crime

Summary

Summary: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.

Top Publications

  1. Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Neary D, Clayton S, Wright K, et al. Fear of crime and the environment: systematic review of UK qualitative evidence. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:496 pubmed publisher
    The fear of crime may have negative consequences for health and wellbeing. It is influenced by factors in the physical and social environment...
  2. Evenson K, Block R, Diez Roux A, McGinn A, Wen F, Rodriguez D. Associations of adult physical activity with perceived safety and police-recorded crime: the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9:146 pubmed publisher
    ..to the inconsistent findings of prior studies, we explored the association of perceived safety and police-recorded crime measures with physical activity...
  3. Schofield T, Denson T. Alcohol outlet business hours and violent crime in New York state. Alcohol Alcohol. 2013;48:363-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined the relationship between alcohol outlet business hours and violent crime in 2009 in New York State (excluding New York City)...
  4. Hu X, Evans A, Wu H, Lee K, Fu G. An interfering dot-probe task facilitates the detection of mock crime memory in a reaction time (RT)-based concealed information test. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2013;142:278-85 pubmed publisher
    ..g. reaction time, error rate). Here, after participants enacted a mock crime, they were introduced to a concealed information test either with or without an interfering dot-probe task...
  5. Sweeten G, Piquero A, Steinberg L. Age and the explanation of crime, revisited. J Youth Adolesc. 2013;42:921-38 pubmed publisher
    ..prominent criminological perspective outlined by Gottfredson and Hirschi claims that age has a direct effect on crime, inexplicable from sociological and psychological variables...
  6. Maisels F, Strindberg S, Blake S, Wittemyer G, Hart J, Williamson E, et al. Devastating decline of forest elephants in central Africa. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e59469 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the international demand for ivory, which fuels illegal trade, must be dramatically reduced...
  7. Børsting C, Mogensen H, Morling N. Forensic genetic SNP typing of low-template DNA and highly degraded DNA from crime case samples. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2013;7:345-52 pubmed publisher
    ..07%) was observed in the consensus profiles. A total of 28 crime case samples were selected for typing with the sensitized SNPforID protocol...
  8. Cary M, Butler S, Baruch G, Hickey N, Byford S. Economic evaluation of multisystemic therapy for young people at risk for continuing criminal activity in the UK. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e61070 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the limitations of the study in terms of method of economic evaluation, outcome measures used and data quality support the need for further research. ..
  9. Finkelhor D, Turner H, Shattuck A, Hamby S. Violence, crime, and abuse exposure in a national sample of children and youth: an update. JAMA Pediatr. 2013;167:614-21 pubmed publisher
    Because exposure to violence, crime, and abuse has been shown to have serious consequences on child development, physicians and policymakers need to know the kinds of exposure that occur at various developmental stages...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Mason P, Kearns A, Livingston M. "Safe Going": the influence of crime rates and perceived crime and safety on walking in deprived neighbourhoods. Soc Sci Med. 2013;91:15-24 pubmed publisher
    Few studies have simultaneously examined the relationship of levels of recorded crime, perceptions of crime and disorder, and safety from crime with rates of physical activity...
  2. Degenhardt L, Gisev N, Trevena J, Larney S, Kimber J, Burns L, et al. Engagement with the criminal justice system among opioid-dependent people: a retrospective cohort study. Addiction. 2013;108:2152-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Person-years (PY) of observation and charge rates for major crime categories estimated by sex, age and time...
  3. Sonricker Hansen A, Li A, Joly D, Mekaru S, Brownstein J. Digital surveillance: a novel approach to monitoring the illegal wildlife trade. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e51156 pubmed publisher
  4. Navarro H, Shakeshaft A, Doran C, Petrie D. Does increasing community and liquor licensees' awareness, police activity, and feedback reduce alcohol-related violent crime? A benefit-cost analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10:5490-506 pubmed publisher
    Approximately half of all alcohol-related crime is violent crime associated with heavy episodic drinking...
  5. Perc M, Donnay K, Helbing D. Understanding recurrent crime as system-immanent collective behavior. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e76063 pubmed publisher
    Containing the spreading of crime is a major challenge for society. Yet, since thousands of years, no effective strategy has been found to overcome crime...
  6. Wolke D, Copeland W, Angold A, Costello E. Impact of bullying in childhood on adult health, wealth, crime, and social outcomes. Psychol Sci. 2013;24:1958-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Being bullied is not a harmless rite of passage but throws a long shadow over affected people's lives. Interventions in childhood are likely to reduce long-term health and social costs. ..
  7. Alves L, Ribeiro H, Lenzi E, Mendes R. Distance to the scaling law: a useful approach for unveiling relationships between crime and urban metrics. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e69580 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition to the regression analysis, we propose an approach to correlate crime and urban metrics via the evaluation of the distance between the actual value of the number of homicides (as well ..
  8. Nikulina V, Widom C, Czaja S. The role of childhood neglect and childhood poverty in predicting mental health, academic achievement and crime in adulthood. Am J Community Psychol. 2011;48:309-21 pubmed publisher
    ..in predicting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), academic achievement, and crime in young adulthood...
  9. Hallal P, Reis R, Parra D, Hoehner C, Brownson R, Simoes E. Association between perceived environmental attributes and physical activity among adults in Recife, Brazil. J Phys Act Health. 2010;7 Suppl 2:S213-22 pubmed
    ..Lack of sidewalks and low access to recreational facilities were predictors of low levels of leisure-time physical activity, suggesting that policy strategies aimed at improving these environmental features may be warranted. ..
  10. Hanson R, Morton Bourgon K. The accuracy of recidivism risk assessments for sexual offenders: a meta-analysis of 118 prediction studies. Psychol Assess. 2009;21:1-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research should identify the psychologically meaningfully factors that contribute to risk for reoffending. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved). ..
  11. Kepple N, Freisthler B. Exploring the ecological association between crime and medical marijuana dispensaries. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2012;73:523-30 pubmed
    Routine activities theory purports that crime occurs in places with a suitable target, motivated offender, and lack of guardianship...
  12. Byrnes J, Doran C, Shakeshaft A. Cost per incident of alcohol-related crime in New South Wales. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2012;31:854-60 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this paper is to provide a per incident of crime cost measure for New South Wales that is suitable for the use within cost-effectiveness studies of interventions aimed at reducing the burden of alcohol...
  13. Linacre A, Gusmao L, Hecht W, Hellmann A, Mayr W, Parson W, et al. ISFG: recommendations regarding the use of non-human (animal) DNA in forensic genetic investigations. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2011;5:501-5 pubmed publisher
    ..of a species, or products derived from a species, which is contrary to legislation; as evidence where the crime is against a person or property; instances of animal cruelty; or where the animal is the offender...
  14. Barendregt M, Muller E, Nijman H, de Beurs E. Factors associated with experts' opinions regarding criminal responsibility in The Netherlands. Behav Sci Law. 2008;26:619-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Clinical, demographic and crime related variables, as well as MMPI-2 profiles, were collected from final reports concerning defendants of serious ..
  15. Brown T, Murphy E. Through a scanner darkly: functional neuroimaging as evidence of a criminal defendant's past mental states. Stanford Law Rev. 2010;62:1119-208 pubmed
  16. Barajas E, McKee P, Hannan P, Nelson T, Jones Webb R. Effects of policies to restrict malt liquor sales on neighborhood crime. Subst Use Misuse. 2011;46:1234-43 pubmed publisher
    ..S. city. We hypothesized that the restrictions would be associated with crime reductions in adjacent neighborhoods...
  17. Myers S, Timken M, Piucci M, Sims G, Greenwald M, Weigand J, et al. Searching for first-degree familial relationships in California's offender DNA database: validation of a likelihood ratio-based approach. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2011;5:493-500 pubmed publisher
    ..An investigative lead created through this process recently led to an arrest in the Los Angeles Grim Sleeper serial murders. ..
  18. Singh J, Grann M, Fazel S. A comparative study of violence risk assessment tools: a systematic review and metaregression analysis of 68 studies involving 25,980 participants. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011;31:499-513 pubmed publisher
    ..Risk assessment procedures and guidelines by mental health services and criminal justice systems may need review in light of these findings. ..
  19. Morrall P, Marshall P, Pattison S, Macdonald G. Crime and health: a preliminary study into the effects of crime on the mental health of UK university students. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2010;17:821-8 pubmed publisher
    In this paper we report on the findings from a preliminary study in the UK into the effects of crime on health...
  20. Wilson D, Trumpeter N, St George S, Coulon S, Griffin S, Lee Van Horn M, et al. An overview of the "Positive Action for Today's Health" (PATH) trial for increasing walking in low income, ethnic minority communities. Contemp Clin Trials. 2010;31:624-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Three communities matched on census tract information (crime, PA, ethnic minorities, and income) were randomized to receive either: an intervention that combines a police-..
  21. Gallagher N, Gretebeck K, Robinson J, Torres E, Murphy S, Martyn K. Neighborhood factors relevant for walking in older, urban, African American adults. J Aging Phys Act. 2010;18:99-115 pubmed
    ..salient factors that emerged included the presence of other people, neighborhood surroundings, and safety from crime, followed by sidewalk and traffic conditions, animals, public walking tracks and trails, and weather...
  22. Gao Y, Raine A, Venables P, Dawson M, Mednick S. Association of poor childhood fear conditioning and adult crime. Am J Psychiatry. 2010;167:56-60 pubmed publisher
    Amygdala dysfunction is theorized to give rise to poor fear conditioning, which in turn predisposes to crime, but it is not known whether poor conditioning precedes criminal offending...
  23. Booker R, Smith J, Rodger M. Packers, pushers and stuffers--managing patients with concealed drugs in UK emergency departments: a clinical and medicolegal review. Emerg Med J. 2009;26:316-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Guidance is given for doctors who are faced with requests from the authorities to perform intimate searches and diagnostic imaging for forensic purposes. ..
  24. Buchanan A, Zonana H. Mental disorder as the cause of a crime. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2009;32:142-6 pubmed publisher
    ..whether a mentally disordered offender's responsibility is reduced by asking whether his disorder caused the crime. Acceptance of this "causation by mental disorder" criterion has fluctuated, however...
  25. Elonheimo H, Sourander A, Niemela S, Nuutila A, Helenius H, Sillanmaki L, et al. Psychosocial correlates of police-registered youth crime. A Finnish population-based study. Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63:292-300 pubmed publisher
    This study is focused on psychosocial correlates of youth crime in a sample of 2330 Finnish boys born in 1981...
  26. Liu P, Yeung S, Crenshaw K, Crouse C, Scherer J, Mathies R. Real-time forensic DNA analysis at a crime scene using a portable microchip analyzer. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2008;2:301-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To critically evaluate the capabilities of our portable microsystem as well as its compatibility with crime scene investigation processes, real-time STR analyses were carried out at a mock crime scene prepared by the Palm ..
  27. Kozel F, Johnson K, Grenesko E, Laken S, Kose S, Lu X, et al. Functional MRI detection of deception after committing a mock sabotage crime. J Forensic Sci. 2009;54:220-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Healthy, nonmedicated adults were recruited from the community, screened, and randomized to either a Mock-crime group or a No-crime group...
  28. Giles Corti B, Wood G, Pikora T, Learnihan V, Bulsara M, Van Niel K, et al. School site and the potential to walk to school: the impact of street connectivity and traffic exposure in school neighborhoods. Health Place. 2011;17:545-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This highlights the importance of carefully considering school siting and, particularly, street design in school neighborhoods. ..
  29. Lorenc T, Clayton S, Neary D, Whitehead M, Petticrew M, Thomson H, et al. Crime, fear of crime, environment, and mental health and wellbeing: mapping review of theories and causal pathways. Health Place. 2012;18:757-65 pubmed publisher
    This paper presents the findings from a review of the theoretical and empirical literature on the links between crime and fear of crime, the social and built environment, and health and wellbeing...
  30. Oyeyemi A, Adegoke B, Sallis J, Oyeyemi A, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:294 pubmed publisher
    ..In a cross-sectional study, accelerometer-based physical activity (MVPA), reported walking, perceived crime and traffic safety were measured in 219 Nigerian adults...
  31. Havnes I, Bukten A, Gossop M, Waal H, Stangeland P, Clausen T. Reductions in convictions for violent crime during opioid maintenance treatment: a longitudinal national cohort study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012;124:307-10 pubmed publisher
    Although opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) has been found to reduce crime, less is known about its associations with violent crime...
  32. Wright M, Wintemute G, Webster D. Factors affecting a recently purchased handgun's risk for use in crime under circumstances that suggest gun trafficking. J Urban Health. 2010;87:352-64 pubmed publisher
    While many handguns are used in crime each year in the USA, most are not...
  33. Limbos M, Casteel C. Schools and neighborhoods: organizational and environmental factors associated with crime in secondary schools. J Sch Health. 2008;78:539-44; quiz 569-71 pubmed publisher
    While crime and violence in schools are derived primarily from factors external to schools, violent behavior may also be aggravated by factors in the school environment, including the physical environment, its educational and social ..
  34. Hartvig P, Kjelsberg E. Penrose's law revisited: the relationship between mental institution beds, prison population and crime rate. Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63:51-6 pubmed publisher
    ..the number of mental institution beds and prisoners in Norway during the years 1930-2004, along with major crime statistics for the same period...
  35. Baillargeon J, Binswanger I, Penn J, Williams B, Murray O. Psychiatric disorders and repeat incarcerations: the revolving prison door. Am J Psychiatry. 2009;166:103-9 pubmed publisher
  36. Batts S. Brain lesions and their implications in criminal responsibility. Behav Sci Law. 2009;27:261-72 pubmed publisher
  37. Fazel S, Långström N, Hjern A, Grann M, Lichtenstein P. Schizophrenia, substance abuse, and violent crime. JAMA. 2009;301:2016-23 pubmed publisher
    Persons with schizophrenia are thought to be at increased risk of committing violent crime 4 to 6 times the level of general population individuals without this disorder...
  38. Kinner S, George J, Campbell G, Degenhardt L. Crime, drugs and distress: patterns of drug use and harm among criminally involved injecting drug users in Australia. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2009;33:223-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Forty-three per cent of IDUs reported recent (past month) criminal activity. Those who had committed crime recently were younger, exhibited riskier patterns of drug use, reported more drug-related problems and were more ..
  39. Blonigen D. Explaining the relationship between age and crime: contributions from the developmental literature on personality. Clin Psychol Rev. 2010;30:89-100 pubmed publisher
    The robust link between age and crime has received considerable inquiry. However, the etiology of this association remains elusive...
  40. Petrie D, Doran C, Shakeshaft A, Sanson Fisher R. The relationship between risky alcohol consumption, crime and traffic accidents in Australian rural communities. Addict Behav. 2010;35:359-62 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the alcohol-attributable crime and traffic accidents for rural communities in Australia, controlling for potential bias...
  41. Paredes Solís S, Villegas Arrizón A, Ledogar R, Delabra Jardón V, Alvarez Chávez J, Legorreta Soberanis J, et al. Reducing corruption in a Mexican medical school: impact assessment across two cross-sectional surveys. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011;11 Suppl 2:S13 pubmed publisher
    ..Further actions will be necessary to tackle the continuing presence of bribery to pass examinations and for administrative procedures. The social audit helped to draw attention to corruption and to stimulate actions to tackle it. ..
  42. Tobe S, Linacre A. DNA typing in wildlife crime: recent developments in species identification. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2010;6:195-206 pubmed publisher
    ..This review details the steps required in DNA testing in wildlife crime investigations and highlights recent developments where not only can individual species be identified within a ..
  43. Brunovskis A, Surtees R. Untold stories: biases and selection effects in research with victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation. Int Migr. 2010;48:1-37 pubmed
  44. Peth J, Vossel G, Gamer M. Emotional arousal modulates the encoding of crime-related details and corresponding physiological responses in the Concealed Information Test. Psychophysiology. 2012;49:381-90 pubmed publisher
    Previous studies demonstrated that concealed crime-related memories can be validly identified using the Concealed Information Test (CIT)...
  45. Paredes Solís S, Andersson N, Ledogar R, Cockcroft A. Use of social audits to examine unofficial payments in government health services: experience in South Asia, Africa, and Europe. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011;11 Suppl 2:S12 pubmed publisher
    ..Patient dissatisfaction due to petty corruption may contribute to abandonment of government health services. The social audits informed plans for tackling corruption in health services. ..
  46. Ball K, Cleland V, Timperio A, Salmon J, Giles Corti B, Crawford D. Love thy neighbour? Associations of social capital and crime with physical activity amongst women. Soc Sci Med. 2010;71:807-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Neither neighbourhood crime against the person nor incivilities were associated with any form of physical activity...
  47. Fletcher J, Wolfe B. Long-term consequences of childhood ADHD on criminal activities. J Ment Health Policy Econ. 2009;12:119-38 pubmed
    ..evaluations to learn if such interventions are effective in reducing the probability that these children commit a crime. Development of such intervention programs and evaluating them for efficiency could be dollars well spent in terms ..
  48. Nahari G, Ben Shakhar G. Psychophysiological and behavioral measures for detecting concealed information: the role of memory for crime details. Psychophysiology. 2011;48:733-44 pubmed publisher
    This study examined the role of memory for crime details in detecting concealed information using the electrodermal measure, Symptom Validity Test, and Number Guessing Test...
  49. Fabio A, Tu L, Loeber R, COHEN J. Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and the shape of the age-crime curve. Am J Public Health. 2011;101 Suppl 1:S325-32 pubmed publisher
    We sought to better determine the way in which neighborhood disadvantage affects the shape of the age-crime curve...
  50. Jayaraj R, Thomas M, Thomson V, Griffin C, Mayo L, Whitty M, et al. High risk alcohol-related trauma among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in the Northern Territory. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2012;7:33 pubmed publisher
    ..This review focuses on alcohol-related trauma in the Territory and draws attention to an urgent need for preventative health approach to address this critical issue...
  51. Myant K, Sansom O. Wnt/Myc interactions in intestinal cancer: partners in crime. Exp Cell Res. 2011;317:2725-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, understanding these additional control mechanisms may allow targeting of c-MYC during colorectal carcinogenesis. ..
  52. Shareck M, Ellaway A. Neighbourhood crime and smoking: the role of objective and perceived crime measures. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:930 pubmed publisher
    ..relative contribution of objective (police-recorded) and subjective (resident-perceived) measures of neighbourhood crime on residents' smoking behaviours...
  53. Maercker A, Mohiyeddini C, Müller M, Xie W, Hui Yang Z, Wang J, et al. Traditional versus modern values, self-perceived interpersonal factors, and posttraumatic stress in Chinese and German crime victims. Psychol Psychother. 2009;82:219-32 pubmed publisher
    ..traditional). A cross-cultural comparison with Chinese and German crime victims included an assessment of value orientation according to Schwartz's theory (Schwartz, 1994) of personal ..