Summary: Inflammation of the EPIGLOTTIS.

Top Publications

  1. Raksakietisak M, Chongkolwatana C. Acute epiglottitis: a report of the two different methods of airway management in adults. J Med Assoc Thai. 2006;89:2138-41 pubmed
    The authors present two cases of acute epiglottitis with upper airway obstruction that urgently needed artificial airways. In case 1, a 55-year-old woman with DM presented with severe upper airway obstruction and sepsis...
  2. Imataka G, Mitsui M, Mitsui N, Hirabayashi H, Yamanouchi H, Eguchi M. Down syndrome with acute epiglottitis. Pediatr Int. 2005;47:333-5 pubmed
  3. O Bier A, Muñiz A, Foster R. Hereditary angioedema presenting as epiglottitis. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2005;21:27-30 pubmed
    ..A case is presented of a child presenting with epiglottitis requiring intubation...
  4. Chan K, Pang Y, Tan K. Acute epiglottitis in the tropics: is it an adult disease?. J Laryngol Otol. 2001;115:715-8 pubmed
    Acute epiglottitis has traditionally been described as a paediatric disease in reports from temperate countries. There have been very few reports from tropical countries...
  5. Tibballs J, Watson T. Symptoms and signs differentiating croup and epiglottitis. J Paediatr Child Health. 2011;47:77-82 pubmed publisher
    To determine differentiating symptoms and signs of epiglottitis and laryngotracheobronchitis (croup).
  6. Ehara H. Tenderness over the hyoid bone can indicate epiglottitis in adults. J Am Board Fam Med. 2006;19:517-20 pubmed
    Adult acute epiglottitis is a rare but life-threatening disease caused by obstruction of the airway. The symptoms and signs of this disease may be nonspecific without apparent airway compromise...
  7. Wong E, Berkowitz R. Acute epiglottitis in adults: the Royal Melbourne Hospital experience. ANZ J Surg. 2001;71:740-3 pubmed
    To examine the common presentations and management of acute epiglottitis in adults.
  8. Ng H, Sin L, Li M, Que T, Anandaciva S. Acute epiglottitis in adults: a retrospective review of 106 patients in Hong Kong. Emerg Med J. 2008;25:253-5 pubmed publisher
    Acute epiglottitis in adult is a potentially life-threatening condition that may be underdiagnosed. The present study reports the clinical features, management and patient outcomes in an acute hospital in Hong Kong over a seven-year period...
  9. Briem B, Thorvardsson O, Petersen H. Acute epiglottitis in Iceland 1983-2005. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2009;36:46-52 pubmed publisher
    To describe the changes in the epidemiology of epiglottitis in Iceland from 1983 to 2005.

More Information


  1. Katori H, Tsukuda M. Acute epiglottitis: analysis of factors associated with airway intervention. J Laryngol Otol. 2005;119:967-72 pubmed
    We reviewed acute epiglottitis (AE) and identified factors associated with airway intervention. This report was a retrospective review of patients with AE and compared with factors associated with airway intervention...
  2. Hafidh M, Sheahan P, Keogh I, Walsh R. Acute epiglottitis in adults: a recent experience with 10 cases. J Laryngol Otol. 2006;120:310-3 pubmed
    Our objective was to examine the presentation, clinical course and management of acute epiglottitis in a recent series of adult patients.
  3. Apisarnthanarak A, Pheerapiboon P, Apisarnthanarak P, Kiratisin P, Mundy L. Fulminant epiglottitis with evolution to necrotizing soft tissue infections and fasciitis due to Aeromonas hydrophila. Infection. 2008;36:94-5 pubmed publisher
  4. Mathoera R, Wever P, van Dorsten F, Balter S, de Jager C. Epiglottitis in the adult patient. Neth J Med. 2008;66:373-7 pubmed
    b>Epiglottitis is an acute disease, which was predominantly caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in the pre-vaccination era...
  5. Chalmers C. Necrotising fasciitis complicating Haemophilus influenzae type b epiglottitis in an adult. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:807-9 pubmed publisher
    To present the first reported case of Haemophilus influenzae type b epiglottitis leading to necrotising fasciitis.
  6. Ko D, Chung Y, Park I, Lee H, Park J, You J, et al. Use of bedside sonography for diagnosing acute epiglottitis in the emergency department: a preliminary study. J Ultrasound Med. 2012;31:19-22 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of sonography to identify acute epiglottitis in the emergency department.
  7. Sack J, Brock C. Identifying acute epiglottitis in adults. High degree of awareness, close monitoring are key. Postgrad Med. 2002;112:81-2, 85-6 pubmed
    b>Epiglottitis can be a rapidly fatal condition in adults. Important clues that should raise clinical suspicion include the tripod sign, fever, stridor, sore throat, odynophagia, shortness of breath, and drooling...
  8. Sobol S, Zapata S. Epiglottitis and croup. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008;41:551-66, ix pubmed publisher
    ..b>Epiglottitis has become rare in developed countries with the advent of universal vaccinations against Haemophilus influenzae...
  9. Shah R, Stocks C. Epiglottitis in the United States: national trends, variances, prognosis, and management. Laryngoscope. 2010;120:1256-62 pubmed publisher
    To study national trends, variances, and outcomes in patients admitted with epiglottitis in the United States...
  10. Shah R, Roberson D, Jones D. Epiglottitis in the Hemophilus influenzae type B vaccine era: changing trends. Laryngoscope. 2004;114:557-60 pubmed
    To describe the epidemiology, natural history, and treatment of epiglottitis in the Hemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) vaccine era.
  11. Li S, Chen P, Wu L, Yang Y, Tseng L, Chen K, et al. Bedside ultrasonography as a safe and effective tool to diagnose acute epiglottitis. Am J Emerg Med. 2011;29:359.e1-3 pubmed publisher
    Acute epiglottitis is a true airway emergency in the emergency department (ED). The patient may appear very toxic and rapidly progress to respiratory distress and life-threatening condition...
  12. Berger G, Landau T, Berger S, Finkelstein Y, Bernheim J, Ophir D. The rising incidence of adult acute epiglottitis and epiglottic abscess. Am J Otolaryngol. 2003;24:374-83 pubmed
    To examine preliminary observations that the incidence of adult acute epiglottitis has risen between 1986 and 2000.
  13. O Brien W, Lattin G. "My airway is closing". J Fam Pract. 2005;54:423-5 pubmed
  14. Monteiro M, Thompson S. Lemierre's syndrome: a forgotten disease. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;46:324 pubmed publisher
  15. Tan T. Update on pneumococcal infections of the respiratory tract. Semin Respir Infect. 2002;17:3-9 pubmed
    ..Widespread implementation of this vaccine in the childhood population may have a significant impact on the amount of systemic disease seen with this organism. ..
  16. Laks M, Rotblat M. Mortality among patients admitted to hospitals on weekends as compared with weekdays. N Engl J Med. 2002;346:1500-1; author reply 1500-1 pubmed
  17. van Vugt R, van Leeuwen H, Tjan D, van Zanten A. Negative pressure pulmonary oedema. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2007;24:1057-8 pubmed
  18. McEwan J, Giridharan W, Clarke R, Shears P. Paediatric acute epiglottitis: not a disappearing entity. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2003;67:317-21 pubmed
    Paediatric epiglottitis is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition...
  19. Harvey M, Quagliotto G, Milne N. Fatal epiglottic abscess after radiotherapy for laryngeal carcinoma. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2012;33:297-9 pubmed publisher
    Acute epiglottitis is a rare condition, especially in adults, largely owing to the widespread vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae. Traumatic epiglottitis as a result of thermal or caustic insults is documented...
  20. Reilly B, Reddy S, Verghese S. Acute epiglottitis in the era of post-Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB) vaccine. J Anesth. 2013;27:316-7 pubmed publisher
  21. Musharrafieh U, Araj G, Fuleihan N. Viral supraglottitis in an adult: a case presentation and literature update. J Infect. 1999;39:157-60 pubmed
    Viral epiglottitis (supraglottitis) is a rare entity but its presentation can mimic that of bacterial epiglottis. Regardless of the causative agent, supraglottitis is a serious disease mostly affecting children and rarely seen in adults...
  22. Carmel Neiderman N, Kaplan I, Oestreicher Kedem Y. Epiglottitis as the Presenting Sign of Mucous Membranous Pemphigoid: A Case Report. J Voice. 2018;32:101-103 pubmed publisher
    ..workup to diagnosis, and differential diagnosis of an isolated epiglottic process in an elderly female who presented with isolated, long-standing, nonresolving epiglottitis, later diagnosed as MMP with epiglottal and oral involvement.
  23. Ghirga G, Ghirga P, Palazzi C, Pipere M, Colaiacomo M. Bag-mask ventilation as a temporizing measure in acute infectious upper-airway obstruction: does it really work?. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2001;17:444-6 pubmed
    ..Case 1 is a 4-year-old patient with epiglottitis who suffered complete obstruction during transport to the hospital...
  24. Chandler D, Connor M, Breen D. Hib epiglottitis despite fully vaccinated status. Br J Gen Pract. 2009;59:597-8 pubmed publisher
    ..report describes one such case in a previously healthy 4-year-old girl, who became severely unwell with Hib epiglottitis. She had received a full course of Hib vaccine administered via the buttocks...
  25. Guardiani E, Bliss M, Harley E. Supraglottitis in the era following widespread immunization against Haemophilus influenzae type B: evolving principles in diagnosis and management. Laryngoscope. 2010;120:2183-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Retrospective review. Patients with the discharge diagnosis of acute epiglottitis or supraglottitis from two tertiary hospitals from 1995 to 2005 were identified...
  26. Tateya I, Fujiki N, Kurata K, Hasegawa S, Kojima H. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis following acute epiglottitis: a case report. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2003;260:128-30 pubmed
    ..DNM following acute epiglottitis is quite rare, with only one case reported...
  27. Negroni R, Arechavala A, López Daneri G. [Clinical cases in Medical Mycology. Case No. 14]. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2005;22:60-1 pubmed
  28. Isakson M, Hugosson S. Acute epiglottitis: epidemiology and Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype distribution in adults. J Laryngol Otol. 2011;125:390-3 pubmed publisher
    We studied the incidence and bacterial epidemiology of acute epiglottitis presenting in the first 16 years following the introduction of general childhood vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae type b...
  29. Klein T, Parkins D, Gandhi S, Iqbal Z, Schmeling W, Pagel P. [Pseudomembranous supraglottitis with airway compromise in a patient with recurrent tonsillar carcinoma]. Can J Anaesth. 2008;55:42-6 pubmed publisher
  30. Al Qudah M, Shetty S, Alomari M, Alqdah M. Acute adult supraglottitis: current management and treatment. South Med J. 2010;103:800-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Laboratory tests are usually not helpful in picking up the diagnosis. Following diagnosis, patients should be hospitalized, started on intravenous antibiotics and their airway closely monitored, as airway obstruction may develop. ..
  31. Templier F, Lentz T, Tazarourte K, Coninx P, Fletcher D. [Benefit of pharmaceutical anti-oedematous treatment in acute adult epiglottitis]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2004;23:1003-6 pubmed
    Acute adult epiglottitis is a potentially life threatening infectious and respiratory emergency as it may result in airway obstruction...
  32. Wick F, Ballmer P, Haller A. Acute epiglottis in adults. Swiss Med Wkly. 2002;132:541-7 pubmed
    Acute epiglottitis can be a serious life-threatening disease because of its potential for sudden upper airway obstruction. It is a well-recognised entity in children but it is uncommon in adults and therefore is often misdiagnosed...
  33. Mohabir A. Case of the month. Supraglottitis. JAAPA. 2007;20:70 pubmed
  34. Ozanne A, Marsot Dupuch K, Ducreux D, Meyer B, Lasjaunias P. Acute epiglottitis: MRI. Neuroradiology. 2004;46:153-5 pubmed
    We report the MRI findings in an adult with epiglottitis. There was thickening of the epiglottis and left aryepiglottic fold...
  35. Rogers D, Sie K, Manning S. Epiglottitis due to nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae in a vaccinated child. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;74:218-20 pubmed publisher
    Once a prevalent disease, acute epiglottitis in children has become a rare entity. The introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine has had a dramatic impact on the number of invasive infections caused by this organism...
  36. McVernon J, Johnson P, Pollard A, Slack M, Moxon E. Immunologic memory in Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine failure. Arch Dis Child. 2003;88:379-83 pubmed
    ..Although a majority of children in the UK are protected from Hib disease by immunisation, the relative roles of immunologic memory and other immune mechanisms in conferring protection remain unclear. ..
  37. Leboulanger N, Garabedian E. Airway management in pediatric head and neck infections. Infect Disord Drug Targets. 2012;12:256-60 pubmed
    ..Each time the airway of a child may be compromised, the pediatrician and otolaryngologist have to be prepared for the worst-case scenario: anticipation is essential and allows avoidance of serious troubles. ..
  38. Seven H, Topuz E, Turgut S. Isolated laryngeal lymphangioma showing the symptoms of acute epiglottitis. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2004;261:548-50 pubmed
    ..A 37-year-old female patient presented with characteristic symptoms of acute epiglottitis. After her acute symptoms resolved with medical treatment, endoscopy was performed, and a wide, pedunculated ..
  39. Williams S. A sore throat in a dialysis patient. Anaesthesia. 2003;58:285 pubmed
  40. Richardson D, Helderman T, Lovett P, Lovett P. Meningococcal epiglottitis in a diabetic adult patient: a case report. J Emerg Med. 2012;43:634-6 pubmed publisher
    After deployment of the Haemophilus influenzae vaccination, the range of pathogens causing acute epiglottitis has changed, as has the epidemiology from a primarily pediatric syndrome towards more frequent adult onset...
  41. Morton N, Barr G. Stridor in an adult. An unusual presentation of functional origin. Anaesthesia. 1989;44:232-4 pubmed
    ..history of a influenza-like illness and signs of bronchopneumonia presented with many of the features of acute epiglottitis, a condition which still carries a high mortality in adults...
  42. Shahbaaz M, Ahmad F, Imtaiyaz Hassan M. Structure-based functional annotation of putative conserved proteins having lyase activity from Haemophilus influenzae. 3 Biotech. 2015;5:317-336 pubmed publisher
    ..Gram-negative bacteria which causes several chronic diseases, including bacteremia, meningitis, cellulitis, epiglottitis, septic arthritis, pneumonia, and empyema. Here we extensively analyzed the sequenced genome of H...
  43. WRIGHT J, Thomsen M, Kolodziejczyk R, Ridley J, Sinclair J, Carrington G, et al. The crystal structure of PD1, a Haemophilus surface fibril domain. Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun. 2017;73:101-108 pubmed publisher
    ..mediate adhesion between pathogen and host, allowing the establishment of potentially deadly diseases such as epiglottitis, meningitis and pneumonia...
  44. Sivakumar S, Latifi S. Varicella with stridor: think group A streptococcal epiglottitis. J Paediatr Child Health. 2008;44:149-51 pubmed publisher
    Bacterial superinfection complicating varicella is not uncommon, but airway complications are rare. We report a case of varicella in a 2-year-old boy complicated by life-threatening stridor secondary to group A streptococcal epiglottitis.
  45. Westerhuis B, Bietz M, Lindemann J. Acute epiglottitis in adults: an under-recognized and life-threatening condition. S D Med. 2013;66:309-11, 313 pubmed
    b>Epiglottitis is a potentially life-threatening condition resulting from infection of the epiglottis and surrounding structures, causing classical signs and symptoms related to inflammation and progressive airway obstruction...
  46. Cordero Matía E, de Dios Alcántara Bellón J, Caballero Granado J, De la Torre Lima J, Girón González J, Lama Herrera C, et al. [Clinical and therapeutic management of respiratory tract infections. Consensus document of the Andalusian Infectious Diseases Society and the Andalusian Family and Community Medicine Society]. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2007;25:253-62 pubmed
    ..been: a) pharyngitis; b) sinusitis; c) acute otitis media and otitis externa; d) acute bronchitis, laryngitis, epiglottitis; e) acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis; and f) respiratory infectious in patients with bronchiectasis...
  47. Hindy J, Novoa R, Slovik Y, Puterman M, Joshua B. Epiglottic abscess as a complication of acute epiglottitis. Am J Otolaryngol. 2013;34:362-5 pubmed publisher
    ..An epiglottic abscess is considered a life-threatening medical situation that can cause death by obstruction the upper airways. We describe a 58-year-old man who presented to our hospital with sore throat, dysphagia and dysphonia...
  48. Bektas F, Soyuncu S, Yigit O, Turhan M. Sonographic diagnosis of epiglottal enlargement. Emerg Med J. 2010;27:224-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Ultrasonography may be used in unstable patients for diagnosing epiglottitis because it is cheap, rapid, non-invasive and does not aggravate the patient's symptoms.
  49. Garner D, Weston V. Effectiveness of vaccination for Haemophilus influenzae type b. Lancet. 2003;361:395-6 pubmed
  50. Nickas B. A 60-year-old man with stridor, drooling, and "tripoding" following a nasal polypectomy. J Emerg Nurs. 2005;31:234-5; quiz 321 pubmed
  51. Kline A. Pinpointing the cause of pediatric respiratory distress. Nursing. 2003;33:58-63 pubmed
  52. Vigil K, Mulanovich V, Chemaly R, Tarrand J, Raad I, Adachi J. Severe parainfluenza virus type 2 supraglottitis in an immunocompetent adult host: an unusual cause of a paramyxoviridae viral infection. J Intern Med. 2009;265:397-400 pubmed publisher
    ..We report - to our knowledge - the first case of a nonimmunocompromised adult patient with human parainfluenza type 2 supraglottitis immediately after returning from China...
  53. Infernuso T, Watts A, Ducharme N. Septic epiglottic chondritis with abscessation in 2 young Thoroughbred racehorses. Can Vet J. 2006;47:1007-10 pubmed
    ..Surgery for the DDSP using bilateral partial sternothyroidectomy or laryngeal tie-forward failed...
  54. Kanra G. Experience with ampicillin/sulbactam in severe infections. J Int Med Res. 2002;30 Suppl 1:20A-30A pubmed
    ..periorbital infections (which, left untreated, can lead to blindness, brain abscess, or death), acute epiglottitis, bacterial meningitis, and brain abscess...
  55. Jayaraman G, Ramshesh P, Padmanabhan K, Zaman M. Pneumococcal bacteremia with retropharyngeal soft-tissue inflammation and acute epiglottitis. Ear Nose Throat J. 2003;82:728-30 pubmed
    Pneumococcal bacteremia secondary to acute epiglottitis is relatively rare, and all previously reported cases occurred in immunocompromised patients...
  56. Cocks H, Johnson I. Acute epiglottitis: a presentation of haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. J Laryngol Otol. 2001;115:819-20 pubmed
    The incidence of acute epiglottitis in children has declined with the introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae b vaccine in 1992. We report a case of acute epiglottitis in a child secondary to an immunocompromised state...
  57. Lee S, Schwartz R, Bahadori R. Retropharyngeal abscess: epiglottitis of the new millennium. J Pediatr. 2001;138:435-7 pubmed
    From 1993 through 1999, 26 children with retropharyngeal abscess and 2 children with acute epiglottitis were cared for by pediatric otolaryngologists in northern Virginia...
  58. Lelonturier P. [Acute infections in the child]. Presse Med. 2004;33:500 pubmed
  59. Chang Y, Lo S, Wang P, Shu Y. Adult acute epiglottitis: experiences in a Taiwanese setting. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;132:689-93 pubmed
    Acute epiglottitis is a potentially disastrous disease seen occasionally in otolaryngology emergency service. This study reports our experiences in managing adult patients with acute epiglottitis in a Taiwanese setting.
  60. Meng M, Huang W, Qiu J, Jiang H, Lu L. [Dyspnea analyse and treatment to adult acute epiglottitis]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2002;16:270-1 pubmed
    To discuss the estimation and treatment of adult acute epiglottitis dyspnea.
  61. Kunitz O, Di Martino E, Schulz Stubner S. [Epiglottic abscess as a rare reason for airway obstruction in adults]. Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 2002;37:697-700 pubmed
    Acute epiglottitis in adults is a potentially life-threatening disease of increasing incidence...
  62. Lee C, Coatsworth A. Haemophilus influenzae type b epiglottitis. Occasional cases will present. BMJ. 2003;326:284; author reply 284 pubmed
  63. Cheung C, Man S, Graham C, Mak P, Cheung P, Chan B, et al. Adult epiglottitis: 6 years experience in a university teaching hospital in Hong Kong. Eur J Emerg Med. 2009;16:221-6 pubmed publisher
    Adult epiglottitis is a relatively rare but potentially lethal disease. It seems to be increasing in incidence in other countries...
  64. Nentwich L, Ulrich A. High-risk chief complaints II: disorders of the head and neck. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2009;27:713-46, x pubmed publisher
    ..These complaints include headache, seizure, acute focal neurologic deficits, throat and neck pain, ocular emergencies, and the difficult airway...
  65. Kavanagh K, Batti J. Traumatic epiglottitis after foreign body ingestion. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;72:901-3 pubmed publisher
    b>Epiglottitis is a rare but life-threatening emergency. The etiology of epiglottitis may be infectious or, less commonly, non-infectious...
  66. Ito K, Chitose H, Koganemaru M. Four cases of acute epiglottitis with a peritonsillar abscess. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2011;38:284-8 pubmed publisher
    We report four cases of acute epiglottitis with a peritonsillar abscess originating from the inferior pole of the palatine tonsil. All cases were male, and presented with acute onset of sore throat and dysphagia...
  67. Sato S, Kuratomi Y, Inokuchi A. Pathological characteristics of the epiglottis relevant to acute epiglottitis. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2012;39:507-11 pubmed publisher
    The characteristic swelling of acute epiglottitis is thought to be caused by histological factors in the epiglottis. We investigated the relationships between histological findings and the pathology of acute epiglottitis.
  68. Asrar L, Oyetunji N, Raza S, Zeyaulhaque I. Foreign body in the vallecula presenting as acute epiglottitis with unilateral supraglottitis. Saudi Med J. 2005;26:1449-52 pubmed
    ..Upper airway obstruction is potentially a life threatening sequela. We present a unique case of acute epiglottitis with unilateral supraglottitis secondary to foreign body in the vallecula, which gradually improved after ..
  69. García A, Martín A, De Luna Gijón C, Martín Anaya A, Mondéjar A. Leech in the epiglottis: an unusual discovery in our times. Am J Otolaryngol. 2002;23:91-2 pubmed
  70. Pino Rivero V, Pantoja Hernandez C, Gonzalez Palomino A, Mora Santos M, Pardo Romero G, Blasco Huelva A. [Sudden cardiorespiratory arrest in adults with acute epiglottitis. Report of 2 cases]. An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am. 2007;34:1-8 pubmed
    We report two adult cases of sudden cardiorespiratory arrest because an acute epiglottitis that ocurred in our hospital...
  71. Isakson M, Hugosson S. [Acute epiglottitis now affecting adults is mostly caused by pneumococci. Important to observe the incidence when considering future vaccination strategy]. Lakartidningen. 2007;104:3531-3 pubmed
  72. Lee S, Yun S, Kim D, Jo H, Ryu S. Do we need a change in ED diagnostic strategy for adult acute epiglottitis?. Am J Emerg Med. 2017;35:1519-1524 pubmed publisher
    ..the diagnostic performance of qualitative and quantitative radiographic parameters for diagnosing adult acute epiglottitis, and identify the prevalence and risk factors of false-negative neck radiography-based diagnosis of acute ..
  73. Acevedo J, Lander L, Choi S, Shah R. Airway management in pediatric epiglottitis: a national perspective. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;140:548-51 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to describe current demographics and resource utilization in the treatment of pediatric epiglottitis.
  74. Alho O, Jokinen K, Pirilä T, Ilo A, Koivunen P. Acute epiglottitis in northern Finland today--still a potential emergency situation. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1999;58:226-33 pubmed
    To examine patient characteristics related to airway intervention in acute epiglottitis and how the intervention affected the further course of the disease, 46 pediatric and 49 adult cases were retrospectively evaluated...
  75. Pöyhönen M, Bizaki A, Rautiainen M. [Supraglottitis in adults at a single center experience 1989-2009]. Duodecim. 2013;129:1598-603 pubmed
    Acute epiglottitis in children has almost vanished since the start of Hib vaccinations. Supraglottitis often develops in adults more slowly than in children...
  76. Aranjo C. Uvulitis. Aust Fam Physician. 2007;36:296 pubmed
  77. Chan T. The patient with sore throat. Med Clin North Am. 2010;94:923-43 pubmed publisher
    ..A sore throat is most commonly caused by an infectious, inflammatory, or neoplastic etiologic factor...
  78. Chiocca E. Action stat. Epiglottitis. Nursing. 2006;36:88 pubmed
  79. Lilot M, Petitjeans F, Wey P, Eve O, Puidupin M. [Acute obstructive epiglottitis in intensive care unit: which airway management strategy?]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2010;29:247-50 pubmed publisher
    Acute epiglottitis is an infection of supraglottic structures, with a high risk of life-threatening respiratory obstruction...
  80. McVernon J, Slack M, Ramsay M. Changes in the epidemiology of epiglottitis following introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines in England: a comparison of two data sources. Epidemiol Infect. 2006;134:570-2 pubmed
    Paediatric cases of epiglottitis declined markedly in England following the introduction of safe effective immunization against Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)...
  81. Baines P, Sarginson R. Upper airway obstruction. Hosp Med. 2004;65:108-11 pubmed
  82. Gamarra F, Huber R. [Infections of the respiratory tract--diagnosis and therapy]. MMW Fortschr Med. 2008;150:27-30 pubmed
  83. Chang C, Awerbuch E, Gulliver S, Gonzalez E, Sharp V. Epiglottic abscess in an HIV-positive patient. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2009;23:495-7 pubmed publisher
    Coalescence of infection of the epiglottis, or epiglottic abscess, is a rare manifestation of epiglottitis. We report the case of a 49-year-old Hispanic man with HIV (CD4 count 243 [16...
  84. Beattie S. Bedside emergency. Respiratory distress. 2. RN. 2007;70:34-8; quiz 39 pubmed