posterior cranial fossa


Summary: The infratentorial compartment that contains the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM. It is formed by the posterior third of the superior surface of the body of the sphenoid (SPHENOID BONE), by the occipital, the petrous, and mastoid portions of the TEMPORAL BONE, and the posterior inferior angle of the PARIETAL BONE.

Top Publications

  1. Muzumdar D, Goel A. Posterior cranial fossa dermoid in association with craniovertebral and cervical spinal anomaly: report of two cases. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2001;35:158-61 pubmed
    ..girl and an 8-year-old boy, with congenital craniovertebral anomaly and Klippel-Feil syndrome also had a posterior cranial fossa dermoid...
  2. Lomholt J, Fischer Hansen B, Keeling J, Reintoft I, Kjaer I. Subclassification of anencephalic human fetuses according to morphology of the posterior cranial fossa. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2004;7:601-6 pubmed
    ..The present study has focused on the posterior cranial fossa in anencephaly...
  3. Tubbs R, Hill M, Loukas M, Shoja M, Oakes W. Volumetric analysis of the posterior cranial fossa in a family with four generations of the Chiari malformation Type I. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2008;1:21-4 pubmed publisher
    Many authors have concluded that the Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is due to a smaller than normal posterior cranial fossa. In order to establish this smaller geometry as the cause of hindbrain herniation in a family, the authors of ..
  4. Noudel R, Jovenin N, Eap C, Scherpereel B, Pierot L, Rousseaux P. Incidence of basioccipital hypoplasia in Chiari malformation type I: comparative morphometric study of the posterior cranial fossa. Clinical article. J Neurosurg. 2009;111:1046-52 pubmed publisher thought to result from overcrowding of a normally developing hindbrain within a congenitally small posterior cranial fossa (PCF) due to occipital hypoplasia...
  5. Da Costa L, Thines L, Dehdashti A, Wallace M, Willinsky R, Tymianski M, et al. Management and clinical outcome of posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations: report on a single-centre 15-year experience. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009;80:376-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe a 15-year experience in the management of posterior fossa brain AVMs with a focus on clinical outcome...
  6. Dubey A, Sung W, Shaya M, Patwardhan R, Willis B, Smith D, et al. Complications of posterior cranial fossa surgery--an institutional experience of 500 patients. Surg Neurol. 2009;72:369-75 pubmed publisher
    ..The purposes of this retrospective study are to draw attention to the potential complications associated with posterior fossa surgery and to critically review the predisposing factors that might influence the complication rate...
  7. Shin J, Lee H, Jeong A, Park S, Choi C, Suh D. Choroid plexus papilloma in the posterior cranial fossa: MR, CT, and angiographic findings. Clin Imaging. 2001;25:154-62 pubmed
    ..and angiography (n=3) of six patients with pathologically confirmed choroid plexus papilloma (CPP) in the posterior cranial fossa. CPPs in the posterior cranial fossa have several features, including a propensity to arise at the ..
  8. Tubbs R, Wellons J, Smyth M, Bartolucci A, Blount J, Oakes W, et al. Children with growth hormone deficiency and Chiari I malformation: a morphometric analysis of the posterior cranial fossa. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2003;38:324-8 pubmed
    ..However, to date, no quantitative analysis of the PF of patients with CIM and GHD has been performed. Our study was performed to determine the geometry of the PF in children with GHD and CIM...
  9. Tubbs R, Webb D, Abdullatif H, Conklin M, Doyle S, Oakes W. Posterior cranial fossa volume in patients with rickets: insights into the increased occurrence of Chiari I malformation in metabolic bone disease. Neurosurgery. 2004;55:380-3; discussion 383-4 pubmed
    ..The present study measures the posterior fossa volume in children with rickets to verify previous case reports indicting a small posterior fossa as the cause for an increased rate of CIM in children with rickets...

More Information

Publications108 found, 100 shown here

  1. Lan Q, Qian Z, Chen J, Liu S, Lu Z, Huang Q. [Microsurgical treatment of posterior cranial fossa tumors via keyhole approaches]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2005;85:219-23 pubmed
    To explore the surgical outcome and skills of keyhole approaches to posterior cranial fossa tumors.
  2. Aydin S, Hanimoglu H, Tanriverdi T, Yentur E, Kaynar M. Chiari type I malformations in adults: a morphometric analysis of the posterior cranial fossa. Surg Neurol. 2005;64:237-41; discussion 241 pubmed
    ..Recent studies suggest that overcrowding in the posterior cranial fossa (PCF) because of underdeveloped bony structures in the intrauterine life is the main cause of this ..
  3. Vila Mengual M, Miranda Lloret P, López González A, Simal J, Alvarez Garijo J. Spinal cord lipoma without dysraphism in the infancy that extends intracranially. Case report and review of the literature. Surg Neurol. 2009;71:613-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The surgical indication and the strategy for treatment are controversial and they depend on the clinical situations of the patients. ..
  4. Kalkan E, Eser O. Supratentorial intracerebral haemorrhage following posterior fossa operation. Neurol India. 2006;54:220-1 pubmed
  5. Tasic G, Jovanovic V, Radulovic D, Djurovic B, Piscević I, Nikolić I, et al. [Clinical characteristics and results of surgical treatment of petroclival meningioma]. Srp Arh Celok Lek. 2006;134:183-6 pubmed
    ..Petroclival meningoma surgery is required upon precise preoperative analysis. Radicalism of operation is reserved for small and medium tumors, younger patients, and patients in good preoperative condition ..
  6. Than K, Baird C, Olivi A. Polyethylene glycol hydrogel dural sealant may reduce incisional cerebrospinal fluid leak after posterior fossa surgery. Neurosurgery. 2008;63:ONS182-6; discussion ONS186-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The application of PEG dural sealant to the closed dural edges may be effective at reducing incisional CSF leak after posterior fossa surgery. ..
  7. Galarza M, López Guerrero A, Martínez Lage J. Posterior fossa arachnoid cysts and cerebellar tonsillar descent: short review. Neurosurg Rev. 2010;33:305-14; discussion 314 pubmed publisher
    ..A wait-and-see attitude can be implemented in selected cases. In our experience, hydrocephalus should be properly addressed before treating the arachnoid cyst...
  8. Blanco M, Ferreira E, Pinedo A, Ruiz L, Gomez Beldarrain M, Garcia Monco J. [Posterior fossa empyema as a complication deriving from thrombophlebitis of the cavernous sinus caused by Enterococcus faecium]. Rev Neurol. 2007;44:509-10 pubmed
  9. Safavi Abbasi S, de Oliveira J, Deshmukh P, Reis C, Brasiliense L, Crawford N, et al. The craniocaudal extension of posterolateral approaches and their combination: a quantitative anatomic and clinical analysis. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2010;66:54-64 pubmed publisher
    ..However, risk of injury to neurovascular structures and time needed to extend the craniotomy must be weighed against the increased working area and angles of attack. ..
  10. Calandrelli R, D Apolito G, Marco P, Zampino G, Tartaglione T, Colosimo C. Costello syndrome: Analysis of the posterior cranial fossa in children with posterior fossa crowding. Neuroradiol J. 2015;28:254-8 pubmed publisher
    This study aimed to assess changes in the posterior cranial fossa (PCF) to shed light on the mechanism of cerebellar herniation in children with Costello syndrome (CS) and posterior fossa crowding...
  11. Kombogiorgas D, St George E, Chapman S, English M, Solanki G. Infantile clivus chordoma without clivus involvement: case report and review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst. 2006;22:1369-74 pubmed
    ..We discuss the subtle presentation, difficulties in diagnosis and management and also review the literature. ..
  12. Alapatt J, Kutty R, Gopi P, Challissery J. Middle and posterior fossa aspergilloma. Surg Neurol. 2006;66:75-8; discussion 78-9 pubmed
    ..A computed tomographic (CT) scan showed a large irregular, space-occupying lesion in the middle and posterior cranial fossa. He had a mastoidectomy done 3 years before for chronic suppurative otitis media...
  13. Jaspan T. New concepts on posterior fossa malformations. Pediatr Radiol. 2008;38 Suppl 3:S409-14 pubmed publisher
  14. Shono T, Mizoguchi M, Yoshimoto K, Amano T, Natori Y, Sasaki T. Clinical course of abducens nerve palsy associated with skull base tumours. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2009;151:733-8; discussion 738 pubmed publisher
    ..The abducens nerve palsies that occur with skull base meningiomas are less likely to recover. Nevertheless, it is important to preserve the nerves and to perform surgical repair if the nerve is transected. ..
  15. Gjørup H, Beck Nielsen S, Haubek D. Craniofacial and dental characteristics of patients with vitamin-D-dependent rickets type 1A compared to controls and patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia. Clin Oral Investig. 2018;22:745-755 pubmed publisher
    ..Cephalometric analysis was performed. Photos and radiographs were visually evaluated. The depth of the posterior cranial fossa (d-p and d-s-iop) in VDDR1A adults was reduced compared to the reference group (p < 0.05)...
  16. Escarda A, Vaquer P, Bonet L, Miralbés S, Gomez C, Obrador A. [Clivus metastasis from hepatocarcinoma associated with transarterial hepatic chemoembolization]. Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006;29:401-4 pubmed
    ..Metastases in nervous system, especially in clivus, are rarely. We report the case of a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma treated with transarterial chemoembolization who was diagnosed with metastasis in clivus. ..
  17. van Lierop A, Fagan J, Taylor K. Recurrent chordoma of the palate occurring in the surgical pathway: a case report. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2008;35:447-50 pubmed
    ..Only isolated cases of this phenomenon have been reported in the world literature. We review the world literature regarding surgical pathway recurrences. ..
  18. Steinbok P, Singhal A, Mills J, Cochrane D, Price A. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak and pseudomeningocele formation after posterior fossa tumor resection in children: a retrospective analysis. Childs Nerv Syst. 2007;23:171-4; discussion 175 pubmed
    ..The results of this study provide a basis for planning a randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of tissue glue and/or dural grafting in preventing these complications. ..
  19. Mussa A, Baldassarre G, Rosaia De Santis L, Gastaldi R, Corrias A, Silengo M. Four new cases of PHACES syndrome: variable phenotypic expression and endocrine features. Acta Paediatr. 2008;97:1729-33 pubmed publisher
    ..PHACES syndrome has a wide variable phenotypic expression and endocrine anomalies, especially hypothyroidism, may represent a trait of the syndrome and should be always investigated. ..
  20. Prabhu S, Zinkus T, Cheng A, Rahbar R. Clival osteomyelitis resulting from spread of infection through the fossa navicularis magna in a child. Pediatr Radiol. 2009;39:995-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This case is unique, and we believe that the presence of this variant in young children may be important and is not merely an anatomical curiosity. ..
  21. Sanai N, McDermott M. A modified far-lateral approach for large or giant meningiomas of the posterior fossa. J Neurosurg. 2010;112:907-12 pubmed publisher
    ..While avoiding the risks of condylar resection, this microsurgical strategy allows for greater field of view, minimal venous bleeding, and immediate access to the spinal subarachnoid space. ..
  22. Pietrini D, Di Rocco C, Di Bartolomeo R, Conti G, Ranelletti F, De Luca D, et al. No-glucose strategy influences posterior cranial fossa tumors' postoperative course: introducing the Glycemic Stress Index. J Neurooncol. 2009;93:361-8 pubmed publisher
    ..population, we evaluated the glycemic response to different infusional policies in the management of posterior cranial fossa tumor (PFT) removal...
  23. Frič R, Eide P. Comparison of pulsatile and static pressures within the intracranial and lumbar compartments in patients with Chiari malformation type 1: a prospective observational study. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2015;157:1411-23; discussion 1423 pubmed publisher
    ..Ventricular CSF volume (VV), intracranial volume (ICV) and posterior cranial fossa volume (PCFV) were calculated using volumetry software...
  24. Yilmaz U. [Vascular pathologies and vascular anatomical variants of the posterior cranial fossa]. Radiologe. 2016;56:983-989 pubmed
    ..Knowledge of the vascular anatomy of the posterior fossa and its variants is important for an understanding of vascular pathologies. ..
  25. Perrini P, Rawlinson A, Cowie R, King A. Acute external hydrocephalus complicating craniocervical decompression for syringomyelia-Chiari I complex: case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Rev. 2008;31:331-5 pubmed publisher
  26. Durham S, Fjeld Olenec K. Comparison of posterior fossa decompression with and without duraplasty for the surgical treatment of Chiari malformation Type I in pediatric patients: a meta-analysis. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2008;2:42-9 pubmed publisher
    ..There was no significant difference between the 2 operative techniques with respect to clinical improvement or decrease in syringomyelia. ..
  27. Dehdashti A, Karabatsou K, Ganna A, Witterick I, Gentili F. Expanded endoscopic endonasal approach for treatment of clival chordomas: early results in 12 patients. Neurosurgery. 2008;63:299-307; discussion 307-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The challenge with the cerebrospinal fluid leakage is being addressed with novel local flap repair techniques. This approach should be in the armamentarium of cranial base surgeons as an option in the management of clival chordomas. ..
  28. Li Z, Lan Q. Retrosigmoid keyhole approach to the posterior cranial fossa: an anatomical and clinical study. Eur Surg Res. 2010;44:56-63 pubmed publisher
    ..anatomic features, as well as the operative technique for the retrosigmoid keyhole (RSK) approach to the posterior cranial fossa. In the anatomical study, 6 cadaveric heads were dissected to simulate the RSK approach...
  29. Di Rocco C, Chieffo D, Pettorini B, Massimi L, Caldarelli M, Tamburrini G. Preoperative and postoperative neurological, neuropsychological and behavioral impairment in children with posterior cranial fossa astrocytomas and medulloblastomas: the role of the tumor and the impact of the surgical treatment. Childs Nerv Syst. 2010;26:1173-88 pubmed publisher
  30. Noske D, van Royen B, Bron J, Vandertop W. Basilar impression in osteogenesis imperfecta: can it be treated with halo traction and posterior fusion?. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2006;148:1301-5; discussion 1305 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, posterior fusion without additional VP shunt placement may not be effective in the long term for ameliorating symptoms and signs and halting progressive hydrocephalus in BI complicating OI...
  31. Tubbs R, Hansasuta A, Loukas M, Louis R, Shoja M, Salter E, et al. The basilar venous plexus. Clin Anat. 2007;20:755-9 pubmed
    The basilar venous plexus is the anteromedian venous channel of the posterior cranial fossa that has many conflicting and brief descriptions in the extant literature...
  32. Akyuz M, Goksu E, Aralasmak A, Tuncer R. Retroclival arachnoid cyst presenting with haemorrhage: a brief report of a special case. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2010;152:161-2 pubmed publisher
    ..This report demonstrated the second case of retroclival cyst presenting with symptomatic spontaneous intracystic haemorrhage. ..
  33. Erdogan E, Civelek E, Onal M, Solmaz I, Kural C, Yakupoglu H. A new method of patient's head positioning in suboccipital retrosigmoid approach. Neurol India. 2009;57:777-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Preoperative measurement of positional angle on axial MRI sequences is a very simple and sufficient way to determine the angle of the head that is turned to the contralateral side. ..
  34. Borba L, de Oliveira J, Giudicissi Filho M, Colli B. Surgical management of foramen magnum meningiomas. Neurosurg Rev. 2009;32:49-58; discussion 59-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The differentiation between the clivospinal and spinoclival types, as well as anterior and anterolateral types, is crucial for the neurosurgical planning of foramen magnum meningiomas...
  35. Singh N, Abou Zeid A, King A, Du Plessis D, Gnanalingham K. Endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for isolated fibrous dysplasia of the clivus. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2009;52:190-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The present case highlights the need to consider fibrous dysplasia in the differential diagnosis of isolated clival lesions. ..
  36. Ruiz Sandoval J, Chiquete E, Navarro Bonnet J, Ochoa Guzmán A, Arauz Góngora A, Barinagarrementeria F, et al. Isolated vein thrombosis of the posterior fossa presenting as localized cerebellar venous infarctions or hemorrhages. Stroke. 2010;41:2358-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Isolated venous thrombosis of the posterior fossa is infrequent and implies a challenging diagnosis. Risk factors for intracranial vein thrombosis and atypical cerebellar findings on CT should lead to further MRI assessment. ..
  37. Faye M, Ba M, Diakhate I, Hossini A, Renaux A. [Posterior cranial fossa abscess secondary to cholesteatoma]. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord). 2006;127:161-3 pubmed
    ..b>Posterior cranial fossa abscesses are rare and continue to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates...
  38. Oh K, Rassner U, Frias A, Kennedy A. The fetal posterior fossa: clinical correlation of findings on prenatal ultrasound and fetal magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasound Q. 2007;23:203-10 pubmed
    ..Normal variations are common, and understanding the anatomy is vital to avoid misdiagnosis and to accurately characterize abnormalities. ..
  39. Kasliwal M, Suri A, Gupta D, Suri V, Rishi A, Sharma B. Sphenoid wing inflammatory pseudotumor mimicking a clinoidal meningioma: case report and review of the literature. Surg Neurol. 2008;70:509-13; discussion 513 pubmed publisher
    ..Intracranial involvement due to inflammatory pseudotumor is exceptionally rare. The importance of recognizing and appropriately diagnosing this rare intracranial pathology lies in prognostication and avoidance of overzealous treatment. ..
  40. Zhu W, Mao Y, Zhou L, Zhang R, Chen L. Combined subtemporal and retrosigmoid keyhole approach for extensive petroclival meningiomas surgery: report of experience with 7 cases. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2008;51:95-9 pubmed publisher
    ..It provides easy and quick access to the supra- and infratentorial juxta-clival regions without any petrous bone drilling. Complications related to the approach can be minimized. ..
  41. Ramina R, Neto M, Fernandes Y, Silva E, Mattei T, Aguiar P. Surgical removal of small petroclival meningiomas. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008;150:431-8; discussion 438-9 pubmed publisher
    ..8 cm) treated with radical surgical removal. Total resection (Simpson's Grade 1) [43] was possible with minimal morbidity and no mortality...
  42. Tucker A, Miyake H, Tsuji M, Ukita T, Ito S, Matsuda N, et al. Neurenteric cyst of the lower clivus. Neurosurgery. 2010;66:E224-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Because of the remote possibility of delayed recurrence, even in cases of apparent total cyst wall removal, long-term serial imaging and a consideration of reoperation for recurrences is advisable. ..
  43. Roche P, Robitail S, Regis J. Two- and three dimensional measures of vestibular schwannomas and posterior fossa--implications for the treatment. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2007;149:267-73; discussion 273 pubmed
    ..The determination of cut-off values correlated to brain shift will provide guidelines at the time of the therapeutic decision between radiosurgical and microsurgical strategy. ..
  44. Gauzzi L, Tavares E, Xavier C, Correa F. Use of posterior fontanelle in the ultrasound diagnosis of intraventricular/periventricular hemorrhage. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2008;84:503-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Use of the posterior fontanelle was also useful to clarify presence of hemorrhage in inconclusive examinations by the anterior fontanelle. ..
  45. Kapur R, Mahony B, Finch L, Siebert J. Normal and abnormal anatomy of the cerebellar vermis in midgestational human fetuses. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2009;85:700-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Rotation of the cerebellum, secondary to an enlarged fourth ventricle, may account for discordance between ultrasound and autopsy findings. ..
  46. Goel A, Shah A. Trigeminal neuralgia in the presence of ectatic basilar artery and basilar invagination: treatment by foramen magnum decompression. J Neurosurg. 2009;111:1220-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Foramen magnum decompression resulted in lasting relief from the pain. The authors discuss the pathogenesis of trigeminal neuralgia in a relatively rare clinical situation...
  47. Luney M, English S, Longworth A, Simpson J, Gudibande S, Matta B, et al. Acute Posterior Cranial Fossa Hemorrhage-Is Surgical Decompression Better than Expectant Medical Management?. Neurocrit Care. 2016;25:365-370 pubmed
    ..drainage (EVD) and suboccipital decompressive craniectomy (SDC) following an acute hemorrhagic posterior cranial fossa stroke (PCFH) in patients admitted to the neurosciences critical care unit (NCCU)...
  48. Shellenberger D, Roehm P, Gantz B. Large extradural epidermoid tumor of the temporal bone and posterior fossa cranium. Otol Neurotol. 2006;27:1043-4 pubmed
  49. Sheikh B. Simple and safe method of cranial reconstruction after posterior fossa craniectomy. Surg Neurol. 2006;65:63-6 pubmed
    ..The present report describes a simple modified method of reconstructing the postcraniectomy defect by using the patients' own bone dust, tissue glue, and gel foam sheets...
  50. Rennert J, Doerfler A. Imaging of sellar and parasellar lesions. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2007;109:111-24 pubmed
  51. Zhu W, Mao Y, Zhou L, Zhang R, Chen L. Combined subtemporal and retrosigmoid keyhole approach for extensive petroclival meningioma surgery: report of experience with 7 cases. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2007;50:106-10 pubmed
    ..Our experience of 7 cases using a combined subtemporal and retrosigmoid keyhole approach surgery was evaluated for the treatment of extensive petroclival meningiomas...
  52. Gutiérrez Morales J, Gutiérrez Morales S, González A. "Posterior fossa lesion 45 years after ocular trauma". Brain Pathol. 2010;20:989-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Conjunctival melanoma represents only 1.6% of all non-cutaneous melanoma. Metastasis of this kind of neoplasm to brain is a rare event, especially without evidence of prior or concurrent regional lymph node involvement...
  53. Lirng J, Fuh J, Chen Y, Wang S. Posterior cranial fossa crowdedness is related to age and sex: an magnetic resonance volumetric study. Acta Radiol. 2005;46:737-42 pubmed
    To measure 3-dimensional (3D) posterior cranial fossa (PCF) crowdedness and to evaluate the effect of age, sex, and body height on PCF.
  54. Kartal I, Yarman S, Tanakol R, Bilgic B. Lymphocytic panhypophysitis in a young man with involvement of the cavernous sinus and clivus. Pituitary. 2007;10:75-80 pubmed
    ..The present case represents a variant of lymphocytic hypophysitis which has progressed to involve bilateral cavernous sinuses and the clivus...
  55. Ragel B, BISHOP F, Couldwell W. Recurrent infrasellar clival craniopharyngioma. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2007;149:729-30; discussion 730 pubmed
    ..e., lesion was infrasellar). The final pathological results indicated the tumor was adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma...
  56. Cheng W, Chao S, Shen C. Endoscopic microvascular decompression of the hemifacial spasm. Surg Neurol. 2008;70 Suppl 1:S1:40-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, we highlighted the value of endoscopy in the diagnosis and therapy for cranial nerve pathologic condition in the posterior fossa...
  57. Hall N, Fabinyi G, Gul S, Cher L, Leibsch N. Spinal drop metastasis from grade I skull base chondrosarcoma. J Clin Neurosci. 2010;17:135-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Patients with skull base chondrosarcoma with intradural extension should have whole spine imaging as part of long-term monitoring to exclude drop metastases, particularly after intradural surgery...
  58. de Notaris M, Cavallo L, Prats Galino A, Esposito I, Benet A, Poblete J, et al. Endoscopic endonasal transclival approach and retrosigmoid approach to the clival and petroclival regions. Neurosurgery. 2009;65:42-50; discussion 50-2 pubmed publisher
    ..In this anatomic study, we explored the clival/petroclival area and the cerebellopontine angle via both the endonasal and retrosigmoid endoscopic routes, aiming to describe the respective degree of exposure and visual limitations...
  59. Sen C, Shrivastava R, Anwar S, Triana A. Lateral transcondylar approach for tumors at the anterior aspect of the craniovertebral junction. Neurosurgery. 2010;66:104-12 pubmed publisher
    ..The lateral transcondylar approach is a versatile approach to this area and allows access to a variety of intra- and extradural tumors. The lateral transcondylar approach has been used for a series of chordomas in this location...
  60. Lee J, Lega B, Bhowmick D, Newman J, O Malley B, Weinstein G, et al. Da Vinci Robot-assisted transoral odontoidectomy for basilar invagination. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2010;72:91-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These problems, and the corollary aversion to the procedure felt by many neurosurgeons, led our group to investigate an alternative approach...
  61. Zhong J, Liang B, Ding Z, Shen J, Huang S, Ye R, et al. [Significance of dynamic enhanced MRI in differential diagnosis of radiofibrosis and recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma at the basilar clivus]. Ai Zheng. 2006;25:105-9 pubmed
    ..This study was designed to investigate the characteristics of radiofibrosis and RNPC at the basilar clivus on dynamic enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DMRI) for differential diagnosis...
  62. Bogdanov E, Heiss J, Mendelevich E. The post-syrinx syndrome: stable central myelopathy and collapsed or absent syrinx. J Neurol. 2006;253:707-13 pubmed
    ..of cervicothoracic syringomyelia and MRI findings of Chiari 1 malformation and/or underdevelopment of the posterior cranial fossa, 15 patients (9.1 %) had collapsed, flat syrinxes and 14 patients (8.3 %) did not have syrinxes...
  63. Thinakara Rajan T, Janjua A, Srinivasan V. Posterior fossa arachnoid cyst presenting with isolated sensorineural hearing loss. J Laryngol Otol. 2006;120:979-82 pubmed
    ..They constitute approximately 1 per cent of all intracranial masses. They are uncommon in the posterior cranial fossa. Common presenting symptoms include headaches, seizures, focal neurologic signs and vague dizziness...
  64. Novak Z, Chrastina J, Feitová V, Lzicarova E, Riha I. Minimally invasive treatment of posterior fossa craniopharyngioma by means of navigated endoscopy. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2008;51:165-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The endoscopic contralateral approach to the tumor utilized the wide working space provided by the cisterna magna and the great versatility of the navigated neuroendoscopic approach was proven...
  65. Reynolds M, Blackburn S, Smyth M. Ossified pseudomeningocele following Chiari decompression surgery in a patient with Kleeblattschädel deformity. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2008;2:203-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A genetic basis for the ossification process seems likely given the child's history of premature cranial suture closure. The authors draw attention to this rare complication and review the available body of literature on this topic...
  66. Alkan O, Yildirim T, Kizilkilic O, Tan M, Cekinmez M. A case of ecchordosis physaliphora presenting with an intratumoral hemorrhage. Turk Neurosurg. 2009;19:293-6 pubmed
    ..MR imaging and CT revealed intracranial ecchordosis physaliphora associated with intratumoral hemorrhage and vasogenic edema. The neurological findings resolved completely after medical therapy...
  67. Pettorini B, Tamburrini G, Massimi L, Paternoster G, Caldarelli M, Di Rocco C. The use of a reconstituted collagen foil dura mater substitute in paediatric neurosurgical procedures--experience in 47 patients. Br J Neurosurg. 2010;24:51-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We report our experience with a new collagen foil (TissuDura, Baxter Healthcare SA, Switzerland) utilized as dural substitute in paediatric neurosurgical procedures...
  68. Gehanne C, Delpierre I, Damry N, Devroede B, Brihaye P, Christophe C. Skull base chordoma: CT and MRI features. JBR-BTR. 2005;88:325-7 pubmed
    ..Biopsy and histology make the diagnosis. Usually treatment consists in surgery and radiotherapy but more recently proton beam therapy is used and seems to yield better results...
  69. Karasu A, Sabanci P, Izgi N, Imer M, Sencer A, Cansever T, et al. Traumatic epidural hematomas of the posterior cranial fossa. Surg Neurol. 2008;69:247-51; dicussion 251-2 pubmed publisher
    Traumatic EDHs of the posterior cranial fossa are rare and have a higher mortality than supratentorial localizations. Early diagnosis of TEHPCF and prompt surgical evacuation provide excellent recovery...
  70. Aronson P, Reilly A, Paessler M, Kersun L. Burkitt lymphoma involving the clivus. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2008;30:320-1 pubmed publisher
    ..Increased tumor burden is associated with complications such as tumor lysis syndrome, and recognition of unusual presentations is important for timely management. We report 3 patients with BL involving the clivus at diagnosis...
  71. Yang B, Jin H, Sun L, Cai W, Shi C. Posterior fossa abscesses secondary to dermal sinus associated with dermoid cyst in children. Neuropediatrics. 2008;39:39-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Early neurosurgical interventions including external ventricular drainage, external abscess drainage and primary removal should be planned as soon as possible in accord with the children's condition...
  72. Tseng K, Lin J, Lin E, Ma H. Occipital interhemispheric approach without excision of tentorium for the tumor in the medial temporal region: technical note. Surg Neurol. 2009;71:448-50 pubmed publisher
    ..In this case, we used this approach without the excision of the tentorium to remove the parahippocampal gyrus tumor, which was located superolateral to tentorial edge in the middle part of the medial temporal region...
  73. Chang S, Wu A, Gore P, Beres E, Porter R, Preul M, et al. Quantitative comparison of Kawase's approach versus the retrosigmoid approach: implications for tumors involving both middle and posterior fossae. Neurosurgery. 2009;64:ons44-51; discussion ons51-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Few quantitative data are available to describe Kawase's exposure of the posterior fossa. We used a cadaveric model to compare Kawase's and the retrosigmoid approach to the petroclival region...
  74. Puttgen K, Lin D. Neurocutaneous vascular syndromes. Childs Nerv Syst. 2010;26:1407-15 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper is meant to update clinicians and researchers about important advances in these rare, important vascular syndromes, to improve care, and lay the foundation for future directions for research...
  75. Kawamata T, Katayama Y. [Lateral supracerebellar transtentorial approach for petroclival lesions]. No Shinkei Geka. 2006;34:567-75 pubmed
  76. Gorgulu A, Albayrak B. Giant intradiploic leptomeningeal cyst of the posterior fossa. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2006;148:923-4 pubmed
  77. Prabhu N, Duckmanton N, Stevenson A, Cameron A. The placement of osseointegrated dental implants in a patient with type IV B osteogenesis imperfecta: a 9-year follow-up. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;103:349-54 pubmed
    ..To date, 9 years after implant surgery and prosthetic loading, the patient continues to be clinically and radiographically normal...
  78. Zhou L, Chen L, Song D, Gu Y, Leng B. Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas. Surg Neurol. 2007;67:472-81; discussion 481-2 pubmed
    ..Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula is uncommon but is a life-threatening lesion. We present our experience with 5 patients with TDAVFs, review the relevant literature, and present the rationale of our current management strategy...
  79. Prabhakar H, Ali Z, Rath G. Posterior fossa haematoma following sudden decompression of acute hydrocephalus resulting from neuroendoscopy. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2007;35:608-9 pubmed
    ..Gradual ventricular decompression is recommended to reduce the risk of this complication...
  80. Beschorner R, Koerbel A, Schittenhelm J, Kaminsky J, Loewenheim H, Bueltmann E, et al. 47-year-old woman with a clival mass. Brain Pathol. 2008;18:100-2, 141 pubmed publisher
  81. Rocque B, Herold K, Salamat M, Shenker Y, Kuo J. Symptomatic hyperprolactinemia from an ectopic pituitary adenoma located in the clivus. Endocr Pract. 2009;15:143-8 pubmed
    ..To report a case of an ectopic pituitary adenoma in the clivus...
  82. Doughty K, Tubbs R, Webb D, Oakes W. Delayed resolution of Chiari I-associated hydromyelia after posterior fossa decompression: case report and review of the literature. Neurosurgery. 2004;55:711 pubmed
    ..The expected time interval for resolution of hydromyelia after Chiari I decompression is lacking in the literature. This case report highlights one instance of delayed resolution of Chiari-induced hydromyelia...
  83. Nabika S, Kiya K, Satoh H, Mizoue T, Araki H, Oshita J. Local administration of amphotericin B against aspergilloma in the prepontine cistern--case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2007;47:89-92 pubmed
    ..Surgical reduction of granuloma combined with local administration of antifungal agent is a good treatment option in patients with aspergilloma refractory to systemic administration...
  84. Seyednejad F, Tubbs R, Shoja M, Daghigi M, Oakes W. Presumed recurrence of intracranial Rosai-Dorfman disease as a cervical spine tumor. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2007;149:425-7 pubmed
    ..Previously reported lesions in the spine were primary occurrences. We report a patient who developed presumed secondary symptomatic involvement of the spine five years following therapy for a primary intracranial RDD...
  85. Coulson C, Siddiq M, Johnson A. Empty sella syndrome associated with a hyperfunctioning microadenoma invading the clivus. Br J Neurosurg. 2007;21:623-5 pubmed
    ..Hyperfunctioning microadenomas have been described in the presence of the empty sella syndrome. We present the first reported cases of a microadenoma invading the clivus associated with an empty sella...
  86. Al Otibi M, Jea A, Kulkarni A. Detection of important venous collaterals by computed tomography venogram in multisutural synostosis. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg. 2007;107:508-10 pubmed
    ..Computed tomography venography is an easily obtained study that we recommend in the evaluation of children with multisutural craniosynostosis prior to cranial surgical interventions...
  87. Yilmazlar S, Kocaeli H, Eyigor O, Hakyemez B, Korfali E. Clinical importance of the basal cavernous sinuses and cavernous carotid arteries relative to the pituitary gland and macroadenomas: quantitative analysis of the complete anatomy. Surg Neurol. 2008;70:165-74; discussion 174-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Our aim was to quantitatively analyze anatomical and radiologic relationships among the BCS, the CCA, and the pituitary gland, as these structures are accessed during TSS...
  88. Rahman M, Ahamed S, Sayed M, Rashid M, Sarkar S. Is gross total removal necessary for paediatric posterior fossa tumour?. Mymensingh Med J. 2010;19:239-43 pubmed
    ..5%) and subsequent follow up in (12.5%). But in gross total removal symptoms appeared in one case (2.5%) in 13-15 months follow up period...
  89. Boari N, Roberti F, Biglioli F, Caputy A, Mortini P. Quantification of clival and paraclival exposure in the Le Fort I transmaxillary transpterygoid approach: a microanatomical study. J Neurosurg. 2010;113:1011-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A cadaveric microanatomical study was conducted to compare the planimetric exposures allowed by the transmaxillary transpterygoid (TMTP) approach and the standard Le Fort I maxillotomy (STM)...
  90. Harada K, Nakahara I, Hayashi J, Tanaka M, Akiyama Y, Iwamuro Y, et al. Chondrosarcoma of the clivus presenting with intratumoral hemorrhage: case report. J Neurooncol. 2006;77:221-3 pubmed
  91. Caramella C, Cazejust J, Petit Lacour M, Canale S, Menu Y. [Fortuitous discovery of Fahr's disease]. Presse Med. 2008;37:618-20 pubmed publisher
  92. Tubbs R, Shoja M, Ardalan M, Shokouhi G, Loukas M. Hindbrain herniation: A review of embryological theories. Ital J Anat Embryol. 2008;113:37-46 pubmed
    ..e. herniation of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum). Finally, it seems that no single theory could explain all forms of the Chiari malformation, and that this malformation might be a heterogeneous entity...