head

Summary

Summary: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.

Top Publications

  1. Taal H, Pourcain B, Thiering E, Das S, Mook Kanamori D, Warrington N, et al. Common variants at 12q15 and 12q24 are associated with infant head circumference. Nat Genet. 2012;44:532-538 pubmed publisher
    To identify genetic variants associated with head circumference in infancy, we performed a meta-analysis of seven genome-wide association studies (GWAS) (N = 10,768 individuals of European ancestry enrolled in pregnancy and/or birth ..
  2. Soltysik D, Thomasson D, Rajan S, Gonzalez Castillo J, Dicamillo P, Biassou N. Head-repositioning does not reduce the reproducibility of fMRI activation in a block-design motor task. Neuroimage. 2011;56:1329-37 pubmed publisher
    ..upon partial volume effects and spatial non-uniformities of the scanning environment, repositioning a subject's head inside the head coil between separate functional MRI scans will reduce the reproducibility of fMRI activation ..
  3. Greenland K, Edwards M, Hutton N, Challis V, Irwin M, Sleigh J. Changes in airway configuration with different head and neck positions using magnetic resonance imaging of normal airways: a new concept with possible clinical applications. Br J Anaesth. 2010;105:683-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Airway configuration was evaluated in the neutral, extension, head lift, and sniffing positions...
  4. Sikes J, Newmark P. Restoration of anterior regeneration in a planarian with limited regenerative ability. Nature. 2013;500:77-80 pubmed publisher
    ..This work reveals that manipulating a single signalling pathway can reverse the evolutionary loss of regenerative potential. ..
  5. Sankilampi U, Hannila M, Saari A, Gissler M, Dunkel L. New population-based references for birth weight, length, and head circumference in singletons and twins from 23 to 43 gestation weeks. Ann Med. 2013;45:446-54 pubmed publisher
    ..We constructed birth weight (BW), length (BL), and head circumference (BHC) references, assessed effects of twinness and parity, and defined cut-off points for small, ..
  6. Fraguas S, Barberán S, Iglesias M, Rodríguez Esteban G, Cebria F. egr-4, a target of EGFR signaling, is required for the formation of the brain primordia and head regeneration in planarians. Development. 2014;141:1835-47 pubmed publisher
    ..of freshwater planarians, polarity and patterning programs play essential roles in determining whether a head or a tail regenerates at anterior or posterior-facing wounds. This decision is made very soon after amputation...
  7. Nummenmaa A, Stenroos M, Ilmoniemi R, Okada Y, Hamalainen M, Raij T. Comparison of spherical and realistically shaped boundary element head models for transcranial magnetic stimulation navigation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013;124:1995-2007 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, we compared different types of spherical models and BEMs...
  8. Arleo A, Dejean C, Allegraud P, Khamassi M, Zugaro M, Wiener S. Optic flow stimuli update anterodorsal thalamus head direction neuronal activity in rats. J Neurosci. 2013;33:16790-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Head direction (HD) neurons fire selectively according to head orientation in the yaw plane relative to environmental landmark cues...
  9. Tian F, Liu H. Depth-compensated diffuse optical tomography enhanced by general linear model analysis and an anatomical atlas of human head. Neuroimage. 2014;85 Pt 1:166-80 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the semi-infinite model that was used in DCA deviated significantly from the realistic human head anatomy...

More Information

Publications96

  1. Rocha C, Croci C, Caria P. Is there relationship between temporomandibular disorders and head and cervical posture? A systematic review. J Oral Rehabil. 2013;40:875-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this systematic review was to find sufficient evidence to deny or accept the association between the head and cervical posture and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), and thus assist health professionals in the evaluation ..
  2. Liu S, Selck C, Friedrich B, Lutz R, Vila Farré M, Dahl A, et al. Reactivating head regrowth in a regeneration-deficient planarian species. Nature. 2013;500:81-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Tissue fragments cut from the posterior half of the body of this species are unable to regenerate a head and ultimately die...
  3. Scott B, Brody C, Tank D. Cellular resolution functional imaging in behaving rats using voluntary head restraint. Neuron. 2013;80:371-84 pubmed publisher
    ..apparatus that allows cellular resolution functional imaging of cortical regions during epochs of voluntary head restraint...
  4. Shomrat T, Levin M. An automated training paradigm reveals long-term memory in planarians and its persistence through head regeneration. J Exp Biol. 2013;216:3799-810 pubmed publisher
    ..trained, decapitated planarians exhibit evidence of memory retrieval in a savings paradigm after regenerating a new head. Our work establishes a foundation for objective, high-throughput assays in this molecularly tractable model system ..
  5. Morgan C, McGowan P, Herwitker S, Hart A, Turner M. Postnatal head growth in preterm infants: a randomized controlled parenteral nutrition study. Pediatrics. 2014;133:e120-8 pubmed publisher
    Early postnatal head growth failure is well recognized in very preterm infants (VPIs). This coincides with the characteristic nutritional deficits that occur in these parenteral nutrition (PN) dependent infants in the first month of life...
  6. Owlia M, Yu L, Deible C, Hughes M, Jovin F, Bump G. Head CT scan overuse in frequently admitted medical patients. Am J Med. 2014;127:406-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Some of this imaging may be unnecessary, and in particular, head CT scans may be over-used in this patient population...
  7. Zeng L, Wang D, Fox M, Sabuncu M, Hu D, Ge M, et al. Neurobiological basis of head motion in brain imaging. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:6058-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Intersubject analysis identified a correlate of head motion consisting of reduced distant functional connectivity primarily in the default network in individuals with ..
  8. Chaste P, Klei L, Sanders S, Murtha M, Hus V, Lowe J, et al. Adjusting head circumference for covariates in autism: clinical correlates of a highly heritable continuous trait. Biol Psychiatry. 2013;74:576-84 pubmed publisher
    ..A proxy for neurodevelopment could be head circumference (HC), but studies assessing HC and its clinical correlates in ASD have been inconsistent...
  9. Ntini E, Wimmer E. Unique establishment of procephalic head segments is supported by the identification of cis-regulatory elements driving segment-specific segment polarity gene expression in Drosophila. Dev Genes Evol. 2011;221:1-16 pubmed publisher
    Anterior head segmentation is governed by different regulatory mechanisms than those that control trunk segmentation in Drosophila...
  10. Knopf A, Lahmer T, Chaker A, Stark T, Hofauer B, Pickhard A, et al. Head and neck sarcoidosis, from wait and see to tumor necrosis factor alpha therapy: a pilot study. Head Neck. 2013;35:715-9 pubmed publisher
    To suggest treatment modalities with respect to the specific requirements of head and neck sarcoidosis. Head and neck sarcoidosis was diagnosed in 31 patients...
  11. Gray K, Taffe J, Sweeney D, Forster S, Tonge B. Could head circumference be used to screen for autism in young males with developmental delay?. J Paediatr Child Health. 2012;48:329-34 pubmed publisher
    Research has suggested an abnormal acceleration in head circumference growth in children with autism within the first 12?months of life...
  12. Birge L, Pitts M, Baker R, Wilkinson G. Length polymorphism and head shape association among genes with polyglutamine repeats in the stalk-eyed fly, Teleopsis dalmanni. BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:227 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we characterize variation in and test for an association between SARPs and head shape, a trait under strong sexual selection, in the stalk-eyed fly, Teleopsis dalmanni...
  13. Calabrese L, Ostuni A, Ansarin M, Giugliano G, Maffini F, Alterio D, et al. Future challenges in head and neck cancer: from the bench to the bedside?. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2012;84 Suppl 1:e90-6 pubmed publisher
    ..While much progress has been made in understanding the molecular basis of cancer, the 5-year mortality of head and neck cancer has remained approximately 50%...
  14. Li Z, Lan Y, He W, Chen D, Wang J, Zhou F, et al. Mouse embryonic head as a site for hematopoietic stem cell development. Cell Stem Cell. 2012;11:663-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report that, in parallel to the AGM region, the E10.5-E11.5 mouse head harbors bona fide HSCs, as defined by long-term, high-level, multilineage reconstitution and self-renewal capacity ..
  15. Ghosh P, Ghosh D. Subdural hematoma in infants without accidental or nonaccidental injury: benign external hydrocephalus, a risk factor. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2011;50:897-903 pubmed publisher
    ..Symptoms included increasing head size (8), fussiness, and irritability (3)...
  16. Gueguen M, Vuillerme N, Isableu B. Does the integration of haptic and visual cues reduce the effect of a biased visual reference frame on the subjective head orientation?. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e34380 pubmed publisher
    ..The extent to which we perceive the head axis orientation (subjective head orientation, SHO) with both accuracy and precision likely contributes to the ..
  17. Tsanov M, Chah E, Vann S, Reilly R, Erichsen J, Aggleton J, et al. Theta-modulated head direction cells in the rat anterior thalamus. J Neurosci. 2011;31:9489-502 pubmed publisher
    ..Theta rhythm and head directionality are the two main signals found across all levels of Papez's circuit, which supports episodic memory ..
  18. Brainard L, Beckwith J, Chu J, Crisco J, McAllister T, Duhaime A, et al. Gender differences in head impacts sustained by collegiate ice hockey players. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44:297-304 pubmed publisher
    This study aimed to quantify the frequency, magnitude, and location of head impacts sustained by male and female collegiate ice hockey players during two seasons of play.
  19. Pedersen M, von Stedingk H, Botsivali M, Agramunt S, Alexander J, Brunborg G, et al. Birth weight, head circumference, and prenatal exposure to acrylamide from maternal diet: the European prospective mother-child study (NewGeneris). Environ Health Perspect. 2012;120:1739-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Acrylamide is a common dietary exposure that crosses the human placenta. It is classified as a probable human carcinogen, and developmental toxicity has been observed in rodents...
  20. Shapiro M, Kronenberg Z, Li C, Domyan E, Pan H, Campbell M, et al. Genomic diversity and evolution of the head crest in the rock pigeon. Science. 2013;339:1063-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified the gene EphB2 as a strong candidate for the derived head crest phenotype shared by numerous breeds, an important trait in mate selection in many avian species...
  21. Williams F, Mills D, Guo K. Development of a head-mounted, eye-tracking system for dogs. J Neurosci Methods. 2011;194:259-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we describe a mobile, head-mounted, video-based, eye-tracking system and a procedure for achieving standardised calibration allowing an output ..
  22. Fossat N, Jones V, Khoo P, Bogani D, Hardy A, Steiner K, et al. Stringent requirement of a proper level of canonical WNT signalling activity for head formation in mouse embryo. Development. 2011;138:667-76 pubmed publisher
    ..WNT signalling responses in the precursors of the craniofacial structures and leads to a complete truncation of the head at early organogenesis...
  23. Satterthwaite T, Wolf D, Loughead J, Ruparel K, Elliott M, Hakonarson H, et al. Impact of in-scanner head motion on multiple measures of functional connectivity: relevance for studies of neurodevelopment in youth. Neuroimage. 2012;60:623-32 pubmed publisher
    It has recently been reported (Van Dijk et al., 2011) that in-scanner head motion can have a substantial impact on MRI measurements of resting-state functional connectivity...
  24. Sakai A, Okami K, Onuki J, Miyasaka M, Furuya H, Iida M. Statistical analysis of post-operative complications after head and neck surgery. Tokai J Exp Clin Med. 2008;33:105-9 pubmed
    The risk factors for wound complications after surgery for head and neck cancers at Tokai University Hospital were evaluated...
  25. Jacquemont S, Reymond A, Zufferey F, Harewood L, Walters R, Kutalik Z, et al. Mirror extreme BMI phenotypes associated with gene dosage at the chromosome 16p11.2 locus. Nature. 2011;478:97-102 pubmed publisher
    ..with an unusually high frequency of selective and restrictive eating behaviours and a significant reduction in head circumference...
  26. Banzato T, Russo E, Di Toma A, Palmisano G, Zotti A. Evaluation of radiographic, computed tomographic, and cadaveric anatomy of the head of boa constrictors. Am J Vet Res. 2011;72:1592-9 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the radiographic, computed tomographic (CT), and cadaveric anatomy of the head of boa constrictors.
  27. Petrar S, Bartlett C, Hart R, MacDougall P. Pulmonary complications after major head and neck surgery: A retrospective cohort study. Laryngoscope. 2012;122:1057-61 pubmed publisher
    Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) following head and neck surgery are common...
  28. Riordan A, Prokop M, Viergever M, Dankbaar J, Smit E, de Jong H. Validation of CT brain perfusion methods using a realistic dynamic head phantom. Med Phys. 2011;38:3212-21 pubmed
    Development and evaluation of a realistic hybrid head phantom for the validation of quantitative CT brain perfusion methods...
  29. Estevan I, Alvarez O, Falco C, Molina García J, Castillo I. Impact force and time analysis influenced by execution distance in a roundhouse kick to the head in taekwondo. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25:2851-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This study analyzes the roundhouse kick to the head by comparing the maximum impact force, execution time, and impact time in 3 distances according to the athletes' ..
  30. Vogl T, Schulz B, Bauer R, Stover T, Sader R, Tawfik A. Dual-energy CT applications in head and neck imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012;199:S34-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Dual-energy CT also has potential for head and neck imaging. This review describes the role of dual-energy CT in head and neck imaging...
  31. Bishop J, Sharma R, Westra W. PAX8 immunostaining of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: a reliable means of discerning thyroid origin for undifferentiated tumors of the head and neck. Hum Pathol. 2011;42:1873-7 pubmed publisher
    ..the histologic variant, anaplastic thyroid carcinoma may be confused with sarcoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck...
  32. Cehak A, Rohn K, Barton A, Stadler P, Ohnesorge B. Effect of head and neck position on pharyngeal diameter in horses. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2010;51:491-7 pubmed
    ..Its underlying pathophysiology is not fully understood. We hypothesize that head position affects pharyngeal diameter, and thus head position may be a contributing factor to nasopharyngeal ..
  33. Bertino E, Spada E, Occhi L, Coscia A, Giuliani F, Gagliardi L, et al. Neonatal anthropometric charts: the Italian neonatal study compared with other European studies. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010;51:353-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The study reports the Italian Neonatal Study charts for weight, length, and head circumference of singletons born between 23 and 42 gestational weeks, comparing them with previous Italian data and ..
  34. Stratton P, Milford M, Wyeth G, Wiles J. Using strategic movement to calibrate a neural compass: a spiking network for tracking head direction in rats and robots. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e25687 pubmed publisher
    The head direction (HD) system in mammals contains neurons that fire to represent the direction the animal is facing in its environment...
  35. Posnien N, Koniszewski N, Hein H, Bucher G. Candidate gene screen in the red flour beetle Tribolium reveals six3 as ancient regulator of anterior median head and central complex development. PLoS Genet. 2011;7:e1002416 pubmed publisher
    Several highly conserved genes play a role in anterior neural plate patterning of vertebrates and in head and brain patterning of insects...
  36. Jones M, Werneburg I, Curtis N, Penrose R, O Higgins P, Fagan M, et al. The head and neck anatomy of sea turtles (Cryptodira: Chelonioidea) and skull shape in Testudines. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47852 pubmed publisher
    ..Sea turtles (Chelonoidea) are a charismatic group of marine reptiles that occupy a range of important ecological roles. However, the diversity and evolution of their feeding anatomy remain incompletely known...
  37. Kimura R, Saiki A, Fujiwara Tsukamoto Y, Ohkubo F, Kitamura K, Matsuzaki M, et al. Reinforcing operandum: rapid and reliable learning of skilled forelimb movements by head-fixed rodents. J Neurophysiol. 2012;108:1781-92 pubmed publisher
    Stereotaxic head fixation plays a necessary role in current physiological techniques, such as in vivo whole cell recording and two-photon laser-scanning microscopy, that are designed to elucidate the cortical involvement in animal ..
  38. Zioni N, Soroker V, Chejanovsky N. Replication of Varroa destructor virus 1 (VDV-1) and a Varroa destructor virus 1-deformed wing virus recombinant (VDV-1-DWV) in the head of the honey bee. Virology. 2011;417:106-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus VDV-1-DWV recombination may yield virulent strains able to cause overt infections in Varroa-infested bee colonies. ..
  39. Beane W, Morokuma J, Lemire J, Levin M. Bioelectric signaling regulates head and organ size during planarian regeneration. Development. 2013;140:313-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Using the planarian model system, we report that membrane voltage-dependent bioelectric signaling determines both head size and organ scaling during regeneration...
  40. Windhoff M, Opitz A, Thielscher A. Electric field calculations in brain stimulation based on finite elements: an optimized processing pipeline for the generation and usage of accurate individual head models. Hum Brain Mapp. 2013;34:923-35 pubmed publisher
    ..such as the finite element method (FEM) is methodologically complex, starting with the creation of accurate head models to the integration of the models in the numerical calculations...
  41. Jones H, Koka K, Thornton J, Tollin D. Concurrent development of the head and pinnae and the acoustical cues to sound location in a precocious species, the chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera). J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2011;12:127-40 pubmed publisher
    Sounds are filtered in a spatial- and frequency-dependent manner by the head and pinna giving rise to the acoustical cues to sound source location...
  42. Reneman L, de Win M, Booij J, van den Brink W, den Heeten G, Freling N, et al. Incidental head and neck findings on MRI in young healthy volunteers: prevalence and clinical implications. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2012;33:1971-4 pubmed publisher
    We determined the prevalence and clinical relevance of incidental brain and head and neck findings in young healthy volunteers with MR imaging...
  43. Jadhav A, Jovin T. Vascular imaging of the head and neck. Semin Neurol. 2012;32:401-10 pubmed publisher
  44. Ferradal S, Eggebrecht A, Hassanpour M, Snyder A, Culver J. Atlas-based head modeling and spatial normalization for high-density diffuse optical tomography: in vivo validation against fMRI. Neuroimage. 2014;85 Pt 1:117-26 pubmed publisher
    ..In the absence of subject-specific anatomical images, atlas-based head models registered to the subject's head using cranial fiducials provide an alternative solution...
  45. Sengul G, Baysal U. An extended Kalman filtering approach for the estimation of human head tissue conductivities by using EEG data: a simulation study. Physiol Meas. 2012;33:571-86 pubmed publisher
    In this study, we propose an extended Kalman filter approach for the estimation of the human head tissue conductivities in vivo by using electroencephalogram (EEG) data...
  46. Tian L, Lin W, Zhang S, Pan Y. Bat head contains soft magnetic particles: evidence from magnetism. Bioelectromagnetics. 2010;31:499-503 pubmed publisher
    ..This new evidence supports the assumption that some bats use magnetite particles for sensing and orientation in the Earth's magnetic field...
  47. Smit D, Luciano M, Bartels M, van Beijsterveldt C, Wright M, Hansell N, et al. Heritability of head size in Dutch and Australian twin families at ages 0-50 years. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2010;13:370-80 pubmed publisher
    We assessed the heritability of head circumference, an approximation of brain size, in twin-sib families of different ages...
  48. Veronese F, Farinelli P, Zavattaro E, Zuccoli R, Bonvini D, Leigheb G, et al. Basal cell carcinoma of the head region: therapeutical results of 350 lesions treated with Mohs micrographic surgery. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2012;26:838-43 pubmed publisher
    ..The percentage of recurrence also depends on the anatomical site of the tumour. Nose-cheek fold, paranasal fold, retroauricular fold and internal canthus are considered to be critical sites...
  49. Goldberg J, Cullen K. Vestibular control of the head: possible functions of the vestibulocollic reflex. Exp Brain Res. 2011;210:331-45 pubmed publisher
    Here, we review the angular vestibulocollic reflex (VCR) focusing on its function during unexpected and voluntary head movements...
  50. Pinto F, Malena C, Vanni C, Capelli F, Matos L, Kanda J. Pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps for head and neck reconstruction: factors influencing occurrences of complications and the final outcome. Sao Paulo Med J. 2010;128:336-41 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to identify factors that may cause complications and influence the final result from reconstructions using pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps (PMMFs) for head and neck defect repair following cancer resection.
  51. HANLON E, Bir C. Validation of a wireless head acceleration measurement system for use in soccer play. J Appl Biomech. 2010;26:424-31 pubmed
    ..The purpose of the current study is to validate a wireless head acceleration measurement system, head impact telemetry system (HITS) that can be used to collect head accelerations ..
  52. Colgan N, Gilchrist M, Curran K. Applying DTI white matter orientations to finite element head models to examine diffuse TBI under high rotational accelerations. Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2010;103:304-9 pubmed publisher
    The in-vivo mechanical response of neural tissue during impact loading of the head is simulated using geometrically accurate finite element (FE) head models...
  53. Varner V, Voronov D, Taber L. Mechanics of head fold formation: investigating tissue-level forces during early development. Development. 2010;137:3801-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Formation of the head fold (HF) is the first step in this cascading sequence of out-of-plane tissue folds...
  54. Bode H. The head organizer in Hydra. Int J Dev Biol. 2012;56:473-8 pubmed
    ..In this context, the head organizer located in the hypostome is continuously active sending out signals to maintain the structure and ..
  55. Daymont C, Hwang W, Feudtner C, Rubin D. Head-circumference distribution in a large primary care network differs from CDC and WHO curves. Pediatrics. 2010;126:e836-42 pubmed publisher
    To compare currently available head-circumference growth curves to curves constructed from clinical measurements from patients in a large US primary care network (PCN).
  56. Loyd A, Nightingale R, Bass C, Mertz H, Frush D, Daniel C, et al. Pediatric head contours and inertial properties for ATD design. Stapp Car Crash J. 2010;54:167-96 pubmed
    Child head trauma in the United States is responsible for 30% of all childhood injury deaths with costs estimated at $10 billion per year. The common tools for studying this problem are the child anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs)...
  57. Grocott T, Tambalo M, Streit A. The peripheral sensory nervous system in the vertebrate head: a gene regulatory perspective. Dev Biol. 2012;370:3-23 pubmed publisher
    In the vertebrate head, crucial parts of the sense organs and sensory ganglia develop from special regions, the cranial placodes...
  58. Carducci F, Brusco R. Accuracy of an individualized MR-based head model for navigated brain stimulation. Psychiatry Res. 2012;203:105-8 pubmed publisher
    ..MRI), which is contraindicated in some patients, we evaluated the accuracy of an individualized MR template-based head model in terms of navigated brain stimulation system targeting...
  59. Collar R, Zopf D, Brown D, Fung K, Kim J. The versatility of the temporoparietal fascia flap in head and neck reconstruction. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2012;65:141-8 pubmed publisher
    The temporoparietal fascia flap (TPFF) is a versatile tool in head and neck reconstruction. This article aims to describe the spectrum of TPFF applications through a series of case studies and related review of the literature.
  60. Brantsæter A, Birgisdottir B, Meltzer H, Kvalem H, Alexander J, Magnus P, et al. Maternal seafood consumption and infant birth weight, length and head circumference in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Br J Nutr. 2012;107:436-44 pubmed publisher
    ..seafood, subtypes of seafood and supplementary n-3 fatty acids were associated with infant birth weight, length and head circumference in a prospective study in Norway...
  61. Viollet S, Zeil J. Feed-forward and visual feedback control of head roll orientation in wasps (Polistes humilis, Vespidae, Hymenoptera). J Exp Biol. 2013;216:1280-91 pubmed publisher
    ..such as bees and wasps do not have halteres that provide fast, feed-forward angular rate information to stabilize head orientation in the presence of body rotations...
  62. Pucci O, Toronov V, St Lawrence K. Measurement of the optical properties of a two-layer model of the human head using broadband near-infrared spectroscopy. Appl Opt. 2010;49:6324-32 pubmed publisher
    ..development of a continuous-wave method of quantifying the optical properties of a two-layered model of the human head using a broadband spectral approach...
  63. Paek H, Hwang J, Zukin R, Hebert J. ?-Catenin-dependent FGF signaling sustains cell survival in the anterior embryonic head by countering Smad4. Dev Cell. 2011;20:689-99 pubmed publisher
    ..for example, ablation of FGF signaling leads to the rapid death of the precursor cells that form the anterior head, including the telencephalon...
  64. Vann S. A role for the head-direction system in geometric learning. Behav Brain Res. 2011;224:201-6 pubmed publisher
    Several recent models of episodic memory have highlighted a potential contribution from the head-direction system; there is, however, surprisingly little known about the behavioural effects of selective lesions within the head-direction ..
  65. Milinkovitch M, Manukyan L, Debry A, Di Poï N, Martin S, Singh D, et al. Crocodile head scales are not developmental units but emerge from physical cracking. Science. 2013;339:78-81 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that the rapid growth of the crocodile embryonic facial and jaw skeleton, combined with the development of a very keratinized skin, generates the mechanical stress that causes cracking...
  66. Luyat M, Noël M, Thery V, Gentaz E. Gender and line size factors modulate the deviations of the subjective visual vertical induced by head tilt. BMC Neurosci. 2012;13:28 pubmed publisher
    ..factors (the angle size of the stimulus and the participant's gender) on deviations of the SVV caused by head tilt...
  67. Marshall C, Guzmán A, Narazaki T, Sato K, Kane E, Sterba Boatwright B. The ontogenetic scaling of bite force and head size in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta): implications for durophagy in neritic, benthic habitats. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:4166-74 pubmed publisher
    ..The increasing bite performance and accompanying changes in morphology of the head and jaws are likely an effective mechanism for resource partitioning and decreasing trophic competition...
  68. Hanasono M, Skoracki R, Silva A, Yu P. Adipofascial perforator flaps for "aesthetic" head and neck reconstruction. Head Neck. 2011;33:1513-9 pubmed publisher
    Most head and neck reconstructions are performed for wound closure or functional rehabilitation with aesthetic restoration being an important but secondary consideration.
  69. Shin D, Chung M, Park J. Systematized methods of surface reconstruction from the serial sectioned images of a cadaver head. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:190-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We used recent state-of-the-art sectioned images of a cadaver head in which several structures were delineated...
  70. Yorimitsu T, Kiritooshi N, Nakagoshi H. Defective proventriculus specifies the ocellar region in the Drosophila head. Dev Biol. 2011;356:598-607 pubmed publisher
    ..eye-antennal disc gives rise to four distinct organs (eyes, antennae, maxillary palps, and ocelli) and surrounding head cuticle...
  71. Eagderi S, Adriaens D. Cephalic morphology of Pythonichthys macrurus (Heterenchelyidae: Anguilliformes): specializations for head-first burrowing. J Morphol. 2010;271:1053-65 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was conducted to evaluate the cranial specialization in relation to head-first burrowing behavior in the heterenchelyid, Pythonichthys macrurus...
  72. Cole M, Silburn P, Wood J, Worringham C, Kerr G. Falls in Parkinson's disease: kinematic evidence for impaired head and trunk control. Mov Disord. 2010;25:2369-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Relative to walking velocity, PD fallers had increased mediolateral head motion compared with PD nonfallers and controls...
  73. Starke S, Willems E, May S, Pfau T. Vertical head and trunk movement adaptations of sound horses trotting in a circle on a hard surface. Vet J. 2012;193:73-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of trotting in a circle on head and trunk movement symmetry...
  74. Viano D, Withnall C, Wonnacott M. Football helmet drop tests on different fields using an instrumented Hybrid III head. Ann Biomed Eng. 2012;40:97-105 pubmed publisher
    An instrumented Hybrid III head was placed in a Schutt ION 4D football helmet and dropped on different turfs to study field types and temperature on head responses. The head was dropped 0.91 and 1.83 m giving impacts of 4.2 and 6...
  75. Undén J, Ingebrigtsen T, Romner B. Scandinavian guidelines for initial management of minimal, mild and moderate head injuries in adults: an evidence and consensus-based update. BMC Med. 2013;11:50 pubmed publisher
    The management of minimal, mild and moderate head injuries is still controversial. In 2000, the Scandinavian Neurotrauma Committee (SNC) presented evidence-based guidelines for initial management of these injuries...
  76. Bode H. Axis formation in hydra. Annu Rev Genet. 2011;45:105-17 pubmed publisher
    A hydra has a simple structure consisting of a head, body column, and foot along a single axis called the oral-aboral axis...
  77. Lell M, Meyer E, Kuefner M, May M, Raupach R, Uder M, et al. Normalized metal artifact reduction in head and neck computed tomography. Invest Radiol. 2012;47:415-21 pubmed publisher
    ..We developed a generalized normalization technique for MAR (NMAR) that aims to suppress algorithm-induced artifacts and validated the performance of this algorithm in a clinical trial...
  78. Tecco S, Crincoli V, Di Bisceglie B, Caputi S, Festa F. Relation between facial morphology on lateral skull radiographs and sEMG activity of head, neck, and trunk muscles in Caucasian adult females. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2011;21:298-310 pubmed publisher
    ..an association between facial morphology on cephalometrics and surface electromyographic (sEMG) recordings of the head, neck, and trunk muscles...
  79. Hoetzenecker W, Guenova E, Böttinger T, Häfner H, Breuninger H. Mapping of specific sentinel node locations for skin cancer of the head. Eur J Dermatol. 2011;21:354-8 pubmed publisher
    ..However, those tumors are often located on the head and neck, regions with notoriously variable lymphatic drainage patterns...
  80. Valenti R, Sebe N, Gevers T. Combining head pose and eye location information for gaze estimation. IEEE Trans Image Process. 2012;21:802-15 pubmed publisher
    b>Head pose and eye location for gaze estimation have been separately studied in numerous works in the literature...
  81. Ghods E, Kreissl A, Brandstetter S, Fuiko R, Widhalm K. Head circumference catch-up growth among preterm very low birth weight infants: effect on neurodevelopmental outcome. J Perinat Med. 2011;39:579-86 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to determine whether head circumference (HC) catch-up is associated with improved neurocognitive development.
  82. Zhu F, Mao H, Dal Cengio Leonardi A, Wagner C, Chou C, Jin X, et al. Development of an FE model of the rat head subjected to air shock loading. Stapp Car Crash J. 2010;54:211-25 pubmed
    ..1955) observed that brain injuries could occur by direct pressure loading without any global head accelerations...
  83. Crisco J, Wilcox B, Machan J, McAllister T, Duhaime A, Duma S, et al. Magnitude of head impact exposures in individual collegiate football players. J Appl Biomech. 2012;28:174-83 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to quantify the severity of head impacts sustained by individual collegiate football players and to investigate differences between impacts sustained during practice and game sessions, as well as by player ..
  84. Li Z, Hu J, Reed M, Rupp J, Hoff C, Zhang J, et al. Development, validation, and application of a parametric pediatric head finite element model for impact simulations. Ann Biomed Eng. 2011;39:2984-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Radial basis function was used to morph the geometry of a baseline child head finite element (FE) model into models with geometries representing a newborn, a 1...
  85. Lee W, Deng Z, Kim T, Laine A, Lisanby S, PETERCHEV A. Regional electric field induced by electroconvulsive therapy in a realistic finite element head model: influence of white matter anisotropic conductivity. Neuroimage. 2012;59:2110-23 pubmed publisher
    ..A finite element head model incorporating tissue heterogeneity and WM anisotropic conductivity was constructed based on structural ..
  86. Kiourti A, Nikita K. Numerical assessment of the performance of a scalp-implantable antenna: effects of head anatomy and dielectric parameters. Bioelectromagnetics. 2013;34:167-79 pubmed publisher
    We numerically assess the effects of head properties (anatomy and dielectric parameters) on the performance of a scalp-implantable antenna for telemetry in the Medical Implant Communications Service band (402.0-405.0?MHz)...
  87. Evans D, Owlarn S, Tejada Romero B, Chen C, Aboobaker A. Combining classical and molecular approaches elaborates on the complexity of mechanisms underpinning anterior regeneration. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e27927 pubmed publisher
    ..Together these insights start to delineate the interplay between discrete existing, new, and then later homeostatic signals in AP axis regeneration...