violence

Summary

Summary: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.

Top Publications

  1. Humphreys D, Eisner M. Do flexible alcohol trading hours reduce violence? A theory-based natural experiment in alcohol policy. Soc Sci Med. 2014;102:1-9 pubmed publisher
    Alcohol-related violence is a pressing public health concern...
  2. Chiu Y, Coull B, Sternthal M, Kloog I, Schwartz J, Cohen S, et al. Effects of prenatal community violence and ambient air pollution on childhood wheeze in an urban population. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014;133:713-22.e4 pubmed publisher
    ..We sought to concurrently examine the effects of prenatal community-level psychosocial (exposure to community violence [ECV]) and physical (air pollution) stressors on repeated wheeze in 708 urban children followed to age 2 years...
  3. MacGregor J, Kothari A, Lemoine K, Labelle J. Linking research to action for youth violence prevention: Community capacity to acquire, assess, adapt and apply research evidence. Can J Public Health. 2013;104:e394-9 pubmed
    ..to examine CBOs' perceptions of: 1) the frequency of using research and other forms of evidence related to youth violence prevention, and 2) their capacity to acquire, assess, adapt and apply research evidence...
  4. Burgason K, Thomas S, Berthelot E. The nature of violence: a multilevel analysis of gun use and victim injury in violent interpersonal encounters. J Interpers Violence. 2014;29:371-93 pubmed publisher
    ..yet considerably less attention has been directed toward exploring patterns in the nature or quality of violence within and across communities...
  5. Deering K, Amin A, Shoveller J, Nesbitt A, Garcia Moreno C, Duff P, et al. A systematic review of the correlates of violence against sex workers. Am J Public Health. 2014;104:e42-54 pubmed publisher
    ..review in June 2012 (updated September 2013) to examine the prevalence and factors shaping sexual or physical violence against sex workers globally. We identified 1536 (update?=?340) unique articles...
  6. Elson M, Ferguson C. Gun violence and media effects: challenges for science and public policy. Br J Psychiatry. 2013;203:322-4 pubmed publisher
    In response to the Sandy Hook shooting in December 2012, the White House published an action plan to reduce gun violence that, among other things, calls for research into the relationship with violence in digital games or other media ..
  7. Kelly J, Kabanga J, Cragin W, Alcayna Stevens L, Haider S, VanRooyen M. 'If your husband doesn't humiliate you, other people won't': gendered attitudes towards sexual violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Glob Public Health. 2012;7:285-98 pubmed publisher
    ..Republic of the Congo (DRC) has resulted in extensive human rights abuses, of which sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is one of the most salient and disturbing features...
  8. Singh J. Predictive validity performance indicators in violence risk assessment: a methodological primer. Behav Sci Law. 2013;31:8-22 pubmed publisher
    The predictive validity of violence risk assessments can be divided into two components: calibration and discrimination...
  9. Downey L, Zun L, Burke T, Jefferson T. Does gun accessibility lead to violence-related injury?. South Med J. 2013;106:161-72 pubmed publisher
    ..of violent gun-related injuries seen in emergency department (EDs), the ED has become involved in prevention violence intervention...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Laanpere M, Ringmets I, Part K, Karro H. Intimate partner violence and sexual health outcomes: a population-based study among 16-44-year-old women in Estonia. Eur J Public Health. 2013;23:688-93 pubmed publisher
    b>Violence against women as a public issue and health burden has only recently been acknowledged in Estonia...
  2. Bonomi A, Anderson M, Németh J, Bartle Haring S, BUETTNER C, Schipper D. Dating violence victimization across the teen years: abuse frequency, number of abusive partners, and age at first occurrence. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:637 pubmed publisher
    Prior longitudinal studies have shown high cumulative dating violence exposure rates among U.S adolescents, with 36 percent of males and 44 percent to 88 percent of females experiencing victimization across adolescence/young adulthood...
  3. Shalev I, Moffitt T, Sugden K, Williams B, Houts R, Danese A, et al. Exposure to violence during childhood is associated with telomere erosion from 5 to 10 years of age: a longitudinal study. Mol Psychiatry. 2013;18:576-81 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined telomere erosion in relation to children's exposure to violence, a salient early-life stressor, which has known long-term consequences for well-being and is a major public-..
  4. Uthman O, Moradi T, Lawoko S. Are individual and community acceptance and witnessing of intimate partner violence related to its occurrence? Multilevel structural equation model. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e27738 pubmed publisher
    Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a serious and widespread problem worldwide. Much of the research on IPVAW focused on individual-level factors and attention has been paid to the contextual factors...
  5. Aytac S, Bozkurt V, Bayram N, Yildiz S, Aytac M, Akinci F, et al. Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2011;17:385-402 pubmed
    This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being...
  6. Mirza N, Amjad A, Bhatti A, Tuz Zahra Mirza F, Shaikh K, Kiani J, et al. Violence and abuse faced by junior physicians in the emergency department from patients and their caretakers: a nationwide study from Pakistan. J Emerg Med. 2012;42:727-33 pubmed publisher
    Across the globe, physicians in the emergency department (ED) are subject to violence by patients and visitors. This has been shown to have negative effects on patient care and physician performance...
  7. Scholte W, Verduin F, Kamperman A, Rutayisire T, Zwinderman A, Stronks K. The effect on mental health of a large scale psychosocial intervention for survivors of mass violence: a quasi-experimental study in Rwanda. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e21819 pubmed publisher
    ..intervention primarily aimed at social bonding caused a lasting improvement of mental health in survivors of mass violence in Rwanda. This approach may have a similar positive effect in other post-conflict settings...
  8. Alameddine M, Kazzi A, El Jardali F, Dimassi H, Maalouf S. Occupational violence at Lebanese emergency departments: prevalence, characteristics and associated factors. J Occup Health. 2011;53:455-64 pubmed
    Emergency departments (EDs) workers are at increased risk of exposure to occupational violence. The prevalence of occupational violence is potentially higher and consequences are more serious in areas with poor security conditions...
  9. Schlack R, Ravens Sieberer U, Petermann F. Psychological problems, protective factors and health-related quality of life in youth affected by violence: the burden of the multiply victimised. J Adolesc. 2013;36:587-601 pubmed publisher
    ..quality of life (HRQOL) in a nationally representative sample of adolescents (n=6813) aged 11-17 involved in violence with varying frequency...
  10. Kowalenko T, Gates D, Gillespie G, Succop P, Mentzel T. Prospective study of violence against ED workers. Am J Emerg Med. 2013;31:197-205 pubmed publisher
    ..Emergency departments (EDs) are at greatest risk of such events. The objective was to describe the incidence of violence in ED health care workers (HCWs) over 9 months...
  11. Roman C, Reid S. Assessing the relationship between alcohol outlets and domestic violence: routine activities and the neighborhood environment. Violence Vict. 2012;27:811-28 pubmed
    ..and assault, but only a handful of studies have examined whether outlet density has an influence on domestic violence. Using a framework based in crime opportunity theories, this study estimates spatial econometric regression ..
  12. Dartnall E, Jewkes R. Sexual violence against women: the scope of the problem. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2013;27:3-13 pubmed publisher
    Rape and sexual violence occur in all societies, and cut across all social classes...
  13. Miszkurka M, Zunzunegui M, Goulet L. Immigrant status, antenatal depressive symptoms, and frequency and source of violence: what's the relationship?. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2012;15:387-96 pubmed publisher
    This study describes the prevalence of violence during pregnancy and examines the association between the experience of violence since the beginning of pregnancy and the prevalence of antenatal depressive symptoms while taking into ..
  14. Henry D, Tolan P, Gorman Smith D, Schoeny M. Risk and direct protective factors for youth violence: results from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Multisite Violence Prevention Project. Am J Prev Med. 2012;43:S67-75 pubmed publisher
    This study was conducted as part of a multisite effort to examine risk and direct protective factors for youth violence. The goal was to identify those factors in the lives of young people that increase or decrease the risk of violence...
  15. Lang D, Salazar L, Diclemente R, Markosyan K. Gender based violence as a risk factor for HIV-associated risk behaviors among female sex workers in Armenia. AIDS Behav. 2013;17:551-8 pubmed publisher
    This cross-sectional study identified the prevalence of gender based violence (GBV) and examined its association with sexual risk behavior among female sex workers (FSWs). Among 120 participants between ages 20 and 52, a total of 56...
  16. Magin P, Joyce T, Adams J, Goode S, Cotter G. Receptionists' experiences of occupational violence in general practice: a qualitative study. Br J Gen Pract. 2009;59:578-83 pubmed publisher
    The significance of occupational violence in general practice is well established, but research has focused almost exclusively on the experiences of GPs...
  17. Witt K, Van Dorn R, Fazel S. Risk factors for violence in psychosis: systematic review and meta-regression analysis of 110 studies. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55942 pubmed publisher
    Previous reviews on risk and protective factors for violence in psychosis have produced contrasting findings...
  18. Walker J, Bowes N. The evaluation of violent thinking in adult offenders and non-offenders using the Maudsley Violence Questionnaire. Crim Behav Ment Health. 2013;23:113-23 pubmed publisher
    The Maudsley Violence Questionnaire (MVQ) was designed to measure explicit rules and beliefs associated with violence...
  19. Teicher M, VITALIANO G. Witnessing violence toward siblings: an understudied but potent form of early adversity. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28852 pubmed publisher
    Research on the consequences of witnessing domestic violence has focused on inter-adult violence and most specifically on violence toward mothers...
  20. Coid J, Ullrich S, Kallis C. Predicting future violence among individuals with psychopathy. Br J Psychiatry. 2013;203:387-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Moderate to good predictive accuracy for future violence was achieved for released prisoners with no mental disorder, low to moderate for clinical syndromes and ..
  21. Gurnani V, Beattie T, Bhattacharjee P, Mohan H, Maddur S, Washington R, et al. An integrated structural intervention to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:755 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of the interventions was to address context-specific factors (social inequity, violence and harassment, and stigma and discrimination) contributing to HIV vulnerability...
  22. Dines C. Using A&E data to prevent violence in communities. Nurs Times. 2011;107:16-8 pubmed
    ..be collected by reception staff using the Cardiff model, then used by the Community Safety Partnership to identify problem licensed premises and crime hotspots to reduce the incidence of violence and attendances at emergency departments.
  23. Coker A, Cook Craig P, Williams C, Fisher B, Clear E, Garcia L, et al. Evaluation of Green Dot: an active bystander intervention to reduce sexual violence on college campuses. Violence Against Women. 2011;17:777-96 pubmed publisher
    ..behavior training and the frequency of actual and observed self-reported active bystander behaviors as well as violence acceptance norms...
  24. Hutton P, Parker S, Bowe S, Ford S. Prevalence of violence risk factors in people at ultra-high risk of developing psychosis: a service audit. Early Interv Psychiatry. 2012;6:91-6 pubmed publisher
    There is little data available on the prevalence of violence risk factors in people at ultra-high risk of developing psychosis...
  25. Silverman J, Raj A, Cheng D, Decker M, Coleman S, Bridden C, et al. Sex trafficking and initiation-related violence, alcohol use, and HIV risk among HIV-infected female sex workers in Mumbai, India. J Infect Dis. 2011;204 Suppl 5:S1229-34 pubmed publisher
    ..ie, forced or coerced) into sex work are thought to be at even greater risk because of high exposure to violence and unprotected sex, particularly during the early months of sex work, that is, at initiation...
  26. Kraanen F, Vedel E, Scholing A, Emmelkamp P. Screening on perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence (IPV): two studies on the validity of an IPV screening instrument in patients in substance abuse treatment. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63681 pubmed publisher
    About 50% of patients in substance abuse treatment with a partner perpetrated and/or experienced intimate partner violence in the past year...
  27. Saeki K, Okamoto N, Tomioka K, Obayashi K, Nishioka H, Ohara K, et al. Work-related aggression and violence committed by patients and its psychological influence on doctors. J Occup Health. 2011;53:356-64 pubmed
    To determine the incidence rate of work-related aggression and violence (WRAV) against doctors and investigate risk factors and psychological influences of WRAV doctors...
  28. Liddell B, Silove D, Tay K, Tam N, Nickerson A, Brooks R, et al. Achieving convergence between a community-based measure of explosive anger and a clinical interview for intermittent explosive disorder in Timor-Leste. J Affect Disord. 2013;150:1242-6 pubmed publisher
    ..a structured clinical interview diagnosis of IED in Timor-Leste, a country with a history of significant mass violence and displacement...
  29. Boxer P, Schappell A, Middlemass K, Mercado I. Cognitive and emotional covariates of violence exposure among former prisoners: links to antisocial behavior and emotional distress and implications for theory. Aggress Behav. 2011;37:465-75 pubmed publisher
    In this study, formerly incarcerated men (N = 123) were assessed for their experiences with violence in the community as well as their current behavioral and mental health status (antisocial behavior and emotional distress)...
  30. Malta L, McDonald S, Hegadoren K, Weller C, Tough S. Influence of interpersonal violence on maternal anxiety, depression, stress and parenting morale in the early postpartum: a community based pregnancy cohort study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2012;12:153 pubmed publisher
    Research has shown that exposure to interpersonal violence is associated with poorer mental health outcomes...
  31. Mayosi B, Lawn J, van Niekerk A, Bradshaw D, Abdool Karim S, Coovadia H. Health in South Africa: changes and challenges since 2009. Lancet. 2012;380:2029-43 pubmed publisher
    ..four of the so-called colliding epidemics: HIV and tuberculosis; chronic illness and mental health; injury and violence; and maternal, neonatal, and child health...
  32. Gregory S, Ffytche D, Simmons A, Kumari V, Howard M, Hodgins S, et al. The antisocial brain: psychopathy matters. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012;69:962-72 pubmed
    ..This knowledge may facilitate research into the etiology of persistent violent behavior. ..
  33. Reingle J, Staras S, Jennings W, Branchini J, Maldonado Molina M. The relationship between marijuana use and intimate partner violence in a nationally representative, longitudinal sample. J Interpers Violence. 2012;27:1562-78 pubmed publisher
    Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem, as these behaviors have been associated with a number of negative health outcomes including illicit drug use, physical injury, chronic pain, sexually transmitted diseases, ..
  34. McGregor K, Castle D, Dolan M. Schizophrenia spectrum disorders, substance misuse, and the four-facet model of psychopathy: the relationship to violence. Schizophr Res. 2012;136:116-21 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the relationship between the four-facet model of PCL-R psychopathy and violence in a community-based sample of Australian men with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders...
  35. Baker S, Li G. Epidemiologic approaches to injury and violence. Epidemiol Rev. 2012;34:1-3 pubmed publisher
  36. Waller M, Iritani B, Christ S, Clark H, Moracco K, Halpern C, et al. Relationships among alcohol outlet density, alcohol use, and intimate partner violence victimization among young women in the United States. J Interpers Violence. 2012;27:2062-86 pubmed publisher
    Greater access to alcohol has been widely found to be associated with many negative outcomes including violence perpetration...
  37. Gordon V, Williams D, Donnelly P. Exploring the relationship between ADHD symptoms and prison breaches of discipline amongst youths in four Scottish prisons. Public Health. 2012;126:343-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In particular, symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity are associated with breaches of both a violent and non-violent nature. Implications of such symptoms on rehabilitation and recidivism are discussed. ..
  38. Harder V, Mutiso V, Khasakhala L, Burke H, Ndetei D. Multiple traumas, postelection violence, and posttraumatic stress among impoverished Kenyan youth. J Trauma Stress. 2012;25:64-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Most of the world's youth and war-like violence, however, is concentrated in developing countries, yet there is limited mental health data within affected ..
  39. Drury J, Williams R. Children and young people who are refugees, internally displaced persons or survivors or perpetrators of war, mass violence and terrorism. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2012;25:277-84 pubmed publisher
    ..about the psychosocial aspects of children and young people's responses to their exposure to war, collective violence and terrorism...
  40. Monuteaux M, Lee L, Fleegler E. Children injured by violence in the United States: emergency department utilization, 2000-2008. Acad Emerg Med. 2012;19:535-40 pubmed publisher
    Children victimized by violence are often treated in the emergency department (ED). However, our understanding of the magnitude and financial costs of this patient population is inadequate...
  41. Njuki R, Okal J, Warren C, Obare F, Abuya T, Kanya L, et al. Exploring the effectiveness of the output-based aid voucher program to increase uptake of gender-based violence recovery services in Kenya: a qualitative evaluation. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:426 pubmed publisher
    ..have explored in detail the ability of output-based aid (OBA) voucher programs to increase access to gender-based violence recovery (GBVR) services...
  42. Falb K, McCormick M, Hemenway D, Anfinson K, Silverman J. Symptoms associated with pregnancy complications along the Thai-Burma border: the role of conflict violence and intimate partner violence. Matern Child Health J. 2014;18:29-37 pubmed publisher
    To assess the association between lifetime violence victimization and self-reported symptoms associated with pregnancy complications among women living in refugee camps along the Thai-Burma border...
  43. Volavka J. Violence in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Psychiatr Danub. 2013;25:24-33 pubmed
    ..and November 2012 using the combination of key words 'schizophrenia' or 'bipolar disorder' with 'aggression' or 'violence'...
  44. Herbert H, Hyder A, Butchart A, Norton R. Global health: injuries and violence. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2011;25:653-68, x pubmed publisher
    Injury and violence rank among the leading causes of death worldwide, with more than 5 million deaths annually, representing a significant portion of the global burden of disease...
  45. Mason S, Wright R, Hibert E, Spiegelman D, Jun H, Hu F, et al. Intimate partner violence and incidence of type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes Care. 2013;36:1159-65 pubmed publisher
    We sought to estimate the association between intimate partner violence, a prevalent psychosocial stressor, and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in women...
  46. Algwaiz W, Alghanim S. Violence exposure among health care professionals in Saudi public hospitals. A preliminary investigation. Saudi Med J. 2012;33:76-82 pubmed
    To identify the prevalence, causes, types, and sources of workplace violence among health professionals in public hospitals in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
  47. Fazel S, Lichtenstein P, Grann M, Långström N. Risk of violent crime in individuals with epilepsy and traumatic brain injury: a 35-year Swedish population study. PLoS Med. 2011;8:e1001150 pubmed publisher
    ..1, 0.9-1.2). We found heterogeneity in violence risk by age of disease onset, severity, comorbidity with substance abuse, and clinical subgroups...
  48. Duque L, Montoya N, Restrepo A. Violence witnessing, perpetrating and victimization in Medellín, Colombia: a random population survey. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:628 pubmed publisher
    The burden of injury from violence and the costs attributable to violence are extremely high in Colombia...
  49. Gold J, Sullivan M, Lewis M. The relation between abuse and violent delinquency: the conversion of shame to blame in juvenile offenders. Child Abuse Negl. 2011;35:459-67 pubmed publisher
    ..For juvenile offenders, the conversion of shame into blaming others appears to contribute to pathological outcomes in relation to trauma. Translation of this work into clinical practice is recommended. ..
  50. Pitpitan E, Kalichman S, Eaton L, Sikkema K, Watt M, Skinner D. Gender-based violence and HIV sexual risk behavior: alcohol use and mental health problems as mediators among women in drinking venues, Cape Town. Soc Sci Med. 2012;75:1417-25 pubmed publisher
    Gender-based violence is a key determinant of HIV infection among women in South Africa as elsewhere...
  51. Ünsal Atan S, Baysan Arabaci L, Sirin A, Isler A, Donmez S, Unsal Guler M, et al. Violence experienced by nurses at six university hospitals in Turkey. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2013;20:882-9 pubmed publisher
    This research was conducted to analyse the violence experienced by nurses employed at six university hospitals. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted...
  52. Rossow I, Norstrom T. The impact of small changes in bar closing hours on violence. The Norwegian experience from 18 cities. Addiction. 2012;107:530-7 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the effect on violence of small changes in closing hours for on-premise alcohol sales, and to assess whether a possible effect is symmetrical...
  53. Kumari V, Gudjonsson G, Raghuvanshi S, Barkataki I, Taylor P, Sumich A, et al. Reduced thalamic volume in men with antisocial personality disorder or schizophrenia and a history of serious violence and childhood abuse. Eur Psychiatry. 2013;28:225-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Fifty-six men (26 with ASPD or schizophrenia and a history of serious violence, 30 non-violent) underwent magnetic resonance imaging and were assessed on PSD...