Summary: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.

Top Publications

  1. McCambridge J, Kypri K, Bendtsen P, Porter J. The use of deception in public health behavioral intervention trials: a case study of three online alcohol trials. Am J Bioeth. 2013;13:39-47 pubmed publisher
    Some public health behavioral intervention research studies involve deception. A methodological imperative to minimize bias can be in conflict with the ethical principle of informed consent...
  2. von Hippel W, Trivers R. The evolution and psychology of self-deception. Behav Brain Sci. 2011;34:1-16; discussion 16-56 pubmed publisher
    In this article we argue that self-deception evolved to facilitate interpersonal deception by allowing people to avoid the cues to conscious deception that might reveal deceptive intent...
  3. Talwar V, Crossman A. From little white lies to filthy liars: the evolution of honesty and deception in young children. Adv Child Dev Behav. 2011;40:139-79 pubmed
    ..The current review examines the development of deception among children...
  4. David G, Condon C, Bywater C, Ortiz Barrientos D, Wilson R. Receivers limit the prevalence of deception in humans: evidence from diving behaviour in soccer players. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e26017 pubmed publisher
    b>Deception remains a hotly debated topic in evolutionary and behavioural research...
  5. Hu X, Hong K, Ge S. fNIRS-based online deception decoding. J Neural Eng. 2012;9:026012 pubmed publisher
    b>Deception involves complex neural processes in the brain. Different techniques have been used to study and understand brain mechanisms during deception...
  6. Brault S, Bideau B, Kulpa R, Craig C. Detecting deception in movement: the case of the side-step in rugby. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e37494 pubmed publisher
    ..05). In this paper we not only present a mathematical model that describes how deception in body-based movement is detected, but we also show how perceptual expertise is manifested in action expertise...
  7. Brown C, Garwood M, Williamson J. It pays to cheat: tactical deception in a cephalopod social signalling system. Biol Lett. 2012;8:729-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of tactical deception in such a complex communication network indicates that sociality has played a key role in the cognitive ..
  8. Justman S. Placebo: the lie that comes true?. J Med Ethics. 2013;39:243-8 pubmed publisher
    ..placebos has fallen into discredit, the use of half-truths and exaggerations-neither of which is technically a deception-becomes an ever more inviting possibility...
  9. Kaptchuk T, Friedlander E, Kelley J, Sanchez M, Kokkotou E, Singer J, et al. Placebos without deception: a randomized controlled trial in irritable bowel syndrome. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e15591 pubmed publisher
    ..However, it is widely believed that response to placebo requires concealment or deception. We tested whether open-label placebo (non-deceptive and non-concealed administration) is superior to a no-..

More Information


  1. Abe N. How the brain shapes deception: an integrated review of the literature. Neuroscientist. 2011;17:560-74 pubmed publisher people tell a lie? One useful approach to addressing this question is to elucidate the neural substrates for deception. Recent conceptual and technical advances in functional neuroimaging have enabled exploration of the psychology ..
  2. Karton I, Bachmann T. Effect of prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation on spontaneous truth-telling. Behav Brain Res. 2011;225:209-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Right hemisphere stimulation decreases lying, left hemisphere stimulation increases lying. Spontaneous choice to lie more or less can be influenced by brain stimulation. ..
  3. Kisaalita N, Roditi D, Robinson M. Factors affecting placebo acceptability: deception, outcome, and disease severity. J Pain. 2011;12:920-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We experimentally manipulated: 1) placebo treatment instructions (level of deception); 2) treatment outcome; and 3) patients' pain severity...
  4. Stone M, Thomas K, Wilkinson M, Jones A, St Clair Gibson A, Thompson K. Effects of deception on exercise performance: implications for determinants of fatigue in humans. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44:534-41 pubmed publisher accurate (ACC) representation of BL, the power output in the other trial was set at 102% of BL and formed the deception condition (DEC)...
  5. Labkovsky E, Rosenfeld J. The P300-based, complex trial protocol for concealed information detection resists any number of sequential countermeasures against up to five irrelevant stimuli. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2012;37:1-10 pubmed publisher
    We previously tested the P300-based Complex Trial protocol for deception detection against 2 and 4 countered of 4 irrelevant stimuli. The protocol detected 90-100% of these subjects with <10% false positives...
  6. Masip J, Bethencourt M, Lucas G, Sánchez San Segundo M, Herrero C. Deception detection from written accounts. Scand J Psychol. 2012;53:103-11 pubmed publisher
    Most research into deception detection in written accounts has been conducted on transcripts instead of written messages, and has focused on identifying valid verbal deception correlates instead of also examining untrained readers' ..
  7. McCambridge J, Bendtsen P, Bendtsen M, Nilsen P. Alcohol email assessment and feedback study dismantling effectiveness for university students (AMADEUS-1): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2012;13:49 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of blinding and deception in this study raise ethical issues that warrant further attention. ISRCTN28328154.
  8. Osvath M, Karvonen E. Spontaneous innovation for future deception in a male chimpanzee. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36782 pubmed publisher
    The ability to invent means to deceive others, where the deception lies in the perceptually or contextually detached future, appears to require the coordination of sophisticated cognitive skills toward a single goal...
  9. Ding X, Du X, Lei D, Hu C, Fu G, Chen G. The neural correlates of identity faking and concealment: an FMRI study. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e48639 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that different neural systems associated with both identity processing and deception were involved in identity concealment and faking.
  10. Kusnoor A, Falik R. Cheating in medical school: the unacknowledged ailment. South Med J. 2013;106:479-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Cheating in medical school may have serious long-term consequences for future physicians. Institutions should develop environments that promote integrity. ..
  11. Bowman H, Filetti M, Janssen D, Su L, Alsufyani A, Wyble B. Subliminal salience search illustrated: EEG identity and deception detection on the fringe of awareness. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54258 pubmed publisher
    We propose a novel deception detection system based on Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP)...
  12. Surian L, Geraci A. Where will the triangle look for it? Attributing false beliefs to a geometric shape at 17 months. Br J Dev Psychol. 2012;30:30-44 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings provide support for theoretical accounts that emphasize continuity in the development of theory of mind core concepts and belief reasoning skills. ..
  13. Cook A, Hacker D, Webb A, Osher D, Kristjansson S, Woltz D, et al. Lyin' eyes: ocular-motor measures of reading reveal deception. J Exp Psychol Appl. 2012;18:301-13 pubmed publisher
    Our goal was to evaluate an alternative to current methods for detecting deception in security screening contexts...
  14. Hartwig M, Bond C. Why do lie-catchers fail? A lens model meta-analysis of human lie judgments. Psychol Bull. 2011;137:643-59 pubmed publisher
    ..First, it has been suggested that lie detection is inaccurate because people rely on invalid cues when judging deception. Second, it has been suggested that lack of valid cues to deception limits accuracy...
  15. Babu T, Joseph N, Sharmila V. Academic dishonesty among undergraduates from private medical schools in India. Are we on the right track?. Med Teach. 2011;33:759-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The prevalence of academic dishonesty is high. Academic integrity and ethics should be emphasized to the students which might help them in becoming professional and honest doctors. ..
  16. Baxter P, Norman G. Self-assessment or self deception? A lack of association between nursing students' self-assessment and performance. J Adv Nurs. 2011;67:2406-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Self-assessment in nursing education to evaluate clinical competence and confidence requires serious reconsideration as our well-intentioned emphasis on this commonly used practice may be less than effective. ..
  17. Cavina Pratesi C, Kuhn G, Ietswaart M, Milner A. The magic grasp: motor expertise in deception. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e16568 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that although the occipito-parietal visuomotor system in the dorsal stream is designed to guide goal-directed actions, prolonged practice may enable it to calibrate actions based on visual inputs displaced from the action. ..
  18. Mele A. Real self-deception. Behav Brain Sci. 1997;20:91-102; discussion 103-36 pubmed
    Self-deception is made unnecessarily puzzling by the assumption that it is an intrapersonal analog of ordinary interpersonal deception...
  19. Mitchell R, Anderson J. Pointing, withholding information, and deception in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). J Comp Psychol. 1997;111:351-61 pubmed
  20. Ganis G, Rosenfeld J, Meixner J, Kievit R, Schendan H. Lying in the scanner: covert countermeasures disrupt deception detection by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Neuroimage. 2011;55:312-9 pubmed publisher fMRI study has examined directly the effect of countermeasures, methods used by prevaricators to defeat deception detection procedures...
  21. Mijovic Prelec D, Prelec D. Self-deception as self-signalling: a model and experimental evidence. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2010;365:227-40 pubmed publisher
    Self-deception has long been the subject of speculation and controversy in psychology, evolutionary biology and philosophy...
  22. Dionisio D, Granholm E, Hillix W, Perrine W. Differentiation of deception using pupillary responses as an index of cognitive processing. Psychophysiology. 2001;38:205-11 pubmed
    The deception literature has predominantly focused on detection of guilty individuals using electrodermal measures. Little research has examined other psychophysiological measures or the mechanisms underlying deception...
  23. Byrne C, Kurland J. Self-deception in an evolutionary game. J Theor Biol. 2001;212:457-80 pubmed
    ..However, the paradigm of cognitive modularity admits the possibility of self-deception. Trivers argues that self-deception can increase fitness by improving the effectiveness of inter-personal ..
  24. Ganis G, Kosslyn S, Stose S, Thompson W, Yurgelun Todd D. Neural correlates of different types of deception: an fMRI investigation. Cereb Cortex. 2003;13:830-6 pubmed
    b>Deception is a complex cognitive activity, and different types of lies could arise from different neural systems...
  25. Paterson S, Marino F. Effect of deception of distance on prolonged cycling performance. Percept Mot Skills. 2004;98:1017-26 pubmed
    This study examined the effect of deception of distance end-point on prolonged cycling performance. 21 subjects were randomly allocated to three groups (n = 7 per group)...
  26. Abe N, Suzuki M, Tsukiura T, Mori E, Yamaguchi K, Itoh M, et al. Dissociable roles of prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices in deception. Cereb Cortex. 2006;16:192-9 pubmed
    Recent neuroimaging studies have shown the importance of the prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices in deception. However, little is known about the role of each of these regions during deception...
  27. Tu S, Li H, Jou J, Zhang Q, Wang T, Yu C, et al. An event-related potential study of deception to self preferences. Brain Res. 2009;1247:142-8 pubmed publisher
    ..and control during deceptive decision-making; and (2) the generators of P1000-2000 were localized near the cuneus (CU) and the cingulate gyrus, which might be involved in conflict coordination in working memory due to deception.
  28. Seth A, Iversen J, Edelman G. Single-trial discrimination of truthful from deceptive responses during a game of financial risk using alpha-band MEG signals. Neuroimage. 2006;32:465-76 pubmed
    ..To elicit spontaneous, ecologically valid deception, we developed a paradigm in which subjects in a simulated customs setting were presented with a series of ..
  29. Klaver J, Lee Z, Hart S. Psychopathy and nonverbal indicators of deception in offenders. Law Hum Behav. 2007;31:337-51 pubmed
    The current study examined psychopathy and nonverbal indicators of deception in an incarcerated sample. Nonverbal behaviors were coded from videotapes of 45 male offenders telling true and fabricated stories about crimes...
  30. Bortolotti L, Mameli M. Deception in psychology: moral costs and benefits of unsought self-knowledge. Account Res. 2006;13:259-75 pubmed
    Is it ethically permissible to use deception in psychological experiments? We argue that, provided some requirements are satisfied, it is possible to use deceptive methods without producing significant harm to research participants and ..
  31. Laney C, Kaasa S, Morris E, Berkowitz S, Bernstein D, Loftus E. The Red Herring technique: a methodological response to the problem of demand characteristics. Psychol Res. 2008;72:362-75 pubmed
    ..We used two separate levels of deception. In addition to giving subjects a typical untrue rationale for the study (i.e...
  32. Hakun J, Seelig D, Ruparel K, Loughead J, Busch E, Gur R, et al. fMRI investigation of the cognitive structure of the Concealed Information Test. Neurocase. 2008;14:59-67 pubmed publisher
    We studied the cognitive basis of the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) pattern of deception in three participants performing the Concealed Information Test (CIT)...
  33. Johnson K, Kozel F, Laken S, George M. The neuroscience of functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI for deception detection. Am J Bioeth. 2007;7:58-60 pubmed
  34. Tian F, Sharma V, Kozel F, Liu H. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy to investigate hemodynamic responses to deception in the prefrontal cortex. Brain Res. 2009;1303:120-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Deception involves complex neural processes and correlates in the brain. Functional brain imaging techniques have been used to study and understand brain mechanisms during deception...
  35. Kashy D, DePaulo B. Who lies?. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1996;70:1037-51 pubmed
  36. Lee T, Liu H, Chan C, Ng Y, Fox P, Gao J. Neural correlates of feigned memory impairment. Neuroimage. 2005;28:305-13 pubmed
    ..genders, and mother tongues, suggesting the general importance of these regions during malingering and possibly deception in general...
  37. Spence S, Kaylor Hughes C. Looking for truth and finding lies: the prospects for a nascent neuroimaging of deception. Neurocase. 2008;14:68-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, the advent of functional neuroimaging has allowed investigators to study deception in the non-pathological state...
  38. Wang C, Galinsky A, Murnighan J. Bad drives psychological reactions, but good propels behavior: responses to honesty and deception. Psychol Sci. 2009;20:634-44 pubmed publisher
    Research across disciplines suggests that bad is stronger than good and that individuals punish deception more than they reward honesty. However, methodological issues in previous research limit the latter conclusion...
  39. Morgan C, LeSage J, Kosslyn S. Types of deception revealed by individual differences in cognitive abilities. Soc Neurosci. 2009;4:554-69 pubmed publisher
    ..Each type of lie was predicted by a distinct set of MRAB scores. These results provide further evidence that deception is a multifaceted process and that different kinds of lies arise from the operation of different cognitive ..
  40. Einav S, Hood B. Tell-tale eyes: children's attribution of gaze aversion as a lying cue. Dev Psychol. 2008;44:1655-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the growing appreciation of the stereotypic gaze behavior associated with lying and the reputed female advantage in gaze sensitivity may reflect differential processing of multimodal communication. ..
  41. O Sullivan M, Frank M, Hurley C, Tiwana J. Police lie detection accuracy: the effect of lie scenario. Law Hum Behav. 2009;33:530-8 pubmed publisher
    Although most people are not better than chance in detecting deception, some groups of police professionals have demonstrated significant lie detection accuracy...
  42. Appelbaum P. Law & psychiatry: The new lie detectors: neuroscience, deception, and the courts. Psychiatr Serv. 2007;58:460-2 pubmed
    ..Issues related to the use of such evidence in courts are discussed. The author concludes that neither approach is currently supported by enough data regarding its accuracy in detecting deception to warrant use in court.
  43. Bass C, Halligan P. Illness related deception: social or psychiatric problem?. J R Soc Med. 2007;100:81-4 pubmed
    ..When the diagnosis is used there is often the assumption that the person engaging in the 'deception' is not lying in the traditional sense of being deliberately misleading...
  44. Fullam R, McKie S, Dolan M. Psychopathic traits and deception: functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Br J Psychiatry. 2009;194:229-35 pubmed publisher
    There is relatively little existing information regarding the neural correlates of deception in individuals with psychopathic traits...
  45. Martinez J, Rutledge P, Sher K. Fake ID ownership and heavy drinking in underage college students: prospective findings. Psychol Addict Behav. 2007;21:226-32 pubmed
    ..It thus presents a significant public health problem, addressable through training for alcohol servers and retailers, punitive measures toward fake ID owners, and other possible interventions. ..
  46. Hu X, Wu H, Fu G. Temporal course of executive control when lying about self- and other-referential information: an ERP study. Brain Res. 2011;1369:149-57 pubmed publisher
    Recent neuroimaging studies have been trying to investigate the neural correlates of deception. To explore the temporal course of neural activity underlying deception, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) while participants were ..
  47. Ito A, Abe N, Fujii T, Ueno A, Koseki Y, Hashimoto R, et al. The role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in deception when remembering neutral and emotional events. Neurosci Res. 2011;69:121-8 pubmed publisher
    We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural correlates of deception while remembering neutral events and emotional events...
  48. Farrow T, Reilly R, Rahman T, Herford A, Woodruff P, Spence S. Sex and personality traits influence the difference between time taken to tell the truth or lie. Percept Mot Skills. 2003;97:451-60 pubmed
    ..These preliminary data suggest that response time is systematically longer when telling a lie and that personality variables may play a part in this process. ..
  49. Allen J, Mertens R. Limitations to the detection of deception: true and false recollections are poorly distinguished using an event-related potential procedure. Soc Neurosci. 2009;4:473-90 pubmed publisher
    The utility of using indices of neural function to identify deception relies on finding highly reliable and valid approaches that adequately identify the guilty and exonerate the innocent...
  50. Hakun J, Ruparel K, Seelig D, Busch E, Loughead J, Gur R, et al. Towards clinical trials of lie detection with fMRI. Soc Neurosci. 2009;4:518-27 pubmed publisher
    ..a case study in which we adapted the standard Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT), a well-established model of producing deception, to the common scenario of lying on a resume...
  51. Kroliczak G, Cavina Pratesi C, Goodman D, Culham J. What does the brain do when you fake it? An FMRI study of pantomimed and real grasping. J Neurophysiol. 2007;97:2410-22 pubmed
    ..Moreover, pantomimed grasping may not tap object-related areas within the ventral stream, but rather may rely on mechanisms within the right hemisphere that are recruited by artificial and less practiced actions. ..
  52. Langleben D, Loughead J, Bilker W, Ruparel K, Childress A, Busch S, et al. Telling truth from lie in individual subjects with fast event-related fMRI. Hum Brain Mapp. 2005;26:262-72 pubmed
    b>Deception is a clinically important behavior with poorly understood neurobiological correlates...
  53. Petter M, Musolino E, Roberts W, Cole M. Can dogs (Canis familiaris) detect human deception?. Behav Processes. 2009;82:109-18 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the experiments indicate that dogs are sensitive to the correlation between cues and their outcomes but offer no support for the idea that dogs understand human intentionality. ..