Summary: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.
- Casey G. Comprehensive soldier fitness: a vision for psychological resilience in the U.S. Army. Am Psychol. 2011;66:1-3 pubmed publisher..CSF is not a medical treatment program. Rather, CSF helps those community members who are psychologically healthy face life's adversities-including combat and prolonged separation from loved ones-by providing evidence-based training. ..
- FitzGibbon G. War injuries of the face and jaws. Bristol Med Chir J (1883). 1947;64:61-7 pubmed
- Matos I. Surgery in Vukovar war. Croat Med J. 2011;52:218-20 pubmed
- Imaizumi M, Ohishi W, Nakashima E, Sera N, Neriishi K, Yamada M, et al. Thyroid Dysfunction and Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases Among Atomic Bomb Survivors Exposed in Childhood. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017;102:2516-2524 pubmed publisher..The cross-sectional design and survival bias were limitations of this study. ..
- Cirillo V. Fever and reform: the typhoid epidemic in the Spanish-American War. J Hist Med Allied Sci. 2000;55:363-97 pubmed
- Bremner J, Southwick S, Darnell A, Charney D. Chronic PTSD in Vietnam combat veterans: course of illness and substance abuse. Am J Psychiatry. 1996;153:369-75 pubmed
- Barber J, Cohen B, Rockswold P. Global health diplomacy: a call to action. Mil Med. 2011;176:481-3 pubmed
- Kennedy J, Michailidou D. Civil war, contested sovereignty and the limits of global health partnerships: A case study of the Syrian polio outbreak in 2013. Health Policy Plan. 2017;32:690-698 pubmed publisher..Global health partnerships would be more effective in conflict-affected areas if they put in place proactive and institutionalized plans to implement their programmes in regions outside government control. ..
- Antonov A. Children born during the siege of Leningrad in 1942. J Pediatr. 1947;30:250-9 pubmed
- Cooper M, Street N. High altitude hypoxia, a mask and a Street. Donation of an aviation BLB oxygen mask apparatus from World War 2. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2017;45:45-48 pubmed..Dr Street was a pioneering paediatric surgeon in Australia and served as a doctor in the Middle East and New Guinea in World War 2. He received the Military Cross. ..
- Sweat M, Denison J. Reducing HIV incidence in developing countries with structural and environmental interventions. AIDS. 1995;9 Suppl A:S251-7 pubmed
- Couto T, Farhat S, Reid T, Schvartsman C. Mortality in a pediatric secondary-care hospital in post-conflict Liberia in 2009. Einstein (Sao Paulo). 2013;11:413-20 pubmed..The mortality of sepsis varied among different infections. This suggests that further mortality reduction can be obtained by tackling sepsis management and improving neonatal care. ..
- Hyams K, Bourgeois A, Merrell B, Rozmajzl P, Escamilla J, Thornton S, et al. Diarrheal disease during Operation Desert Shield. N Engl J Med. 1991;325:1423-8 pubmed..Gastroenteritis caused by enterotoxigenic E. coli and shigella resistant to a number of drugs was a major problem that frequently interfered with the duties of U.S. troops during Operation Desert Shield. ..
- Cumberland S. Banning cluster munitions. Bull World Health Organ. 2009;87:8-9 pubmed
- . Sri Lankans vigilant after bidding farewell to malaria. Bull World Health Organ. 2017;95:170-171 pubmed publisher..Sri Lanka was certified malaria free last year. The challenge now is to maintain that status. Sophie Cousins reports. ..
- Schnurr P, Spiro A. Combat exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, and health behaviors as predictors of self-reported physical health in older veterans. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1999;187:353-9 pubmed..We conclude that PTSD is an important predictor of physical health and encourage further investigation of health behaviors and other possible mediators of this relationship. ..
- Kragh J, Dubick M, Aden J, McKeague A, Rasmussen T, Baer D, et al. U.s. Military experience with junctional wounds in war from 2001 to 2010. J Spec Oper Med. 2013;13:76-84 pubmed..Opportunities for improvement which we identified included further research on the future addition of junctional codes (such as neck diagnoses) in order to align research methods to clinical care. ..
- Cetorelli V, Sasson I, Shabila N, Burnham G. Mortality and kidnapping estimates for the Yazidi population in the area of Mount Sinjar, Iraq, in August 2014: A retrospective household survey. PLoS Med. 2017;14:e1002297 pubmed publisher..Consistent with other existing evidence, our data provide a clear indication of the severity of the ISIS attack against the Yazidis in terms of both the number and demographic profile of those targeted. ..
- Coutts A, Fouad F, Batniji R. Assessing the Syrian health crisis: the case of Lebanon. Lancet. 2013;381:e9 pubmed
- Iverson K, Vogt D, Maskin R, Smith B. Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Associated Implications for Health and Functioning Among Male and Female Post-9/11 Veterans. Med Care. 2017;55 Suppl 9 Suppl 2:S78-S84 pubmed publisher..Recent IPV victimization, especially psychological aggression, is a key health issue for partnered male and female post-9/11 Veterans. Practice and research implications are discussed. ..
- Munjiza J, Britvić D, Radman M, Crawford M. Severe war-related trauma and personality pathology: a case-control study. BMC Psychiatry. 2017;17:100 pubmed publisher..Further research needs to be done to increase our understanding about the relationship between severe war trauma and personality related problems. ..
- Farhood L, Zurayk H, Chaya M, Saadeh F, Meshefedjian G, Sidani T. The impact of war on the physical and mental health of the family: the Lebanese experience. Soc Sci Med. 1993;36:1555-67 pubmed..The role of the mediating factors of social support and social class is also discussed. ..
- Boothby N, Crawford J, Halperin J. Mozambique child soldier life outcome study: lessons learned in rehabilitation and reintegration efforts. Glob Public Health. 2006;1:87-107 pubmed publisher..Activities that supported long term reintegration and self-sufficiency included community acceptance and forgiveness, traditional cleansing and healing rituals, livelihoods and apprenticeships. ..
- Bruneau E, Kteily N. The enemy as animal: Symmetric dehumanization during asymmetric warfare. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181422 pubmed publisher..groups similarly dehumanize those who dominate them? We examined this question in the context of intergroup warfare in which the disadvantaged group shoulders a disproportionate share of casualties and may be especially likely to ..
- Summerfield D. The invention of post-traumatic stress disorder and the social usefulness of a psychiatric category. BMJ. 2001;322:95-98 pubmed
- McCormack J, Chmelicek J. Generic versus brand name: the other drug war. Can Fam Physician. 2014;60:911 pubmed
- Tansey C, Raina P, Wolfson C. Veterans' physical health. Epidemiol Rev. 2013;35:66-74 pubmed publisher..The differing effects of combat on female veterans are also summarized. The healthy warrior effect is discussed along with its impact on research findings and the importance of choosing an appropriate control group. ..
- van Berlaer G, Elsafti A, Al Safadi M, Souhil Saeed S, Buyl R, Debacker M, et al. Diagnoses, infections and injuries in Northern Syrian children during the civil war: A cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182770 pubmed publisher..Substandard living conditions and the lack of paediatric healthcare put Syrian children at risk for serious infections, epidemics and morbidity, and ask for urgent international humanitarian relief efforts. ..
- Somasundaram D, Sivayokan S. War trauma in a civilian population. Br J Psychiatry. 1994;165:524-7 pubmed..The trauma experienced correlated strongly with psychosocial and somatic symptoms. ..
- ..The power of modern human genetic and genomic techniques now gives a greater potential for abuse as well as for beneficial use than has ever been seen in the past. ..