Summary: The properties of a pathogen that makes it capable of infecting one or more specific hosts. The pathogen can include PARASITES as well as VIRUSES; BACTERIA; FUNGI; or PLANTS.
- Eng C, Tong J, Tan T. Predicting host tropism of influenza A virus proteins using random forest. BMC Med Genomics. 2014;7 Suppl 3:S1 pubmed publisher..The models are available for prediction at http://fluleap.bic.nus.edu.sg. ..
- Suzuki T, España M, Nunes M, Zhurov V, Dermauw W, Osakabe M, et al. Protocols for the delivery of small molecules to the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180658 pubmed publisher..In addition, described protocols could be adapted for other Tetranychidae and related species of economic importance such as Varroa, dust and poultry mites...
- Bamunusinghe D, Liu Q, Plishka R, Dolan M, Skorski M, Oler A, et al. Recombinant Origins of Pathogenic and Nonpathogenic Mouse Gammaretroviruses with Polytropic Host Range. J Virol. 2017;91: pubmed publisher..Virus-induced leukemogenesis thus involves generation of complex recombinants, and specific replacements are linked to pathogenesis and host restrictions. ..
- Catenazzi A, Swei A, Finkle J, Foreyt E, Wyman L, Vredenburg V. Epizootic to enzootic transition of a fungal disease in tropical Andean frogs: Are surviving species still susceptible?. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0186478 pubmed publisher..Our study suggests that some species remain vulnerable to Bd and exhibit ongoing population declines in enzootic systems where Bd-host dynamics are assumed to be stable...
- Sørensen U, Poulsen K, Ghezzo C, Margarit I, Kilian M. Emergence and global dissemination of host-specific Streptococcus agalactiae clones. MBio. 2010;1: pubmed publisher..agalactiae genome invalidates phylogenetic inferences exclusively based on multilocus sequence typing (MLST) data and thereby the previously reported conclusion that the human-associated CC17 emerged from the bovine-associated CC67. ..
- Rouxel M, Mestre P, Baudoin A, Carisse O, Deliere L, Ellis M, et al. Geographic distribution of cryptic species of Plasmopara viticola causing downy mildew on wild and cultivated grape in eastern North America. Phytopathology. 2014;104:692-701 pubmed publisher..vinifera within the sampled area, indicating that a single pathogen species may represent the primary threat to the European host species within eastern North America. ..
- Geng P, Tian S, Yuan Z, Hu X. Identification and genomic comparison of temperate bacteriophages derived from emetic Bacillus cereus. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184572 pubmed publisher..cereus strains and cross-lytic activity against some other pathogenic bacteria, implying a potential to control bacterial contamination in the food supply. ..
- Sylvester K, Wang Q, James B, Mendez R, Hulfachor A, Hittinger C. Temperature and host preferences drive the diversification of Saccharomyces and other yeasts: a survey and the discovery of eight new yeast species. FEMS Yeast Res. 2015;15: pubmed publisher..This survey highlights the genetic and taxonomic diversity of yeasts and suggests that host and temperature preferences are major ecological factors. ..
- Vannini C, Sigona C, Hahn M, Petroni G, Fujishima M. High degree of specificity in the association between symbiotic betaproteobacteria and the host Euplotes (Ciliophora, Euplotia). Eur J Protistol. 2017;59:124-132 pubmed publisher..Due to a co-evolutive pathway of reciprocal adaptation, different degree of re-colonization ability could have been conserved by the different species and strains of the symbionts. ..
- Shafique M, Alvi I, Abbas Z, Ur Rehman S. Assessment of biofilm removal capacity of a broad host range bacteriophage JHP against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. APMIS. 2017;125:579-584 pubmed publisher..Combinations of JHP with other phages or antibiotics could be an efficient alternative for P. aeruginosa biofilm removal in clinical and industrial settings. ..
- Sharaf A, Mercati F, Elmaghraby I, Elbaz R, Marei E. Functional and comparative genome analysis of novel virulent actinophages belonging to Streptomyces flavovirens. BMC Microbiol. 2017;17:51 pubmed publisher..The results of this study provide the first physiological and genomic information for S. flavovirens phages and will be useful for pharmaceutical industries based on S. flavovirens and future phage evolution studies. ..
- Yao G, Duarte Í, Le T, Carmody L, LiPuma J, Young R, et al. A Broad-Host-Range Tailocin from Burkholderia cenocepacia. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2017;83: pubmed publisher..As such, BceTMilo and related or modified tailocins have potential as bactericidal therapeutic agents against plant- and human-pathogenic Burkholderia. ..
- Vigneron A, Charif D, Vincent Monegat C, Vallier A, Gavory F, Wincker P, et al. Host gene response to endosymbiont and pathogen in the cereal weevil Sitophilus oryzae. BMC Microbiol. 2012;12 Suppl 1:S14 pubmed publisher..Bacterial challenge experiments have revealed that the systemic immune response would be less induced in a symbiotic insect, thus highlighting new perspectives on host immunity in long-term invertebrate co-evolutionary associations. ..
- Venkatesh D, Boehm C, Barlow L, Nankissoor N, O Reilly A, Kelly S, et al. Evolution of the endomembrane systems of trypanosomatids - conservation and specialisation. J Cell Sci. 2017;130:1421-1434 pubmed publisher..Significantly, testing predictions of SNARE complex composition by proteomics confirms generalised retention of function across eukaryotes. ..
- Kinnula H, Mappes J, Sundberg L. Coinfection outcome in an opportunistic pathogen depends on the inter-strain interactions. BMC Evol Biol. 2017;17:77 pubmed publisher..Our results highlight the importance of strain interactions in disease dynamics in environments where various pathogen genotypes co-occur. ..
- Ballester A, Marcet Houben M, Levin E, Sela N, Selma Lázaro C, Carmona L, et al. Genome, Transcriptome, and Functional Analyses of Penicillium expansum Provide New Insights Into Secondary Metabolism and Pathogenicity. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2015;28:232-48 pubmed publisher..expansum to successfully infect apples. Li et al. ( MPMI-12-14-0398-FI ) reported similar results and conclusions in their recently accepted paper. ..
- Hurt A, Vijaykrishna D, Butler J, Baas C, Maurer Stroh S, Silva de la Fuente M, et al. Detection of evolutionarily distinct avian influenza a viruses in antarctica. MBio. 2014;5:e01098-14 pubmed publisher..This study provides the first insight into the ecology of AIVs in Antarctica and highlights the potential risk of an introduction of highly pathogenic AIVs into the continent. ..
- Brugman V, Hernández Triana L, England M, Medlock J, Mertens P, Logan J, et al. Blood-feeding patterns of native mosquitoes and insights into their potential role as pathogen vectors in the Thames estuary region of the United Kingdom. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:163 pubmed publisher..pipiens f. pipiens and Cx. modestus indicates the potential for enzootic transmission of an introduced arbovirus between migratory and local bird species by native mosquito species. ..
- Shimon A, Shani O, Diskin R. Structural Basis for Receptor Selectivity by the Whitewater Arroyo Mammarenavirus. J Mol Biol. 2017;429:2825-2839 pubmed publisher..Instead, the ability to utilize the human receptor directly depends on the extent of weak interactions throughout the receptor-binding site that in some viruses are sufficiently strong to overcome the structural incompatibilities. ..
- Martin S, Cutmore S, Ward S, Cribb T. An updated concept and revised composition for <i>Hamacreadium</i> Linton, 1910 (Opecoelidae: Plagioporinae) clarifies a previously obscured pattern of host-specificity among species. Zootaxa. 2017;4254:151-187 pubmed publisher..Hamacreadium lutiani (Shen, 1990) n. comb., Hamacreadium morgani Baz,1946 and Hamacreadium phyllorchis (Bilqees, 1976) Cribb, 2005. A key to species of Hamacreadium and comprehensive lists of all host-locality records are included. ..
- Morrow J, Hall A, Riegler M. Symbionts in waiting: the dynamics of incipient endosymbiont complementation and replacement in minimal bacterial communities of psyllids. Microbiome. 2017;5:58 pubmed publisher..Our multiple comparisons of deep-sequenced minimal insect bacterial communities exposed the dynamics involved in shaping insect endosymbiosis. ..
- Komisarczuk A, Grotmol S, Nilsen F. Ionotropic receptors signal host recognition in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Copepoda). PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178812 pubmed publisherA remarkable feature of many parasites is a high degree of host specificity but the mechanisms behind are poorly understood. A major challenge for parasites is to identify and infect a suitable host...
- Zhang W, Chen S, Mahalingam S, Wang M, Cheng A. An updated review of avian-origin Tembusu virus: a newly emerging avian Flavivirus. J Gen Virol. 2017;98:2413-2420 pubmed publisher..This review describes the current understanding of the genome characteristics, host range, transmission, epidemiology, phylogenetic and immune evasion of avian-origin TMUV and the innate immune response of the host. ..
- Tu J, Park T, Morado D, Hughes K, Molineux I, Liu J. Dual host specificity of phage SP6 is facilitated by tailspike rotation. Virology. 2017;507:206-215 pubmed publisher..The SP6 tailspikes are recognized as important in host range determination but the mechanisms underlying dual host specificity are unknown...
- Endersen L, Buttimer C, Nevin E, Coffey A, Neve H, Oliveira H, et al. Investigating the biocontrol and anti-biofilm potential of a three phage cocktail against Cronobacter sakazakii in different brands of infant formula. Int J Food Microbiol. 2017;253:1-11 pubmed publisher..These results highlight the potential application of this phage preparation for biocontrol of C. sakazakii contamination in reconstituted infant formula and also as a preventative agent against biofilm formation. ..
- Dang T, Searle C, Blaustein A. Virulence variation among strains of the emerging infectious fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) in multiple amphibian host species. Dis Aquat Organ. 2017;124:233-239 pubmed publisher..We highlight the importance of both host- and pathogen-dependent factors in determining overall infection virulence and show the need for in vivo testing to fully assess pathogenicity. ..
- Travadon R, Baumgartner K. Molecular Polymorphism and Phenotypic Diversity in the Eutypa Dieback Pathogen Eutypa lata. Phytopathology. 2015;105:255-64 pubmed publisher..Regular genetic reshuffling through sexual recombination, frequent immigration among hosts, and the lack of habitat choice in this passively dispersed fungus may prevent fixation of alleles controlling host specialization. ..
- Kamminga T, Koehorst J, Vermeij P, Slagman S, Martins Dos Santos V, Bijlsma J, et al. Persistence of Functional Protein Domains in Mycoplasma Species and their Role in Host Specificity and Synthetic Minimal Life. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2017;7:31 pubmed publisher..We examined the pan- and core-domainome and studied predicted functional capability in relation to host specificity and phylogenetic distance. We show that the pan- and core-domainome of mycoplasma species is closed...
- Day J, Qihui S, Thanh L, Trieu P, Van A, Thu N, et al. Comparative genomics of Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii associated with meningitis in HIV infected and uninfected patients in Vietnam. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005628 pubmed publisher..grubii. ..
- Prator C, Kashiwagi C, Voncina D, Almeida R. Infection and Colonization of Nicotiana benthamiana by Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3. Virology. 2017;510:60-66 pubmed publisher..Comparison of assembled whole genomes from GLRaV-3 infected V. vinifera vs. N. benthamiana revealed substitutions in the 5' UTR. These results open new avenues and opportunities for GLRaV-3 research. ..
- Rodríguez González A, Sarabeev V, Balbuena J. Evolutionary morphology in shape and size of haptoral anchors in 14 Ligophorus spp. (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae). PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178367 pubmed publisher..and homoplasy may act differently in other monogeneans, the present study delivers a common framework to address effectively the relationships among morphology, phylogeny and other traits, such as host specificity or niche occupancy.
- Peck K, Scobey T, Swanstrom J, Jensen K, Burch C, Baric R, et al. Permissivity of Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Orthologs to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Is Governed by Glycosylation and Other Complex Determinants. J Virol. 2017;91: pubmed publisher..Understanding the virus-receptor interactions for these DPP4 orthologs will help in the development of additional animal models while also revealing species-specific differences impacting MERS-CoV host range. ..
- Páez Espino D, Eloe Fadrosh E, Pavlopoulos G, Thomas A, Huntemann M, Mikhailova N, et al. Uncovering Earth's virome. Nature. 2016;536:425-30 pubmed..data from 3,042 geographically diverse samples to assess the global distribution, phylogenetic diversity, and host specificity of viruses...
- Thomas A, Carbone I, Lebeda A, Ojiambo P. Virulence Structure Within Populations of Pseudoperonospora cubensis in the United States. Phytopathology. 2017;107:777-785 pubmed publisher..An integrated approach involving a combination of fungicide application and introduction of cultivars with new resistance genes will be required for effective management of CDM. ..
- Isbert W, CarrassÃ³n M, PÃ©rez del Olmo A, Montero F. A new species of Tinrovia Mamaev, 1987 (Monogenea: Microcotylidae) from the deep-sea fish Notacanthus bonaparte Risso (Notacanthiformes: Notacanthidae) in the Western Mediterranean and the North East Atlantic. Syst Parasitol. 2017;94:609-619 pubmed publisher..The host species and locality of T. mamaevi n. sp. also differ as T. papiliocauda which was recorded in Notacanthus sexspinis Richardson from the South Pacific. ..
- Vongkamjan K, Benjakul S, Kim Vu H, Vuddhakul V. Longitudinal monitoring of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria phages in seafood processing environments in Thailand. Food Microbiol. 2017;66:11-19 pubmed publisher..Variations in phage host range among Listeria phages isolated from food processing plant may affect a presence of a diverse set of L. monocytogenes isolates derived from the same processing environment in Thailand. ..
- Stockton D, Pescitelli L, Ebert T, Martini X, Stelinski L. Induced Preference Improves Offspring Fitness in a Phytopathogen Vector. Environ Entomol. 2017;46:1090-1097 pubmed publisher..citri reproductive strategies, allowing females to discriminate among potential host species in favor of those to which her offspring are best adapted...
- Meir C, Mincberg M, Rostovsky I, Tal S, Vollmers E, Levi A, et al. The MVMp P4 promoter is a host cell-type range determinant in vivo. Virology. 2017;506:141-151 pubmed publisher..We conclude that P4 is a host range determinant and a target for modifying the productive infection potential of the virus - an important consideration in adapting these viruses for oncotherapy. ..
- Maghodia A, Jarvis D. Infectivity of Sf-rhabdovirus variants in insect and mammalian cell lines. Virology. 2017;512:234-245 pubmed publisher..These results are the first to directly demonstrate Sf-rhabdoviruses are infectious for Sf cells, irrespective of the X/L deletion. They also confirm and extend previous results indicating Sf-rhabdoviruses have a narrow host range. ..
- Karunasena E, McMahon K, Chang D, Brashears M. Host responses to the pathogen Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis and beneficial microbes exhibit host sex specificity. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014;80:4481-90 pubmed
- Hu D, Zhang S, Luo J, Lu L, Cui J, Zhang X. An example of host plant expansion of host-specialized Aphis gossypii Glover in the field. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177981 pubmed publisher..Consequently, eliminating intermediate host plants may be an effective measure to suppress A. gossypii outbreaks, because cotton and cucumber are often grown together in fields and greenhouses. ..
- Mostert D, Molina A, Daniells J, Fourie G, Hermanto C, Chao C, et al. The distribution and host range of the banana Fusarium wilt fungus, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, in Asia. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181630 pubmed publisher..It could also facilitate the deployment of disease resistant banana varieties in infested areas. ..
- Ainsworth S, Sadovskaya I, Vinogradov E, Courtin P, Guerardel Y, Mahony J, et al. Differences in lactococcal cell wall polysaccharide structure are major determining factors in bacteriophage sensitivity. MBio. 2014;5:e00880-14 pubmed publisher..The information generated will be instrumental in understanding the molecular mechanisms of how phages recognize specific saccharidic receptors located on the surface of their bacterial host. ..
- Maurya A, Dhar D, Basumatary M, Paul D, Ingti B, Choudhury D, et al. Expansion of highly stable bla OXA-10 ?-lactamase family within diverse host range among nosocomial isolates of Gram-negative bacilli within a tertiary referral hospital of Northeast India. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10:145 pubmed publisher..Multiple genetic environment of bla OXA-10 in this geographical region must be investigated to prevent dissemination of these gene cassettes within bacterial population within hospital settings. ..
- Marcelletti S, Scortichini M. Definition of Plant-Pathogenic Pseudomonas Genomospecies of the Pseudomonas syringae Complex Through Multiple Comparative Approaches. Phytopathology. 2014;104:1274-82 pubmed publisher..The possibility of performing extensive and standardized host range and phenotypic tests with many strains of different pathovars can assist phytobacteriologists for better determining the boundaries of these ecological units. ..
- Chinchar V, Hick P, Ince I, Jancovich J, Marschang R, Qin Q, et al. ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Iridoviridae. J Gen Virol. 2017;98:890-891 pubmed publisher..This is a summary of the current International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the taxonomy of the Iridoviridae, which is available at www.ictv.global/report/iridoviridae. ..
- Foley P, Roth T, Foley J, Ray C. Rodent-Pika Parasite Spillover in Western North America. J Med Entomol. 2017;54:1251-1257 pubmed publisher..With global climate change, both biotic and abiotic niche shrinkage demand our attention. ..
- Moreno Torres K, Pomeroy L, Moritz M, Saville W, Wolfe B, Garabed R. Host species heterogeneity in the epidemiology of Nesopora caninum. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183900 pubmed publisher..Community-level investigations like this allow us to better evaluate heterogeneities in transmission processes that ultimately guide targeted control. ..
- Moury B, Fabre F, Hebrard E, Froissart R. Determinants of host species range in plant viruses. J Gen Virol. 2017;98:862-873 pubmed publisher..These results contribute to a better prediction of virus host jumps and emergence risks. ..
- Długońska H. Are poikilothermic animals real hosts for Toxoplasma gondii?. Ann Parasitol. 2017;63:3-5 pubmed publisher..gondii infection. The article discusses the presence of T. gondii in aquatic and terrestrial poikilothermic animals, which may be important elements in the transmission of the parasite. ..
- Mahony J, Oliveira J, Collins B, Hanemaaijer L, Lugli G, Neve H, et al. Genetic and functional characterisation of the lactococcal P335 phage-host interactions. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:146 pubmed publisher..The implications of the genomic architecture of lactococcal P335 phages on serving as a general model for Siphoviridae phages are discussed. ..
- Muller M, Raj V, Muth D, Meyer B, Kallies S, Smits S, et al. Human coronavirus EMC does not require the SARS-coronavirus receptor and maintains broad replicative capability in mammalian cell lines. MBio. 2012;3: pubmed publisher..Our results implicate that the new virus might use a receptor that is conserved between bats, pigs and humans suggesting a low barrier against cross-host transmission. ..
- Bochkov A. A review of fur-mites of the genus Dubininetta Fain & Lukoschus, 1978 (Acariformes: Listrophoridae), ectoparasites of moles (Soricomorpha: Talpidae). Syst Parasitol. 2017;94:635-647 pubmed publisher..The host ranges are considered for all species of Dubininetta. A key to the five species presently known in this genus is provided. ..