divorce

Summary

Summary: Legal dissolution of an officially recognized marriage relationship.

Top Publications

  1. Jena A, Goldman D, Joyce G. Association between the birth of twins and parental divorce. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;117:892-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined the association between twin births and parental divorce. We used the 1980 U.S. Census to identify a large sample of mothers with and without twin births...
  2. Afifi T, Boman J, Fleisher W, Sareen J. The relationship between child abuse, parental divorce, and lifetime mental disorders and suicidality in a nationally representative adult sample. Child Abuse Negl. 2009;33:139-47 pubmed publisher
    To determine how the experiences of child abuse and parental divorce are related to long-term mental health outcomes using a nationally representative adult sample after adjusting for sociodemographic variables and parental ..
  3. Sbarra D, Nietert P. Divorce and death: forty years of the Charleston Heart Study. Psychol Sci. 2009;20:107-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Heart Study (CHS) were used to examine the risk for early mortality associated with marital separation or divorce in a sample of more than 1,300 adults assessed on several occasions between 1960 and 2000...
  4. Robbers S, Bartels M, van Beijsterveldt C, Verhulst F, Huizink A, Boomsma D. Pre-divorce problems in 3-year-olds: a prospective study in boys and girls. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2011;46:311-9 pubmed publisher
    We examined to what extent internalizing and externalizing problems at age 3 preceded and predicted parental divorce, and if divorce and the time lapse since divorce were related to internalizing and externalizing problems at age 12...
  5. Kristjansson A, Sigfusdottir I, Allegrante J, Helgason A. Parental divorce and adolescent cigarette smoking and alcohol use: assessing the importance of family conflict. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98:537-42 pubmed publisher
    To investigate how family conflict contributes to the relationship between parental divorce and adolescent cigarette smoking and alcohol use. Population-based cross-sectional survey...
  6. Hartley S, Barker E, Seltzer M, Floyd F, Greenberg J, Orsmond G, et al. The relative risk and timing of divorce in families of children with an autism spectrum disorder. J Fam Psychol. 2010;24:449-57 pubmed publisher
    We compared the occurrence and timing of divorce in 391 parents of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a matched representative sample of parents of children without disabilities using a survival analysis...
  7. Osler M, McGue M, Lund R, Christensen K. Marital status and twins' health and behavior: an analysis of middle-aged Danish twins. Psychosom Med. 2008;70:482-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggests that the relationships of adult divorce with depression and smoking in Danish twins are due to the stressful effects of marital dissolution, but that ..
  8. Butterworth P, Rodgers B. Mental health problems and marital disruption: is it the combination of husbands and wives' mental health problems that predicts later divorce?. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2008;43:758-63 pubmed publisher
    b>Divorce has been established as an adverse social consequence of mental illness. There is, however, little research that has considered how the mental health of both spouses may interact to predict relationship disruption...
  9. Collins R, Ellickson P, Klein D. The role of substance use in young adult divorce. Addiction. 2007;102:786-94 pubmed
    To test the relationships between various forms of substance use during marriage and subsequent divorce among US young adults. Three waves of survey data collected at approximately ages 18, 23 and 29 years were used...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Biddle L, Brock A, Brookes S, Gunnell D. Suicide rates in young men in England and Wales in the 21st century: time trend study. BMJ. 2008;336:539-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Other risk factors for suicide, such as unemployment and divorce, have also decreased...
  2. Fuller Thomson E, Filippelli J, Lue Crisostomo C. Gender-specific association between childhood adversities and smoking in adulthood: findings from a population-based study. Public Health. 2013;127:449-60 pubmed publisher
    ..63 and OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.02-1.27, respectively]. For both genders, childhood exposure to parental separation or divorce, household drug abuse or household problem drinking, were significantly associated with ever smoking...
  3. Corcoran P, Nagar A. Suicide and marital status in Northern Ireland. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2010;45:795-800 pubmed publisher
    ..Among over 55 year-olds, widowhood increased risk of male suicide only (IRR = 2.47, 95% CI = 1.64-3.70) whereas divorce was associated with an almost threefold increase in male (IRR = 2.61, 95% CI = 1.39-4.88) and female (IRR = 2...
  4. Kalmar S, Szanto K, Rihmer Z, Mazumdar S, Harrison K, Mann J. Antidepressant prescription and suicide rates: effect of age and gender. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2008;38:363-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Antidepressant prescription rate was related to suicide rate after controlling for divorce rate or unemployment rate, but not after controlling for alcohol consumption rate.
  5. Thompson R, Lizardi D, Keyes K, Hasin D. Childhood or adolescent parental divorce/separation, parental history of alcohol problems, and offspring lifetime alcohol dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008;98:264-9 pubmed publisher
    This study examined whether the experiences of childhood or adolescent parental divorce/separation and parental alcohol problems affected the likelihood of offspring DSM-IV lifetime alcohol dependence, controlling for parental history of ..
  6. Wymbs B, Pelham W, Molina B, Gnagy E, Wilson T, Greenhouse J. Rate and predictors of divorce among parents of youths with ADHD. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2008;76:735-44 pubmed publisher
    ..but evidence is surprisingly less convincing regarding whether parents of youths with ADHD are more at risk for divorce than are parents of children without ADHD...
  7. Yannakoulia M, Papanikolaou K, Hatzopoulou I, Efstathiou E, Papoutsakis C, Dedoussis G. Association between family divorce and children's BMI and meal patterns: the GENDAI Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008;16:1382-7 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this work was to explore the associations between family factors, including divorce, and children's overweight as well as eating and physical activity patterns in a population-based sample of healthy school-aged children...
  8. Fabricius W, Luecken L. Postdivorce living arrangements, parent conflict, and long-term physical health correlates for children of divorce. J Fam Psychol. 2007;21:195-205 pubmed
    ..e., exposure to parent conflict before the divorce and up to 5 years after, and amount of time with father postdivorce) and indicators of their physical health...
  9. Kraft A, Luecken L. Childhood parental divorce and cortisol in young adulthood: evidence for mediation by family income. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2009;34:1363-9 pubmed publisher
    Childhood parental divorce has been linked with negative physical and psychological health in adulthood, potentially due to alterations in adrenocortical activity resulting from chronic stress...
  10. Tomcikova Z, Madarasova Geckova A, Orosova O, van Dijk J, Reijneveld S. Parental divorce and adolescent drunkenness: role of socioeconomic position, psychological well-being and social support. Eur Addict Res. 2009;15:202-8 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore the association between parental divorce and adolescent drunkenness in the last 4 weeks and the contribution of socioeconomic position, family structure, social support from family and ..
  11. Carlsen K, Dalton S, Frederiksen K, Diderichsen F, Johansen C. Are cancer survivors at an increased risk for divorce? A Danish cohort study. Eur J Cancer. 2007;43:2093-9 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to determine the risk for divorce among cancer survivors...
  12. van der Aa N, Boomsma D, Rebollo Mesa I, Hudziak J, Bartels M. Moderation of genetic factors by parental divorce in adolescents' evaluations of family functioning and subjective wellbeing. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2010;13:143-62 pubmed publisher
    ..We assessed whether genetic and environmental influences are moderated by parental divorce by analyzing self-report data from 6,773 adolescent twins and their non-twin siblings...
  13. Lizardi D, Thompson R, Keyes K, Hasin D. The role of depression in the differential effect of childhood parental divorce on male and female adult offspring suicide attempt risk. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010;198:687-90 pubmed publisher
    In previous studies by our group, we found that female offspring of parental divorce and parental remarriage are more susceptible to suicide attempt than male offspring...
  14. Angarne Lindberg T, Wadsby M. Psychiatric and somatic health in relation to experience of parental divorce in childhood. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2012;58:16-25 pubmed publisher
    The outcome of studies about the experience of parental divorce and its effects on mental and physical health differs, a result possibly caused by the use of different questionnaires and instruments, varying length of time since the ..
  15. Rueger H, Schneider N, Zier U, Letzel S, Muenster E. Health risks of separated or divorced over-indebted fathers: separation from children and financial distress. Soc Work Health Care. 2011;50:242-56 pubmed publisher
    The study examines over-indebted fathers after separation/divorce with respect to health-related lifestyles/state of health. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among over-indebted persons in Germany 2006/2007 (response rate 39.7%)...
  16. Petersen I, Martinussen T, McGue M, Bingley P, Christensen K. Lower marriage and divorce rates among twins than among singletons in Danish birth cohorts 1940-1964. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2011;14:150-7 pubmed publisher
    ..of the total Danish population, and administrative register databases, the authors compare rates of marriage and divorce in a sample of 35,975 twins and 81,803 singletons born 1940-1964...
  17. Breslau J, Miller E, Jin R, Sampson N, Alonso J, Andrade L, et al. A multinational study of mental disorders, marriage, and divorce. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2011;124:474-86 pubmed publisher
    Estimate predictive associations of mental disorders with marriage and divorce in a cross-national sample...
  18. Lavner J, Bradbury T. Why do even satisfied newlyweds eventually go on to divorce?. J Fam Psychol. 2012;26:1-10 pubmed publisher
    Although divorce typically follows an extended period of unhappiness that begins early in marriage, some couples who are very happy throughout the first several years of marriage will also go on to divorce...
  19. Carlsund A, Eriksson U, Löfstedt P, Sellstrom E. Risk behaviour in Swedish adolescents: is shared physical custody after divorce a risk or a protective factor?. Eur J Public Health. 2013;23:3-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to deepen our understanding of the positive and negative aspects of shared physical custody, our study should be followed by qualitative analyses and longitudinal studies of adolescents' experiences. ..
  20. Larson K, Halfon N. Parental divorce and adult longevity. Int J Public Health. 2013;58:89-97 pubmed publisher
    ..We examine the relationship of experiencing parental divorce before the age of 16 and survival across 34 years of adulthood...
  21. Greeff J, Erasmus J. Appel Botha: The abc of a three hundred year old divorce case. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2013;7:550-4 pubmed publisher
  22. D Onofrio B, Turkheimer E, Emery R, Maes H, Silberg J, Eaves L. A Children of Twins Study of parental divorce and offspring psychopathology. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007;48:667-75 pubmed
    Although parental divorce is associated with increased substance use and internalizing problems, experiencing the separation of one's parents may not cause these outcomes...
  23. Urbano R, Hodapp R. Divorce in families of children with Down syndrome: a population-based study. Am J Ment Retard. 2007;112:261-74 pubmed
    In this study, we examined the nature, timing, and correlates of divorce in families of children with Down syndrome (647), other birth defects (10,283) and no identified disability (361,154)...
  24. Hewitt B, Turrell G, Giskes K. Marital loss, mental health and the role of perceived social support: findings from six waves of an Australian population based panel study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012;66:308-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Marital loss significantly decreased mental health. Increasing, or maintaining, high levels of social support has the potential to improve widowed men's mental health immediately after the death of their spouse. ..
  25. Angarne Lindberg T, Wadsby M. Fifteen years after parental divorce: mental health and experienced life-events. Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63:32-43 pubmed publisher
    The children who experienced their parents' divorce when the divorce rate in Sweden had begun to grow to higher levels than in preceding decades are today adults...
  26. Syse A, Loge J, Lyngstad T. Does childhood cancer affect parental divorce rates? A population-based study. J Clin Oncol. 2010;28:872-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This could hypothetically elevate divorce rates...
  27. Swaminathan S, Alexander G, Boulet S. Delivering a very low birth weight infant and the subsequent risk of divorce or separation. Matern Child Health J. 2006;10:473-9 pubmed
    ..psychological and monetary stresses, which in turn may influence marital instability and increase the risk of divorce or separation...
  28. O Connor T, Thorpe K, Dunn J, Golding J. Parental divorce and adjustment in adulthood: findings from a community sample. The ALSPAC Study Team. Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1999;40:777-89 pubmed
    The current study examines the link between the experience of divorce in childhood and several indices of adjustment in adulthood in a large community sample of women...
  29. Kelly J. Children's adjustment in conflicted marriage and divorce: a decade review of research. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2000;39:963-73 pubmed
    To review important research of the past decade in divorce, marital conflict, and children's adjustment and to describe newer divorce interventions...
  30. Aseltine R. Pathways linking parental divorce with adolescent depression. J Health Soc Behav. 1996;37:133-48 pubmed
    This article examines the intervening pathways linking parental divorce with adolescent depression, using both cross-sectional and prospective data from a study of high school students in the Boston metropolitan area...
  31. Gould M, Shaffer D, Fisher P, Garfinkel R. Separation/divorce and child and adolescent completed suicide. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1998;37:155-62 pubmed
    To investigate factors that may modify the effect of separation/divorce on youth suicide...
  32. Prigerson H, Maciejewski P, Rosenheck R. The effects of marital dissolution and marital quality on health and health service use among women. Med Care. 1999;37:858-73 pubmed
    ..Separated women should be counseled that they are at heightened risk for increased alcohol consumption. Divorced and separated women appear to seek help for emotional problems, over and above depressive symptoms. ..
  33. Mack K. Childhood family disruptions and adult well-being: the differential effects of divorce and parental death. Death Stud. 2001;25:419-43 pubmed
    ..Comparisons are made between adults who experienced parental divorce, adults who experienced parental death, and adults who were raised in intact families (N = 4,341)...
  34. Hemminki K, Li X. Lifestyle and cancer: effect of widowhood and divorce. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2003;12:899-904 pubmed
    Limited data are available on the possible changes in cancer risk brought about by widowhood and divorce, an increasing segment of the population...
  35. Tein J, Sandler I, MacKinnon D, Wolchik S. How did it work? Who did it work for? Mediation in the context of a moderated prevention effect for children of divorce. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2004;72:617-24 pubmed
    ..Analyses demonstrate mediation effects primarily for children who began the program with poorer scores on discipline, mother-child relationship quality, and externalizing problems. ..
  36. Kvikstad A, Vatten L, Tretli S. Widowhood and divorce in relation to overall survival among middle-aged Norwegian women with cancer. Br J Cancer. 1995;71:1343-7 pubmed
    The aim of the study was to examine the relations between widowhood and divorce and overall survival among women with cancer...
  37. Wood J, Repetti R, Roesch S. Divorce and children's adjustment problems at home and school: the role of depressive/withdrawn parenting. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2004;35:121-42 pubmed
    This study examined linkages between divorce, depressive/withdrawn parenting, and child adjustment problems at home and school...
  38. Bloch M, Peleg I, Koren D, Aner H, Klein E. Long-term effects of early parental loss due to divorce on the HPA axis. Horm Behav. 2007;51:516-23 pubmed
    We investigated the long-term effects of divorce and early separation from one parent on HPA axis reactivity, in young adults without psychopathology...
  39. Afifi T, Cox B, Enns M. Mental health profiles among married, never-married, and separated/divorced mothers in a nationally representative sample. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2006;41:122-9 pubmed
  40. Ostermann J, Sloan F, Taylor D. Heavy alcohol use and marital dissolution in the USA. Soc Sci Med. 2005;61:2304-16 pubmed
    ..USA conducted between 1992 and 2000, we assessed the association between alcohol consumption and separation and divorce (combined as divorced in the analysis) for 4589 married couples during up to four repeated 2-yr follow-up periods...
  41. Størksen I, Røysamb E, Holmen T, Tambs K. Adolescent adjustment and well-being: effects of parental divorce and distress. Scand J Psychol. 2006;47:75-84 pubmed
    This study investigates the long-term effects of parental divorce on adolescent psychological adjustment and well-being, and to what extent the effects are accounted for by parental psychological distress...
  42. Breivik K, Olweus D. Children of divorce in a Scandinavian welfare state: are they less affected than US children?. Scand J Psychol. 2006;47:61-74 pubmed
    ..in a recent large-scale study of 4,127 12-15-year-old children in Norway, of whom 623 had experienced parental divorce and lived in a single-mother family...
  43. Horwitz A, White H, Howell White S. The use of multiple outcomes in stress research: a case study of gender differences in responses to marital dissolution. J Health Soc Behav. 1996;37:278-91 pubmed
    ..rates of depression and alcohol problems, as well as for secondary stressors connected with separation and divorce, women undergoing marital dissolution show significantly greater increases in rates of depression compared to men ..
  44. Tucker J, Friedman H, Schwartz J, Criqui M, Tomlinson Keasey C, Wingard D, et al. Parental divorce: effects on individual behavior and longevity. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1997;73:381-91 pubmed
    Using an archival prospective design, the authors studied associations among parental divorce occurring during participants' childhood, adult psychosocial mediators, and mortality over the life span of a subgroup of participants (N = 1,..
  45. Wolfinger N. Trends in the intergenerational transmission of divorce. Demography. 1999;36:415-20 pubmed
    ..I use data from the 1973-1996 NORC General Social Survey to examine trends in the intergenerational transmission of divorce, the propensity for the children of divorce to end their own marriages...
  46. Carrere S, Buehlman K, Gottman J, Coan J, Ruckstuhl L. Predicting marital stability and divorce in newlywed couples. J Fam Psychol. 2000;14:42-58 pubmed
    ..95 newlywed couples examined the power of the Oral History Interview to predict stable marital relationships and divorce. A principal-components analysis of the interview with the couples (Time 1) identified a latent variable, ..
  47. Amato P. Children of divorce in the 1990s: an update of the Amato and Keith (1991) meta-analysis. J Fam Psychol. 2001;15:355-70 pubmed
    The present study updates the P. R. Amato and B. Keith (1991) meta-analysis of children and divorce with a new analysis of 67 studies published in the 1990s...
  48. Lin Y, Raghubir P. Gender differences in unrealistic optimism about marriage and divorce: are men more optimistic and women more realistic?. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2005;31:198-207 pubmed
    ..Theoretical implications for unrealistic optimism, cross-cultural psychology, as well as gender differences are discussed. ..
  49. Jalovaara M. The joint effects of marriage partners' socioeconomic positions on the risk of divorce. Demography. 2003;40:67-81 pubmed
    This study investigated the joint effects of spouses' socioeconomic positions on the risk of divorce in Finland...
  50. Smith K, Watkins S. Perceptions of risk and strategies for prevention: responses to HIV/AIDS in rural Malawi. Soc Sci Med. 2005;60:649-60 pubmed
    ..possible source of infection, discussing with them the importance of avoiding infection, and, increasingly, using divorce to reduce their risk...
  51. Marshal M. For better or for worse? The effects of alcohol use on marital functioning. Clin Psychol Rev. 2003;23:959-97 pubmed
    ..A small subset of studies found that light drinking patterns are associated with adaptive marital functioning; however, more research is necessary to replicate these effects and identify specific conditions under which they occur. ..
  52. Lagarde E, Chastang J, Gueguen A, Coeuret Pellicer M, Chiron M, Lafont S. Emotional stress and traffic accidents: the impact of separation and divorce. Epidemiology. 2004;15:762-6 pubmed
    ..Separate analyses were also performed to consider only at-fault accidents. Marital separation or divorce was associated with an increased risk of a serious accident (all serious accidents: hazard ratio 2...
  53. Davila J, Bradbury T. Attachment insecurity and the distinction between unhappy spouses who do and do not divorce. J Fam Psychol. 2001;15:371-93 pubmed
    ..Results suggest that spouses at risk for stable, unhappy marriages can be identified early and may benefit from interventions that increase the security of spouses' attachment to each other. ..