Summary: Prejudice or discrimination based on gender or behavior or attitudes that foster stereotyped social roles based on gender.

Top Publications

  1. Wenger N. Women and coronary heart disease: a century after Herrick: understudied, underdiagnosed, and undertreated. Circulation. 2012;126:604-11 pubmed publisher
  2. Raymond J. Sexist attitudes: Most of us are biased. Nature. 2013;495:33-4 pubmed publisher
  3. Borrell C, Palencia L, Muntaner C, Urquia M, Malmusi D, O CAMPO P. Influence of macrosocial policies on women's health and gender inequalities in health. Epidemiol Rev. 2014;36:31-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Longer paid maternity leave was also generally associated with better mental health and longer duration of breastfeeding. ..
  4. Ricciotti H, Dodge L, Aluko A, Hofler L, Hacker M. Geographic Comparison of Women in Academic Obstetrics and Gynecology Department-Based Leadership Roles. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;130:853-861 pubmed publisher
  5. Montesanti S. The role of structural and interpersonal violence in the lives of women: a conceptual shift in prevention of gender-based violence. BMC Womens Health. 2015;15:93 pubmed publisher
  6. van den Besselaar P, Sandström U. Vicious circles of gender bias, lower positions, and lower performance: Gender differences in scholarly productivity and impact. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183301 pubmed publisher
    ..Gender differences in age, authorship position, and academic rank do explain quite a part of the productivity differences. ..
  7. Greenberg C. Association for Academic Surgery presidential address: sticky floors and glass ceilings. J Surg Res. 2017;219:ix-xviii pubmed publisher
    ..Mixing empirical data with personal anecdotes, Dr. Caprice Greenberg provides an insightful overview of this difficult challenge facing the surgical discipline and practical advice on how we can begin to address it...
  8. Hinsley A, Sutherland W, Johnston A. Men ask more questions than women at a scientific conference. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185534 pubmed publisher
    ..We encourage the scientific community to recognise the context in which these gender differences occur, and evaluate and develop methods to support full participation from all attendees. ..
  9. Pain E. History of science. After more than 50 years, a dispute over Down syndrome discovery. Science. 2014;343:720-1 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Ross D, Boatright D, Nunez Smith M, JORDAN A, Chekroud A, Moore E. Differences in words used to describe racial and gender groups in Medical Student Performance Evaluations. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181659 pubmed publisher
    ..Recognizing possible implicit biases and their potential impact is important for faculty who strive to create a more egalitarian medical community. ..
  2. Shen H. Inequality quantified: Mind the gender gap. Nature. 2013;495:22-4 pubmed publisher
  3. Dwyer K, Clark C, MacDonald K, Paraskeva M, Rogers N, Ryan J, et al. Gender Equity in Transplantation: A Report from the Women in Transplantation Workshop of The Transplantation Society of Australia and New Zealand. Transplantation. 2017;101:2266-2270 pubmed publisher
  4. Laffont S, Blanquart E, Savignac M, Cenac C, Laverny G, Metzger D, et al. Androgen signaling negatively controls group 2 innate lymphoid cells. J Exp Med. 2017;214:1581-1592 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, androgens play a crucial protective role in type 2 airway inflammation by negatively regulating ILC2 homeostasis, thereby limiting their capacity to expand locally in response to IL-33. ..
  5. Steklacova A, Bradác O, De Lacy P, Benes V. E-WIN Project 2016: Evaluating the Current Gender Situation in Neurosurgery Across Europe-An Interactive, Multiple-Level Survey. World Neurosurg. 2017;104:48-60 pubmed publisher
  6. Thiels C, Holst K, Ubl D, McKenzie T, Zielinski M, Farley D, et al. Gender disparities in the utilization of laparoscopic groin hernia repair. J Surg Res. 2017;210:59-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Although we are unable to ascertain underlying causes for these gender disparities, these data suggest that there remains a disparity in the management of groin hernias in women. ..
  7. Allotey P, Allotey Reidpath C, Reidpath D. Gender bias in clinical case reports: A cross-sectional study of the "big five" medical journals. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177386 pubmed publisher
    ..Whether it is driven by authors or editors is not clear, but it likely contributes to and supports an overall male bias of clinical medicine. ..
  8. Ho M. Culturally sensitive medical professionalism. Acad Med. 2013;88:1014 pubmed publisher
  9. Jagsi R, Griffith K, Jones R, Stewart A, Ubel P. Factors Associated With Success of Clinician-Researchers Receiving Career Development Awards From the National Institutes of Health: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. Acad Med. 2017;92:1429-1439 pubmed publisher
    ..32). Men and women continue to have different experiences and career outcomes, with important implications for the design of interventions to promote equity and success. ..
  10. Nguyen T, Angelique H. Internalized Homonegativity, Confucianism, and Self-Esteem at the Emergence of an LGBTQ Identity in Modern Vietnam. J Homosex. 2017;64:1617-1631 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the implications of these findings in light of conflicting values between Confucianism and the economic and social transformation that has occurred under ??i M?i. ..
  11. Lamprell G, Braithwaite J. Mainstreaming gender and promoting intersectionality in Papua New Guinea's health policy: a triangulated analysis applying data-mining and content analytic techniques. Int J Equity Health. 2017;16:65 pubmed publisher
    ..Second, there should be greater focus on activists and civil society groups as the stakeholders most likely to make a difference in gender equity. ..
  12. Öblom A, Antfolk J. Ethnic and gender discrimination in the private rental housing market in Finland: A field experiment. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183344 pubmed publisher
    ..We did not find any evidence of the landlord's gender being associated with the discrimination pattern. The findings suggest that both ethnic and gender discrimination occur in the private rental housing market in Finland. ..
  13. Dynes M, Stephenson R, Hadley C, Sibley L. Factors shaping interactions among community health workers in rural Ethiopia: rethinking workplace trust and teamwork. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2014;59 Suppl 1:S32-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Large-scale, longitudinal research is needed to understand how changes in trust, gender norms, and perceptions of motivations influence teamwork over time. ..
  14. Mueller C, Wright R, Girod S. The publication gender gap in US academic surgery. BMC Surg. 2017;17:16 pubmed publisher
    ..Continuing to explore and identify reasons for this gender difference in academic surgery may highlight ways to address the imbalance. ..
  15. Larivière V, Ni C, Gingras Y, Cronin B, Sugimoto C. Bibliometrics: global gender disparities in science. Nature. 2013;504:211-3 pubmed
  16. Zaidi Z, Vyas R, Verstegen D, Morahan P, Dornan T. Medical Education to Enhance Critical Consciousness: Facilitators' Experiences. Acad Med. 2017;92:S93-S99 pubmed publisher
    ..How faculty without prior experience or expertise could develop those values and skills is a topic for future research. ..