accident proneness


Summary: Tendency toward involvement in accidents. Implies certain personality characteristics which predispose to accidents.

Top Publications

  1. Granata K, Lockhart T. Dynamic stability differences in fall-prone and healthy adults. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2008;18:172-8 pubmed
    ..This pilot study supports the need for future investigations using larger population samples to study fall-prone individuals using nonlinear dynamic analyses of movement kinematics. ..
  2. Day A, Brasher K, Bridger R. Accident proneness revisited: the role of psychological stress and cognitive failure. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;49:532-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Individuals who are stressed are more likely to have an accident in the workplace because of a propensity for cognitive failures. A specific recommendation to reduce accident risk in the work-place is discussed. ..
  3. Gauchard G, Mur J, Touron C, Benamghar L, Dehaene D, Perrin P, et al. Determinants of accident proneness: a case-control study in railway workers. Occup Med (Lond). 2006;56:187-90 pubmed
    b>Accident proneness or workers who have more frequent occupational injuries is common but the role of occupational and individual factors has rarely been studied...
  4. Burnham J. The syndrome of accident proneness (Unfallneigung): why psychiatrists did not adopt and medicalize it. Hist Psychiatry. 2008;19:251-74 pubmed
    ..War I period, psychologists in Britain and Germany independently and simultaneously originated the idea of accident proneness (Unfallneigung)...
  5. Lysens R, Ostyn M, Vanden Auweele Y, Lefevre J, Vuylsteke M, Renson L. The accident-prone and overuse-prone profiles of the young athlete. Am J Sports Med. 1989;17:612-9 pubmed
    ..Nevertheless, it has to be kept in mind that psychosomatic factors play a role in how one experiences these overuse phenomena. ..
  6. Wasmer C, Pohl Y, Filippi A. Traumatic dental injuries in twins: is there a genetic risk for dental injuries?. Dent Traumatol. 2008;24:619-24 pubmed publisher
    ..With the present pilot study, no statistical evidence of genetic risk for dental and facial injuries could be displayed. On the contrary, environmental factors seem to dominate in determining an individual's risk for orofacial traumata. ..
  7. Cobb N, Maxwell G, Silverstein P. "Burn repeaters" and injury control. J Burn Care Rehabil. 1992;13:382-7 pubmed
    ..These results strongly substantiate the necessity for an inpatient prevention program for patients and families to promote injury control by reduction of subsequent burn injury and thus break the burn injury cycle. ..
  8. Jin H, Araki S, Wu X, Zhang Y, Yokoyama K. Psychological performance of accident-prone automobile drivers in China: a case-control study. Int J Epidemiol. 1991;20:230-3 pubmed
    ..01). It is suggested that accident-prone drivers have lower psychological performance, poorer judgement and a higher tendency than safe drivers to be neurotic, extrovert and psychotic. ..
  9. Bernardo L. Parent-reported injury-associated behaviors and life events among injured, ill, and well preschool children. J Pediatr Nurs. 1996;11:100-10 pubmed
    ..The absence of differences was attributed to the lack of conceptual congruence between the instruments and the Rogerian model. Future studies should use instruments derived from this model. ..

More Information


  1. Chessick R. Long-term psychoanalytic therapy as a life-saving procedure. Am J Psychoanal. 2007;67:334-58 pubmed
    ..It also demonstrates the crucial importance of long-term psychoanalytic therapy as a life-saving procedure in cases where it is appropriate in spite of the great amount of time and expense involved. ..
  2. Kamel M, Atta H, Foda N, Mostafa Y, Youssef R. Personal factors and working conditions as predictors of work injuries among industrial workers. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 1998;73:255-74 pubmed
    ..These workers should receive considerable attention to reduce the extent of work injuries. More importantly, safety-training programs are mandatory for accident prevention in industrial settings. ..
  3. Rafnsson V, Gunnarsdottir H. Risk of fatal accidents occurring other than at sea among Icelandic seamen. BMJ. 1993;306:1379-81 pubmed
    ..The association between fatal accidents other than at sea and length of employment as seamen indicates that seamen are modified by their occupation towards hazardous behaviour or a risky lifestyle. ..
  4. Peterson L, Harbeck C, Moreno A. Measures of children's injuries: self-reported versus maternal-reported events with temporally proximal versus delayed reporting. J Pediatr Psychol. 1993;18:133-47 pubmed
    ..g., cuts, bumps, and bruises) having many more actual than near injuries reported. Limitations of the project are discussed and implications for future research advanced. ..
  5. Mäulen B. An aeronautic suicide attempt (3). Suicide and self-destructive behavior in aviation. Crisis. 1993;14:68-70, 82 pubmed
    ..Narcissistic personality traits are of paramount importance for the choice of this suicide method. Precursors include undetected depressions, alcoholism, and family problems of pilots. ..
  6. Gwilym S, Howard D, Davies N, Willett K. Harry Potter casts a spell on accident prone children. BMJ. 2005;331:1505-6 pubmed
  7. Nielsen A, Mortensen P, O Callaghan E, Mors O, Ewald H. Is head injury a risk factor for schizophrenia?. Schizophr Res. 2002;55:93-8 pubmed
    ..The few studies that have examined whether head injury is a risk factor for later schizophrenia have had important methodological problems...
  8. Li G, Baker S, Grabowski J, Qiang Y, McCarthy M, Rebok G. Age, flight experience, and risk of crash involvement in a cohort of professional pilots. Am J Epidemiol. 2003;157:874-80 pubmed
    ..The lack of an association between pilot age and crash risk may reflect a strong "healthy worker effect" stemming from the rigorous medical standards and periodic physical examinations required for professional pilots. ..
  9. Salminen S. Relationships between injuries at work and during leisure time. Accid Anal Prev. 2005;37:373-6 pubmed
    ..05). Less than 1% of the subjects were involved in both injuries at work and during leisure time during the past 12 months. We can conclude that involving in work injuries could increase the risk of leisure-time injuries. ..
  10. Schwebel D, Hodgens J, Sterling S. How mothers parent their children with behavior disorders: implications for unintentional injury risk. J Safety Res. 2006;37:167-73 pubmed
    ..Poor parental supervision might serve as a mechanism to explain why children with behavior disorders, and those with oppositional behavior patterns in particular, have increased risk of unintentional injury. ..
  11. Baker S, Li G, Lamb M, Warner M. Pilots involved in multiple crashes: "accident proneness" revisited. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1995;66:6-10 pubmed
    Analysis of crashes of air taxi and commuter flights explored the controversial issue of "accident proneness." There were 20 pilots who had 2 or more crashes during 1983-88...
  12. Gitlin L, Winter L, Dennis M, Corcoran M, Schinfeld S, Hauck W. A randomized trial of a multicomponent home intervention to reduce functional difficulties in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006;54:809-16 pubmed
    ..A multicomponent intervention targeting modifiable environmental and behavioral factors results in life quality improvements in community-dwelling older people who had functional difficulties, with most benefits retained over a year. ..
  13. Bhushan B, Khan S. Laterality and accident proneness: a study of locomotive drivers. Laterality. 2006;11:395-404 pubmed
    ..the association between four measures of laterality (handedness, footedness, eyedness, and earedness) and accident proneness in locomotive drivers...
  14. Speltz M, Gonzales N, Sulzbacher S, Quan L. Assessment of injury risk in young children: a preliminary study of the injury behavior checklist. J Pediatr Psychol. 1990;15:373-83 pubmed
    ..001). Multiple regression analyses indicated that the IBC was a better predictor of injury than parent-reported levels of child problem behavior using the Conners Parent Rating Scale. ..
  15. Jin H, Zhang S, Dai P, Xie M, Liu Y. [A comprehensive evaluation on psychological quality among automobile drivers]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2000;21:369-71 pubmed
    ..99%; kappa = 0.85). Results showed that the comprehensive equations for evaluation were reasonable and feasible for detecting the potential accident-proneness drivers. ..
  16. Burnham J. Accident proneness (Unfallneigung): a classic case of simultaneous discovery/construction in psychology. Sci Context. 2008;21:99-118 pubmed
  17. Pollack E, Franklin G, Fulton Kehoe D, Chowdhury R. Risk of job-related injury among construction laborers with a diagnosis of substance abuse. J Occup Environ Med. 1998;40:573-7 pubmed
    ..The state legislature in Washington has recently passed legislation providing incentives for the use of employee assistance programs. More effort is needed, however, to evaluate the effectiveness of such programs. ..
  18. Palumbo P, Palmerini L, Chiari L. A probabilistic model to investigate the properties of prognostic tools for falls. Methods Inf Med. 2015;54:189-97 pubmed publisher
  19. Mangus R, Simons C, Jacobson L, Streib E, Gomez G. Current helmet and protective equipment usage among previously injured ATV and motorcycle riders. Inj Prev. 2004;10:56-8 pubmed
    ..03 and 48% v 40%, p = 0.53). These findings suggest a pattern of persistent high risk behavior among previously injured persons. ..
  20. Mesken J, Lajunen T, Summala H. Interpersonal violations, speeding violations and their relation to accident involvement in Finland. Ergonomics. 2002;45:469-83 pubmed
    ..Penalties for speeding, parking and other offences were predicted by interpersonal violations. The implications of these results are discussed. ..
  21. Kirschenbaum A, Oigenblick L, Goldberg A. Well being, work environment and work accidents. Soc Sci Med. 2000;50:631-9 pubmed
    We examine factors that influence accident proneness among employees. We agree that the determinants of accident proneness include organizational, emotional and personal factors...
  22. Kennedy C, Lipsitt L. Risk-taking in preschool children. J Pediatr Nurs. 1998;13:77-84 pubmed
  23. Mohr D, Clemmer D. The "accident prone" worker: an example from heavy industry. Accid Anal Prev. 1988;20:123-7 pubmed
    ..Unlike earlier studies, this analysis was based on medically attended injuries only and controlled for job hazards, exposure, age, and changes in job and location. ..
  24. Ehrlich M, Hulstyn M, D Amato C. Sports injuries in children and the clumsy child. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1992;39:433-49 pubmed
    ..And finally, one should not label the normal child who may not be a great athlete as clumsy or refer the child for unnecessary therapy or treatment. ..
  25. Macdonald S. A comparison of the psychosocial characteristics of alcoholics responsible for impaired and nonimpaired collisions. Accid Anal Prev. 1989;21:493-508 pubmed
    ..The results are suggestive that male alcoholics with impaired collisions might have differences from those people with nonimpaired collisions that enhance their driving risk. ..
  26. Petridou E, Moustaki M. Human factors in the causation of road traffic crashes. Eur J Epidemiol. 2000;16:819-26 pubmed
    ..regulations, indecent driving behavior, non-use of seat belt or helmet, inappropriate sitting while driving, accident proneness) and (iv) those that promote risk taking behavior with short-term impact (moderate ethanol intake, ..
  27. Merckelbach H, Muris P, Kop W. Handedness, symptom reporting, and accident susceptibility. J Clin Psychol. 1994;50:389-92 pubmed
    ..Thus, the present findings do not support the hypothesis that left-handedness is accompanied by reduced physical fitness or accident proneness.
  28. Munck Fairwood R. Depth perception of interfering periodic patterns: a possible contribution to disorientation on escalators. Perception. 1992;21:747-52 pubmed
    ..The possible contribution of this illusion to disorientation on escalators, due to misjudgment of depth, is compared with another recently reported factor which is due to stereoscopic miscorrespondence of periodic targets. ..
  29. Hicks R, Pass K, Freeman H, Bautista J, Johnson C. Handedness and accidents with injury. Percept Mot Skills. 1993;77:1119-22 pubmed
    ..These data underscore the need to consider mixed-handedness as a separate group in studies of this type. ..
  30. Garling A, Gärling T. Mothers' supervision and perception of young children's risk of unintentional injury in the home. J Pediatr Psychol. 1993;18:105-14 pubmed
    ..The observed effects of supervision were less strong for older children and for rooms perceived as less dangerous. ..
  31. Li G, Baker S. Crash and violation experience of pilots involved in prior commuter and air taxi crashes: a historical cohort study. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1995;66:1131-5 pubmed
    ..In order to develop effective prevention strategies, environmental and psychosocial factors that predispose pilots to increased risk of involvement in aviation crashes and violations should be examined. ..
  32. Bursey R. Non-significance of plasma total cholesterol in the occurrence of occupational accidents. Occup Med (Lond). 1992;42:33-5 pubmed
    ..66 mmol/l (SD, 1:18 mmol/l). Plasma total cholesterol in itself is not participating in the occurrence of accidents in this occupational group. ..
  33. Gauchard G, Chau N, Touron C, Benamghar L, Dehaene D, Perrin P, et al. Individual characteristics in occupational accidents due to imbalance: a case-control study of the employees of a railway company. Occup Environ Med. 2003;60:330-5 pubmed
    ..Individual characteristics can increase the risk of occupational accidents, especially falling. This study identified subjects most at risk on whom prevention related to working conditions and falls could be focused. ..
  34. Garbarino S, Beelke M, Costa G, Violani C, Lucidi F, Ferrillo F, et al. Brain function and effects of shift work: implications for clinical neuropharmacology. Neuropsychobiology. 2002;45:50-6 pubmed
    ..Regulation may help reduce the medical and social impact and improve quality of life. ..
  35. Jaquess D, Finney J. Previous injuries and behavior problems predict children's injuries. J Pediatr Psychol. 1994;19:79-89 pubmed
    ..Conceptualizing injury as a behavioral process suggests behavior change strategies to reduce injury risk and ways to target children for injury prevention efforts. ..
  36. Wang K. Personal and family perfectionism of Taiwanese college students: relationships with depression, self-esteem, achievement motivation, and academic grades. Int J Psychol. 2012;47:305-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Findings and implications are discussed with consideration of the collectivistic cultural context in Taiwan. ..
  37. Webster J, Cottam G, Gouvier W, Blanton P, Beissel G, Wofford J. Wheelchair obstacle course performance in right cerebral vascular accident victims. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 1989;11:295-310 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that obstacle course performance is sensitive to more than hemispatial neglect. ..
  38. Rebok G, Qiang Y, Baker S, Li G. Pilot age and geographic region of commuter and air taxi crashes: a case-control study. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2011;82:111-5 pubmed
    ..The excess crash risk in Alaska with or without pilot error underscores the importance of environmental hazards in flight safety. ..
  39. Lockhart T, Liu J. Differentiating fall-prone and healthy adults using local dynamic stability. Ergonomics. 2008;51:1860-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings from this study suggest that local dynamic stability may be used as a potential fall predictor to differentiate fall-prone adults. ..
  40. Wazana A. Are there injury-prone children? A critical review of the literature. Can J Psychiatry. 1997;42:602-10 pubmed
  41. Taimela S. Relation between speed of reaction and psychometric tests of mental ability in musculoskeletal injury-prone subjects. Percept Mot Skills. 1990;70:155-61 pubmed
    ..Accordingly, the results do not support the entire distinction between traditional mental ability or convergent thinking and speed of reaction in normal subjects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) ..
  42. Schwebel D, Plumert J. Longitudinal and concurrent relations among temperament, ability estimation, and injury proneness. Child Dev. 1999;70:700-12 pubmed
    ..Children low on Extraversion and high on Inhibitory Control tended to underestimate their physical abilities. Implications for injury prevention are discussed. ..
  43. Poole G, Lewis J, Devidas M, Hauser C, Martin R, Thomae K. Psychopathologic risk factors for intentional and nonintentional injury. J Trauma. 1997;42:711-5 pubmed
    ..Underlying psychological disorders will have to be addressed to reduce the likelihood of becoming a victim of trauma. ..
  44. Petz B. [The human factor in accidents]. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. 1994;45:249-73 pubmed
    ..distribution, but it fits quite well into negative binomial distribution, which is a model of "unequal accident proneness" hypothesis...
  45. Zverev Y, Adeloye A. Left-handedness as a risk factor for head injuries. East Afr Med J. 2001;78:22-4 pubmed
    ..Left-handedness is a risk factor for head injuries obtained during confrontational activities. Therefore, left handers should avoid such type of behaviour in order to reduce traumatisation rate. ..
  46. Nyberg L, Gustafson Y. Using the Downton index to predict those prone to falls in stroke rehabilitation. Stroke. 1996;27:1821-4 pubmed
    ..A moderately high correlation was found between the predicted and the observed risk of falls in stroke rehabilitation when the Downton fall risk index was used. However, a low specificity rate limits the accuracy of the prediction. ..
  47. Rivara F. Developmental and behavioral issues in childhood injury prevention. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1995;16:362-70 pubmed
    ..These factors must be taken into consideration when planning intervention strategies to ensure optimal effectiveness of intervention. ..
  48. Clifford P, Sparadeo F, Minugh P, Nirenberg T, Woolard R, Longabaugh R, et al. Identification of hazardous/harmful drinking among subcritically injured patients. Acad Emerg Med. 1996;3:239-45 pubmed
    ..However, since discrimination of hazardous/harmful drinking is imperfect, some caution is warranted when conducting such screening activities. ..
  49. Cataldo M, Finney J, Richman G, Riley A, Hook R, Brophy C, et al. Behavior of injured and uninjured children and their parents in a simulated hazardous setting. J Pediatr Psychol. 1992;17:73-80 pubmed
  50. Petti S, Cairella G, Tarsitani G. Childhood obesity: a risk factor for traumatic injuries to anterior teeth. Endod Dent Traumatol. 1997;13:285-8 pubmed
  51. Maki B, Holliday P, Fernie G. Aging and postural control. A comparison of spontaneous- and induced-sway balance tests. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1990;38:1-9 pubmed
  52. Hicks R, Inman G, Deharo D, Hicks G. Consistency of hand use and frequent falls. Percept Mot Skills. 1999;88:1107-10 pubmed
    ..period and was 1.64 times more likely to rate themselves higher on proneness to falling. These data suggest that inconsistent hand use may be a sign of a developmental inconsistency in motor coordination. ..
  53. Keays G, Swaine B, Ehrmann Feldman D. Association between severity of musculoskeletal injury and risk of subsequent injury in children and adolescents on the basis of parental recall. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006;160:812-6 pubmed
    ..51; 95% confidence interval, 0.26-0.99). Having had a severe musculoskeletal injury may be associated with a decreased risk of subsequent injury in children and adolescents. A possible explanation could be reduced exposure to risk. ..