loneliness

Summary

Summary: The state of feeling sad or dejected as a result of lack of companionship or being separated from others.

Top Publications

  1. Zawadzki M, Graham J, Gerin W. Rumination and anxiety mediate the effect of loneliness on depressed mood and sleep quality in college students. Health Psychol. 2013;32:212-22 pubmed publisher
    We examined the mechanisms that underlie the observed relationships between loneliness and depressed mood and poor sleep quality in college students...
  2. Ayalon L, Shiovitz Ezra S. The relationship between loneliness and passive death wishes in the second half of life. Int Psychogeriatr. 2011;23:1677-85 pubmed publisher
    Both passive death wishes and loneliness are prevalent in old age and both have been shown to be associated with a variety of detrimental effects...
  3. van Roekel E, Goossens L, Scholte R, Engels R, Verhagen M. The dopamine D2 receptor gene, perceived parental support, and adolescent loneliness: longitudinal evidence for gene-environment interactions. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011;52:1044-51 pubmed publisher
    b>Loneliness is a common problem in adolescence. Earlier research focused on genes within the serotonin and oxytocin systems, but no studies have examined the role of dopamine-related genes in loneliness...
  4. Tsai H, Tsai Y. Changes in depressive symptoms, social support, and loneliness over 1 year after a minimum 3-month videoconference program for older nursing home residents. J Med Internet Res. 2011;13:e93 pubmed publisher
    A 3-month videoconference interaction program with family members has been shown to decrease depression and loneliness in nursing home residents...
  5. Ramic E, Pranjic N, Batic Mujanovic O, Karic E, Alibasic E, Alic A. The effect of loneliness on malnutrition in elderly population. Med Arh. 2011;65:92-5 pubmed
    ..Due to various factors, older people are potentially vulnerable groups at risk of malnutrition. Loneliness, isolation from society and neglect of parents by children is a big problem to many people in old age...
  6. de Vlaming R, Haveman Nies A, van T Veer P, de Groot L. Evaluation design for a complex intervention program targeting loneliness in non-institutionalized elderly Dutch people. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:552 pubmed publisher
    ..of this paper is to provide the rationale for an evaluation design for a complex intervention program targeting loneliness among non-institutionalized elderly people in a Dutch community...
  7. Lasgaard M, Goossens L, Elklit A. Loneliness, depressive symptomatology, and suicide ideation in adolescence: cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2011;39:137-50 pubmed publisher
    The paper presents the first known longitudinal study of the relationship between loneliness, depressive symptoms, and suicide ideation in adolescence, in a stratified sample of high school students (Time 1 N?=?1009; 57 % female; Time 2 N?..
  8. Bonetti L, Campbell M, Gilmore L. The relationship of loneliness and social anxiety with children's and adolescents' online communication. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2010;13:279-85 pubmed
    ..and adolescents' psychosocial development; however, they can be difficult for those who experience feelings of loneliness and/or social anxiety...
  9. Conroy R, Golden J, Jeffares I, O Neill D, McGee H. Boredom-proneness, loneliness, social engagement and depression and their association with cognitive function in older people: a population study. Psychol Health Med. 2010;15:463-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Republic to examine the relationship of cognitive impairment, assessed using the Abbreviated Mental Test, with loneliness, boredom-proneness, social relations, and depression...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Netz Y, Goldsmith R, Shimony T, Arnon M, Zeev A. Loneliness is associated with an increased risk of sedentary life in older Israelis. Aging Ment Health. 2013;17:40-7 pubmed publisher
    Both loneliness and insufficient physical activity are common in old age...
  2. Savikko N, Routasalo P, Tilvis R, Pitkala K. Psychosocial group rehabilitation for lonely older people: favourable processes and mediating factors of the intervention leading to alleviated loneliness. Int J Older People Nurs. 2010;5:16-24 pubmed publisher
    b>Loneliness among community-dwelling older people is a common problem, with serious health consequences...
  3. Krause Parello C. Pet ownership and older women: the relationships among loneliness, pet attachment support, human social support, and depressed mood. Geriatr Nurs. 2012;33:194-203 pubmed publisher
    ..This cross sectional study investigated the relationships among loneliness, pet attachment support, human social support, and depressed mood in a convenience sample of 159 pet-owning ..
  4. Schinka K, van Dulmen M, Bossarte R, Swahn M. Association between loneliness and suicidality during middle childhood and adolescence: longitudinal effects and the role of demographic characteristics. J Psychol. 2012;146:105-18 pubmed
    The association between loneliness and suicidality has been documented in many studies, but these studies have been limited by cross-sectional designs and the use of adult-only populations...
  5. Segrin C, Domschke T. Social support, loneliness, recuperative processes, and their direct and indirect effects on health. Health Commun. 2011;26:221-32 pubmed publisher
    This study tested predictions that potentially explain why social support is associated with better health and loneliness is associated with poorer health...
  6. Schnittger R, Wherton J, Prendergast D, Lawlor B. Risk factors and mediating pathways of loneliness and social support in community-dwelling older adults. Aging Ment Health. 2012;16:335-46 pubmed publisher
    To develop biopsychosocial models of loneliness and social support thereby identifying their key risk factors in an Irish sample of community-dwelling older adults...
  7. Steptoe A, Shankar A, Demakakos P, Wardle J. Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:5797-801 pubmed publisher
    Both social isolation and loneliness are associated with increased mortality, but it is uncertain whether their effects are independent or whether loneliness represents the emotional pathway through which social isolation impairs health...
  8. Coyle C, Dugan E. Social isolation, loneliness and health among older adults. J Aging Health. 2012;24:1346-63 pubmed publisher
    To examine the relationship of social isolation, loneliness and health outcomes among older adults...
  9. Schinka K, van Dulmen M, Mata A, Bossarte R, Swahn M. Psychosocial predictors and outcomes of loneliness trajectories from childhood to early adolescence. J Adolesc. 2013;36:1251-60 pubmed publisher
    Using latent class growth analysis, we were interested in investigating how experiences of loneliness emerge in distinct developmental patterns over the course of middle childhood and adolescence (NICHD Study of Early Child Care, N = 832)...
  10. Perissinotto C, Stijacic Cenzer I, Covinsky K. Loneliness in older persons: a predictor of functional decline and death. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172:1078-83 pubmed publisher
    b>Loneliness is a common source of distress, suffering, and impaired quality of life in older persons. We examined the relationship between loneliness, functional decline, and death in adults older than 60 years in the United States...
  11. Bekhet A, Zauszniewski J. Mental health of elders in retirement communities: is loneliness a key factor?. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2012;26:214-24 pubmed publisher
    b>Loneliness is often manifested by intense feelings of emptiness and abandonment and can lead to depression and suicide. The prevalence of loneliness in older adults is estimated to be 40%...
  12. Schoenmakers E, van Tilburg T, Fokkema T. Coping with loneliness: what do older adults suggest?. Aging Ment Health. 2012;16:353-60 pubmed publisher
    A limited amount of information is available on how older adults cope with loneliness. Two ways of coping are distinguished here, i.e...
  13. Koc Z. Determination of older people's level of loneliness. J Clin Nurs. 2012;21:3037-46 pubmed publisher
    To determine levels of loneliness of individuals aged 60 and above. Loneliness stands out as a social problem observed amongst old individuals living in both urban and rural areas. Descriptive study...
  14. Segrin C, Passalacqua S. Functions of loneliness, social support, health behaviors, and stress in association with poor health. Health Commun. 2010;25:312-22 pubmed publisher
    Prior research has established clear links between social support, loneliness, and various health outcomes. This study was designed to test several theoretically derived explanations for such associations...
  15. Tsai H, Tsai Y, Wang H, Chang Y, Chu H. Videoconference program enhances social support, loneliness, and depressive status of elderly nursing home residents. Aging Ment Health. 2010;14:947-54 pubmed publisher
    ..the effectiveness of a videoconference intervention program in improving nursing home residents' social support, loneliness, and depressive status. Fourteen nursing homes were selected from various areas of Taiwan by purposive sampling...
  16. Whisman M. Loneliness and the metabolic syndrome in a population-based sample of middle-aged and older adults. Health Psychol. 2010;29:550-4 pubmed publisher
    This study evaluated the association between loneliness and the metabolic syndrome, which refers to a clustering of factors that have been shown to increase risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, and mortality...
  17. Hawkley L, Cacioppo J. Loneliness matters: a theoretical and empirical review of consequences and mechanisms. Ann Behav Med. 2010;40:218-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Perceptions of social isolation, or loneliness, increase vigilance for threat and heighten feelings of vulnerability while also raising the desire to reconnect...
  18. Victor C, Yang K. The prevalence of loneliness among adults: a case study of the United Kingdom. J Psychol. 2012;146:85-104 pubmed
    Within contemporary Western (post) modern societies, loneliness is seen as a problem that is particularly associated with old age. Much less attention has been given to examining variations in loneliness across age groups...
  19. Weeks M, Asher S. Loneliness in childhood: toward the next generation of assessment and research. Adv Child Dev Behav. 2012;42:1-39 pubmed
    b>Loneliness is a sad, even painful emotional experience that is thought to result from deficiencies in the quantity or quality of one's social relationships...
  20. Lan W, Yang A, Hwang J, Hong C, Liou Y, Yeh H, et al. Association of MTHFR C677T polymorphism with loneliness but not depression in cognitively normal elderly males. Neurosci Lett. 2012;521:88-91 pubmed publisher
    ..The present work aimed to investigate the effect of MTHFR C677T polymorphism on the presence of depression and loneliness in cognitively normal male subjects...
  21. Ayalon L, Shiovitz Ezra S, Palgi Y. Associations of loneliness in older married men and women. Aging Ment Health. 2013;17:33-9 pubmed publisher
    We evaluated the associations between loneliness and subjective appraisals of marital relationship as well as reciprocal associations of loneliness in married men and women...
  22. Creswell J, Irwin M, Burklund L, Lieberman M, Arevalo J, Ma J, et al. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction training reduces loneliness and pro-inflammatory gene expression in older adults: a small randomized controlled trial. Brain Behav Immun. 2012;26:1095-101 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous behavioral treatments have attempted to reduce loneliness and its concomitant health risks, but have had limited success...
  23. Hauge S, Kirkevold M. Variations in older persons' descriptions of the burden of loneliness. Scand J Caring Sci. 2012;26:553-60 pubmed publisher
    Research indicates that approximately one-third of older people over the age of 65 years report loneliness, with even higher rates among those aged over 85...
  24. Moyle W, Kellett U, Ballantyne A, Gracia N. Dementia and loneliness: an Australian perspective. J Clin Nurs. 2011;20:1445-53 pubmed publisher
    To explore the perceptions of loneliness according to people with early-stage dementia, living in community and long-term care and also the views of their family carers...
  25. Jones A, Schinka K, van Dulmen M, Bossarte R, Swahn M. Changes in loneliness during middle childhood predict risk for adolescent suicidality indirectly through mental health problems. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2011;40:818-24 pubmed publisher
    We investigated whether changes in loneliness during middle childhood as well as from middle childhood into adolescence were associated with adolescent self-harm behaviors and suicidal thoughts using a community sample of 889 participants...
  26. Jaremka L, Fagundes C, Glaser R, Bennett J, Malarkey W, Kiecolt Glaser J. Loneliness predicts pain, depression, and fatigue: understanding the role of immune dysregulation. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013;38:1310-7 pubmed publisher
    The pain, depression, and fatigue symptom cluster is an important health concern. Loneliness is a common risk factor for these symptoms...
  27. Asnani M, Fraser R, Lewis N, Reid M. Depression and loneliness in Jamaicans with sickle cell disease. BMC Psychiatry. 2010;10:40 pubmed publisher
    ..It is well known that depression and loneliness may exist in those with chronic diseases, but the coexistence of depression and loneliness in people with sickle ..
  28. Creemers D, Scholte R, Engels R, Prinstein M, Wiers R. Implicit and explicit self-esteem as concurrent predictors of suicidal ideation, depressive symptoms, and loneliness. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2012;43:638-46 pubmed publisher
    ..these two constructs, and their discrepancy are associated with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. Participants were 95 young female adults (M = 21.2 years, SD = 1.88) enrolled in higher education...
  29. Nummela O, Seppänen M, Uutela A. The effect of loneliness and change in loneliness on self-rated health (SRH): a longitudinal study among aging people. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2011;53:163-7 pubmed publisher
    The association between adverse health and loneliness among aging people is known, but most of the studies are cross-sectional...
  30. Victor C, Bowling A. A longitudinal analysis of loneliness among older people in Great Britain. J Psychol. 2012;146:313-31 pubmed
    Longitudinal studies of loneliness among older people are comparatively rare. At 8 years after the initial survey in 1999-2000, we followed up on the 999 people aged 65+ years who were living in the community in the United Kingdom...
  31. Aylaz R, Aktürk U, Erci B, Oztürk H, Aslan H. Relationship between depression and loneliness in elderly and examination of influential factors. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2012;55:548-54 pubmed publisher
    This study was planned and conducted for the purpose of examining the relationship between depression and loneliness in elderly people and the influencing factors...
  32. Momtaz Y, Hamid T, Yusoff S, Ibrahim R, Chai S, Yahaya N, et al. Loneliness as a risk factor for hypertension in later life. J Aging Health. 2012;24:696-710 pubmed publisher
    The present study aims to determine the impact of loneliness on hypertension in later life...
  33. Holwerda T, Deeg D, Beekman A, van Tilburg T, Stek M, Jonker C, et al. Feelings of loneliness, but not social isolation, predict dementia onset: results from the Amsterdam Study of the Elderly (AMSTEL). J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2014;85:135-42 pubmed publisher
    ..The role of feelings of loneliness and social isolation in dementia is less well understood, and prospective studies including these risk factors ..
  34. Rotenberg K, Addis N, Betts L, Corrigan A, Fox C, Hobson Z, et al. The relation between trust beliefs and loneliness during early childhood, middle childhood, and adulthood. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2010;36:1086-100 pubmed publisher
    Four studies examined the relation between trust and loneliness. Studies 1, 2, and 3 showed that trust beliefs negatively predicted changes in loneliness during early childhood (5-7 years), middle childhood (9-11 years), and young ..
  35. Wang G, Zhang X, Wang K, Li Y, Shen Q, Ge X, et al. Loneliness among the rural older people in Anhui, China: prevalence and associated factors. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2011;26:1162-8 pubmed publisher
    To clarify the prevalence of loneliness and evaluate the impact of social support, family function and socio-demographic factors on loneliness and their correlation among the rural older people in Anhui, China...
  36. LoboPrabhu S, Molinari V. Severe loneliness in community-dwelling aging adults with mental illness. J Psychiatr Pract. 2012;18:20-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors discuss the role of attachment in the individual's subjective experience of loneliness and suggest how attachment theory can be used to guide interventions to improve the individual's self-esteem, ..
  37. Kanai R, Bahrami B, Duchaine B, Janik A, Banissy M, Rees G. Brain structure links loneliness to social perception. Curr Biol. 2012;22:1975-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Loneliness is the distressing feeling associated with the perceived absence of satisfying social relationships. Loneliness is increasingly prevalent in modern societies and has detrimental effects on health and happiness...
  38. Most T, Ingber S, Heled Ariam E. Social competence, sense of loneliness, and speech intelligibility of young children with hearing loss in individual inclusion and group inclusion. J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ. 2012;17:259-72 pubmed publisher
    The study focused on social competence (SC) and perceived sense of loneliness of preschool children with hearing loss (HL) in group inclusion (GI, a small group of children with HL is integrated in a standard classroom) and individual ..
  39. Buchman A, Boyle P, Wilson R, James B, Leurgans S, Arnold S, et al. Loneliness and the rate of motor decline in old age: the Rush Memory and Aging Project, a community-based cohort study. BMC Geriatr. 2010;10:77 pubmed publisher
    ..At baseline, loneliness was assessed with a 5-item scale in 985 persons without dementia participating in the Rush Memory and Aging ..
  40. Cacioppo J, Hawkley L, Thisted R. Perceived social isolation makes me sad: 5-year cross-lagged analyses of loneliness and depressive symptomatology in the Chicago Health, Aging, and Social Relations Study. Psychol Aging. 2010;25:453-63 pubmed publisher
    We present evidence from a 5-year longitudinal study for the prospective associations between loneliness and depressive symptoms in a population-based, ethnically diverse sample of 229 men and women who were 50-68 years old at study onset...
  41. Adam E, Chyu L, Hoyt L, Doane L, Boisjoly J, Duncan G, et al. Adverse adolescent relationship histories and young adult health: cumulative effects of loneliness, low parental support, relationship instability, intimate partner violence, and loss. J Adolesc Health. 2011;49:278-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, multiple adverse relationship experiences were examined, including high loneliness, low perceived parental support, frequent transitions in romantic relationships (relationship instability), ..
  42. Levine M. Loneliness and eating disorders. J Psychol. 2012;146:243-57 pubmed
    This article examines the link between loneliness and eating disorders...
  43. Shankar A, McMunn A, Banks J, Steptoe A. Loneliness, social isolation, and behavioral and biological health indicators in older adults. Health Psychol. 2011;30:377-85 pubmed publisher
    A number of mechanisms have been proposed through which social isolation and loneliness may affect health, including health-related behavioral and biological factors...
  44. O Luanaigh C, O Connell H, Chin A, Hamilton F, Coen R, Walsh C, et al. Loneliness and cognition in older people: the Dublin Healthy Ageing study. Aging Ment Health. 2012;16:347-52 pubmed publisher
    ..a link between impaired cognition and social isolation, few have examined the relationship between cognition and loneliness. Loneliness has been thought to increase the risk of development of Alzheimer's dementia...
  45. Dong X, Chang E, Wong E, Simon M. Perception and negative effect of loneliness in a Chicago Chinese population of older adults. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2012;54:151-9 pubmed publisher
    This qualitative study aims to investigate the cultural understandings of loneliness, identify the contexts of loneliness, and to examine its effect on the health and well-being of U.S. Chinese older adults...
  46. Mar R, Mason M, Litvack A. How daydreaming relates to life satisfaction, loneliness, and social support: the importance of gender and daydream content. Conscious Cogn. 2012;21:401-7 pubmed publisher
    ..we daydream about influences the relation between daydreaming and happiness variables like life satisfaction, loneliness, and perceived social support (Study 3; N=361)...
  47. Tsai S, Yeh H, Hong C, Liou Y, Yang A, Liu M, et al. Association of CHRNA4 polymorphism with depression and loneliness in elderly males. Genes Brain Behav. 2012;11:230-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Study findings identified a significant link between the CHRNA4:rs1044396 polymorphism and depression and loneliness in the aged...
  48. Iecovich E, Jacobs J, Stessman J. Loneliness, social networks, and mortality: 18 years of follow-up. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2011;72:243-63 pubmed
    We examined the influence of changes in loneliness and social support networks upon mortality during 18 years of follow-up among an elderly cohort and determined the gender-specific nature of this relationship...
  49. Luo Y, Hawkley L, Waite L, Cacioppo J. Loneliness, health, and mortality in old age: a national longitudinal study. Soc Sci Med. 2012;74:907-14 pubmed publisher
    This study examined the relationship between loneliness, health, and mortality using a U.S. nationally representative sample of 2101 adults aged 50 years and over from the 2002 to 2008 waves of the Health and Retirement Study...
  50. Norman G, Cacioppo J, Morris J, Malarkey W, Berntson G, Devries A. Oxytocin increases autonomic cardiac control: moderation by loneliness. Biol Psychol. 2011;86:174-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the effects of oxytocin on cardiac autonomic control were significantly associated with loneliness ratings...
  51. Kool M, Geenen R. Loneliness in patients with rheumatic diseases: the significance of invalidation and lack of social support. J Psychol. 2012;146:229-41 pubmed
    ..b>Loneliness is prevalent in individuals with rheumatic diseases...
  52. Fokkema T, de Jong Gierveld J, Dykstra P. Cross-national differences in older adult loneliness. J Psychol. 2012;146:201-28 pubmed
    b>Loneliness concerns the subjective evaluation that the number of relationships is smaller than the individual considers desirable or that the intimacy that the individual wishes for has not been realized...
  53. Theeke L, Goins R, Moore J, Campbell H. Loneliness, depression, social support, and quality of life in older chronically ill Appalachians. J Psychol. 2012;146:155-71 pubmed
    This study's purpose was to describe loneliness and to examine the relationships between loneliness, depression, social support, and QOL in chronically ill, older Appalachians...