female homosexuality

Summary

Summary: Sexual attraction or relationship between females.

Top Publications

  1. Offen N, Smith E, Malone R. Is tobacco a gay issue? Interviews with leaders of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community. Cult Health Sex. 2008;10:143-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender tobacco-control advocates should reframe smoking as an unhealthy response to the stresses of homophobia to persuade leaders that tobacco control is central to LGBT health. ..
  2. Roberts S, Sorensen L. Health related behaviors and cancer screening of lesbians: results from the Boston Lesbian Health Project. Women Health. 1999;28:1-12 pubmed
    ..There is some indication that alcohol use is heavier in this sample than among women in general, an area that warrants further investigation. ..
  3. Ross L, Steele L, Goldfinger C, Strike C. Perinatal depressive symptomatology among lesbian and bisexual women. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2007;10:53-9 pubmed
    ..Results suggest that perinatal depression is not less common and may be more common among lesbian and bisexual women relative to heterosexual women. Additional, longitudinal studies are needed. ..
  4. Corliss H, Grella C, Mays V, Cochran S. Drug use, drug severity, and help-seeking behaviors of lesbian and bisexual women. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2006;15:556-68 pubmed
    ..Future studies that examine pathways by which lesbians and bisexual women can obtain referrals and treatment for substance use problems are needed. ..
  5. Balsam K, Huang B, Fieland K, Simoni J, Walters K. Culture, trauma, and wellness: a comparison of heterosexual and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and two-spirit native americans. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2004;10:287-301 pubmed
    ..Discussion and recommendations for health promotion interventions and future research are presented in consideration of an "indigenist" health model and the multiple minority status of two-spirit people. ..
  6. Cochran S, Mays V, Sullivan J. Prevalence of mental disorders, psychological distress, and mental health services use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults in the United States. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2003;71:53-61 pubmed
    ..Services use was more frequent among those of minority sexual orientation. Findings support the existence of sexual orientation differences in patterns of morbidity and treatment use. ..
  7. Aaron D, Chang Y, Markovic N, LaPorte R. Estimating the lesbian population: a capture-recapture approach. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003;57:207-9 pubmed
    ..Capture-recapture methods have the potential to provide accurate and reliable estimates of this population in any location. ..
  8. Share T, Mintz L. Differences between lesbians and heterosexual women in disordered eating and related attitudes. J Homosex. 2002;42:89-106 pubmed
    ..No differences were found on awareness of cultural standards, disordered eating, or body esteem concerning either weight or physical condition. Implications are discussed. ..
  9. Marrazzo J, Koutsky L, Stine K, Kuypers J, Grubert T, Galloway D, et al. Genital human papillomavirus infection in women who have sex with women. J Infect Dis. 1998;178:1604-9 pubmed
    ..Current smoking was associated with detectable HPV DNA. Genital HPV infection and squamous intraepithelial lesions are common among women who are sexually active with women and occur among those who have not had sex with men. ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Bernhard L, Applegate J. Comparison of stress and stress management strategies between lesbian and heterosexual women. Health Care Women Int. 1999;20:335-47 pubmed
    ..Both groups used a wide range of stress management strategies, although lesbians more frequently used meditation and therapy. ..
  2. Diamant A, Schuster M, McGuigan K, Lever J. Lesbians' sexual history with men: implications for taking a sexual history. Arch Intern Med. 1999;159:2730-6 pubmed
  3. Valanis B, Bowen D, Bassford T, Whitlock E, Charney P, Carter R. Sexual orientation and health: comparisons in the women's health initiative sample. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:843-53 pubmed
  4. Fethers K, Marks C, Mindel A, Estcourt C. Sexually transmitted infections and risk behaviours in women who have sex with women. Sex Transm Infect. 2000;76:345-9 pubmed
    ..Measures are required to improve our understanding of STI/HIV transmission dynamics in WSW, to facilitate better health service provision and targeted education initiatives. ..
  5. Hughes T. Lesbians' drinking patterns: beyond the data. Subst Use Misuse. 2003;38:1739-58 pubmed
  6. Marrazzo J, Stine K, Wald A. Prevalence and risk factors for infection with herpes simplex virus type-1 and -2 among lesbians. Sex Transm Dis. 2003;30:890-5 pubmed
    ..Most lesbians infected with HSV-2 are not aware of their infection. Sexual transmission of HSV-1 may occur more frequently among lesbians than among heterosexual women. ..
  7. Cochran S, Ackerman D, Mays V, Ross M. Prevalence of non-medical drug use and dependence among homosexually active men and women in the US population. Addiction. 2004;99:989-98 pubmed
    ..These data are consistent with surveys suggesting that there is a moderate elevation of drug, particularly marijuana, use and dependence in gay and bisexual men and women when compared to heterosexual men and women. ..
  8. Tang H, Greenwood G, Cowling D, Lloyd J, Roeseler A, Bal D. Cigarette smoking among lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: how serious a problem? (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2004;15:797-803 pubmed
    ..Our study provides the strongest evidence to date that lesbians, bisexual females, and gay men had significantly higher cigarette smoking prevalence rates than their heterosexual counterparts. ..
  9. Skegg K, Nada Raja S, Dickson N, Paul C, Williams S. Sexual orientation and self-harm in men and women. Am J Psychiatry. 2003;160:541-6 pubmed
    ..This study provides evidence of a link between increasing degrees of same-sex attraction and self-harm in both men and women, with the possibility of some difference between the sexes that needs to be explored further. ..
  10. Bailey J, Farquhar C, Owen C. Bacterial vaginosis in lesbians and bisexual women. Sex Transm Dis. 2004;31:691-4 pubmed
    ..03), but not with sex with men or vaginal douching. BV is common in women who have sex with women (WSW). The increasing odds of BV with larger numbers of female sexual partners suggest that BV may be sexually transmitted between women. ..
  11. Warner J, McKeown E, Griffin M, Johnson K, Ramsay A, Cort C, et al. Rates and predictors of mental illness in gay men, lesbians and bisexual men and women: Results from a survey based in England and Wales. Br J Psychiatry. 2004;185:479-85 pubmed
    ..7, 95% CI 1.3-2.3) and school bullying (OR=1.4, 95% CI 1.1-2.0), but not with higher scores on the CIS-R. Gay, lesbian and bisexual men and women have high levels of mental disorder, possibly linked with discrimination. ..
  12. Matthews A, Hughes T, Johnson T, Razzano L, Cassidy R. Prediction of depressive distress in a community sample of women: the role of sexual orientation. Am J Public Health. 2002;92:1131-9 pubmed
    ..Sexual orientation may represent an important but poorly understood risk factor for depressive distress as well as suicidal ideation and behavior. ..
  13. Parsons J, Kelly B, Wells B. Differences in club drug use between heterosexual and lesbian/bisexual females. Addict Behav. 2006;31:2344-9 pubmed
    ..These data suggest a need to better understand the influence of sexual orientation and sexual culture in relation to club drug use and to tailor health promotion efforts to meet the needs of various groups of club drug using women...
  14. Berglund H, Lindstrom P, Savic I. Brain response to putative pheromones in lesbian women. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:8269-74 pubmed
    ..These data support our previous results about differentiated processing of pheromone-like stimuli in humans and further strengthen the notion of a coupling between hypothalamic neuronal circuits and sexual preferences. ..
  15. Gruskin E, Gordon N. Gay/Lesbian sexual orientation increases risk for cigarette smoking and heavy drinking among members of a large Northern California health plan. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:241 pubmed
    ..More population-based research is needed to understand the nature of substance use in these communities so that appropriate interventions can be developed. ..
  16. Smith E, Offen N, Malone R. Pictures worth a thousand words: noncommercial tobacco content in the lesbian, gay, and bisexual press. J Health Commun. 2006;11:635-49 pubmed
    ..Noncommercial print images of smoking may normalize it, as movie product placement does. Media advocacy approaches could counter normalization of smoking in LGB-specific media. ..
  17. Cochran S, Mays V, Bowen D, Gage S, Bybee D, Roberts S, et al. Cancer-related risk indicators and preventive screening behaviors among lesbians and bisexual women. Am J Public Health. 2001;91:591-7 pubmed
    ..Lesbians and bisexual women differ from heterosexual women in patterns of health risk. These women would be expected to be at especially greater risk for chronic diseases linked to smoking and obesity. ..
  18. Matthews A, Hughes T. Mental health service use by African American women: exploration of subpopulation differences. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2001;7:75-87 pubmed
    ..Findings from this study, including clear differences between lesbians and heterosexual women in past use of therapy and preferences for mental health providers, have important implications for service provision. ..
  19. Koh A, Gomez C, Shade S, Rowley E. Sexual risk factors among self-identified lesbians, bisexual women, and heterosexual women accessing primary care settings. Sex Transm Dis. 2005;32:563-9 pubmed
    ..02), but also a higher rate of condom use (P <0.001) compared with bisexual or heterosexual women. Women of all sexual orientations, and particularly heterosexual women, engaged in behaviors that put them at risk for HIV and STD. ..
  20. Amadio D. Internalized heterosexism, alcohol use, and alcohol-related problems among lesbians and gay men. Addict Behav. 2006;31:1153-62 pubmed
    ..Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.] measured alcohol-related problems. The hypothesis that a positive relationship exists was partially supported for lesbians, but generally not supported for males. ..
  21. Whitbeck L, Chen X, Hoyt D, Tyler K, Johnson K. Mental disorder, subsistence strategies, and victimization among gay, lesbian, and bisexual homeless and runaway adolescents. J Sex Res. 2004;41:329-42 pubmed
  22. Singh D, Vidaurri M, Zambarano R, Dabbs J. Lesbian erotic role identification: behavioral, morphological, and hormonal correlates. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1999;76:1035-49 pubmed
    ..The butch-femme classification may reflect a within-group difference caused by differential exposure to prenatal androgens. ..
  23. Evans A, Scally A, Wellard S, Wilson J. Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in lesbians and heterosexual women in a community setting. Sex Transm Infect. 2007;83:470-5 pubmed
    ..Higher concordance of vaginal flora within lesbian partnerships may support the hypothesis of a sexually transmissible factor or reflect common risk factors such as smoking. ..
  24. Cochran S, Keenan C, Schober C, Mays V. Estimates of alcohol use and clinical treatment needs among homosexually active men and women in the U.S. population. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2000;68:1062-71 pubmed
    ..Findings suggest higher risk for alcohol-related problems among lesbians as compared with other women, perhaps because of a more common pattern of moderate alcohol consumption. ..
  25. Bos H, van Balen F, van Den Boom D. Planned lesbian families: their desire and motivation to have children. Hum Reprod. 2003;18:2216-24 pubmed
    ..The study's findings may be helpful for counsellors in their work to inform and assist lesbian couples in their decision to have a child. ..
  26. Gilman S, Cochran S, Mays V, Hughes M, Ostrow D, Kessler R. Risk of psychiatric disorders among individuals reporting same-sex sexual partners in the National Comorbidity Survey. Am J Public Health. 2001;91:933-9 pubmed
    ..Further research is needed to replicate and explore the causal mechanisms underlying this association. ..
  27. Bailey J, Farquhar C, Owen C, Whittaker D. Sexual behaviour of lesbians and bisexual women. Sex Transm Infect. 2003;79:147-50 pubmed
    ..A non-judgmental manner and careful sexual history taking without making assumptions should help clinicians to avoid misunderstandings, and to offer appropriate sexual health advice to lesbians and bisexual women. ..
  28. Ryan H, Wortley P, Easton A, Pederson L, Greenwood G. Smoking among lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: a review of the literature. Am J Prev Med. 2001;21:142-9 pubmed
    ..Attempts should be made to target prevention and cessation interventions to lesbians, gays, and bisexuals. ..
  29. Diamant A, Wold C. Sexual orientation and variation in physical and mental health status among women. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003;12:41-9 pubmed
    ..We believe these findings support the need for the increased systematic study of the relationship between sexual orientation and health. ..
  30. Fish J, Wilkinson S. Understanding lesbians' healthcare behaviour: the case of breast self-examination. Soc Sci Med. 2003;56:235-45 pubmed
    ..These findings are important for increasing understanding of lesbians' healthcare behaviour and for developing health promotion materials relevant to their needs. ..
  31. Mays V, Yancey A, Cochran S, Weber M, Fielding J. Heterogeneity of health disparities among African American, Hispanic, and Asian American women: unrecognized influences of sexual orientation. Am J Public Health. 2002;92:632-9 pubmed
    ..Among racial/ethnic minority women, minority sexual orientation is associated with increased health risks. The effects of sexual minority status need to be considered in addressing health disparities affecting this population. ..
  32. Marrazzo J, Koutsky L, Eschenbach D, Agnew K, Stine K, Hillier S. Characterization of vaginal flora and bacterial vaginosis in women who have sex with women. J Infect Dis. 2002;185:1307-13 pubmed
    ..These data support the hypothesis that sexual exchange of vaginal secretions is a possible mechanism for acquisition of BV. ..
  33. Gruskin E, Greenwood G, Matevia M, Pollack L, Bye L. Disparities in smoking between the lesbian, gay, and bisexual population and the general population in California. Am J Public Health. 2007;97:1496-502 pubmed
    ..Tobacco control efforts targeting the LGB population are needed to reduce this group's high rate of cigarette smoking. ..
  34. Parks C, Hughes T. Age differences in lesbian identity development and drinking. Subst Use Misuse. 2007;42:361-80 pubmed
    ..The study's limitations are noted. ..
  35. Gruskin E, Hart S, Gordon N, Ackerson L. Patterns of cigarette smoking and alcohol use among lesbians and bisexual women enrolled in a large health maintenance organization. Am J Public Health. 2001;91:976-9 pubmed
    ..Lesbians and bisexual women aged 20 to 34 years are at risk for alcohol use and cigarette smoking. ..
  36. Campos Outcalt D, Hurwitz S. Female-to-female transmission of syphilis: a case report. Sex Transm Dis. 2002;29:119-20 pubmed
    ..Case report of syphilis transmission from one female to another through oral-genital sex. Female-to-female transmission of syphilis can occur through oral-genital sex. ..
  37. Hughes C, Evans A. Health needs of women who have sex with women. BMJ. 2003;327:939-40 pubmed
  38. Diamant A, Wold C, Spritzer K, Gelberg L. Health behaviors, health status, and access to and use of health care: a population-based study of lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual women. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:1043-51 pubmed
    ..Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:1043-1051 ..
  39. Case P, Austin S, Hunter D, Manson J, Malspeis S, Willett W, et al. Sexual orientation, health risk factors, and physical functioning in the Nurses' Health Study II. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2004;13:1033-47 pubmed
    ..Most of these risk factors are modifiable, and appropriate interventions could play an important role in improving the health status of lesbian and bisexual women. ..
  40. Marrazzo J, Stine K, Koutsky L. Genital human papillomavirus infection in women who have sex with women: a review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2000;183:770-4 pubmed
    ..Women who have sex with women should receive Papanicolaou smear screening in accord with current guidelines. ..
  41. Rosario M, Schrimshaw E, Hunter J. Predictors of substance use over time among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths: an examination of three hypotheses. Addict Behav. 2004;29:1623-31 pubmed
    ..These findings offer a potential explanation for high levels of substance use among GLB youths and suggest potential areas for intervention to prevent or decrease substance use among these youths. ..
  42. Moore F, Keel P. Influence of sexual orientation and age on disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in women. Int J Eat Disord. 2003;34:370-4 pubmed
    ..Sexual orientation may influence certain types of disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in women such as endorsing an extreme ideal of thinness. However, homosexual and heterosexual women reported more similarities than differences. ..
  43. Dibble S, Roberts S, Nussey B. Comparing breast cancer risk between lesbians and their heterosexual sisters. Womens Health Issues. 2004;14:60-8 pubmed
    ..When a lesbian has a lump or a suspicious mammogram, she needs her clinician to advocate for her within the health care system because she is at higher risk for having cancer than a heterosexual woman. ..
  44. Rahman Q. The neurodevelopment of human sexual orientation. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2005;29:1057-66 pubmed
    ..Future investigations, across the neurosciences, should focus to elucidate the fundamental neural architecture underlying the target-specific direction of human sexual orientation, and their antecedents in developmental neurobiology. ..
  45. Trettin S, Moses Kolko E, Wisner K. Lesbian perinatal depression and the heterosexism that affects knowledge about this minority population. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2006;9:67-73 pubmed
    ..We use an analysis of stress factors as a framework to generate hypotheses about perinatal depression in lesbian women. We conclude with suggestions for future study in the form of questions that should be asked and pursued in research. ..
  46. King M, Nazareth I. The health of people classified as lesbian, gay and bisexual attending family practitioners in London: a controlled study. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:127 pubmed
    ..Increased awareness of the sexuality of people seen in primary care can provide opportunities for health promotion. ..
  47. Bogaert A, Friesen C. Sexual orientation and height, weight, and age of puberty: new tests from a British national probability sample. Biol Psychol. 2002;59:135-45 pubmed
    ..1 cm). The results challenge some prior research on sexual orientation and physical development using non-representative samples. ..
  48. Marrazzo J, Koutsky L, Kiviat N, Kuypers J, Stine K. Papanicolaou test screening and prevalence of genital human papillomavirus among women who have sex with women. Am J Public Health. 2001;91:947-52 pubmed
    ..Despite the occurrence of genital HPV, WSW do not receive adequate Pap test screening. Pap test screening recommendations should not differ for WSW, regardless of sexual history with men. ..
  49. Meyer I. Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychol Bull. 2003;129:674-97 pubmed
    ..This conceptual framework is the basis for the review of research evidence, suggestions for future research directions, and exploration of public policy implications. ..
  50. King M, McKeown E, Warner J, Ramsay A, Johnson K, Cort C, et al. Mental health and quality of life of gay men and lesbians in England and Wales: controlled, cross-sectional study. Br J Psychiatry. 2003;183:552-8 pubmed
  51. Marrazzo J, Koutsky L, Handsfield H. Characteristics of female sexually transmitted disease clinic clients who report same-sex behaviour. Int J STD AIDS. 2001;12:41-6 pubmed
  52. Marrazzo J, Coffey P, Bingham A. Sexual practices, risk perception and knowledge of sexually transmitted disease risk among lesbian and bisexual women. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2005;37:6-12 pubmed
  53. Bontempo D, D Augelli A. Effects of at-school victimization and sexual orientation on lesbian, gay, or bisexual youths' health risk behavior. J Adolesc Health. 2002;30:364-74 pubmed
    ..The findings provide evidence that differences in health risks among LGB youth are mediated by victimization at school. Such victimization of LGB youth is associated with health risk behaviors. ..