commonwealth of independent states


Summary: An economic union of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Ukraine.

Top Publications

  1. Tulchinsky T. Developing schools of public health in countries of Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Public Health Rev. 2002;30:179-200 pubmed
    Countries of Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States are facing a combination of difficulties in health including high rates of mortality from preventable diseases, and pressures for reform of their health care systems...
  2. Dittmann S, Wharton M, Vitek C, Ciotti M, Galazka A, Guichard S, et al. Successful control of epidemic diphtheria in the states of the Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: lessons learned. J Infect Dis. 2000;181 Suppl 1:S10-22 pubmed
    ..Continued investment in improved vaccines, control strategies, training, and laboratory techniques is needed. ..
  3. Begum M, Lewison G, Jassem J, Mixich V, Cufer T, Nurgozhin T, et al. Mapping cancer research across Central and Eastern Europe, the Russian Federation and Central Asia: Implications for future national cancer control planning. Eur J Cancer. 2018;104:127-136 pubmed publisher
    ..economies of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Russian Federation and Central Asia (R-CA) (Commonwealth of Independent States) remain relatively understudied...
  4. Nugmanova D, Sokolova L, Feshchenko Y, Iashyna L, Gyrina O, Malynovska K, et al. The prevalence, burden and risk factors associated with bronchial asthma in commonwealth of independent states countries (Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan): results of the CORE study. BMC Pulm Med. 2018;18:110 pubmed publisher
    In the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries epidemiology of Bronchial Asthma (BA) is poorly characterized...
  5. Rasoulinezhad E, Saboori B. Panel estimation for renewable and non-renewable energy consumption, economic growth, CO2 emissions, the composite trade intensity, and financial openness of the commonwealth of independent states. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:17354-17370 pubmed publisher
    ..for trade openness, and the Chinn-Ito index as a proxy for financial openness for a panel of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) region including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, ..
  6. Feshchenko Y, Iashyna L, Nugmanova D, Gyrina O, Polianska M, Markov A, et al. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis in the adult population within the commonwealth of independent states: rationale and design of the CORE study. BMC Pulm Med. 2017;17:131 pubmed publisher
    ..aimed to assess the point prevalence of COPD, BA and AR in the adult population of major cities of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries - Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine based on study questionnaires and/or ..
  7. van der Voort C, Swenne C, van der Hoorn van Velthoven C, Belt J. Online medical literature consultation habits of academic teaching physicians in the EU and CIS countries: a cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44302 pubmed publisher
    Both in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and in the European Union (EU2004), ample availability of up to date medical scientific literature is important for progress in medical science and for the education of the next ..
  8. Vitek C. Diphtheria. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2006;304:71-94 pubmed
  9. Pomerleau J, Gilmore A, McKee M, Rose R, Haerpfer C. Determinants of smoking in eight countries of the former Soviet Union: results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study. Addiction. 2004;99:1577-85 pubmed
    ..These high-risk groups should be targeted in future smoking prevention and cessation strategies in the region. ..

More Information


  1. Gilmore A, McKee M. Moving East: how the transnational tobacco industry gained entry to the emerging markets of the former Soviet Union-part I: establishing cigarette imports. Tob Control. 2004;13:143-50 pubmed
    ..Marketing restrictions that focus on advertising without restricting the use of brand or company promotions will have a limited impact. ..
  2. Gilmore A, McKee M. Tobacco and transition: an overview of industry investments, impact and influence in the former Soviet Union. Tob Control. 2004;13:136-42 pubmed
    ..This influence was enhanced by the industry's significant contribution to FDI, their ability to take over existing state monopolies in all but the largest countries, and the lack of democratic opposition. ..
  3. Galazka A. Implications of the diphtheria epidemic in the Former Soviet Union for immunization programs. J Infect Dis. 2000;181 Suppl 1:S244-8 pubmed
    ..g., in treatment of wounds or in school-based immunization programs]). Efforts should be undertaken to monitor diphtheria immunity in different groups by conducting age-specific serologic studies. ..
  4. Voskoboeva E, Krasnopolskaya X, Mirenburg T, Weber B, Hopwood J. Molecular genetics of mucopolysaccharidosis type I: mutation analysis among the patients of the former Soviet Union. Mol Genet Metab. 1998;65:174-80 pubmed
    ..Our data suggest a closer relationship between the FSU and Scandinavian populations than with Western and Central European populations. ..
  5. Barr D, Field M. The current state of health care in the former Soviet Union: implications for health care policy and reform. Am J Public Health. 1996;86:307-12 pubmed
    ..Russian health care reform leaders can learn from the health care successes in the West and avoid repeating our mistakes. ..
  6. Soler Badia D, Batchelor P, Sheiham A. The prevalence of oral health problems in participants of the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona. Int Dent J. 1994;44:44-8 pubmed
    ..Recommendations are made for the conduct of future dental care facilities at Olympic Games and the collection of data. ..
  7. Ben Noun L. [Chronic diseases in immigrants from Russia (CIS) at a primary care clinic and their sociodemographic characteristics]. Harefuah. 1994;127:441-5, 504-5 pubmed
    ..year (1990-1991) after their immigration to Israel ("aliyah") from 14 republics of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS, formerly the Soviet Union). Most of the olim were between 1-19 years of age...