neurobehavioral manifestations

Summary

Summary: Signs and symptoms of higher cortical dysfunction caused by organic conditions. These include certain behavioral alterations and impairments of skills involved in the acquisition, processing, and utilization of knowledge or information.

Top Publications

  1. Clark D. Twenty years of cognitive assessment: current status and future directions. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1997;65:996-1000 pubmed
    ..Further advances in cognitive assessment will depend on a more concerted research focus on the methodological and conceptual issues raised in this special section...
  2. Hinkin C, Castellon S, Hardy D, Farinpour R, Newton T, Singer E. Methylphenidate improves HIV-1-associated cognitive slowing. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2001;13:248-54 pubmed
    ..However, results suggest clinicians should consider reserving the use of MPH for patients with more pronounced cognitive and affective deficits...
  3. Squires Wheeler E, Friedman D, Amminger G, Skodol A, Looser Ott S, Roberts S, et al. Negative and positive dimensions of schizotypal personality disorder. J Pers Disord. 1997;11:285-300 pubmed
    ..These results support the view that positive and negative dimensions may reflect separable pathophysiologic processes...
  4. Carlomagno S, Migliaresi S, Ambrosone L, Sannino M, Sanges G, Di Iorio G. Cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus: a follow-up study. J Neurol. 2000;247:273-9 pubmed
    ..Intellectual deterioration may occur in patients without other symptoms of NP-SLE. Standardized neuropsychological testing methods should be used routinely to assess SLE patients...
  5. O Mahony S, Coyle N, Payne R. Current management of opioid-related side effects. Oncology (Williston Park). 2001;15:61-73, 77; discussion 77-8, 80-2 pubmed
    ..This article delineates the current optimal management of opioid-related nausea and vomiting, constipation, cognitive side effects, myoclonus, and respiratory depression...
  6. Campo P, Leon Carrion J, Dominguez Roldan J, Revuelta M, Murillo Cabezas F. [Pre-postoperative neuropsychological evaluation in the surgical treatment of epilepsy]. Rev Neurol. 1998;27:616-25 pubmed
    ..Cortical resection and callosotomy are the most widely accepted methods of surgical intervention. A prerequisite for success in this type of surgical intervention is the preoperative clinical assessment of the epilepsy surgery candidate...
  7. Vilalta Franch J, Llinàs Reglà J, Lopez Pousa S. [Cognition and depression]. Rev Neurol. 1998;27:581-4 pubmed
    ..To find the relationship between cognitive deterioration and the symptoms of depression...
  8. Orbach I, Stein D, Shan Sela M, Har Even D. Body attitudes and body experiences in suicidal adolescents. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2001;31:237-49 pubmed
    ..In addition, various bodily measures were associated with and statistically predicted suicidal tendencies. The discussion focuses on the web of associations between body attitudes and experiences and their role in suicidal behavior...
  9. Andreasen N, Paradiso S, O Leary D. "Cognitive dysmetria" as an integrative theory of schizophrenia: a dysfunction in cortical-subcortical-cerebellar circuitry?. Schizophr Bull. 1998;24:203-18 pubmed
    ..This "poor mental coordination" is a fundamental cognitive deficit in schizophrenia and can account for its broad diversity of symptoms...

More Information

Publications37

  1. Uchino T, Endo F, Matsuda I. Neurodevelopmental outcome of long-term therapy of urea cycle disorders in Japan. J Inherit Metab Dis. 1998;21 Suppl 1:151-9 pubmed
    ..Our data point to the importance of early diagnosis and aggressive treatment...
  2. Glosser G. Neurobehavioral aspects of movement disorders. Neurol Clin. 2001;19:535-51, v pubmed
    ..This article reviews the neurobehavioral aspects of two representative movement disorders; Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease...
  3. Neri M, Roth M, De Vreese L, Rubichi S, Finelli C, Bolzani R, et al. The validity of informant reports in assessing the severity of dementia: evidence from the CAMDEX interview. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 1998;9:56-62 pubmed
    ..The present findings confirm the validity of informant reports in assessing cognitive and memory disorders in early-stage dementia, as well as in distinguishing patients with mild from those with moderate dementia...
  4. Murai T, Muller U, Werheid K, Sorger D, Reuter M, Becker T, et al. In vivo evidence for differential association of striatal dopamine and midbrain serotonin systems with neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2001;13:222-8 pubmed
    ..These findings indicate that degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons and a dysfunctional serotonergic raphe system contribute differentially to motor deficits and neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease...
  5. Greendale G, Reboussin B, Hogan P, Barnabei V, Shumaker S, Johnson S, et al. Symptom relief and side effects of postmenopausal hormones: results from the Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions Trial. Obstet Gynecol. 1998;92:982-8 pubmed
    ..To assess pair-wise differences between placebo, estrogen, and each of three estrogen-progestin regimens on selected symptoms...
  6. Zoli M, Picciotto M, Ferrari R, Cocchi D, Changeux J. Increased neurodegeneration during ageing in mice lacking high-affinity nicotine receptors. EMBO J. 1999;18:1235-44 pubmed
  7. Fiedler N, Kelly McNeil K, Mohr S, Lehrer P, Opiekun R, Lee C, et al. Controlled human exposure to methyl tertiary butyl ether in gasoline: symptoms, psychophysiologic and neurobehavioral responses of self-reported sensitive persons. Environ Health Perspect. 2000;108:753-63 pubmed
  8. Dunmore E, Clark D, Ehlers A. Cognitive factors involved in the onset and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after physical or sexual assault. Behav Res Ther. 1999;37:809-29 pubmed
  9. Mufson E, Ma S, Cochran E, Bennett D, Beckett L, Jaffar S, et al. Loss of nucleus basalis neurons containing trkA immunoreactivity in individuals with mild cognitive impairment and early Alzheimer's disease. J Comp Neurol. 2000;427:19-30 pubmed
    ..These data indicate that alterations in the number of nucleus basalis neurons containing trkA immunoreactivity occurs early and are not accelerated from the transition from MCI to mild AD...
  10. Sethre T, Laubli T, Hangartner M, Berode M, Krueger H. Isopropanol and methylformate exposure in a foundry: exposure data and neurobehavioural measurements. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2000;73:528-36 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the dose-effect relationship between solvent exposure and acute neurobehavioural effects at the worksite...
  11. Schwartz R. Consider the simple screw: cognitive science, quality improvement, and psychotherapy. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1997;65:970-83 pubmed
    ..PQI emphasizes process, uses a patient focused treatment paradigm that provides tools for autonomous functioning, and allows for calibration of psychological measures...
  12. Deschamps D, Géraud C, Dally S. Cognitive functions in workers exposed to toluene: evaluation at least 48 hours after removal from exposure. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2001;74:285-8 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study is to compare cognitive functions between toluene-exposed workers (at least 48 h after removal from exposure) and non-exposed workers...
  13. Matsuda O, Saito M. Crystallized and fluid intelligence in elderly patients with mild dementia of the Alzheimer type. Int Psychogeriatr. 1998;10:147-54 pubmed
    ..e., information, comprehension, and similarities) were found to show the most significant deficits. These results suggest that elderly subjects with mild DAT have more impaired crystallized intelligence than those without dementia...
  14. Sinczuk Walczak H. [Nervous system disorders induced by occupational exposure to aluminium compounds: a literature review]. Med Pr. 2001;52:479-81 pubmed
  15. Bieber E, Cohen D. Estrogens and hormone replacement therapy: is there a role in the preservation of cognitive function?. Int J Fertil Womens Med. 2001;46:206-9 pubmed
    ..Unfortunately, most women are unaware of the potential beneficial effect of estrogen on cognitive function. Prospective studies are under way to try to delineate how estrogen impacts Alzheimer's disease...
  16. Cummings B, Pike C, Shankle R, Cotman C. Beta-amyloid deposition and other measures of neuropathology predict cognitive status in Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiol Aging. 1996;17:921-33 pubmed
    ..Plaque related variables may be as strongly related to cognitive dysfunction as other established measures, including synapse loss, cell death and tau hyperphosphorylation, although no correlative study can demonstrate causality...
  17. Fernandes L, Keller J, Giese Davis J, Hicks B, Klein D, Miller G. Converging evidence for a cognitive anomaly in early psychopathology. Psychophysiology. 1999;36:511-21 pubmed
    ..Results suggested abnormal voluntary cognitive processing, perhaps reflecting compensatory efforts in subjects at risk for or manifesting psychopathology, particularly those showing negative symptoms...
  18. Godefroy O, Cabaret M, Petit Chenal V, Pruvo J, Rousseaux M. Control functions of the frontal lobes. Modularity of the central-supervisory system?. Cortex. 1999;35:1-20 pubmed
    ..The demonstration of selective deficits of specific control processes suggests that executive functions depend on multiple separable control processes, and that their operations can be specified in cognitive terms...
  19. Buckley T, Blanchard E, Hickling E. A confirmatory factor analysis of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Behav Res Ther. 1998;36:1091-9 pubmed
    ..can adequately account for the presentation of PTSD symptoms in this sample of motor vehicle accident survivors. The implications for the assessment and diagnosis of PTSD are discussed...
  20. Shiel A, Horn S, Wilson B, Watson M, Campbell M, McLellan D. The Wessex Head Injury Matrix (WHIM) main scale: a preliminary report on a scale to assess and monitor patient recovery after severe head injury. Clin Rehabil. 2000;14:408-16 pubmed
    ..To develop a behavioural assessment based on observations of patients recovering after severe head injury whereby data could be collected by observation and by testing everyday tasks...
  21. Conquer J, Tierney M, Zecevic J, Bettger W, Fisher R. Fatty acid analysis of blood plasma of patients with Alzheimer's disease, other types of dementia, and cognitive impairment. Lipids. 2000;35:1305-12 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, a decreased level of plasma DHA was not limited to the AD patients but appears to be common in cognitive impairment with aging...
  22. Mello R, Dutra M, Silva K, Lopes J. [The predictive value of neonatal neurological assessment and neonatal cranial ultrasonography with respect to the development of very low birth weight premature infants]. Rev Saude Publica. 1998;32:420-9 pubmed
    ..To verify the predictive value of two tests (neurological assessment and ultrasonography) performed at the time of discharge, with respect to the neuromotor and cognitive development of premature infants...
  23. Draper B, MacCuspie Moore C, Brodaty H. Suicidal ideation and the 'wish to die' in dementia patients: the role of depression. Age Ageing. 1998;27:503-7 pubmed
    ..To determine the prevalence of self-reported suicidal ideation and the 'wish to die' in dementia patients, their association with depressive symptoms and the type of dementia...
  24. Leon Colombo T, Vivancos Mora J, del Ser Quijano T, Fernandez García C, Segura Martin T, Monforte Dupret C, et al. [What sort of stroke requires patient admittance to the hospital? Factors for deciding on hospitalization]. Rev Neurol. 1998;27:662-6 pubmed
    ..To study main factors determining medical decision in admitting patients with acute cerebrovascular disease (ACVD)...
  25. Stewart S, Pihl R, Conrod P, Dongier M. Functional associations among trauma, PTSD, and substance-related disorders. Addict Behav. 1998;23:797-812 pubmed
    ..Finally, based on these findings, recommendations are made for the treatment of individuals with comorbid PTSD-substance use disorders...
  26. Kuperberg G, McGuire P, David A. Reduced sensitivity to linguistic context in schizophrenic thought disorder: evidence from on-line monitoring for words in linguistically anomalous sentences. J Abnorm Psychol. 1998;107:423-34 pubmed
    ..These findings are consistent with the theory that schizophrenic thought disorder arises from a deficit in the use of linguistic context to process and produce speech...
  27. Wegner D, Smart L. Deep cognitive activation: a new approach to the unconscious. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1997;65:984-95 pubmed
    ..The sources and consequences of deep cognitive activation are examined, with a view toward understanding how this state is implicated in the assessment, etiology, and treatment of psychopathology...
  28. Sullivan M, Neish N. Catastrophizing, anxiety and pain during dental hygiene treatment. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1998;26:344-9 pubmed
    ..This study examined the relations between catastrophizing, dental anxiety, and pain during dental hygiene treatment...