anterior cranial fossa


Summary: The compartment containing the inferior part and anterior extremities of the frontal lobes (FRONTAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. It is formed mainly by orbital parts of the FRONTAL BONE and the lesser wings of the SPHENOID BONE.

Top Publications

  1. Siniscalchi E, Angileri F, Mastellone P, Catalfamo L, Giusa M, Conti A, et al. Anterior skull base reconstruction with a galeal-pericranial flap. J Craniofac Surg. 2007;18:622-5 pubmed
  2. Jallo G, Bognar L. Eyebrow surgery: the supraciliary craniotomy: technical note. Neurosurgery. 2006;59:ONSE157-8; discussion ONSE157-8 pubmed
    ..through a supraciliary incision, is a simple but elegant modification of the traditional approach to the anterior cranial fossa. A step-by-step description of the approach is offered in this report to facilitate a clear understanding ..
  3. Jallo G, Suk I, Bognar L. A superciliary approach for anterior cranial fossa lesions in children. Technical note. J Neurosurg. 2005;103:88-93 pubmed
    Many subfrontal and orbitofrontal craniotomy techniques have been proposed and developed for anterior cranial fossa lesions...
  4. Boonyawiroj S, Phanthumchinda K. Extensive anterior cranial fossa idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis: a case report and review of the literature. J Med Assoc Thai. 2005;88:1934-40 pubmed
    ..Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis usually involves dura at tentorium cerebelli, cavernous sinus and base of the skull. The extensive involvement at the anterior cranial fossa is extremely rare.
  5. Thomas S, Daudia A, Jones N. Endoscopic removal of foreign body from the anterior cranial fossa. J Laryngol Otol. 2007;121:794-5 pubmed
    ..describe a case in which nasal endoscopy was employed to successfully remove an air rifle pellet from the anterior cranial fossa, with subsequent repair of the associated cerebrospinal fistula...
  6. Kamat A, Bhattacharyya D, Carroll T. Brain sag as a cause of postoperative neurological deterioration following anterior cranial fossa floor repair for post traumatic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea. Br J Neurosurg. 2007;21:303-6 pubmed
    ..Absence of an initial dramatic response to treatment does not necessarily imply poor outcome in the long term...
  7. de Divitiis E, Esposito F, Cappabianca P, Cavallo L, de Divitiis O, Esposito I. Endoscopic transnasal resection of anterior cranial fossa meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25:E8 pubmed publisher
    ..surgical advancements for the ventral skull base, allows excellent midline access to and visibility of the anterior cranial fossa, which was previously thought to be approachable only via a transcranial route...
  8. Fattahi T, DiPasquale J. Utility of the pericranial flap in frontal sinus and anterior cranial fossa trauma. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;38:1263-7 pubmed publisher
    Complex injuries to the frontal bar of the upper face can cause significant damage to the anterior cranial fossa. One of the biggest challenges in the repair of such injuries is the prevention of a cerebrospinal fluid leak and separation ..
  9. Hughes D, Kaduthodil M, Connolly D, Griffiths P. Dimensions and ossification of the normal anterior cranial fossa in children. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010;31:1268-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to ascertain the age at which the anterior cranial fossa is fully ossified as assessed on CT examinations.

More Information

Publications104 found, 100 shown here

  1. Agid R, Terbrugge K, Rodesch G, Andersson T, Soderman M. Management strategies for anterior cranial fossa (ethmoidal) dural arteriovenous fistulas with an emphasis on endovascular treatment. J Neurosurg. 2009;110:79-84 pubmed publisher
    Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) of the anterior cranial fossa are rare lesions that can cause intracranial hemorrhage. Authors of previous reports mostly have described open surgical treatment for this fistula type...
  2. Kutluhan A, Salviz M, Bozdemir K, Değer H, Culha I, Ozveren M. Middle turbinate osteoma extending into anterior cranial fossa. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2009;36:702-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We reported a 31-year old male presenting middle turbinate osteoma that extending into the anterior cranial fossa, causing pneumocephalus...
  3. Roberti F, Boari N, Mortini P, Caputy A. The pterygopalatine fossa: an anatomic report. J Craniofac Surg. 2007;18:586-90 pubmed
    ..A correct understanding and knowledge of the anatomic structures lodged into the PPF, as well as their relationships and functions, remain crucial to minimizing postsurgical morbidity and intraoperative complications. ..
  4. Sykes J. Applied anatomy of the temporal region and forehead for injectable fillers. J Drugs Dermatol. 2009;8:s24-7 pubmed
    ..The temple and forehead are often associated with aging changes. This article describes the anatomic layers of the forehead and temple, and discusses the various planes for safe injection of fillers. ..
  5. Vlachogiannis P, Gudjonsson O, Montelius A, Grusell E, Isacsson U, Nilsson K, et al. Hypofractionated high-energy proton-beam irradiation is an alternative treatment for WHO grade I meningiomas. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2017;159:2391-2400 pubmed publisher
    ..4%), with pituitary insufficiency being the most common. Tumour location in the anterior cranial fossa was the only factor that significantly increased the risk of complications...
  6. Har El G, Casiano R. Endoscopic management of anterior skull base tumors. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2005;38:133-44, ix pubmed
    ..This article describes endoscopic modifications of anterior craniofacial resection. ..
  7. Pizzoni C, Sarandria C, Pierangeli E. Clear-cell meningioma of the anterior cranial fossa. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg Sci. 2009;53:113-7 pubmed
  8. Dhandapani S, Sahoo S. Median Supraorbital Keyhole Approach for Clipping Ruptured Distal Anterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysm: Technical Report with Review of Literature. World Neurosurg. 2018;112:73-76 pubmed publisher
    ..craniotomy made via an eyebrow incision extending between the supraorbital notches, and flush with the anterior cranial fossa. The dura was opened at the anterior part, the falx was cut, an interhemispheric dissection was carried ..
  9. Gil Z, Abergel A, Spektor S, Shabtai E, Khafif A, Fliss D. Development of a cancer-specific anterior skull base quality-of-life questionnaire. J Neurosurg. 2004;100:813-9 pubmed
    ..The instrument can be used in face-to-face interviews and via electronic or regular mail. ..
  10. Hanoun G, Sova M, Smrcka M, Smrcka V. [Anterior skull base reconstruction]. Rozhl Chir. 2006;85:593-8 pubmed
    The reasons for transcranial operative revision of anterior cranial fossa are cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage, pneumocephalus, recurrent meningitis and eventually other causes...
  11. Feldman J, Farnoosh S, Kellman R, Tatum S. Skull Base Trauma: Clinical Considerations in Evaluation and Diagnosis and Review of Management Techniques and Surgical Approaches. Semin Plast Surg. 2017;31:177-188 pubmed publisher
    ..A variety of specific surgical approaches to the anterior cranial fossa are discussed, including the classic anterior craniofacial approach as well as less invasive and newer ..
  12. Freysinger W. [Computer-assisted intraoperative navigation at the anterior skull base]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2008;87:352-60; quiz 361-4 pubmed publisher
  13. Lu J, Chen F, Cai B, Chen F, Kang D. A rabbit model of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage by ear central artery-suprasellar cistern shunt. J Clin Neurosci. 2017;44:300-305 pubmed publisher
    ..on New Zealand rabbits for placing a PE-50 tube at the suprasella cistern and an ICP probe at the anterior cranial fossa. The central ear artery was punctured and blood was shunted into the suprasellar cistern through the PE-50 ..
  14. Alekseev A, Pichugin A, Danilov V. [A supraorbital trans-eyebrow approach in surgery of chiasmatic-sellar and anterior cranial fossa tumors]. Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. 2017;81:36-45 pubmed publisher
    to analyze 31 resections of chiasmatic-sellar region (CSR) and anterior cranial fossa (ACF) tumors using the supraorbital trans-eyebrow approach (STA).
  15. Sandalcioglu I, Wiedemayer H, Stolke D. The supraorbital keyhole approach via an eyebrow incision for resection of tumors around the sella and the anterior skull base. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2004;47:221-5 pubmed
    ..The authors recommend this approach for resection of small tumors around the sella and the anterior skull base in selected cases as a valuable alternative to standard skull base approaches. ..
  16. Vergani F, Pirola E, Fiori L, Pagni F, Parmigiani F, Sganzerla E. Combined transcranial and endoscopic nasal resection for esthesioneuroblastoma. Technical note. J Neurosurg Sci. 2007;51:99-102 pubmed
    ..Huge esthesioneuroblastomas, extending into the ethmoid roof and the cribriform plate, or invading the anterior cranial fossa, have traditionally been treated by craniofacial resection...
  17. Campero A, Martins C, Socolovsky M, Torino R, Yasuda A, Domitrovic L, et al. Three-piece orbitozygomatic approach. Neurosurgery. 2010;66:ons-E119-ons-E120 pubmed publisher
    ..The modifications described herein show the technical features of the 3-piece orbitozygomatic approach, which provides excellent brain exposure with less retraction and a good cosmetic result. ..
  18. Mascarella M, Tewfik M, Aldosari M, Sirhan D, Zeitouni A, Di Maio S. A Simple Scoring System to Predict the Resectability of Skull Base Meningiomas via an Endoscopic Endonasal Approach. World Neurosurg. 2016;91:582-591.e1 pubmed publisher
    To identify clinico-radiologic factors associated with incomplete anterior cranial fossa (ACF) meningioma resection via an endoscopic endonasal approach...
  19. Bhattacharyya N, Friedlander R. Images in clinical medicine. Pneumocephalus associated with pneumosinus dilatans frontalis. N Engl J Med. 2007;357:1136 pubmed
  20. Izci Y, Moftakhar R, Pyle M, Baskaya M. Retromandibular fossa approach to the high cervical internal carotid artery: an anatomic study. Neurosurgery. 2008;62:ONS363-9; discussion 369-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Mandibulotomy is not necessary for adequate visualization of the high cervical ICA. ..
  21. Karnezis T, Baker A, Soler Z, Wise S, Rereddy S, Patel Z, et al. Factors impacting cerebrospinal fluid leak rates in endoscopic sellar surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016;6:1117-1125 pubmed publisher
    ..with increased intraoperative leaks were mild liver disease, craniopharyngioma, and extension into the anterior cranial fossa. In patients with intraoperative CSF leaks, postoperative leaks occurred in 10...
  22. Ye J, Sun H, Li X, Dai J. Osteoma of anterior cranial fossa complicated by intracranial mucocele with emphasis on its radiological diagnosis. Neurol India. 2008;56:79-80 pubmed
    ..An intracranial bony lesion surrounded by a cyst in the anterior cranial fossa was found on imaging...
  23. Chibbaro S, Herman P, Povlika M, George B. Malignant trigeminal schwannoma extending into the anterior skull base. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008;150:599-604 pubmed publisher
    ..In this report, we discuss the sporadic occurrence of these tumours, the histo-pathological features and the management strategy along with a review of the literature. ..
  24. Miwa T, Yoshida K, Shidoh S, Kano T, Muto J, Kawase T. Spontaneous regression after standard transsphenoidal surgery in a huge pituitary adenoma with epidural extension. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2009;49:421-3 pubmed
    ..The reason for the spontaneous regression remains unclear. ..
  25. Mirone G, Chibbaro S, Schiabello L, Tola S, George B. En plaque sphenoid wing meningiomas: recurrence factors and surgical strategy in a series of 71 patients. Neurosurgery. 2009;65:100-8; discussion 108-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Successful resection requires extensive intra- and extradural surgery. We recommend optic canal decompression in all patients to ameliorate and/or preserve visual function. ..
  26. Ozer E, Bapna S, Agrawal A, Schuller D. Maxillary removal and reinsertion: a favorable approach for extensive anterior cranial base tumors. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;142:322-6 pubmed publisher
    ..It improves operative morbidity by preserving both function and form of the maxillary region and gives excellent exposure to ACB. ..
  27. Morice A, Paternoster G, Ostertag A, James S, Cohen Solal M, Khonsari R, et al. "Anterior skull base and pericranial flap ossification after frontofacial monobloc advancement". Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    Frontofacial monobloc advancement (FFMBA) creates a communication between the anterior cranial fossa and nasal cavities. To tackle this issue, trans-orbital pericranial pedicled flaps (PF) are routinely performed in our center...
  28. Carrillo J, Rivas Leon B, Celis M, Ponce de Leon S, Ochoa Carrillo F. Anterolateral and lateral skull-base approaches for treatment of neoplastic diseases. Am J Otolaryngol. 2004;25:58-67 pubmed
    ..The oncologic results are better than those reported in the literature probably because of a stringent selection of cases, although a longer follow-up period is required. ..
  29. Bassiouni H, Asgari S, Stolke D. Tuberculum sellae meningiomas: functional outcome in a consecutive series treated microsurgically. Surg Neurol. 2006;66:37-44; discussion 44-5 pubmed
    ..Visual outcome may be improved by preserving the microvasculature supplying the optic apparatus. ..
  30. Sanus G, Ozlen F, Biceroglu H, Isler C, Tanriverdi T, Bas A, et al. An experimental model of traumatic nasoethmoidal cerebrospinal fluid fistula. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:441-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies including larger number of animals should be considered in order to verify safety more accurately. ..
  31. Brand Y, Lim E, Waran V, Prepageran N. Endoscopic transpterygoidal repair of a large cranial defect with cerebrospinal fluid leak in a patient with extensive osteoradionecrosis of the skull base: case report and technical note. J Laryngol Otol. 2015;129:1243-7 pubmed publisher
    ..have recently become the method of choice in dealing with cerebrospinal fluid leak involving the anterior cranial fossa. However, most surgeons prefer an intracranial approach when leaks involve the middle cranial fossa...
  32. Wessling H, Simosono C, Escosa Bagé M, de Las Heras Echeverría P. Anton's syndrome due to a giant anterior fossa meningioma. The problem of routine use of advanced diagnostic imaging in psychiatric care. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2006;148:673-5; discussion 675 pubmed
    ..We conclude that MR or CT scan is indicated in psychiatric in-patients who fail to improve with standard psychiatric treatment. This strategy should be submitted to a cost-benefit analysis. ..
  33. Agrawal A, Pratap A, Sinha A, Agrawal B, Thapa A, Bajracharya T. Epidermoid cyst of anterior fontanelle with clear contents. Surg Neurol. 2007;68:313-5; discussion 316 pubmed
    ..These lesions with clear contents can have all the features of encephalocele on clinical examination, and imaging will show the exact location, but histopathology will confirm the diagnosis. ..
  34. Cecchini G. Anterior and Posterior Ethmoidal Artery Ligation in Anterior Skull Base Meningiomas: A Review on Microsurgical Approaches. World Neurosurg. 2015;84:1161-5 pubmed publisher of the relevant microsurgical anatomy of these arteries; particular attention is given to anterior cranial fossa and medial orbital wall anatomy...
  35. Im S, Oh C, Han D. Surgical management of an unruptured dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior cranial fossa: natural history for 7 years. Surg Neurol. 2004;62:72-5; discussion 75 pubmed
    b>Anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), unlike those in other locations, form a distinct subgroup because of a high incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage and their unique anatomy...
  36. Muscatello L, Lenzi R, Marchetti M, Seccia V, Casani A. Frontal mucocoele communicating with an arachnoid cyst of the anterior cranial fossa. Rhinology. 2009;47:102-4 pubmed
    ..Intraoperative findings were compatible with a left frontal mucocoele communicating with an arachnoid cyst of the anterior cranial fossa.
  37. Ding D, Starke R, Crowley R, Liu K. Interhemispheric approach for endoscopic ligation of an anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistula. J Clin Neurosci. 2015;22:1969-72 pubmed publisher
    We describe the endoscopic ligation of an anterior cranial fossa (ACF) dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) through an interhemispheric approach...
  38. Chong V, Khoo J, Fan Y. Imaging of the nasopharynx and skull base. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2002;10:547-71, v pubmed
    ..CT and MR imaging are complementary; they are often used together to demonstrate the full disease extent. This article focuses on the critical anatomy of theskull base and how this knowledge contributes to accurate disease assessment. ..
  39. Andrade Barazarte H, Jägersberg M, Belkhair S, Tymianski R, Turel M, Schaller K, et al. The Extended Lateral Supraorbital Approach and Extradural Anterior Clinoidectomy Through a Frontopterio-Orbital Window: Technical Note and Pilot Surgical Series. World Neurosurg. 2017;100:159-166 pubmed publisher
    Lateral approaches to treat anterior cranial fossa lesions have evolved since the first frontotemporal approach described by Dandy in 1918...
  40. Ahmad F, Gupta A, Sharma M, Shukla G, Mehta V. The enigmatic origin of subfrontal schwannomas: report of a case without hyposmia. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2006;148:671-2; discussion 672 pubmed
    ..We report a 23-year-old male who presented with recurrent focal motor seizures, but had no hyposmia. The tumor was completely removed by a subfrontal approach. Relevant literature has been reviewed. ..
  41. Tubbs R, Wellons J, Salter G, Blount J, Oakes W. Intracranial anatomic asymmetry in situs inversus totalis. Anat Embryol (Berl). 2003;206:199-202 pubmed
    ..These data will also hopefully provide further insight into possible mechanisms that contribute to situs inversus totalis. ..
  42. Shatzkes D, Ginsberg L, Wong M, Aiken A, Branstetter B, Michel M, et al. Imaging Appearance of SMARCB1 (INI1)-Deficient Sinonasal Carcinoma: A Newly Described Sinonasal Malignancy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2016;37:1925-1929 pubmed publisher
    ..tumors occurred most frequently in the nasoethmoidal region with invasion of the adjacent orbit and anterior cranial fossa. Avid contrast enhancement, intermediate to low T2 signal, and FDG avidity were frequent imaging features...
  43. Cansiz H, Yener M, Güvenç M, Canbaz B. Giant frontoethmoid mucocele with intracranial extension: case report. Ear Nose Throat J. 2003;82:50-2 pubmed
    ..We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different surgical approaches, and we explain why we recommend a combined approach for the type of giant lesion that we encountered...
  44. Dare A, Balos L, Grand W. Neural-dural transition at the medial anterior cranial base: an anatomical and histological study with clinical applications. J Neurosurg. 2003;99:362-5 pubmed
  45. Sanghvi C, Richardson P, Leatherbarrow B. Unilateral lid retraction due to orbital fat entrapment in the anterior cranial fossa. Eye (Lond). 2005;19:695-7 pubmed
  46. Składzień J, Oles K, Moskała M, Strek P, Urbanik A, Stachura J, et al. [Own experience in treatment of patients with advanced tumours of the paranasal sinuses and the orbit, penetrating to the anterior and medial cranial fossa--preliminary report]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2007;61:416-22 pubmed publisher
    ..An en bloc excision of the tumour can be accomplished. The purpose of this study was to analyse oncological and functional results of craniofacial resection in our series of patients...
  47. Kazkayasi M, Batay F, Bademci G, Bengi O, Tekdemir I. The morphometric and cephalometric study of anterior cranial landmarks for surgery. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2008;51:21-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this work was to determine reliable bony landmarks for the anterior skull base and to standardize some specific dimensions among the frontal sinus and neighboring structures for safe anterior cranial surgery...
  48. Avci E, Ozturk A, Baba F, Torun F, Karabag H, Yücetaş S. Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: case report. Turk J Pediatr. 2008;50:495-9 pubmed
    ..In the present study, a case of giant desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma in a 22-month-old patient is presented, which had an aggressive radiological appearance in the midline and presented with atypical symptoms...
  49. Chang S, Wu A, Gore P, Beres E, Porter R, Preul M, et al. Quantitative comparison of Kawase's approach versus the retrosigmoid approach: implications for tumors involving both middle and posterior fossae. Neurosurgery. 2009;64:ons44-51; discussion ons51-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Few quantitative data are available to describe Kawase's exposure of the posterior fossa. We used a cadaveric model to compare Kawase's and the retrosigmoid approach to the petroclival region...
  50. Eloy J, Vivero R, Hoang K, Civantos F, Weed D, Morcos J, et al. Comparison of transnasal endoscopic and open craniofacial resection for malignant tumors of the anterior skull base. Laryngoscope. 2009;119:834-40 pubmed publisher
    ..However, this past decade has witnessed the emergence of transnasal endoscopic ASB resection (TER) as a feasible alternative. The aim of this study was to compare TER and CFR for ASB malignancy resection...
  51. Tubbs R, Loukas M, Shoja M, Cohen Gadol A. Refined and simplified surgical landmarks for the MacCarty keyhole and orbitozygomatic craniotomy. Neurosurgery. 2010;66:230-3 pubmed publisher
    Precise placement of the MacCarty keyhole, a burr hole simultaneously exposing the anterior cranial fossa floor and orbit, provides accurate, efficient entry for orbitozygomatic and supraorbital craniotomies...
  52. Derkowski W, Kedzia A, Glonek M. Clinical anatomy of the human anterior cranial fossa during the prenatal period. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2003;62:271-3 pubmed
    We examined the prenatal development of the human anterior cranial fossa and considered its clinical aspects...
  53. Vezina G. Congenital malformations of the brain: prenatal and postnatal imaging. Semin Roentgenol. 2004;39:165-81 pubmed
  54. Dodson K, Bridges M, Reiter E. Endoscopic transnasal management of intracranial foreign bodies. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;130:985-8 pubmed
    ..We discuss the preoperative evaluation required for this approach to be applied safely and successfully in properly selected cases...
  55. Kaplan M, Fischbein N, Harsh G. Anterior skull base surgery. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2005;38:107-31, ix pubmed
    ..This article focuses on selected key anatomic considerations in anterior skull base surgery, briefly reviews common pathologies of the paranasal sinuses, and provides an overview of surgical approaches, complications, and results...
  56. Vasvari G, Reisch R, Patonay L. Surgical anatomy of the cribriform plate and adjacent areas. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2005;48:25-33 pubmed
    ..The variations important in anterior skull base approaches are also discussed and compared with the data found in the literature. The surface anatomy and development of the cribriform plate is described...
  57. Chhabra R, Gupta S, Mohindra S, Mukherjee K, Bapuraj R, Khandelwal N, et al. Distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms: bifrontal basal anterior interhemispheric approach. Surg Neurol. 2005;64:315-9; discussion 320 pubmed
    ..Distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA) aneurysms are uncommon. Most authors have reported technical difficulties during surgery for these aneurysms, and a variety of surgical approaches have been advocated...
  58. Tzortzidis F, Partheni M, Voulgaris S, Gousias K, Konstantinou D. Resection of giant meningiomas of the anterior cranial fossa using orbital osteotomies. J Neurosurg Sci. 2005;49:77-84 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study is to present our experience with these approaches for treatment of giant anterior cranial fossa meningiomas.
  59. Erdogmus S, Govsa F. The anatomic landmarks of ethmoidal arteries for the surgical approaches. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:280-5 pubmed
    ..Advances in surgical techniques, instrumentation, and regional arterial anatomy have resulted in functional operations of endoscopic sinus and orbital surgery with fewer complications...
  60. Driscoll W, Columbia M, Peterfreund R. Awareness during general anesthesia: analysis of contributing causes aided by automatic data capture. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2007;19:268-72 pubmed
    ..Thus data from automated anesthesia information management in the operating room may help identify causes of awareness, and means to prevent awareness can be instituted...
  61. Bezircioglu H, Sucu H, Rezanko T, Minoglu M. Nasal-subfrontal giant schwannoma. Turk Neurosurg. 2008;18:412-4 pubmed
    ..We report a case of giant schwannoma involving the anterior cranial fossa; the frontal and ethmoid sinuses and nasal cavities...
  62. Oshino S, Saitoh Y, Yoshimine T. Withstand pressure of a simple fibrin glue sealant: experimental study of mimicked sellar reconstruction in extended transsphenoidal surgery. World Neurosurg. 2010;73:701-4 pubmed publisher
    ..To examine the strength and tolerance of the fibrin glue sealant in a situation of extended transsphenoidal surgery. The withstand pressure of fibrin glue sealant was measured using a simple sellar reconstruction model...
  63. Kawashima M, Matsushima T, Miyazono M, Hirokawa E, Baba H. Two surgical cases of internal carotid-ophthalmic artery aneurysms: special reference to the usefulness of three-dimensional CT angiography. Neurol Res. 2002;24:825-8 pubmed
    ..3D-CTA is an excellent noninvasive diagnostic method not only for detecting cerebral aneurysms, but also for evaluating the relationships between the aneurysms and surrounding structures...
  64. Greenberg B, Schneider S. Trigonocephaly: surgical considerations and long term evaluation. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:528-35 pubmed
    ..with parallel medial borders, thickened keel-shaped frontal bone, small ethmoid sinuses, and a short anterior cranial fossa with pitched sphenoid wings...
  65. da Costa L, Valiante T, Terbrugge K, Tymianski M. Anterior ethmoidal artery aneurysm and intracerebral hemorrhage. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2006;27:1672-4 pubmed
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second case of documented intracranial bleeding from such a lesion...
  66. Sarukawa S, Okazaki M, Asato H, Koshima I. Volumetric changes in the transferred flap after anterior craniofacial reconstruction. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2006;22:499-505; discussion 506-7 pubmed
    ..These values were assessed in two groups: five patients without and two with split calvarial bone grafts. Results demonstrated that the volumetric change of the reconstructed face with the bone graft was relatively stable...
  67. Eggers G, Kress B, Muhling J. Automated registration of intraoperative CT image data for navigated skull base surgery. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2008;51:15-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, registration can be performed fully automatically. The accuracy of this method for skull base surgery was investigated in this study...
  68. Lv X, Li Y, Liu A, Lv M, Jiang C, Wu Z. Endovascular embolization of dural arteriovenous fistulas of the anterior cranial fossa: three case reports. Neurol Res. 2008;30:852-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are rare intracranial lesions with a high risk of intracranial hemorrhage. We describe three cases of patients with DAVFs of the anterior cranial fossa.
  69. Leunig A, Betz C, Sommer B, Sommer F. [Anatomic variations of the sinuses; multiplanar CT-analysis in 641 patients]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2008;87:482-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Axial and sagittal views are often not available, yet they can provide important additional information...
  70. Chmielewski R, Paprocki A, Morawski K, Niemczyk K. Sphenoid sinus mucocele penetrating to the orbit, anterior and middle cranial fossae and parapharyngeal space: a case report. Otolaryngol Pol. 2010;64:47-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This extensive localization appears to be an extremely rare entity, which, to our knowledge, has not been described in the English literature yet. The clinical features and a literature review are also presented...
  71. Chi J, McDermott M. Tuberculum sellae meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003;14:e6 pubmed
    ..In most patients, improvement of vision can be achieved with minimal postoperative complications and morbidity...
  72. Matsushita T, Murai H, Kawajiri M, Muratani H, Iwaki T, Taniwaki T, et al. Character changes from idiopathic cranial pachymeningoencephalitis. J Neurol Sci. 2006;244:163-6 pubmed
    ..This is the first case to describe recurrent pachymeningoencephalitis with character changes, and symptoms were probably due to frontal lobe dysfunction...
  73. Li Y, Zhang T, An Y, Shi J, Fu J, Qiu E. [Clinical study of lacrimal gland tumor involving anterior and middle cranial fossae]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2006;86:1597-9 pubmed
    ..To investigate the clinical manifestations of lacrimal gland tumor involving the anterior and middle cranial fossae and the effect of transcranial-orbital approach in treatment of such tumor...
  74. Ganly I, Gross N, Patel S, Bilsky M, Shah J, Kraus D. Outcome of craniofacial resection in patients 70 years of age and older. Head Neck. 2007;29:89-94 pubmed
    ..Craniofacial resection (CFR) for patients over 70 years of age is uncommon. This study examines a cohort of 36 patients who had CFR at a single institution with the aim of reporting mortality, complications, and outcome...
  75. Vellin J, Achim V, Sinardet D, Gabrillargues J, Mom T, Gilain L. Rapidly developing leptomeningeal carcinomatosis following anterior skull base surgery: a case report. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2007;34:565-7 pubmed
    ..Otolaryngologists should be aware of the possibility of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, before or after surgery, in a patient presents with an appropriate constellation of neurologic symptoms and a history of cancer...
  76. Fliss D, Abergel A, Cavel O, Margalit N, Gil Z. Combined subcranial approaches for excision of complex anterior skull base tumors. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;133:888-96 pubmed
    ..To present our method for excision of complex anterior skull base tumors via combinations of the subcranial approach...
  77. Margalit N, Kesler A, Ezer H, Freedman S, Ram Z. Tuberculum and diaphragma sella meningioma--surgical technique and visual outcome in a series of 20 cases operated over a 2.5-year period. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2007;149:1199-204; discussion 204 pubmed
    ..A retrospective analysis of 20 cases of tuberculum sella meningioma with emphasis on the surgical technique and visual outcome...
  78. Lai H, Huang Z, Zhang J, Guo Z, Weng S, Yan X. [Surgical treatment of nasosinus tumor involving base of the anterior cranial fossa]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2003;17:451-3 pubmed
    To explore the operative approach for nasosinus tumors involving the base of the anterior cranial fossa.
  79. Kurtsoy A, Menku A, Tucer B, Suat Oktem I, Akdemir H, Kemal Koc R. Transbasal approaches: surgical details, pitfalls and avoidances. Neurosurg Rev. 2004;27:267-73 pubmed
    ..Despite the incidence of postoperative infection and the high rate of CSF leakage and death, it is possible to obtain long-term survival for patients with tumors previously considered challenging and difficult surgical problems...
  80. Ganly I, Patel S, Singh B, Kraus D, Bridger P, Cantu G, et al. Craniofacial resection for malignant melanoma of the skull base: report of an international collaborative study. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;132:73-8 pubmed
  81. Martin T, Loehrl T. Endoscopic CSF leak repair. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;15:35-9 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this review is to discuss endoscopic management of cerebrospinal fluid leaks and to highlight recent advances in both outcomes and technique...
  82. Matyja E, Grajkowska W, Marchel A, Rysz A, Majkowska Zwolinska B. Ectopic cerebellum in anterior cranial fossa: Report of a unique case associated with skull congenital malformations and epilepsy. Am J Surg Pathol. 2007;31:322-5 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first report of totally isolated, well-differentiated ectopic cerebellum in the anterior cranial fossa accompanied by skull deformation and epilepsy.
  83. Germani R, Vivero R, Herzallah I, Casiano R. Endoscopic reconstruction of large anterior skull base defects using acellular dermal allograft. Am J Rhinol. 2007;21:615-8 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to review our experience with the use of acellular dermis as the sole graft material in endoscopic reconstruction of large ASB defects...
  84. Truong M, Kamat U, Liebsch N, Curry W, Lin D, Barker F, et al. Proton radiation therapy for primary sphenoid sinus malignancies: treatment outcome and prognostic factors. Head Neck. 2009;31:1297-308 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine treatment outcome and prognostic factors in patients with locally advanced primary sphenoid sinus malignancy treated with proton radiation therapy...
  85. Noone M, Osguthorpe J, Patel S. Pericranial flap for closure of paramedian anterior skull base defects. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002;127:494-500 pubmed
    We sought to examine the position of a pericranial flap reconstruction of anterior skull base defects with respect to the original floor of the anterior cranial fossa.
  86. Ness G, Lybaek H, Arnes J, Rødahl E. Chromosomal imbalances in a recurrent solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit. Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2005;162:38-44 pubmed
    ..Although morphologically similar, the second recurrent tumor invaded the anterior cranial fossa and demonstrated considerably faster growth than the first recurrent tumor...
  87. Adachi K, Yoshida K, Miwa T, Ikeda E, Kawase T. Olfactory schwannoma. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2007;149:605-10; discussion 610-1 pubmed
    ..We suggest this observation has not been reported because the growing olfactory schwannoma changes the local morphology, affecting the appearance of the olfactory nerve...
  88. Mitchell A, Alburger J, Bolger W, Frew M, Richardson A. Three-dimensional imaging of the pterygopalatine fossa. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;136:1014-6 pubmed
  89. Liang W, Xiaofeng Y, Weiguo L, Wusi Q, Gang S, Xuesheng Z. Traumatic carotid cavernous fistula accompanying basilar skull fracture: a study on the incidence of traumatic carotid cavernous fistula in the patients with basilar skull fracture and the prognostic analysis about traumatic carotid cavernous fistula. J Trauma. 2007;63:1014-20; discussion 1020 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of this disorder in different types of basilar skull fracture, determine whether particular clinical factors impacted outcomes, and discuss ways of improving prognosis...
  90. Hendryk S, Czecior E, Misiołek M, Namysłowski G, Mrowka R. Surgical strategies in the removal of malignant tumors and benign lesions of the anterior skull base. Neurosurg Rev. 2004;27:205-13 pubmed
    ..Transfacial approaches provide limited exposure, especially when tumors damage the floor of the anterior cranial fossa and involve the frontobasal dura and brain...
  91. Chibbaro S, Tacconi L. Orbito-cranial injuries caused by penetrating non-missile foreign bodies. Experience with eighteen patients. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2006;148:937-41; discussion 941-2 pubmed
    ..Penetrating non-missile orbito-cranial injuries are uncommon civilian injuries which have some special features. Only limited case-reports are available in the international literature...
  92. Cultrera F, Giuffrida M, Mancuso P. Delayed post-traumatic frontal sinus mucopyocoele presenting with meningitis. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2006;34:502-4 pubmed
    ..To highlight a rare but potentially serious complication of frontal sinus injuries...