retroperitoneal space

Summary

Summary: An area occupying the most posterior aspect of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. It is bounded laterally by the borders of the quadratus lumborum muscles and extends from the DIAPHRAGM to the brim of the true PELVIS, where it continues as the pelvic extraperitoneal space.

Top Publications

  1. Desai M, Strzempkowski B, Matin S, Steinberg A, Ng C, Meraney A, et al. Prospective randomized comparison of transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. J Urol. 2005;173:38-41 pubmed
    ..We report on a prospective randomized comparison of transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal tumor...
  2. Kudo T, Kawakami H, Kuwatani M, Ehira N, Yamato H, Eto K, et al. Three cases of retroperitoneal schwannoma diagnosed by EUS-FNA. World J Gastroenterol. 2011;17:3459-64 pubmed publisher
    ..All tumors demonstrated no enlargement and no change in characteristics. Schwannomas are almost always benign and can be observed following diagnosis by EUS-FNA...
  3. Li G, Dong J, Lu J, Zu Q, Yang S, Li H, et al. Anatomical variation of the posterior lumbar tributaries of the left renal vein in retroperitoneoscopic left living donor nephrectomy. Int J Urol. 2011;18:503-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To increase awareness of the anatomical variation of the posterior lumbar tributaries of the left renal vein in retroperitoneoscopic left living donor nephrectomy...
  4. Ikawa K, Mikamo H, Morikawa N, Ikeda K, Tamaya T. Penetration into and exposure of cefozopran in pelvic retroperitoneal space exudate. J Infect Chemother. 2008;14:170-1 pubmed publisher
    This study aimed to examine the penetration into and exposure of cefozopran in the pelvic retroperitoneal space exudate of patients undergoing radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy...
  5. Heidenreich A, Thüer D, Polyakov S. Postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in advanced germ cell tumours of the testis. Eur Urol. 2008;53:260-72 pubmed
    ..PC-RPLND requires a complex surgical approach and should be performed in experienced, tertiary referral centres only. ..
  6. Chen J, Yu C, Pai C, Chan D, Chen C, Yu J, et al. Castleman's disease in the left upper retroperitoneal space mimicking an adrenal neoplasm: report of a case and literature review. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2005;35:353-6 pubmed
    ..We report a case of a 51-year-old woman with a Castleman's tumor located superomedial to the upper pole of the left kidney that mimicked an adrenal neoplasm. ..
  7. Tambo M, Fujimoto K, Miyake M, Hoshiyama F, Matsushita C, Hirao Y. Clinicopathological review of 46 primary retroperitoneal tumors. Int J Urol. 2007;14:785-8 pubmed
    ..Preoperative biopsy should be considered for selection of the appropriate treatment particularly in patients that are likely to have malignant lymphoma that could not be diagnosed definitively by the clinical and imaging findings. ..
  8. Walz M, Alesina P, Wenger F, Deligiannis A, Szuczik E, Petersenn S, et al. Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy--results of 560 procedures in 520 patients. Surgery. 2006;140:943-8; discussion 948-50 pubmed
    ..The posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe and fast procedure. In experienced hands, this method represents the ideal approach in adrenal surgery. ..
  9. Kawano R, Nishie A, Yoshimitsu K, Irie H, Tajima T, Hirakawa M, et al. Retroperitoneal well-differentiated inflammatory liposarcoma: a diagnostic dilemma. Radiat Med. 2008;26:450-3 pubmed publisher
    ..In this entity, a lipomatous component could easily be missed on radiologic imaging because of the conspicuity of lymphoid infiltration. We should consider the possibility of this variant when we evaluate a retroperitoneal tumor...
  10. Moskowitz R, Young J, Box G, Paré L, Clayman R. Retroperitoneal transdiaphragmatic robotic-assisted laparoscopic resection of a left thoracolumbar neurofibroma. JSLS. 2009;13:64-8 pubmed
    ..This report describes the first use of robotic technology to resect a left thoracolumbar neurofibroma...

Detail Information

Publications72

  1. Desai M, Strzempkowski B, Matin S, Steinberg A, Ng C, Meraney A, et al. Prospective randomized comparison of transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. J Urol. 2005;173:38-41 pubmed
    ..We report on a prospective randomized comparison of transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal tumor...
  2. Kudo T, Kawakami H, Kuwatani M, Ehira N, Yamato H, Eto K, et al. Three cases of retroperitoneal schwannoma diagnosed by EUS-FNA. World J Gastroenterol. 2011;17:3459-64 pubmed publisher
    ..All tumors demonstrated no enlargement and no change in characteristics. Schwannomas are almost always benign and can be observed following diagnosis by EUS-FNA...
  3. Li G, Dong J, Lu J, Zu Q, Yang S, Li H, et al. Anatomical variation of the posterior lumbar tributaries of the left renal vein in retroperitoneoscopic left living donor nephrectomy. Int J Urol. 2011;18:503-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To increase awareness of the anatomical variation of the posterior lumbar tributaries of the left renal vein in retroperitoneoscopic left living donor nephrectomy...
  4. Ikawa K, Mikamo H, Morikawa N, Ikeda K, Tamaya T. Penetration into and exposure of cefozopran in pelvic retroperitoneal space exudate. J Infect Chemother. 2008;14:170-1 pubmed publisher
    This study aimed to examine the penetration into and exposure of cefozopran in the pelvic retroperitoneal space exudate of patients undergoing radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy...
  5. Heidenreich A, Thüer D, Polyakov S. Postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in advanced germ cell tumours of the testis. Eur Urol. 2008;53:260-72 pubmed
    ..PC-RPLND requires a complex surgical approach and should be performed in experienced, tertiary referral centres only. ..
  6. Chen J, Yu C, Pai C, Chan D, Chen C, Yu J, et al. Castleman's disease in the left upper retroperitoneal space mimicking an adrenal neoplasm: report of a case and literature review. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2005;35:353-6 pubmed
    ..We report a case of a 51-year-old woman with a Castleman's tumor located superomedial to the upper pole of the left kidney that mimicked an adrenal neoplasm. ..
  7. Tambo M, Fujimoto K, Miyake M, Hoshiyama F, Matsushita C, Hirao Y. Clinicopathological review of 46 primary retroperitoneal tumors. Int J Urol. 2007;14:785-8 pubmed
    ..Preoperative biopsy should be considered for selection of the appropriate treatment particularly in patients that are likely to have malignant lymphoma that could not be diagnosed definitively by the clinical and imaging findings. ..
  8. Walz M, Alesina P, Wenger F, Deligiannis A, Szuczik E, Petersenn S, et al. Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy--results of 560 procedures in 520 patients. Surgery. 2006;140:943-8; discussion 948-50 pubmed
    ..The posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe and fast procedure. In experienced hands, this method represents the ideal approach in adrenal surgery. ..
  9. Kawano R, Nishie A, Yoshimitsu K, Irie H, Tajima T, Hirakawa M, et al. Retroperitoneal well-differentiated inflammatory liposarcoma: a diagnostic dilemma. Radiat Med. 2008;26:450-3 pubmed publisher
    ..In this entity, a lipomatous component could easily be missed on radiologic imaging because of the conspicuity of lymphoid infiltration. We should consider the possibility of this variant when we evaluate a retroperitoneal tumor...
  10. Moskowitz R, Young J, Box G, Paré L, Clayman R. Retroperitoneal transdiaphragmatic robotic-assisted laparoscopic resection of a left thoracolumbar neurofibroma. JSLS. 2009;13:64-8 pubmed
    ..This report describes the first use of robotic technology to resect a left thoracolumbar neurofibroma...
  11. Oida Y, Shimizu K, Mukai M, Imaizumi T, Nakamura M, Makuuchi H. FDG-PET and diffusion-weighted MR imaging appearance in retroperitoneal Castleman's disease: a case report. Clin Imaging. 2008;32:144-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A case of young woman having the plasma cell type of retroperitoneal Castleman's disease is reported, and radiological findings of the condition are discussed with a review of the radiological literature. ..
  12. Ye J, Huang Y, Hou X, Zhao L, Wang G, Tian X, et al. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy: a cost-effective approach. Urology. 2010;75:92-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The initial retroperitoneal space was created by insertion of a rubber catheter attached to a saline-filled midfinger of a glove...
  13. Barczynski M, Konturek A, Gołkowski F, Cichoń S, Huszno B, Peitgen K, et al. Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy: a comparison between the initial experience in the invention phase and introductory phase of the new surgical technique. World J Surg. 2007;31:65-71 pubmed
    ..After comprehensive training, the operative time and conversion rate are dramatically reduced, allowing for a short learning period. ..
  14. Tani C, Nosaka S, Masaki H, Kuroda T, Honna T. Spontaneous perforation of choledochal cyst: a case with unusual distribution of fluid in the retroperitoneal space. Pediatr Radiol. 2009;39:629-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Anterior pararenal and perirenal spaces communicate with the infrarenal space, and this may result in extension of the fluid into the perirenal space from the anterior pararenal space...
  15. Sundqvist P, Feuk U, Häggman M, Persson A, Stridsberg M, Wadstrom J. Hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic live donor nephrectomy in comparison to open and laparoscopic procedures: a prospective study on donor morbidity and kidney function. Transplantation. 2004;78:147-53 pubmed
    ..The aim was to examine the perioperative and postoperative morbidity, and the effects of the different surgical techniques with regard to renal function...
  16. Kohei N, Kazuya O, Hirai T, Miyauchi Y, Iida S, Shirakawa H, et al. Retroperitoneoscopic living donor nephrectomy: experience of 425 cases at a single center. J Endourol. 2010;24:1783-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess the safety, feasibility, and usefulness of RPLDN, we reviewed the experience with this technique at our institution...
  17. Gao J, Guo G, Jie Z, Wei W, Xu A, Dong J, et al. A fast method to identify renal vessels during retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. J Endourol. 2008;22:1705-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate a fast method to identify renal vessels during retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy...
  18. Stattaus J, Kalkmann J, Kuehl H, Metz K, Nowrousian M, Forsting M, et al. Diagnostic yield of computed tomography-guided coaxial core biopsy of undetermined masses in the free retroperitoneal space: single-center experience. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2008;31:919-25 pubmed publisher
    ..a retrospective analysis of CT-guided coaxial core biopsies of undetermined masses in the non-organ-bound retroperitoneal space in 49 patients...
  19. Lattouf J, Jeschke S, Janetschek G. Laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection: technique. BJU Int. 2007;100:1415-29 pubmed
  20. Ernits M, Mohan P, Fares L, Hardy H. A retroperitoneal bleed induced by enoxaparin therapy. Am Surg. 2005;71:430-3 pubmed
    ..On average, a retroperitoneal hematoma occurs within 5 days of therapy with enoxaparin. In high-risk patients, enoxaparin activity (anti-factor Xa) should be carefully monitored...
  21. Modi P, Kadam G, Devra A. Obtaining cuff of inferior vena cava by use of the Endo-TA stapler in retroperitoneoscopic right-side donor nephrectomy. Urology. 2007;69:832-4 pubmed
    ..To determine the feasibility of obtaining an adequate cuff of the inferior vena cava (IVC) for vascular anastomosis during retroperitoneoscopic donor nephrectomy...
  22. Kim M, Ha Y, Yang M, Yoon D, Kim K, Kim H, et al. Robot-assisted anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) using retroperitoneal approach. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2010;152:675-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We have, therefore, performed experimental anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) using retroperitoneal approach in swine model to test the feasibility of robot-assisted surgery in spinal surgery...
  23. Flechon A, Tavernier E, Boyle H, Meeus P, Rivoire M, Droz J. Long-term oncological outcome after post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in men with metastatic nonseminomatous germ cell tumour. BJU Int. 2010;106:779-85 pubmed publisher
  24. Kaneko G, Shirakawa H, Kozakai N, Hara S, Nishiyama T, Shitoh M, et al. [A case of chronic expanding hematoma in retroperitoneal space]. Hinyokika Kiyo. 2009;55:603-6 pubmed
    ..A fibrous capsule was noted and most of the mass was blood clot-like tissue. The histopathological diagnosis was chronic expanding hematoma with no malignancy. A retroperitoneal chronic expanding hematoma has very rarely been reported...
  25. Pyo P, Chen A, Grasso M. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: surgical experience and outcomes. J Urol. 2008;180:1279-83 pubmed publisher
    ..We present outcomes in 110 consecutive patients who underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy performed in a 72-month period by a single surgeon (MG)...
  26. Liapis D, De La Taille A, Ploussard G, Robert G, Bastien L, Hoznek A, et al. Analysis of complications from 600 retroperitoneoscopic procedures of the upper urinary tract during the last 10 years. World J Urol. 2008;26:523-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study is to review 10 years experience of retroperitoneoscopy procedures...
  27. Wright J, Porter J. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: comparison of transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches. J Urol. 2005;174:841-5 pubmed
    ..Previous reports include transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches but to our knowledge the indications for when to apply the techniques have not been defined. We report our experience with comparing the 2 techniques...
  28. Varela J. Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma in a morbidly obese. Obes Surg. 2009;19:1180-2 pubmed publisher
    ..It is known that laparoscopic techniques in the morbidly obese may be challenging; therefore, alternative approaches such as the retroperitoneoscopic may prove to be of value in the morbidly obese...
  29. Makiyama K, Fujinami K, Suzuki K, Sugiura S, Teranishi J, Sano F, et al. [Safe retroperitoneoscopic radical nephrectomy with small incision for renal cell carcinoma]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi. 2004;95:669-74 pubmed
    ..Three surgeons have become skilled in performing RRN without major complications. We investigated the outcomes of the surgery and attempt to clarify whether the technique we adopted is suitable to perform this procedure safely...
  30. Davenport K, Minervini A, Timoney A, Keeley F. Our experience with retroperitoneal and transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty for pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction. Eur Urol. 2005;48:973-7 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to report our experience with laparoscopic pyeloplasty...
  31. Gockel I, Kneist W, Heintz A, Beyer J, Junginger T. Endoscopic adrenalectomy: an analysis of the transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches and results of a prospective follow-up study. Surg Endosc. 2005;19:569-73 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to determine which of these is the optimal surgical technique in a prospectively designed analysis of a large series of patients operated on by a single team over a 10-year period...
  32. Li H, Yan W, Ji Z, Xu W, Wang H, Ting W, et al. Experience of retroperitoneal laparoscopic treatment on pheochromocytoma. Urology. 2011;77:131-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the safety and efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic resection for pheochromocytoma...
  33. Li Q, Li F. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy in pheochromocytoma: retroperitoneal approach versus transperitoneal approach. J Endourol. 2010;24:1441-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes of transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches in laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) for pheochromocytoma...
  34. Beck S, Foster R, Bihrle R, Donohue J, Einhorn L. Is full bilateral retroperitoneal lymph node dissection always necessary for postchemotherapy residual tumor?. Cancer. 2007;110:1235-40 pubmed
    ..With the primary landing zone well defined in low-volume retroperitoneal disease, the authors performed modified dissections in the PC setting in a select population; and, herein, they report disease outcome...
  35. Subramanian V, Nguyen C, Stephenson A, Klein E. Complications of open primary and post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for testicular cancer. Urol Oncol. 2010;28:504-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We sought to compare the complication profile of primary (P-) and post-chemotherapy (PC-) RPLND using a standardized complication grading scale...
  36. Troppmann C, Daily M, McVicar J, Troppmann K, Perez R. The transition from laparoscopic to retroperitoneoscopic live donor nephrectomy: a matched pair pilot study. Transplantation. 2010;89:858-63 pubmed publisher
    ..RetroNeph, however, is infrequently performed and has not been systematically and directly compared with LapNeph in nonselected donors...
  37. Ryu D, Park W, Oh T. Retroperitoneal laparoendoscopic single-site surgery in urology: initial experience. J Endourol. 2009;23:1857-62 pubmed publisher
    ..To present our initial experience with single-port laparoscopic urologic surgery via the retroperitoneal approach using the Alexis wound retractor with flexible laparoscopic instrumentation...
  38. Permpongkosol S, Lima G, Warlick C, Allaf M, Varkarakis I, Bagga H, et al. Postchemotherapy laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection: evaluation of complications. Urology. 2007;69:361-5 pubmed
    ..This report reviewed the complication rate with additional experience...
  39. Carver B, Shayegan B, Serio A, Motzer R, Bosl G, Sheinfeld J. Long-term clinical outcome after postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in men with residual teratoma. J Clin Oncol. 2007;25:1033-7 pubmed
    ..We evaluated patients at our institution undergoing initial PC-RPLND for teratoma to determine their clinical outcome...
  40. Allemann P, Perretta S, Marescaux J. Surgical access to the adrenal gland: the quest for a "no visible scar" approach. Surg Oncol. 2009;18:131-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Whether clinical applications will ultimately be derived of this concept is still not clear certainly it raises new possibilities for interesting developments...
  41. Porpiglia F, Terrone C, Cracco C, Cossu M, Grande S, Musso F, et al. Early ligature of renal artery during radical laparoscopic transperitoneal nephrectomy: description of standard technique and direct access. J Endourol. 2005;19:623-6; discussion 626-7 pubmed
    ..We compared two techniques of early ligature of the renal artery during transperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy: a standard technique and a direct approach to the artery...
  42. Rieger R, Pedevilla S. Retroperitoneoscopic lumbar sympathectomy for the treatment of plantar hyperhidrosis: technique and preliminary findings. Surg Endosc. 2007;21:129-35 pubmed
    ..This article reports the authors' experience with endoscopic lumbar sympathectomies for patients with plantar hyperhidrosis...
  43. Capitanio U, Jeldres C, Perrotte P, Isbarn H, Crepel M, Cloutier V, et al. Population-based study of perioperative mortality after retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for nonseminomatous testicular germ cell tumors. Urology. 2009;74:373-7 pubmed publisher
    ..8% for postchemotherapy RPLND) are applicable to institutions at large...
  44. Perretta S, Allemann P, Asakuma M, Dallemagne B, Marescaux J. Adrenalectomy using natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES): a transvaginal retroperitoneal approach. Surg Endosc. 2009;23:1390 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to explore transvaginal retroperitoneal right and left adrenalectomies in porcine and cadaver models...
  45. Luz M, Kotb A, Aldousari S, Brimo F, Tanguay S, Kassouf W, et al. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for residual masses after chemotherapy in nonseminomatous germ cell testicular tumor. World J Surg Oncol. 2010;8:97 pubmed publisher
    ..There remains some debate as to the clinical benefit and associated morbidity. Our objective was to report our experience with PC-RPLND in NSGCT...
  46. Wu Z, Yu J, Qi F, Xu Y, Li Z, Qi L. Novel method for double-J stenting in retroperitoneal laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty. Urology. 2011;77:354-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe a novel technique of double-J stenting in laparoscopic pyeloplasty...
  47. Tai H, Lai M, Chueh S, Chen S, Hsieh M, Yu H. An alternative access technique under direct vision for preperitoneoscopic pelvic surgery: easier for the beginners. Ann Surg Oncol. 2008;15:2589-93 pubmed publisher
    ..We present an alternative access technique to facilitate preperitoneoscopic (extraperitoneal laparoscopic) approach for radical prostatectomy, herniorrhaphy, and other pelvic procedures...
  48. Xiao G, Mccash S, Unger P. Paraganglia mimicking metastatic seminomatous tumor. Int J Surg Pathol. 2011;19:534-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Awareness of the presence of paraganglia and their distinction from metastatic disease is of practical importance in avoiding an overdiagnosis of malignancy and assuring proper patient management...
  49. Schreinemakers J, Kiela G, Valk G, Vriens M, Rinkes I. Retroperitoneal endoscopic adrenalectomy is safe and effective. Br J Surg. 2010;97:1667-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to review an experience with retroperitoneal endoscopic adrenalectomy (REA). This is the procedure of choice for adrenal tumours at this institution...
  50. Smith W, Moore E, Osborn P, Agudelo J, Morgan S, Parekh A, et al. Retroperitoneal packing as a resuscitation technique for hemodynamically unstable patients with pelvic fractures: report of two representative cases and a description of technique. J Trauma. 2005;59:1510-4 pubmed
  51. Pathi R, Voyvodic F, Thompson W. Spontaneous extraperitoneal haemorrhage: computed tomography diagnosis and treatment by selective arterial embolization. Australas Radiol. 2004;48:123-8 pubmed
    ..In all four cases presented in the present paper, the bleeding vessel(s) were identified and significant active bleeding arrested by transcatheter embolization...
  52. Bachmann A, Dickenmann M, Gurke L, Giannini O, Langer I, Gasser T, et al. Retroperitoneoscopic living donor nephrectomy: a retrospective comparison to the open approach. Transplantation. 2004;78:168-71 pubmed
    ..As a result of the direct access, RLDN is superior in terms of operation time, even to the open access on our series, while maintaining the advantage of minimal invasiveness...
  53. Isokangas J, Perälä J. Endovascular embolization of spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage secondary to anticoagulant treatment. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2004;27:607-11 pubmed
    ..Embolization seems to be an effective and safe method to control the bleeding in patients with RPH secondary to anticoagulant treatment when conservative treatment is insufficient...
  54. Zangos S, Eichler K, Wetter A, Lehnert T, Hammerstingl R, Diebold T, et al. MR-guided biopsies of lesions in the retroperitoneal space: technique and results. Eur Radiol. 2006;16:307-12 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and precision of MRI-guided biopsies of retroperitoneal space-occupying tumors in an open low-field system...
  55. Zhang X, Li H, Wang S, Ma X, Zheng T, Fu B, et al. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty: experience with 50 cases. Urology. 2005;66:514-7 pubmed
    ..To report our techniques and experience with retroperitoneal laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction...
  56. Wadstrom J. Hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic live donor nephrectomy: experience from the first 75 consecutive cases. Transplantation. 2005;80:1060-6 pubmed
    ..A combined technique-hand-assisted and retroperitoneoscopic (HARS)-reduces the risk of these life-threatening complications. In this study, we report on our experience from the first 75 consecutive HARS operations...
  57. Zacharopoulou C, Nassif J, Allemann P, Dallemagne B, Perretta S, Marescaux J, et al. Exploration of the retroperitoneum using the transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery technique. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2009;16:198-203 pubmed publisher
    ..No perforation occurred during the survival study. An excellent view of the retroperitoneal space and structures, such as the vascular and lymphatic tissues, the kidney, the adrenal gland, and the ureter, ..
  58. Zacharias M, Haese A, Jurczok A, Stolzenburg J, Fornara P. Transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy: outline of the preoperative management, surgical approach, and outcome. Eur Urol. 2006;49:448-59 pubmed
    ..This article describes in detail the indications, contraindications, preoperative evaluation, surgical technique, management of intraoperative complications, and outcome after lateral transperitoneal adrenalectomy...
  59. Dogra P, Gautam G, Ansari M. Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy for phaeochromocytoma in a morbidly obese patient: a case report. Int Urol Nephrol. 2007;39:99-101 pubmed
    ..Postoperatively her recovery was rapid and uneventful with stabilisation of blood pressure and relief of symptoms, thereby emphasising the safety and efficacy of retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy in morbidly obese patients...
  60. Steiner H, Zangerl F, Stöhr B, Granig T, Ho H, Bartsch G, et al. Results of bilateral nerve sparing laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for testicular cancer. J Urol. 2008;180:1348-52; discussion 1352-3 pubmed publisher
    ..We evaluated the feasibility and early oncological outcome of a laparoscopic nerve sparing bilateral retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. The surgical technique is described...
  61. Walz M, Alesina P. Single access retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (SARA)--one step beyond in endocrine surgery. Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2009;394:447-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Today, endoscopic adrenalectomy has become a gold standard in endocrine surgery...
  62. Gjertsen H, Sandberg A, Wadstrom J, Tyden G, Ericzon B. Introduction of hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic living donor nephrectomy at Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge. Transplant Proc. 2006;38:2644-5 pubmed
    ..So far in our hands HARS is a fast and safe procedure with results comparable with open LDN. Compared to LLDN, we experienced reduced operation time together with the advantage of retroperitoneal access...
  63. Song T, Shen J, Liang B, Mai W, Li Y, Guo H. Retroperitoneal liposarcoma: MR characteristics and pathological correlative analysis. Abdom Imaging. 2007;32:668-74 pubmed
    ..Moreover, there has been little in the literature to compare the MRI features with pathological appearances of the retroperitoneal liposarcomas...
  64. De Bazelaire C, Farges C, Mathieu O, Zagdanski A, Bourrier P, Frija J, et al. Blunt-tip coaxial introducer: a revisited tool for difficult CT-guided biopsy in the chest and abdomen. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009;193:W144-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe a coaxial introducer provided with an additional blunt-tip stylet that allows safe access to difficult-to-reach lymph nodes in the chest, abdomen, and pelvis under CT control...
  65. Hakimi A, Faiena I, Kaleya R, Ghavamian R. Retroperitoneal Castleman's disease. Urology. 2010;76:1379 pubmed publisher
    ..The patient underwent a wide excision of the mass as well as a radical nephrectomy and lymph node dissection by means of a thoracoabdominal approach. Final pathology revealed a large lymphatic mass consistent with Castleman's disease...
  66. Hirano D, Minei S, Yamaguchi K, Yoshikawa T, Hachiya T, Yoshida T, et al. Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenal tumors via a single large port. J Endourol. 2005;19:788-92 pubmed
    ..This study reports the outcomes of retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (RA) for adrenal tumors via a single port using a large cylinder without carbon dioxide insufflation...
  67. Zhang X, Lang B, OuYang J, Fu B, Zhang J, Xu K, et al. Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy without previous control of adrenal vein is feasible and safe for pheochromocytoma. Urology. 2007;69:849-53 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma and report our experience in adrenalectomy without previous control of the adrenal vein...
  68. Albqami N, Janetschek G. Laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph-node dissection in the management of clinical stage I and II testicular cancer. J Endourol. 2005;19:683-92; discussion 692 pubmed
    ..In this overview, we present our technique and results in comparison with the worldwide experience with laparoscopic RPLND in the management of clinical stage I and II cancers...
  69. Irisawa M, Tsukuda S, Amanuma M, Heshiki A, Kuroda I, Ogawa F, et al. Chronic expanding hematoma in the retroperitoneal space: a case report. Radiat Med. 2005;23:116-20 pubmed
    ..The patient was a 70-year-old man. An 18 cm mass was detected in the right retroperitoneal space on abdominal CT screening...
  70. White W, Goel R, Kaouk J. Single-port laparoscopic retroperitoneal surgery: initial operative experience and comparative outcomes. Urology. 2009;73:1279-82 pubmed publisher
    ..To present the initial operative outcomes and comparative data among patients undergoing single-port laparoscopic retroperitoneal surgery (SPLRS)...
  71. Calestroupat J, Sanchez Salas R, Cathelineau X, Rozet F, Galiano M, Smyth G, et al. Postchemotherapy laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in nonseminomatous germ-cell tumor. J Endourol. 2009;23:645-50 pubmed publisher
    ..We determined to assess the feasibility and complications of laparoscopic RPLND in patients who were treated with induction chemotherapy for testis cancer...
  72. Williams S, McDermott D, Dock W, Bahnson E, Berry A, Steele G, et al. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in patients with high risk testicular cancer. J Urol. 2009;181:2097-101; discussion 2101-2 pubmed publisher
    ..We reviewed differences between primary and post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in patients at high risk...