periapical abscess


Summary: Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Shin S, Albert J, Mortman R. One step pulp revascularization treatment of an immature permanent tooth with chronic apical abscess: a case report. Int Endod J. 2009;42:1118-26 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe a case in which a mandibular right second premolar with a necrotic pulp, sinus tract, periradicular radiolucency and an immature apex underwent revascularization via a single treatment approach...
  2. Chaffee N, Lowden K, Tiffee J, Cooper L. Periapical abscess formation and resolution adjacent to dental implants: a clinical report. J Prosthet Dent. 2001;85:109-12 pubmed
    ..The risk of periapical infection at teeth adjacent to implants must be minimized...
  3. Maroto M, Barbería E, Planells P, Vera V. Treatment of a non-vital immature incisor with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Dent Traumatol. 2003;19:165-9 pubmed
    ..At follow-up 12 months later, the tooth was asymptomatic and radiographically showed the initial repair of the radiolucent apical lesion...
  4. Allareddy V, Lin C, Shah A, Lee M, Nalliah R, Elangovan S, et al. Outcomes in patients hospitalized for periapical abscess in the United States: an analysis involving the use of a nationwide inpatient sample. J Am Dent Assoc. 2010;141:1107-16 pubmed
    Severe infections resulting from periapical abscesses may warrant hospitalization. The authors conducted a study to investigate the factors affecting outcomes for patients hospitalized for periapical abscess in the United States in 2007.
  5. Chueh L, Huang G. Immature teeth with periradicular periodontitis or abscess undergoing apexogenesis: a paradigm shift. J Endod. 2006;32:1205-13 pubmed
    ..Our clinical observations support a shifting paradigm toward a conservative approach by providing a favorable environment for tissue regeneration. The mechanism of this continued development and formation of the root end is discussed...
  6. Siqueira J, Rôças I. The microbiota of acute apical abscesses. J Dent Res. 2009;88:61-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Findings not only strengthen the association of many cultivable species with abscesses, but also include some newly named species and uncultivated phylotypes in the set of candidate pathogens associated with this disease...
  7. Chu F, Sham A, Yip K. Fractured dens evaginatus and unusual periapical radiolucency. Dent Traumatol. 2002;18:339-41 pubmed
  8. Khemaleelakul S, Baumgartner J, Pruksakom S. Autoaggregation and coaggregation of bacteria associated with acute endodontic infections. J Endod. 2006;32:312-8 pubmed
    ..Coaggregation was observed for each of the 15 genera assayed, especially Prevotella, Streptococcus, and Fusobacterium. The dye-staining assay using a confocal microscope was a highly sensitive method to detect aggregation of bacteria. ..
  9. McCracken M, Chavali R, Al Naief N, Eleazer P. A residual granuloma in association with a dental implant. Implant Dent. 2012;21:87-90 pubmed publisher
    ..After surgical curettage of the site, the patient healed without complication. Implants may develop apical pathology as a result of a preexisting long-term residual infection. ..

More Information

Publications110 found, 100 shown here

  1. Kuriyama T, Karasawa T, Nakagawa K, Saiki Y, Yamamoto E, Nakamura S. Bacteriologic features and antimicrobial susceptibility in isolates from orofacial odontogenic infections. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000;90:600-8 pubmed
    ..Cefmetazole, clindamycin, and minocycline may be effective against most pathogens, including penicillin-unsusceptible bacteria. ..
  2. Kalfas S, Figdor D, Sundqvist G. A new bacterial species associated with failed endodontic treatment: identification and description of Actinomyces radicidentis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2001;92:208-14 pubmed
    ..The 2 cases of endodontic failure were infected with A radicidentis, a new Actinomyces species. This bacterium joins a restricted group of other microorganisms that have been associated with failure of root canal treatment. ..
  3. Petrino J. Revascularization of necrotic pulp of immature teeth with apical periodontitis. Northwest Dent. 2007;86:33-5 pubmed
  4. Schulz M, von Arx T, Altermatt H, Bosshardt D. Histology of periapical lesions obtained during apical surgery. J Endod. 2009;35:634-42 pubmed publisher
    ..A determination between pocket and true apical cysts is hardly possible when collecting samples by apical surgery. ..
  5. Siqueira J, Rôças I, Souto R, de Uzeda M, Colombo A. Actinomyces species, streptococci, and Enterococcus faecalis in primary root canal infections. J Endod. 2002;28:168-72 pubmed
    ..8%), S. gordonii (11.1%), S. intermedius (11.1%), A. israelii (7.4%), S. anginosus (7.4%), and S. sanguis (7.4%). S. constellatus was the only species positively associated with acute periradicular abscess (p < 0.01). ..
  6. Daniel E, Whang C, Cohen J. Radiology quiz case 2. Cervical necrotizing fasciitis (CNF), odontogenic origin. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;130:480, 482-3 pubmed
  7. Foley J, Evans D, Blackwell A. Partial caries removal and cariostatic materials in carious primary molar teeth: a randomised controlled clinical trial. Br Dent J. 2004;197:697-701; discussion 689 pubmed
    ..0, P = 0.004 respectively). There were no differences in the proportions of restorations lost between restoration types, although PCR:BCC restorations did have significantly more abscess/sinus formation over the 24-month study period. ..
  8. Bouloux G, Wallace J, Xue W. Irrigating drains for severe odontogenic infections do not improve outcome. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2013;71:42-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of nonirrigating drains appears to be equally efficacious as irrigating drains in the management of severe odontogenic infection. ..
  9. Huang F, Chou M, Chang Y. Induction of cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA and protein expression by epoxy resin and zinc oxide-eugenol based root canal sealers in human osteoblastic cells. Biomaterials. 2003;24:1869-75 pubmed
    ..In addition, root canal sealers-induced cytotoxicity is not directly via the induction of COX-2 expression. ..
  10. Ju Y, Tsai A, Wu Y, Pan W. Surgical intervention of mucosal fenestration in a maxillary premolar: a case report. Quintessence Int. 2004;35:125-8 pubmed
    ..One-year postoperatively, the mucosa remained covered, and there was radiographic evidence of bone infilling in the periapical region. ..
  11. Sattarzadeh A, Blinkhorn A. Dental care for the neglected mouth of an adolescent with cerebral palsy: a case report. Dent Update. 2006;33:117-8, 121-2 pubmed
    ..Knowledge of the treatment which ideally may be offered to patients with cerebral palsy may help such patients retain and maintain their dentition. ..
  12. Chang S, Shin S, Hong J, Yang S, Yoo H, Park D, et al. Immediate implant placement into infected and noninfected extraction sockets: a pilot study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2009;107:197-203 pubmed publisher
    ..This study compared the osseointegration of immediate implants in dogs in infection-free sites and in sites with periradicular lesions which were removed by simulated periradicular surgery...
  13. Serefhanoglu K, Bayindir Y, Ersoy Y, Isik K, Hacievliyagil S, Serefhanoglu S. Septic pulmonary embolism secondary to dental focus. Quintessence Int. 2008;39:753-6 pubmed
    ..workup revealed multiple pulmonary nodules on the chest CT scan, suggesting septic pulmonary embolism, and a periapical abscess around the maxillary right central incisor...
  14. El Meligy O, Abdalla M, El Baraway S, El Tekya M, Dean J. Histological evaluation of electrosurgery and formocresol pulpotomy techniques in primary teeth in dogs. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2001;26:81-5 pubmed
  15. Lerman M, Laudenbach J, Marty F, Baden L, Treister N. Management of oral infections in cancer patients. Dent Clin North Am. 2008;52:129-53, ix pubmed
    ..With the majority of cancer patients treated as outpatients in the community setting, oral health care professionals play an important role in managing such infectious complications of cancer therapy. ..
  16. Rosado P, Gallego L, Junquera L, de Vicente J. Lemierre's syndrome: a serious complication of an odontogenic infection. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2009;14:e398-401 pubmed
    ..Early recognition and high-dose antibiotics are critical elements in reducing mortality. ..
  17. Diab M, elBadrawy H. Intrusion injuries of primary incisors. Part II: Sequelae affecting the intruded primary incisors. Quintessence Int. 2000;31:335-41 pubmed
    ..This article will review the possible sequelae affecting primary incisors following their intrusion...
  18. Schulze R, d Hoedt B. [Root growth after wisdom tooth transposition. Case documentation with proposal for a radiologic method to quantify growth]. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir. 2003;7:279-82 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that with the described method root growth assessment on panoramic radiographs is more accurate than with direct measurement. ..
  19. Fregnani E, Spinola L, Sônego J, Bueno C, De Martin A. Complex endodontic treatment of an immature type III dens invaginatus. A case report. Int Endod J. 2008;41:913-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Correct diagnosis and treatment planning are fundamental to treatment of dens invaginatus. Periapical surgery is indicated in cases of unsuccessful apexification in immature teeth with dens invaginatus and nonvital pulp. ..
  20. Rao Genovese F, Marsico E. Maxillary central incisor with two roots: a case report. J Endod. 2003;29:220-1 pubmed
    ..Management of a dual-rooted maxillary central incisor with a normal clinical crown is reported. The postoperative radiograph shows two distinct roots and canals. ..
  21. Tunga U, Bodrumlu E, Acikgoz A, Acikgoz G. A case of tularemia presenting as a dental abscess: case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;103:e33-5 pubmed
    ..Fortunately, the patient was known to come from a tularemia region; with the suspicion of tularemia the patient was referred to the faculty of medicine. Serologic tests showed that the patient had a Francisella tularensis infection. ..
  22. Choudhari S, Joshi S, Patil N, Kalyan S. Dens invaginatus: a case report. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2013;34:e53-6 pubmed
    ..As with most conditions, early diagnosis and preventive measures help minimize complications in dens invaginatus cases. ..
  23. Ricardo A, Britto M, Genovese W. In vivo study of the Nd:YAP laser in persistent periapical lesion. Photomed Laser Surg. 2005;23:582-5 pubmed
    ..Our results supported the use of Nd:YAP laser, in part since it created an unfavorable environment for the continuing development of microorganisms. ..
  24. Estrela C, Guedes O, Silva J, Leles C, Estrela C, Pecora J. Diagnostic and clinical factors associated with pulpal and periapical pain. Braz Dent J. 2011;22:306-11 pubmed
    ..001). Endodontic diagnosis and local factors associated with pulpal and periapical pain suggest that the important clinical factor of pulpal pain was closed pulp chamber and caries, and of periapical pain was open pulp chamber. ..
  25. Unkel J, Edwards J, Piscitelli W, Tye G. Dental surgery and anesthetic precautions of a patient with Down syndrome and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: a case report. Pediatr Dent. 2012;34:517-20 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this paper was to present a case of an individual with both conditions and describe precautionary measures that were undertaken to safely complete dental treatment under general anesthesia and avoid morbidity. ..
  26. Spolnik K. Case # 7. Mandibular molar retreatment. J Indiana Dent Assoc. 2002;81:23-4 pubmed
  27. Sood R, Kumar Hans M, Shetty S. Apical barrier technique with mineral trioxide aggregate using internal matrix: a case report. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2012;33:e88-90 pubmed
    ..This article presents a case report in which an internal matrix was formed using absorbable collagen sponge to provide a base for MTA placement at the apex. ..
  28. Sonmez I, Akbay Oba A, Erkmen Almaz M. Revascularization/Regeneration performed in immature molars: case reports. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2013;37:231-4 pubmed
  29. Sousa E, Martinho F, Leite F, Nascimento G, Gomes B. Macrophage cell activation with acute apical abscess contents determined by interleukin-1 Beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha production. J Endod. 2014;40:1752-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the use of intracanal medication improved the removal of bacteria and endotoxins from infected root canals, which may have resulted in the reduction of the inflammatory potential of the root canal content. ..
  30. Goolamali S, Carulli M, Davies U. Spinal abscess and mitral valve endocarditis secondary to asymptomatic fusobacterium-induced dental abscess. J R Soc Med. 2006;99:368-9 pubmed
  31. Dahlen G. Microbiology and treatment of dental abscesses and periodontal-endodontic lesions. Periodontol 2000. 2002;28:206-39 pubmed
  32. Vissink A, Spijkervet F. [Diagnostic image (342). A woman with a fistula at the edge of the jaw]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2007;151:2697; author reply 2697-8 pubmed
  33. Kfir A, Telishevsky Strauss Y, Leitner A, Metzger Z. The diagnosis and conservative treatment of a complex type 3 dens invaginatus using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and 3D plastic models. Int Endod J. 2013;46:275-88 pubmed publisher
    ..Unconventional technological approaches may be required for detailed treatment planning of complex cases of dens invaginatus. ..
  34. Serio S, Burgess B, Voigt D. Fungal periapical abscess and the burn patient: A report of two cases of an unreported source for systemic infection. Burns. 2018;44:e13-e16 pubmed publisher
    ..Fungal periapical abscesses are a rare and, yet undescribed, potential source of systemic sepsis in the burn intensive care unit. ..
  35. Mainar Jaime R, Woodbury M, Chirino Trejo M. Survey on 'lumpy jaw' on deer farms in western Canada: prevalence and distribution, and identification of associated factors. N Z Vet J. 2007;55:30-9 pubmed
  36. von Arx T, Penarrocha M, Jensen S. Prognostic factors in apical surgery with root-end filling: a meta-analysis. J Endod. 2010;36:957-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, patient- and tooth-related factors should be considered as important prognostic determinants when planning or weighing apical surgery against treatment alternatives. ..
  37. George R, Moule A, Walsh L. A rare case of dens invaginatus in a mandibular canine. Aust Endod J. 2010;36:83-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The tooth was treated endodontically using a non-surgical technique with hand endodontic files, and then followed up after a period of 8 months. A follow-up radiograph showed some healing of the lesion. ..
  38. Roth J. CBCT technology: endodontics and beyond, Part 2. Dent Today. 2011;30:78, 80-3 pubmed
    ..It is the author's belief that the implementation of this technology will lead to new innovations and better care in all specialties of dentistry. ..
  39. Fuks A, Eidelman E, Cleaton Jones P, Michaeli Y. Pulp response to ferric sulfate, diluted formocresol and IRM in pulpotomized primary baboon teeth. ASDC J Dent Child. 1997;64:254-9 pubmed
    ..No difference was found between the experimental and control groups for the presence of dentin bridge, (p > 0.05). Ferric sulfate produced pulp responses that compared favorably to those of diluted formocresol...
  40. Roberts A. Bacteria in the mouth. Dent Update. 2005;32:134-6, 139-40, 142 pubmed
    ..Bacteria form an important group of micro-organisms found in both healthy and diseased mouths. The current article will discuss those bacteria resident within the mouth and review the oral diseases with which they are associated...
  41. Suma R, Vinay C, Shashikanth M, Subba Reddy V. Garre's sclerosing osteomyelitis. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2007;25 Suppl:S30-3 pubmed
    ..The elimination of periapical infection was achieved by endodontic therapy and the complete bone remodeling was seen radiographically after three months follow-up. ..
  42. Nakamura K, Yamasaki M, Nishigaki N, Iwama A, Imaizumi I, Nakamura H, et al. Effect of methotrexate-induced neutropenia on pulpal inflammation in rats. J Endod. 2002;28:287-90 pubmed
    ..Immunohistochemically, the neutropenia resulted in inhibition of the infiltration by neutrophils. These results suggest that the neutrophil plays an important role in the defense against bacteria in pulpal tissue. ..
  43. Chai A, Chan D, Malik S. Inadequate education. Br Dent J. 2007;202:509 pubmed
  44. Ozçakir Tomruk C, Tanalp J, Yurdagüven H, Ersev H. Endodontic and surgical management of a maxillary lateral incisor with type III dens invaginatus: a 12-month follow-up. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008;106:e84-7 pubmed publisher
    ..ProRoot MTA (Dentsply, Tulsa, OK) was placed as a root end filling material. Postoperative 12-month follow-up revaled a satisfactory healing process. ..
  45. Boykin M, Gilbert G, Tilashalski K, Shelton B. Incidence of endodontic treatment: a 48-month prospective study. J Endod. 2003;29:806-9 pubmed
    ..Dental abscesses or toothaches were the main reason(s) for endodontic treatment, but not all persons with these conditions during follow-up sought dental treatment of any variety...
  46. Ortiz P, Weisleder R, Villareal de Justus Y. Combined therapy in the treatment of dens invaginatus: case report. J Endod. 2004;30:672-4 pubmed
    ..We present a case report of a maxillary lateral incisor having the anomaly in which both nonsurgical and surgical treatment was performed...
  47. Clark B, Homeyer D, Glass K, D Avignon L. Clindamycin-induced Sweet's syndrome. Pharmacotherapy. 2007;27:1343-6 pubmed
    ..Early recognition of this condition in conjunction with cessation of drug exposure, with or without antiinflammatory therapy, can produce complete recovery...
  48. Ricucci D, Siqueira J. Anatomic and microbiologic challenges to achieving success with endodontic treatment: a case report. J Endod. 2008;34:1249-54 pubmed publisher
    ..This case report clearly illustrates the difficulties imposed by anatomic complexities in attaining a disinfection level that is compatible with periradicular tissue healing...
  49. Rôças I, Siqueira J. Prevalence of new candidate pathogens Prevotella baroniae, Prevotella multisaccharivorax and as-yet-uncultivated Bacteroidetes clone X083 in primary endodontic infections. J Endod. 2009;35:1359-62 pubmed publisher
  50. Kim Y, Kim S, Byeon J, Lee H, Um I, Lim S, et al. Development of a novel bone grafting material using autogenous teeth. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2010;109:496-503 pubmed publisher
    ..AutoBT was used at the time of implant placement, simultaneously with osteoinduction surgery, and excellent bony healing by osteoinduction and osteoconduction was confirmed...
  51. Kahler B. Microsurgical endodontic retreatment of a maxillary molar with a separated file: a case report. Aust Dent J. 2011;56:76-81 pubmed publisher
    ..A separated instrument complicated orthograde endodontic retreatment of a maxillary molar tooth with apical periodontitis...
  52. Komabayashi T, Jiang J, Zhu Q. Apical infection spreading to adjacent teeth: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011;111:e15-20 pubmed publisher
    ..a periapical cyst; however, the clinical surgical finding of a purulence-filled bone cavity also revealed a periapical abscess. After root-end surgery and regenerative therapy using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate, Bio-Oss xenograft ..
  53. Ferreira D, Rôças I, Paiva S, Carmo F, Cavalcante F, Rosado A, et al. Viral-bacterial associations in acute apical abscesses. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011;112:264-71 pubmed publisher
    ..This study sought to investigate the possible associations between 9 candidate endodontic bacterial pathogens and 9 human viruses in samples from acute apical abscesses...
  54. Chang S, Oh T, Lee W, Cheung G, Kim H. Long-term observation of the mineral trioxide aggregate extrusion into the periapical lesion: a case series. Int J Oral Sci. 2013;5:54-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These cases revealed that direct contact with MTA had no negative effects on healing of the periapical tissues. However, intentional MTA overfilling into the periapical lesion is not to be recommended...
  55. Oncag O, Eronat C, Sen B. Regional odontodysplasia: a case report. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 1996;21:41-6 pubmed
    ..The upper right first primary molar was extracted because of a periapical abscess and examined scanning electron microscopically...
  56. Di Lenarda R, Cadenaro M, Stacchi C. Paresthesia of the mental nerve induced by periapical infection: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000;90:746-9 pubmed
    ..Twelve months later, the tooth was still asymptomatic. The possible mechanisms responsible for paresthesia associated with periapical infection are discussed...
  57. Shabahang S, Torabinejad M. Treatment of teeth with open apices using mineral trioxide aggregate. Pract Periodontics Aesthet Dent. 2000;12:315-20; quiz 322 pubmed
    ..This article demonstrates the use of mineral trioxide aggregate as an apical barrier material for root-end closure in the permanent teeth of three patients...
  58. de Sousa E, Ferraz C, Gomes B, Pinheiro E, Teixeira F, de Souza Filho F. Bacteriological study of root canals associated with periapical abscesses. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2003;96:332-9 pubmed
    ..The concomitant microorganisms were identified through the use of established methods. The susceptibility of P prevotii and F necrophorum to antimicrobials was evaluated by using the E test method...
  59. Ramzan P, Payne R. Periapical dental infection with nasolacrimal involvement in a horse. Vet Rec. 2005;156:184-5 pubmed
  60. Limeres J, Tomas I, Alvarez M, Diz P. Empirical antimicrobial therapy for odontogenic infections. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2005;100:263-4 pubmed
  61. Klaus H, Tam M. Oral health and the postcontact adaptive transition: A contextual reconstruction of diet in Mórrope, Peru. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2010;141:594-609 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings also further the understandings of dietary and biocultural histories of the Western Hemisphere...
  62. Leal S, Bronkhorst E, Fan M, Frencken J. Untreated cavitated dentine lesions: impact on children's quality of life. Caries Res. 2012;46:102-6 pubmed publisher
    ..90 (95% CI: 1.18-3.06), 6.26 (95% CI: 3.63-10.83), 6.87 (95% CI: 2.75-17.16) and 3.68 (95% CI: 2.12-6.39), respectively. Children's quality of life was negatively influenced by untreated cavitated dentine lesions and their consequences...
  63. Tavakoli M, Bagheri A, Faraz M, Salehirad S, Roghaee S. Orbital cellulitis as a complication of mandibular odontogenic infection. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013;29:e5-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the patient underwent combined dental and orbital surgery to drain the abscess. Following the surgery, the patient's clinical signs and symptoms resolved completely. ..
  64. Ghaly B, Bertram A, Naim A. Lemierre's syndrome: a serious complication of a routine dental procedure. Aust Dent J. 2013;58:246-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Firstly, we believe it is the first reported iatrogenic case following a routine dental procedure. Secondly, the internal jugular vein thrombosis was found to occur on the contralateral side to the primary infection...
  65. Lewis M, MacFarlane T, McGowan D, MacDonald D. Assessment of the pathogenicity of bacterial species isolated from acute dentoalveolar abscesses. J Med Microbiol. 1988;27:109-16 pubmed
    ..001) than a combination comprising anaerobic gram-positive cocci and S. milleri. It is concluded that anaerobic gram-negative bacilli are major pathogens in acute dentoalveolar abscesses...
  66. Chana H, Briggs P, Moss R. Degradation of a silver point in association with endodontic infection. Int Endod J. 1998;31:141-6 pubmed
    ..Although other reports have demonstrated corrosion of silver points, this method of presentation appears unique...
  67. O Sullivan S, Hartwell G. Obturation of a retained primary mandibular second molar using mineral trioxide aggregate: a case report. J Endod. 2001;27:703-5 pubmed
    ..It is not recommended for obturation of primary teeth that are expected to exfoliate since it is anticipated that Mineral Trioxide Aggregate would be absorbed slowly, if at all...
  68. Aryanpour S, Bercy P, Van Nieuwenhuysen J. Endodontic and periodontal treatments of a geminated mandibular first premolar. Int Endod J. 2002;35:209-14 pubmed
    ..To describe a rare case of gemination involving a mandibular first premolar...
  69. Kuriyama T, Williams D, Yanagisawa M, Iwahara K, Shimizu C, Nakagawa K, et al. Antimicrobial susceptibility of 800 anaerobic isolates from patients with dentoalveolar infection to 13 oral antibiotics. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2007;22:285-8 pubmed
  70. Moshonov J, Michaeli E, Nahlieli O. Endoscopic root canal treatment. Quintessence Int. 2009;40:739-44 pubmed
    ..To describe an innovative endoscopic technique for root canal treatment...
  71. Gonzalez Martin M, Torres Lagares D, Gutierrez Perez J, Segura Egea J. Inferior alveolar nerve paresthesia after overfilling of endodontic sealer into the mandibular canal. J Endod. 2010;36:1419-21 pubmed publisher
  72. Montagner F, Gomes B, Kumar P. Molecular fingerprinting reveals the presence of unique communities associated with paired samples of root canals and acute apical abscesses. J Endod. 2010;36:1475-9 pubmed publisher
  73. Longhini A, Branstetter B, Ferguson B. Unrecognized odontogenic maxillary sinusitis: a cause of endoscopic sinus surgery failure. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2010;24:296-300 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was designed to characterize clinical and radiographic findings in patients who fail to improve with ESS because of an unrecognized dental etiology...
  74. Wang Q, Zhou X, Zheng Q, Wang Y, Tang L, Huang D. Distribution of Porphyromonas gingivalis fimA genotypes in chronic apical periodontitis associated with symptoms. J Endod. 2010;36:1790-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study aims to determine the prevalence of P. gingivalis fimA genotypes in apical periodontitis and to investigate the correlation between P. gingivalis fimA genotypes and clinical symptoms...
  75. Awad E, Al Dharrab A. Panoramic radiographic examination: a survey of 271 edentulous patients. Int J Prosthodont. 2011;24:55-7 pubmed
    ..However, prescribing such an examination in patients seeking replacement dentures requires a thorough patient history and clinical examination...
  76. Amaya M, Criado L, Blanco B, Gomez M, Torres O, Florez L, et al. Polymorphisms of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes and the risk for acute suppurative or chronic nonsuppurative apical periodontitis in a Colombian population. Int Endod J. 2013;46:71-8 pubmed publisher
  77. Andreana S. A combined approach for treatment of developmental groove associated periodontal defect. A case report. J Periodontol. 1998;69:601-7 pubmed
    ..This combined treatment allowed the tooth to be saved, the palatal surgical approach did not alter the esthetics of the area, and its simplicity is recommended...
  78. Furst I, Ersil P, Caminiti M. A rare complication of tooth abscess--Ludwig's angina and mediastinitis. J Can Dent Assoc. 2001;67:324-7 pubmed
    ..This article reviews a case of a seemingly innocuous toothache which rapidly progressed to Ludwig's angina and mediastinitis, and discusses how to recognize and manage these life-threatening infections...
  79. Ogi N, Nagao T, Toyama M, Ariji E. Chronic dental infections mimicking temporomandibular disorders. Aust Dent J. 2002;47:63-5 pubmed
    ..TMD-like symptoms, as a result of the pathologies, may be confusing to a clinician. This paper reports two cases of chronic dental infection mimicking TMD...
  80. Lofthag Hansen S, Huumonen S, Grondahl K, Gröndahl H. Limited cone-beam CT and intraoral radiography for the diagnosis of periapical pathology. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;103:114-9 pubmed
    ..To compare intraoral periapical radiography with 3D images for the diagnosis of periapical pathology...
  81. Misthos P, Katsaragakis S, Kakaris S, Theodorou D, Skottis I. Descending necrotizing anterior mediastinitis: analysis of survival and surgical treatment modalities. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65:635-9 pubmed
    ..Descending necrotizing anterior mediastinitis (DNAM) is a severe infectious disease with a very high mortality rate. The aim of this study was to define the impact of several clinical factors on survival...
  82. Bortoluzzi M, Manfro R, De Déa B, Dutra T. Incidence of dry socket, alveolar infection, and postoperative pain following the extraction of erupted teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2010;11:E033-40 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of dry socket, alveolar infection, and postoperative pain following the routine extraction of erupted teeth...
  83. Bodner L, Manor E, Joshua B, Barabás J, SZABO G. Cutaneous sinus tract of dental origin in children-a report of 28 new cases. Pediatr Dermatol. 2012;29:421-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Early treatment of the dental infection may cause healing of the cutaneous lesion spontaneously, without a scar...
  84. Sachdeva G, Malhotra D, Sachdeva L, Sharma N, Negi A. Endodontic management of mandibular central incisor fused to a supernumerary tooth associated with a talon cusp: a case report. Int Endod J. 2012;45:590-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To report the successful non-surgical endodontic management of a mandibular central incisor fused to a supernumerary tooth associated with a talon cusp...
  85. Newton C. Case # 1. Maxillary first molar retreatment. J Indiana Dent Assoc. 2002;81:10-2 pubmed
  86. McCrea F. A patient's own power of sucking in order to drain dental abscesses with good results. J Ir Dent Assoc. 2003;49:36 pubmed
  87. Siqueira J, Rôças I. A 16S rDNA-based nested PCR protocol to detect Campylobacter gracilis in oral infections. Pesqui Odontol Bras. 2003;17:142-6 pubmed
    ..Our findings confirmed that C. gracilis may be a member of the microbiota associated with distinct oral infections, and its specific role in such diseases requires further clarification...
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    ..This report details the patient's dental management and discusses the possible pathogenesis of the dental abscesses, together with the genetic implications of this syndrome...
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    ..Pulp involvement and periapical abscess subsequent to contamination through the invagination space were observed...
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    ..In this case, reconstructed three-dimensional images from multidetector spiral computed tomographs were helpful in evaluating periodontal bony defects and their relationship with the maxillary sinus...
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    ..Importance of antimicrobial susceptibility testing is emphasized. There is a need for more research on microbial causes and interactions in different forms of apical periodontitis to improve diagnosis and treatment. ..