hostility

Summary

Summary: Tendency to feel anger toward and to seek to inflict harm upon a person or group.

Top Publications

  1. Romero Canyas R, Downey G, Berenson K, Ayduk O, Kang N. Rejection sensitivity and the rejection-hostility link in romantic relationships. J Pers. 2010;78:119-48 pubmed publisher
    ..on rejection sensitivity that has provided evidence for the link between anxious expectations of rejection and hostility after rejection. We review evidence that rejection sensitivity functions as a defensive motivational system...
  2. Tindle H, Chang Y, Kuller L, Manson J, Robinson J, Rosal M, et al. Optimism, cynical hostility, and incident coronary heart disease and mortality in the Women's Health Initiative. Circulation. 2009;120:656-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Optimism was assessed by the Life Orientation Test-Revised and cynical hostility by the cynicism subscale of the Cook Medley Questionnaire...
  3. Klabbers G, Bosma H, van Lenthe F, Kempen G, van Eijk J, Mackenbach J. The relative contributions of hostility and depressive symptoms to the income gradient in hospital-based incidence of ischaemic heart disease: 12-Year follow-up findings from the GLOBE study. Soc Sci Med. 2009;69:1272-80 pubmed publisher
    There is evidence to support the view that both hostility and depressive symptoms are psychological risk factors for ischaemic heart disease (IHD), additional to the effects of lifestyle and biomedical risk factors...
  4. Sloan R, Shapiro P, Gorenstein E, TAGER F, MONK C, McKinley P, et al. Cardiac autonomic control and treatment of hostility: a randomized controlled trial. Psychosom Med. 2010;72:1-8 pubmed publisher
    To test whether reduction in hostility increases autonomic regulation of the heart...
  5. Ai A, Pargament K, Kronfol Z, Tice T, Appel H. Pathways to postoperative hostility in cardiac patients: mediation of coping, spiritual struggle and interleukin-6. J Health Psychol. 2010;15:186-95 pubmed publisher
    ..we estimated major pathways from preoperative distress, indicated by anxiety and other factors, to postoperative hostility in cardiac patients. Sequential interviews were conducted before and after surgery...
  6. Stewart J, Fitzgerald G, Kamarck T. Hostility now, depression later? Longitudinal associations among emotional risk factors for coronary artery disease. Ann Behav Med. 2010;39:258-66 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined the longitudinal associations among measures of depressive symptoms and hostility/anger in a cohort of 296 healthy, older adults...
  7. Low C, Thurston R, Matthews K. Psychosocial factors in the development of heart disease in women: current research and future directions. Psychosom Med. 2010;72:842-54 pubmed publisher
    ..relationships and positive psychological factors may be associated with reduced risk, and that general anxiety, hostility, and work-related stress are less consistently associated with CHD among women relative to men...
  8. Yen J, Yen C, Wu H, Huang C, Ko C. Hostility in the real world and online: the effect of internet addiction, depression, and online activity. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2011;14:649-55 pubmed publisher
    b>Hostility online has not been evaluated by an empirical investigation...
  9. Barlow F, Sibley C, Hornsey M. Rejection as a call to arms: inter-racial hostility and support for political action as outcomes of race-based rejection in majority and minority groups. Br J Soc Psychol. 2012;51:167-77 pubmed publisher
    ..This finding supports collective-action models of social change in historically disadvantaged minority groups. ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Izawa S, Eto Y, Yamada K, Nakano M, Yamada H, Nagayama M, et al. Cynical hostility, anger expression style, and acute myocardial infarction in middle-aged Japanese men. Behav Med. 2011;37:81-6 pubmed publisher
    Studies using American and European populations have demonstrated that high levels of anger/ hostility are predictive of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality...
  2. Stover C, Connell C, Leve L, Neiderhiser J, Shaw D, Scaramella L, et al. Fathering and mothering in the family system: linking marital hostility and aggression in adopted toddlers. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012;53:401-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Structural equations models were used to examine associations between marital hostility, fathers' and mothers' parenting hostility, and child aggressive behavior at 27 months of age...
  3. Rhoades K, Leve L, Harold G, Neiderhiser J, Shaw D, Reiss D. Longitudinal pathways from marital hostility to child anger during toddlerhood: genetic susceptibility and indirect effects via harsh parenting. J Fam Psychol. 2011;25:282-91 pubmed publisher
    We examined direct and indirect pathways from marital hostility to toddler anger/frustration via harsh parenting and parental depressive symptoms, with an additional focus on the moderating role of genetic influences as inferred from ..
  4. Jeon H, Peng D, Chua H, Srisurapanont M, Fava M, Bae J, et al. Melancholic features and hostility are associated with suicidality risk in Asian patients with major depressive disorder. J Affect Disord. 2013;148:368-74 pubmed publisher
    ..4%). These melancholic MDD patients revealed significantly higher suicidality risk (p<0.0001), hostility (p=0.037), and severity of depression (p<0.0001) than those MDD patients without melancholic features...
  5. Weiss J, Mouttapa M, Cen S, Johnson C, Unger J. Longitudinal effects of hostility, depression, and bullying on adolescent smoking initiation. J Adolesc Health. 2011;48:591-6 pubmed publisher
    The present study examined the associations between smoking initiation and, hostility, depressive symptoms, and bullying (bullies and bully-victims) among a culturally diverse sample of 1,771 adolescents who reported never having smoked ..
  6. Brummett B, Boyle S, Ortel T, Becker R, Siegler I, Williams R. Associations of depressive symptoms, trait hostility, and gender with C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 response after emotion recall. Psychosom Med. 2010;72:333-9 pubmed publisher
    To examine the effects of depressive symptoms and hostility on changes in C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL)-6 in response to an acute laboratory stressor...
  7. Sanz J, García Vera M, Magán I. Anger and hostility from the perspective of the Big Five personality model. Scand J Psychol. 2010;51:262-70 pubmed publisher
    ..the personality dimensions of the five-factor model or Big Five with trait anger and with two specific traits of hostility (mistrust and confrontational attitude), and identifying the similarities and differences between trait anger ..
  8. Carroll J, Marsland A, Jenkins F, Baum A, Muldoon M, Manuck S. A urinary marker of oxidative stress covaries positively with hostility among midlife community volunteers. Psychosom Med. 2010;72:273-80 pubmed publisher
    Although not all findings are consistent, growing evidence suggests that individuals high in dispositional hostility are at elevated risk for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality; however, the mechanisms of these associations ..
  9. Brydon L, Strike P, Bhattacharyya M, Whitehead D, McEwan J, Zachary I, et al. Hostility and physiological responses to laboratory stress in acute coronary syndrome patients. J Psychosom Res. 2010;68:109-16 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Hostility is associated with heightened reactivity to stress in healthy individuals, and with an elevated risk of adverse ..
  10. Zhang P, Roberts R, Liu Z, Meng X, Tang J, Sun L, et al. Hostility, physical aggression and trait anger as predictors for suicidal behavior in Chinese adolescents: a school-based study. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31044 pubmed publisher
    ..7% reported suicide plans, and 4.1% reported attempts during the past one year. Hostility and trait anger had a significant positive association with suicidal ideation...
  11. Wilson B, Diedrich A, Phelps C, Choi M. Bullies at work: the impact of horizontal hostility in the hospital setting and intent to leave. J Nurs Adm. 2011;41:453-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Behaviors consistent with horizontal hostility (HH) range from overt behavioral manifestations such as infighting among nurses; sabotage (where pertinent ..
  12. Kachadourian L, Homish G, Quigley B, Leonard K. Alcohol expectancies, alcohol use, and hostility as longitudinal predictors of alcohol-related aggression. Psychol Addict Behav. 2012;26:414-22 pubmed publisher
    The direct and interactive effects of alcohol expectancies for aggression, dispositional hostility, and heavy alcohol consumption on alcohol-related physical aggression were examined across the first four years of marriage in a sample of ..
  13. Brydon L, Lin J, Butcher L, Hamer M, Erusalimsky J, Blackburn E, et al. Hostility and cellular aging in men from the Whitehall II cohort. Biol Psychiatry. 2012;71:767-73 pubmed publisher
    b>Hostility is associated with a significantly increased risk of age-related disease and mortality, yet the pathophysiological mechanisms involved remain unclear...
  14. Elbogen E, Wagner H, Fuller S, Calhoun P, Kinneer P, Beckham J. Correlates of anger and hostility in Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans. Am J Psychiatry. 2010;167:1051-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Each of these conditions has been associated with elevated anger and hostility in veterans from previous conflicts...
  15. Hintsanen M, Kivimaki M, Hintsa T, Theorell T, Elovainio M, Raitakari O, et al. A prospective cohort study of deficient maternal nurturing attitudes predicting adulthood work stress independent of adulthood hostility and depressive symptoms. Stress. 2010;13:425-34 pubmed publisher
    ..were not explained by age, gender, socioeconomic circumstances, maternal mental problems or participant hostility, and depressive symptoms...
  16. Newman J, Davidson K, Shaffer J, Schwartz J, Chaplin W, Kirkland S, et al. Observed hostility and the risk of incident ischemic heart disease: a prospective population study from the 1995 Canadian Nova Scotia Health Survey. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011;58:1222-8 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to examine the relation between hostility and incident ischemic heart disease (IHD) and to determine whether observed hostility is superior to patient-reported hostility for the prediction of IHD in a large, ..
  17. Volavka J, Czobor P, Derks E, Bitter I, Libiger J, Kahn R, et al. Efficacy of antipsychotic drugs against hostility in the European First-Episode Schizophrenia Trial (EUFEST). J Clin Psychiatry. 2011;72:955-61 pubmed publisher
    To compare the effects of haloperidol, amisulpride, olanzapine, quetiapine, and ziprasidone on hostility in first-episode schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or schizophreniform disorder...
  18. Robb A, Carson W, Nyilas M, Ali M, Forbes R, Iwamoto T, et al. Changes in positive and negative syndrome scale-derived hostility factor in adolescents with schizophrenia treated with aripiprazole: post hoc analysis of randomized clinical trial data. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2010;20:33-8 pubmed publisher
    This post hoc analysis evaluated the effects of aripiprazole on Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Hostility factor scores in adolescents with schizophrenia...
  19. Elovainio M, Merjonen P, Pulkki Råback L, Kivimaki M, Jokela M, Mattson N, et al. Hostility, metabolic syndrome, inflammation and cardiac control in young adults: The Young Finns Study. Biol Psychol. 2011;87:234-40 pubmed publisher
    We studied whether there is an association between hostility and cardiovascular heart disease (CHD) risk factors, such as the metabolic syndrome, systemic inflammation and autonomic cardiac control...
  20. King K. Aggravating conditions: cynical hostility and neighborhood ambient stressors. Soc Sci Med. 2012;75:2258-66 pubmed publisher
    This study is the first to investigate neighborhood clustering of a personality trait--cynical hostility (a sense of mistrust of others amplified by suspicious antagonism...
  21. Eiden R, Leonard K, Colder C, Homish G, Schuetze P, Gray T, et al. Anger, hostility, and aggression as predictors of persistent smoking during pregnancy. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2011;72:926-32 pubmed
    We examined the role of anger, hostility, and aggression, in addition to depression and stress, in predicting persistent smoking during pregnancy in a low-income sample...
  22. Lemogne C, Nabi H, Zins M, Cordier S, Ducimetiere P, Goldberg M, et al. Hostility may explain the association between depressive mood and mortality: evidence from the French GAZEL cohort study. Psychother Psychosom. 2010;79:164-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Questionnaires were mailed in 1993 to assess depressive mood, type A behavior pattern, hostility, and the six personality types proposed by Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck...
  23. Buehler C, Lange G, Franck K. Adolescents' cognitive and emotional responses to marital hostility. Child Dev. 2007;78:775-89 pubmed
    Early adolescents' (11-14 years) responses to marital hostility were examined in a sample of 416 families. The cognitive-contextual perspective and emotional security hypothesis guided the study and 9 adolescent responses were identified...
  24. Suarez E, Lewis J, Krishnan R, Young K. Enhanced expression of cytokines and chemokines by blood monocytes to in vitro lipopolysaccharide stimulation are associated with hostility and severity of depressive symptoms in healthy women. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2004;29:1119-28 pubmed
    The current study investigated the relation of hostility and severity of depressive symptoms, separately and jointly, to the capacity of blood monocytes to secrete an array of cytokines when stimulated by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (..
  25. Gentile D, Lynch P, Linder J, Walsh D. The effects of violent video game habits on adolescent hostility, aggressive behaviors, and school performance. J Adolesc. 2004;27:5-22 pubmed
    ..The second goal was to examine associations among violent video game exposure, hostility, arguments with teachers, school grades, and physical fights...
  26. Fallon J, Keator D, Mbogori J, Turner J, Potkin S. Hostility differentiates the brain metabolic effects of nicotine. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2004;18:142-8 pubmed
    The brain mechanisms underlying the cause of nicotine dependence are unknown, however, hostility traits are associated with increased susceptibility to nicotine dependence...
  27. Orth U, Wieland E. Anger, hostility, and posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults: a meta-analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2006;74:698-706 pubmed
    ..available data on the strength of association between anger and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and between hostility and PTSD, covering 39 studies with trauma-exposed adults...
  28. Hur Y. Nonadditive genetic effects on hostility in South Korean adolescent and young adult twins. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2006;9:637-41 pubmed
    b>Hostility has been shown to be a vulnerability marker for various health problems. The present study examined genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in hostility in South Korean adolescent and young adult twins...
  29. Holt Lunstad J, Smith T, Uchino B. Can hostility interfere with the health benefits of giving and receiving social support? The impact of cynical hostility on cardiovascular reactivity during social support interactions among friends. Ann Behav Med. 2008;35:319-30 pubmed publisher
    Both social support and hostility have been reliably associated with important health outcomes including coronary heart disease (CHD)...
  30. Miotto P, Pollini B, Restaneo A, Favaretto G, Preti A. Aggressiveness, anger, and hostility in eating disorders. Compr Psychiatry. 2008;49:364-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The younger age of controls and exclusive reliance on self-report measures might have concealed some differences between patients and community subjects. ..
  31. Lavie C, Milani R. Impact of aging on hostility in coronary patients and effects of cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training in elderly persons. Am J Geriatr Cardiol. 2004;13:125-30 pubmed
    b>Hostility is a coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factor affecting recovery after major CAD events...
  32. Kivimaki M, Elovainio M, Kokko K, Pulkkinen L, Kortteinen M, Tuomikoski H. Hostility, unemployment and health status: testing three theoretical models. Soc Sci Med. 2003;56:2139-52 pubmed
    This study examined three theoretical models of hostility, health and life context. According to the psychosocial vulnerability hypothesis, there is an interaction between hostility and adverse conditions...
  33. Glenn D, Beckham J, Feldman M, Kirby A, Hertzberg M, Moore S. Violence and hostility among families of Vietnam veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Violence Vict. 2002;17:473-89 pubmed
    ..In addition, partner and veteran hostility scores were elevated relative to gender and age matched norms...
  34. Knox S, Weidner G, Adelman A, Stoney C, Ellison R. Hostility and physiological risk in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:2442-8 pubmed
    ..for earlier reported associations in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study between hostility and coronary and carotid end points...
  35. Farchione T, Birmaher B, Axelson D, Kalas C, Monk K, Ehmann M, et al. Aggression, hostility, and irritability in children at risk for bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord. 2007;9:496-503 pubmed
    To assess aggression, irritability and hostility in children at risk for bipolar disorder (BP)...
  36. Ohira T, Hozawa A, Iribarren C, Daviglus M, Matthews K, Gross M, et al. Longitudinal association of serum carotenoids and tocopherols with hostility: the CARDIA Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2008;167:42-50 pubmed
    b>Hostility is a personality trait associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease. No study has reported the association between hostility and antioxidants, which may be mediators for atherosclerosis...
  37. Bunde J, Suls J. A quantitative analysis of the relationship between the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale and traditional coronary artery disease risk factors. Health Psychol. 2006;25:493-500 pubmed
    One possible explanation for the association between Cook-Medley Hostility Scale (Ho Scale; W. W. Cook & D. M...
  38. Austenfeld J, Stanton A. Writing about emotions versus goals: effects on hostility and medical care utilization moderated by emotional approach coping processes. Br J Health Psychol. 2008;13:35-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Outcomes were hostility, medical visits, depressive symptoms, physical symptoms, and blood pressure...
  39. Barnes L, Mendes de Leon C, Bienias J, Wilson R, Everson Rose S, Evans D. Hostility and change in cognitive function over time in older blacks and whites. Psychosom Med. 2009;71:652-8 pubmed publisher
    To test whether the level of hostility predicted the rate of cognitive decline in a community of older blacks and whites and whether the association varied as a function of race...
  40. Combs D, Penn D, Wicher M, Waldheter E. The Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ): a new measure for evaluating hostile social-cognitive biases in paranoia. Cogn Neuropsychiatry. 2007;12:128-43 pubmed
    ..of a new measure of hostile social-cognitive biases for use in paranoia research, the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ)...
  41. Niaura R, Todaro J, Stroud L, Spiro A, Ward K, Weiss S. Hostility, the metabolic syndrome, and incident coronary heart disease. Health Psychol. 2002;21:588-93 pubmed
    This invesgation examined the impact of hostility and the metabolic syndrome on coronary heart disease (CHD) using prospective data from the Normative Aging Study...
  42. Chaput L, Adams S, Simon J, Blumenthal R, Vittinghoff E, Lin F, et al. Hostility predicts recurrent events among postmenopausal women with coronary heart disease. Am J Epidemiol. 2002;156:1092-9 pubmed
    Psychosocial characteristics may be associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Whether hostility predicts recurrent coronary events is unknown...
  43. Harold G, Aitken J, Shelton K. Inter-parental conflict and children's academic attainment: a longitudinal analysis. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007;48:1223-32 pubmed
    ..programs, findings suggest that the attributional processes engendered in children who live in households marked by high levels of inter-parental conflict and hostility have important implications for their long-term academic success.
  44. Jakupcak M, Conybeare D, Phelps L, Hunt S, Holmes H, Felker B, et al. Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD. J Trauma Stress. 2007;20:945-54 pubmed
    ..of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology and compared on self-report measures of trait anger, hostility, and aggression...
  45. Shaw W, Patterson T, Semple S, Dimsdale J, Ziegler M, Grant I. Emotional expressiveness, hostility and blood pressure in a longitudinal cohort of Alzheimer caregivers. J Psychosom Res. 2003;54:293-302 pubmed
    ..Caregiving demands, EE, social desirability and hostility were also assessed...
  46. Ranjit N, Diez Roux A, Sanchez B, Seeman T, Shea S, Shrager S, et al. Association of salivary cortisol circadian pattern with cynical hostility: multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. Psychosom Med. 2009;71:748-55 pubmed publisher
    To determine if cynical hostility is associated with alterations in diurnal profiles of cortisol. Hostility has been linked to cardiovascular disease but the biological mechanisms mediating this association remain unknown...
  47. Nabi H, Singh Manoux A, Ferrie J, Marmot M, Melchior M, Kivimaki M. Hostility and depressive mood: results from the Whitehall II prospective cohort study. Psychol Med. 2010;40:405-13 pubmed publisher
    The psychosocial vulnerability model of hostility posits that hostile individuals, given their oppositional attitudes and behaviours, are more likely to have increased interpersonal conflicts, lower social support, more stressful life ..
  48. Suarez E. Sex differences in the relation of depressive symptoms, hostility, and anger expression to indices of glucose metabolism in nondiabetic adults. Health Psychol. 2006;25:484-92 pubmed
    This study examined the relation of depressive symptomatology, hostility, and anger expression to indices of glucose metabolism and tested whether gender moderates these associations in a sample of 135 healthy, nondiabetic adults (75 men,..
  49. Rao S, Broome K, Simpson D. Depression and hostility as predictors of long-term outcomes among opiate users. Addiction. 2004;99:579-89 pubmed
    ..Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Studies (DATOS) to investigate the associations that pre-treatment depression and hostility have with drug use and criminal behavior at 1 year and 5 year follow-up in patients with and without additional ..
  50. Ewalds Kvist S, Hirvonen T, Kvist M, Lertola K, Niemelä P. Depression, anxiety, hostility and hysterectomy. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2005;26:193-204 pubmed
    ..Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), Taylor's Manifest Anxiety Scale (TMAS), the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory (BDHI), Measurement of Masculinity-Femininity (MF), Likert scales and semantic differentials for ..
  51. Surtees P, Wainwright N, Luben R, Day N, Khaw K. Prospective cohort study of hostility and the risk of cardiovascular disease mortality. Int J Cardiol. 2005;100:155-61 pubmed
    Recent literature reviews have questioned hostility as a risk factor for heart disease. However, controversy persists due to the rarity of large-scale prospective cohort studies of initially healthy populations...
  52. Chen Y, Gilligan S, Coups E, Contrada R. Hostility and perceived social support: interactive effects on cardiovascular reactivity to laboratory stressors. Ann Behav Med. 2005;29:37-43 pubmed
    Previous research has identified trait hostility and social isolation as possible psychosocial risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD)...
  53. Sherwood A, Hughes J, Kuhn C, Hinderliter A. Hostility is related to blunted beta-adrenergic receptor responsiveness among middle-aged women. Psychosom Med. 2004;66:507-13 pubmed
    Based on previous findings in men, the hypothesis that hostility would be associated with blunted responsiveness of cardiovascular beta-adrenergic receptors was tested in a study sample of middle-aged women...