bronchitis

Summary

Summary: Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.

Top Publications

  1. Racz J, Mane G, Ford M, Schmidt L, Myers J, Standiford T, et al. Immunophenotyping and protein profiling of Fontan-associated plastic bronchitis airway casts. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2013;10:98-107 pubmed publisher
    Plastic bronchitis (PB) is a rare and deadly condition that is characterized by the formation of airway casts...
  2. Gonzales R, Anderer T, McCulloch C, Maselli J, Bloom F, Graf T, et al. A cluster randomized trial of decision support strategies for reducing antibiotic use in acute bronchitis. JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173:267-73 pubmed publisher
    National quality indicators show little change in the overuse of antibiotics for uncomplicated acute bronchitis. We compared the effect of 2 decision support strategies on antibiotic treatment of uncomplicated acute bronchitis...
  3. Hwang B, Lee Y. Air pollution and prevalence of bronchitic symptoms among children in Taiwan. Chest. 2010;138:956-64 pubmed publisher
    ..32 per 8.77 ppb; 95% CI, 1.06-1.63). The results suggest that long-term exposure to outdoor air pollutants, such as NO(2), CO, and O(3), may increase the prevalence of bronchitic symptoms among children. ..
  4. Deng J, Zheng Y, Li C, Ma Z, Wang H, Rubin B. Plastic bronchitis in three children associated with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus infection. Chest. 2010;138:1486-8 pubmed publisher
    Plastic bronchitis is an uncommon disorder generally associated with congenital heart disease or sickle cell acute chest syndrome...
  5. Tsai C, Huang J, Hwang B, Lee Y. Household environmental tobacco smoke and risks of asthma, wheeze and bronchitic symptoms among children in Taiwan. Respir Res. 2010;11:11 pubmed publisher
    ..associated with increased prevalence of active asthma, ever wheeze, wheeze with nighttime awakening, and bronchitis. Maternal smoking was associated with the increased prevalence of a wide range of wheeze subcategories, serious ..
  6. Chen L, Lai K, Xie J, Zhong N. Establishment of airway eosinophilic bronchitis mouse model without hyperresponsiveness by ovalbumin. Clin Exp Med. 2011;11:19-24 pubmed publisher
    Eosinophilic bronchitis (EB) is a useful tool for studying airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), but an exact EB animal model is lacking. Our objective was to establish an EB mouse model using ovalbumin (OVA)...
  7. Brightling C. Eosinophils, bronchitis and asthma: pathogenesis of cough and airflow obstruction. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2011;24:324-7 pubmed publisher
    ..airway inflammation is commonly observed in chronic cough in patients with asthma and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis. Indeed asthma and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis are amongst the commonest causes of chronic cough ..
  8. Heath L, Ling S, Racz J, Mane G, Schmidt L, Myers J, et al. Prospective, longitudinal study of plastic bronchitis cast pathology and responsiveness to tissue plasminogen activator. Pediatr Cardiol. 2011;32:1182-9 pubmed publisher
    Plastic bronchitis (PB) is a rare disease that often occurs in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) who have undergone staged single-ventricle palliation...
  9. Greenland J, Jones K, Hays S, Golden J, Urisman A, Jewell N, et al. Association of large-airway lymphocytic bronchitis with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013;187:417-23 pubmed publisher
    ..We evaluated lymphocytic bronchitis on endobronchial biopsies as a risk factor for BOS and mortality...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Ge J, Wang T, Zhao B, Lv X, Jin Y, Peng L, et al. Anti-inflammatory effect of triterpenoic Acids of Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. Leaf on rat model of chronic bronchitis. Am J Chin Med. 2009;37:309-21 pubmed
    ..Lindl. (TAL) on chronic bronchitis (CB) in rats...
  2. Priftis K, Litt D, Manglani S, Anthracopoulos M, Thickett K, Tzanakaki G, et al. Bacterial bronchitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and nontypable Haemophilus influenzae in children: the impact of vaccination. Chest. 2013;143:152-157 pubmed publisher
    Protracted bacterial bronchitis is a major cause of persistent cough in childhood. The organisms most commonly isolated are nontypable Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae ...
  3. Dennis Shanks G, Mackenzie A, Waller M, Brundage J. Relationship between "purulent bronchitis" in military populations in Europe prior to 1918 and the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2012;6:235-9 pubmed publisher
    Purulent bronchitis was a distinctive and apparently new lethal respiratory infection in British and American soldiers during the First World War...
  4. Parikh K, Witte M, Samson R, Teodori M, Carpenter J, Lowe M, et al. Successful treatment of plastic bronchitis with low fat diet and subsequent thoracic duct ligation in child with fontan physiology. Lymphology. 2012;45:47-52 pubmed
    Plastic bronchitis is a rare condition characterized by the formation and expectoration of long, branching bronchial casts that develop in the tracheobronchial tree and cause airway obstruction...
  5. Gibb E, Blount R, Lewis N, Nielson D, Church G, Jones K, et al. Management of plastic bronchitis with topical tissue-type plasminogen activator. Pediatrics. 2012;130:e446-50 pubmed publisher
    Plastic bronchitis or cast bronchitis is a rare disease of unclear etiology characterized by formation of airway casts that can lead to life-threatening airway obstruction...
  6. Shiley K, Van Deerlin V, Miller W. Chest CT features of community-acquired respiratory viral infections in adult inpatients with lower respiratory tract infections. J Thorac Imaging. 2010;25:68-75 pubmed publisher
    ..patterns of the disease were seen with viral infection: (1) limited infection with normal imaging (21%), (2) bronchitis/bronchiolitis characterized by bronchial wall thickening and tree-in bud opacities (31%), and (3) pneumonia ..
  7. Sun D, Yang Y, Wang B. [Plastic bronchitis associated with severe influenza A (H1N1) in children: a case report and review of the literature]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2010;33:837-9 pubmed
    to improve understanding of the pathological and clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of plastic bronchitis associate with influenza A (H1N1)...
  8. Roth S, Gonzales R, Harding Anderer T, Bloom F, Graf T, Stahl M, et al. Unintended consequences of a quality measure for acute bronchitis. Am J Manag Care. 2012;18:e217-24 pubmed
    ..Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measure on avoidance of antibiotics for the treatment of adults with acute bronchitis (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code 466.0)...
  9. Pala G, Pignatti P, Moscato G. Occupational exposure to toluene diisocyanate and neutrophilic bronchitis without asthma. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2011;49:506-7 pubmed publisher
    ..One case of non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis due to methylene diphenil isocyanates has been reported, but a similar condition in the instance of neutrophilic ..
  10. Litvin C, Ornstein S, Wessell A, Nemeth L, Nietert P. Use of an electronic health record clinical decision support tool to improve antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections: the ABX-TRIP study. J Gen Intern Med. 2013;28:810-6 pubmed publisher
    ..2) Use of broad spectrum antibiotics when inappropriate. 3) Use of antibiotics for sinusitis and bronchitis. The CDSS was used 38,592 times during the 27-month intervention; its use was sustained for the study duration...
  11. D Silva L, Hassan N, Wang H, Kjarsgaard M, Efthimiadis A, Hargreave F, et al. Heterogeneity of bronchitis in airway diseases in tertiary care clinical practice. Can Respir J. 2011;18:144-8 pubmed
    Sputum cell counts have identified inflammatory subtypes of bronchitis in relatively small numbers of subjects with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic cough in research studies...
  12. Dallas J, Skrupky L, Abebe N, Boyle W, Kollef M. Ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis in a mixed surgical and medical ICU population. Chest. 2011;139:513-518 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to further characterize VAT in terms of incidence, etiology, and impact on patient outcomes...
  13. Oliveira P, Menezes A, Bertoldi A, Wehrmeister F. Inhaler use in adolescents and adults with self-reported physician-diagnosed asthma, bronchitis, or emphysema in the city of Pelotas, Brazil. J Bras Pneumol. 2013;39:287-95 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the characteristics of users of inhalers and the prevalence of inhaler use among adolescents and adults with self-reported physician-diagnosed asthma, bronchitis, or emphysema.
  14. Terano C, Miura M, Fukuzawa R, Saito Y, Arai H, Sasaki M, et al. Three children with plastic bronchitis associated with 2009 H1N1 influenza virus infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2011;30:80-2 pubmed publisher
    We report the cases of 3 children with plastic bronchitis associated with 2009 H1N1 influenza virus infection...
  15. Brightling C. Cough due to asthma and nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis. Lung. 2010;188 Suppl 1:S13-7 pubmed publisher
    Asthma and nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis are among the most common causes of chronic cough, accounting for about 25 and 10% of cases, respectively...
  16. Zahorec M, Kovacikova L, Martanovic P, Skrak P, Kunovsky P. The use of high-frequency jet ventilation for removal of obstructing casts in patients with plastic bronchitis. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2009;10:e34-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Case report. Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit. Two patients with plastic bronchitis during prolonged stay in a intensive care unit after a Fontan-type operation. Short periods of HFJV...
  17. Llor C, Moragas A, Bayona C, Morros R, Pera H, Cots J, et al. Effectiveness of anti-inflammatory treatment versus antibiotic therapy and placebo for patients with non-complicated acute bronchitis with purulent sputum. The BAAP Study protocol. BMC Pulm Med. 2011;11:38 pubmed publisher
    Acute bronchitis is one of the most prevalent respiratory infections in primary care, and in more than 90% of the cases antibiotics are prescribed, mainly when purulent expectoration is present...
  18. Sastre B, del Pozo V. Role of PGE2 in asthma and nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis. Mediators Inflamm. 2012;2012:645383 pubmed publisher
    Eosinophilic bronchitis is a common cause of chronic cough, which like asthma is characterized by sputum eosinophilia, but unlike asthma there is no variable airflow obstruction or airway hyperresponsiveness...
  19. Nawa T, Yokozawa M, Takamuro M, Kasuga A. Plastic bronchitis developing 5 years after Fontan procedure in a girl with Kartagener's syndrome. Pediatr Cardiol. 2012;33:846-9 pubmed publisher
    Although rare, plastic bronchitis (PB) is an important early complication after Fontan procedure...
  20. Cajaiba M, Borralho P, Reyes Mugica M. The potentially lethal nature of bronchial casts: plastic bronchitis. Int J Surg Pathol. 2008;16:230-2 pubmed publisher
    The gross and microscopic findings from 2 fatal cases of plastic bronchitis (PB) in children, a rare entity characterized by the formation of large mucous casts in the bronchial tree, are presented...
  21. Chang A, Redding G, Everard M. Chronic wet cough: Protracted bronchitis, chronic suppurative lung disease and bronchiectasis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008;43:519-31 pubmed publisher
    ..current perspective of inter-related endobronchial infections causing chronic wet cough; persistent bacterial bronchitis (PBB), chronic suppurative lung disease (CSLD) and bronchiectasis...
  22. Sastre B, Fernandez Nieto M, Molla R, Lopez E, Lahoz C, Sastre J, et al. Increased prostaglandin E2 levels in the airway of patients with eosinophilic bronchitis. Allergy. 2008;63:58-66 pubmed
    Eosinophilic bronchitis is a common cause of chronic cough, which like asthma is characterized by sputum eosinophilia, but unlike asthma there is no variable airflow obstruction or airway hyperresponsiveness...
  23. Rovina N, Papapetropoulos A, Kollintza A, Michailidou M, Simoes D, Roussos C, et al. Vascular endothelial growth factor: an angiogenic factor reflecting airway inflammation in healthy smokers and in patients with bronchitis type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?. Respir Res. 2007;8:53 pubmed
    Patients with bronchitis type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have raised vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in induced sputum...
  24. Wang G, Wang Y, Luo F, Wang L, Jiang L, Wang L, et al. Effective use of corticosteroids in treatment of plastic bronchitis with hemoptysis in Chinese adults. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2006;27:1206-12 pubmed
    To investigate whether corticosteroids are effective in the treatment of plastic bronchitis with hemoptysis. A retrospective, clinical study was undertaken...
  25. Do T, Chu J, Berdjis F, Anas N. Fontan patient with plastic bronchitis treated successfully using aerosolized tissue plasminogen activator: a case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Cardiol. 2009;30:352-5 pubmed publisher
    Plastic bronchitis is an uncommon condition characterized by the production of large pale bronchial casts that obstruct the tracheobronchial tree...
  26. Hoppin J, Valcin M, Henneberger P, Kullman G, Umbach D, London S, et al. Pesticide use and chronic bronchitis among farmers in the Agricultural Health Study. Am J Ind Med. 2007;50:969-79 pubmed
    Farmers have increased risk for chronic bronchitis. Few investigators have considered pesticides...
  27. Kemmerich B, Eberhardt R, Stammer H. Efficacy and tolerability of a fluid extract combination of thyme herb and ivy leaves and matched placebo in adults suffering from acute bronchitis with productive cough. A prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Arzneimittelforschung. 2006;56:652-60 pubmed
    ..combination of thyme and ivy leaves (thyme-ivy combination) and matched placebo in patients suffering from acute bronchitis with productive cough...
  28. Gasiorowska J, Czerwionka Szaflarska M, Gruszka M, Swincow G, Odrowaz Sypniewska G. [Analysis of eosinophilic cationic protein levels in infants and children with wheezy bronchitis]. Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2007;22:134-9 pubmed
    Wheezy bronchitis can be the first sign of bronchial asthma thus wheezy bronchitis is under special supervision and its etiologic factors are especially analyzed among infants and young children...
  29. Truyen E, Coteur L, Dilissen E, Overbergh L, Dupont L, Ceuppens J, et al. Evaluation of airway inflammation by quantitative Th1/Th2 cytokine mRNA measurement in sputum of asthma patients. Thorax. 2006;61:202-8 pubmed
    ..The technique is a promising tool for use in further studies of asthma severity and disease activity. ..
  30. Berry M, Hargadon B, McKenna S, Shaw D, Green R, Brightling C, et al. Observational study of the natural history of eosinophilic bronchitis. Clin Exp Allergy. 2005;35:598-601 pubmed
    Eosinophilic bronchitis is an important cause of chronic cough. Treatment with inhaled corticosteroids is associated with a short-term improvement in cough and reduced sputum eosinophil count but the long-term outcome is uncertain...
  31. Nduba V, Mwachari C, Magaret A, Park D, Kigo A, Hooton T, et al. Placebo found equivalent to amoxicillin for treatment of acute bronchitis in Nairobi, Kenya: a triple blind, randomised, equivalence trial. Thorax. 2008;63:999-1005 pubmed publisher
    Antibiotic treatment is not recommended for acute bronchitis in immunocompetent patients in industrialised countries. Whether these recommendations are relevant to the developing world and to immunocompromised patients is unknown...
  32. Shah S, Drinkwater D, Christian K. Plastic bronchitis: is thoracic duct ligation a real surgical option?. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;81:2281-3 pubmed
    Plastic bronchitis is an unusual clinical scenario of unknown cause and occurs in multiple clinical settings...
  33. Matthys H, Heger M. Treatment of acute bronchitis with a liquid herbal drug preparation from Pelargonium sidoides (EPs 7630): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007;23:323-31 pubmed
    ..study was to examine the efficacy and safety of a herbal drug preparation from the roots of Pelargonium sidoides (EPs 7630) in the treatment of acute bronchitis in adults outside the very restricted indication for an antibiotic therapy.
  34. Siddiqui S, Mistry V, Doe C, Roach K, Morgan A, Wardlaw A, et al. Airway hyperresponsiveness is dissociated from airway wall structural remodeling. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;122:335-41, 341.e1-3 pubmed publisher
    Nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (EB) has emerged as a useful tool to study the structural and inflammatory mechanisms of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in asthma...
  35. Chuchalin A, Berman B, Lehmacher W. Treatment of acute bronchitis in adults with a pelargonium sidoides preparation (EPs 7630): a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Explore (NY). 2005;1:437-45 pubmed
    Acute bronchitis is a widespread medical problem, and, although predominantly caused by viruses, antibiotics are still prescribed unnecessarily...
  36. Macfarlane J, Worboys M. The changing management of acute bronchitis in Britain, 1940-1970: the impact of antibiotics. Med Hist. 2008;52:47-72 pubmed
  37. Ingram J, Antao Menezes A, Turpin E, Wallace D, Mangum J, Pluta L, et al. Genomic analysis of human lung fibroblasts exposed to vanadium pentoxide to identify candidate genes for occupational bronchitis. Respir Res. 2007;8:34 pubmed
    Exposure to vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is a cause of occupational bronchitis. We evaluated gene expression profiles in cultured human lung fibroblasts exposed to V2O5 in vitro in order to identify candidate genes that could play a role in ..
  38. Nseir S, Di Pompeo C, Soubrier S, Lenci H, Delour P, Onimus T, et al. Effect of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis on outcome in patients without chronic respiratory failure: a case-control study. Crit Care. 2005;9:R238-45 pubmed
    ..004) were independently associated with duration of mechanical ventilation longer than median. VAT is associated with longer durations of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay in patients not suffering from chronic respiratory failure. ..
  39. Goos K, Albrecht U, Schneider B. [Efficacy and safety profile of a herbal drug containing nasturtium herb and horseradish root in acute sinusitis, acute bronchitis and acute urinary tract infection in comparison with other treatments in the daily practice/results of a prospective co. Arzneimittelforschung. 2006;56:249-57 pubmed
    ..study from 251 centers in Germany patients with age of 4 years or above who were treated due to acute sinusitis, bronchitis or urinary tract infections (UTI) in the period from 1st March 2004 - 30th July 2005, were elected...
  40. Eberlein M, Drummond M, Haponik E. Plastic bronchitis: a management challenge. Am J Med Sci. 2008;335:163-9 pubmed publisher
    Plastic bronchitis is an uncommon and underdiagnosed entity, characterized by recurrent expectoration of large, branching bronchial casts...
  41. Delea T, Hagiwara M, Dalal A, Stanford R, Blanchette C. Healthcare use and costs in patients with chronic bronchitis initiating maintenance therapy with fluticasone/salmeterol vs other inhaled maintenance therapies. Curr Med Res Opin. 2009;25:1-13 pubmed
    ..compare risk of hospitalization or emergency department (ED) visit and healthcare costs in patients with chronic bronchitis initiating inhaled maintenance therapy with fluticasone propionate/salmeterol 250/50 mcg combination (FSC) ..
  42. Pelkonen M, Notkola I, Nissinen A, Tukiainen H, Koskela H. Thirty-year cumulative incidence of chronic bronchitis and COPD in relation to 30-year pulmonary function and 40-year mortality: a follow-up in middle-aged rural men. Chest. 2006;130:1129-37 pubmed
    To describe the 30-year cumulative incidence of chronic bronchitis and COPD in relation to smoking habits. The effect of chronic bronchitis on pulmonary function and mortality was also examined...
  43. Jeffery P. Remodeling and inflammation of bronchi in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2004;1:176-83 pubmed
    ..Moreover, in mild COPD, exacerbations of bronchitis are associated with mucosal eosinophilia and upregulation of RANTES, two features normally associated with ..
  44. Torres A, Valencia M. Does ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis need antibiotic treatment?. Crit Care. 2005;9:255-6 pubmed
    ..We will discuss the strengths and drawbacks of the article on this topic published in this issue by Nseir et al. ..
  45. Pereira G, Müller P, Levin A. Salvage treatment of pneumonia and initial treatment of tracheobronchitis caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli with inhaled polymyxin B. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007;58:235-40 pubmed
    ..This is the largest report using inhaled polymyxin B to treat nosocomial pneumonia by MR-GNB that had failed intravenous polymyxin B. It was also effective alone in P. aeruginosa tracheobronchitis. ..
  46. Matthys H, Heger M. EPs 7630-solution--an effective therapeutic option in acute and exacerbating bronchitis. Phytomedicine. 2007;14 Suppl 6:65-8 pubmed
    Acute bronchitis is one of the most common diagnoses in ambulatory care medicine. Although the benefit of antibiotics for acute bronchitis, which is mostly virally induced, is disputed, they are often prescribed...
  47. Siddiqui S, Sutcliffe A, Shikotra A, Woodman L, Doe C, McKenna S, et al. Vascular remodeling is a feature of asthma and nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007;120:813-9 pubmed
    ..remodeling and sputum VEGF concentration in subjects with asthma, subjects with nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (EB), and healthy controls...
  48. Haseyama K, Satomi G, Yasukochi S, Matsui H, Harada Y, Uchita S. Pulmonary vasodilation therapy with sildenafil citrate in a patient with plastic bronchitis after the Fontan procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006;132:1232-3 pubmed
  49. Burgel P, Montani D, Danel C, Dusser D, Nadel J. A morphometric study of mucins and small airway plugging in cystic fibrosis. Thorax. 2007;62:153-61 pubmed
    ..Mucins contribute to airway plugging. Recruited neutrophils may be involved in mucin secretion in the plugs. Increased expression of EGFR and its ligand suggests roles in mucin synthesis and neutrophil recruitment. ..
  50. Nseir S, Favory R, Jozefowicz E, Decamps F, Dewavrin F, Brunin G, et al. Antimicrobial treatment for ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis: a randomized, controlled, multicenter study. Crit Care. 2008;12:R62 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesized that, in patients with VAT, antibiotic treatment would be associated with reduced duration of mechanical ventilation...
  51. Antova T, Pattenden S, Brunekreef B, Heinrich J, Rudnai P, Forastiere F, et al. Exposure to indoor mould and children's respiratory health in the PATY study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008;62:708-14 pubmed publisher
    ..In this collaboration, researchers from 12 cross-sectional studies pooled their data to assess the effects of air quality on a spectrum of children's respiratory disorders...
  52. Park S, Park J, Lee Y, Lee J, Jang A, Kim D, et al. Differences in radiological/HRCT findings in eosinophilic bronchitis and asthma: implication for bronchial responsiveness. Thorax. 2006;61:41-7 pubmed
    ..Airway responsiveness is normal in patients with eosinophilic bronchitis (EB), despite eosinophilic inflammation of the airways comparable to that which occurs in asthmatics...
  53. Siddiqui S, Gupta S, Cruse G, Haldar P, Entwisle J, McDonald S, et al. Airway wall geometry in asthma and nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis. Allergy. 2009;64:951-8 pubmed publisher
    ..and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) are features of asthma, which are absent in nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (EB)...