nasal septum

Summary

Summary: The partition separating the two NASAL CAVITIES in the midplane. It is formed by the SEPTAL NASAL CARTILAGE, parts of skull bones (ETHMOID BONE; VOMER), and membranous parts.

Top Publications

  1. Hoy N, Wong J, Mahmood M, Brassard A. Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal septum presenting as a primary cutaneous lesion. J Cutan Med Surg. 2012;16:375-7 pubmed
    ..There are only two case reports in the literature documenting a nasal cavity squamous cell carcinoma presenting as a primary cutaneous lesion...
  2. Frank D, Kimbell J, Cannon D, Pawar S, Rhee J. Deviated nasal septum hinders intranasal sprays: a computer simulation study. Rhinology. 2012;50:311-8 pubmed publisher
    This study investigates how deviated nasal septum affects the quantity and distribution of spray particles, and examines the effects of inspiratory airflow and head position on particle transport.
  3. Farronato G, Giannini L, Galbiati G, Maspero C. RME: influences on the nasal septum. Minerva Stomatol. 2012;61:125-34 pubmed
    The aim of this work consists in analyzing the consequences of RME on the nasal septum.
  4. Phillips P, Stow N, Timperley D, Sacks R, Srubiski A, Harvey R, et al. Functional and cosmetic outcomes of external approach septoplasty. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2011;25:351-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was designed to describe functional and cosmetic outcomes of the external approach for septoplasty...
  5. Sykes J, Kim J, Shaye D, Boccieri A. The importance of the nasal septum in the deviated nose. Facial Plast Surg. 2011;27:413-21 pubmed publisher
    The nasal septum plays an important role in both the appearance and function of the nose. Deviation of the nose is common and correction requires a focused, anatomically based treatment...
  6. Young E, Dabrowski M, Brelsford K. Osteoblastoma of the nasal septum. J Laryngol Otol. 2011;125:1062-6 pubmed publisher
    To present a case of, and to review the literature concerning, osteoblastoma of the nasal cavity, and to demonstrate the importance of considering this rare entity when assessing patients presenting with a nasal septum lesion.
  7. Lee D, Yoon T, Lee J, Joo Y, Kim I, Jang W, et al. Clinical utility of the inferior turbinate flaps in the reconstruction of the nasal septum and skull base. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:e322-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Because of the technical difficulties of endoscopic preparation of the ITF, clinical studies on endoscopic management with the ITFs have been sporadic...
  8. Nease C, Deal R. Septoplasty in conjunction with cosmetic rhinoplasty. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2012;24:49-58 pubmed publisher
    This article discusses the intimate relationship that the form of the nasal septum and the esthetics of the nose have with one another and that alterations of either can significantly affect the other...
  9. Fakih M, Lombardo J. Bevacizumab-induced nasal septum perforation. Oncologist. 2006;11:85-6 pubmed

More Information

Publications92

  1. Tastan E, Demirci M, Aydin E, Aydogan F, Kazikdas K, Kurkcuoglu M, et al. A novel method for internal nasal valve reconstruction: H-graft technique. Laryngoscope. 2011;121:480-6 pubmed publisher
  2. Tsuda T, Nakajima A, Baba S, Tanohara K, Masuda I, Yamada T, et al. A case of relapsing polychondritis with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss and perforation of the nasal septum at the onset. Mod Rheumatol. 2007;17:148-52 pubmed
    A 33-year-old woman suffered from epistaxis and perforation of the nasal septum. Based on a biopsy of nasal mucosa, Wegener's granulomatosis was suspected initially...
  3. Garcia G, Rhee J, Senior B, Kimbell J. Septal deviation and nasal resistance: an investigation using virtual surgery and computational fluid dynamics. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2010;24:e46-53 pubmed publisher
    ..This study illustrates how computational modeling and virtual manipulation of the nasal geometry are useful to investigate nasal physiology. ..
  4. Li H, Lee L, Wang P, Chen N, Lin Y, Fang T. Nasal surgery for snoring in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Laryngoscope. 2008;118:354-9 pubmed
    ..5 +/- 33.2 events/hr) and symptomatic nasal obstruction secondary to deviated nasal septum. Septomeatoplasty alone was the treatment in this study cohort...
  5. Sazgar A, Massah J, Sadeghi M, Bagheri A, Rasool E. The incidence of concha bullosa and the correlation with nasal septal deviation. B-ENT. 2008;4:87-91 pubmed
    ..This hypothesis can be proved by reference to the laws of physics. ..
  6. Blaise G, Vanhooteghem O, de la Brassinne M. [Perforation of the nasal septum in cocaine abusers]. Rev Med Liege. 2005;60:845-8 pubmed
    ..In the present case, in which cocaine was nasally inhaled, the perforation of the cartilaginous nasal septum propably result from a combination of factors, including the topical effects and the complications linked to ..
  7. Kashiwakura I, Takahashi K, Monzen S, Nakamura T, Takagaki K. Ex vivo expansions of megakaryocytopoiesis from placental and umbilical cord blood CD34(+) cells in serum-free culture supplemented with proteoglycans extracted from the nasal cartilage of salmon heads and the nasal septum cartilage of whale. Life Sci. 2008;82:1023-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Highly purified proteoglycan (PG) extracted from the nasal cartilage of salmon heads and the nasal septum cartilage of a whale were applied to the ex vivo expansion of megakaryocytopoiesis and thrombopoiesis from ..
  8. Mladina R, Cujić E, Subaric M, Vukovic K. Nasal septal deformities in ear, nose, and throat patients: an international study. Am J Otolaryngol. 2008;29:75-82 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and characteristics of nasal septum deformities in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) patients in various geographic regions in the world...
  9. Lee S, Liong K, Lee H. Deformation of nasal septum during nasal trauma. Laryngoscope. 2010;120:1931-9 pubmed publisher
    Injury to the nasal septum is commonly found in most nasal fractures. The nasal septum deforms and crumples, leading to nasal deviation and internal nasal obstruction...
  10. Gubisch W. Extracorporeal septoplasty for the markedly deviated septum. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2005;7:218-26 pubmed
    To describe a technique of extracorporeal septal reconstruction to correct the markedly deviated nasal septum. Retrospective medical chart review of 2119 patients undergoing extracorporeal septoplasty from January 1, 1981, through July 31,..
  11. Ruiz N, Fernandez Martos C, Romero I, Pla A, Maiquez J, Calatrava A, et al. Invasive fungal infection and nasal septum perforation with bevacizumab-based therapy in advanced colon cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2007;25:3376-7 pubmed
  12. Kamani T, Yilmaz T, Surucu S, Turan E, Brent K. Scanning electron microscopy of ciliae and saccharine test for ciliary function in septal deviations. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:586-90 pubmed
    To investigate the difference in mucociliary clearance and surface mucosal structure of the nasal septum and lateral nasal wall in patients with and without septal deviation...
  13. Most S. Anterior septal reconstruction: outcomes after a modified extracorporeal septoplasty technique. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006;8:202-7 pubmed
    ..The technique avoids the most common complication of standard extracorporeal septoplasty by preserving the dorsal strut of septal cartilage and its attachment to the nasal bones at the keystone area. ..
  14. Kumar S, Reddy P, Prabhakar G. Pleomorphic adenoma of the nasal septum--a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2004;47:397-8 pubmed
    ..Here, we discuss a case of pleomorphic adenoma of the nasal cavity...
  15. Boahene K, Hilger P. Alar rim grafting in rhinoplasty: indications, technique, and outcomes. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2009;11:285-9 pubmed publisher
    ..At a mean 6-month follow-up, there were no graft displacements or extrusion. Alar rim grafting is a simple and versatile approach to providing additional support to the external nasal valve and for improving nasal base contour. ..
  16. Heppt W, Gubisch W. Septal surgery in rhinoplasty. Facial Plast Surg. 2011;27:167-78 pubmed publisher
    ..After initial general remarks on the basic procedures, this article focuses on current concepts of septum correction that have to be adapted to the individual pathologic condition. ..
  17. Egeli E, Demirci L, Yazýcý B, Harputluoglu U. Evaluation of the inferior turbinate in patients with deviated nasal septum by using computed tomography. Laryngoscope. 2004;114:113-7 pubmed
    ..and radiological changes of the compensatory hypertrophic inferior turbinate in patients with deviated nasal septum. A prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial at a university medical center...
  18. Foda H. The role of septal surgery in management of the deviated nose. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;115:406-15 pubmed
    ..A graduated surgical approach was adopted to allow correction of the dorsal and caudal deviations of the nasal septum without weakening its structural support to the dorsum or nasal tip...
  19. Ho K, Diaz Valdes S, Protsenko D, Aguilar G, Wong B. Electromechanical reshaping of septal cartilage. Laryngoscope. 2003;113:1916-21 pubmed
    ..These findings demonstrate that cartilage can be reshaped through the process we have described as "electroforming" by generating intrinsic differences in charge separation with negligible heat production. ..
  20. Singh A, Patel N, Kenyon G, Donaldson G. Is there objective evidence that septal surgery improves nasal airflow?. J Laryngol Otol. 2006;120:916-20 pubmed
    ..To identify any prospective, controlled trials providing objective evidence of a reduction in nasal airway resistance following nasal septal surgery, and to undertake a meta-analysis of available data...
  21. Ballert J, Park S. Functional considerations in revision rhinoplasty. Facial Plast Surg. 2008;24:348-57 pubmed publisher
    ..This article on nasal obstruction after rhinoplasty emphasizes the precise anatomic diagnosis and describes successful methods used to correct the dysfunction...
  22. Moshaver A, Gantous A. The use of autogenous costal cartilage graft in septorhinoplasty. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;137:862-7 pubmed
    ..Autogenous costal cartilage graft is a viable option in reconstructive septorhinoplasty. We advocate the use of this graft in septorhinoplasty cases requiring a large volume of tissue and insufficient septal cartilage. ..
  23. Gubisch W. Twenty-five years experience with extracorporeal septoplasty. Facial Plast Surg. 2006;22:230-9 pubmed
    ..Therefore, we conclude that the extracorporeal septoplasty with its refinements and the way we are doing it today can also be recommended to less experienced rhinosurgeons...
  24. Petrelli F, Cabiddu M, Barbara C, Barni S. A patient presenting nasal septum perforation during bevacizumab-containing chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer. Breast Cancer. 2011;18:226-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Nasal septum perforation is a rare but described complication of the anti-angiogenetic agent bevacizumab...
  25. Hall J, Peters M, Hilger P. Modification of the Skoog dorsal reduction for preservation of the middle nasal vault. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2004;6:105-10 pubmed
    ..We can avoid osteotomies in patients with an appropriate preoperative width of their bony base while correcting the open roof with the replaced dorsal segment. ..
  26. Costa D, Sanford T, Janney C, Cooper M, Sindwani R. Radiographic and anatomic characterization of the nasal septal swell body. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;136:1107-10 pubmed publisher
    ..5 cm above the nasal floor. The high proportion of venous sinusoids within the swell body suggests the capacity to alter nasal airflow. Additional study is required before these findings are used in a clinical setting. ..
  27. Haack J, Papel I. Caudal septal deviation. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2009;42:427-36 pubmed publisher
    The nasal septum is a structure poorly understood and appreciated by the lay public and the nonotolaryngologist--head and neck surgeon alike...
  28. Pawar S, Garcia G, Kimbell J, Rhee J. Objective measures in aesthetic and functional nasal surgery: perspectives on nasal form and function. Facial Plast Surg. 2010;26:320-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we present an overview of objective measures in both aesthetic and functional nasal surgery and discuss future trends and applications that have the potential to change the way we assess nasal form and function...
  29. D Ascanio L, Lancione C, Pompa G, Rebuffini E, Mansi N, Manzini M. Craniofacial growth in children with nasal septum deviation: a cephalometric comparative study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;74:1180-3 pubmed publisher
    ..However little is known about the possible influence of nasal septum deviation on craniofacial growth in childhood...
  30. Sun X, Tang Y, Liu Y, Zhang J, Zhang X, Su Y. [Analysis of the character of self-adaptation of nasal structure in patients with nasal septum deviation]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2008;43:351-4 pubmed
    To analyze the different characters of nasal airflow-field between 10 patients with nasal septum deviation and 20 healthy Chinese people by the method of three-dimensional reconstruction of these people's nasal cavity and numerical ..
  31. Neumann A, Morales Minovi C, Schultz Coulon H. [Closure of nasal septum perforations by bridge flaps]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2011;62:31-9 pubmed publisher
    Treating nasal septum perforation is challenging from every point of view for patients who suffer from this condition...
  32. Montague M, Whymark A, Howatson A, Kubba H. The pathology of visible blood vessels on the nasal septum in children with epistaxis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011;75:1032-4 pubmed publisher
    ..About half the children who present with epistaxis have prominent vessels on the nasal septum. The aim of this study was to determine the pathological nature of the prominent septal vessels in children ..
  33. Watanabe N, Moriwaki K. Atypical eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis on nasal septum. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2006;33:355-8 pubmed
    ..angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is a rare benign condition of unknown aetiology and is most commonly found in the nasal septum and sinus mucosa. We report a case of EAF and present a review of the available literature...
  34. Uslu H, Uslu C, Varoglu E, Demirci M, Seven B. Effects of septoplasty and septal deviation on nasal mucociliary clearance. Int J Clin Pract. 2004;58:1108-11 pubmed
    ..Septal deviation affects the mucociliary activity. It is improved by surgery. This study showed that nasal septal deviation reduced the nasal mucociliary activity, and this can easily evaluated with scintigraphy...
  35. Bayiz U, Dursun E, Islam A, Korkmaz H, Arslan N, Ceylan K, et al. Is septoplasty alone adequate for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with septal deviation?. Am J Rhinol. 2005;19:612-6 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to reveal the role of septoplasty in curing chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in patients with significant septal deviation...
  36. Li H, Lin Y, Chen N, Lee L, Fang T, Wang P. Improvement in quality of life after nasal surgery alone for patients with obstructive sleep apnea and nasal obstruction. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:429-33 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the impact of nasal surgery alone on quality of life (QOL) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and nasal obstruction using generic and disease-specific QOL questionnaires...
  37. Gruber R, Park E, Newman J, Berkowitz L, Oneal R. The spreader flap in primary rhinoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;119:1903-10 pubmed
    ..Many of these patients need spreader grafts to reconstruct the middle third of the nose. However, it is possible to reconstruct the upper lateral cartilages into "spreader flaps" that act much like spreader grafts...
  38. Oikawa F, Carvalho D, Matsuda N, Yamada A. Histoplasmosis in the nasal septum without pulmonary involvement in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: case report and literature review. Sao Paulo Med J. 2010;128:236-8 pubmed
    ..The spores can be found in soil contaminated with bird, bat or chicken feces. Histoplasmosis occurs worldwide and is one of the most common pulmonary and systemic mycoses...
  39. Alkan S, Dadas B, Celik D, Coskun B, Yilmaz F, Basak T. The efficacy of N-2-butyl cyanoacrylate in the fixation of nasal septum to the anterior nasal spine in rabbits: experimental study. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;264:1425-30 pubmed
    In nasal septal surgery, fixing the caudal portion of the nasal septum to the anterior nasal spine is difficult with the present techniques. N-2-butyl cyanoacrylate is a form of cyanoacrylate which is bioabsorbable and biocompatible...
  40. Yeo N, Jang Y. Rhinoplasty to correct nasal deformities in postseptoplasty patients. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2009;23:540-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was designed to examine various causes and effective techniques of rhinoplasty for correction of nasal deformities after septoplasty...
  41. Shafiee A, Kabiri M, Ahmadbeigi N, Yazdani S, Mojtahed M, Amanpour S, et al. Nasal septum-derived multipotent progenitors: a potent source for stem cell-based regenerative medicine. Stem Cells Dev. 2011;20:2077-91 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, NSP could be considered as an alternative autologous cell source that can bring them to the top of therapeutic applications...
  42. Bengrine Lefevre L, Afchain P, Chibaudel B, Gervais H, Tournigand C, de Gramont A, et al. [Nasal septum perforation and bevacizumab]. Rev Med Interne. 2011;32:e43-5 pubmed publisher
    A 52-year-old woman, with a metastatic breast cancer, presented with a nasal septum perforation while receiving a treatment combining paclitaxel and bevacizumab...
  43. Tasca I, Compadretti G. Extranasopharyngeal angiofibroma of nasal septum. A controversial entity. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2008;28:312-4 pubmed
    ..The maxillary sinus is the most common site involved, while the nasal septum represents an extremely rare localization...
  44. Schwentner I, Dejakum K, Schmutzhard J, Deibl M, Sprinzl G. Does nasal septal surgery improve quality of life?. Acta Otolaryngol. 2006;126:752-7 pubmed
    ..In addition to functional ameliorations we have shown that septoplasty creates a long-lasting improvement in quality of life in patients with nasal septal deviation...
  45. Miles B, Petrisor D, Kao H, Finn R, Throckmorton G. Anatomical variation of the nasal septum: analysis of 57 cadaver specimens. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;136:362-8 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to examine the anatomical variation of the osseous and cartilaginous components of the nasal septum.
  46. Zielnik Jurkiewicz B, Olszewska Sosińska O. The nasal septum deformities in children and adolescents from Warsaw, Poland. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;70:731-6 pubmed
    The final shape of the nasal septum deformities is a result of irregular development of the nasomaxillary complex or of a nasal injury. Nasal septum deformities reveal in childhood...
  47. Mowlavi A, Masouem S, Kalkanis J, Guyuron B. Septal cartilage defined: implications for nasal dynamics and rhinoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;117:2171-4 pubmed
    ..Despite such routine alteration and/or use, the characteristics of septal cartilage have not been adequately defined...
  48. Traina T, Norton L, Drucker K, Singh B. Nasal septum perforation in a bevacizumab-treated patient with metastatic breast cancer. Oncologist. 2006;11:1070-1 pubmed
  49. Korkut A, Teker A, Eren S, Gedikli O, Askiner O. A randomised prospective trial of trans-septal suturing using a novel device versus nasal packing for septoplasty. Rhinology. 2010;48:179-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Trans-septal suturing is not commonly used, since it takes time and is technically difficult with the available devices following septoplasty...
  50. Ishida M, Hotta M, Kushima R, Shibayama M, Shimizu T, Okabe H. Multiple IgG4-related sclerosing lesions in the maxillary sinus, parotid gland and nasal septum. Pathol Int. 2009;59:670-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein is reported a case of multiple IgG4-related sclerosing lesions in the maxillary sinus, parotid gland and nasal septum. A 73-year-old Japanese man presented with nasal obstruction and tumors of the right maxillary sinus and ..
  51. Stewart M, Smith T, Weaver E, Witsell D, Yueh B, Hannley M, et al. Outcomes after nasal septoplasty: results from the Nasal Obstruction Septoplasty Effectiveness (NOSE) study. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;130:283-90 pubmed
    ..Our goal was to assess disease-specific quality of life outcomes after nasal septoplasty in adults with nasal obstruction...
  52. Euteneuer S, Sudhoff H, Stein H, Delling G, Dazert S. [Clear cell chondrosarcoma (CCCS) of the nasal septum]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2004;83:232-5 pubmed
    ..This case report gives the first description of a CCCS originating from the nasal septum.
  53. Lee H, Garlapati R, Chong V, Wang D. Effects of septal perforation on nasal airflow: computer simulation study. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:48-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Nasal septal perforation is a structural or anatomical defect in the septum. The present study focused on the effects of septal perforation on nasal airflow and nasal patency, investigated using a computer simulation model...
  54. Petersson F, Pang B, Loke D, Hao L, Yan B. Biphasic low-grade nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma with a prominent spindle cell component: report of a case localized to the posterior nasal septum. Head Neck Pathol. 2011;5:306-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The tumor was located on the posterior nasal septum. The spindle cells displayed nuclear features very much similar to the epithelial component and the two cell ..
  55. Karamzadeh A, Chang J, Diaz S, E Milner T, Wong B. Long-term in vivo stability of rabbit nasal septal cartilage following laser cartilage reshaping: a pilot investigation. Lasers Surg Med. 2005;36:147-54 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the long-term effect of laser cartilage reshaping on rabbit nasal septal cartilage viability and mechanical integrity in an in vivo model...
  56. André R, Lohuis P, Vuyk H. Nasal septum perforation repair using differently designed, bilateral intranasal flaps, with nonopposing suture lines. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59:829-34 pubmed
  57. Kridel R. Considerations in the etiology, treatment, and repair of septal perforations. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2004;12:435-50, vi pubmed
    ..This article describes presenting symptoms and findings for septal perforations, the history and physical examination, causes, helpful hints for prevention of perforations, and surgical and nonsurgical treatment options and outcomes...
  58. Power D, Kemeny N. Nasal septum perforation and bevacizumab. Med Oncol. 2011;28:89-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein, we report three cases of spontaneous nasal septum perforation secondary to bevacizumab...
  59. Stallman J, Lobo J, Som P. The incidence of concha bullosa and its relationship to nasal septal deviation and paranasal sinus disease. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004;25:1613-8 pubmed
    ..However, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated concha bullosa in relation to nasal septal deviation. We sought to analyze the incidence of concha bullosa and any correlation with nasal septal deviation and paranasal sinus disease...
  60. Rhee J, Poetker D, Smith T, Bustillo A, Burzynski M, Davis R. Nasal valve surgery improves disease-specific quality of life. Laryngoscope. 2005;115:437-40 pubmed
    ..The objectives of the study were to determine whether surgical treatment of the nasal valve improves disease-specific QOL and to identify clinical or demographic variables predictive of patients' baseline QOL or change in QOL...
  61. Kikuchi S, Ninomiya T, Kawamata T, Ogasawara N, Kojima T, Tachi N, et al. The acid-sensing ion channel 2 (ASIC2) of ciliated cells in the developing rat nasal septum. Arch Histol Cytol. 2010;73:81-9 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to detect the expression of ASIC2 in the nasal septum in the embryonic stage of the rat...
  62. Kim S, Choi J, Jeon H, Cha H, Kim D, Chung Y. Polysomnographic effects of nasal surgery for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Acta Otolaryngol. 2004;124:297-300 pubmed
    ..We used portable polysomnography (PSG) to assess the efficacy of nasal surgery for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
  63. Lee M, Inman J, Callahan S, Ducic Y. Fracture patterns of the nasal septum. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;143:784-8 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate fracture patterns of the nasal septum.
  64. Ulusoy B, Arbag H, Sari O, Yöndemli F. Evaluation of the effects of nasal septal deviation and its surgery on nasal mucociliary clearance in both nasal cavities. Am J Rhinol. 2007;21:180-3 pubmed
    ..In this study the effects of nasal septal deviation (NSD) and its surgery on nasal mucociliary clearance velocity (NMCV) in both nasal cavities were evaluated...
  65. Ozlugedik S, Nakiboglu G, Sert C, Elhan A, Tonuk E, Akyar S, et al. Numerical study of the aerodynamic effects of septoplasty and partial lateral turbinectomy. Laryngoscope. 2008;118:330-4 pubmed
    ..To investigate, first, the effects of septal deviation and concha bullosa on nasal airflow, and second, the aerodynamic changes induced by septoplasty and partial lateral turbinectomy, using computational fluid dynamics (CFD)...
  66. Dornbusch H, Buzina W, Summerbell R, Lass Florl C, Lackner H, Schwinger W, et al. Fusarium verticillioides abscess of the nasal septum in an immunosuppressed child: case report and identification of the morphologically atypical fungal strain. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:1998-2001 pubmed
    ..Definitive identification was achieved by sequencing the translation elongation factor alpha gene after ribosomal sequencing proved inadequate...
  67. Wealthall R, Herring S. Endochondral ossification of the mouse nasal septum. Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol. 2006;288:1163-72 pubmed
    Endochondral ossification at the caudal junctions of the cartilaginous nasal septum, in combination with interstitial expansion of the septum, is thought to displace the facial skeleton away from the neurocranium...
  68. Murakami C. Nasal valve collapse. Ear Nose Throat J. 2004;83:163-4 pubmed
  69. Kryssia R, Henry Z. Nasal septum perforation: rare manifestation of Crohn's disease. Indian J Gastroenterol. 2006;25:214 pubmed
    ..Endoscopy and biopsy showed inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Endoscopic and histologic diagnosis of Crohn s disease was made later; the granulomatous nasal lesions responded to sulfasalazine and azathioprine...
  70. Li C, Protsenko D, Zemek A, Chae Y, Wong B. Analysis of Nd:YAG laser-mediated thermal damage in rabbit nasal septal cartilage. Lasers Surg Med. 2007;39:451-7 pubmed
    ..The present study seeks to understand the safety of LCR by determining shape change and resultant tissue viability as a function of laser dosimetry...
  71. Chan T, Spiegel J. Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis of the membranous nasal septum. J Laryngol Otol. 2007;121:998-1002 pubmed
    ..Currently, the recommended treatment consists of a combination of surgical debridement and long-term antibiotic therapy. We present a case report of a culture-positive diagnosis of rhinoscleroma, and we review the existing literature...
  72. Shinohara K, Hashimoto K, Yamashita M, Omori K. Schwannoma of the nasal septum removed with endoscopic surgery. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;132:963-4 pubmed
    ..Flexible endoscopy revealed a mass in the posterior aspect of the right nasal cavity to the posterior aspect of the left nasal cavity around the posterior edge of the nasal septum.
  73. Orlandi R. A systematic analysis of septal deviation associated with rhinosinusitis. Laryngoscope. 2010;120:1687-95 pubmed publisher
    ..A systematic analysis was therefore performed to answer the question, is septal deviation associated with rhinosinusitis?..
  74. Leong S, Chen X, Lee H, Wang D. A review of the implications of computational fluid dynamic studies on nasal airflow and physiology. Rhinology. 2010;48:139-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Computational fluid dynamics has been adapted to studying nasal aerodynamics...
  75. Dobratz E, Tran V, Hilger P. Comparison of techniques used to support the nasal tip and their long-term effects on tip position. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2010;12:172-9 pubmed publisher
  76. Boyce J, Eccles R. Do chronic changes in nasal airflow have any physiological or pathological effect on the nose and paranasal sinuses? A systematic review. Clin Otolaryngol. 2006;31:15-9 pubmed
    ..Such studies provide evidence that reduced nasal airflow causes no significant nasal disease. . There is no convincing evidence that a reduction in nasal airflow is a causative factor for rhinitis or sinusitis...
  77. Titiz A, Zeyrek T, Ozcan M, Sabuncuoglu B, Yilmaz Y, Unal A. The effects of merocel and glove finger tampon applications on the nasal septum mucosa of rabbits. Rhinology. 2008;46:112-5 pubmed
    The use of tampons after nasal septum surgery is important for both prevention of postoperative bleeding and stabilization of the nasal flaps and the septum...
  78. Goh A, Hussain S. Different surgical treatments for nasal septal perforation and their outcomes. J Laryngol Otol. 2007;121:419-26 pubmed
    ..To critically evaluate the literature on surgical treatment options for nasal septal perforations and to analyse the outcomes of these treatment options...
  79. Araco A, Gravante G, Araco F, Castri F, Delogu D, Filingeri V, et al. Autologous cartilage graft rhinoplasties. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2006;30:169-74 pubmed
    ..The authors report their experience with autologous graft rhinoplasties...
  80. Alzarae A, Hussein M, Amri D, Mokarbesh H. Primary meningioma of the nasal septum: a case report and review of literature. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol. 2010;18:296-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report a case of primary meningioma of the nasal septum. A 60-year-old man presented with nasal obstruction and postnasal drip...
  81. Skouras A, Noussios G, Chouridis P, Argyriou N, Kontzoglou G. Acoustic rhinometry to evaluate plastic surgery results of the nasal septum. B-ENT. 2009;5:19-23 pubmed
    Acoustic rhinometry to evaluate plastic surgery results of the nasal septum.
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