stapes

Summary

Summary: One of the three ossicles of the middle ear. It transmits sound vibrations from the INCUS to the internal ear (Ear, Internal see LABYRINTH).

Top Publications

  1. Tuz M, Dogru H, Yasan H, Doner F, Yariktas M. Incus and stapes necrosis associated with diabetes mellitus. J Laryngol Otol. 2006;120:E22 pubmed
    ..A patient is presented in this report with incus and stapes suprastructure necrosis and associated type II DM who was admitted to the out-patient clinic with complaints of ..
  2. Rodriguez Vazquez J. Development of the stapes and associated structures in human embryos. J Anat. 2005;207:165-73 pubmed
    The objective of this study was to clarify the development of the stapes in humans and its relationship with the cartilage of the second branchial arch. The study was carried out in 25 human embryos between 6 and 28 mm crown-rump length...
  3. Eiber A, Huber A, Lauxmann M, Chatzimichalis M, Sequeira D, Sim J. Contribution of complex stapes motion to cochlea activation. Hear Res. 2012;284:82-92 pubmed publisher
    Classic theories of hearing have considered only a translational component (piston-like component) of the stapes motion as being the effective stimulus for cochlear activation and thus the sensation of hearing...
  4. Deveze A, Koka K, Tringali S, Jenkins H, Tollin D. Active middle ear implant application in case of stapes fixation: a temporal bone study. Otol Neurotol. 2010;31:1027-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Driving the oval window directly with an active middle ear implant (AMEI) can produce high levels of input to the inner ear...
  5. Doi T, Nakazawa H, Adachi M, Kaneko T, Munemoto Y, Komeda M, et al. Familial isolated stapes-pyramidal fixation by a bony bar with normal stapedius tendon. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;131:349-52 pubmed
  6. Weekamp H, Kremer H, Hoefsloot L, Kuijpers Jagtman A, Cruysberg J, Cremers C. Teunissen-Cremers syndrome: a clinical, surgical, and genetic report. Otol Neurotol. 2005;26:38-51 pubmed
    ..To describe clinical and radiologic features, results of ear surgery, and genetic analysis in three families with Teunissen-Cremers syndrome...
  7. Morris D, Bance M, Van Wijhe R. Vibration characteristics and function of atelectatic segments in the tympanic membrane in fresh human cadaveric temporal bones. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2004;29:133-7 pubmed
    ..but the consequences of dimeric segment stiffening, shielding or excision and grafting on acoustic transfer to the stapes footplate has been poorly explored...
  8. Lupo J, Koka K, Hyde B, Jenkins H, Tollin D. Physiological assessment of active middle ear implant coupling to the round window in Chinchilla lanigera. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;145:641-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To study the effects of various active middle ear implant loading parameters on round window stimulation in an animal model...
  9. Dost P, Ellermann S, Missfeldt N, Jahnke K. [Reconstruction of the superstructure of the stapes in guinea pigs with biovitro ceramic and silicone foil]. HNO. 2002;50:1053-6 pubmed
    The reconstruction of the stapes superstructure is still a problem. Efforts for the fixation of implants on the footplate did not show satisfying results yet.

Scientific Experts

More Information

Publications62

  1. Kuhn J, Lassen L. Congenital incudostapedial anomalies in adult stapes surgery: a case-series review. Am J Otolaryngol. 2011;32:477-84 pubmed publisher
    The management of developmental anomalies of the ossicular chain and otic capsule in stapes surgery tests the otologist's diagnostic skills and flexibility in technique and prosthesis choice...
  2. Brown D, Kim T, Petty E, Downs C, Martin D, Strouse P, et al. Autosomal dominant stapes ankylosis with broad thumbs and toes, hyperopia, and skeletal anomalies is caused by heterozygous nonsense and frameshift mutations in NOG, the gene encoding noggin. Am J Hum Genet. 2002;71:618-24 pubmed
    Although fixation of the stapes is usually progressive and secondary to otosclerosis, it may present congenitally, with other skeletal manifestations, as an autosomal dominant syndrome-such as proximal symphalangism (SYM1) or multiple-..
  3. Hahn Y, Diaz R, Hartman J, Bobinski M, Brodie H. Assessing stapes piston position using computed tomography: a cadaveric study. Otol Neurotol. 2009;30:223-30 pubmed publisher
    Temporal bone computed tomographic (CT) scanning in the postoperative stapedotomy patient is inaccurate in assessing stapes piston position within the vestibule.
  4. Huber A, Linder T, Ferrazzini M, Schmid S, Dillier N, Stoeckli S, et al. Intraoperative assessment of stapes movement. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001;110:31-5 pubmed
    ..that allows, for the first time, intraoperative vibration modes assessment of the acoustically stimulated stapes by means of scanning laser Doppler interferometry (LDI)...
  5. Trivelli M, D Ascanio L, Pappacena M, Greco F, Salvinelli F. Air- and bone-conducted vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) in otosclerosis: recordings before and after stapes surgery. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2010;30:5-10 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, VEMPs reduced elicitability, in otosclerosis, is likely due to conductive hearing loss and inner ear impairment...
  6. Mukherjee P, Uzun Coruhlu H, Curthoys I, Jones A, Bradshaw A, Pohl D. Three-dimensional analysis of the vestibular end organs in relation to the stapes footplate and piston placement. Otol Neurotol. 2011;32:367-72 pubmed publisher
    Measurements of the proximity of the membranous labyrinth to the stapes footplate show considerable variation...
  7. Ching H, Bottrill I. An unusual stapes. Surg Radiol Anat. 2006;28:474-6 pubmed
    We present a case of a highly unusual stapes in the presence of a normal external ear. The stapes exhibits rudimentary anterior crus with abnormally shaped posterior crus that attached to the mid-portion of a fixed, rudimentary footplate...
  8. Emery S, Meyer A, Miller L, Lesperance M. Otosclerosis or congenital stapes ankylosis? The diagnostic role of genetic analysis. Otol Neurotol. 2009;30:1204-8 pubmed publisher
    Molecular genetic testing is useful to differentiate otosclerosis from syndromic stapes ankylosis.
  9. Knox G, Reitan H. Shape-memory stapes prosthesis for otosclerosis surgery. Laryngoscope. 2005;115:1340-6 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of a shape-memory alloy, Nitinol, as a component of an improved stapes prosthesis.
  10. Buki B, Avan P, Lemaire J, Dordain M, Chazal J, Ribari O. Otoacoustic emissions: a new tool for monitoring intracranial pressure changes through stapes displacements. Hear Res. 1996;94:125-39 pubmed
    ..pressure (ICP) are thought to be transmitted to cochlear liquids, thereby altering the mechanical load on the stapes footplate. Hence the stiffness of stapes' annular ligament is expected to reflect ICP changes...
  11. Stieger C, Rosowski J, Nakajima H. Comparison of forward (ear-canal) and reverse (round-window) sound stimulation of the cochlea. Hear Res. 2013;301:105-14 pubmed publisher
    ..To understand the differences between forward and reverse stimulation, we measured ear-canal pressure, stapes velocity, RW velocity, and intracochlear pressures in scala vestibuli (SV) and scala tympani (ST) of fresh human ..
  12. Albahnasawy L, Kishore A, O Reilly B. Results of stapes surgery on patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2001;26:473-6 pubmed
    ..The pre- and postoperative results are presented and support the view that stapes surgery in OI can have encouraging results, provided the operator anticipates the possibility of a fractured crura ..
  13. Hato N, Stenfelt S, Goode R. Three-dimensional stapes footplate motion in human temporal bones. Audiol Neurootol. 2003;8:140-52 pubmed
    The literature provides conflicting information on whether the motion of the stapes footplate is piston-like or some other type of motion, such as rotational or rocking...
  14. Bayazit Y, Ozer E, Kanlikama M, Durmaz T, Yilmaz M. Bone cement ossiculoplasty: incus to stapes versus malleus to stapes cement bridge. Otol Neurotol. 2005;26:364-7 pubmed
    In this study, our purpose was to evaluate results of our experience with bone cement repair of ossicular discontinuity between the incus and stapes and between the malleus and stapes.
  15. Hornung J, Brase C, Bozzato A, Zenk J, Schick B, Iro H. Retrospective analysis of the results of implanting Nitinol pistons with heat-crimping piston loops in stapes surgery. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;267:27-34 pubmed publisher
    ..here evaluates the hearing results after the implantation of a new nickel-titanium (Nitinol) prosthesis in stapes surgery; on heating, this prosthesis crimps itself around the long process of the incus...
  16. Beltrame A, Martini A, Prosser S, Giarbini N, Streitberger C. Coupling the Vibrant Soundbridge to cochlea round window: auditory results in patients with mixed hearing loss. Otol Neurotol. 2009;30:194-201 pubmed
    ..To assess the functional results of the Vibrant Soundbridge (VBS) placed on the round window (RW) in patients with mixed hearing loss...
  17. Hirshoren N, Gross M, Banin E, Sosna J, Bargal R, Raas Rothschild A. P35S mutation in the NOG gene associated with Teunissen-Cremers syndrome and features of multiple NOG joint-fusion syndromes. Eur J Med Genet. 2008;51:351-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The proband presented with congenital conductive hearing loss due to stapes ankylosis and incus short process fixation with skeletal anomalies including symphalangism, broad thumbs and broad ..
  18. Neudert M, Berner M, Bornitz M, Beleites T, Ney M, Zahnert T. Osseointegration of prostheses on the stapes footplate: evaluation of the biomechanical feasibility by using a finite element model. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2007;8:411-21 pubmed
    ..In the unfavorable event of complete ossicular chain destruction with only the stapes footplate remaining in the oval niche, implanting of a columella prosthesis represents the gold standard...
  19. Sim J, Chatzimichalis M, Lauxmann M, Roosli C, Eiber A, Huber A. Complex stapes motions in human ears. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2010;11:329-41 pubmed publisher
    It has been reported that the physiological motion of the stapes in human and several animals in response to acoustic stimulation is mainly piston-like at low frequencies...
  20. Ravicz M, Merchant S, Rosowski J. Effect of freezing and thawing on stapes-cochlear input impedance in human temporal bones. Hear Res. 2000;150:215-24 pubmed
    ..We show, however, that freezing and thawing can cause a reduction in the magnitude of the input impedance of the stapes and cochlea Z(SC) in unfixed temporal bones from human cadavers of as much as a factor of 3-10 over the frequency ..
  21. Morris D, Bance M, Van Wijhe R. How do cartilage and other material overlay over a prosthesis affect its vibration transmission properties in ossiculoplasty?. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;131:423-8 pubmed
    ..We examined the effects of vibration transmission to the footplate of inserting cartilage of varying sizes, and materials of varying rigidities...
  22. Baijens L, De Leenheer E, Weekamp H, Cruysberg J, Mortier G, Cremers C. Stickler syndrome type I and Stapes ankylosis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2004;68:1573-80 pubmed
    ..To report a successful stapedectomy for stapedial fixation in a patient with Stickler syndrome type I (COL2A1)...
  23. Songer J, Rosowski J. The effect of superior-canal opening on middle-ear input admittance and air-conducted stapes velocity in chinchilla. J Acoust Soc Am. 2006;120:258-69 pubmed
    ..that the hole in the SC acts as a "third window" in the inner ear which shunts sound-induced stapes volume velocity away from the cochlea through the opening in the SC...
  24. Thompson H, Ohazama A, Sharpe P, Tucker A. The origin of the stapes and relationship to the otic capsule and oval window. Dev Dyn. 2012;241:1396-404 pubmed publisher
    The stapes, an ossicle found within the middle ear, is involved in transmitting sound waves to the inner ear by means of the oval window...
  25. Carpinelli M, Wise A, Arhatari B, Bouillet P, Manji S, Manning M, et al. Anti-apoptotic gene Bcl2 is required for stapes development and hearing. Cell Death Dis. 2012;3:e362 pubmed publisher
    In this paper we describe novel and specific roles for the apoptotic regulators Bcl2 and Bim in hearing and stapes development. Bcl2 is anti-apoptotic while Bim is pro-apoptotic...
  26. Bance M, Campos A, Wong L, Morris D, Van Wijhe R. How does prosthesis head size affect vibration transmission in ossiculoplasty?. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;137:70-3 pubmed
    The transmission of vibrations from the tympanic membrane to the stapes footplate by an ossicular reconstruction prosthesis is affected by the size of the prosthesis head...
  27. Albert S, Roger G, Rouillon I, Chauvin P, Denoyelle F, Derbez R, et al. Congenital stapes ankylosis: study of 28 cases and surgical results. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:1153-7 pubmed
    The objective of this study was to analyze functional results after stapes surgery in patients with congenital nonprogressive conductive deafness resulting from an isolated fixation of the stapes according to age and surgical procedure.
  28. Declau F, van den Ende J, Baten E, Mattelaer P. Stapes ankylosis in a family with a novel NOG mutation: otologic features of the facioaudiosymphalangism syndrome. Otol Neurotol. 2005;26:934-40 pubmed
    ..To report the phenotype-genotype correlation in a Belgian family that was ascertained to have a novel missense mutation in the NOG gene mapping to chromosome 17q22...
  29. Pollak A. Otosclerosis associated with Ménière's disease: a histological study. Adv Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;65:50-2 pubmed
    ..Severe endolympathic hydrops results from otosclerotic endolympahtic duct occlusion. Our unique histopathological findings show that a causal association exists between these two entities...
  30. Wang X, Hu Y, Wang Z, Shi H. Finite element analysis of the coupling between ossicular chain and mass loading for evaluation of implantable hearing device. Hear Res. 2011;280:48-57 pubmed publisher
    ..attached to the long process of the incus in the form of floating mass transducer (FMT) or applied near the incus-stapes joint by a magnet of contactless electromagnetic transducer (CLT)...
  31. Karosi T, Konya J, Petkó M, Sziklai I. Histologic otosclerosis is associated with the presence of measles virus in the stapes footplate. Otol Neurotol. 2005;26:1128-33 pubmed
    ..pathogenesis of otosclerosis could be established only by correlative analysis: histologic examination of the stapes footplates and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction amplification of the viral RNA...
  32. Ruggero M, Temchin A. The roles of the external, middle, and inner ears in determining the bandwidth of hearing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:13206-10 pubmed
    ..Further, we use comparisons of audiograms and transfer functions for stapes (or columella) velocity or pressure in scala vestibuli near the stapes footplate to show that the middle ear by ..
  33. Ge R, Wu P, Liu H, Cui Y, Xu M, Wang X, et al. [Measurement study of MDCT 3D reconstruction and microanatomy related to individual piston shaping on malleostapedotomy]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2009;23:8-10 pubmed
    ..To study the management of basic parameters related to individual piston shaping on malleostapedotomy by MDST 3D reconstruction and microanatomy and to assess the accuracy of MDST method...
  34. de Boer E, Nuttall A. The "inverse problem" solved for a three-dimensional model of the cochlea. III. Brushing-up the solution method. J Acoust Soc Am. 1999;105:3410-20 pubmed
    ..Conservation of fluid volume leads to the concept of the "virtual stapes velocity...
  35. Csomor P, Sziklai I, Liktor B, Szabo L, Pytel J, Jori J, et al. Otosclerosis: disturbed balance between cell survival and apoptosis. Otol Neurotol. 2010;31:867-74 pubmed
  36. Alian W, Majdalawieh O, Van Wijhe R, Ejnell H, Bance M. Prosthetic reconstruction from the tympanic membrane to the stapes head or to the stapes footplate? A laser Doppler study. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012;41:84-93 pubmed
    In the absence of the incus, many surgeons believe that reconstruction from the tympanic membrane to the stapes head is more effective than reconstruction to the stapes footplate. This has rarely been tested empirically...
  37. Verillaud B, Guilleré L, Williams M, El Bakkouri W, Ayache D. Middle ear osteoma: a rare cause of conductive hearing loss with normal tympanic membrane. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord). 2011;132:159-61 pubmed
    ..This report highlights the value of CT scan in the work-up of conductive or mixed hearing loss with normal tympanic membrane. The management of middle ear osteoma is discussed...
  38. Gentil F, Parente M, Martins P, Garbe C, Paço J, Ferreira A, et al. The influence of muscles activation on the dynamical behaviour of the tympano-ossicular system of the middle ear. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2013;16:392-402 pubmed publisher
    ..The middle ear is formed by ossicles (malleus, incus and stapes), ligaments, muscles and tendons, which transfers sound vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear, linking with ..
  39. Kizilkaya Z, Emir H, Ceylan K, Gocmen H, Samim E. The effect of stapes mobility on hearing outcome and which procedure to choose in fixed stapes in children tympanosclerosis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;72:849-56 pubmed publisher
    Our objective was to evaluate the features of tympanosclerosis in children and to determine the effect of stapes mobility and the type of one-stage operation on hearing outcomes.
  40. Sorom A, Driscoll C, Beatty C, Lundy L. Retrospective analysis of outcomes after stapedotomy with implantation of a self-crimping Nitinol stapes prosthesis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;137:65-9 pubmed
    To review hearing results after implantation of a self-crimping stapes prosthesis.
  41. Tringali S, Ceruse P, Zaouche S, Dubreuil C. [Traumatic luxation of the stapes: radiology and surgical outcome]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac. 2006;123:340-3 pubmed
    ..To describe the value of high resolution computed tomography scan (HRCT scan) in post traumatic hearing loss...
  42. Cureoglu S, Schachern P, Fulton S, Paparella M. Submucosal cholesteatoma in the middle ear: a histopathologic observation. Otol Neurotol. 2003;24:968-9 pubmed
  43. Yamasoba T, Amagai N, Karino S. Traumatic luxation of the stapes into the vestibule. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003;129:287-90 pubmed
  44. Yilmaz T, Bilgen C, Savas R, Alper H. Persistent stapedial artery: MR angiographic and CT findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003;24:1133-5 pubmed
    ..We report the high-resolution CT and MR angiographic findings of persistent stapedial artery with hypoplasia of the A1 segment of the right anterior cerebral artery...
  45. Lupo J, Koka K, Holland N, Jenkins H, Tollin D. Prospective electrophysiologic findings of round window stimulation in a model of experimentally induced stapes fixation. Otol Neurotol. 2009;30:1215-24 pubmed publisher
    ..of the round window (RW) with an active middle ear implant (AMEI) with and without experimentally induced stapes fixation (SF) results in equivalent electrophysiologic measures of cochlear microphonic (CM), compound action ..
  46. Karosi T, Szalmás A, Csomor P, Konya J, Petkó M, Sziklai I. Disease-associated novel CD46 splicing variants and pathologic bone remodeling in otosclerosis. Laryngoscope. 2008;118:1669-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Otosclerotic bone is supposed to show unique CD46 expression pattern because otosclerosis is an organ-specific disease with viral etiology...
  47. Yasan H. Predictive role of Carhart's notch in pre-operative assessment for middle-ear surgery. J Laryngol Otol. 2007;121:219-21 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the predictive role of the audiometric Carhart's notch for the assessment of middle-ear pathology prior to surgical intervention...
  48. Sarac S, Cengel S, Sennaroglu L. Pneumolabyrinth following traumatic luxation of the stapes into the vestibule. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;70:159-61 pubmed
    Pneumolabyrinth can result from traumatic luxation of stapes into the vestibule. The diagnosis of stapes luxation following a head injury can be delayed especially if the otoscopic examination is within normal limits...
  49. Gristwood R, Venables W. Otosclerosis and chronic tinnitus. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2003;112:398-403 pubmed
    ..Analysis of the records of 1,014 consecutive cases of clinical otosclerosis, all confirmed by stapes surgery in South Australia between 1960 and 1972, gives a preoperative prevalence of this symptom of 65%...
  50. Aibara R, Welsh J, Puria S, Goode R. Human middle-ear sound transfer function and cochlear input impedance. Hear Res. 2001;152:100-9 pubmed
    ..as the ear canal sound pressure to cochlear vestibule pressure gain, GME, and the ear canal sound pressure to stapes footplate velocity transfer function, SVTF, simultaneously measured in 12 fresh human temporal bones for the 0...
  51. Wang H, Shan X, Meng Z, Sun H, Zhao L. [Anatomical measurements and clinical applications through facial recess approach]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2013;27:708-11 pubmed
    ..To provide the anatomic data for the correlated otologic microsurgery by the microdissection of temporal bone through facial recess approach...
  52. Marquardt T, Hensel J. A simple electrical lumped-element model simulates intra-cochlear sound pressures and cochlear impedance below 2 kHz. J Acoust Soc Am. 2013;134:3730-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A resonance feature, which is often observed experimentally near 150?Hz in these animals and near 50?Hz in humans, is presumably a phenomenon local to the apex and not the result of a standing wave between stapes and helicotrema.
  53. Edom E, Obrist D, Henniger R, Kleiser L, Sim J, Huber A. The effect of rocking stapes motions on the cochlear fluid flow and on the basilar membrane motion. J Acoust Soc Am. 2013;134:3749-58 pubmed publisher
    The basilar membrane (BM) and perilymph motion in the cochlea due to rocking stapes motion (RSM) and piston-like stapes motion (PSM) is modeled by numerical simulations...