periapical tissue


Summary: Tissue surrounding the apex of a tooth, including the apical portion of the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone.

Top Publications

  1. Malentacca A, Uccioli U, Zangari D, Lajolo C, Fabiani C. Efficacy and safety of various active irrigation devices when used with either positive or negative pressure: an in vitro study. J Endod. 2012;38:1622-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of different devices available for canal cleansing...
  2. Mutoh N, Satoh T, Watabe H, Tani Ishii N. Evaluation of the biocompatibility of resin-based root canal sealers in rat periapical tissue. Dent Mater J. 2013;32:413-9 pubmed
    ..Wistar rats underwent tooth replantation for reproducing the response of periapical tissue with RCSs...
  3. Lambrianidis T, Tosounidou E, Tzoanopoulou M. The effect of maintaining apical patency on periapical extrusion. J Endod. 2001;27:696-8 pubmed
    ..Results indicated that there was significant difference in the amounts of extruded material before and after the enlargement of the apical constriction with greater extrusion when the constriction remained intact...
  4. Ricucci D, Bergenholtz G. Bacterial status in root-filled teeth exposed to the oral environment by loss of restoration and fracture or caries--a histobacteriological study of treated cases. Int Endod J. 2003;36:787-802 pubmed
    ..To describe histological and microbiological findings in teeth where root fillings had been exposed to caries and the oral environment for a prolonged period...
  5. Bernabe P, Holland R, Morandi R, de Souza V, Nery M, Otoboni Filho J, et al. Comparative study of MTA and other materials in retrofilling of pulpless dogs' teeth. Braz Dent J. 2005;16:149-55 pubmed
    ..IRM, Super EBA and ZOE in a puttylike consistency, used as retrofilling materials, in the healing process of periapical tissue of pulpless dogs' teeth submitted to a conventional retrofilling technique...
  6. Sperandio C, Silveira L, de Araújo L, Martos J, Malshe A. Response of the periapical tissue of dogs' teeth to the action of citric acid and EDTA. J Appl Oral Sci. 2008;16:59-63 pubmed
    ..482) or 48-hour (p=0.377) periods. It may be concluded that the inflammatory response was of mild intensity for the tested substances...
  7. Mutoh N, Tani Ishii N. A biocompatible model for evaluation of the responses of rat periapical tissue to a new zinc oxide-eugenol sealer. Dent Mater J. 2011;30:176-82 pubmed
    ..Mild inflammation occurred in the periapical tissue of the replanted teeth with both ZOE sealers on day 7, whereas the eugenol-free sealer induced severe ..
  8. Liao J, Al Shahrani M, Al Habib M, Tanaka T, Huang G. Cells isolated from inflamed periapical tissue express mesenchymal stem cell markers and are highly osteogenic. J Endod. 2011;37:1217-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The objectives of this study were to detect the expression of MSC markers in periapical inflammatory tissues and to characterize isolated cells from these tissues...
  9. Tepel J, Darwisch el Sawaf M, Hoppe W. Reaction of inflamed periapical tissue to intracanal medicaments and root canal sealers. Endod Dent Traumatol. 1994;10:233-8 pubmed
    ..The intracanal medicament chlorophenol caused periapical tissue damage. P-chloroxylenol-camphor lead to periapical improvement as did 5% sodium-hypochlorite...

More Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Fabricius L, Dahlen G, Sundqvist G, Happonen R, Möller A. Influence of residual bacteria on periapical tissue healing after chemomechanical treatment and root filling of experimentally infected monkey teeth. Eur J Oral Sci. 2006;114:278-85 pubmed
    ..The present study demonstrates the importance of obtaining a bacteria-free root canal system before permanent root filling in order to achieve optimal healing conditions for the periapical tissues...
  2. Holland R, Mazuqueli L, de Souza V, Murata S, Dezan Junior E, Suzuki P. Influence of the type of vehicle and limit of obturation on apical and periapical tissue response in dogs' teeth after root canal filling with mineral trioxide aggregate. J Endod. 2007;33:693-7 pubmed
    ..05); root fillings placed at the cemental canal limit showed better results than the overfillings (p = 0.01), and MTA/propyleneglycol paste was more easily placed into the root canals than MTA/distilled water paste...
  3. Gargallo Albiol J, Aguirre Urizar J, Gay Escoda C. A comparative study of silver amalgam and compomer as retrograde filling materials in periapical surgery. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008;13:E133-7 pubmed
    ..A comparative study is made of the histological effects of silver amalgam versus compomer (Dyract) 90 days after placement as retrograde filling materials in experimental animals...
  4. Menezes R, Garlet T, Trombone A, Repeke C, Letra A, Granjeiro J, et al. The potential role of suppressors of cytokine signaling in the attenuation of inflammatory reaction and alveolar bone loss associated with apical periodontitis. J Endod. 2008;34:1480-4 pubmed publisher
    Inflammatory cytokines contribute to periapical tissue destruction. Their activity is potentially regulated by suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS), which downregulate signal transduction as part of an inhibitory feedback loop...
  5. Artzi Z, Wasersprung N, Weinreb M, Steigmann M, Prasad H, Tsesis I. Effect of guided tissue regeneration on newly formed bone and cementum in periapical tissue healing after endodontic surgery: an in vivo study in the cat. J Endod. 2012;38:163-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of anorganic bovine bone as a grafted biomaterial on newly formed bone and cementum in periapical regions after surgical endodontic treatment in cats...
  6. Ricucci D, Langeland K. Apical limit of root canal instrumentation and obturation, part 2. A histological study. Int Endod J. 1998;31:394-409 pubmed
    ..When the sealer and/or the gutta-percha was extruded into the periapical tissue, the lateral canals and the apical ramifications, there was always a severe inflammatory reaction including ..
  7. Schmidt E, Bretz W. Benefits of additional courses of systemic azithromycin in periodontal disease case report. N Y State Dent J. 2007;73:40-5 pubmed
  8. Hosoya N, Takahashi G, Arai T, Nakamura J. Calcium concentration and pH of the periapical environment after applying calcium hydroxide into root canals in vitro. J Endod. 2001;27:343-6 pubmed
    ..After peaking, all groups showed a decline of the pH over time. These results suggest that the time required for optimum intracanal activity when using calcium hydroxide mixtures is at least 2 wk. ..
  9. Ruiz de Castañeda E, Gaton Hernández P, Rodriguez E, Silva R, Nelson Filho P, Silva L. Pulpal and periapical response after restoration of deep cavities in dogs' teeth with Filtek Silorane and Filtek Supreme XT systems. Oper Dent. 2013;38:73-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The apical and periapical region had normal structure and thickness. The use of the Filtek Silorane and the Filtek Supreme XT resins caused no adverse pulpal and periapical reactions after restoration of deep dentin cavities in vivo. ..
  10. Leonardo M, Salgado A, da Silva L, Tanomaru Filho M. Apical and periapical repair of dogs' teeth with periapical lesions after endodontic treatment with different root canal sealers. Pesqui Odontol Bras. 2003;17:69-74 pubmed
    ..The groups filled with Sealapex and AH Plus had better histological repair (p < 0.05) than the group filled with Sealer Plus, that had unsatisfactory results. ..
  11. Sonoyama W, Liu Y, Yamaza T, Tuan R, Wang S, Shi S, et al. Characterization of the apical papilla and its residing stem cells from human immature permanent teeth: a pilot study. J Endod. 2008;34:166-71 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that SCAP are similar to DPSCs but a distinct source of potent dental stem/progenitor cells. Their implications in root development and apexogenesis are discussed. ..
  12. Prashanth M, Tavane P, Abraham S, Chacko L. Comparative evaluation of pain, tenderness and swelling followed by radiographic evaluation of periapical changes at various intervals of time following single and multiple visit endodontic therapy: an in vivo study. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2011;12:187-91 pubmed
    ..Hence, one can readily integrate one-visit endodontic therapy into the routine clinical practice of dentistry. ..
  13. Tavares W, de Brito L, Henriques L, Oliveira R, Maciel K, Vieira L, et al. The impact of chlorhexidine-based endodontic treatment on periapical cytokine expression in teeth. J Endod. 2013;39:889-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The results show that CHX application between appointments prevented the increase of both proinflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokines 15 days after the dental procedure. ..
  14. De Witte A, De Bruyne M, De Moor R. [Accidental extrusion of calcium hydroxide-based pastes into periapical lesions]. Rev Belge Med Dent (1984). 2003;58:49-63 pubmed
    ..Therefore the deliberate extrusion of calcium hydroxide into periapical tissues is not advocated. ..
  15. Segura Egea J, Jiménez Pinzón A, Ríos Santos J, Velasco Ortega E, Cisneros Cabello R, Poyato Ferrera M. High prevalence of apical periodontitis amongst type 2 diabetic patients. Int Endod J. 2005;38:564-9 pubmed
    ..007; OR = 1.8; 95% CI = 1.2-2.8). Type 2 diabetes mellitus is significantly associated with an increased prevalence of AP. ..
  16. Bahcall J, Howard P, Miserendino L, Walia H. Preliminary investigation of the histological effects of laser endodontic treatment on the periradicular tissues in dogs. J Endod. 1992;18:47-51 pubmed publisher
    ..At 30 days posttreatment, conventionally treated teeth began to return to normal morphology. The laser-treated teeth exhibited ankylosis, cemental lysis, and major bone remodeling. ..
  17. Meng L, Qiu L, Yu Y, Zhan F, Zhang L, Zhang X. [The effect of calcium hydroxide on IL-6 and TNF-? expression of osteoblast in periapical tissues]. Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue. 2016;25:32-7 pubmed
    ..Calcium hydroxide placed in different position of the root canal could increase periapical pH value and reduce IL- 6, TNF-? expression of periapical osteoblasts. ..
  18. Dobo Nagy C, Fejerdy P, Angyal J, Harasztosi L, Daroczi L, Beke D, et al. Measurement of periapical pressure created by occlusal loading. Int Endod J. 2003;36:700-4 pubmed
    ..In this study, the apical pressure generated under occlusal loading was the same magnitude as that estimated with the finite element method. ..
  19. Aggarwal V, Singla M, Rizvi A, Miglani S. Comparative evaluation of local infiltration of articaine, articaine plus ketorolac, and dexamethasone on anesthetic efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve block with lidocaine in patients with irreversible pulpitis. J Endod. 2011;37:445-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Articaine and ketorolac infiltration can increase the success rate of IANB in patients with irreversible pulpitis. None of the tested techniques gave 100% success rate. ..
  20. Biočanin V, Milić M, Vučetić M, Vasović M, Živadinović D, Živadinović M, et al. Apical root-end filling with tricalcium silicate-based cement in a patient with diabetes mellitus: A case report. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2016;73:1173-7 pubmed publisher
    The material used for root-end filling has to be biocompatible with adjacent periapical tissue and to stimulate its regenerative processes...
  21. Henneman S, Reijers R, Maltha J, Von den Hoff J. Local variations in turnover of periodontal collagen fibers in rats. J Periodontal Res. 2012;47:383-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The differences in collagen half-life might be caused by local variations in compressive strain induced by normal function. ..
  22. McClannahan S, Baisden M, Bowles W. Endodontic diagnostic terminology update. Northwest Dent. 2011;90:25-7 pubmed
    ..The diagnostic terminology presented in this update provides for a more accurate description and communication of the health or pathological conditions of both pulpal and apical tissues. This information is summarized in Table I. ..
  23. Mohammadi Z, Jafarzadeh H, Shalavi S, Kinoshita J. Establishing Apical Patency: To be or not to be?. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2017;18:326-329 pubmed
    ..Data regarding the effect of apical patency on the healing of periapical tissue are very scarce, and it has been shown that the patency file has detrimental effect on the healing of ..
  24. Croll T, Pascon E, Langeland K. Traumatically injured primary incisors: a clinical and histological study. ASDC J Dent Child. 1987;54:401-22 pubmed
    ..Physical trauma to primary teeth caused pulpal damage, which could involve periapical tissue, depending on the extent of the initial damage.
  25. Ventä I, Schou S. Application of the Third Molar Eruption Predictor to periapical radiographs. Clin Oral Investig. 2001;5:129-32 pubmed
    ..It was concluded that the Third Molar Eruption Predictor may also be used on periapical radiographs after calibration of the device. ..
  26. Tennert C, Jungbäck I, Wrbas K. Comparison between two thermoplastic root canal obturation techniques regarding extrusion of root canal filling--a retrospective in vivo study. Clin Oral Investig. 2013;17:449-54 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present in vivo study, there was a higher rate of root canal filling extrusion using Thermafil compared to warm vertical compaction. ..
  27. Pecoraro M, Azadivatan le N, Janal M, Khocht A. Comparison of observer reliability in assessing alveolar bone height on direct digital and conventional radiographs. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2005;34:279-84 pubmed
    ..Intraexaminer reproducibility is superior to interexaminer reproducibility. Direct digital radiographs did not enhance examiner agreement over conventional radiographs. ..
  28. Yazdi K, Sabeti M, Jabalameli F, Eman eini M, Kolahdouzan S, Slots J. Relationship between human cytomegalovirus transcription and symptomatic apical periodontitis in Iran. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2008;23:510-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The high frequency of active herpesvirus infections in severe apical periodontitis changes the pathogenic paradigm of the disease and may also have preventive and therapeutic implications. ..
  29. Jensen S, Yazdi P, Hjørting Hansen E, Bosshardt D, von Arx T. Haemostatic effect and tissue reactions of methods and agents used for haemorrhage control in apical surgery. Int Endod J. 2010;43:57-63 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the bone defects should be freshened with a rotary instrument before suturing so as not to compromise healing. ..
  30. Petrino J, Boda K, Shambarger S, Bowles W, McClanahan S. Challenges in regenerative endodontics: a case series. J Endod. 2010;36:536-41 pubmed publisher
  31. Khan S, Niu L, Eid A, Looney S, Didato A, Roberts S, et al. Periapical pressures developed by nonbinding irrigation needles at various irrigation delivery rates. J Endod. 2013;39:529-33 pubmed publisher
  32. Khayat A, Vesal N, Rasti M. Analysis of arylsulfatases A and B, acid phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, and aspartate transaminase in chronic periapical lesions of endodontic origin. J Endod. 2001;27:285-7 pubmed
    ..2) vs. (140+/-46.0) (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the specific activities of aspartate transaminase in chronic lesions and the control group (68.0+/-14.5) vs. (53.0+/-10.4) mU/mg protein). ..
  33. Han C, Yang Z, Zhou W, Jin F, Song Y, Wang Y, et al. Periapical follicle stem cell: a promising candidate for cementum/periodontal ligament regeneration and bio-root engineering. Stem Cells Dev. 2010;19:1405-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest that developing tissue-derived PAFSCs are a distinctive cell population from PDLSCs and might be a promising candidate for bio-root engineering. ..
  34. Idiyatullin D, Corum C, Moeller S, Prasad H, Garwood M, Nixdorf D. Dental magnetic resonance imaging: making the invisible visible. J Endod. 2011;37:745-52 pubmed publisher
    ..This technology has implications for endodontists because it offers a potential method to longitudinally evaluate teeth where pulp and root structures have been regenerated. ..
  35. Helvacıoğlu Kıvanç B, Deniz Arısu H, Yanar N, Silah H, İnam R, Görgül G. Apical extrusion of sodium hypochlorite activated with two laser systems and ultrasonics: a spectrophotometric analysis. BMC Oral Health. 2015;15:71 pubmed publisher
    ..05). Within the limitations of this in vitro study, the researchers concluded that non-activated syringe irrigation caused less apically extruded irrigating solution than PUI and LAI using Nd:YAG or diode lasers. ..
  36. Penarrocha M, Garcia B, Marti E, Balaguer J. Pain and inflammation after periapical surgery in 60 patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;64:429-33 pubmed
    ..Periapical surgery caused little pain and moderate swelling during the first 2 days after the intervention. The secondary manifestations increased with the number of teeth treated and with the duration of surgery. ..
  37. Schulte J, Flores A, Weed M. Crown-to-implant ratios of single tooth implant-supported restorations. J Prosthet Dent. 2007;98:1-5 pubmed
    ..The crown-to-implant ratios of those implants that were in function were similar to those implants that failed. ..
  38. Ramos I, Biz M, Paulino N, Scremin A, Della Bona A, Barletta F, et al. Histopathological analysis of corticosteroid-antibiotic preparation and propolis paste formulation as intracanal medication after pulpectomy: an in vivo study. J Appl Oral Sci. 2012;20:50-6 pubmed
    ..The aim was to carry out an in vivo evaluation of the periapical tissue response to propolis paste when used as an intracanal medication in the teeth of dogs after pulpectomy...
  39. Tanaka T, Ozeki N, Kawai R, Imaizumi I, Nakata K, Nakamura H. Expression and regulation of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-8 and -17 in development of rat periradicular lesion. J Endod. 2013;39:638-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that ADAM-8 and ADAM-17 may be related to the development of rat periradicular lesions. ..
  40. Abbott P. The periapical space--a dynamic interface. Aust Endod J. 2002;28:96-107 pubmed
    ..Practitioners must recognise and understand the different pathological entities and the dynamic interactions that occur in the periapical tissues in order to correctly diagnose and treat these conditions. ..
  41. Imai A, Nashida T, Yoshie S, Shimomura H. Intracellular localisation of SNARE proteins in rat parotid acinar cells: SNARE complexes on the apical plasma membrane. Arch Oral Biol. 2003;48:597-604 pubmed
    ..Many SNARE complexes were detected under non-stimulated/basic conditions in the parotid APM. Some of these complexes may have a role in exocytosis from parotid acinar cells. ..
  42. Rocha C, Rossi M, Leonardo M, Rocha L, Nelson Filho P, Silva L. Biofilm on the apical region of roots in primary teeth with vital and necrotic pulps with or without radiographically evident apical pathosis. Int Endod J. 2008;41:664-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Microorganisms organized as biofilms on the external root surface (extraradicular infection) were detected in primary teeth with pulp necrosis and radiographically visible periapical pathosis. ..
  43. Ortega Sánchez B, Peñarrocha Diago M, Rubio Martínez L, Vera Sempere J. Radiographic morphometric study of 37 periapical lesions in 30 patients: validation of success criteria. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67:846-9 pubmed publisher
    ..There was no statistically significant relation between the radiographic scale from the image analyzer and the criteria of Rud and Andreasen and von Arx et al. ..
  44. Carrillo C, Penarrocha M, Ortega B, Marti E, Bagan J, Vera F. Correlation of radiographic size and the presence of radiopaque lamina with histological findings in 70 periapical lesions. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;66:1600-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Histological analysis is required. ..
  45. Tickotsky N, Moskovitz M. Protein Activation in Periapical Reaction to Iodoform Containing Root Canal Sealer. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2017;41:450-455 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study explored root sealer components' effect on periapical tissue proteins using bioinformatics tools.
  46. Rud J, Rud V, Munksgaard E. Periapical healing of mandibular molars after root-end sealing with dentine-bonded composite. Int Endod J. 2001;34:285-92 pubmed
    ..The purpose was to present the frequency of periapical healing in first and second/third mandibular molars, after root-end resections sealed with a dentine-bonded resin composite...
  47. Sari S, Gokalp H, Aras S. Correction of anterior dental crossbite with composite as an inclined plane. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2001;11:201-8 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate a passive method to correct anterior crossbite of only one incisor by constructing a composite inclined plane...
  48. Oyama K, Motoyoshi M, Hirabayashi M, Hosoi K, Shimizu N. Effects of root morphology on stress distribution at the root apex. Eur J Orthod. 2007;29:113-7 pubmed
    ..During orthodontic force application, stress concentration was observed in the root of the models with short, bent, and pipette-shaped roots, indicating that attention must be paid to root shape during orthodontic treatment...
  49. Shantiaee Y, Mahjour F, Dianat O. Efficacy comparison of periapical infiltration injection of dexamethasone, morphine and placebo for postoperative endodontic pain. Int Dent J. 2012;62:74-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of periapical infiltration injection of dexamethasone and morphine in reducing postoperative endodontic pain...
  50. Fristad I, Molven O, Halse A. Nonsurgically retreated root filled teeth--radiographic findings after 20-27 years. Int Endod J. 2004;37:12-8 pubmed
    ..To identify periapical changes in nonsurgically retreated root-filled teeth 20-27 years after root canal treatment...
  51. Schmitd L, Lima T, Chinellato L, Bramante C, Garcia R, de Moraes I, et al. Comparison of radiographic measurements obtained with conventional and indirect digital imaging during endodontic treatment. J Appl Oral Sci. 2008;16:167-70 pubmed
    ..01). The measurements achieved by the investigated radiographic methods were clinically similar and they are thus equivalent. Changes in brightness and contrast of the images using Digora software improved the diagnosis...
  52. de Souza R, de Souza V, Holland R, Gomes Filho J, Murata S, Sonoda C. Effect of calcium hydroxide-based materials on periapical tissue healing and orthodontic root resorption of endodontically treated teeth in dogs. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25:213-8 pubmed publisher
    This study evaluated periapical tissue healing and orthodontic root resorption of endodontically treated teeth sealed with calcium hydroxide in dogs...
  53. Wang L, Lee W, Lei D, Liu Y, Yamashita D, Yen S. Tisssue responses in corticotomy- and osteotomy-assisted tooth movements in rats: histology and immunostaining. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009;136:770.e1-11; discussion 770-1 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this histologic study was to examine underlying cellular responses to corticotomy- and osteotomy-assisted tooth movements...
  54. Song M, Jung I, Lee S, Lee C, Kim E. Prognostic factors for clinical outcomes in endodontic microsurgery: a retrospective study. J Endod. 2011;37:927-33 pubmed publisher
  55. Suzuki N, Takimoto K, Kawashima N. Cathepsin K Inhibitor Regulates Inflammation and Bone Destruction in Experimentally Induced Rat Periapical Lesions. J Endod. 2015;41:1474-9 pubmed publisher
  56. Cruz A, Mercado Soto C, Ceja I, Gascón L, Cholico P, Palafox Sánchez C. Removal of an instrument fractured by ultrasound and the instrument removal system under visual magnification. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2015;16:238-42 pubmed
    ..Endodontic re-treatment by conservative approach of complicated cases it is an option with good clinical prognosis, before apical surgery or extraction. ..
  57. Iwanaga J, Watanabe K, Saga T, Tabira Y, Kitashima S, Kusukawa J, et al. Accessory mental foramina and nerves: Application to periodontal, periapical, and implant surgery. Clin Anat. 2016;29:493-501 pubmed publisher
    ..This study elucidated the relationship between accessory mental foramina and the associated nerves and arteries. We believe that the results will contribute to the clinical dentistry field...
  58. El Ashry S, Abu Seida A, Bayoumi A, Hashem A. Regenerative potential of immature permanent non-vital teeth following different dentin surface treatments. Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2016;68:181-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the use of collagen as a scaffold material and MTAD as a surface modifier did not improve the quality of the regenerative process. ..
  59. Berbert F, Leonardo M, Silva L, Tanomaru Filho M, Bramante C. Influence of root canal dressings and sealers on repair of apical periodontitis after endodontic treatment. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2002;93:184-9 pubmed
  60. Gilbert G, Coke J, Weems R, Shelton B. Patient characteristics associated with receipt of dental radiographic procedures during a 48-month population-based study of dentate adults. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004;97:642-51 pubmed
    ..The objective was to test hypotheses that patient characteristics are associated with receipt of specific types of radiographic procedures...
  61. Mikrogeorgis G, Lyroudia K, Molyvdas I, Nikolaidis N, Pitas I. Digital radiograph registration and subtraction: a useful tool for the evaluation of the progress of chronic apical periodontitis. J Endod. 2004;30:513-7 pubmed
    ..Changes to the periapical tissue structure were easily detectable by using the above-mentioned methodology, even during short time intervals.
  62. Jaju P, Suvarna P, Parikh N. Incidence of mandibular nutrient canals in hypertensive patients: a radiographic study. Indian J Dent Res. 2007;18:181-5 pubmed
    ..Intraoral periapical radiographs of the lower anterior region were then taken. Radiographs were interpreted with a good X-ray viewer and the use of a magnifying glass. Findings were recorded on a prepared format...
  63. Bjørndal L, Reit C, Bruun G, Markvart M, Kjaeldgaard M, Näsman P, et al. Treatment of deep caries lesions in adults: randomized clinical trials comparing stepwise vs. direct complete excavation, and direct pulp capping vs. partial pulpotomy. Eur J Oral Sci. 2010;118:290-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In view of the poor prognosis of vital pulp treatment, a stepwise excavation approach for managing deep caries lesions is recommended...
  64. Tsesis I, Rosen E, Tamse A, Taschieri S, Del Fabbro M. Effect of guided tissue regeneration on the outcome of surgical endodontic treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Endod. 2011;37:1039-45 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of GTR on the outcome of surgical endodontic treatment by means of a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis...
  65. Silva L, Novaes A, de Oliveira R, Nelson Filho P, Santamaria M, Silva R. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy for the treatment of teeth with apical periodontitis: a histopathological evaluation. J Endod. 2012;38:360-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluated the in vivo response of apical and periapical tissues of dogs' teeth with apical periodontitis after one-session endodontic treatment with and without antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT)...
  66. Machado E, Fernandes M, Gomes P. Dental stem cells for craniofacial tissue engineering. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2012;113:728-33 pubmed publisher
  67. Bernstein D, Clark S, Scheetz J, Farman A, Rosenson B. Perceived quality of radiographic images after rapid processing of D- and F-speed direct-exposure intraoral x-ray films. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2003;96:486-91 pubmed
    ..The effects of density, contrast, and film speed on perceived image quality were also studied...
  68. McDougal R, Delano E, Caplan D, Sigurdsson A, Trope M. Success of an alternative for interim management of irreversible pulpitis. J Am Dent Assoc. 2004;135:1707-12 pubmed
    ..Extraction and endodontic therapy are treatment options for irreversible pulpitis. Extraction often is chosen for financial reasons. The authors conducted a study to investigate an alternative interim therapy...
  69. Geibel M. Development of a new micro-endoscope for odontological application. Eur J Med Res. 2006;11:123-7 pubmed
    ..Development and introduction of a new micro-endoscope called Visio Scope for multidiscipline use in dentistry...
  70. Schmitz M, Montagner F, Flores C, Morari V, Quesada G, Gomes B. Management of dens invaginatus type I and open apex: report of three cases. J Endod. 2010;36:1079-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Dens invaginatus is a critical condition for endodontic treatment once it frequently presents a complex internal anatomy and might be associated with incomplete root and apical development...
  71. Hubar J, Strother E. A simple device for positioning intraoral x-ray sensors. Gen Dent. 2010;58:e172-3 pubmed
  72. Otani K, Sugaya T, Tomita M, Hasegawa Y, Miyaji H, Tenkumo T, et al. Healing of experimental apical periodontitis after apicoectomy using different sealing materials on the resected root end. Dent Mater J. 2011;30:485-92 pubmed
    ..The bone defect area in the SB, EBA and MTA groups was significantly smaller than that in the control group. The result indicated that root-end sealing using SB and root-end filling using EBA or MTA are significantly better than control...
  73. Tanomaru Filho M, Leonardo M, da Silva L. Effect of irrigating solution and calcium hydroxide root canal dressing on the repair of apical and periapical tissues of teeth with periapical lesion. J Endod. 2002;28:295-9 pubmed
    ..05) than the groups with immediate obturation. Comparing the immediate obturation groups, irrigation with chlorhexidine solution resulted in better repair than sodium hypochlorite...
  74. Jamani K, Aqrabawi J, Fayyad M. A radiographic study of the relationship between technical quality of coronoradicular posts and periapical status in a Jordanian population. J Oral Sci. 2005;47:123-8 pubmed
  75. Hingston E, Parmar S, Hunter M. Vital pulpotomy in the primary dentition: attitudes and practices of community dental staff in Wales. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2007;17:186-91 pubmed
    ..This study was designed to examine the attitudes and practices of Community Dental Service (CDS) staff in Wales in relation to vital pulpotomy for primary molars 18 months following the IARC's press release...
  76. Cameriere R, Ferrante L, Belcastro M, Bonfiglioli B, Rastelli E, Cingolani M. Age estimation by pulp/tooth ratio in canines by mesial and vestibular peri-apical X-rays. J Forensic Sci. 2007;52:1151-5 pubmed
    ..155 years, with an interquartile range of 4.96 years. The accuracy of the method was ME = 2.8 years, where ME is the mean prediction error. The model also explained 94% of total variance (R(2) = 0.94)...
  77. Suter B, Portmann P, Lussi A. A 5-year review of teeth filled with the noninstrumentation technology. Int Endod J. 2009;42:639-48 pubmed publisher
  78. Su L, Gao Y, Yu C, Wang H, Yu Q. Surgical endodontic treatment of refractory periapical periodontitis with extraradicular biofilm. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2010;110:e40-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This study explored the effect of surgical endodontic treatment of refractory periapical periodontitis with extraradicular biofilm...
  79. Alsaleh I, Cousson P, Nicolas E, Hennequin M. Is endodontic treatment performed under general anaesthesia technically acceptable?. Clin Oral Investig. 2012;16:1599-606 pubmed publisher
    ..It describes the quality of endodontic treatment undertaken in two series of consecutive patients treated either under GA or local anaesthesia (LA)...
  80. Paolantonio M, Dolci M, Scarano A, d Archivio D, Di Placido G, Tumini V, et al. Immediate implantation in fresh extraction sockets. A controlled clinical and histological study in man. J Periodontol. 2001;72:1560-71 pubmed
    ..Although a number of clinical studies exist, no histological reports show the outcome of implantation in fresh extraction sockets without the use of membranes in humans compared to implants placed in mature bone...
  81. Gegler A, Fontanella V. In vitro evaluation of a method for obtaining periapical radiographs for diagnosis of external apical root resorption. Eur J Orthod. 2008;30:315-9 pubmed publisher
  82. Orucoglu H, Cobankara F. Effect of unintentionally extruded calcium hydroxide paste including barium sulfate as a radiopaquing agent in treatment of teeth with periapical lesions: report of a case. J Endod. 2008;34:888-91 pubmed publisher
    ..However, healing might take longer when Ca(OH)2 paste including BaSO4 is used, so deliberate overextension is not advocated...
  83. Baldwin V, Jarad F, Balmer C, Mair L. Inadvertent injection of sodium hypochlorite into the periradicular tissues during root canal treatment. Dent Update. 2009;36:14-6, 19 pubmed
  84. Farrier S, Drage N, Newcombe R, Hayes S, Dummer P. A comparative study of image quality and radiation exposure for dental radiographs produced using a charge-coupled device and a phosphor plate system. Int Endod J. 2009;42:900-7 pubmed publisher
  85. Mass E, Zilberman U. Long-term radiologic pulp evaluation after partial pulpotomy in young permanent molars. Quintessence Int. 2011;42:547-54 pubmed
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the value of this procedure by analyzing the pulpal and periapical appearance of permanent molars after long-term follow-up periods...
  86. Lee A, Cheung G, Wong M. Long-term outcome of primary non-surgical root canal treatment. Clin Oral Investig. 2012;16:1607-17 pubmed publisher
  87. Peltola J. A panoramatomographic study of the teeth and jaws of Finnish university students. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1993;21:36-9 pubmed
    ..Styloid ligament calcifications were found in 21.5% of the students. In the maxillary sinuses, male students exhibited changes 1.7 times more often than female students (26.3% in males and 15.1% in females)...
  88. Proussaefs P, Lozada J. Immediate loading of hydroxyapatite-coated implants in the maxillary premolar area: three-year results of a pilot study. J Prosthet Dent. 2004;91:228-33 pubmed
    ..Although immediate loading of implants in the edentulous mandible has been described in the literature, there is limited information regarding immediate loading of single implants...
  89. Peters O, Barbakow F, Peters C. An analysis of endodontic treatment with three nickel-titanium rotary root canal preparation techniques. Int Endod J. 2004;37:849-59 pubmed
    ..To investigate clinical results of root canal treatment performed with the aid of nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments...
  90. Peñarrocha Diago M, Ortega Sánchez B, García Mira B, Marti Bowen E, von Arx T, Gay Escoda C. Evaluation of healing criteria for success after periapical surgery. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008;13:E143-7 pubmed
    ..In periapical surgery, the absence of standardization between different studies makes it difficult to compare the outcomes...
  91. Ng Y, Mann V, Gulabivala K. A prospective study of the factors affecting outcomes of nonsurgical root canal treatment: part 1: periapical health. Int Endod J. 2011;44:583-609 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the probability of and factors influencing periapical status of teeth following primary (1°RCTx) or secondary (2°RCTx) root canal treatment...
  92. Nowicka A, Lipski M, Parafiniuk M, Sporniak Tutak K, Lichota D, Kosierkiewicz A, et al. Response of human dental pulp capped with biodentine and mineral trioxide aggregate. J Endod. 2013;39:743-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of the present study was to compare the response of the pulp-dentin complex in human teeth after direct capping with this new tricalcium silicate-based cement with that of MTA...