retropharyngeal abscess

Summary

Summary: An accumulation of purulent material in the space between the PHARYNX and the CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. This usually results from SUPPURATION of retropharyngeal LYMPH NODES in patients with UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS, perforation of the pharynx, or head and neck injuries.

Top Publications

  1. Sato K, Izumi T, Toshima M, Nagai T, Muroi K, Komatsu N, et al. Retropharyngeal abscess due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a case of acute myeloid leukemia. Intern Med. 2005;44:346-9 pubmed
    We describe a case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) complicated with retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a 56-year-old man...
  2. Craig F, Schunk J. Retropharyngeal abscess in children: clinical presentation, utility of imaging, and current management. Pediatrics. 2003;111:1394-8 pubmed
    We sought to describe the clinical presentation of patients with retropharyngeal abscess (RPA), utility of imaging studies, and implications on management.
  3. Al Sabah B, Bin Salleen H, Hagr A, Choi Rosen J, Manoukian J, Tewfik T. Retropharyngeal abscess in children: 10-year study. J Otolaryngol. 2004;33:352-5 pubmed
    ..Retrospective analysis of all patients treated for retropharyngeal infection in a tertiary care pediatric hospital...
  4. Page N, Bauer E, Lieu J. Clinical features and treatment of retropharyngeal abscess in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;138:300-6 pubmed publisher
    To characterize presentation, treatment, and outcomes of pediatric retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) and determine optimal treatment.
  5. Yamasaki Y, Nishi J, Nishikawa T, Tatsumoto C, Kasano F, Sano N, et al. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis secondary to retropharyngeal abscess in a child. J Infect Chemother. 2008;14:255-7 pubmed publisher
    We report herein of a 6-year-old boy with descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) secondary to retropharyngeal abscess, who was successfully treated by the administration of antibiotics...
  6. Aderdour L, Hassani R, Nejmi H, Elfakiri M, Maliki O, Droussi H, et al. [Retropharyngeal abscess revealing diabetes: a case report]. Ann Endocrinol (Paris). 2008;69:526-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Retropharyngeal abscess, a rare event in adults, is usually observed in immunodeficient persons or subsequent to foreign bodies. We report a case of retropharyngeal abscess which revealed diabetes mellitus...
  7. Ridder G, Technau Ihling K, Sander A, Boedeker C. Spectrum and management of deep neck space infections: an 8-year experience of 234 cases. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;133:709-14 pubmed
    ..To study the clinical course and outcome of deep neck infections (DNI), with special emphasis on microbiology and histopathology...
  8. Kubo S, Takimoto H, Hosoi K, Toyota S, Karasawa J, Yoshimine T. Osteomyelitis of the odontoid process associated with meningitis and retropharyngeal abscess--case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2002;42:447-51 pubmed
    ..The meningitis resisted antibiotic therapy, and one week later was complicated by a ruptured retropharyngeal abscess, which led to the correct diagnosis of osteomyelitis of the odontoid process of the axis...
  9. Dawes L, Bova R, Carter P. Retropharyngeal abscess in children. ANZ J Surg. 2002;72:417-20 pubmed
    b>Retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) is an uncommon, potentially fatal condition found more frequently in children than adults...

More Information

Publications95

  1. Chern S, Wei C, Hsieh R, Wang J. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus retropharyngeal abscess complicated by a cervical spinal subdural empyema. J Clin Neurosci. 2009;16:144-6 pubmed publisher
    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cervical spinal subdural empyema as a result of a retropharyngeal abscess has not been reported previously...
  2. Kusunoki T, Muramoto D, Murata K. A case of calcific retropharyngeal tendinitis suspected to be a retropharyngeal abscess upon the first medical examination. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2006;33:329-31 pubmed
    We report a case of calcific retropharyngeal tendonitis that was difficult to distinguish from retropharyngeal abscess. The patient was a 34-year-old woman who complained of severe cervical pain and stiffness for 1 day...
  3. Kielhorn J, Liebig T, Berlit P. [Retropharyngeal inflammation presenting as meningitis: an important differential diagnosis in clinical neurology]. Nervenarzt. 2006;77:702-3, 705 pubmed
    ..Lumbar puncture for suspected meningitis revealed normal CSF findings in all patients. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated inflammation of the deep neck space, leading to the final diagnosis of retropharyngeal abscess.
  4. Hung M, Wu K, Hwang B, Lee P, Meng C. Kawasaki disease resembling a retropharyngeal abscess--case report and literature review. Int J Cardiol. 2007;115:e94-6 pubmed
    A retropharyngeal abscess is a rare presentation of Kawasaki disease. Herein, we present a case of Kawasaki disease mimicking a retropharyngeal abscess, and review five previously published case reports...
  5. Nakamura A, Odaka M, Hirata K. [Case of diabetes mellitus associated with cervical pyogenic spondylitis and meningoencephalitis secondary to retropharyngeal abscess caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae]. Brain Nerve. 2008;60:571-4 pubmed
    ..Based on the diagnosis of cervical pyogenic spondylitis and meningoencephalitis secondary to retropharyngeal abscess caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, the patient was administered panipenem/betamipron and dexamethasone, ..
  6. Philpott C, Selvadurai D, Banerjee A. Paediatric retropharyngeal abscess. J Laryngol Otol. 2004;118:919-26 pubmed
    b>Retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) is an uncommon condition with the potential for significant morbidity and mortality if not detected early...
  7. Lübben B, Tombach B, Rudack C. [Tubercular spondylitis with retropharyngeal abscess]. HNO. 2004;52:820-3 pubmed
    ..However, upper cervical spine tuberculosis involving a cold retropharyngeal abscess is extremely rare...
  8. Seyhan T, Ertas N, Borman H. Necrotizing fasciitis of the chest wall with a retropharyngeal abscess: case report and literature review. Ann Plast Surg. 2008;61:544-8 pubmed publisher
    ..a case of a diabetic 49-year-old woman with anterior chest wall necrotizing fasciitis that caused a retropharyngeal abscess and discuss the literature surrounding necrotizing soft tissue infections of the chest wall...
  9. Marques P, Spratley J, Leal L, Cardoso E, Santos M. Parapharyngeal abscess in children: five year retrospective study. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;75:826-30 pubmed
    ..Lateropharyngeal and retropharyngeal abscesses are potentially life threatening infections in children..
  10. Wang L, Kuo W, Tsai S, Huang K. Characterizations of life-threatening deep cervical space infections: a review of one hundred ninety-six cases. Am J Otolaryngol. 2003;24:111-7 pubmed
    ..In this article, we try to find out whether there are predisposing factors related to complicated deep cervical space infections and prolonged hospitalization...
  11. Hon K, Chu W, Sung J. Retropharyngeal abscess in a young child due to ingestion of eel vertebrae. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010;26:439-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Parents must be educated about the risk of feeding infant and young children with bone-containing foods...
  12. Nwaorgu O, Onakoya P, Fasunla J, Ibekwe T. Retropharyngeal abscess: a clinical experience at the University College Hospital Ibadan. Niger J Med. 2005;14:415-8 pubmed
    Infection within the retropharyngeal space could progress on to an abscess formation resulting into retropharyngeal abscess (RPA), which can either be acute or chronic...
  13. Fleisch A, Nolan S, Gerber J, Coffin S. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a cause of extensive retropharyngeal abscess in two infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007;26:1161-3 pubmed
    ..Based on the existing literature and the rapid emergence of MRSA skin and soft tissue infections, it is possible that similar severe infections will occur with increasing frequency in young infants...
  14. Oktem F, Güvenç M, Yilmaz S, Edizer D, Kara B. Asymptomatic retropharyngeal abscess related to cervical Pott's disease. Am J Otolaryngol. 2006;27:278-80 pubmed
    ..In this article, we report a case of cervical Pott's disease presenting mainly with neurologic symptoms such as weakness, pain, numbness of both arms and hands, and an asymptomatic retropharyngeal abscess.
  15. Hasegawa J, Tateda M, Hidaka H, Sagai S, Nakanome A, Katagiri K, et al. Retropharyngeal abscess complicated with torticollis: case report and review of the literature. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2007;213:99-104 pubmed
    b>Retropharyngeal abscess commonly develops among infants and small children, and is associated with the severe inflammation of the retropharyngeal lymph nodes located in the retropharyngeal space...
  16. Zafereo M, Pereira K. Chronic retropharyngeal abscess presenting as obstructive sleep apnea. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2008;24:382-4 pubmed publisher
    Chronic retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) in children is an unusual condition that has rarely been reported in the literature...
  17. Yoruk O, Fidan V, Sutbeyaz Y. Hearing loss unusually caused by tubercular retropharyngeal abscess. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:955-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we had to do myringoplasty 3 months later. Antitubercular drugs were given for a period of 9 months. There has been no previous report of a retropharyngeal tuberculous abscess with conductive hearing loss...
  18. Rathakrishnan R, Lim E, Teoh H, Chan B, Seet R. Retropharyngeal abscess presenting with meningism. Intern Med J. 2005;35:567-8 pubmed
  19. Maier W, Lohnstein P, Schipper J, Boedeker C. [Jugular vein thrombosis and Lemierre's syndrome--severe complications of oropharyngeal infections]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2010;89:533-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Septic pulmonary embolism following pharyngeal infection and JVT, as described by Lemierre, was associated with a high rate of mortality in the pre-antibiotic era, and even today may be fatal in spite of appropriate and maximal therapy. ..
  20. Zahraa J, Al Boukai A. Acute retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscesses in children. Saudi Med J. 2002;23:899-903 pubmed
    ..Eight patient's records were reviewed. Seven were less than 3-years of age. The retropharyngeal abscess was suspected clinically in 3 cases only...
  21. Anil Kumar B, Chandramohan S, Parasu N. Case of the month. Acute neck swelling. Br J Radiol. 2005;78:89-90 pubmed
  22. Miyazaki T, Ito Y, Kato M, Akita S, Mizuta K, Miyata H, et al. [Retropharyngeal abscess in an adult and an elderly woman]. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. 1998;72:157-61 pubmed
    b>Retropharyngeal abscess is reported to be decreasing in frequency in recent years. We report two cases of retropharyngeal abscess that were diagnosed within four years in Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gifu University Hospital...
  23. Wagner R, Espitalier F, Madoz A, Picherot G, Bordure P, Malard O. [Retro- and parapharyngeal abscess in children: predictive factors of medical treatment failure]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac. 2009;126:112-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The predictive factors of failure after initial medical therapy for retro- and/or parapharyngeal abscess in children are underlined; these factors help determine the clinical approach. ..
  24. Pinto A, Scaglione M, Giovine S, Lassandro F, Gagliardi N, Romano L, et al. Regarding three cases of descending necrotizing mediastinitis: spiral CT assessment. Radiol Med. 2003;105:291-5 pubmed
    ..Three cases of DNM evaluated with spiral CT from June 1999 to June 2001 are presented. ..
  25. Mizumura K, Machino T, Sato Y, Ooki T, Hayashi K, Nakagawa Y, et al. Tuberculous retropharyngeal abscess associated with spinal tuberculosis well controlled by fine-needle aspiration and anti-tuberculous chemotherapy. Intern Med. 2010;49:1155-8 pubmed
    We present a rare case of a tuberculous retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) associated with spinal tuberculosis (TB) (Pott's disease). A patient presented with RPA and collapse of the second cervical vertebra...
  26. Chen C, Wang C, Lien R, Chou Y, Chang C, Chiang M. Mediastinal and retropharyngeal abscesses in a neonate. Pediatr neonatol. 2011;52:172-5 pubmed publisher
    Mediastinal abscess following retropharyngeal abscess is a rare entity. We report the first neonate presenting with a large mediastinal abscess as a complication of a retropharyngeal abscess...
  27. Dittenhoffer C. Blind omphalitis and palatine abscess in a bull calf. Can Vet J. 2005;46:441-2 pubmed
    ..Autopsy revealed an umbilical abscess, an abscess on the soft palate, and mild chronic enteritis and pulmonary edema. Virologic and bacteriologic investigations did not provide a definitive diagnosis. ..
  28. Son H, Cho J, Park S, Sun K, Kim K, Lee S. Management of descending necrotizing mediastinitis using minimally invasive video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2006;16:379-82 pubmed
    ..7(5 to 52) months. All the survivors are in good health with no recurrences. VATS was safe, effective, and a less invasive surgical option for the management of DNM and should be considered as a good alternative therapeutic modality. ..
  29. Maseda E, Ablanedo A, Baldo C, Fernandez M. [Migration and extrusion from the upper digestive tract to the skin of the neck of a foreign body (fish bone)]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2006;57:474-6 pubmed
    ..of the pathology, with possible mayor complications like migration into the fascial spaces of the neck, retropharyngeal abscess and perforation of the pharynx or esophagus which have the potential to cause morbidity and mortality...
  30. Chang L, Chi H, Chiu N, Huang F, Lee K. Deep neck infections in different age groups of children. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2010;43:47-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The location of the DNI appears to vary in different pediatric age groups. Its insidious presentation, with a potentially complicated course, warrants careful inspection in children with fever and neck masses, especially young children. ..
  31. Rajanna D, Manickavasagam J, Jewes L, Capper R. Retropharyngeal abscess from an unusual organism-Kingella denitrificans-in a patient on low-dose methotrexate. Ear Nose Throat J. 2011;90:E15-7 pubmed
    b>Retropharyngeal abscess can be a life-threatening emergency with potential for airway compromise...
  32. Izadi K, Lazow S, Berger J. Mediastinitis secondary to an odontogenic infection. A case report. N Y State Dent J. 2003;69:28-30 pubmed
    ..We report on a case that was managed successfully, albeit with a long, protracted course...
  33. Parhiscar A, Har El G. Deep neck abscess: a retrospective review of 210 cases. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001;110:1051-4 pubmed
    ..Intravenous drug abuse and mandibular fractures are no longer major etiologic factors. Tracheotomy is indicated in patients with Ludwig's angina. ..
  34. Copeland B, White D, Buenting J. Coccidioidomycosis of the head and neck. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2003;112:98-101 pubmed
  35. Loftis L. Acute infectious upper airway obstructions in children. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis. 2006;17:5-10 pubmed
    ..The clinical presentation of acute upper airway obstruction will depend on the degree and location of the obstruction. Therapy is aimed primarily at maintaining a patent airway and prescribing appropriate antimicrobials. ..
  36. Baglam T, Binnetoglu A, Yumusakhuylu A, Gerin F, Demir B, Sari M. Predictive value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in patients with deep neck space infection secondary to acute bacterial tonsillitis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2015;79:1421-4 pubmed publisher
    ..4%); five, parapharyngeal abscess (2.8%); and two, retropharyngeal abscess (1.1%)...
  37. Sichel J, Attal P, Hocwald E, Eliashar R. Redefining parapharyngeal space infections. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2006;115:117-23 pubmed
    ..Infection involving the parapharyngeal fat may be termed parapharyngeal abscess or deep neck abscess. Diffusion into the mediastinum and other severe complications are frequent. Urgent surgical drainage is therefore mandatory. ..
  38. Kawabata M, Umakoshi M, Makise T, Miyashita K, Harada M, Nagano H, et al. Clinical classification of peritonsillar abscess based on CT and indications for immediate abscess tonsillectomy. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2016;43:182-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In all 13 cases, abscess remained above the hyoid bone. Inferior Cap-type PTA may need more intensive and reliable treatment, such as IAT, which might be effective for PTA showing extraperitonsillar spread. ..
  39. Haben C, Campisi P, Sweet R. Sequential parapharyngeal abscesses. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2001;57:255-8 pubmed
    ..The use of intravenous clindamycin as a first-line therapy may not be sufficient if a large phlegmon exists. We describe a case of sequential, bilateral parapharyngeal abscesses in a 3-year-old patient. ..
  40. Boikov A, Griffith B, Stemer M, Jain R. Acute calcific longus colli tendinitis: an unusual location and presentation. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012;138:676-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, recent studies have brought attention to the disease existing at the C4-C5 and C5-C6 levels.(6,7) Acute LCT is considered relatively benign, typically resolving on its own within several weeks. ..
  41. Diep J, Kam D, Kuenzler K, Arthur J. Emergent Airway Management of an Uncooperative Child with a Large Retropharyngeal and Posterior Mediastinal Abscess. A A Case Rep. 2016;6:61-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Anesthesiologists must be prepared for airway emergencies in uncooperative patients, especially children, but there is controversy concerning the use of sedation. ..
  42. Woolley S, Smith D. History of possible foreign body ingestion in children: don't forget the rarities. Eur J Emerg Med. 2005;12:312-6 pubmed
    ..problems, including mucosal ulceration, inflammation or infection, and more seriously paraoesophageal or retropharyngeal abscess formation, mediastinitis, empyema, oesophageal perforation and aorta-oesophageal fistula formation...
  43. Berghout E, Peetsold M, Verboom A, Plötz F. [Inspiratory stridor in a child with a retropharyngeal abscess instead of the normally expected subglottic laryngitis]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2005;149:478-81 pubmed
    ..However, a rapidly progressive respiratory insufficiency developed which was found to be due to a retropharyngeal abscess. The patient was intubated and surgical drainage of the abscess followed...
  44. Zacharowski K, Kessler S, Bittinger F, Darius H, Meyer J. [A case report: suppurative pericardial effusion]. Z Kardiol. 2000;89:464-8 pubmed
    ..After surgery to remove the retropharyngeal abscess, the patient healed well...
  45. Shefelbine S, Mancuso A, Gajewski B, Ojiri H, Stringer S, Sedwick J. Pediatric retropharyngeal lymphadenitis: differentiation from retropharyngeal abscess and treatment implications. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;136:182-8 pubmed
    ..4 cm3. CT can identify patients with retropharyngeal infections who have a high likelihood of being successfully treated with antibiotics alone. CT imaging may assist in avoiding unnecessary surgical exploration. ..
  46. Stoner M, Dulaurier M. Pediatric ENT emergencies. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2013;31:795-808 pubmed publisher
    ..The emergency department physician is called on to offer initial if not definitive management of these patients. This article discusses common ear, nose, and throat emergencies presenting to the emergency department. ..
  47. González Aguado R, Morales Angulo C, Obeso Agüera S, Longarela Herrero Y, García Zornoza R, Acle Cervera L. Horner's syndrome after neck surgery. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2012;63:299-302 pubmed
    ..It is a rare complication of neck surgery.We describe 6 patients who presented with Horner's syndrome after a neck procedure in our department during the last 5 years and review the different neck procedures that can cause it. ..
  48. Avcu S, Unal O, Turan A, Kiris M, Yuca K. Retropharyngeal abscess presenting with acute respiratory distress in a case of cervical spondylodiscitis. B-ENT. 2010;6:63-5 pubmed
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) extending to the C5-6 level, C5-6 spondylodiscitis and a spinal epidural abscess...
  49. Elliott M, Yong S, Beckenham T. Carotid artery occlusion in association with a retropharyngeal abscess. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;70:359-63 pubmed
    ..We report on a case of a 4-year boy who presented with a retropharyngeal abscess that was complicated by ipsilateral carotid artery and internal jugular vein compression...
  50. Uzomefuna V, Glynn F, Mackle T, Russell J. Atypical locations of retropharyngeal abscess: beware of the normal lateral soft tissue neck X-ray. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;74:1445-8 pubmed publisher
    ..impossible to detect on the lateral soft tissue neck X-rays and this underscores the need for high index of suspicion and prompt CT or MRI scanning, in any child with symptoms or signs suggestive of a possible retropharyngeal abscess.
  51. Park S, Jin W, Lee S, Park J, Yang D, Ryu K. Acute retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis: a case report with unusual location of calcification. Skeletal Radiol. 2010;39:817-20 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a case of acute retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis with an unusual location of calcification anterior to the C5-C6 disc. ..
  52. Tollard E, Choussy O, Bertrand M, Thiebot J, Dacher J, Marie J. Prevertebral abscess mimicking a retropharyngeal abscess and revealing a double-location spondylodiscitis: case report. J Neuroradiol. 2007;34:141-3 pubmed
  53. Lo W, Lien Y, Wang C, Chu M. Retropharyngeal abscess caused by group B Streptococcus in a previously healthy child. Infection. 2001;29:289-90 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this paper is to present a previously healthy 3-year-old boy with a retropharyngeal abscess due to group B Streptococcus which was successfully treated by surgical incision and drainage in ..
  54. Nicolai P, Lombardi D, Berlucchi M, Farina D, Zanetti D. Drainage of retro-parapharyngeal abscess: an additional indication for endoscopic sinus surgery. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;262:722-30 pubmed
    ..Patients with abscess secondary to skull base osteomyelitis require close imaging surveillance because of the difficulty of definitive control of the disease...
  55. Schweinfurth J. Demographics of pediatric head and neck infections in a tertiary care hospital. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:887-9 pubmed
    ..Discuss potential patterns in the epidemiology of infectious disease of the head and neck...
  56. Gurkov R, Kisser U, Splettstösser W, Hogardt M, Krause E. Tularaemia of middle ear with suppurative lymphadenopathy and retropharyngeal abscess. J Laryngol Otol. 2009;123:1252-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We report an extremely rare case of otitis media due to Francisella tularensis, complicated by multiple suppurative cervical lesions and a lasting conductive hearing loss...
  57. Debnam J, Guha Thakurta N. Retropharyngeal and prevertebral spaces: anatomic imaging and diagnosis. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2012;45:1293-310 pubmed publisher
    ..The role of image-guided biopsy is also discussed...
  58. Weber A, Tannapfel A, Kösling S, Bootz F. [Parapharyngeal space-occupying lesions. Differential diagnosis based on case examples]. HNO. 2002;50:223-9 pubmed
    ..Parapharyngeal tumors account for only 0.8% of all head and neck tumors which often presents the problem of preoperative diagnosis. Up to 80% of parapharyngeal tumors are benign...
  59. Wright C, Stocks R, Armstrong D, Arnold S, Gould H. Pediatric mediastinitis as a complication of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus retropharyngeal abscess. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:408-13 pubmed publisher
    ..To examine changes in the incidence, bacteriology, and complications of retropharyngeal infection (RPI) over an 8-year period...
  60. Condon L, Knight L. Pseudosubluxation of the cervical spine. Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2005;66:586 pubmed
  61. Wang L, Tai C, Kuo W, Chien C. Predisposing factors of complicated deep neck infections: 12-year experience at a single institution. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;39:335-41 pubmed
    ..To review our experience with deep neck infections and identify the risk factors for developing complications and prolonged hospitalization...
  62. Behari S, Nayak S, Bhargava V, Banerji D, Chhabra D, Jain V. Craniocervical tuberculosis: protocol of surgical management. Neurosurgery. 2003;52:72-80; discussion 80-1 pubmed
    ..In this study, we attempt to establish the most effective strategy for the management of this condition...
  63. Erisen L, Coskun H, Parlak M, Ozmen A. Fourth branchial arch anomaly and pyriform sinus fistula as a rare cause of recurrent retropharyngeal abscess and thyroiditis in an adult. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;133:644 pubmed
  64. Czecior E, Pawlas P, Scierski W, Namysłowski G, Misiołek M, Turecka L, et al. [Abscess of the parapharyngeal space]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2008;62:486-8 pubmed publisher
    ..One patient was treated solely with intravenous antibiotic therapy. The average time of hospitalization was 16 days. No one complication was observed...
  65. Su F, Chen P, Chiu Y, Chen J. Salmonella retropharyngeal abscess in a child: case report and literature review. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003;22:833-6 pubmed
    b>Retropharyngeal abscess is a rare but serious disease in children. Salmonella species are uncommon causative agents of deep neck infections...
  66. Stawicki S, Evans D, Cipolla J, Seamon M, Lukaszczyk J, Prosciak M, et al. Retained surgical foreign bodies: a comprehensive review of risks and preventive strategies. Scand J Surg. 2009;98:8-17 pubmed
    ..The authors also explore the relationship between RSFB and surgical training with emphasis on education in early recognition, prevention, and focus on team-oriented training strategies...
  67. Yasan H, Dogru H. Kothari et al.: "An unusual cause of stridor: retropharyngeal cold abscess". Pediatr Surg Int. 2003;19:749; author reply 750 pubmed
  68. Lander L, Lu S, Shah R. Pediatric retropharyngeal abscesses: a national perspective. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;72:1837-43 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the resource utilization and national variation in the management of pediatric retropharyngeal abscesses...
  69. Wang L, Kuo W, Lin C, Lee K, Huang K. Space infection of the head and neck. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2002;18:386-92 pubmed
    ..The combination of accurate diagnosis, effective antibiotic therapy, airway maintenance, and intensive surgical debridement for those who fail to respond to conservative treatment will lead to a good prognosis...
  70. Tsai C, Lui C, Chung M, Ko T. Branchial-cleft sinus presenting with a retropharyngeal abscess for a newborn: a case report. Am J Perinatol. 2003;20:227-31 pubmed
    A retropharyngeal abscess rarely occurs in the neonate. We report a neonate without apparent trauma who presented with a left neck mass and respiratory distress at the fourth day of age...
  71. Tan P, Chang L, Huang Y, Chiu C, Wang C, Lin T. Deep neck infections in children. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2001;34:287-92 pubmed
    ..Five patients had congenital cyst and 4 of them had complications or recurrence/relapse. In conclusion, infections in the retropharyngeal space and polymicrobial infections were most common in deep neck infection of Taiwan children...
  72. Kiuchi N, Irifune M, Koizuka I. [Report of 2 cases of tuberculous retoropharygeal abscess in adults]. Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho. 2003;106:510-3 pubmed
    ..And moreover, surgical incision and drainage of retropharyngeal abscess were indicated...
  73. Etchevarren V, Bello O. Retropharyngeal abscess secondary to traumatic injury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2002;18:189-91 pubmed
  74. Borgohain B. Prompt restoration of airway along with rapid neurological recovery following ultrasonography-guided needle aspiration of a tubercular retropharyngeal abscess causing airway obstruction. Singapore Med J. 2011;52:e229-31 pubmed
    ..Within two-and-a-half hours, the patient improved neurologically. Although guided needle aspiration is one of the treatment options, there is a strong tendency to undermine this technique in favour of other options, especially surgery...
  75. Schoos A, Damgaard B, Jeppesen E. [Neck pain in children can be caused by a retropharyngeal abscess]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2012;174:2000-1 pubmed
    ..A magnetic resonance imaging of the neck area showed results, which led to the diagnosis of a retropharyngeal abscess. This case is a reminder that retropharyngeal abscess poses a diagnostic challenge for the physician, and ..
  76. Hugar B, Chandra Y, Babu P, Jayanth S, Vinay J. Fatal case of retropharyngeal abscess associated with Pott's disease. J Forensic Leg Med. 2013;20:567-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Retropharyngeal abscess is a rare, deep seated infection of the neck that usually affects young children. Chronic retropharyngeal abscess is rare and results from tuberculosis of the spine...
  77. Benaixa J, González Pérez J, Rodríguez Sola M, Moreno Luna R, Rando I, Esteban F. [Treatment of peripharyngeal abscesses by means of intra-oral puncture-aspiration and drainage]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2007;58:105-9 pubmed
    ..However, they still represent a considerable number of emergency visits to reference centres where they are managed with various protocols to improve both morbidity and mortality...
  78. Roldan C, Carlson P. Longus colli tendonitis, clinical consequences of a misdiagnosis. Am J Emerg Med. 2013;31:1538.e1-2 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Retropharyngeal abscess is a serious condition requiring emergent treatment, often in need of trans-oral incision and drainage ..
  79. Mignone F, Calitri C, Scolfaro C, Garofalo S, Lonati L, Versace A, et al. An adolescent with persistent cervical lymphadenopathy and retropharyngeal abscess: case report. Minerva Pediatr. 2013;65:569-74 pubmed
    ..America: a superficial persistent cervical lymphadenopathy was associated with a totally asymptomatic retropharyngeal abscess. Diagnostic approach was discussed...
  80. Singh J, Velankar H, Shinde D, Chordia N, Budhwani S. Retropharyngeal cold abscess without Pott's spine. S Afr J Surg. 2012;50:137-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a case of tuberculous retropharyngeal abscess in an adult woman without tuberculosis of the cervical spine who was managed surgically by aspirating the ..
  81. Paul C, Kumar A, Raut V, Garhnam A, Kumar N. Pseudomonas cervical osteomyelitis with retropharyngeal abscess: an unusual complication of otitis media. J Laryngol Otol. 2005;119:816-8 pubmed
    ..diabetic man with chronic suppurative otitis media, presenting with cervical osteomyelitis and retropharyngeal abscess. This was treated with decompression, debridement and fusion from C2 to C4 with external halo-frame ..
  82. Hoffmann C, Pierrot S, Contencin P, Morisseau Durand M, Manach Y, Couloigner V. Retropharyngeal infections in children. Treatment strategies and outcomes. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011;75:1099-103 pubmed publisher
    ..To optimize the treatment of retropharyngeal infections in children...
  83. Schmal F, Stoll W. [Differential diagnosis and management of retropharyngeal space-occupying lesions]. HNO. 2002;50:418-23 pubmed
    ..Diseases of the retropharyngeal space place high request on the diagnostic and therapeutic knowledge of the otorhinolaryngologist...
  84. Schlund G. [Lymphadenitis calls for strict follow-up]. HNO. 2002;50:492-4 pubmed
  85. Garg A, Wadhera R, Gulati S, Kishore D, Singh J. Giant retropharyngeal abscess secondary to tubercular spondylitis. Indian J Tuberc. 2009;56:225-8 pubmed
    Chronic retropharyngeal abscess secondary to tubercular spondilitis is a rare phenomenon...
  86. Badiee P, Alborzi A, Farhoudi F. A case of Candida mediastinitis after dental extraction. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2011;5:75-8 pubmed
    ..We present a rare case of a previously healthy and immunocompetent man with Candida mediastinitis due to retropharyngeal abscess after dental extraction, who presented with odynophagia and fever...