Summary: The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.

Top Publications

  1. de Albuquerque U, de Oliveira R. Is the use-impact on native caatinga species in Brazil reduced by the high species richness of medicinal plants?. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;113:156-70 pubmed
    ..Our model of utilitarian redundancy has important consequences for testing ethnobotanical hypotheses, as well as for indicating strategies for biodiversity conservation. ..
  2. Gertsch J. How scientific is the science in ethnopharmacology? Historical perspectives and epistemological problems. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;122:177-83 pubmed publisher
    ..level of self-criticism (-evaluation) in the interpretation of molecular pharmacological data published in ethnopharmacology-related journals...
  3. Khanam Z, Singh O, Singh R, Bhat I. Safed musli (Chlorophytum borivilianum): a review of its botany, ethnopharmacology and phytochemistry. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;150:421-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the present review summarizes comprehensive information on Chlorophytum borivilianum and possible scope for future research to fill the existing lacunae on its different aspects of the study. ..
  4. Benitez G, González Tejero M, Molero Mesa J. Pharmaceutical ethnobotany in the western part of Granada province (southern Spain): ethnopharmacological synthesis. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;129:87-105 pubmed publisher
    ..These traditions could pave the way for future phytochemical and pharmacological studies and thereby give rise to new medicinal resources. ..
  5. Tlili N, Elfalleh W, Saadaoui E, Khaldi A, Triki S, Nasri N. The caper (Capparis L.): ethnopharmacology, phytochemical and pharmacological properties. Fitoterapia. 2011;82:93-101 pubmed publisher
    ..The presented review summarizes information concerning the morphology, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and biological activities of caper plants.
  6. Mabona U, Viljoen A, Shikanga E, Marston A, van Vuuren S. Antimicrobial activity of southern African medicinal plants with dermatological relevance: From an ethnopharmacological screening approach, to combination studies and the isolation of a bioactive compound. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;148:45-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Noteworthy antimicrobial activities (MIC range between 2.00?g/ml and 16.00?g/ml) were observed for plumbagin isolated from Aristea ecklonii. ..
  7. Booker A, Johnston D, Heinrich M. Value chains of herbal medicines--research needs and key challenges in the context of ethnopharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:624-33 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest an analytical framework which can help in understanding value chains in the context of ethnopharmacology and can serve as a basis for addressing questions related to value chains and their relevance in ..
  8. Shang X, Pan H, Li M, Miao X, Ding H. Lonicera japonica Thunb.: ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and pharmacology of an important traditional Chinese medicine. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;138:1-21 pubmed publisher
    ..At the same time, Lonicera japonica could be used as healthy food, cosmetics, ornamental groundcover, and so on...
  9. Rajakumar N, Shivanna M. Ethno-medicinal application of plants in the eastern region of Shimoga District, Karnataka, India. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;126:64-73 pubmed publisher
    ..A high ICF and FL values indicated the possible occurrence of valuable bioactive compounds in certain plants and such of these plants need scientific evaluation for their pharmacological activities. ..

More Information


  1. Schwaiger S, Zeller I, Pölzelbauer P, Frotschnig S, Laufer G, Messner B, et al. Identification and pharmacological characterization of the anti-inflammatory principal of the leaves of dwarf elder (Sambucus ebulus L.). J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;133:704-9 pubmed publisher
    ..dwarf elder) in order to rationalize the traditional use of this plant for the treatment of chronically inflammatory diseases...
  2. Israili Z, Lyoussi B. Ethnopharmacology of the plants of genus Ajuga. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2009;22:425-62 pubmed
    ..Thus, genus Ajuga has significant medicinal and economic importance...
  3. Svetaz L, Zuljan F, Derita M, Petenatti E, Tamayo G, Caceres A, et al. Value of the ethnomedical information for the discovery of plants with antifungal properties. A survey among seven Latin American countries. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;127:137-58 pubmed publisher
  4. Heywood V. Ethnopharmacology, food production, nutrition and biodiversity conservation: towards a sustainable future for indigenous peoples. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;137:1-15 pubmed publisher
    It is becoming increasingly clear that ethnopharmacology cannot be disassociated from food production, human nutrition and the conservation of the biodiversity that constitutes its resource base...
  5. Cakilcioglu U, Khatun S, Turkoglu I, Hayta S. Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants in Maden (Elazig-Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;137:469-86 pubmed publisher
    ..It is tried to generate a source for persons studying in ethnobotany, pharmacology and chemistry sciences by comparing knowledge gained from traditionally used herbs with previous laboratory studies. ..
  6. Alzweiri M, Sarhan A, Mansi K, Hudaib M, Aburjai T. Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal herbs in Jordan, the Northern Badia region. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;137:27-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Diseases of kidney, gastrointestinal and respiratory systems as well as diabetes depicted the largest Fic values. Artemisia herba-alba possessed the highest UV value among the studied herbs. ..
  7. Bernard P, Scior T, Didier B, Hibert M, Berthon J. Ethnopharmacology and bioinformatic combination for leads discovery: application to phospholipase A(2) inhibitors. Phytochemistry. 2001;58:865-74 pubmed
    A program combining ethnopharmacology and bioinformatic approaches has successfully been applied on anti-inflammatory activity...
  8. Verpoorte R. Perspectives of ethnopharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:1-2 pubmed
  9. Moerman D. Agreement and meaning: rethinking consensus analysis. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;112:451-60 pubmed
    ..perspective on "informant agreement (consensus) analysis" as it is used in ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology. It recasts the concept at a higher cultural level, and it describes the cultural agreement about reported ..
  10. Houghton P, Howes M, Lee C, Steventon G. Uses and abuses of in vitro tests in ethnopharmacology: visualizing an elephant. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;110:391-400 pubmed
    ..In addition, consideration must be given to factors such as absorption into the body and metabolism of any substances present, either to decrease or increase the effect of the 'actives'. ..
  11. Rodrigues E. Plants of restricted use indicated by three cultures in Brazil (Caboclo-river dweller, Indian and Quilombola). J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;111:295-302 pubmed
    ..Anacardiaceae), Brosimum gaudichaudii Trécul (Moraceae), Senna alata (L.) Roxb. (Fabaceae), Senna occidentalis (L.) Link (Fabaceae), Strychnos pseudoquina A. St.-Hil. (Loganiaceae) and Vernonia brasiliana (L.) Druce (Asteraceae). ..
  12. Giday M, Teklehaymanot T, Animut A, Mekonnen Y. Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;110:516-25 pubmed
    ..Measures are needed to conserve plants that are reported as scarce in the study area but still are only harvested from the wild. ..
  13. Waldstein A. Mexican migrant ethnopharmacology: pharmacopoeia, classification of medicines and explanations of efficacy. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;108:299-310 pubmed
    ..Some of their descriptions of the actions of medicines are supported by the pharmacological literature, but ethnopharmacologists have not fully investigated all of the attributes that migrant women ascribe to them...
  14. Heinrich M, Kufer J, Leonti M, Pardo de Santayana M. Ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology--interdisciplinary links with the historical sciences. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;107:157-60 pubmed
    ..three disparate examples to highlight the relevance of historical methods in the context of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology. Unfortunately, in ethnopharmacology we have only very few examples where such historical depth is possible...
  15. Kostova I, Iossifova T. Chemical components of Fraxinus species. Fitoterapia. 2007;78:85-106 pubmed
    ..Some species find application in contemporary medicine. In the present review the literature data on the phytochemical and biological investigations on the genus Fraxinus are summarized up to the middle of 2004...
  16. Pieroni A. Medicinal plants and food medicines in the folk traditions of the upper Lucca Province, Italy. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000;70:235-73 pubmed
    ..Over 120 species represent the heritage of the local folk pharmacopoeia in upper Garfagnana. Anthropological and ethnopharmacological considerations of the collected data are also discussed. ..
  17. Di Stasi L, Oliveira G, Carvalhaes M, Queiroz M, Tien O, Kakinami S, et al. Medicinal plants popularly used in the Brazilian Tropical Atlantic Forest. Fitoterapia. 2002;73:69-91 pubmed
  18. Inngjerdingen K, Nergard C, Diallo D, Mounkoro P, Paulsen B. An ethnopharmacological survey of plants used for wound healing in Dogonland, Mali, West Africa. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;92:233-44 pubmed
    ..The most frequently used preparations are decoctions and powdered plant material. ..
  19. Soejarto D. Ethnographic component and organism documentation in an ethnopharmacology paper: a "minimum" standard. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:27-9 pubmed
    ..animals, specific contexts of use, preparation, dosage, route of administration) published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology (JEP) has not been consistently and fully provided in the past...
  20. Etkin N, Elisabetsky E. Seeking a transdisciplinary and culturally germane science: The future of ethnopharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:23-6 pubmed
    Publication of the 100th issue of the Journal of Ethnopharmacology offers a strategic juncture to reflect on what, intellectually and practically, substantiates ethnopharmacology as a domain of inquiry and what its future might be...
  21. Cordell G, Colvard M. Some thoughts on the future of ethnopharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:5-14 pubmed
    A discussion is offered of the future potential role of ethnopharmacology in global health care.
  22. Heinrich M, Gibbons S. Ethnopharmacology in drug discovery: an analysis of its role and potential contribution. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2001;53:425-32 pubmed
    ..and the further development of these phytotherapeutical resources for local use in the countries of origin (ethnopharmacology)...
  23. Lev E, Amar Z. Ethnopharmacological survey of traditional drugs sold in the Kingdom of Jordan. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002;82:131-45 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrate that there is still a flourishing and well-developed trade in these materials--a trade that is the remnant of a rich and ancient medical culture, which is disappearing from the modern world. ..
  24. Case R, Franzblau S, Wang Y, Cho S, Soejarto D, Pauli G. Ethnopharmacological evaluation of the informant consensus model on anti-tuberculosis claims among the Manus. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;106:82-9 pubmed
    ..This study evaluates use of this model through the analytical ethnopharmacology of Manus Province, Papua New Guinea (PNG)...
  25. Togola A, Diallo D, Dembélé S, Barsett H, Paulsen B. Ethnopharmacological survey of different uses of seven medicinal plants from Mali, (West Africa) in the regions Doila, Kolokani and Siby. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2005;1:7 pubmed
    ..The results of this study showed that people are still dependent on medicinal plants in these rural areas of Mali...
  26. Pieroni A, Quave C, Villanelli M, Mangino P, Sabbatini G, Santini L, et al. Ethnopharmacognostic survey on the natural ingredients used in folk cosmetics, cosmeceuticals and remedies for healing skin diseases in the inland Marches, Central-Eastern Italy. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;91:331-44 pubmed
  27. Gazzaneo L, de Lucena R, de Albuquerque U. Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by local specialists in an region of Atlantic Forest in the state of Pernambuco (Northeastern Brazil). J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2005;1:9 pubmed
    ..Despite these restrictions, the species with the highest use-value by this community was Pithecellobium cochliocarpum (Gomez) Macb., a native plant of the Atlantic Forest. ..
  28. Macía M, García E, Vidaurre P. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commercialized in the markets of La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;97:337-50 pubmed
    ..The present urban phytotherapy represents a medicinal alternative to treat main health problems and remains closer to the cultural and social context of this society. ..
  29. Zheng X, Xing F. Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants around Mt.Yinggeling, Hainan Island, China. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;124:197-210 pubmed publisher
    ..Yinggeling. There is a close relationship of medicinal plant traditions between Run and Qi. Further investigation is necessary to record this valuable knowledge before its disappearance. ..
  30. Nergard C, Diallo D, Michaelsen T, Malterud K, Kiyohara H, Matsumoto T, et al. Isolation, partial characterisation and immunomodulating activities of polysaccharides from Vernonia kotschyana Sch. Bip. ex Walp. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;91:141-52 pubmed
    ..Some activity was also observed on macrophages. The present study may provide additional support for the popular use of this plant to improve intestinal health...
  31. Everest A, Ozturk E. Focusing on the ethnobotanical uses of plants in Mersin and Adana provinces (Turkey). J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2005;1:6 pubmed
    ..68%), respiratory tract system disorders (10.43%), heart-blood circulatory system disorders (8.48%), urinary tract system disorders (7.70%), skin disorders (6.48%) and others. ..
  32. Loi M, Poli F, Sacchetti G, Selenu M, Ballero M. Ethnopharmacology of ogliastra (villagrande strisaili, sardinia, Italy). Fitoterapia. 2004;75:277-95 pubmed
    ..Seventeen plants had never been described as medicinal species in peninsular Italy, while a few others turn out to have an original use for Sardinia. ..
  33. Heinrich M, Edwards S, Moerman D, Leonti M. Ethnopharmacological field studies: a critical assessment of their conceptual basis and methods. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;124:1-17 pubmed
    b>Ethnopharmacology as a well-defined field has a relatively short history, but for centuries researchers have been interested in the observation, description, and experimental investigation of indigenous drugs and their biological ..
  34. Redzić S. The ecological aspect of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology of population in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Coll Antropol. 2007;31:869-90 pubmed
    ..But, it has been perceived that longer ethno therapeutic tradition possess inhabitants of sub- and Mediterranean areas, as well as inhabitants of the mountain areas of B&H, regardless their ethnicity. ..
  35. Leonti M, Vibrans H, Sticher O, Heinrich M. Ethnopharmacology of the Popoluca, Mexico: an evaluation. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2001;53:1653-69 pubmed
    ..This study is part of a series on the ethnopharmacology of various Macro-Mayan groups...
  36. Kisangau D, Lyaruu H, Hosea K, Joseph C. Use of traditional medicines in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Tanzania: a case in the Bukoba rural district. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2007;3:29 pubmed
  37. Pratchayasakul W, Pongchaidecha A, Chattipakorn N, Chattipakorn S. Ethnobotany & ethnopharmacology of Tabernaemontana divaricata. Indian J Med Res. 2008;127:317-35 pubmed
    ..This review presents the ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology of T...
  38. Ragupathy S, Steven N, Maruthakkutti M, Velusamy B, Ul Huda M. Consensus of the 'Malasars' traditional aboriginal knowledge of medicinal plants in the Velliangiri holy hills, India. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2008;4:8 pubmed publisher
  39. Soh P, Benoit Vical F. Are West African plants a source of future antimalarial drugs?. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;114:130-40 pubmed
    b>Ethnopharmacology is a very interesting resource in which new therapies may be discovered...
  40. Guarrera P, Salerno G, Caneva G. Folk phytotherapeutical plants from Maratea area (Basilicata, Italy). J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;99:367-78 pubmed
    ..graeca (coughs) and Ceterach officinarum (malaria), while in the ethnoveterinary field, we have Pteridium aquilinum (wolf bites) and Spartium junceum (fractures of animal limbs). ..
  41. Soejarto D, Fong H, Tan G, Zhang H, Ma C, Franzblau S, et al. Ethnobotany/ethnopharmacology and mass bioprospecting: issues on intellectual property and benefit-sharing. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:15-22 pubmed
    Ethnobotany/ethnopharmacology has contributed to the discovery of many important plant-derived drugs...
  42. Etkin N. Perspectives in ethnopharmacology: forging a closer link between bioscience and traditional empirical knowledge. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;76:177-82 pubmed
    To what extent do ethnopharmacologists from diverse disciplines share a vision of what ethnopharmacology is and what it might become? This question was explored several years ago through content analysis of the Journal of ..
  43. Pieroni A, Muenz H, Akbulut M, Baser K, Durmuşkahya C. Traditional phytotherapy and trans-cultural pharmacy among Turkish migrants living in Cologne, Germany. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;102:69-88 pubmed
    ..This article concludes by suggesting hypotheses on future changes affecting the knowledge and use of medicinal plants within the Turkish community of Cologne. ..
  44. Stepp J, Moerman D. The importance of weeds in ethnopharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;75:19-23 pubmed
    ..0001) than what would be predicted by the frequency of weed species in general. Explanations based on human ecology and biochemical ecology are presented. ..
  45. Patwardhan B. Ethnopharmacology and drug discovery. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:50-2 pubmed
    b>Ethnopharmacology and natural product drug discovery remains a significant hope in the current target-rich, lead-poor scenario. Many modern drugs have origin in traditional medicine and ethnopharmacology...
  46. Lev E, Amar Z. Ethnopharmacological survey of traditional drugs sold in Israel at the end of the 20th century. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000;72:191-205 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrate that there is still a flourishing and well developed trade in these materials - a trade which is the remnant of a rich and ancient medical culture, which is disappearing from the modern world. ..
  47. Weniger B, Robledo S, Arango G, Deharo E, Aragon R, Munoz V, et al. Antiprotozoal activities of Colombian plants. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;78:193-200 pubmed
    ..scoparioides showed a selectivity index in the same range that the one of the Glucantime control. Several of the active leishmanicidal plants are traditionally used against leishmaniasis by the population of the concerned area. ..
  48. Hudaib M, Mohammad M, Bustanji Y, Tayyem R, Yousef M, Abuirjeie M, et al. Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants in Jordan, Mujib Nature Reserve and surrounding area. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;120:63-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Anthropologically, women were the primary gatherers while healers were reported to be both females, predominantly, and males; yet, herbalists are deficient in this local community. ..
  49. Akerreta S, Cavero R, Calvo M. First comprehensive contribution to medical ethnobotany of Western Pyrenees. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2007;3:26 pubmed
    ..of the German Department of Health) in order to ascertain the extent to which the Navarre Pyrenees ethnopharmacology has been officially evaluated. Fieldwork was carried out over two years, from November 2004 to December 2006...
  50. Edwards S, Nebel S, Heinrich M. Questionnaire surveys: methodological and epistemological problems for field-based ethnopharmacologists. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:30-6 pubmed
    ..One of the favoured means of gathering quantitative data in the health and social sciences, including ethnopharmacology and medical ethnobotany, is by use of questionnaires...
  51. Tse W, Che C, Liu K, Lin Z. Evaluation of the anti-proliferative properties of selected psoriasis-treating Chinese medicines on cultured HaCaT cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;108:133-41 pubmed
    ..4 microg/ml, respectively as measured by MTT assay. While Realgar was also able to modestly inhibit the growth of Hs-68 cells in vitro, Rubia cordifolia and Coptis chinensis did not exert cytotoxicity to this human fibroblast cell line. ..
  52. Jäger A. Is traditional medicine better off 25 years later?. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:3-4 pubmed
  53. Kim H. Do not put too much value on conventional medicines. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:37-9 pubmed
    ..As a new emerging field in ethnopharmacology, treatment guidelines and evidence-based evaluation guidelines for ethnoergogenics, and protection ..