Summary: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Publications321 found, 100 shown here
- Extinction risk from climate changeChris D Thomas
Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Nature 427:145-8. 2004..These estimates show the importance of rapid implementation of technologies to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and strategies for carbon sequestration...
- Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plantsTerry L Root
Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Nature 421:57-60. 2003....
- Impact of regional climate change on human healthJonathan A Patz
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
Nature 438:310-7. 2005....
- A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systemsCamille Parmesan
Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
Nature 421:37-42. 2003..This suite of analyses generates 'very high confidence' (as laid down by the IPCC) that climate change is already affecting living systems...
- Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidificationO Hoegh-Guldberg
Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia
Science 318:1737-42. 2007..As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided...
- Climate change and human health: present and future risksAnthony J McMichael
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
Lancet 367:859-69. 2006..Evidence and anticipation of adverse health effects will strengthen the case for pre-emptive policies, and will also guide priorities for planned adaptive strategies...
- Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warmingJ Alan Pounds
Golden Toad Laboratory for Conservation, Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve and Tropical Science Center, Santa Elena, Puntarenas 5655 73, Costa Rica
Nature 439:161-7. 2006..With climate change promoting infectious disease and eroding biodiversity, the urgency of reducing greenhouse-gas concentrations is now undeniable...
- Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line IslandsStuart A Sandin
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008..Thus, protection from overfishing and pollution appears to increase the resilience of reef ecosystems to the effects of global warming...
- Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate changeCynthia Rosenzweig
NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia Center for Climate Systems Research, 2800 Broadway, New York, New York 10025, USA
Nature 453:353-7. 2008....
- Malaria in the African highlands: past, present and futureS W Lindsay
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Durham, England
Bull World Health Organ 76:33-45. 1998..We further recommend that a regional modelling approach should be adopted to assess the extent and severity of this problem and help improve disease surveillance and the quality of health care delivered in this unstable ecosystem...
- Climate change: the public health responseHoward Frumkin
National Center for Environmental Health Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS E 28, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Am J Public Health 98:435-45. 2008....
- Climate change and mosquito-borne diseaseP Reiter
Dengue Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U S Department of Health and Human Services, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00920 3860
Environ Health Perspect 109:141-61. 2001..It is therefore inappropriate to use climate-based models to predict future prevalence...
- Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: overview and implications for policy makersAndy Haines
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 374:2104-14. 2009....
- Dynamic fragility of oceanic coral reef ecosystemsNicholas A J Graham
School of Marine Science and Technology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:8425-9. 2006..We suggest that isolated reef systems may be more susceptible to climate change, despite escaping many of the stressors impacting continental reefs...
- Health impact assessment of global climate change: expanding on comparative risk assessment approaches for policy makingJonathan Patz
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 29:27-39. 2008..Investigators must consider the full range of policy options, supported by more comprehensive, flexible, and transparent assessment methods...
- Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the AmazonYadvinder Malhi
Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
Science 319:169-72. 2008..We also discuss the implications of new proposals to finance preservation of Amazonian forests...
- Impact of a century of climate change on small-mammal communities in Yosemite National Park, USACraig Moritz
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Science 322:261-4. 2008..Elevational replacement among congeners changed because species' responses were idiosyncratic. Though some high-elevation species are threatened, protection of elevation gradients allows other species to respond via migration...
- Tick-borne encephalitis in Sweden and climate changeE Lindgren
Department of Systems Ecology, Natural Resources Management, Stockholm University, SE 10691, Stockholm, Sweden
Lancet 358:16-8. 2001..During the same period the climate has become milder and ticks have become more abundant. We investigated whether there is a link between the change in climate and the increase in incidence of TBE...
- Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefsT P Hughes
Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
Science 301:929-33. 2003..International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming...
- The global spread of malaria in a future, warmer worldD J Rogers
Trypanosomiasis and Land Use in Africa Research Group, Oxford Tick Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Science 289:1763-6. 2000..These results were applied to future climate scenarios to predict future distributions, which showed remarkably few changes, even under the most extreme scenarios...
- Hot topic or hot air? Climate change and malaria resurgence in East African highlandsSimon I Hay
Dept of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
Trends Parasitol 18:530-4. 2002..We find the widespread increase in resistance of the malaria parasite to drugs and the decrease in vector control activities to be more likely driving forces behind the malaria resurgence...
- Cities as harbingers of climate change: common ragweed, urbanization, and public healthLewis H Ziska
Alternate Crop and Systems Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
J Allergy Clin Immunol 111:290-5. 2003..Although controlled laboratory experiments have been conducted to demonstrate the sensitivity of allergenic pollen production to future climatic change (ie, increased CO(2) and temperature), no in situ data are available...
- Climate change threats to plant diversity in EuropeWilfried Thuiller
Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 5175, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8245-50. 2005..We found that risks of extinction for European plants may be large, even in moderate scenarios of climate change and despite inter-model variability...
- Greenhouse-gas emission targets for limiting global warming to 2 degrees CMalte Meinshausen
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Telegraphenberg, 14412 Potsdam, Germany
Nature 458:1158-62. 2009..Emissions levels in 2020 are a less robust indicator, but for the scenarios considered, the probability of exceeding 2 degrees C rises to 53-87% if global GHG emissions are still more than 25% above 2000 levels in 2020...
- Ensemble forecasting of species distributionsMiguel B Araujo
Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, C Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006, Madrid, Spain
Trends Ecol Evol 22:42-7. 2007....
- Climate change and the resurgence of malaria in the East African highlandsSimon I Hay
TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Nature 415:905-9. 2002..A high degree of temporal and spatial variation in the climate of East Africa suggests further that claimed associations between local malaria resurgences and regional changes in climate are overly simplistic...
- Urban sprawl and public healthHoward Frumkin
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Public Health Rep 117:201-17. 2002
- Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on CaliforniaKatharine Hayhoe
ATMOS Research and Consulting, 809 West Colfax Avenue, South Bend, IN 46601, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:12422-7. 2004..Although interscenario differences in climate impacts and costs of adaptation emerge mainly in the second half of the century, they are strongly dependent on emissions from preceding decades...
- Climate change and human healthPaul R Epstein
Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
N Engl J Med 353:1433-6. 2005
- Impacts of climate change on the fate and behaviour of pesticides in surface and groundwater--A UK perspectiveJ P Bloomfield
Maclean Building, British Geological Survey, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK
Sci Total Environ 369:163-77. 2006..The review focuses on climate change scenarios and case studies from the UK; however, the general conclusions can be applied more widely...
- An indoor mesocosm system to study the effect of climate change on the late winter and spring succession of Baltic Sea phyto- and zooplanktonUlrich Sommer
Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences, Kiel University, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105, Kiel, Germany
Oecologia 150:655-67. 2007....
- Molecular ecology of global changeThorsten B H Reusch
Plant Evolutionary Ecology, Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Munster, Hüfferstr 1, 48149 Munster, Germany
Mol Ecol 16:3973-92. 2007..Because adaptation to changing environment is always contingent upon the spatial distribution of genetic variation, high-resolution estimates of gene flow and hybridization should be used to inform predictions of evolutionary rates...
- Climate change effects on plague and tularemia in the United StatesYoshinori Nakazawa
Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7:529-40. 2007....
- Climate warming will reduce growth and survival of Scots pine except in the far northP B Reich
Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, 1530 Cleveland Avenue North, St Paul, MN 55108 1027, USA
Ecol Lett 11:588-97. 2008..Thus, even modest climate warming will likely influence Scots pine survival and growth, but in distinct ways in different parts of the species range...
- Moving urban trips from cars to bicycles: impact on health and emissionsGraeme Lindsay
School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Aust N Z J Public Health 35:54-60. 2011..To estimate the effects on health, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions if short trips (≤7 km) were undertaken by bicycle rather than motor car...
- Carbon debt of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) grasslands converted to bioenergy productionIlya Gelfand
Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, W K Kellogg Biological Station, Michigan State University, Hickory Corners, MI 49060, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:13864-9. 2011..Incentives for permanent no till and especially permission to harvest CRP biomass for cellulosic biofuel would help to blunt the climate impact of future CRP conversion...
- Health cobenefits and transportation-related reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the San Francisco Bay areaNeil Maizlish
California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
Am J Public Health 103:703-9. 2013..We quantified health benefits of transportation strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE)...
- Agricultural opportunities to mitigate greenhouse gas emissionsJane M F Johnson
USDA Agricultural Research Service, 803 Iowa Avenue, Morris, MN 56267, USA
Environ Pollut 150:107-24. 2007..Manipulating animal diet and manure management can reduce CH(4) and N(2)O emission from animal agriculture. All segments of agriculture have management options that can reduce agriculture's environmental footprint...
- Community-based adaptation to the health impacts of climate changeKristie L Ebi
ESS, LLC, 5249 Tancreti Lane, Alexandria VA 22304, USA
Am J Prev Med 35:501-7. 2008..In addition to grassroots actions undertaken at the community level, reducing vulnerability to current and projected climate change will require top-down interventions implemented by public health organizations and agencies...
- Ocean acidification causes bleaching and productivity loss in coral reef buildersK R N Anthony
Centre for Marine Studies, The University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072 Queensland, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:17442-6. 2008..Our findings suggest that sensitive reef-building species such as CCA may be pushed beyond their thresholds for growth and survival within the next few decades whereas corals will show delayed and mixed responses...
- Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goalsAlexander E Farrell
Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3050, USA
Science 311:506-8. 2006..Nonetheless, it is already clear that large-scale use of ethanol for fuel will almost certainly require cellulosic technology...
- Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales 1978-2003Pat H Bellamy
National Soil Resources Institute, Cranfield University, Silsoe MK45 4DT, UK
Nature 437:245-8. 2005..Our findings indicate that losses of soil carbon in England and Wales--and by inference in other temperate regions-are likely to have been offsetting absorption of carbon by terrestrial sinks...
- Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regionsT P Barnett
Climate Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
Nature 438:303-9. 2005....
- Global food security under climate changeJosef Schmidhuber
Global Perspective Studies Unit, Food and Agriculture Organization, 00100 Rome, Italy
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19703-8. 2007..Finally, strengths and weaknesses of current assessment studies are discussed, suggesting improvements and proposing avenues for new analyses...
- Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: low-carbon electricity generationAnil Markandya
University of Bath, Bath, UK
Lancet 374:2006-15. 2009..Our estimates are approximations but suggest clear health gains (co-benefits) through decarbonising electricity production, and provide additional information about the extent of such gains...
- A framework for debate of assisted migration in an era of climate changeJason S McLachlan
Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California Davis, California, CA 95616, USA
Conserv Biol 21:297-302. 2007
- Climate change and local public health in the United States: preparedness, programs and perceptions of local public health department directorsEdward W Maibach
Center for Climate Change Communication, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, United States of America
PLoS ONE 3:e2838. 2008....
- Avian migration phenology and global climate changePeter A Cotton
School of Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:12219-22. 2003..This finding demonstrates that migratory phenology is quite likely to be affected by global climate change and links events in tropical winter quarters with those in temperate breeding areas...
- Tropical forests and the changing earth systemSimon L Lewis
School of Geography, Earth and Biosphere Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 361:195-210. 2006..Given that continued land-use change alone is already thought to be causing the sixth mass extinction event in Earth's history, should such feedbacks occur, the resulting biodiversity and societal consequences would be even more severe...
- Interactions among Amazon land use, forests and climate: prospects for a near-term forest tipping pointDaniel C Nepstad
Woods Hole Research Center, 149 Woods Hole Road, Falmouth, MA 02540, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:1737-46. 2008..Protected areas have been established in the pathway of expanding agricultural frontiers. Finally, emerging carbon market incentives for reductions in deforestation could support these trends...
- The rising challenge of Lyme borreliosis in CanadaN H Ogden
Foodborne, Waterborne and Zoonotic Infections Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, St Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada
Can Commun Dis Rep 34:1-19. 2008
- Is a healthy diet an environmentally sustainable diet?Jennie I Macdiarmid
Public Health Nutrition Research Group, Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
Proc Nutr Soc 72:13-20. 2013..g. the overestimation of the protein requirements for a healthy diet), which could contribute to the barriers towards changing dietary intakes...
- Geology of mankindPaul J Crutzen
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, PO Box 3060, D 55020 Mainz, Germany
Nature 415:23. 2002
- Life-cycle assessment of net greenhouse-gas flux for bioenergy cropping systemsPaul R Adler
Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
Ecol Appl 17:675-91. 2007..Compared with the life cycle of gasoline and diesel, ethanol and biodiesel from corn rotations reduced GHG emissions by approximately 40%, reed canarygrass by approximately 85%, and switchgrass and hybrid poplar by approximately 115%...
- Climate change and health costs of air emissions from biofuels and gasolineJason Hill
Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:2077-82. 2009..These advantages are critically dependent on the source of land used to produce biomass for biofuels, on the magnitude of any indirect land use that may result, and on other as yet unmeasured environmental impacts of biofuels...
- Climate change risks and conservation implications for a threatened small-range mammal speciesNaia Morueta-Holme
Ecoinformatics and Biodiversity Group, Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
PLoS ONE 5:e10360. 2010..Species distribution modeling, if carefully implemented, can be used to assess climate sensitivity and potential climate change impacts, even for rare and cryptic species...
- Biotechnologies for greenhouse gases (CH₄, N₂O, and CO₂) abatement: state of the art and challengesJuan C Lopez
Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University of Valladolid, Dr Mergelina s n, 47011 Valladolid, Spain
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 97:2277-303. 2013..The potential and limitations of biological GHG degradation processes are critically discussed, and the current knowledge gaps and technology niches in the field are identified...
- Greenhouse gas fluxes in an eastern Corn Belt soil: weather, nitrogen source, and rotationGuillermo Hernandez-Ramirez
USDA ARS, National Soil Tilth Lab, Ames, IA 50011 3120, USA
J Environ Qual 38:841-54. 2009..These results suggest fall manure application, corn-soybean rotation, and restoration of prairies may diminish N(2)O emissions and hence contribute to global warming mitigation...
- Shifting suitability for malaria vectors across Africa with warming climatesA Townsend Peterson
Biodiversity Research Center, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
BMC Infect Dis 9:59. 2009..Malaria is of great concern as a cause of human mortality and morbidity, particularly across Africa, thanks in large part to the presence there of a particularly competent suite of mosquito vector species...
- Modelling the health impact of environmentally sustainable dietary scenarios in the UKP Scarborough
British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 66:710-5. 2012..The Committee on Climate Change have modelled the impact on GHG emissions of three dietary scenarios for food consumption in the UK. This paper models the impact of the three scenarios on mortality from cardiovascular disease and cancer...
- Potential effect of population and climate changes on global distribution of dengue fever: an empirical modelSimon Hales
Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, PO Box 7343, Mein Street, Wellington, New Zealand
Lancet 360:830-4. 2002..Our aim was to investigate the potential effects of global climate change on human health, and in particular, on the transmission of vector-borne diseases...
- China's growing CO2 emissions--a race between increasing consumption and efficiency gainsGlen P Peters
Industrial Ecology Programme, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO 7491 Trondheim, Norway
Environ Sci Technol 41:5939-44. 2007..As China continues to rapidly develop there is an opportunity to further implement and extend policies, such as the Circular Economy, that will help China avoid the high emissions path taken by today's developed countries...
- The importance of carbon footprint estimation boundariesH Scott Matthews
Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Environ Sci Technol 42:5839-42. 2008..Such information can help firms pursue carbon and environmental emission mitigation projects not only within their own plants but also across their supply chain...
- Impact of climate change on marine pelagic phenology and trophic mismatchMartin Edwards
Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
Nature 430:881-4. 2004....
- Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainability of ecosystem response to CO2Peter B Reich
Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
Nature 440:922-5. 2006....
- The potential impact of climate change on annual and seasonal mortality for three cities in Québec, CanadaBernard Doyon
DRBEO, Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, 945 ave, Wolfe, Quebec, G1V 5B3, Canada
Int J Health Geogr 7:23. 2008..The impact of climate change and particularly increasing temperature on mortality has been examined for three cities in the province of Québec, Canada...
- Sharing global CO2 emission reductions among one billion high emittersShoibal Chakravarty
Princeton Environmental Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:11884-8. 2009..S., China, and the non-OECD minus China. We also modify our methodology to place a floor on emissions of the world's lowest CO(2) emitters and demonstrate that climate mitigation and alleviation of extreme poverty are largely decoupled...
- Heat stress and mortality in Lisbon Part II. An assessment of the potential impacts of climate changeSuraje Dessai
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research and School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
Int J Biometeorol 48:37-44. 2003..Through a Bayesian analysis it is shown that, for the tested variables, future heat-related mortality is most sensitive to the choice of RCM and least to the method of calculating the excess deaths...
- Malaria resurgence in the East African highlands: temperature trends revisitedM Pascual
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:5829-34. 2006..Our results emphasize the importance of considering not just the statistical significance of climate trends but also their biological implications with dynamical models...
- Rapid advancement of spring in the High ArcticToke T Høye
Curr Biol 17:R449-51. 2007
- Use of U.S. croplands for biofuels increases greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use changeTimothy Searchinger
Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Science 319:1238-40. 2008..Biofuels from switchgrass, if grown on U.S. corn lands, increase emissions by 50%. This result raises concerns about large biofuel mandates and highlights the value of using waste products...
- Effects of rising temperatures and [CO2] on the physiology of tropical forest treesJon Lloyd
Earth and Biosphere Institute, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:1811-7. 2008....
- Physiological constraints on organismal response to global warming: Mechanistic insights from clinally varying populations and implications for assessing endangermentJoseph Bernardo
Department of Biology, College of Charleston, 66 George Street, Charleston, SC 29424, USA
Biol Lett 2:135-9. 2006..We propose that indices of warming-induced stress tolerance may provide a critical new tool for quantitative assessments of endangerment due to anthropogenic climate change across diverse species...
- Demographic models and IPCC climate projections predict the decline of an emperor penguin populationStephanie Jenouvrier
Department of Biology, MS 34, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1844-7. 2009..However, given the future projected increases in GHGs and its effect on Antarctic climate, evolution or migration seem unlikely for such long lived species at the remote southern end of the Earth...
- Coral reefs: corals' adaptive response to climate changeAndrew C Baker
Marine Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
Nature 430:741. 2004..This adaptive shift in symbiont communities indicates that these devastated reefs could be more resistant to future thermal stress, resulting in significantly longer extinction times for surviving corals than had been previously assumed...
- Climate. Blooms like it hotHans W Paerl
Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
Science 320:57-8. 2008
- Malaria risk and temperature: influences from global climate change and local land use practicesJonathan A Patz
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, The Nelson Institute and Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:5635-6. 2006
- Global warming and extinctions of endemic species from biodiversity hotspotsJay R Malcolm
Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3B3, Canada
Conserv Biol 20:538-48. 2006....
- Oceanography: Plankton in a warmer worldScott C Doney
Nature 444:695-6. 2006
- Climate change and the marine ecosystem of the western Antarctic PeninsulaAndrew Clarke
British Antarctic Survey, NERC, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:149-66. 2007..The complexity of the Southern Ocean food web and the nonlinear nature of many interactions mean that predictions based on short-term studies of a small number of species are likely to be misleading...
- Ensembles and probabilities: a new era in the prediction of climate changeMat Collins
Met Office, Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, UK
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 365:1957-70. 2007..This paper introduces some of the concepts and issues in these new approaches, which are discussed in more detail in the papers contained in this issue...
- Food, livestock production, energy, climate change, and healthAnthony J McMichael
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Lancet 370:1253-63. 2007..90 g per day is proposed as a working global target, shared more evenly, with not more than 50 g per day coming from red meat from ruminants (ie, cattle, sheep, goats, and other digastric grazers)...
- Global climate change and children's healthKatherine M Shea
Pediatrics 120:1149-52. 2007....
- Climate warming, marine protected areas and the ocean-scale integrity of coral reef ecosystemsNicholas A J Graham
School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 3:e3039. 2008....
- Plants reverse warming effect on ecosystem water balanceErika S Zavaleta
Department of Biological Sciences and Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9892-3. 2003..Our findings illustrate the potential for organism-environment interactions to modify the direction as well as the magnitude of global change effects on ecosystem functioning...
- The ecology of climate change and infectious diseasesKevin D Lafferty
Western Ecological Research Center, U S Geological Survey, Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
Ecology 90:888-900. 2009..Many factors can affect infectious disease, and some may overshadow the effects of climate...
- Global temperature changeJames Hansen
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Columbia University Earth Institute, and Sigma Space Partners, Inc, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:14288-93. 2006..We conclude that global warming of more than approximately 1 degrees C, relative to 2000, will constitute "dangerous" climate change as judged from likely effects on sea level and extermination of species...
- Drier summers cancel out the CO2 uptake enhancement induced by warmer springsA Angert
Berkeley Atmospheric Sciences Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 4767, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:10823-7. 2005....
- Energy, energy efficiency, and the built environmentPaul Wilkinson
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 370:1175-87. 2007....
- Global climate change and children's healthKatherine M Shea
Pediatrics 120:e1359-67. 2007..This technical report reviews the nature of the global problem and anticipated health effects on children and supports the recommendations in the accompanying policy statement on climate change and children's health...
- Interactions between rainfall, deforestation and fires during recent years in the Brazilian AmazoniaLuiz Eduardo O C Aragão
Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:1779-85. 2008....
- Road building, land use and climate change: prospects for environmental governance in the AmazonStephen Perz
Department of Sociology, University of Florida, PO Box 117330, Gainesville, FL 32611 7330, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:1889-95. 2008....
- Response of CH4 and N2O emissions and wheat yields to tillage method changes in the North China plainShenzhong Tian
State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong PR, China
PLoS ONE 7:e51206. 2012..5%, 27.8% and 60.3% respectively. Our findings indicate that RTS and HTS would be ideal rotation tillage systems to balance GWP decreases and grain yield improvements in the North China Plain region...
- The potential impacts of climate variability and change on temperature-related morbidity and mortality in the United StatesM A McGeehin
Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Environ Health Perspect 109:185-9. 2001..Research is needed to identify critical weather parameters, the associations between heat and nonfatal illnesses, the evaluation of implemented heat response plans, and the effectiveness of urban design in reducing heat retention...
- Evaluation of the potentialities to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions resulting from various treatments of municipal solid wastes (MSW) in moist tropical climates: application to YaoundeEmmanuel Ngnikam
Department of Civil Engineering, National Higher School of Engineering, Yaounde, Cameroon, PO Box 8390 Yaounde, Cameroon
Waste Manag Res 20:501-13. 2002..Following this, only the greenhouse effect was taken into account to evaluate the ecological consequences of the MSW management systems...
- Stability of the Larsen B ice shelf on the Antarctic Peninsula during the Holocene epochEugene Domack
Department of Geosciences, Hamilton College, Clinton, New York 13323, USA
Nature 436:681-5. 2005....
- Are heat and cold resistance of arctic species affected by successive extreme temperature events?F L Marchand
Research Group Plant and Vegetation Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken, Universiteitsplein 1, B 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
New Phytol 170:291-300. 2006..After the HWs, when plants were exposed to (low) ambient temperatures again, plant performance deteriorated further, indicating possible loss of cold resistance...
- Plenary Lecture 3: Food and the planet: nutritional dilemmas of greenhouse gas emission reductions through reduced intakes of meat and dairy foodsD Joe Millward
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
Proc Nutr Soc 69:103-18. 2010..These challenges can be met, however, by improved public health advice on alternative dietary sources and by increasing food fortification...
- Deforestation and climate feedbacks threaten the ecological integrity of south-southeastern AmazoniaMichael T Coe
The Woods Hole Research Center, 149 Woods Hole Road, Falmouth, MA 02540, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 368:20120155. 2013..Maintaining forest ecosystem integrity may require significant strengthening of forest conservation on private property, which can in part be accomplished by leveraging existing policy mechanisms...
- Climate impact on plankton ecosystems in the Northeast AtlanticAnthony J Richardson
Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK
Science 305:1609-12. 2004..Future warming is therefore likely to alter the spatial distribution of primary and secondary pelagic production, affecting ecosystem services and placing additional stress on already-depleted fish and mammal populations...
- Assessing alternatives for mitigating net greenhouse gas emissions and increasing yields from rice production in China over the next twenty yearsChangsheng Li
Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
J Environ Qual 35:1554-65. 2006..Water management strategies appear to be the most technically promising GHG mitigation alternatives, with shallow flooding providing additional benefits of both water conservation and increased yields...
- Impact of Climate-Responsive Design on Heat-Related Morbidity and Mortality in LaBrian Stone; Fiscal Year: 2011..reflectivity, to counteract warming trends brought about through continued urban development and the global greenhouse effect. As excessive temperatures are now responsible for more annual fatalities, on average, than any other form ..
- ECOLOGY AND CONTROL OF ARBOVIRUSESJames Hardy; Fiscal Year: 1990..Special attention will be given to the influence that the "greenhouse effect" may have on arbovirus transmission cycles...
- Inhibition of methanogenesisSTEPHEN RAGSDALE; Fiscal Year: 2001..global source of methane, inhibiting methanogenesis by ruminant animals has the potential of mitigating the greenhouse effect. Our plan is to synthesize and characterize inhibitors of the biosynthetic enzyme that arrest methanogenesis ..
- Inhibition of Methanogenesis in Ruminant AnimalsSTEPHEN RAGSDALE; Fiscal Year: 2003..global source of methane, inhibiting methanogenesis by ruminant animals has the potential of mitigating the greenhouse effect. Our plan is to synthesize and characterize inhibitors of the biosynthetic enzyme that arrest methanogenesis ..
- Chronic respiratory effects of early life PM exposureKirk Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Traffic-Related Particle Exposures Among NYC YouthsPatrick Kinney; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric OzoneMichelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2010..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
- Functional genomics of molluscan schistosome developmentTIMOTHY YOSHINO; Fiscal Year: 2009..Results of this work may lead to novel strategies for controlling infections within the snail host by disrupting specific larval development-dependent genes or their products. ..
- INHALED NITRIC OXIDEWarren Zapol; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Development of furanones for treatment of anthraxMartin Blaser; Fiscal Year: 2005..In initial studies, spores will be given subcutaneosly. Efficacy parameters will be defined as above. Successful trials can lead to phase I studies in humans, and treatment studies in non-human primates. ..
- VULNERABILITY OF THE FETUS/INFANT TO PAH, PM2.5 AND ETS.Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Evaluating Control of HIV Infection by Engineered VirusGisela Garcia Ramos; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- ISEA 2004 ConferenceJunfeng Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- CELL-SURFACE PROTEINS IN CAMPYLOBACTER FETUS VIRULENCEMartin Blaser; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, the data generated can be used to develop a mathematical model of antigenic variation that focuses on the relationship between microbial recombination generating diversity and host selection determining the direction of change. ..
- IMMUNE PEPTIDES IN AEDES AEGYPTITIMOTHY YOSHINO; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- BIOMARKERS OF GENETIC DAMAGE AND ANTIOXIDANTFrederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2001..Once validated in this model population, these biomarkers would also have applicability in evaluating interventions in occupational cohorts and other populations highly exposed to carcinogens. ..
- H PYLORI RECOMBINATION AND GASTRIC COLONIZATIONMartin Blaser; Fiscal Year: 2001..pylori infections. ..
- Moderators and Mediators of Therapy for Conduct DisorderALAN KAZDIN; Fiscal Year: 2006..Also, the design of the study permits evaluation of processes and causal models to help explain the processes of change. ..