Summary: The expected and characteristic pattern of behavior exhibited by an individual as a member of a particular social group.

Top Publications

  1. Bismark M, Walter S, Studdert D. The role of boards in clinical governance: activities and attitudes among members of public health service boards in Victoria. Aust Health Rev. 2013;37:682-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the extent of engagement is uneven across boards, certain knowledge deficits are evident and there was wide agreement among board members that further training in quality-related issues would be useful. ..
  2. McKenna K, Liddle J, Brown A, Lee K, Gustafsson L. Comparison of time use, role participation and life satisfaction of older people after stroke with a sample without stroke. Aust Occup Ther J. 2009;56:177-88 pubmed publisher
    This study investigated the time use, role participation and life satisfaction of older Australians (aged 65 years and older) who were 1-3 years post-stroke and living in the community...
  3. Gignac M, Backman C, Davis A, Lacaille D, Cao X, Badley E. Social role participation and the life course in healthy adults and individuals with osteoarthritis: are we overlooking the impact on the middle-aged?. Soc Sci Med. 2013;81:87-93 pubmed publisher
    Little is known about life course differences in social role participation among those with chronic diseases. This study examined role salience (i.e...
  4. Healy N, Glynn R, Malone C, Cantillon P, Kerin M. Surgical mentors and role models: prevalence, importance and associated traits. J Surg Educ. 2012;69:633-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Role models and mentors play an important part in attracting undergraduates into various medical specialties. However, little is known about the part played by role models and mentors in the context of surgery...
  5. Ockerby C, Livingston P, O Connell B, Gaskin C. The role of informal caregivers during cancer patients' recovery from chemotherapy. Scand J Caring Sci. 2013;27:147-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Understanding the needs of patients following chemotherapy would enable health professionals to advise patients, with or without caregivers, how to best prepare for and manage their recovery at home. ..
  6. Nathan S, Johnston L, Braithwaite J. The role of community representatives on health service committees: staff expectations vs. reality. Health Expect. 2011;14:272-84 pubmed publisher
    ..However, staff expectations about the community's role on committees do not match the reality they say they observe and less than half the staff thought the community and ..
  7. Lencucha R, Kothari A, Labonte R. The role of non-governmental organizations in global health diplomacy: negotiating the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Health Policy Plan. 2011;26:405-12 pubmed publisher
    ..2007a: 972). ..
  8. Vardavas C, Dimitrakaki C, Schoretsaniti S, Patelarou E, Filippidis F, Connolly G, et al. The role of the non-smoker in enforcing smoke-free laws. J Public Health Policy. 2011;32:46-59 pubmed publisher
    Compliance with laws making certain environments smoke free has focused mainly on smokers' behavior, while the role of non-smokers has scarcely been investigated...
  9. Hansen H, Draborg E, Kristensen F. Exploring qualitative research synthesis: the role of patients' perspectives in health policy design and decision making. Patient. 2011;4:143-52 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Antón C. The impact of role stress on workers' behaviour through job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Int J Psychol. 2009;44:187-94 pubmed publisher
    Dysfunctions in role performance have been associated with a large number of consequences, almost always negative, which affect the well-being of workers and the functioning of organizations...
  2. Lacan M, Keyser C, Ricaut F, Brucato N, Tarrús J, Bosch A, et al. Ancient DNA suggests the leading role played by men in the Neolithic dissemination. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:18255-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The high frequency of G2a in Neolithic samples in western Europe could suggest, furthermore, that the role of men during Neolithic dispersal could be greater than currently estimated.
  3. Quinn C, Clare L, Woods R. What predicts whether caregivers of people with dementia find meaning in their role?. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2012;27:1195-202 pubmed publisher
    ..The questionnaire contained measures of meaning, relationship quality, caregivers' motivations to provide care, role captivity and caregiving competence...
  4. Crockett L, Beal S. The life course in the making: gender and the development of adolescents' expected timing of adult role transitions. Dev Psychol. 2012;48:1727-38 pubmed publisher
    Adolescents' expectations about the timing of adult role transitions have the potential to shape their actual transitions, setting the stage for their adult lives...
  5. Budych K, Helms T, Schultz C. How do patients with rare diseases experience the medical encounter? Exploring role behavior and its impact on patient-physician interaction. Health Policy. 2012;105:154-64 pubmed publisher
    ..develop an empirically derived typology of interaction patterns and to explore the antecedents of these interaction patterns, with a special focus on role behavior. Building on these results, implications for health care policy are made.
  6. Wang S. Nursing home placement of older parents: an exploration of adult children's role and responsibilities. Contemp Nurse. 2011;37:197-203 pubmed publisher
    ..It aimed to investigate how the roles and responsibilities of adult children of nursing home residents are changing. It involved aged care facility residents, their families and professional carers. ..
  7. Golebski K, Röschmann K, Toppila Salmi S, Hammad H, Lambrecht B, Renkonen R, et al. The multi-faceted role of allergen exposure to the local airway mucosa. Allergy. 2013;68:152-60 pubmed publisher
    ..This review presents the dual role of epithelium acting as a passive and active barrier when encountering an inhaled allergen and how this double role ..
  8. Camargo A, Barros Filho A, Antonio M, Giglio J. [The non perception of obesity can be an obstacle to the role of mothers in taking care of their children]. Cien Saude Colet. 2013;18:323-33 pubmed
    The goal of this study is to review articles in the scientific literature investigating the role of mothers, fathers and relatives in the treatment of obesity of their children...
  9. Negoro H, Kanematsu A, Yoshimura K, Ogawa O. Chronobiology of micturition: putative role of the circadian clock. J Urol. 2013;190:843-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The discoveries reviewed point toward further investigation of the micturition rhythm by basic and translational chronobiology. ..
  10. Friebely J, Rigotti N, Chang Y, Hall N, Weiley V, Dempsey J, et al. Parent smoker role conflict and planning to quit smoking: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:164 pubmed publisher
    b>Role conflict can motivate behavior change. No prior studies have explored the association between parent/smoker role conflict and readiness to quit...
  11. Hughes N, Locock L, Ziebland S. Personal identity and the role of 'carer' among relatives and friends of people with multiple sclerosis. Soc Sci Med. 2013;96:78-85 pubmed publisher
    ..illuminated variation in peoples' perceptions of themselves as carers, suggesting that self-identification with the role and label of carer is nuanced, shifting and variable...
  12. Stute M, Hurwood A, Hulcombe J, Kuipers P. Defining the role and scope of practice of allied health assistants within Queensland public health services. Aust Health Rev. 2013;37:602-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on a review of literature, existing role descriptions and focus groups, a Delphi survey process was undertaken...
  13. Swift D, Johannsen N, Lavie C, Earnest C, Church T. The role of exercise and physical activity in weight loss and maintenance. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2014;56:441-7 pubmed publisher
    This review explores the role of physical activity (PA) and exercise training (ET) in the prevention of weight gain, initial weight loss, weight maintenance, and the obesity paradox...
  14. Staff J, Schulenberg J, Maslowsky J, Bachman J, O Malley P, Maggs J, et al. Substance use changes and social role transitions: proximal developmental effects on ongoing trajectories from late adolescence through early adulthood. Dev Psychopathol. 2010;22:917-32 pubmed publisher
    ..This time in the life course is also dense with social role changes, as role changes provide dynamic context for individual developmental change...
  15. Hubbard G, Illingworth N, Rowa Dewar N, Forbat L, Kearney N. Treatment decision-making in cancer care: the role of the carer. J Clin Nurs. 2010;19:2023-31 pubmed publisher
    This study explores the role of the carer in treatment decision-making in cancer care. Literature about involvement in treatment decision-making tends to focus on patients and clinicians, with the carer rarely included...
  16. Schneider G, Jull G, Thomas K, Salo P. Screening of patients suitable for diagnostic cervical facet joint blocks--a role for physiotherapists. Man Ther. 2012;17:180-3 pubmed publisher
    ..It is proposed that the development and validation of a CPG may aid in the appropriate selection of patients for this diagnostic procedure. ..
  17. de Vries H, Eggers S, Bolman C. The role of action planning and plan enactment for smoking cessation. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:393 pubmed publisher
    Several studies have reemphasized the role of action planning. Yet, little attention has been paid to the role of plan enactment...
  18. Yilmaz A, Ferreira V, Klingel K, Kandolf R, Neubauer S, Sechtem U. Role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in the diagnosis of acute and chronic myocarditis. Heart Fail Rev. 2013;18:747-60 pubmed publisher
    ..This review will focus on the 'clinical role' of CMR in the diagnosis of acute and chronic myocarditis.
  19. Argentzell E, Eklund M. Perceptions of the worker role among people with psychiatric disabilities: description and investigation of associated factors. Work. 2013;45:289-98 pubmed publisher
    ..clinical factors were related to how unemployed people with psychiatric disabilities (PD) envision a future worker role, also controlling for socio-demographic variables. 175 people with PD; 93 attended a day centre and 82 did not...
  20. Caeymaex L, Jousselme C, Vasilescu C, Danan C, Falissard B, Bourrat M, et al. Perceived role in end-of-life decision making in the NICU affects long-term parental grief response. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2013;98:F26-31 pubmed publisher
    ..51, p=0.01). In decisions to forego life-sustaining treatment in the NICU, the perception of a shared decision is associated in the long term with lower grief scores than perceptions of the other types of DM. ..
  21. Ortiz Barreda G, Vives Cases C. [Violence against women: the role of the health sector in international legislation]. Gac Sanit. 2012;26:483-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Greater utilization of the potential of this sector is required in interventions to prevent violence against women. ..
  22. Peckham S, Hann A, Boyce T. Health promotion and ill-health prevention: the role of general practice. Qual Prim Care. 2011;19:317-23 pubmed
    ..research undertaken for the King's Fund inquiry into quality in general practice and examines the health promotion role of the general practitioner...
  23. Cornblatt B, Carrión R, Addington J, Seidman L, Walker E, CANNON T, et al. Risk factors for psychosis: impaired social and role functioning. Schizophr Bull. 2012;38:1247-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Impaired social and role functioning have been of interest for reflecting poor outcome but far less is known about the developmental impact ..
  24. Gignac M, Backman C, Kaptein S, Lacaille D, Beaton D, Hofstetter C, et al. Tension at the borders: perceptions of role overload, conflict, strain and facilitation in work, family and health roles among employed individuals with arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2012;51:324-32 pubmed publisher
    ..arthritis (A), work (W) and personal life (P) roles and their reciprocal influences, especially experiences of role balance/imbalance among individuals with inflammatory arthritis (IA) and OA...
  25. Gosney J, Reinhardt J, Haig A, Li J. Developing post-disaster physical rehabilitation: role of the World Health Organization Liaison Sub-Committee on Rehabilitation Disaster Relief of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. J Rehabil Med. 2011;43:965-8 pubmed publisher
    This special report presents the role of the World Health Organization (WHO) Liaison Sub-Committee on Rehabilitation Disaster Relief (CRDR) of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) in developing an ..
  26. Davis A, Palaganas M, Badley E, Gladman D, Inman R, Gignac M. Measuring participation in people with spondyloarthritis using the social role participation questionnaire. Ann Rheum Dis. 2011;70:1765-9 pubmed publisher
    ..a reliable and valid standardised measure, and this study evaluates these measurement properties of the Social Role Participation Questionnaire (SRPQ)...
  27. Kelly B, Baur L, Bauman A, Smith B, Saleh S, King L, et al. Role modelling unhealthy behaviours: food and drink sponsorship of peak sporting organisations. Health Promot J Austr. 2011;22:72-5 pubmed
    Organised sport provides an important setting for health promotion. Peak sporting organisations have a role in assisting and overseeing sports clubs, including providing funding opportunities...
  28. Poirier P. The impact of fatigue on role functioning during radiation therapy. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2011;38:457-65 pubmed publisher
    To identify the impact of fatigue, site-specific side effects, and individual characteristics on role activities during radiation therapy. Secondary data analysis...
  29. Lalonde A, Menendez H, Perron L. The role of health professional associations in the promotion of global women's health. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010;19:2133-7 pubmed publisher
  30. Drake J, Hutchings J, Elias C. Making evidence work for communities: the role of nongovernmental organizations in translating science to programs. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010;19:2119-24 pubmed publisher
    ..A key role for nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in evidence-informed public health is to use and expand on research to ..
  31. Ranmuthugala G, Cunningham F, Plumb J, Long J, Georgiou A, Westbrook J, et al. A realist evaluation of the role of communities of practice in changing healthcare practice. Implement Sci. 2011;6:49 pubmed publisher the context in which an intervention is implemented, a realist evaluation is well suited to understand the role of CoPs in improving healthcare practice...
  32. Carrión R, Goldberg T, McLaughlin D, Auther A, Correll C, Cornblatt B. Impact of neurocognition on social and role functioning in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis. Am J Psychiatry. 2011;168:806-13 pubmed publisher
    ..cognitive impairment in adolescents at clinical high risk for psychosis and examined its impact on social and role functioning...
  33. Yende S, Milbrandt E, Kellum J, Kong L, Delude R, Weissfeld L, et al. Understanding the potential role of statins in pneumonia and sepsis. Crit Care Med. 2011;39:1871-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We found no evidence of a protective effect for statin use on clinical outcomes and only modest differences in circulating biomarkers in community-acquired pneumonia, perhaps as a result of healthy user effects and indication bias. ..
  34. Wan M, Sharp D, Howard L, Abel K. Attitudes and adjustment to the parental role in mothers following treatment for postnatal depression. J Affect Disord. 2011;131:284-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Provision of treatment choice and early antidepressant treatment are suggested for optimising maternal attitudes and adjustment. ..
  35. Parveen S, Morrison V, Robinson C. Ethnic variations in the caregiver role: a qualitative study. J Health Psychol. 2011;16:862-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Differences and similarities between motivations for role adoption, willingness to care, experience of role, adaptation to role, coping, use of and satisfaction with support ..
  36. Gibson L, Byrne S, Davis E, Blair E, Jacoby P, Zubrick S. The role of family and maternal factors in childhood obesity. Med J Aust. 2007;186:591-5 pubmed
    ..However, having an overweight mother and a single-parent (single-mother) family increases the likelihood of a child being overweight or obese. ..
  37. Väänänen A, Kalimo R, Toppinen Tanner S, Mutanen P, Peiró J, Kivimaki M, et al. Role clarity, fairness, and organizational climate as predictors of sickness absence: a prospective study in the private sector. Scand J Public Health. 2004;32:426-34 pubmed
    ..In white-collar men, low role clarity was associated with a 3.0 (95% CI 1.3-7.1) times greater rate of very long absences than high role clarity...
  38. Broman C, Reckase M, Freedman Doan C. The role of parenting in drug use among black, Latino and white adolescents. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2006;5:39-50 pubmed
    This study investigates the role of parenting in adolescent drug use for black, white and Latino adolescents. Parenting has been consistently identified as a crucial factor in drug use by adolescents...
  39. Warr P, Butcher V, Robertson I, Callinan M. Older people's well-being as a function of employment, retirement, environmental characteristics and role preference. Br J Psychol. 2004;95:297-324 pubmed
    ..50 and 74 were examined as a function of characteristics of their environment and the degree to which their current role was personally preferred. Early-retired and late-employed individuals had particularly high affective well-being...
  40. Betancourt J. Eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in health care: what is the role of academic medicine?. Acad Med. 2006;81:788-92 pubmed
    ..Academic medicine must make the elimination of health care disparities a critical part of its mission, and provide national leadership by identifying quality improvement innovations and creating disparities solutions. ..
  41. Dunn C, Pirie P, Hellerstedt W. The advice-giving role of female friends and relatives during pregnancy. Health Educ Res. 2003;18:352-62 pubmed
    ..This study examines the advice-giving role of close female friends and relatives ('confidantes') during pregnancy, and assesses the utility of including them ..
  42. Cruess S, Cruess R, Steinert Y. Role modelling--making the most of a powerful teaching strategy. BMJ. 2008;336:718-21 pubmed publisher
  43. Toker A, Urkin J, Bloch Y. Role of a medical students' association in improving the curriculum at a faculty of health sciences. Med Teach. 2002;24:634-6 pubmed
  44. Harris S, Morley S, Barton S. Role loss and emotional adjustment in chronic pain. Pain. 2003;105:363-70 pubmed
    ..We tested whether loss of role and personal attributes and current and past self-concept differentiation, predicted adjustment as indexed by ..
  45. Goodreau S, Goicochea L, Sanchez J. Sexual role and transmission of HIV Type 1 among men who have sex with men, in Peru. J Infect Dis. 2005;191 Suppl 1:S147-58 pubmed
    In Latin America, men who have sex with men (MSM) have traditionally practiced role segregation--that is, the adoption of a fixed role (insertive or receptive) rather than a versatile role (both practices) during anal sex...
  46. Ngai F, Chan S, IP W. The effects of a childbirth psychoeducation program on learned resourcefulness, maternal role competence and perinatal depression: a quasi-experiment. Int J Nurs Stud. 2009;46:1298-306 pubmed publisher
    Learned resourcefulness plays a significant role in facilitating maternal coping during the transition to motherhood...
  47. Ferguson T. Continuous quality improvement in medicine: validation of a potential role for medical specialty societies. Am Heart Hosp J. 2003;1:264-72 pubmed
    ..This Society CQI Platform is a potential model for large-scale quality improvement efforts across all disciplines of medicine. ..
  48. Björkman I, Bernsten C, Schmidt I, Holmstrom I. The role of drug and therapeutics committees. Int J Health Care Qual Assur Inc Leadersh Health Serv. 2005;18:235-48 pubmed
    ..This study aimed to explore how chairs conceived the role of the DTCs, to explore how information officers conceived their own role, and to determine whether the respondents ..
  49. Barry C. The role of evidence in alternative medicine: contrasting biomedical and anthropological approaches. Soc Sci Med. 2006;62:2646-57 pubmed
  50. Meiser Stedman R, Yule W, Dalgleish T, Smith P, Glucksman E. The role of the family in child and adolescent posttraumatic stress following attendance at an emergency department. J Pediatr Psychol. 2006;31:397-402 pubmed
    To evaluate the role of family factors in posttraumatic stress symptomatology (PTSS) in children and adolescents who have attended an emergency department following assaults or motor vehicle accident...
  51. Ashley M, Victor J, Brewster J. Pharmacists' attitudes, role perceptions and interventions regarding smoking cessation: findings from four Canadian provinces. Chronic Dis Can. 2007;28:20-8 pubmed
    ..Consistent inter-provincial patterns of differences in attitudes, role perceptions and interventions were not found...
  52. Lankford M, Zembower T, Trick W, Hacek D, Noskin G, Peterson L. Influence of role models and hospital design on hand hygiene of healthcare workers. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9:217-23 pubmed
    We assessed the effect of medical staff role models and the number of health-care worker sinks on hand-hygiene compliance before and after construction of a new hospital designed for increased access to handwashing sinks...
  53. Morawska A, Winter L, Sanders M. Parenting knowledge and its role in the prediction of dysfunctional parenting and disruptive child behaviour. Child Care Health Dev. 2009;35:217-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Results are interpreted in relation to inconsistencies with previous research and implications for future methodologies. ..