sex work

Summary

Summary: The act or practice of engaging in sexual relations for money or other benefit.

Top Publications

  1. Lavreys L, Thompson M, Martin H, Mandaliya K, Ndinya Achola J, Bwayo J, et al. Primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection: clinical manifestations among women in Mombasa, Kenya. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;30:486-90 pubmed
    ..5 for acute HIV-1 infection. The recognition of primary HIV-1-infection illness in high-risk populations and subsequent risk-reduction counseling could potentially reduce secondary HIV-1 transmission during this highly infectious period. ..
  2. Popper S, Sarr A, Gueye Ndiaye A, Mboup S, Essex M, Kanki P. Low plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 2 viral load is independent of proviral load: low virus production in vivo. J Virol. 2000;74:1554-7 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that low viral load in HIV-2 infection is due to decreased rates of viral production, rather than differences in target cell infectivity. ..
  3. Simoes E, Babu P, John T, Nirmala S, Solomon S, Lakshminarayana C, et al. Evidence for HTLV-III infection in prostitutes in Tamil Nadu (India). Indian J Med Res. 1987;85:335-8 pubmed
    ..Sexual exposure to foreigners was a significant factor in the infected women. ..
  4. Andanda P. Vulnerability: sex workers in Nairobi's Majengo slum. Camb Q Healthc Ethics. 2009;18:138-46 pubmed publisher
  5. Hogben M, Liddon N. Disinhibition and risk compensation: scope, definitions, and perspective. Sex Transm Dis. 2008;35:1009-10 pubmed publisher
  6. Tucker J, Chen X, Peeling R. Syphilis and social upheaval in China. N Engl J Med. 2010;362:1658-61 pubmed publisher
  7. Laga M, Manoka A, Kivuvu M, Malele B, Tuliza M, Nzila N, et al. Non-ulcerative sexually transmitted diseases as risk factors for HIV-1 transmission in women: results from a cohort study. AIDS. 1993;7:95-102 pubmed
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether treatable STD enhanced sexual transmission of HIV-1 in a cohort of female prostitutes in Kinshasa, Zaire...
  8. Maman S, Murray K, Napierala Mavedzenge S, Oluoch L, Sijenje F, Agot K, et al. A qualitative study of secondary distribution of HIV self-test kits by female sex workers in Kenya. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0174629 pubmed publisher
    ..Some women also used self-tests to make more informed sexual decisions with their partners. ..
  9. Morar N, Ramjee G, Abdool Karim S. Vaginal insertion and douching practices among sex workers at truck stops in KwaZulu-Natal. S Afr Med J. 1998;88:470 pubmed

More Information

Publications46

  1. Martin H, Nyange P, Richardson B, Lavreys L, Mandaliya K, Jackson D, et al. Hormonal contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, and risk of heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Infect Dis. 1998;178:1053-9 pubmed
    ..0 (CI, 1.3-3.1). There was a trend for an association between use of high-dose oral contraceptive pills and HIV-1 acquisition (HR, 2.6; CI, 0.8-8.5). ..
  2. Cohen J. AIDS vaccine research. HIV natural resistance field finally overcomes resistance. Science. 2009;326:1476-7 pubmed publisher
  3. Martin H, Richardson B, Nyange P, Lavreys L, Hillier S, Chohan B, et al. Vaginal lactobacilli, microbial flora, and risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and sexually transmitted disease acquisition. J Infect Dis. 1999;180:1863-8 pubmed
    ..8; 95% CI, 1.3-2.4). Treatment of BV and promotion of vaginal colonization with lactobacilli should be evaluated as potential interventions to reduce a woman's risk of acquiring HIV-1, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. ..
  4. Wurth M, Schleifer R, McLemore M, Todrys K, Amon J. Condoms as evidence of prostitution in the United States and the criminalization of sex work. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013;16:18626 pubmed publisher
  5. Kilmarx P, Limpakarnjanarat K, Mastro T, Saisorn S, Kaewkungwal J, Korattana S, et al. HIV-1 seroconversion in a prospective study of female sex workers in northern Thailand: continued high incidence among brothel-based women. AIDS. 1998;12:1889-98 pubmed
    ..05) with brothel-based sex work (adjusted risk ratio, 7.3) and Chlamydia trachomatis cervical infection (adjusted risk ratio, 3.3)...
  6. Karim S, Ramjee G. Anal sex and HIV transmission in women. Am J Public Health. 1998;88:1265-6 pubmed
  7. Ishizaki A, Tran V, Nguyen C, Tanimoto T, Hoang H, Pham H, et al. Discrepancies in prevalence trends for HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus in Haiphong, Vietnam from 2007 to 2012. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179616 pubmed publisher
  8. McKeganey N, Barnard M, Leyland A, Coote I, Follet E. Female streetworking prostitution and HIV infection in Glasgow. BMJ. 1992;305:801-4 pubmed
    ..HIV is not as widespread among female prostitutes as many reports in the tabloid press suggest. A greater proportion of female streetworking prostitutes in Glasgow are injecting drugs than has been reported for other British cities. ..
  9. Overs C, Loff B. Toward a legal framework that promotes and protects sex workers' health and human rights. Health Hum Rights. 2013;15:E186-96 pubmed
  10. Shannon K, Csete J. Violence, condom negotiation, and HIV/STI risk among sex workers. JAMA. 2010;304:573-4 pubmed publisher
  11. O Halloran A, Armstrong G, Medhi G, Sono C, Mahanta J, Kermode M. HIV risks vary according to type of sex work in a cross-sectional survey from Nagaland, India. BMC Womens Health. 2014;14:133 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between categories of sex work and HIV risks...
  12. Awungafac G, Delvaux T, Vuylsteke B. Systematic review of sex work interventions in sub-Saharan Africa: examining combination prevention approaches. Trop Med Int Health. 2017;22:971-993 pubmed publisher
    ..counselling intervention among drug-injecting SW showed an effect on alcohol, substance use and engagement in sex work. No study on a promising intervention like PrEP among SWs was found...
  13. Coetzee J, Jewkes R, Gray G. Cross-sectional study of female sex workers in Soweto, South Africa: Factors associated with HIV infection. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184775 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to estimate HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs) in Soweto, South Africa, and to describe their sexual behavior and other factors associated with HIV infection...
  14. Popper S, Sarr A, Travers K, Gueye Ndiaye A, Mboup S, Essex M, et al. Lower human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 2 viral load reflects the difference in pathogenicity of HIV-1 and HIV-2. J Infect Dis. 1999;180:1116-21 pubmed
    ..001, Wilcoxon rank sum test), irrespective of the length of time infected. This suggests that plasma viremia is linked to the differences in the pathogenicity of the 2 viruses. ..
  15. Jana S, Bandyopadhyay N, Mukherjee S, Dutta N, Basu I, Saha A. STD/HIV intervention with sex workers in West Bengal, India. AIDS. 1998;12 Suppl B:S101-8 pubmed
  16. Kanki P, Travers K, Mboup S, Hsieh C, Marlink R, Gueye Ndiaye A, et al. Slower heterosexual spread of HIV-2 than HIV-1. Lancet. 1994;343:943-6 pubmed
    ..002), indicating a 12-fold increase in the risk of HIV-1 infection over the study period. These findings suggest that the 2 viruses have a distinctly different in-vivo biology and that HIV-2 has a lower infectivity than does HIV-1. ..
  17. Cohen C, Duerr A, Pruithithada N, Rugpao S, Hillier S, Garcia P, et al. Bacterial vaginosis and HIV seroprevalence among female commercial sex workers in Chiang Mai, Thailand. AIDS. 1995;9:1093-7 pubmed
    ..Further epidemiologic studies are recommended to investigate the possibility that bacterial vaginosis--the most prevalent genital infection in Thailand--acts as a cofactor for the heterosexual transmission of HIV. ..
  18. Parker R, Easton D, Klein C. Structural barriers and facilitators in HIV prevention: a review of international research. AIDS. 2000;14 Suppl 1:S22-32 pubmed
    ..Innovative, interdisciplinary approaches are needed that can move beyond the limited successes of traditional behavioral interventions and explicitly attempt to achieve broader social and structural change. ..
  19. Larsson M, Mohamed Shio J, Ross M, Agardh A. Acting within an increasingly confined space: A qualitative study of sexual behaviours and healthcare needs among men who have sex with men in a provincial Tanzanian city. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183265 pubmed publisher
    ..Such programmes might be even more urgent in smaller towns and rural areas where gay specific initiatives are more limited than in urban areas. ..
  20. Markosyan K, Lang D, Darbinyan N, Diclemente R, Salazar L. Prevalence and correlates of inconsistent condom use among female sex workers in Armenia. Sex Health. 2011;8:259-61 pubmed publisher
  21. Bertozzi S, Gutierrez J. Poverty, cash transfers, and risk behaviours. Lancet Glob Health. 2013;1:e315-6 pubmed publisher
  22. Shayo E, Kalinga A, Senkoro K, Msovela J, Mgina E, Shija A, et al. Prevalence and risk factors associated with female anal sex in the context of HIV/AIDS in the selected districts of Tanzania. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10:140 pubmed publisher
    ..As such, there is a need for further exploratory studies to determine and document drivers of FAS. In addition, public health education should be provided with regard to the risks of contracting HIV associated with FAS practices. ..
  23. Guo C, Wen X, Li N, Wang Z, Chen G, Zheng X. Is Cigarette and Alcohol Use Associated With High-Risk Sexual Behaviors Among Youth in China?. J Sex Med. 2017;14:659-665 pubmed publisher
    ..Guo C, Wen X, Li N, et al. Is Cigarette and Alcohol Use Associated With High-Risk Sexual Behaviors Among Youth in China? J Sex Med 2017:14:659-665. ..
  24. Plourde P, Pepin J, Agoki E, Ronald A, Ombette J, Tyndall M, et al. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 seroconversion in women with genital ulcers. J Infect Dis. 1994;170:313-7 pubmed
    ..9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.5-15.6) and pelvic inflammatory disease (RR, 6.3; 95% CI, 1.9-20.4). Thus, cervical ectopy and pelvic inflammatory disease may increase susceptibility to HIV-1 in women with genital ulcers. ..
  25. Li W, Jiang J, Su J, Liang B, Deng W, Huang J, et al. Commercial Sexual Behaviors Among Male Rural-to-Urban Migrants in Western China: Implications for HIV Prevention. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2017;29:388-400 pubmed publisher
    ..Commercial sexual behavior and not using condoms are common among male rural-to-urban migrants in western China. Strategies and appropriate education should be developed to prevent HIV transmission due to high-risk sexual behaviors. ..
  26. Smith L, Yore J, Triplett D, Urada L, Nemoto T, Raj A. Impact of Sexual Violence Across the Lifespan on HIV Risk Behaviors Among Transgender Women and Cisgender People Living With HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017;75:408-416 pubmed publisher
    ..3, 95% CI: 1.7 to 50.0). A history of sexual violence is common among transgender and cisgender women PLWH, and it increases risk for drug-related harms. Transgender women are also more likely to report selling sex. ..
  27. Decosas J, Kane F, Anarfi J, Sodji K, Wagner H. Migration and AIDS. Lancet. 1995;346:826-8 pubmed
    ..Drugs are bought on the streets or from friends and may be of questionable efficacy. Health services may be sought upon return to the home country. ..
  28. Jung M. Effects of implementing the act of prohibition on sex trafficking on female sex workers' sexually transmitted infections. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182465 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, this study showed that, besides already known factors, the implementation and establishment of the PST Act was a strong factor that suppressed STD infections among FSWs. ..
  29. Tracy E, Macias Konstantopoulos W. Identifying and Assisting Sexually Exploited and Trafficked Patients Seeking Women's Health Care Services. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;130:443-453 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, to ensure a comprehensive, interdisciplinary response to trafficked patients, practitioners should engage hospital-based and community-based services when appropriate. ..
  30. Zhu J, Yuan R, Hu D, Zhu Z, Yang X, Wang N, et al. [Consecutive cross-sectional survey of prevalence of HIV infection/STD and related factors in Vietnamese female sex workers at a China-Vietnam border area, 2014-2015]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2017;38:638-642 pubmed publisher
    ..32~2.61????????or=1.59?95%ci?1.26~2.01??ats???or=2.48?95%ci?1.10~5.57???????hsv-2???????? ??? ?????hiv???????????hsv-2??????????????ats???hiv/hsv-2?????????????????????????????????????. ..
  31. Nerlander L, Hess K, Rose C, Sionean C, Thorson A, Broz D, et al. Exchange Sex and HIV Infection Among Women Who Inject Drugs-20 US Cities, 2009. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017;75 Suppl 3:S333-S340 pubmed publisher
    ..Women who exchange sex were more likely to be socially disadvantaged, report sexual and injection risk, and be HIV-positive-unaware. They represent an important group to reach with HIV prevention, testing, and care services. ..
  32. Aung N, Hanson J, Kyi T, Htet Z, Cooper D, Boyd M, et al. HIV care in Yangon, Myanmar; successes, challenges and implications for policy. AIDS Res Ther. 2017;14:10 pubmed publisher
    ..8%), male-to-male sexual contact in eleven (0.4%) and female sex work in eleven (0...
  33. Ungchusak K, Rehle T, Thammapornpilap P, Spiegelman D, Brinkmann U, Siraprapasiri T. Determinants of HIV infection among female commercial sex workers in northeastern Thailand: results from a longitudinal study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1996;12:500-7 pubmed
    ..Further investigation of a possible association between injectable contraceptive use and HIV infection is needed. ..
  34. Hong H, Xu G, Zhang D. Long-term follow-up of a comprehensive HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention program for female sex workers in Ningbo, China. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010;111:180-1 pubmed publisher
  35. Azim T, Islam M, Bogaerts J, Mian M, Sarker M, Fattah K, et al. Prevalence of HIV and syphilis among high-risk groups in Bangladesh. AIDS. 2000;14:210-1 pubmed
  36. Aguilar Zapata D, Piñeirúa Menéndez A, Volkow Fernández P, Rodriguez Zulueta P, Ramos Alamillo U, Cabrera López T, et al. Sociodemographic differences among HIV-positive and HIV-negative recently pregnant women in Mexico City: A case-control study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7305 pubmed publisher
    ..Targeting women living in these social contexts might increase early diagnosis and could tailor HIV prevention strategies. Prenatal coverage needs to be improved and should represent a national priority. ..
  37. Steen R, Jana S, Reza Paul S, Richter M. Trafficking, sex work, and HIV: efforts to resolve conflicts. Lancet. 2015;385:94-6 pubmed publisher