grooming

Summary

Summary: An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.

Top Publications

  1. Silk J, Alberts S, Altmann J. Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survival. Science. 2003;302:1231-4 pubmed
    ..Our results are consistent with the evidence that social support has beneficial effects on human health and well-being across the life span. For humans and other primates, sociality has adaptive value. ..
  2. Wei W, Qi X, Guo S, Zhao D, Zhang P, Huang K, et al. Market powers predict reciprocal grooming in golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36802 pubmed publisher
    Social grooming is a common form of affiliative behavior in primates. Biological market theory suggests that grooming can be traded either for grooming or other social commodities and services...
  3. McFarland R, Majolo B. Grooming coercion and the post-conflict trading of social services in wild Barbary macaques. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e26893 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we analysed the exchange of valuable social services (i.e. grooming and relationship repair) in the aftermath of a conflict, in wild Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus)...
  4. Koop J, Huber S, Clayton D. Does sunlight enhance the effectiveness of avian preening for ectoparasite control?. J Parasitol. 2012;98:46-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the efficiency of preening for ectoparasite control appears to be independent of light intensity, at least in the case of mourning doves and their feather lice. ..
  5. Parent C, Meaney M. The influence of natural variations in maternal care on play fighting in the rat. Dev Psychobiol. 2008;50:767-76 pubmed publisher
    ..The offspring of mothers that show lower levels of pup licking/grooming (i.e...
  6. Yang M, Zhodzishsky V, Crawley J. Social deficits in BTBR T+tf/J mice are unchanged by cross-fostering with C57BL/6J mothers. Int J Dev Neurosci. 2007;25:515-21 pubmed
    ..lower social interactions as juveniles, lower social approach in adult ages, and higher levels of repetitive self-grooming throughout developmental stages...
  7. Shahrokh D, Zhang T, Diorio J, Gratton A, Meaney M. Oxytocin-dopamine interactions mediate variations in maternal behavior in the rat. Endocrinology. 2010;151:2276-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, stable, individual differences in pup licking/grooming (LG) are abolished by oxytocin receptor blockade or treatments that eliminate differences in the nAcc dopamine ..
  8. Dunbar R. The social role of touch in humans and primates: behavioural function and neurobiological mechanisms. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2010;34:260-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Grooming is a widespread activity throughout the animal kingdom, but in primates (including humans) social grooming, or allo-grooming (the grooming of others), plays a particularly important role in social bonding which, in turn, has a ..
  9. Fruteau C, Voelkl B, van Damme E, Noe R. Supply and demand determine the market value of food providers in wild vervet monkeys. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:12007-12 pubmed publisher
    ..female to repeatedly provide food to her entire group by triggering the opening of a container and measured grooming bouts involving this female in the hour after she made the reward available...

Scientific Experts

More Information

Publications62

  1. Puga Gonzalez I, Hildenbrandt H, Hemelrijk C. Emergent patterns of social affiliation in primates, a model. PLoS Comput Biol. 2009;5:e1000630 pubmed publisher
    ..patterns of affiliative behaviour have been described for primates, for instance: reciprocation and exchange of grooming, grooming others of similar rank, reconciliation of fights, and preferential reconciliation with more valuable ..
  2. Shmelkov S, Hormigo A, Jing D, Proenca C, Bath K, Milde T, et al. Slitrk5 deficiency impairs corticostriatal circuitry and leads to obsessive-compulsive-like behaviors in mice. Nat Med. 2010;16:598-602, 1p following 602 pubmed publisher
    ..SLIT and NTRK-like protein-5 (Slitrk5), leads to OCD-like behaviors in mice, which manifests as excessive self-grooming and increased anxiety-like behaviors, and is alleviated by the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine...
  3. Brent L, Semple S, Dubuc C, Heistermann M, MacLarnon A. Social capital and physiological stress levels in free-ranging adult female rhesus macaques. Physiol Behav. 2011;102:76-83 pubmed publisher
    ..We consider social capital based on three different types of affiliative association: grooming, the exchange of affiliative vocalizations and proximity...
  4. Beisner B, Jackson M, Cameron A, McCowan B. Detecting instability in animal social networks: genetic fragmentation is associated with social instability in rhesus macaques. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e16365 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the effect of average genetic relatedness per matrilineal family on the stability of matrilineal grooming and agonistic interactions in 48 matrilines from seven captive groups of rhesus macaques...
  5. Tiddi B, Aureli F, Schino G, Voelkl B. Social relationships between adult females and the alpha male in wild tufted capuchin monkeys. Am J Primatol. 2011;73:812-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Affiliative relationships were explored through female-male patterns of spatial proximity and grooming. By adopting a social network approach, we analyzed: (1) whether the alpha male is the preferred male partner for ..
  6. Peca J, Feliciano C, Ting J, Wang W, Wells M, Venkatraman T, et al. Shank3 mutant mice display autistic-like behaviours and striatal dysfunction. Nature. 2011;472:437-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that mice with Shank3 gene deletions exhibit self-injurious repetitive grooming and deficits in social interaction...
  7. Yanagawa A, Fujiwara Tsujii N, Akino T, Yoshimura T, Yanagawa T, Shimizu S. Musty odor of entomopathogens enhances disease-prevention behaviors in the termite Coptotermes formosanus. J Invertebr Pathol. 2011;108:1-6 pubmed publisher
    Termites often eliminate pathogens directly through mutual grooming, and are thereby prevent infections from entomopathogenic fungi...
  8. Pearson B, Pobbe R, Defensor E, Oasay L, Bolivar V, Blanchard D, et al. Motor and cognitive stereotypies in the BTBR T+tf/J mouse model of autism. Genes Brain Behav. 2011;10:228-35 pubmed publisher
    ..BTBR strain is thought to underlie its lack of reciprocal social interactions, elevated repetitive self-directed grooming, and restricted exploratory behaviors...
  9. Gumert M, Ho M. The trade balance of grooming and its coordination of reciprocation and tolerance in Indonesian long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). Primates. 2008;49:176-85 pubmed publisher
    We collected data on grooming, proximity, and aggression in long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in Kalimantan, Indonesia. We used this data to study how grooming influenced a receiver's (B) behavior towards the bout's initiator (A)...
  10. Gleason E, Marler C. Non-genomic transmission of paternal behaviour between fathers and sons in the monogamous and biparental California mouse. Proc Biol Sci. 2013;280:20130824 pubmed publisher
    ..We tested the hypothesis that similar to maternal care in rodents, paternal huddling and grooming (HG) behaviour can be transmitted to future generations via behavioural mechanisms...
  11. Jessica L W, Henry A, Clayton D. How effective is preening against mobile ectoparasites? An experimental test with pigeons and hippoboscid flies. Int J Parasitol. 2012;42:463-7 pubmed
    Birds combat ectoparasites with many defences but the first line of defence is grooming behaviour, which includes preening with the bill and scratching with the feet. Preening has been shown to be very effective against ectoparasites...
  12. Lewis R. Grooming patterns in Verreaux's sifaka. Am J Primatol. 2010;72:254-61 pubmed publisher
    Lemur grooming has received very little attention in the literature. Nevertheless, allogrooming in lemurs has been suggested to be fundamentally different from the grooming of anthropoids...
  13. Schino G, Aureli F. The relative roles of kinship and reciprocity in explaining primate altruism. Ecol Lett. 2010;13:45-50 pubmed publisher
    ..In this paper, we report on the results of such a test based on a meta-analysis of allogrooming in primates, grooming being probably the most common altruistic behaviour among mammals...
  14. Etherton M, Blaiss C, Powell C, Südhof T. Mouse neurexin-1alpha deletion causes correlated electrophysiological and behavioral changes consistent with cognitive impairments. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:17998-8003 pubmed publisher
    ..control mice, neurexin-1alpha deficient mice displayed a decrease in prepulse inhibition, an increase in grooming behaviors, an impairment in nest-building activity, and an improvement in motor learning...
  15. Yanagawa A, Yokohari F, Shimizu S. Defense mechanism of the termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, to entomopathogenic fungi. J Invertebr Pathol. 2008;97:165-70 pubmed
    ..anisopliae conidia. Our results also suggested that self-grooming behavior is less effective, but mutual grooming is very effective in the removal of conidia from cuticles of ..
  16. Rijpstra W, Reneerkens J, Piersma T, Damsté J. Structural identification of the beta-hydroxy fatty acid-based diester preen gland waxes of shorebirds. J Nat Prod. 2007;70:1804-7 pubmed
  17. Crofoot M, Rubenstein D, Maiya A, Berger Wolf T. Aggression, grooming and group-level cooperation in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus): insights from social networks. Am J Primatol. 2011;73:821-33 pubmed publisher
    ..monkeys from Barro Colorado Island, Panama, where there are strong connections between key aspects of aggression, grooming, and proximity networks, and, at least among females, those who incur risk to defend their group have particular &..
  18. Schino G, Di Giuseppe F, Visalberghi E. Grooming, rank, and agonistic support in tufted capuchin monkeys. Am J Primatol. 2009;71:101-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we investigated the relation between grooming, agonistic support, aggression and social rank in a captive group of tufted capuchin monkeys (C. apella)...
  19. Yanagawa A, Yokohari F, Shimizu S. The role of antennae in removing entomopathogenic fungi from cuticle of the termite, Coptotermes formosanus. J Insect Sci. 2009;9:6 pubmed publisher
    ..Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), protects itself from entomopathogenic fungi by mutual grooming behavior...
  20. Silverman J, Tolu S, Barkan C, Crawley J. Repetitive self-grooming behavior in the BTBR mouse model of autism is blocked by the mGluR5 antagonist MPEP. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2010;35:976-89 pubmed publisher
    ..interactions and social approach, unusual patterns of ultrasonic vocalization, and high levels of repetitive self-grooming. These phenotypes offer straightforward behavioral assays for translational investigations of pharmacological ..
  21. Blundell J, Blaiss C, Etherton M, Espinosa F, Tabuchi K, Walz C, et al. Neuroligin-1 deletion results in impaired spatial memory and increased repetitive behavior. J Neurosci. 2010;30:2115-29 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, NL1 KO mice exhibit a dramatic increase in repetitive, stereotyped grooming behavior, a potential autism-relevant abnormality...
  22. Bagot R, Tse Y, Nguyen H, Wong A, Meaney M, Wong T. Maternal care influences hippocampal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor function and dynamic regulation by corticosterone in adulthood. Biol Psychiatry. 2012;72:491-8 pubmed publisher
    ..long-term potentiation (LTP) in adult offspring of mothers that varied in the frequency of pup licking/grooming (LG) (i.e., High or Low LG)...
  23. Delogu M, De Marco M, Di Trani L, Raffini E, Cotti C, Puzelli S, et al. Can preening contribute to influenza A virus infection in wild waterbirds?. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11315 pubmed publisher
    ..The data presented herein provide information that expands our understanding of AIV ecology in the wild bird reservoir system. ..
  24. Ahern T, Hammock E, Young L. Parental division of labor, coordination, and the effects of family structure on parenting in monogamous prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster). Dev Psychobiol. 2011;53:118-31 pubmed publisher
    ..attendance was coordinated and shared equally by both sexes, while pup-directed and partner-directed licking and grooming (LG) were coordinated in a sex and social-context-dependent manner...
  25. Romero T, Aureli F. Reciprocity of support in coatis (Nasua nasua). J Comp Psychol. 2008;122:19-25 pubmed publisher
  26. Schino G, Aureli F. Grooming reciprocation among female primates: a meta-analysis. Biol Lett. 2008;4:9-11 pubmed
    ..Among primates, grooming is one of the most common altruistic behaviours...
  27. Greer J, Capecchi M. Hoxb8 is required for normal grooming behavior in mice. Neuron. 2002;33:23-34 pubmed
    Repertoires of grooming behaviors critical to survival are exhibited by most animal species, including humans. Genes that influence this complex behavior are unknown...
  28. Graves F, Wallen K, Maestripieri D. Opioids and attachment in rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) abusive mothers. Behav Neurosci. 2002;116:489-93 pubmed
    ..Naltrexone increased the amount of grooming received by mothers from other group members and reduced the mothers' rate of displacement activities such as ..
  29. Champagne F, Diorio J, Sharma S, Meaney M. Naturally occurring variations in maternal behavior in the rat are associated with differences in estrogen-inducible central oxytocin receptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:12736-41 pubmed
    Naturally occurring variations in maternal licking/grooming influence neural development and are transmitted from mother to female offspring...
  30. Shutt K, MacLarnon A, Heistermann M, Semple S. Grooming in Barbary macaques: better to give than to receive?. Biol Lett. 2007;3:231-3 pubmed
    It is well established that grooming underpins sociality in group-living primates, and a number of studies have documented the stress-reducing effects of being groomed...
  31. Liu D, Diorio J, Day J, Francis D, Meaney M. Maternal care, hippocampal synaptogenesis and cognitive development in rats. Nat Neurosci. 2000;3:799-806 pubmed
    ..Thus, the offspring of mothers that show high levels of pup licking and grooming and arched-back nursing showed increased expression of NMDA receptor subunit and brain-derived neurotrophic ..
  32. Leinfelder I, de Vries H, Deleu R, Nelissen M. Rank and grooming reciprocity among females in a mixed-sex group of captive hamadryas baboons. Am J Primatol. 2001;55:25-42 pubmed
    In a mixed-sex, captive group of hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas hamadryas) we investigated whether female grooming relationships are affected by their dominance ranks. Seyfarth's [1977] grooming for support model and Barrett et al...
  33. Aureli F, Preston S, de Waal F. Heart rate responses to social interactions in free-moving rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta): a pilot study. J Comp Psychol. 1999;113:59-65 pubmed
    ..The tension-reduction function of allogrooming was also supported. Heart rate decelerated faster during the receipt of grooming than in matched control periods.
  34. Eguibar J, Romero Carbente J, Moyaho A. Behavioral differences between selectively bred rats: D1 versus D2 receptors in yawning and grooming. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2003;74:827-32 pubmed
    ..in high-yawning (HY) than in low-yawning (LY) rats, whereas this drug increased the number and duration of grooming episodes similarly in both strains...
  35. Adan R, Szklarczyk A, Oosterom J, Brakkee J, Nijenhuis W, Schaaper W, et al. Characterization of melanocortin receptor ligands on cloned brain melanocortin receptors and on grooming behavior in the rat. Eur J Pharmacol. 1999;378:249-58 pubmed
    ..these receptors in vitro, as well as their activity in a well-defined melanocortin-induced behavior in the rat: grooming behavior...
  36. Welch J, Lu J, Rodriguiz R, Trotta N, Peca J, Ding J, et al. Cortico-striatal synaptic defects and OCD-like behaviours in Sapap3-mutant mice. Nature. 2007;448:894-900 pubmed
    ..Here we show that mice with genetic deletion of Sapap3 exhibit increased anxiety and compulsive grooming behaviour leading to facial hair loss and skin lesions; both behaviours are alleviated by a selective serotonin ..
  37. Kalueff A, Tuohimaa P. Contrasting grooming phenotypes in three mouse strains markedly different in anxiety and activity (129S1, BALB/c and NMRI). Behav Brain Res. 2005;160:1-10 pubmed
    ..b>Grooming is a complex and essential ritual in the rodent behavioural repertoire with a general cephalocaudal progression (..
  38. Kalueff A, Tuohimaa P. The grooming analysis algorithm discriminates between different levels of anxiety in rats: potential utility for neurobehavioural stress research. J Neurosci Methods. 2005;143:169-77 pubmed
    Stress has long been known to affect grooming in rodent species, altering both its activity measures and behavioural microstructure...
  39. Kalueff A, Tuohimaa P. Grooming analysis algorithm for neurobehavioural stress research. Brain Res Brain Res Protoc. 2004;13:151-8 pubmed
    Since rodent self-grooming behaviours are elicited by both comfort and stressful conditions, traditional measures such as duration, latency of onset and the number of bouts may be not suitable to dissociate between these opposite ..
  40. Weaver I, Cervoni N, Champagne F, D Alessio A, Sharma S, Seckl J, et al. Epigenetic programming by maternal behavior. Nat Neurosci. 2004;7:847-54 pubmed
    Here we report that increased pup licking and grooming (LG) and arched-back nursing (ABN) by rat mothers altered the offspring epigenome at a glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene promoter in the hippocampus...
  41. Champagne F, Francis D, Mar A, Meaney M. Variations in maternal care in the rat as a mediating influence for the effects of environment on development. Physiol Behav. 2003;79:359-71 pubmed
    ..In the rat, variations in maternal behavior, particularly in licking/grooming, regulate the development of endocrine, emotional and cognitive responses to stress...
  42. Lumley L, Robison C, Chen W, Mark B, Meyerhoff J. Vasopressin into the preoptic area increases grooming behavior in mice. Physiol Behav. 2001;73:451-5 pubmed
    In mice, the neuropeptide arginine-8-vasopressin (AVP) induces excessive grooming, scratching, and hyperactivity when administered intracerebroventricularly...
  43. Bredy T, Lee A, Meaney M, Brown R. Effect of neonatal handling and paternal care on offspring cognitive development in the monogamous California mouse (Peromyscus californicus). Horm Behav. 2004;46:30-8 pubmed
    ..We found that the amount of licking and grooming received by pups was decreased in father-absent families...
  44. Champagne F, Meaney M. Stress during gestation alters postpartum maternal care and the development of the offspring in a rodent model. Biol Psychiatry. 2006;59:1227-35 pubmed
    ..Lactating rat mothers were characterized as high or low in pup-directed licking/grooming (LG) behavior, rebred, and subjected to 7 days of intermittent stress or control conditions during gestation...
  45. Fussnecker B, Smith B, Mustard J. Octopamine and tyramine influence the behavioral profile of locomotor activity in the honey bee (Apis mellifera). J Insect Physiol. 2006;52:1083-92 pubmed
    ..these treatments on the amount of time honey bees spent engaged in different locomotor behaviors such as walking, grooming, fanning and flying. All treatments produced significant shifts in behavior...
  46. Ventura R, Majolo B, Koyama N, Hardie S, Schino G. Reciprocation and interchange in wild Japanese macaques: grooming, cofeeding, and agonistic support. Am J Primatol. 2006;68:1138-49 pubmed
    Social primates spend a significant proportion of their time exchanging grooming with their group companions...
  47. Vieira M, Brown R. Effects of the presence of the father on pup development in California mice (Peromyscus californicus). Dev Psychobiol. 2003;42:246-51 pubmed
    ..Physical contact, locomotion, grooming, and physical development indicators were recorded...
  48. Schino G, di Sorrentino E, Tiddi B. Grooming and coalitions in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata): partner choice and the time frame reciprocation. J Comp Psychol. 2007;121:181-8 pubmed
    Evidence of a reciprocal exchange of grooming and agonistic support in primates is mixed...
  49. Wang Y, Billon C, Walker J, Burris T. Therapeutic Effect of a Synthetic ROR?/? Agonist in an Animal Model of Autism. ACS Chem Neurosci. 2016;7:143-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest that pharmacological activation of ROR? may be a method for treatment of autism. ..
  50. Orchard M, Kohonen M, Humphries S. The influence of surface energy on the self-cleaning of insect adhesive devices. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:279-86 pubmed publisher
    ..The adhesive organs of Coccinellids appear to possess superior self-cleaning abilities compared with those of Hymenopterans, although Hymenopterans exhibit better adhesion to both surface types. ..
  51. Poltyrev T, Weinstock M. Effect of gestational stress on maternal behavior in response to cage transfer and handling of pups in two strains of rat. Stress. 1999;3:85-95 pubmed publisher
  52. Depino A, Lucchina L, Pitossi F. Early and adult hippocampal TGF-?1 overexpression have opposite effects on behavior. Brain Behav Immun. 2011;25:1582-91 pubmed publisher
    ..during postnatal development led to a long-term decrease in social interaction and to long-term increases in self-grooming and depression-related behaviors...
  53. Haig D, Ubeda F. Genomic imprinting: an obsession with depilatory mice. Curr Biol. 2011;21:R257-9 pubmed publisher
    Excessive grooming in mice has been promoted as a model of human obsessive-compulsive disorders...