V, Venturini P, Ferrero S. Vaginal sacrospinous colpopexy using the Capio suture-capturing device versus traditional technique: feasibility and outcome. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2013;287:267-74 pubmed publisher
    ..9 % in the TSC group while in the CSC group they were 86.4 and 92.9 %. The modified technique of sacrospinous ligament fixation using the Capio device reduces the operative time and blood loss when compared to the traditional technique. ..
  34. ten Duis K, van Dalen T. [Diagnostic image (376). A man with a tumour in the anal seam]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2008;152:1322 pubmed
    ..A 50-year-old man presented with a sacral tumour due to a sacrococcygeal chordoma. ..
  35. Wee W, Tagore S, Tan J, Yeo G. Foetal sacrococcygeal teratoma: extremes in clinical presentation. Singapore Med J. 2011;52:e118-23 pubmed
    ..A baby boy was delivered by Caesarean section at 28 weeks. There was a large friable SCT with massive haemorrhage. Despite maximal resuscitative efforts, the neonate died 30 minutes after birth. ..
  36. Burdick L, Bergfeld W, Somani N, Piliang M. Subcutaneous myxopapillary ependymal rest: a potential sign of spinal dysraphism. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2011;65:851-854 pubmed publisher
    ..ependymal rests are heterotopias of neuroglial tissue that present in the subcutaneous tissue of the sacrococcygeal region. We report a case which presented as a flesh-colored, pedunculated papule near the gluteal cleft...
  37. Govaert B, Maeda Y, Alberga J, Buntzen S, Laurberg S, Baeten C. Medium-term outcome of sacral nerve modulation for constipation. Dis Colon Rectum. 2012;55:26-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies are needed to reassess the efficacy and sustainability of sacral nerve modulation. ..
  38. Gilleard W. Trunk motion and gait characteristics of pregnant women when walking: report of a longitudinal study with a control group. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2013;13:71 pubmed publisher
    ..Not all adaptations were resolved by eight weeks post birth. ..
  39. Williams J, Dorey C, Clark S, Clark C. The within-day and between-day reliability of using sacral accelerations to quantify balance performance. Phys Ther Sport. 2016;17:45-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The sacral mounted accelerometer reliably measured balance performance within- and between-days. The PL is the recommended metric as it was the most reliable, most discriminatory and most sensitive to change. ..
  40. Sebro R, Delaney T, Hornicek F, Schwab J, Choy E, Nielsen G, et al. Differences in sex distribution, anatomic location and MR imaging appearance of pediatric compared to adult chordomas. BMC Med Imaging. 2016;16:53 pubmed publisher
    ..99 × 10(-7)). Only 1.8 % (1/56) of the pediatric chordomas was in the sacrococcygeal region compared to 36.0 % (59/164) of the adult chordomas (P = 2.55 × 10(-8))...
  41. O Reilly B, Fynes M, Achtari C, Hiscock R, Thomas E, Murray C, et al. A prospective randomised double-blind controlled trial evaluating the effect of trans-sacral magnetic stimulation in women with overactive bladder. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2008;19:497-502 pubmed
    ..This attempt to promote trans-sacral electromagnetic neuromodulation with a specially created device was ineffective on the symptoms of OAB. ..
  42. Wishnia S, Rosen J, Hamid M, Haas S, Moreno Ruiz N. Management of a presacral teratoma in an adult. J Clin Oncol. 2008;26:2586-9 pubmed publisher
  43. Mann C, Lee J, Hillyer J, Stammers A, Tetzlaff W, Kwon B. Lack of robust neurologic benefits with simvastatin or atorvastatin treatment after acute thoracic spinal cord contusion injury. Exp Neurol. 2010;221:285-95 pubmed publisher
    ..We contend that further preclinical investigation of atorvastatin and simvastatin is warranted before considering their translation into human SCI...
  44. Emami Naeini P, Nejat F, Rahbar Z, Kajbafzadeh A, El Khashab M. Urological manifestations of sacral agenesis. J Pediatr Urol. 2012;8:181-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Considering the devastating consequences of this disease in the urinary tract, timely diagnosis, thorough evaluation and appropriate intervention are essential. ..
  45. Walsh N, Blanck A, Smith L, Cross M, Andersson L, Polito C. Use of a sacral silicone border foam dressing as one component of a pressure ulcer prevention program in an intensive care unit setting. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2012;39:146-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that the use of the dressing further diminished the incidence of sacral pressure ulcers in our patients. ..
  46. de Backer A, Madern G, Pieters R, Haentjens P, Hakvoort Cammel F, Oosterhuis J, et al. Influence of tumor site and histology on long-term survival in 193 children with extracranial germ cell tumors. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2008;18:1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..001). Mortality in children with extracranial germ cell tumors is not only dictated by malignant histology, but also, as in the case of mature teratomas, by occurrence at certain sites. ..
  47. Gupta N, Shah D, Singh U, Tiwari A. Antenatal diagnosis of large sacro-coccygeal teratoma with foetal cardiomegaly and hydrops. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 2008;6:383-5 pubmed
    ..A 20 weeks old foetus with a huge sacro-coccygeal mass, which was ruptured at many places and showed areas of active bleed, was expelled. ..
  48. Shetty R, Payne R. The Limberg flap in sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease. Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2010;71:511-3 pubmed
    ..This article describes a simple transposition flap which can be used for pilonidal sinus disease by general surgeons with good results. ..
  49. Statile C, Cnota J, Gomien S, Divanovic A, Crombleholme T, Michelfelder E. Estimated cardiac output and cardiovascular profile score in fetuses with high cardiac output lesions. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2013;41:54-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We aimed to test the hypothesis that elevated combined cardiac output (CCO) in fetuses with high output lesions may be associated with worsening cardiovascular status, as evidenced by a lower CVPS...
  50. Zhou S, Yang J, Meng Q, Ling Y. [Relationship between effect of sacral canal injection and different sections, types, courses of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2013;26:580-3 pubmed
    ..05%. The patients with short course, lower protrusion, type of posterolateral protrusion can obtained better effects, while the patients who meets the three conditions is appropriate mostly to sacral canal injection therapy. ..
  51. Castro Boix S, Coronado Llanos D, Pradell Teigell J, Nadal Guinard A. [Myxopapillary ependymoma in the sacral region]. Cir Esp. 2007;82:313-4 pubmed
  52. BERG G, Nyberg S, Harrison P, Baumchen J, Gurss E, Hennes E. Near-infrared spectroscopy measurement of sacral tissue oxygen saturation in healthy volunteers immobilized on rigid spine boards. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2010;14:419-24 pubmed publisher
    ..This research indicates that there are detrimental effects of spine board immobilization in healthy volunteers, which suggests that pressure ulcer formation may begin prior to hospital admission with immobilization on an RSB. ..
  53. Ho K, Soundappan S, Walker K, Badawi N. Sacrococcygeal teratoma: the 13-year experience of a tertiary paediatric centre. J Paediatr Child Health. 2011;47:287-91 pubmed publisher
    ..While this is a small series, our results are consistent with the literature. Important components of management include timely diagnosis, multidisciplinary planning, long-term follow-up and intervention for functional sequelae. ..
  54. Shao Z, Wang B, Wu Y, Zhang Z, Wu Q, Yang S. CT-guided percutaneous injection of fibrin glue for the therapy of symptomatic arachnoid cysts. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011;32:1469-73 pubmed publisher
    ..CT-guided percutaneous fibrin glue therapy is a new nonsurgical alternative. To evaluate the efficacy of the novel nonsurgical approach, we conducted this retrospective study of 38 patients...
  55. Lund T, Oxland T. Adjacent level disk disease--is it really a fusion disease?. Orthop Clin North Am. 2011;42:529-41, viii pubmed publisher
    ..Further, the theoretical advantage of motion-preserving technologies that aim to preserve the adjacent segment is discussed. ..
  56. Kahraman K, Ortac F, Kankaya D, Aynaoğlu G. Uterine carcinosarcoma associated with pelvic radiotherapy for sacral chordoma: a case report. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2012;51:89-92 pubmed publisher
    ..These tumors may occur simultaneously with recurrence of primary tumor previously treated by adjuvant radiation therapy. ..
  57. Wilkinson C, Manchester D, Keating R, Ketch L, Winston K. Syndromic craniosynostosis, fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) mutations, and sacrococcygeal eversion presenting as human tails. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28:1221-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Perhaps increased FGFR2 activation during this embryonic period leads to abnormal differentiation or regression of the tail bud and, in turn, sacrococcygeal eversion, in certain patients with severe syndromic craniosynostosis. ..
  58. Sun Z, Zhu L, Hu H, Lang J, Shi H, Gong X. Medium-term outcomes after combined trachelectomy and uterosacral ligament suspension among young women with severe uterine prolapse. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2016;132:224-8 pubmed publisher
    ..8, P=0.52). Trachelectomy combined with LHUS produced satisfactory medium-term anatomic and functional outcomes for young women with severe uterine prolapse. ..
  59. Mun G, Jo Y, Lim S, Hyon W, Bang S, Oh K. Pedicled perforator flap of stellate design. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2008;61:1332-7 pubmed
    ..This design would be a valuable option for planning a pedicled perforator flap, particularly when a difficult donor closure is expected. ..
  60. Drews S, Matsuura M, Putz R. The trabecular architecture of the superior articular process of the lumbar spine (L2-S1). Surg Radiol Anat. 2008;30:209-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, this study shows the material distribution within the cancellous bone adapts to these specific stress conditions the facet joints are exposed to. ..
  61. Bartels S, van Koperen P, van der Steeg A, Deurloo E, Bemelman W, Heij H. Presacral masses in children: presentation, aetiology and risk of malignancy. Colorectal Dis. 2011;13:930-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Congenital presacral tumours in children were mostly mature teratomas, either as sacrococcygeal teratomas or as part of the Currarino syndrome. The risk of malignancy in patients older than 1 year necessitates early surgical resection. ..
  62. Tonolini M, Ravelli A, Campari A, Bianco R. Comprehensive MRI diagnosis of sacral osteomyelitis and multiple muscle abscesses as a rare complication of fistulizing Crohn's disease. J Crohns Colitis. 2011;5:473-6 pubmed publisher
  63. Carli D, Garagnani L, Lando M, Fairplay T, Bernasconi S, Landi A, et al. VACTERL (vertebral defects, anal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia, cardiac defects, renal and limb anomalies) association: disease spectrum in 25 patients ascertained for their upper limb involvement. J Pediatr. 2014;164:458-62.e1-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Odontoid and coccygeal hypoplasia and sacral dimple are newly reported malformations of the VACTERL phenotype. ..
  64. Molina Vital R, de Santiago Valenzuela J, de Lira Barraza R. Sacrococcygeal teratoma: case report. Medwave. 2015;15:e6137 pubmed publisher
    ..El estudio anatomopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de teratoma sacrococcígeo. La evolución posoperatoria inmediata y su condición en la actualidad, son satisfactorias. ..
  65. Combs S, Kalbe A, Nikoghosyan A, Ackermann B, Jäkel O, Haberer T, et al. Carbon ion radiotherapy performed as re-irradiation using active beam delivery in patients with tumors of the brain, skull base and sacral region. Radiother Oncol. 2011;98:63-7 pubmed publisher
    ..With carbon ions, the additional biological benefits may be exploited for long-term tumor control. Further evaluation in a larger patients' cohort will be performed in the future. ..
  66. Moon S, Kim N, Choi J, Yi J. Acute coccydynia related to precoccygeal calcific tendinitis. Skeletal Radiol. 2012;41:473-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Sudden-onset coccydynia can lead to the discovery of calcific deposition in the precoccygeal region. We present the case of precoccygeal calcific tendinitis in a patient with acute coccydynia...
  67. McGregor C, Katz S, Harpham M. Management of a parturient with an anterior sacral meningocele. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2013;22:64-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The successful multidisciplinary management of a primiparous patient with an anterior sacral meningocele and previous abdominal surgery is presented. ..
  68. Santin Amo J, Puñal Rodríguez J, Frieiro Dantas C, Serramito García R, Beiras Sarasquete C. [Sacrococcygeal chordoma]. Rev Neurol. 2013;57:471-2 pubmed
  69. Soll C, Hahnloser D, Dindo D, Clavien P, Hetzer F. A novel approach for treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus: less is more. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2008;23:177-80 pubmed
    ..The median time off work was 2 weeks. The median wound healing time was 5 weeks. Limited excision for PS can be done in an outpatient setting with a low recurrence rate and short time off work. ..
  70. Sciubba D, Nelson C, Gok B, McGirt M, McLoughlin G, Noggle J, et al. Evaluation of factors associated with postoperative infection following sacral tumor resection. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008;9:593-9 pubmed publisher
  71. Rodriguez M, Cass D, Lazar D, Cassady C, Moise K, Johnson A, et al. Tumor volume to fetal weight ratio as an early prognostic classification for fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. J Pediatr Surg. 2011;46:1182-5 pubmed publisher
    ..12. In our series of fetuses with SCT, TFR before 24 weeks' gestation correlates with outcome. This novel, prenatal diagnostic tool may be useful in prenatal counseling and for early identification of high-risk fetuses. ..
  72. Haddad H, Dejean C, Henriques de Figueiredo B, Sargos P, Caron J, Stoeckle E, et al. [Helical tomotherapy for axial and paraspinal tumours: experience of Institut Bergonié (14 cases)]. Cancer Radiother. 2011;15:404-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Results from this preliminary series are encouraging, particularly concerning the good tolerance of this new intensity-modulated radiotherapy presently more available than proton therapy. ..
  73. Chen C, Chen P, Yao M, Chu J, Chan W. MRI of hemangioblastoma in the conus medullaris. Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2008;32:78-81 pubmed
    ..Histological findings were compatible with the diagnosis of hemangioblastoma. Hemangioblastoma should be included in the differential diagnosis in patients with an enhancing tumor and adjacent engorged vessels of the spinal cord...
  74. Canelles E, Roig J, Cantos M, García Armengol J, Barreiro E, Villalba F, et al. [Presacral tumors. Analysis of 20 surgically treated patients]. Cir Esp. 2009;85:371-7 pubmed publisher
  75. Krenova Z, Elstnerova L, Dolezel Z, Kren L. Caudal regression syndrome in one of dizygotic twins. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2010;29:419-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Selective involvement of only one twin suggests that factors other than hyperglycemia and 7q deletions may be involved in the pathogenesis. ..
  76. Li Y, Shen B. Successful endoscopic needle knife therapy combined with topical doxycycline injection of chronic sinus at ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Colorectal Dis. 2012;14:e197-9 pubmed publisher
    ..After six sessions of the endoscopic therapy, the refractory sinus was completely healed. ? The Doppler ultrasound guided endoscopy therapy may provide an alternative treatment option for the patients with anastomotic sinus. ..
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    ..Glomus tumors are rare vascular tumors. The usual presentation is a solitary nodule in the distal portion of a digit, but can also occur wherever, with localizations unaccustomed and disconcerting. ..
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    ..In this case, nasotracheal intubation and the insertion of a central venous line were necessary and useful for the anesthetic management of the resection of giant sacrococcygeal teratoma. ..
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    ..This tongue-inflamed model might be useful for future studies to further elucidate molecular and cellular mechanisms of pathological tongue pain such as burning mouth syndrome. ..
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    ..Postmortem examination of the fetus confirmed the presence of a type 2 benign immature teratoma. ..
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    ..Moreover, PIVS also cured enterocele as an additional advantageous over ASCP. Besides, PIVS has significantly improved stress urinary incontinence, nocturia, and pelvic pain in terms of lower urinary tract symptoms compared to ASCP. ..
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    ..Sonographic images indicating a closed sacral canal and sacral diameters ranging from 1.2 to 1.6mm may suggest a higher failure rate in caudal epidural injection. ..
  88. Isome K, Matsubara K, Taki T, Nigami H, Yura K, Iwata A, et al. Spinal cord compression by epidural involvement over 21 vertebral levels in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2011;33:153-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, this patient has shown the most extensive epidural involvement among ALL patients previously reported. ..
  89. Weum S, de Weerd L. The butterfly design as an alternative to the "double-A bilateral flaps for the treatment of large sacral defects. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008;121:1513-4; author reply 1514-5 pubmed publisher
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  91. Jidveianu N, Puscasiu L, Vonica O. Newborn's giant sacrococcigeal teratoma. Chirurgia (Bucur). 2010;105:423-5 pubmed
    ..Postoperatory evolution was good. The newborn lived hospital healed in the 14th day. The histopatologic exam confirmed that the tumor was benign. Later evolution was good. ..
  92. Kara M, Ylmaz E, Eminli I, Toz E, Avc I, Oge T, et al. Case report: sacral parasitic twins. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2010;37:240-1 pubmed
    ..This case, which involved a tumoral formation at the sacral region in the antenatal period, was detected during delivery. A sacral parasite is a rarely seen phenomenon and as such the diagnostic information of this case could be useful. ..