behavioral sciences


Summary: Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.

Top Publications

  1. Gintis H. A framework for the unification of the behavioral sciences. Behav Brain Sci. 2007;30:1-16; discussion 16-61 pubmed
    ..quot; The mind as a decision-making organ then becomes the organizing principle of psychology. ..
  2. Elliott E, Kiel L. Agent-based modeling in the social and behavioral sciences. Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol Life Sci. 2004;8:121-30 pubmed
  3. García Pérez M. The Hirsch h index in a non-mainstream area: methodology of the behavioral sciences in Spain. Span J Psychol. 2009;12:833-49 pubmed
    ..exhaustive computation and analysis of h indices for 204 faculty members in the area of Methodology of the Behavioral Sciences in Spain, an area where h indices tend to be low worldwide...
  4. MacDonald P. Francis Bacon's behavioral psychology. J Hist Behav Sci. 2007;43:285-303 pubmed
  5. Mechan A, Wyss A, Rieger H, Mohajeri M. A comparison of learning and memory characteristics of young and middle-aged wild-type mice in the IntelliCage. J Neurosci Methods. 2009;180:43-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the data reported here represent a step towards optimised cognitive test protocols when comparing young and middle-aged mice. ..
  6. Alferes V, Kenny D. SPSS programs for the measurement of nonindependence in standard dyadic designs. Behav Res Methods. 2009;41:47-54 pubmed publisher
    Dyadic research is becoming more common in the social and behavioral sciences. The most common dyadic design is one in which two persons are measured on the same set of variables...
  7. Johnson S. Recommendations for research success: one investigator's perspective. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2008;15:54-9 pubmed publisher
  8. Johnston M, O Carroll R, Hart J, McGee H. 'Experiencing the evidence' in behavioural sciences increases self-efficacy. Med Educ. 2004;38:563-4 pubmed
  9. Henriques G. Toward a useful mass movement. J Clin Psychol. 2005;61:121-39 pubmed

More Information


  1. Micheloni C, Piciarelli C, Foresti G. How a visual surveillance system hypothesizes how you behave. Behav Res Methods. 2006;38:447-55 pubmed
    ..The provided solution for hypothesizing behaviors occurring in real environments was tested in the context of an outdoor parking lot ..
  2. Arciniegas D, Kaufer D. Core curriculum for training in behavioral neurology and neuropsychiatry. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006;18:6-13 pubmed
    ..Finally, a core curriculum for fellowship training in Behavioral Neurology & Neuropsychiatry developed by SBCN and the ANPA is presented. ..
  3. Veldhuijzen W, Ram P, van der Weijden T, Niemantsverdriet S, van der Vleuten C. Characteristics of communication guidelines that facilitate or impede guideline use: a focus group study. BMC Fam Pract. 2007;8:31 pubmed
    ..User centred and feasible guidelines should combine the advantages of helping doctors to structure consultations with flexibility to tailor communication strategies to specific contexts and situations. ..
  4. Savoy R. Experimental design in brain activation MRI: cautionary tales. Brain Res Bull. 2005;67:361-7 pubmed
    ..As well as demanding exceptional care in maintaining the quality of one's own research, this makes the universal problem of evaluating other peoples' research particularly challenging. ..
  5. Ingersoll K, Van Zyl C, Cropsey K. Publishing HIV/AIDS behavioural science reports: An author's guide. AIDS Care. 2006;18:674-80 pubmed
    ..The variety of publication outlets available to authors of HIV/AIDS behavioral science studies creates ample opportunity for dissemination, as well as challenge for readers in discerning the quality of published work. ..
  6. Manios Y, Yiannakouris N, Papoutsakis C, Moschonis G, Magkos F, Skenderi K, et al. Behavioral and physiological indices related to BMI in a cohort of primary schoolchildren in Greece. Am J Hum Biol. 2004;16:639-47 pubmed
    ..Among the behavioral parameters known to affect BMI, those found to exert a significant effect were organized physical activities, cardiorespiratory fitness, and TV watching, but not energy or fat intake. ..
  7. Shinn M, VanDevanter N, Bleakley A, Niang K, Perl S, Cohen N. Use of social and behavioral sciences by public health departments in major cities. J Urban Health. 2003;80:616-24 pubmed
    ..Commissioners generally found the approaches valuable, but articulated barriers to more widespread adoption. ..
  8. Pedersen C, Goetghebeur P, Dias R. Chronic infusion of PCP via osmotic mini-pumps: a new rodent model of cognitive deficit in schizophrenia characterized by impaired attentional set-shifting (ID/ED) performance. J Neurosci Methods. 2009;185:66-9 pubmed publisher
  9. Sokolowski M, Abramson C. From foraging to operant conditioning: a new computer-controlled Skinner box to study free-flying nectar gathering behavior in bees. J Neurosci Methods. 2010;188:235-42 pubmed publisher
    ..These data show large individual variations among subjects across several dependent variables. Finally, we discuss possible applications of our device to problems in behavioral sciences.
  10. Hemerik L, Bukovinszky T, Gols R, van Lenteren J, Vet L. Enter the matrix: how to analyze the structure of behavior. Behav Res Methods. 2006;38:357-63 pubmed
    ..We stress the importance of such a combined stepwise analysis for detecting differences in some parts of event log files. ..
  11. Chur Hansen A, Carr J, Bundy C, Sanchez Sosa J, Tapanya S, Wahass S. An international perspective on behavioral science education in medical schools. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2008;15:45-53 pubmed publisher
    The behavioral sciences are taught in medical curricula around the world...
  12. Nyamathi A. Vision for nursing research over the next half decade. Commun Nurs Res. 2007;40:73-80 pubmed
  13. Yurevich A. Has 60 years of research in psychology really gone astray?. Integr Psychol Behav Sci. 2007;41:21-7; discussion 75-82 pubmed
  14. File S, Lippa A, Beer B, Lippa M. Animal tests of anxiety. Curr Protoc Neurosci. 2004;Chapter 8:Unit 8.3 pubmed publisher
    ..The protocols are described in terms of drug screening tests, but can be modified easily for other purposes. ..
  15. Leiva D, Solanas A, Salafranca L. Testing reciprocity in social interactions: a comparison between the directional consistency and skew-symmetry statistics. Behav Res Methods. 2008;40:626-34 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, this study will enable researchers to choose the optimal observational conditions for carrying out their research, since the power of the statistical tests has been estimated. ..
  16. Sheu C. Regression analysis of correlated binary outcomes. Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput. 2000;32:269-73 pubmed
    ..A fictitious example is used to demonstrate that GEE regression correctly adjusts for the correlations between repeated binary observations. The approach is illustrated with an analysis of safer sex practices among high-risk teenagers. ..
  17. Young A, Rees T. Medical anthropology enters the 21st century. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2011;199:592-6 pubmed publisher
    Medical anthropology is the smallest and perhaps least understood of the social and behavioral sciences of medicine...
  18. O Connell M, Gill D, Artar A, Jones A, Vargas T. Student voices: perspectives on behavioral health education. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2002;29:421-34 pubmed
    ..In a series of personal narratives, these individuals present their views on the conference, on education and training, and on the behavioral health field in general. ..
  19. Rennaker R, Ruyle A, Street S, Sloan A. An economical multi-channel cortical electrode array for extended periods of recording during behavior. J Neurosci Methods. 2005;142:97-105 pubmed
    ..9+/-0.2. Of the 154 channels implanted, 130 exhibited driven activity following surgery. Forty percent of the arrays continued to exhibit driven neural activity at 6 weeks. ..
  20. Justo L. Doctors, interrogation, and torture. BMJ. 2006;332:1462-3 pubmed
  21. Tucker J, Roth D. Extending the evidence hierarchy to enhance evidence-based practice for substance use disorders. Addiction. 2006;101:918-32 pubmed
    ..Benefits of evidentiary pluralism for advancing an interdisciplinary approach to research and practice are considered. ..
  22. Taylor A. Behavioural science and outer space research. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1989;60:815-6 pubmed
  23. Gureje O. Research for clinical practice: focusing on the link. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2007;19:469-71 pubmed
  24. Miller J, Penfield R. Using the score method to construct asymmetric confidence intervals: an SAS program for content validation in scale development. Behav Res Methods. 2005;37:450-2 pubmed
    ..SAS code is provided to automate the computations, and a discussion of two methods for using the obtained results for content validation decision-making follows. ..
  25. Blalock S. The theoretical basis for practice-relevant medication use research: patient-centered/behavioral theories. Res Social Adm Pharm. 2011;7:317-29 pubmed publisher
    ..The quality of research on medication use could be improved by development of an ecological model specific to medication self-management. ..
  26. Stoneking B, McGuffin B. A review of the constructs, curriculum and training data from a workforce development program for recovery support specialists. Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2007;31:97-106 pubmed
    ..Trainees rated their knowledge, skills and attitudes as improved after training. Supervisor ratings of participants after three months of employment are consistent with the participant's self-ratings. ..
  27. O Connor E, Stephens D, Crombag H. Modeling appetitive Pavlovian-instrumental interactions in mice. Curr Protoc Neurosci. 2010;Chapter 8:Unit 8.25 pubmed publisher
  28. Sarkar A, Dutta A, Dhingra U, Dhingra P, Verma P, Juyal R, et al. Development and use of behavior and social interaction software installed on Palm handheld for observation of a child's social interactions with the environment. Behav Res Methods. 2006;38:407-15 pubmed
    ..Thus, this tool provides an innovative and relatively accurate method for the systematic recording of social interactions in an unrestricted environment. ..
  29. Thomann B. Observation and judgment in psychology: assessing agreement among markings of behavioral events. Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput. 2001;33:339-48 pubmed
    ..A significance concept is proposed to allow comparison of different configurations, and standardization on the basis of random configurations is performed using Monte Carlo simulations. ..
  30. Broedel Zaugg K, Buring S, Shankar N, Soltis R, Stamatakis M, Zaiken K, et al. Academic pharmacy administrators' perceptions of core requirements for entry into professional pharmacy programs. Am J Pharm Educ. 2008;72:52 pubmed
    ..Although requirements for preprofessional admission have been changing, there is no consistent agreement on the content or length of the preprofessional program. ..
  31. Nomura T, Kouta M, Shigemori K, Yoshimoto Y, Sato A. [Review of the approach to exercise behavior modification from the viewpoint of preventive medicine]. Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. 2008;63:617-27 pubmed
    ..In the future, further studies with a many lines of evidence should be performed, and approaches based on behavioral science should be established. ..
  32. Bulté I, Onghena P. An R package for single-case randomization tests. Behav Res Methods. 2008;40:467-78 pubmed
    ..The R code is presented in a step-by-step way, which at the same time clarifies the rationale behind single-case randomization tests. ..
  33. Peterson R. The neuroscience of investing: fMRI of the reward system. Brain Res Bull. 2005;67:391-7 pubmed
    ..We attempt to understand selected "irrational" investor behaviors and anomalous financial market price patterns through correlations with findings from fMRI research of the reward system. ..
  34. Gächter S. (Dis)advantages of student subjects: what is your research question?. Behav Brain Sci. 2010;33:92-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Student subject pools can provide an invaluable benchmark for investigating generalizability across different social groups or cultures. ..
  35. Sato T, Watanabe Y, Omi Y. Beyond dichotomy--towards creative synthesis. Integr Psychol Behav Sci. 2007;41:50-9; discussion 75-82 pubmed
    ..To us this direction constitutes an updated version of the German-Austrian methodology exactly as Toomela suggests. ..
  36. Marion M, Schover L. Behavioral science and the task of resolving health disparities in cancer. J Cancer Educ. 2006;21:S80-6 pubmed
  37. Woolard J, Fondacaro M, Slobogin C. Informing juvenile justice policy: directions for behavioral science research. Law Hum Behav. 2001;25:13-24 pubmed
    ..These include refining outcome criteria and sampling strategies, matching offender and program characteristics, reexamining intervention efficacy, and focusing on decision makers and resource allocations. ..
  38. Nahum Shani I, Qian M, Almirall D, Pelham W, Gnagy B, Fabiano G, et al. Experimental design and primary data analysis methods for comparing adaptive interventions. Psychol Methods. 2012;17:457-477 pubmed publisher
    ..We also provide methods for analyzing data from SMART to address primary research questions that inform the construction of a high-quality adaptive intervention. ..
  39. Jackson F, Niculescu M, Jackson R. Conceptual shifts needed to understand the dynamic interactions of genes, environment, epigenetics, social processes, and behavioral choices. Am J Public Health. 2013;103 Suppl 1:S33-42 pubmed publisher
    ..The dynamic interplay between the life, social, and behavioral sciences often remains underappreciated and underutilized in addressing complex diseases and disorders and in ..
  40. Riva G, Wiederhold B. Introduction to the special issue on virtual reality environments in behavioral sciences. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2002;6:193-7 pubmed
    ..However, if we focus our attention on behavioral sciences, where immersion is used by more than 50% of the applications, VR is described as an advanced form of human-..
  41. Bakeman R, Quera V, Gnisci A. Observer agreement for timed-event sequential data: a comparison of time-based and event-based algorithms. Behav Res Methods. 2009;41:137-147 pubmed publisher
    ..On the basis of simulation results presented here, and due to the somewhat different information provided by each, the reporting of both a time-based and an event-based kappa is recommended. ..
  42. Silvestrin R, de Oliveira L, Batassini C, Oliveira A, e Souza T. The footfault test as a screening tool in the 6-hydroxydopamine rat model of Parkinson's disease. J Neurosci Methods. 2009;177:317-21 pubmed publisher
    ..05). Therefore, the footfault test may be very useful in the PD animal model for screening animals since it is fast and simple and it does not require a drug to induce rotational activity. ..
  43. Bakeman R. Recommended effect size statistics for repeated measures designs. Behav Res Methods. 2005;37:379-84 pubmed
  44. Petraglia J, Galavotti C, Harford N, Pappas Deluca K, Mooki M. Applying behavioral science to behavior change communication: the pathways to change tools. Health Promot Pract. 2007;8:384-93 pubmed
    ..The Pathways to Change tools both guide scriptwriters as they write BCC/EE storylines and help project managers monitor BCC/EE products for theoretical fidelity and sensitivity to research. ..
  45. Robertson E, Cohen D. Understanding consolidation through the architecture of memories. Neuroscientist. 2006;12:261-71 pubmed
    ..With an increased understanding of consolidation, it may become possible to modulate these off-line processes to improve psychiatric and neurological rehabilitation. ..
  46. Church J, Martz D, Cook N. The use of digital video recorders (DVRs) for capturing digital video files for use in both The Observer and Ethovision. Behav Res Methods. 2006;38:434-8 pubmed
    ..The vast majority of systems depend on proprietary compression software that must then be converted to work properly in Ethovision or The Observer. ..
  47. Pickren W. An elusive honor: psychology, behavior, and the Nobel Prize. Am Psychol. 2003;58:721-2 pubmed
    ..This section addresses a selection of that work. Some of the winners of the Nobel Prize in the field of psychology are briefly reviewed. In addition, this selection introduces the papers in this issue. ..
  48. Catania A. B. F. Skinner's Science and Human Behavior: its antecedents and its consequences. J Exp Anal Behav. 2003;80:313-20 pubmed
    ..The effective behavioral analysis of governmental and religious systems will probably depend on elaborations of our understanding of verbal behavior. ..
  49. Bushnell P, Kavlock R, Crofton K, Weiss B, Rice D. Behavioral toxicology in the 21st century: challenges and opportunities for behavioral scientists. Summary of a symposium presented at the annual meeting of the neurobehavioral teratology society, June, 2009. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2010;32:313-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Initial advances will likely provide better prioritization tools so that animal resources are used more efficiently and effectively. ..
  50. Vlek C. "Could we all be a little more quiet, please?" A behavioural-science commentary on research for a quieter Europe in 2020. Noise Health. 2005;7:59-70 pubmed
    ..One conclusion is that more effective and visionary European noise policies may well be started tomorrow and need not depend on 15 years more research as envisaged in the CALM strategy paper. ..
  51. Winslow J. Mouse social recognition and preference. Curr Protoc Neurosci. 2003;Chapter 8:Unit 8.16 pubmed publisher
    ..Recognition is noted by decreased investigation of a previously encountered animal. ..
  52. Ueda M, Adachi Y, Hayama J, Yamagami T. [Preparation and effect of a behavioral science-based education program for sleep improvement among medical students]. Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 2008;55:3-10 pubmed
    ..It is also suggested that behavioral scientific instructive methods, including practice learning, are effective for medical education. ..
  53. Hodges S, Berry E, Wood K. SenseCam: a wearable camera that stimulates and rehabilitates autobiographical memory. Memory. 2011;19:685-96 pubmed publisher
    ..In this paper we describe the history of SenseCam, and the design and operation of the SenseCam device and the associated viewing software, and we discuss some of the ongoing research questions being addressed with the help of SenseCam. ..