homosexuality

Summary

Summary: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the same SEX.

Top Publications

  1. Rice W, Friberg U, Gavrilets S. Homosexuality as a consequence of epigenetically canalized sexual development. Q Rev Biol. 2012;87:343-68 pubmed
    Male and female homosexuality have substantial prevalence in humans...
  2. Rosenfeld M. Nontraditional families and childhood progress through school. Demography. 2010;47:755-75 pubmed
    ..Children ofallfamily types (including children ofsame-sex couples) are far more likely to make normal progress through school than are children living in group quarters (such as orphanages and shelters). ..
  3. Buchmueller T, Carpenter C. Disparities in health insurance coverage, access, and outcomes for individuals in same-sex versus different-sex relationships, 2000-2007. Am J Public Health. 2010;100:489-95 pubmed publisher
  4. Freeman J, Johnson K, Ambady N, Rule N. Sexual orientation perception involves gendered facial cues. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2010;36:1318-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, the findings demonstrate that perceivers utilize gendered facial cues to glean another's sexual orientation, and this influences the accuracy or error of judgments. ..
  5. Lingiardi V, Falanga S, D Augelli A. The evaluation of homophobia in an Italian sample. Arch Sex Behav. 2005;34:81-93 pubmed
    ..Consistent with previous research, male university students demonstrated more negative attitudes towards gay and lesbian people than female students. ..
  6. Van Heeringen C, Vincke J. Suicidal acts and ideation in homosexual and bisexual young people: a study of prevalence and risk factors. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2000;35:494-9 pubmed
    ..A significantly increased risk of attempted suicide associated with homosexuality or bisexuality was found in females...
  7. Pedersen W, Kristiansen H. Homosexual experience, desire and identity among young adults. J Homosex. 2008;54:68-102 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that levels of prevalence of homosexuality were primarily a function of the criteria we used...
  8. Heck J, Sell R, Gorin S. Health care access among individuals involved in same-sex relationships. Am J Public Health. 2006;96:1111-8 pubmed
    ..In this study involving a nationwide probability sample, we found some important differences in access to health care between individuals in same-sex and opposite-sex relationships, particularly women. ..
  9. Pruitt M. Size matters: a comparison of anti- and pro-gay organizations' estimates of the size of the gay population. J Homosex. 2002;42:21-9 pubmed

More Information

Publications62

  1. Rahman Q, Wilson G, Abrahams S. Performance differences between adult heterosexual and homosexual men on the Digit-Symbol Substitution subtest of the WAIS-R. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2004;26:141-8 pubmed
    ..The magnitude of these differences were modest by standard criteria. No differences were found between heterosexual and homosexual women. The findings implicate within-sex variation in one test that relies on intact executive function. ..
  2. Griffith K, Hebl M. The disclosure dilemma for gay men and lesbians: "coming out" at work. J Appl Psychol. 2002;87:1191-9 pubmed
    ..Reactions of coworkers to gay or lesbian workers mediated the relationship between disclosure and gay/lesbian workers' job attitudes. Implications and solutions for management are discussed. ..
  3. Diamond L. New paradigms for research on heterosexual and sexual-minority development. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2003;32:490-8 pubmed
    ..Correcting these weaknesses has important implications for future research on how same-sex and other-sex sexuality shape adolescent psychosocial development and clinical child and adolescent problems. ..
  4. Lalumière M, Blanchard R, Zucker K. Sexual orientation and handedness in men and women: a meta-analysis. Psychol Bull. 2000;126:575-92 pubmed
    ..The authors discuss 3 possibilities: cerebral laterality and prenatal exposure to sex hormones, maternal immunological reactions to the fetus, and developmental instability. ..
  5. Drabble L, Midanik L, Trocki K. Reports of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems among homosexual, bisexual and heterosexual respondents: results from the 2000 National Alcohol Survey. J Stud Alcohol. 2005;66:111-20 pubmed
    ..These findings also emphasize the need for the inclusion of sexual-orientation items in population-based surveys so that prevalence rates within these subgroups can be effectively monitored. ..
  6. Smith Y, van Goozen S, Kuiper A, Cohen Kettenis P. Transsexual subtypes: clinical and theoretical significance. Psychiatry Res. 2005;137:151-60 pubmed
    ..The more vulnerable nonhomosexual transsexuals may particularly benefit from additional professional guidance before and/or during treatment. ..
  7. Rostosky S, Korfhage B, Duhigg J, Stern A, Bennett L, Riggle E. Same-sex couple perceptions of family support: a consensual qualitative study. Fam Process. 2004;43:43-57 pubmed
    ..No general or typical response strategies to lack of family of origin support emerged, suggesting a lack of models or norms for same-sex couples. The implications for psychotherapeutic interventions with same-sex couples are discussed. ..
  8. Frisch M, Hviid A. Childhood family correlates of heterosexual and homosexual marriages: a national cohort study of two million Danes. Arch Sex Behav. 2006;35:533-47 pubmed
    ..Our study provides population-based, prospective evidence that childhood family experiences are important determinants of heterosexual and homosexual marriage decisions in adulthood. ..
  9. King M, Smith G, Bartlett A. Treatments of homosexuality in Britain since the 1950s--an oral history: the experience of professionals. BMJ. 2004;328:429 pubmed
    To investigate the experiences of professionals who administered and evaluated treatments for homosexuality in Britain since the 1950s. A nationwide study based on qualitative interviews...
  10. Martin J, Nguyen D. Anthropometric analysis of homosexuals and heterosexuals: implications for early hormone exposure. Horm Behav. 2004;45:31-9 pubmed
  11. Zea M, Reisen C, Diaz R. Methodological issues in research on sexual behavior with Latino gay and bisexual men. Am J Community Psychol. 2003;31:281-91 pubmed
    ..The relationship between researchers and participants is affected by Latino cultural styles, and suggestions for approaches to conduct research in the Latino gay community are offered. ..
  12. Rahman Q, Wilson G, Abrahams S. Sexual orientation related differences in spatial memory. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2003;9:376-83 pubmed
  13. Savic I, Lindstrom P. PET and MRI show differences in cerebral asymmetry and functional connectivity between homo- and heterosexual subjects. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:9403-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study shows sex-atypical cerebral asymmetry and functional connections in homosexual subjects. The results cannot be primarily ascribed to learned effects, and they suggest a linkage to neurobiological entities. ..
  14. Blake S, Ledsky R, Lehman T, Goodenow C, Sawyer R, Hack T. Preventing sexual risk behaviors among gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents: the benefits of gay-sensitive HIV instruction in schools. Am J Public Health. 2001;91:940-6 pubmed
    ..05). The findings document increased risk behaviors among GLB youths and demonstrate the potential benefits of providing gay-sensitive HIV instruction in schools. ..
  15. Blanchard R. Supplementary analyses regarding Langevin, Langevin, and Curnoe's (2007) findings on fraternal birth order in homosexual men. Arch Sex Behav. 2007;36:610-4; discussion 615-6 pubmed
    ..the fraternal birth order effect, that is, the repeatedly observed finding that older brothers correlate with homosexuality in later-born males...
  16. Langevin R, Langevin M, Curnoe S. Family size, birth order, and parental age among male paraphilics and sex offenders. Arch Sex Behav. 2007;36:599-609 pubmed
  17. Eisenberg M, Resnick M. Suicidality among gay, lesbian and bisexual youth: the role of protective factors. J Adolesc Health. 2006;39:662-8 pubmed
    ..If protective factors were enhanced among GLB youth, suicide in this population is expected to be considerably lower. Protective factors examined here are amenable to change and should be targeted in interventions. ..
  18. Herek G, Garnets L. Sexual orientation and mental health. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2007;3:353-75 pubmed
    ..The review concludes with a brief discussion of priority areas for empirical research and clinical practice. ..
  19. Pawelski J, Perrin E, Foy J, Allen C, Crawford J, Del Monte M, et al. The effects of marriage, civil union, and domestic partnership laws on the health and well-being of children. Pediatrics. 2006;118:349-64 pubmed
  20. Jiang J, Chai C. The complete classification for dynamics in a homosexually-transmitted disease model. J Math Biol. 2008;56:373-90 pubmed
    ..This classification not only solves a conjecture proposed in (Li et al., J Math Biol 10:1037-1052, 1986) but also gives the sufficient and necessary conditions for the competitive exclusion. ..
  21. Grella C, Greenwell L, Mays V, Cochran S. Influence of gender, sexual orientation, and need on treatment utilization for substance use and mental disorders: findings from the California Quality of Life Survey. BMC Psychiatry. 2009;9:52 pubmed publisher
  22. Trocki K, Drabble L, Midanik L. Use of heavier drinking contexts among heterosexuals, homosexuals and bisexuals: results from a National Household Probability Survey. J Stud Alcohol. 2005;66:105-10 pubmed
    ..The frequency of being in these two social contexts does not appear to be associated with heavier drinking within these contexts for men, but it may be related to heavier drinking in those places among some groups of women. ..
  23. Sandfort T, de Graaf R, Bijl R, Schnabel P. Same-sex sexual behavior and psychiatric disorders: findings from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS). Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2001;58:85-91 pubmed
    It has been suggested that homosexuality is associated with psychiatric morbidity...
  24. Ostrow D, Fox K, Chmiel J, Silvestre A, Visscher B, Vanable P, et al. Attitudes towards highly active antiretroviral therapy are associated with sexual risk taking among HIV-infected and uninfected homosexual men. AIDS. 2002;16:775-80 pubmed
    ..Prevention programs should take into account underlying attitudes for unprotected sex in the era of HAART among both HIV-infected and uninfected men. ..
  25. Jorm A, Korten A, Rodgers B, Jacomb P, Christensen H. Sexual orientation and mental health: results from a community survey of young and middle-aged adults. Br J Psychiatry. 2002;180:423-7 pubmed
    ..Homosexuals reported greater childhood adversity and less positive support from family. The bisexual group had the worst mental health, although homosexual participants also tended to report more distress. ..
  26. Blanchard R. Quantitative and theoretical analyses of the relation between older brothers and homosexuality in men. J Theor Biol. 2004;230:173-87 pubmed
    Meta-analysis of aggregate data from 14 samples representing 10,143 male subjects shows that homosexuality in human males is predicted by higher numbers of older brothers, but not by higher numbers of older sisters, younger brothers, or ..
  27. Zuckerman R, Whittington W, Celum C, Collis T, Lucchetti A, Sanchez J, et al. Higher concentration of HIV RNA in rectal mucosa secretions than in blood and seminal plasma, among men who have sex with men, independent of antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2004;190:156-61 pubmed
    ..Thus, controlling for plasma HIV RNA, ART had an independent effect on seminal, but not rectal, HIV levels. ..
  28. van Goozen S, Slabbekoorn D, Gooren L, Sanders G, Cohen Kettenis P. Organizing and activating effects of sex hormones in homosexual transsexuals. Behav Neurosci. 2002;116:982-8 pubmed
    ..Homosexual transsexuals, who prior to hormone treatment scored in the direction of the opposite sex, may have reached a ceiling in performance and therefore do not benefit from activating hormonal effects. ..
  29. Burgard S, Cochran S, Mays V. Alcohol and tobacco use patterns among heterosexually and homosexually experienced California women. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005;77:61-70 pubmed
    ..Findings underscore the importance of considering within-group differences among homosexually experienced women in risk for tobacco and dysfunctional alcohol use. ..
  30. Russell S, Joyner K. Adolescent sexual orientation and suicide risk: evidence from a national study. Am J Public Health. 2001;91:1276-81 pubmed
    ..The findings provide strong evidence that sexual minority youths are more likely than their peers to think about and attempt suicide. ..
  31. Copas A, Wellings K, Erens B, Mercer C, McManus S, Fenton K, et al. The accuracy of reported sensitive sexual behaviour in Britain: exploring the extent of change 1990-2000. Sex Transm Infect. 2002;78:26-30 pubmed
    ..However, the evidence is not conclusive, and may not be generalisable to all such behaviours. The increase found in the reported prevalence of STI risk behaviours between Natsal 1990 and Natsal 2000 is likely to be somewhat overstated. ..
  32. Saewyc E, Homma Y, Skay C, Bearinger L, Resnick M, Reis E. Protective factors in the lives of bisexual adolescents in North America. Am J Public Health. 2009;99:110-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Social connectedness should be monitored by including questions about protective factors in youth health surveys. ..
  33. Lasco M, Jordan T, Edgar M, Petito C, Byne W. A lack of dimorphism of sex or sexual orientation in the human anterior commissure. Brain Res. 2002;936:95-8 pubmed
    ..We examined the cross-sectional area of the AC in postmortem material from 120 individuals, and found no variation in the size of the AC with age, HIV status, sex, or sexual orientation. ..
  34. Wainright J, Patterson C. Peer relations among adolescents with female same-sex parents. Dev Psychol. 2008;44:117-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Regardless of family type, adolescents whose parents described closer relationships with them reported higher quality peer relations and more friends in school and were rated as more central in their friendship networks. ..
  35. Lawrence A. Becoming what we love: autogynephilic transsexualism conceptualized as an expression of romantic love. Perspect Biol Med. 2007;50:506-20 pubmed
    ..This broader conception of autogynephilia addresses many of the objections to Blanchard's theory and is consistent with a variety of clinical observations concerning autogynephilic MtF transsexualism. ..
  36. Rahman Q, Koerting J. Sexual orientation-related differences in allocentric spatial memory tasks. Hippocampus. 2008;18:55-63 pubmed
    ..These data may limit the number of possible neurodevelopmental pathways responsible for sexual variation in components of spatial learning and memory. ..
  37. Millett G, Flores S, Peterson J, Bakeman R. Explaining disparities in HIV infection among black and white men who have sex with men: a meta-analysis of HIV risk behaviors. AIDS. 2007;21:2083-91 pubmed
    ..Future research should focus on the contribution of other factors, such as social networks, to explain racial disparities in HIV infection rates. ..
  38. Rosario M, Schrimshaw E, Hunter J, Gwadz M. Gay-related stress and emotional distress among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths: a longitudinal examination. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2002;70:967-75 pubmed
    ..e., gay-related stressful events, negative attitudes toward homosexuality, and discomfort with homosexuality) and emotional distress (i.e...
  39. Paul T, Schiffer B, Zwarg T, Kruger T, Karama S, Schedlowski M, et al. Brain response to visual sexual stimuli in heterosexual and homosexual males. Hum Brain Mapp. 2008;29:726-35 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the activation pattern found in both groups suggests that stimuli of opposite sexual orientation triggered intense autonomic response and may be perceived, at least to some extent, as aversive. ..
  40. Mausbach B, Semple S, Strathdee S, Zians J, Patterson T. Efficacy of a behavioral intervention for increasing safer sex behaviors in HIV-positive MSM methamphetamine users: results from the EDGE study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007;87:249-57 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that it is possible to reduce high risk sexual behaviors in the context of ongoing methamphetamine use among HIV-infected MSM. ..
  41. Steffens M, Wagner C. Attitudes toward lesbians, gay men, bisexual women, and bisexual men in Germany. J Sex Res. 2004;41:137-49 pubmed
    ..women held more favorable attitudes than men; and men held more favorable attitudes toward female than male homosexuality, whereas women did not differentiate...
  42. de Graaf R, Sandfort T, Ten Have M. Suicidality and sexual orientation: differences between men and women in a general population-based sample from the Netherlands. Arch Sex Behav. 2006;35:253-62 pubmed
    b>Homosexuality has been shown to be associated with suicidality and mental disorders. It is unclear whether homosexuality is related to suicidality, independently of mental disorders...
  43. Chivers M, Rieger G, Latty E, Bailey J. A sex difference in the specificity of sexual arousal. Psychol Sci. 2004;15:736-44 pubmed
    ..In a second study, we showed that our results for females are unlikely to be explained by ascertainment biases. These findings suggest that sexual arousal patterns play fundamentally different roles in male and female sexuality. ..
  44. Andersson G, Noack T, Seierstad A, Weedon Fekjaer H. The demographics of same-sex marriages in Norway and Sweden. Demography. 2006;43:79-98 pubmed
    ..Patterns in divorce risks are rather similar in same-sex and opposite-sex marriages, but divorce-risk levels are considerably higher in same-sex marriages. The divorce riskforfemale partnerships is double that for male partnerships. ..
  45. Lampinen T, McGhee D, Martin I. Increased risk of "club" drug use among gay and bisexual high school students in British Columbia. J Adolesc Health. 2006;38:458-61 pubmed
    ..28), ecstasy (OR = 3.29), and ketamine (OR = 8.26) among the 2.5% of 590 students, mostly girls, who self-identified as gay, lesbian, or bisexual. Targeted research and interventions may be warranted. ..
  46. Wainright J, Russell S, Patterson C. Psychosocial adjustment, school outcomes, and romantic relationships of adolescents with same-sex parents. Child Dev. 2004;75:1886-98 pubmed
    ..Assessments of romantic relationships and sexual behavior were not associated with family type. Regardless of family type, adolescents whose parents described closer relationships with them reported better school adjustment. ..
  47. Fitzpatrick K, Euton S, Jones J, Schmidt N. Gender role, sexual orientation and suicide risk. J Affect Disord. 2005;87:35-42 pubmed
    There has been interest in the relationship between homosexuality, gender role and suicide risk...
  48. Rahman Q, Andersson D, Govier E. A specific sexual orientation-related difference in navigation strategy. Behav Neurosci. 2005;119:311-6 pubmed
    ..The findings may limit the number of putative neurodevelopmental pathways responsible for sex differences in navigation strategy utility. ..
  49. Whittington W, Collis T, Dithmer Schreck D, Handsfield H, Shalit P, Wood R, et al. Sexually transmitted diseases and human immunodeficiency virus-discordant partnerships among men who have sex with men. Clin Infect Dis. 2002;35:1010-7 pubmed
    ..High prevalences of bacterial STDs and HIV-discordant partnerships emphasize the need for interventions to foster serostatus discussion, condom use, fewer anonymous partners, and STD screening. ..
  50. Li J, Ma Z, Blythe S, Castillo Chavez C. Coexistence of pathogens in sexually-transmitted disease models. J Math Biol. 2003;47:547-68 pubmed
    ..We find that both strains may under suitable circumstances coexist, and that it is the heterogeneous mixing that creates "refuges" for each strain as each population group favors one particular strain. ..
  51. Rieger G, Linsenmeier J, Gygax L, Bailey J. Sexual orientation and childhood gender nonconformity: evidence from home videos. Dev Psychol. 2008;44:46-58 pubmed publisher
    ..This difference emerged early, carried into adulthood, and was consistent with self-report. In addition, targets who were more gender nonconforming tended to recall more childhood rejection. ..
  52. Kirk K, Bailey J, Dunne M, Martin N. Measurement models for sexual orientation in a community twin sample. Behav Genet. 2000;30:345-56 pubmed
    ..2000). Estimates of the heritability of homosexuality in this sample ranged between 50 and 60% in females but were significantly lower (heritability of ..
  53. Cochran S. Emerging issues in research on lesbians' and gay men's mental health: does sexual orientation really matter?. Am Psychol. 2001;56:931-47 pubmed
    ..Although methodological obstacles are substantial, failure to consider research questions in this domain overlooks the welfare of individuals who may represent a sizable minority of those accessing mental health services annually. ..