behavior

Summary

Summary: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.

Top Publications

  1. Szyf M. DNA methylation, behavior and early life adversity. J Genet Genomics. 2013;40:331-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Particularly important is the environment early in life including both the prenatal and postnatal social environments. ..
  2. Schmidt M, Abraham W, Maroun M, Stork O, Richter Levin G. Stress-induced metaplasticity: from synapses to behavior. Neuroscience. 2013;250:112-20 pubmed publisher
    ..plasticity changes on a more global level, including environmental stressors as priming events and altered behavior as outcome measures...
  3. Barch D, Burgess G, Harms M, Petersen S, Schlaggar B, Corbetta M, et al. Function in the human connectome: task-fMRI and individual differences in behavior. Neuroimage. 2013;80:169-89 pubmed publisher
    ..delineate a core set of functions relevant to understanding the relationship between brain connectivity and human behavior. In addition, the HCP is using task-fMRI (tfMRI) to help delineate the relationships between individual ..
  4. King A, Hekler E, Grieco L, Winter S, Sheats J, Buman M, et al. Harnessing different motivational frames via mobile phones to promote daily physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior in aging adults. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e62613 pubmed publisher
    ..application focused on personalized goal setting, self-monitoring, and active problem solving around barriers to behavior change. A "socially" framed custom application focused on social comparisons, norms, and support...
  5. Shanks D, Newell B, Lee E, Balakrishnan D, Ekelund L, Cenac Z, et al. Priming intelligent behavior: an elusive phenomenon. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e56515 pubmed publisher
    Can behavior be unconsciously primed via the activation of attitudes, stereotypes, or other concepts? A number of studies have suggested that such priming effects can occur, and a prominent illustration is the claim that individuals' ..
  6. McDonald R, Hong N. How does a specific learning and memory system in the mammalian brain gain control of behavior?. Hippocampus. 2013;23:1084-102 pubmed publisher
    ..and memory systems in the mammalian brain and they interact in different ways to influence and/or control behavior. This approach has generated interesting empirical and theoretical work supporting this view...
  7. Neville H, Stevens C, Pakulak E, Bell T, Fanning J, Klein S, et al. Family-based training program improves brain function, cognition, and behavior in lower socioeconomic status preschoolers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:12138-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Effect sizes ranged from one-quarter to half of a standard deviation. These results lend impetus to the further development and broader implementation of evidence-based education programs that target at-risk families. ..
  8. Sadaghiani S, Kleinschmidt A. Functional interactions between intrinsic brain activity and behavior. Neuroimage. 2013;80:379-86 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude by reviewing how the functional significance of ongoing activity manifests in its impact on human action, perception, and higher cognitive function. ..
  9. Tao S, Kudo M, Nonaka H. Privacy-preserved behavior analysis and fall detection by an infrared ceiling sensor network. Sensors (Basel). 2012;12:16920-36 pubmed publisher
    An infrared ceiling sensor network system is reported in this study to realize behavior analysis and fall detection of a single person in the home environment...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Gracia Lázaro C, Cuesta J, Sanchez A, Moreno Y. Human behavior in Prisoner's Dilemma experiments suppresses network reciprocity. Sci Rep. 2012;2:325 pubmed publisher
    ..We here report that when one takes into account the real behavior of people observed in the experiments, both at the mean-field level and on utterly different networks, the ..
  2. Meier B, D Agostino P, Elliot A, Maier M, Wilkowski B. Color in context: psychological context moderates the influence of red on approach- and avoidance-motivated behavior. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40333 pubmed publisher
    ..and achievement-relevant contexts, respectively, but in all existing empirical work approach and avoidance behavior has been studied in separate tasks and separate experiments...
  3. Holroyd C, Yeung N. Motivation of extended behaviors by anterior cingulate cortex. Trends Cogn Sci. 2012;16:122-8 pubmed publisher
    ..has emerged between neuropsychological theories suggesting a primary role for ACC in motivating or 'energizing' behavior, and neuroimaging-inspired theories emphasizing its contribution to cognitive control and reinforcement learning...
  4. Turecki G, Ernst C, Jollant F, Labonte B, Mechawar N. The neurodevelopmental origins of suicidal behavior. Trends Neurosci. 2012;35:14-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Although most individuals who display suicidal behavior do not have a history of early-life adversity, a significant minority does...
  5. Puckett R, Lubin F. Epigenetic mechanisms in experience-driven memory formation and behavior. Epigenomics. 2011;3:649-64 pubmed publisher
    ..present article examines how such learning-induced epigenetic changes contribute to LTM formation and influence behavior. In particular, this article is a survey of the specific epigenetic mechanisms that have been demonstrated to ..
  6. Petrowski K, Paul S, Zenger M, Brahler E. An ultra-short screening version of the Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior questionnaire (FEE-US) and its factor structure in a representative German sample. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012;12:169 pubmed publisher
    The Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior questionnaire (FEE, [1,2]) assesses perceived parental rearing behavior separately for each parent...
  7. Pei L, Guinness R, Chen R, Liu J, Kuusniemi H, Chen Y, et al. Human behavior cognition using smartphone sensors. Sensors (Basel). 2013;13:1402-24 pubmed publisher
    This research focuses on sensing context, modeling human behavior and developing a new architecture for a cognitive phone platform...
  8. Gallup A, Chong A, Couzin I. The directional flow of visual information transfer between pedestrians. Biol Lett. 2012;8:520-2 pubmed publisher
  9. Carandini M. From circuits to behavior: a bridge too far?. Nat Neurosci. 2012;15:507-9 pubmed publisher
    Neuroscience seeks to understand how neural circuits lead to behavior. However, the gap between circuits and behavior is too wide...
  10. Coviello L, Franceschetti M, McCubbins M, Paturi R, Vattani A. Human matching behavior in social networks: an algorithmic perspective. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e41900 pubmed publisher
    We argue that algorithmic modeling is a powerful approach to understanding the collective dynamics of human behavior. We consider the task of pairing up individuals connected over a network, according to the following model: each ..
  11. Zenzen V, Diekmann J, Gerstenberg B, Weber S, Wittke S, Schorp M. Reduced exposure evaluation of an Electrically Heated Cigarette Smoking System. Part 2: Smoke chemistry and in vitro toxicological evaluation using smoking regimens reflecting human puffing behavior. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2012;64:S11-34 pubmed publisher
    ..CC) under ISO machine-smoking conditions and a total of 25 additional smoking regimens reflecting 'human puffing behavior' (HPB)...
  12. Hu W, Shelnutt M, Wilson A, Yarab N, Kelly C, Grossman M, et al. Behavior matters--cognitive predictors of survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e57584 pubmed publisher
    ..Cognitive screening in ALS patients should focus on behavioral changes for prognosis, while non-behavioral cognitive impairments may impact quality of life without impacting survival. ..
  13. Bonnelle V, Ham T, Leech R, Kinnunen K, Mehta M, Greenwood R, et al. Salience network integrity predicts default mode network function after traumatic brain injury. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:4690-5 pubmed publisher
    Efficient behavior involves the coordinated activity of large-scale brain networks, but the way in which these networks interact is uncertain...
  14. Ortega R, Rodriguez Rodriguez E, Lopez Sobaler A. Effects of omega 3 fatty acids supplementation in behavior and non-neurodegenerative neuropsychiatric disorders. Br J Nutr. 2012;107 Suppl 2:S261-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Indeed, some studies only recorded benefits when lower doses were administered. It is therefore important that the dose required to achieve any potential benefit be determined. ..
  15. Steinberg E, Janak P. Establishing causality for dopamine in neural function and behavior with optogenetics. Brain Res. 2013;1511:46-64 pubmed publisher
    Dopamine (DA) is known to play essential roles in neural function and behavior. Accordingly, DA neurons have been the focus of intense experimental investigation that has led to many important advances in our understanding of how DA ..
  16. Marshall J, O Dell S. Methamphetamine influences on brain and behavior: unsafe at any speed?. Trends Neurosci. 2012;35:536-45 pubmed publisher
  17. Xue G, Juan C, Chang C, Lu Z, Dong Q. Lateral prefrontal cortex contributes to maladaptive decisions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:4401-6 pubmed publisher
    ..quot; These results reveal a causal role of the LPFC in implementing suboptimal decision strategy guided by false world models, especially when such strategy requires great resources for cognitive control. ..
  18. Doyen S, Klein O, Pichon C, Cleeremans A. Behavioral priming: it's all in the mind, but whose mind?. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29081 pubmed publisher
    The perspective that behavior is often driven by unconscious determinants has become widespread in social psychology...
  19. Bernstein J, Boyden E. Optogenetic tools for analyzing the neural circuits of behavior. Trends Cogn Sci. 2011;15:592-600 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe this optogenetic toolbox, how it can be used to analyze neural circuits in the brain and how optogenetics is impacting the study of cognition. ..
  20. Frosch D, Uy V, Ochoa S, Mangione C. Evaluation of a behavior support intervention for patients with poorly controlled diabetes. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171:2011-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Participants were randomized to an intervention package consisting of a 24-minute video behavior support intervention with a workbook and 5 sessions of telephone coaching by a trained diabetes nurse or a 20-..
  21. Kosinski M, Stillwell D, Graepel T. Private traits and attributes are predictable from digital records of human behavior. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:5802-5 pubmed publisher
    We show that easily accessible digital records of behavior, Facebook Likes, can be used to automatically and accurately predict a range of highly sensitive personal attributes including: sexual orientation, ethnicity, religious and ..
  22. Kellam S, Mackenzie A, Brown C, Poduska J, Wang W, Petras H, et al. The good behavior game and the future of prevention and treatment. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2011;6:73-84 pubmed
    The Good Behavior Game (GBG), a universal classroom behavior management method, was tested in first- and second-grade classrooms in Baltimore beginning in the 1985-1986 school year...
  23. Hornberger M, Piguet O. Episodic memory in frontotemporal dementia: a critical review. Brain. 2012;135:678-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, recent clinical and experimental findings and the historical evidence represent a strong case for a re-evaluation of the importance of memory disturbance in the clinical diagnosis of frontotemporal dementia. ..
  24. Hansson C, Shirazi R, Näslund J, Vogel H, Neuber C, Holm G, et al. Ghrelin influences novelty seeking behavior in rodents and men. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e50409 pubmed publisher
    ..between this trait and drug and alcohol abuse, led us to hypothesize that ghrelin may influence novelty seeking behavior. To test this possibility we applied several complementary rodent models of novelty seeking behavior, i.e...
  25. Yager L, Robinson T. A classically conditioned cocaine cue acquires greater control over motivated behavior in rats prone to attribute incentive salience to a food cue. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2013;226:217-28 pubmed publisher
    Cues associated with rewards bias attention towards them and can motivate drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior. There is, however, considerable individual variation in the extent to which cues associated with rewards acquire motivational ..
  26. Bilbo S, Schwarz J. The immune system and developmental programming of brain and behavior. Front Neuroendocrinol. 2012;33:267-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Immune molecules have a powerful impact on neuroendocrine function, including hormone-behavior interactions, during health as well as sickness...
  27. Feng C, Wang L, Liu C, Zhu X, Dai R, Mai X, et al. The time course of the influence of valence and arousal on the implicit processing of affective pictures. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29668 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that valence and arousal effects on implicit affective processing are more complicated than previous ERP studies with explicit tasks have revealed. ..
  28. Chandrasekaran S, Ament S, Eddy J, RODRIGUEZ ZAS S, Schatz B, Price N, et al. Behavior-specific changes in transcriptional modules lead to distinct and predictable neurogenomic states. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:18020-5 pubmed publisher
    ..853 individual honey bees exhibiting 48 distinct behavioral phenotypes in naturalistic contexts, we report that behavior-specific neurogenomic states can be inferred from the coordinated action of transcription factors (TFs) and their ..
  29. Gallos L, Barttfeld P, Havlin S, Sigman M, Makse H. Collective behavior in the spatial spreading of obesity. Sci Rep. 2012;2:454 pubmed publisher
    ..the weaker correlations found in the underlying population distribution indicating the presence of collective behavior, i.e., individual habits may have negligible influence in shaping the patterns of spreading...
  30. Dygalo N, Kalinina T, Bulygina V, Shishkina G. Increased expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-xL in the brain is associated with resilience to stress-induced depression-like behavior. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2012;32:767-76 pubmed publisher
    ..The processes and pathways linking stress stimuli to behavior via intracellular anti-apoptotic protein are discussed here in the context of Bcl-xL functions in the mechanisms ..
  31. Friese M, Smith C, Plischke T, Bluemke M, Nosek B. Do implicit attitudes predict actual voting behavior particularly for undecided voters?. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44130 pubmed publisher
    The prediction of voting behavior of undecided voters poses a challenge to psychologists and pollsters...
  32. Marteau T, Hollands G, Fletcher P. Changing human behavior to prevent disease: the importance of targeting automatic processes. Science. 2012;337:1492-5 pubmed
    ..These approaches are often ineffectual, which is in keeping with the observation that much human behavior is automatic, cued by environmental stimuli, resulting in actions that are largely unaccompanied by conscious ..
  33. Ohnishi H, Murata Y, Okazawa H, Matozaki T. Src family kinases: modulators of neurotransmitter receptor function and behavior. Trends Neurosci. 2011;34:629-37 pubmed publisher
    ..models have demonstrated that SFKs that are highly expressed in the adult brain regulate neuronal plasticity and behavior through tyrosine phosphorylation of key substrates such as neurotransmitter receptors...
  34. Abraham U, Saleh M, Kramer A. Odor is a time cue for circadian behavior. J Biol Rhythms. 2013;28:26-37 pubmed publisher
    ..to light, temperature, or food--might act as a circadian time cue able to influence circadian locomotor behavior in mammals...
  35. Parameshwaran D, Crone N, Thiagarajan T. Coherence potentials encode simple human sensorimotor behavior. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e30514 pubmed publisher
    ..and foot dorsiflexion) to understand how coherence potentials arising in the recordings relate to sensorimotor behavior. In all behaviors we found a particular coherence potential (i.e...
  36. Clark C, Sörqvist P. A 3 year update on the influence of noise on performance and behavior. Noise Health. 2012;14:292-6 pubmed publisher
    The effect of noise exposure on human performance and behavior continues to be a focus for research activities...
  37. Bodnar R. Endogenous opiates and behavior: 2010. Peptides. 2011;32:2522-52 pubmed publisher
    ..effects and neurochemical localization studies of endogenous opioids and their receptors related to behavior (Section 2), and the roles of these opioid peptides and receptors in pain and analgesia (Section 3); stress and ..
  38. Liuzza M, Cazzato V, Vecchione M, Crostella F, Caprara G, Aglioti S. Follow my eyes: the gaze of politicians reflexively captures the gaze of ingroup voters. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e25117 pubmed publisher
    ..where the directional gaze of right- or left-wing Italian political characters could influence the oculomotor behavior of ingroup or outgroup voters...
  39. Perucca P, Mula M. Antiepileptic drug effects on mood and behavior: molecular targets. Epilepsy Behav. 2013;26:440-9 pubmed publisher
    ..accruing evidence indicates that these mechanisms and targets are also implicated in the regulation of mood and behavior, which may explain why each AED is associated with specific psychotropic effects...
  40. Kelso J, Dumas G, Tognoli E. Outline of a general theory of behavior and brain coordination. Neural Netw. 2013;37:120-31 pubmed publisher
    ..A key to understanding is to couch the coordination of very different things--from molecules to thoughts--in the common language of coordination dynamics. ..
  41. Snowden J, Rollinson S, Thompson J, Harris J, Stopford C, Richardson A, et al. Distinct clinical and pathological characteristics of frontotemporal dementia associated with C9ORF72 mutations. Brain. 2012;135:693-708 pubmed publisher
    ..Mutations in the C9ORF72 gene may be a major cause not only of frontotemporal dementia with motor neuron disease but also of late onset psychosis. ..
  42. Urushihara H, Doi Y, Arai M, Matsunaga T, Fujii Y, Iino N, et al. Oseltamivir prescription and regulatory actions vis-à-vis abnormal behavior risk in Japan: drug utilization study using a nationwide pharmacy database. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28483 pubmed publisher
    ..issued in Japan to restrict oseltamivir use in children aged 10-19 years because of safety concerns over abnormal behavior. The effectiveness and validity of regulatory risk minimization actions remain to be reviewed, despite their ..
  43. Luo Y. Three-month-old infants attribute goals to a non-human agent. Dev Sci. 2011;14:453-60 pubmed
    ..g. equifinal variations in agents’ actions, to make inferences about agents’ goals. ..
  44. Critchley H, Harrison N. Visceral influences on brain and behavior. Neuron. 2013;77:624-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we review the role of these pathways as sources of biases to perception, cognition, emotion, and behavior and arguably the dynamic basis to the concept of self.
  45. Farris D, Sawicki G. Human medial gastrocnemius force-velocity behavior shifts with locomotion speed and gait. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:977-82 pubmed publisher
    ..How individual muscles adapt their behavior to modulate limb power output has been examined using computer simulation and animal models, but has not been ..
  46. Silvanto J, Pascual Leone A. Why the assessment of causality in brain-behavior relations requires brain stimulation. J Cogn Neurosci. 2012;24:775-7 pubmed publisher
    A central aim in cognitive neuroscience is to explain how neural activity gives rise to perception and behavior; the causal link of paramount interest is thus from brain to behavior...
  47. Korb E, Finkbeiner S. Arc in synaptic plasticity: from gene to behavior. Trends Neurosci. 2011;34:591-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We will also attempt to clarify how its molecular functions correspond to its requirement in various forms of plasticity, discuss Arc's role in behavior and disease, and highlight critical unresolved questions.
  48. Soltoggio A, Stanley K. From modulated Hebbian plasticity to simple behavior learning through noise and weight saturation. Neural Netw. 2012;34:28-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this paper is to demonstrate a computational relationship between local Hebbian plasticity and behavior learning by exploiting two traditionally unwanted features: neural noise and synaptic weight saturation...
  49. McCambridge J, Kypri K. Can simply answering research questions change behaviour? Systematic review and meta analyses of brief alcohol intervention trials. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e23748 pubmed publisher
    ..The effects of brief alcohol interventions may thus have been consistently under-estimated. These findings are relevant to evaluations of any interventions to alter behaviours which involve participant self-report. ..
  50. Zhou J, Yin J, Chen T, Ding X, Gao Z, Shen M. Visual working memory capacity does not modulate the feature-based information filtering in visual working memory. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e23873 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that VWM capacity did not modulate the feature-based filtering in VWM. ..
  51. Perdikis D, Huys R, Jirsa V. Time scale hierarchies in the functional organization of complex behaviors. PLoS Comput Biol. 2011;7:e1002198 pubmed publisher
    ..e., not from trajectories in phase space or time). ..
  52. Critchley C, Hardie E, Moore S. Examining the psychological pathways to behavior change in a group-based lifestyle program to prevent type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2012;35:699-705 pubmed publisher
    ..Eating behavior was not mediated by any of the psychological variables...
  53. Maguschak K, Ressler K. A role for WNT/?-catenin signaling in the neural mechanisms of behavior. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2012;7:763-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we summarize the role of Wnt/?-catenin signaling in the postnatal brain and discuss recent studies suggesting that deregulated Wnt signaling can result in altered behavior and cognitive disorders.