bisexuality

Summary

Summary: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of both the same and the opposite SEX.

Top Publications

  1. Young I, Li J, McDaid L. Awareness and willingness to use HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis amongst gay and bisexual men in Scotland: implications for biomedical HIV prevention. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e64038 pubmed publisher
    ..Future biomedical HIV interventions need to consider the links between sexual risk behaviour, testing, and potential PrEP use. ..
  2. Boehmer U, Miao X, Linkletter C, Clark M. Adult health behaviors over the life course by sexual orientation. Am J Public Health. 2012;102:292-300 pubmed publisher
    ..Other risk behaviors differed with age. Some behavioral change interventions should target lesbians, gays, and bisexuals at all ages, whereas other interventions should specifically target individuals at younger ages. ..
  3. Jun H, Corliss H, Nichols L, Pazaris M, Spiegelman D, Austin S. Adult body mass index trajectories and sexual orientation: the Nurses' Health Study II. Am J Prev Med. 2012;42:348-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Both lesbian and bisexual women were more likely than heterosexual women to experience adverse-weight-gain trajectories in adulthood. New research efforts are needed to understand and eliminate these pronounced disparities. ..
  4. Austin S, Pazaris M, Rosner B, Bowen D, Rich Edwards J, Spiegelman D. Application of the Rosner-Colditz risk prediction model to estimate sexual orientation group disparities in breast cancer risk in a U.S. cohort of premenopausal women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012;21:2201-8 pubmed publisher
  5. Eliason M, Dibble S, Robertson P. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) physicians' experiences in the workplace. J Homosex. 2011;58:1355-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Few had received any formal education on LGBT issues in medical school or residency. It appears that medical schools and health care workplaces continue to ignore LGBT issues and operate in discriminatory fashion far too often. ..
  6. Rosenthal A, Sylva D, Safron A, Bailey J. The male bisexuality debate revisited: some bisexual men have bisexual arousal patterns. Arch Sex Behav. 2012;41:135-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Some bisexual-identified men have bisexual genital arousal patterns, although it remains unclear how common they are. ..
  7. Holt M, Murphy D, Callander D, Ellard J, Rosengarten M, Kippax S, et al. Willingness to use HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and the likelihood of decreased condom use are both associated with unprotected anal intercourse and the perceived likelihood of becoming HIV positive among Australian gay and bisexual men. Sex Transm Infect. 2012;88:258-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The minority of men who expressed willingness to use PrEP appear to be appropriate candidates, given that they are likely to report UAIC and to perceive themselves to be at risk of HIV. ..
  8. Rothman E, Sullivan M, Keyes S, Boehmer U. Parents' supportive reactions to sexual orientation disclosure associated with better health: results from a population-based survey of LGB adults in Massachusetts. J Homosex. 2012;59:186-200 pubmed publisher
  9. Shields J, Whitaker K, Glassman J, Franks H, Howard K. Impact of victimization on risk of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual high school students in San Francisco. J Adolesc Health. 2012;50:418-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Additional research should focus on identification of other factors that may help further explain elevated suicide risk among LGB youth. ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Krakower D, Mimiaga M, Rosenberger J, Novak D, Mitty J, White J, et al. Limited Awareness and Low Immediate Uptake of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis among Men Who Have Sex with Men Using an Internet Social Networking Site. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e33119 pubmed publisher
    ..Utilization was low, although some MSM who reported high-risk behaviors were interested in using PrEP. Studies are needed to understand barriers to PrEP utilization by at-risk MSM. ..
  2. Blosnich J, Horn K. Associations of discrimination and violence with smoking among emerging adults: differences by gender and sexual orientation. Nicotine Tob Res. 2011;13:1284-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research is needed with more nuanced measures of smoking (e.g., intensity), as well as examining if victimization may interact with smoking cessation. ..
  3. Bourne A, Hickson F, Keogh P, Reid D, Weatherburn P. Problems with sex among gay and bisexual men with diagnosed HIV in the United Kingdom. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:916 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings indicate a need for the maintenance and expansion of services to meet the significant needs of people with diagnosed HIV, especially as these intersect with their ability to negotiate sex that is satisfying. ..
  4. Sandfort T, Baumann L, Matebeni Z, Reddy V, Southey Swartz I. Forced sexual experiences as risk factor for self-reported HIV infection among southern African lesbian and bisexual women. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e53552 pubmed publisher
    ..HIV/AIDS policy should also address the needs of lesbian, bisexual and other women who have sex with women. ..
  5. Pelullo C, Di Giuseppe G, Angelillo I. Human papillomavirus infection: knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among lesbian, gay men, and bisexual in Italy. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e42856 pubmed publisher
    ..Inclusion of boys in the national vaccination program and initiate a catch-up program for men who have sex with men up to 26 years may reduce their burden of HPV-related disease. ..
  6. Blosnich J, Bossarte R, Silenzio V. Suicidal ideation among sexual minority veterans: results from the 2005-2010 Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. Am J Public Health. 2012;102 Suppl 1:S44-7 pubmed publisher
    ..More research is needed about suicide risk among sexual minority veterans; they might be a population for outreach and intervention by the Veterans Health Administration. ..
  7. Patterson C. Sexual orientation across the life span: introduction to the special section. Dev Psychol. 2008;44:1-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The articles in this special section provide only a sampling of current research, but they begin to suggest the vitality and excitement of a field that is coming into its own. ..
  8. Obedin Maliver J, Goldsmith E, Stewart L, White W, Tran E, Brenman S, et al. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender-related content in undergraduate medical education. JAMA. 2011;306:971-7 pubmed publisher
    ..2%-59.3%). The median reported time dedicated to LGBT-related topics in 2009-2010 was small across US and Canadian medical schools, but the quantity, content covered, and perceived quality of instruction varied substantially. ..
  9. Anderson J, Patterson A, Temple H, Inglehart M. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) issues in dental school environments: dental student leaders' perceptions. J Dent Educ. 2009;73:105-18 pubmed
  10. Lane T, Raymond H, Dladla S, Rasethe J, Struthers H, McFarland W, et al. High HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in Soweto, South Africa: results from the Soweto Men's Study. AIDS Behav. 2011;15:626-34 pubmed publisher
    ..7, 95% CI 0.5-0.8). The results of the Soweto Men's Study confirm that MSM are at high risk for HIV infection, with gay men at highest risk. HIV prevention and treatment for MSM are urgently needed. ..
  11. Cochran S, Mays V. Physical health complaints among lesbians, gay men, and bisexual and homosexually experienced heterosexual individuals: results from the California Quality of Life Survey. Am J Public Health. 2007;97:2048-55 pubmed
    ..Among men, differences in health complaints appeared to reflect the ongoing burden of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases in the gay male community. ..
  12. Jackson N, Johnson M, Roberts R. The potential impact of discrimination fears of older gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender individuals living in small- to moderate-sized cities on long-term health care. J Homosex. 2008;54:325-39 pubmed publisher
    ..This study is offered as a preliminary investigation of concerns about GLBT discrimination in health care settings, how concerns are expressed, and the implications of those concerns for health care needs. ..
  13. Ryan C, Huebner D, Diaz R, Sanchez J. Family rejection as a predictor of negative health outcomes in white and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Pediatrics. 2009;123:346-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Counseling families, providing anticipatory guidance, and referring families for counseling and support can help make a critical difference in helping decrease risk and increasing well-being for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. ..
  14. Egan J, Frye V, Kurtz S, Latkin C, Chen M, Tobin K, et al. Migration, neighborhoods, and networks: approaches to understanding how urban environmental conditions affect syndemic adverse health outcomes among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men. AIDS Behav. 2011;15 Suppl 1:S35-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these findings suggest the need for further investigation into the role of macro-level social forces on the emotional, behavioral, and physical health of urban MSM. ..
  15. Kertzner R, Meyer I, Frost D, Stirratt M. Social and psychological well-being in lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals: the effects of race, gender, age, and sexual identity. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2009;79:500-10 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Bisexuality and young age, but not gender and racial/ethnic minority status, were associated with decreased social well-..
  16. Coker T, Austin S, Schuster M. The health and health care of lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents. Annu Rev Public Health. 2010;31:457-77 pubmed publisher
    ..We also examine health care provision and utilization for LGB youth. Lastly, we discuss ways in which researchers and clinicians can improve LGB adolescent health and health care. ..
  17. Siegel K, Schrimshaw E, LEKAS H, Parsons J. Sexual behaviors of non-gay identified non-disclosing men who have sex with men and women. Arch Sex Behav. 2008;37:720-35 pubmed publisher
  18. Mutchler M, Bogart L, Elliott M, McKay T, Suttorp M, Schuster M. Psychosocial correlates of unprotected sex without disclosure of HIV-positivity among African-American, Latino, and White men who have sex with men and women. Arch Sex Behav. 2008;37:736-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Culturally tailored community-level interventions may help to raise awareness about HIV and bisexuality, and decrease HIV and sexual orientation stigma, thereby increasing African-American and Latino MSMW's comfort ..
  19. Gruskin E, Greenwood G, Matevia M, Pollack L, Bye L, Albright V. Cigar and smokeless tobacco use in the lesbian, gay, and bisexual population. Nicotine Tob Res. 2007;9:937-40 pubmed
    ..The prevalence rates for lifetime and current cigar smoking and smokeless tobacco use were lower for all LGB subpopulations compared with the general population...
  20. Jaffe A, Shoptaw S, Stein J, Reback C, Rotheram Fuller E. Depression ratings, reported sexual risk behaviors, and methamphetamine use: latent growth curve models of positive change among gay and bisexual men in an outpatient treatment program. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2007;15:301-7 pubmed
    ..This suggests that some users who respond well to treatment may show improvement in these co-occurring problems without a need for more intensive targeted interventions. ..
  21. Munoz Laboy M, Dodge B. Bisexual Latino men and HIV and sexually transmitted infections risk: an exploratory analysis. Am J Public Health. 2007;97:1102-6 pubmed
    ..Further research that explores risk and protective factors in the sexual lives of Latino bisexual men is also needed. ..
  22. Rosario M, Schrimshaw E, Hunter J. A model of sexual risk behaviors among young gay and bisexual men: longitudinal associations of mental health, substance abuse, sexual abuse, and the coming-out process. AIDS Educ Prev. 2006;18:444-60 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that interventions targeting sexual risk behaviors of young gay and bisexual men may be more effective if they also address mental health concerns and aspects of the coming-out process. ..
  23. Eisenberg M, Resnick M. Suicidality among gay, lesbian and bisexual youth: the role of protective factors. J Adolesc Health. 2006;39:662-8 pubmed
    ..If protective factors were enhanced among GLB youth, suicide in this population is expected to be considerably lower. Protective factors examined here are amenable to change and should be targeted in interventions. ..
  24. King M, Nazareth I. The health of people classified as lesbian, gay and bisexual attending family practitioners in London: a controlled study. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:127 pubmed
    ..Increased awareness of the sexuality of people seen in primary care can provide opportunities for health promotion. ..
  25. Kumta S, Lurie M, Weitzen S, Jerajani H, Gogate A, Row Kavi A, et al. Bisexuality, sexual risk taking, and HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men accessing voluntary counseling and testing services in Mumbai, India. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010;53:227-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Culturally appropriate interventions that focus on sexual risk behavior and promote condom use among MSM, particularly the bridge population of bisexual men, are needed to slow the urban Indian AIDS epidemic. ..
  26. Friedman M, Marshal M, Stall R, Cheong J, Wright E. Gay-related development, early abuse and adult health outcomes among gay males. AIDS Behav. 2008;12:891-902 pubmed
    ..This analysis suggests that the experience of homophobic attacks against young gay/bisexual male youth helps to explain heightened rates of serious health problems among adult gay men. ..
  27. Rajabali A, Khan S, Warraich H, Khanani M, Ali S. HIV and homosexuality in Pakistan. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008;8:511-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe the Pakistani homosexual and bisexual culture, review statistics regarding HIV prevalence and risk behaviour, and identify areas of improvement in the HIV policy with specific focus on men who have sex with men. ..
  28. Dilley J, Spigner C, Boysun M, Dent C, Pizacani B. Does tobacco industry marketing excessively impact lesbian, gay and bisexual communities?. Tob Control. 2008;17:385-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Strategies to limit tobacco industry marketing, and increase individuals' resistance to marketing, may be critical to reducing smoking among LGB populations. ..
  29. Saewyc E, Homma Y, Skay C, Bearinger L, Resnick M, Reis E. Protective factors in the lives of bisexual adolescents in North America. Am J Public Health. 2009;99:110-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Social connectedness should be monitored by including questions about protective factors in youth health surveys. ..
  30. Birkett M, Espelage D, Koenig B. LGB and questioning students in schools: the moderating effects of homophobic bullying and school climate on negative outcomes. J Youth Adolesc. 2009;38:989-1000 pubmed publisher
    ..Results indicate that schools have the ability to lessen negative outcomes for LGB and sexually questioning students through creating positive climates and reducing homophobic teasing. ..
  31. Feldman M, Diaz R, Ream G, El Bassel N. Intimate partner violence and HIV sexual risk behavior among Latino gay and bisexual men. J LGBT Health Res. 2007;3:9-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Sexual abuse [RR = 3.22; 95% CI = 1.00, 10.37], emerged as significant even while controlling for the other two dimensions of IPV. ..
  32. Bimbi D, Nanin J, Parsons J, Vicioso K, Missildine W, Frost D. Assessing gay and bisexual men's outcome expectancies for sexual risk under the influence of alcohol and drugs. Subst Use Misuse. 2006;41:643-52 pubmed
    ..Therapists and other health and social service providers working with gay and bisexual men should explore the connection between sexual risk and being under the influence to uncover psychosocial mechanisms related to this phenomenon. ..
  33. Cochran S, Mays V, Alegria M, Ortega A, Takeuchi D. Mental health and substance use disorders among Latino and Asian American lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2007;75:785-94 pubmed
    ..However, the level of morbidity among sexual orientation minorities in the NLAAS appears similar to or lower than that observed in population-based studies of lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. ..
  34. He N, Wong F, Huang Z, Ding Y, Fu C, Smith B, et al. HIV risks among two types of male migrants in Shanghai, China: money boys vs. general male migrants. AIDS. 2007;21 Suppl 8:S73-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Some recommendations for conducting interventions among the male migrant population in China are suggested. ..
  35. King M, Semlyen J, Tai S, Killaspy H, Osborn D, Popelyuk D, et al. A systematic review of mental disorder, suicide, and deliberate self harm in lesbian, gay and bisexual people. BMC Psychiatry. 2008;8:70 pubmed publisher
    ..28, CI 2.32, 7.88). LGB people are at higher risk of mental disorder, suicidal ideation, substance misuse, and deliberate self harm than heterosexual people. ..
  36. Berg M, Mimiaga M, Safren S. Mental health concerns of gay and bisexual men seeking mental health services. J Homosex. 2008;54:293-306 pubmed publisher
  37. Hatzenbuehler M, McLaughlin K, Keyes K, Hasin D. The impact of institutional discrimination on psychiatric disorders in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: a prospective study. Am J Public Health. 2010;100:452-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Living in states with discriminatory policies may have pernicious consequences for the mental health of LGB populations. These findings lend scientific support to recent efforts to overturn these policies. ..
  38. Reiter P, Brewer N, McRee A, Gilbert P, Smith J. Acceptability of HPV vaccine among a national sample of gay and bisexual men. Sex Transm Dis. 2010;37:197-203 pubmed publisher
    ..57-3.61). HPV vaccine acceptability was high among gay and bisexual men. These findings identify potentially important beliefs and attitudes for future communication efforts about HPV and HPV vaccine among gay and bisexual men. ..
  39. Padilla Y, Crisp C, REW D. Parental acceptance and illegal drug use among gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents: results from a national survey. Soc Work. 2010;55:265-75 pubmed
    ..Implications of the findings for social work practice are discussed...
  40. Halkitis P, Mukherjee P, Palamar J. Longitudinal modeling of methamphetamine use and sexual risk behaviors in gay and bisexual men. AIDS Behav. 2009;13:783-91 pubmed publisher
    ..HIV prevention and intervention should concurrently target both these behaviors. ..
  41. Gruskin E, Greenwood G, Matevia M, Pollack L, Bye L. Disparities in smoking between the lesbian, gay, and bisexual population and the general population in California. Am J Public Health. 2007;97:1496-502 pubmed
    ..Tobacco control efforts targeting the LGB population are needed to reduce this group's high rate of cigarette smoking. ..
  42. Solomon S, Srikrishnan A, Sifakis F, Mehta S, Vasudevan C, Balakrishnan P, et al. The emerging HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men in Tamil Nadu, India: geographic diffusion and bisexual concurrency. AIDS Behav. 2010;14:1001-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The high STI and UAI prevalence may lead to a burgeoning HIV epidemic among MSM, reinforcing the need for focused preventive measures incorporating complex circumstances. ..
  43. Smith E, Thomson K, Offen N, Malone R. "If you know you exist, it's just marketing poison": meanings of tobacco industry targeting in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community. Am J Public Health. 2008;98:996-1003 pubmed publisher
    ..Participants did not view tobacco as a gay health issue. Targeting is a key aspect of corporate-community interaction. A better understanding of targeting may aid public health efforts to counter corporate disease promotion. ..
  44. Chakraborty A, McManus S, Brugha T, Bebbington P, King M. Mental health of the non-heterosexual population of England. Br J Psychiatry. 2011;198:143-8 pubmed publisher
  45. Wolitski R, Fenton K. Sexual health, HIV, and sexually transmitted infections among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in the United States. AIDS Behav. 2011;15 Suppl 1:S9-17 pubmed publisher
    ..A sexual health approach has the potential to improve our understanding of MSM's sexual behavior and relationships, reduce HIV and STI incidence, and improve the health and well-being of MSM. ..
  46. Hart T, James C, Purcell D, Farber E. Social anxiety and HIV transmission risk among HIV-seropositive male patients. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2008;22:879-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Social anxiety is a relatively robust risk factor for unprotected insertive anal intercourse among MSM. Future work should examine the mechanisms by which social anxiety is associated with sexual risk among MSM. ..
  47. Bostwick W, Boyd C, Hughes T, McCabe S. Dimensions of sexual orientation and the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2010;100:468-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Findings point to mental health disparities among some, but not all, sexual minority groups and emphasize the importance of including multiple measures of sexual orientation in population-based health studies. ..
  48. Conron K, Mimiaga M, LANDERS S. A population-based study of sexual orientation identity and gender differences in adult health. Am J Public Health. 2010;100:1953-60 pubmed publisher
    ..More research on heterogeneity in health and health determinants among sexual minorities is needed. ..
  49. Burks D. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual victimization in the military: an unintended consequence of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell"?. Am Psychol. 2011;66:604-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Implications of repealing DADT are discussed, as are future directions for LGB military research. ..
  50. Blosnich J, Jarrett T, Horn K. Disparities in smoking and acute respiratory illnesses among sexual minority young adults. Lung. 2010;188:401-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Future studies are needed to explore whether chronic respiratory disease caused by smoking (i.e., lung cancer, COPD, emphysema) disproportionately affect sexual minority populations. ..
  51. Dilley J, Simmons K, Boysun M, Pizacani B, Stark M. Demonstrating the importance and feasibility of including sexual orientation in public health surveys: health disparities in the Pacific Northwest. Am J Public Health. 2010;100:460-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Sexual orientation can be effectively included as a standard demographic variable in public health surveillance systems to provide data that support planning interventions and progress toward improving LGB health. ..
  52. Bauer G, Jairam J. Are lesbians really women who have sex with women (WSW)? Methodological concerns in measuring sexual orientation in health research. Women Health. 2008;48:383-408 pubmed publisher
  53. D Augelli A, Grossman A, Starks M. Childhood gender atypicality, victimization, and PTSD among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. J Interpers Violence. 2006;21:1462-82 pubmed
    ..Youth who were considered gender atypical in childhood reported more victimization and more current mental health symptoms. PTSD was found in 9% of youth and was associated with past physical victimization. ..