endometritis

Summary

Summary: Inflammation of the ENDOMETRIUM, usually caused by intrauterine infections. Endometritis is the most common cause of postpartum fever.

Top Publications

  1. Barlund C, Carruthers T, Waldner C, Palmer C. A comparison of diagnostic techniques for postpartum endometritis in dairy cattle. Theriogenology. 2008;69:714-23 pubmed publisher
    Holstein cows (n=221) from eight commercial dairy herds were examined for endometritis between 28 and 41 days postpartum using 5 diagnostic techniques: (1) vaginoscopy; (2) ultrasonographic assessment of uterine fluid volume; (3) ..
  2. Fischer C, Drillich M, Odau S, Heuwieser W, Einspanier R, Gabler C. Selected pro-inflammatory factor transcripts in bovine endometrial epithelial cells are regulated during the oestrous cycle and elevated in case of subclinical or clinical endometritis. Reprod Fertil Dev. 2010;22:818-29 pubmed publisher
    ..the correlation between inflammatory factors and uterine health (cows with signs of clinical or subclinical endometritis and healthy cows)...
  3. Gautam G, Nakao T, Yusuf M, Koike K. Prevalence of endometritis during the postpartum period and its impact on subsequent reproductive performance in two Japanese dairy herds. Anim Reprod Sci. 2009;116:175-87 pubmed publisher
    The objectives of this study were to ascertain the prevalence of different degrees of endometritis during different periods postpartum, to define 'clinically relevant endometritis', to determine its impact on subsequent reproductive ..
  4. Kasius J, Fatemi H, Bourgain C, Sie Go D, Eijkemans R, Fauser B, et al. The impact of chronic endometritis on reproductive outcome. Fertil Steril. 2011;96:1451-6 pubmed publisher
    To assess the prevalence of chronic endometritis and the impact on the fertility of asymptomatic patients indicated for in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment...
  5. Huzzey J, Veira D, Weary D, von Keyserlingk M. Prepartum behavior and dry matter intake identify dairy cows at risk for metritis. J Dairy Sci. 2007;90:3220-33 pubmed
    ..This research is the first to show that social behavior may play an important role in transition cow health. Research is now required to determine how management should be changed to reduce or prevent illness in transition dairy cows. ..
  6. Adegboyega P, Pei Y, McLarty J. Relationship between eosinophils and chronic endometritis. Hum Pathol. 2010;41:33-7 pubmed publisher
    The histopathologic diagnosis of chronic endometritis is based on the presence of plasma cells in the endometrial stroma...
  7. Donofrio G, Capocefalo A, Franceschi V, Price S, Cavirani S, Sheldon I. The chemokine IL8 is up-regulated in bovine endometrial stromal cells by the BoHV-4 IE2 gene product, ORF50/Rta: a step ahead toward a mechanism for BoHV-4 induced endometritis. Biol Reprod. 2010;83:919-28 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations may represent an endometrial defense mechanism against viral infection or a virulence mechanism by which viral replication stimulates chemokine secretion to attract more susceptible host cells to the endometrium. ..
  8. Santos N, Lamb G, Brown D, Gilbert R. Postpartum endometrial cytology in beef cows. Theriogenology. 2009;71:739-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous twinning increased the risk of subclinical endometritis (P=0.02), but not the probability of becoming pregnant (P=0.14)...
  9. Runciman D, Anderson G, Malmo J. Comparison of two methods of detecting purulent vaginal discharge in postpartum dairy cows and effect of intrauterine cephapirin on reproductive performance. Aust Vet J. 2009;87:369-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Part 2: assess the effect of a single intrauterine infusion of 500 mg cephapirin in cows diagnosed with vaginal purulent or mucopurulent discharge 7 to 28 days after calving on reproductive performance...

More Information

Publications75

  1. Andrews W, Hauth J, Cliver S, Conner M, Goldenberg R, Goepfert A. Association of asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis with endometrial microbial colonization and plasma cell endometritis in nonpregnant women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;195:1611-6 pubmed
    ..vaginosis (BV) is associated with an increased risk of endometrial microbial colonization or plasma cell endometritis in nonpregnant women...
  2. LeBlanc M, Magsig J, Stromberg A. Use of a low-volume uterine flush for diagnosing endometritis in chronically infertile mares. Theriogenology. 2007;68:403-12 pubmed
    Low-volume uterine flush (n=401) was performed in 308 infertile mares to diagnose endometritis. Mares evaluated were either barren after three or more breedings or had two or more unsuccessful embryo recovery attempts during consecutive ..
  3. Yamagishi Y, Mikamo H, Tanaka K, Watanabe K. A case of uterine endometritis caused by Atopobium vaginae. J Infect Chemother. 2011;17:119-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report the case of uterine endometritis caused by A. vaginae.
  4. Foldi J, Kulcsar M, Pécsi A, Huyghe B, De Sa C, Lohuis J, et al. Bacterial complications of postpartum uterine involution in cattle. Anim Reprod Sci. 2006;96:265-81 pubmed
    ..self-defence mechanisms, however, often results in complications, such as puerperal metritis, clinical endometritis, pyometra and subclinical endometritis...
  5. Kitaya K, Yasuo T. Aberrant expression of selectin E, CXCL1, and CXCL13 in chronic endometritis. Mod Pathol. 2010;23:1136-46 pubmed publisher
    Chronic endometritis is often identified in the patients with unexplained infertility, and is histopathologically characterized by infiltration of plasmacytes within the endometrial stroma...
  6. Vicetti Miguel R, Chivukula M, Krishnamurti U, Amortegui A, Kant J, Sweet R, et al. Limitations of the criteria used to diagnose histologic endometritis in epidemiologic pelvic inflammatory disease research. Pathol Res Pract. 2011;207:680-5 pubmed publisher
    While endometrial neutrophils and plasma cells are criteria used to diagnose histologic endometritis in epidemiologic pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) research, plasma cell misidentification and nonspecificity may limit the accuracy of ..
  7. Liu I, Troedsson M. The diagnosis and treatment of endometritis in the mare: yesterday and today. Theriogenology. 2008;70:415-20 pubmed publisher
    Diagnosis and treatment of endometritis in the mare has been controversial and mostly empirical...
  8. Gilmore H, Fleischhacker D, Hecht J. Diagnosis of chronic endometritis in biopsies with stromal breakdown. Hum Pathol. 2007;38:581-4 pubmed
    Plasma cells are the hallmark of chronic endometritis but are not specific for upper tract infection...
  9. Wittrock J, Proudfoot K, Weary D, von Keyserlingk M. Short communication: Metritis affects milk production and cull rate of Holstein multiparous and primiparous dairy cows differently. J Dairy Sci. 2011;94:2408-12 pubmed publisher
    ..No differences were found in any measurement between primiparous cows with and without metritis. These results indicate that metritis in early lactation has long-term effects on multiparous cows but not primiparous cows...
  10. Sheldon I, Rycroft A, Dogan B, Craven M, Bromfield J, Chandler A, et al. Specific strains of Escherichia coli are pathogenic for the endometrium of cattle and cause pelvic inflammatory disease in cattle and mice. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9192 pubmed publisher
    ..Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID; metritis) or endometritis affects approximately 40% of cattle after parturition...
  11. Cicinelli E, Tinelli R, Colafiglio G, Saliani N, Pastore A. Tubercular endometritis: a rare condition reliably detectable with fluid hysteroscopy. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2008;15:752-4 pubmed publisher
    A rare case of tubercular endometritis occurred in a 63-year-old nullipara, postmenopausal woman, who was referred to our institute with vaginal bleeding and hyperechoic endometrial lesions at transvaginal sonography...
  12. Kristensen E, Nielsen D, Jensen L, Vaarst M, Enevoldsen C. A mixed methods inquiry into the validity of data. Acta Vet Scand. 2008;50:30 pubmed publisher
  13. Chapwanya A, Meade K, Doherty M, Callanan J, Mee J, O Farrelly C. Histopathological and molecular evaluation of Holstein-Friesian cows postpartum: toward an improved understanding of uterine innate immunity. Theriogenology. 2009;71:1396-407 pubmed publisher
    ..Understanding the molecular mechanisms contributing to uterine immunity in the early postpartum period may identify candidate genes associated with the resolution of inflammation...
  14. Johnston MacAnanny E, Hartnett J, Engmann L, Nulsen J, Sanders M, Benadiva C. Chronic endometritis is a frequent finding in women with recurrent implantation failure after in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril. 2010;93:437-41 pubmed publisher
    To determine the role of endometrial sampling for identification and treatment of chronic endometritis (CE) in patients undergoing IVF-ET who repeatedly failed to conceive despite the transfer of good-quality embryos.
  15. Hendricks K, Bartolome J, Melendez P, Risco C, Archbald L. Effect of repeated administration of PGF2alpha in the early post partum period on the prevalence of clinical endometritis and probability of pregnancy at first insemination in lactating dairy cows. Theriogenology. 2006;65:1454-64 pubmed
    ..of repeated administration of PGF2alpha in the immediate post partum period on the prevalence of clinical endometritis at 22 and 58 days post partum, and the probability of pregnancy at first insemination, in post partum dairy ..
  16. Rohrbach B, Sheerin P, Cantrell C, Matthews P, Steiner J, Dodds L. Effect of adjunctive treatment with intravenously administered Propionibacterium acnes on reproductive performance in mares with persistent endometritis. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007;231:107-13 pubmed
    To determine whether treatment with a preparation of Propionibacterium acnes would improve pregnancy and live foal rates in mares with persistent endometritis.
  17. Benzaquen M, Risco C, Archbald L, Melendez P, Thatcher M, Thatcher W. Rectal temperature, calving-related factors, and the incidence of puerperal metritis in postpartum dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2007;90:2804-14 pubmed
    ..association among abnormal calving, parity, and season on the incidence of puerperal metritis (PM) and clinical endometritis (CE) during d 3 to 13 and 20 to 30 postpartum, respectively; 2) to describe the rectal temperature (RT) of cows ..
  18. Cheong S, Nydam D, Galvao K, Crosier B, Ricci A, Caixeta L, et al. Use of reagent test strips for diagnosis of endometritis in dairy cows. Theriogenology. 2012;77:858-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Elkart, IN, USA) on uterine lavage samples as a potential cow-side test for the diagnosis of cytologic endometritis. Uterine lavage samples of 563 lactating Holstein cows between 40 and 60 days postpartum from 28 herds were ..
  19. Gilbert R. The effects of endometritis on the establishment of pregnancy in cattle. Reprod Fertil Dev. 2011;24:252-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Endometritis is common in post partum dairy cows and is associated with impaired reproductive performance reflected in reduced first service conception, reduced hazard of pregnancy over the breeding period and increased risk of ..
  20. LeBlanc S. Postpartum uterine disease and dairy herd reproductive performance: a review. Vet J. 2008;176:102-14 pubmed publisher
    This paper reviews the causes, impact, treatment, and prevention of retained placenta (RP), metritis, and endometritis in dairy cows. The occurrence of each of these diseases largely depends on immune function in the transition period...
  21. Kaufmann T, Drillich M, Tenhagen B, Heuwieser W. Correlations between periparturient serum concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, bilirubin, and urea and the occurrence of clinical and subclinical postpartum bovine endometritis. BMC Vet Res. 2010;6:47 pubmed publisher
    Postpartum endometritis in cattle is a multifactorial disease with high economic impact. Both, clinical endometritis (CE) and subclinical endometritis (SCE) result in decreased reproductive performance...
  22. Gabler C, Fischer C, Drillich M, Einspanier R, Heuwieser W. Time-dependent mRNA expression of selected pro-inflammatory factors in the endometrium of primiparous cows postpartum. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2010;8:152 pubmed publisher
    ..This might result in clinical or subclinical endometritis which is assumed to impair reproductive performance in the current lactation...
  23. LeBlanc M. Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic infectious and post-mating-induced endometritis in the mare. Reprod Domest Anim. 2010;45 Suppl 2:21-7 pubmed publisher
    ..are unable to clear the by-products of insemination or foaling quickly may develop post-mating-induced or acute endometritis. If endometritis is not promptly resolved, the infection can become chronic...
  24. Santos T, Gilbert R, Bicalho R. Metagenomic analysis of the uterine bacterial microbiota in healthy and metritic postpartum dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2011;94:291-302 pubmed publisher
  25. Gabler C, Drillich M, Fischer C, Holder C, Heuwieser W, Einspanier R. Endometrial expression of selected transcripts involved in prostaglandin synthesis in cows with endometritis. Theriogenology. 2009;71:993-1004 pubmed publisher
    ..Three groups (n=9 animals each) were defined: (1) healthy cows with no signs of endometritis (control group), (2) cows with subclinical endometritis, and (3) cows with signs of clinical endometritis...
  26. Santos T, Caixeta L, Machado V, Rauf A, Gilbert R, Bicalho R. Antimicrobial resistance and presence of virulence factor genes in Arcanobacterium pyogenes isolated from the uterus of postpartum dairy cows. Vet Microbiol. 2010;145:84-9 pubmed publisher
    ..All four virulence factor genes occurred in isolates from normal puerperium and clinical metritis; however, the fimA gene was present in significantly higher frequency in isolates from metritis cows...
  27. Swangchan Uthai T, Lavender C, Cheng Z, Fouladi Nashta A, Wathes D. Time course of defense mechanisms in bovine endometrium in response to lipopolysaccharide. Biol Reprod. 2012;87:135 pubmed publisher
    b>Endometritis caused by uterine infection after calving reduces fertility and causes major economic losses to the dairy industry...
  28. Olsen M, Butler A, Willers D, Gross G, Fraser V. Comparison of costs of surgical site infection and endometritis after cesarean delivery using claims and medical record data. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31:872-5 pubmed publisher
    ..and clinical data from a case-control study to calculate the costs of surgical site infection and endometritis after cesarean delivery...
  29. Aupperle H, Reischauer A, Bach F, Hildebrandt T, Goritz F, Jäger K, et al. Chronic endometritis in an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2008;39:107-10 pubmed
    ..enlarged uterus contained about 250 L of purulent fluid, and histopathology revealed ulcerative suppurative endometritis with high numbers of Streptococcus equi ssp. zooepidemicus and Escherichia coli identified on aerobic culture...
  30. Nash D, Sheldon I, Herath S, Lane E. Markers of the uterine innate immune response of the mare. Anim Reprod Sci. 2010;119:31-9 pubmed publisher
    Reproductive efficiency in mares is low and persistent mating-induced endometritis (PMIE) is an important cause of subfertility...
  31. McDougall S, Macaulay R, Compton C. Association between endometritis diagnosis using a novel intravaginal device and reproductive performance in dairy cattle. Anim Reprod Sci. 2007;99:9-23 pubmed
    b>Endometritis reduces reproductive performance in dairy cattle. Diagnosis of endometritis is undertaken using a variety of techniques including vaginoscopy, manual examination, cytology and ultrasonography...
  32. Casagrande Proietti P, Bietta A, Coppola G, Felicetti M, Cook R, Coletti M, et al. Isolation and characterization of ?-haemolytic-Streptococci from endometritis in mares. Vet Microbiol. 2011;152:126-30 pubmed publisher
    ..techniques using 85 clinical isolates recovered from uterine swabs of mares with clinical signs of endometritis and to determine the distribution of SeeL/SeeM and SzeL/SzeM superantigens in isolates of Streptococcus equi ..
  33. Bello C, Eskandar M, El G, Sobande A, Nour H, Shafiq H. Staphylococcus lugdunensis endometritis: a case report. West Afr J Med. 2007;26:243-5 pubmed
    Staphylococcus lugdunensis has been reported to cause several localized and blood stream infections, but not endometritis.
  34. Cocchia N, Paciello O, Auletta L, Uccello V, Silvestro L, Mallardo K, et al. Comparison of the cytobrush, cottonswab, and low-volume uterine flush techniques to evaluate endometrial cytology for diagnosing endometritis in chronically infertile mares. Theriogenology. 2012;77:89-98 pubmed publisher
    b>Endometritis is the most important cause of infertility in barren mares. The quick method of endometrial cytology (EC) has a relatively high reliability in diagnosing endometrial inflammation in the mare...
  35. Cicinelli E, Resta L, Nicoletti R, Tartagni M, Marinaccio M, Bulletti C, et al. Detection of chronic endometritis at fluid hysteroscopy. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2005;12:514-8 pubmed
    Chronic endometritis is a subtle condition that is difficult to detect; however, it may cause abnormal uterine bleeding and infertility...
  36. Noack F, Briese J, Stellmacher F, Hornung D, Horny H. Lethal outcome in xanthogranulomatous endometritis. APMIS. 2006;114:386-8 pubmed
    Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is rare, mainly involving the kidneys, while primary xanthogranulomatous endometritis (XE) is a very unusual finding, histologically characterized by partial or complete replacement of the mucosa by ..
  37. Riddle W, LeBlanc M, Stromberg A. Relationships between uterine culture, cytology and pregnancy rates in a Thoroughbred practice. Theriogenology. 2007;68:395-402 pubmed
    ..001). In conclusion, a positive cytology was twice as common as a positive culture, and isolation of microorganisms was associated with reduced pregnancy rates, even in the apparent absence of inflammation...
  38. Donofrio G, Herath S, Sartori C, Cavirani S, Flammini C, Sheldon I. Bovine herpesvirus 4 is tropic for bovine endometrial cells and modulates endocrine function. Reproduction. 2007;134:183-97 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the present study provides evidence of cellular and molecular mechanisms, supporting the concept that BoHV-4 is a pathogen associated with uterine disease...
  39. Coleman J, Hitti J, Bukusi E, Mwachari C, Muliro A, Nguti R, et al. Infectious correlates of HIV-1 shedding in the female upper and lower genital tracts. AIDS. 2007;21:755-9 pubmed
    ..To determine the effects of vaginal, cervical, and endometrial infections on shedding of HIV-1 RNA in the female genital tract...
  40. Luque I, Fernandez Garayzabal J, Blume V, Maldonado A, Astorga R, Tarradas C. Molecular typing and anti-microbial susceptibility of clinical isolates of Streptococcus equi ssp. zooepidemicus from equine bacterial endometritis. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2006;53:451-4 pubmed
    ..zooepidemicus (Sez) isolated from mares presenting clinical signs of endometritis was determined by disk agar diffusion and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) methods, respectively...
  41. LeBlanc M, Causey R. Clinical and subclinical endometritis in the mare: both threats to fertility. Reprod Domest Anim. 2009;44 Suppl 3:10-22 pubmed publisher
    b>Endometritis, a major cause of mare infertility arising from failure to remove bacteria, spermatozoa and inflammatory exudate post-breeding, is often undiagnosed...
  42. Hurtgen J. Pathogenesis and treatment of endometritis in the mare: a review. Theriogenology. 2006;66:560-6 pubmed
    Inflammatory conditions of the uterus, collectively known as endometritis, can be classified as acute, chronic, active, or subclinical. This condition causes substantial reductions in mare fertility...
  43. Hammon D, Evjen I, Dhiman T, Goff J, Walters J. Neutrophil function and energy status in Holstein cows with uterine health disorders. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2006;113:21-9 pubmed
    ..For cows that were diagnosed with puerperal metritis and subclinical (SC) endometritis and puerperal metritis, blood PMN functions were significantly (P<0...
  44. Kumar P, Shah N, Singhal A, Chauhan D, Katoch V, Mittal S, et al. Association of tuberculous endometritis with infertility and other gynecological complaints of women in India. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46:4068-70 pubmed publisher
    ..By employment of four different techniques, mycobacterial pathogens were detected irrespective of the nature/type of clinical complaint. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was the predominant pathogen detected among the samples investigated...
  45. Westermann S, Drillich M, Kaufmann T, Madoz L, Heuwieser W. A clinical approach to determine false positive findings of clinical endometritis by vaginoscopy by the use of uterine bacteriology and cytology in dairy cows. Theriogenology. 2010;74:1248-55 pubmed publisher
    Clinical endometritis in dairy cows is defined as mucopurulent or purulent vulvar discharge 21 days or more after parturition. The diagnosis of clinical endometritis is commonly based on vaginal examination...
  46. Li D, Liu Y, Li Y, Lv Y, Pei X, Guo D. Significance of nitric oxide concentration in plasma and uterine secretes with puerperal endometritis in dairy cows. Vet Res Commun. 2010;34:315-21 pubmed publisher
    b>Endometritis is an inflammation of the endometrial lining of the uterus without systemic signs, which is associated with chronic postpartum infection of the uterus with pathogenic bacteria...
  47. Overbeck W, Witte T, Heuwieser W. Comparison of three diagnostic methods to identify subclinical endometritis in mares. Theriogenology. 2011;75:1311-8 pubmed publisher
    ..accuracy of a uterine swab (US), a cytological brush (CB) and an endometrial biopsy (EB) to detect subclinical endometritis in mares...
  48. Dubuc J, Duffield T, Leslie K, Walton J, LeBlanc S. Randomized clinical trial of antibiotic and prostaglandin treatments for uterine health and reproductive performance in dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2011;94:1325-38 pubmed publisher
    ..among cows at high risk of uterine disease, and to assess the efficacy of PGF(2?) for treating cytological endometritis (CYTO) and purulent vaginal discharge (PVD)...
  49. Kitaya K, Yasuo T. Immunohistochemistrical and clinicopathological characterization of chronic endometritis. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2011;66:410-5 pubmed publisher
    Chronic endometritis is an elusive entity that is often asymptomatic and undetectable by conventional endometrial biopsy and histological examination...
  50. Galvao K, Santos N, Galvão J, Gilbert R. Association between endometritis and endometrial cytokine expression in postpartum Holstein cows. Theriogenology. 2011;76:290-9 pubmed publisher
    ..and the main neutrophil chemokine (IL-8), from calving to Week 7 after calving, in cows that developed endometritis and healthy control cows. Uterine biopsies were obtained at calving and at Weeks 1, 3, 5 and 7...
  51. Fumuso E, Aguilar J, Giguere S, Rivulgo M, Wade J, Rogan D. Immune parameters in mares resistant and susceptible to persistent post-breeding endometritis: effects of immunomodulation. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2007;118:30-9 pubmed
    ..Following treatment with MCWE at the time of AI (Cycle 3) uterine immunological changes in SM resulted in an endometrial immune environment similar to that found in normal RM...
  52. Gungorduk K, Ulker V, Sahbaz A, Ark C, Tekirdag A. Postmenopausal tuberculosis endometritis. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2007;2007:27028 pubmed
    ..After menopause, tuberculosis of the endometrium is a rare possibility probably because of the decreased vascularity of the tissues. We present a case of endometrial tuberculosis with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding...
  53. Brown K, Williams S, Apuzzio J. Ertapenem compared to combination drug therapy for the treatment of postpartum endometritis after cesarean delivery. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012;25:743-6 pubmed publisher
    Ertapenem is a broad spectrum carbapenem approved for the treatment of postpartum endometritis. Data regarding clinical outcomes after treatment with ertapenem for endometritis after cesarean delivery are limited...
  54. Potter T, Guitian J, Fishwick J, Gordon P, Sheldon I. Risk factors for clinical endometritis in postpartum dairy cattle. Theriogenology. 2010;74:127-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The presence of clinical endometritis beyond three weeks post partum depends on the balance between microbes, host immunity, and other environmental ..
  55. Dubuc J, Duffield T, Leslie K, Walton J, LeBlanc S. Effects of postpartum uterine diseases on milk production and culling in dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2011;94:1339-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Diagnostic criteria for cytological endometritis (CYTO) and purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) were established based on a detrimental effect on subsequent ..
  56. Runciman D, Anderson G, Malmo J, Davis G. Use of postpartum vaginoscopic (visual vaginal) examination of dairy cows for the diagnosis of endometritis and the association of endrometritis with reduced reproductive performance. Aust Vet J. 2008;86:205-13 pubmed publisher
  57. Kaufmann T, Drillich M, Tenhagen B, Forderung D, Heuwieser W. Prevalence of bovine subclinical endometritis 4h after insemination and its effects on first service conception rate. Theriogenology. 2009;71:385-91 pubmed publisher
    The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of subclinical endometritis 4h after AI and its effect on first service conception rate (FSCR) in dairy cows...
  58. Galvao K, Frajblat M, Brittin S, Butler W, Guard C, Gilbert R. Effect of prostaglandin F2alpha on subclinical endometritis and fertility in dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2009;92:4906-13 pubmed publisher
    The objectives were to determine the effects of PGF(2alpha) treatment on the prevalence of subclinical endometritis (SCE) and fertility of dairy cows...
  59. Lincke A, Drillich M, Heuwieser W. [Subclinical endometritis in dairy cattle and its effect on fertility--a review of recent publications]. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2007;120:245-50 pubmed
    ..Beside acute metritis and chronic endometritis recent reports on a negative impact of subclinical endometritis on reproductive performance have been published...
  60. Roongsitthichai A, Srisuwatanasagul S, Koonjaenak S, Tummaruk P. Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in the endometrium of gilts with different stages of endometritis. J Vet Med Sci. 2011;73:1425-31 pubmed
    The present study determined the association among the expression of COX-2, stages of endometritis, and types and number of local immune cells infiltrating into the gilts' endometrium...
  61. Drillich M, Voigt D, Forderung D, Heuwieser W. Treatment of acute puerperal metritis with flunixin meglumine in addition to antibiotic treatment. J Dairy Sci. 2007;90:3758-63 pubmed
    ..Outcome variables tested were proportion of cows with a fever, prevalence of chronic endometritis 18 to 22 and 32 to 35 d in milk (DIM), and reproductive performance measures in the current lactation...
  62. Sheldon I, Price S, Cronin J, Gilbert R, Gadsby J. Mechanisms of infertility associated with clinical and subclinical endometritis in high producing dairy cattle. Reprod Domest Anim. 2009;44 Suppl 3:1-9 pubmed publisher
    Clinical and subclinical endometritis are common causes of infertility and subfertility in high producing dairy cattle, delaying the onset of ovarian cyclic activity after parturition, extending luteal phases and reducing conception rates...
  63. Bacha B, Regassa F. Subclinical endometritis in Zebu x Friesian crossbred dairy cows: its risk factors, association with subclinical mastitis and effect on reproductive performance. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2010;42:397-403 pubmed publisher
    ..carried out on 59 clinically healthy Zebu x Friesian crossbred cows to determine the prevalence of subclinical endometritis, associated factors and its effect on the reproductive performance...
  64. McLaughlin C, Stanisiewski E, Lucas M, Cornell C, Watkins J, Bryson L, et al. Evaluation of two doses of ceftiofur crystalline free acid sterile suspension for treatment of metritis in lactating dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2012;95:4363-71 pubmed publisher
    ..6% of ears were normal on d 57±3. Thus, a 2-dose treatment with CCFA-SS given 72h apart increased metritis clinical cure rate and was well tolerated in dairy cows...
  65. Olsen M, Butler A, Willers D, Gross G, Hamilton B, Fraser V. Attributable costs of surgical site infection and endometritis after low transverse cesarean delivery. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31:276-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Accurate data on costs attributable to hospital-acquired infections are needed to determine their economic impact and the cost-benefit of potential preventive strategies...
  66. Martin D, Dbouk R, DeLeon Carnes M, del Rio C, Guarner J. Haemophilus influenzae acute endometritis with bacteremia: case report and literature review. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013;76:235-6 pubmed publisher
    Haemophilus influenzae rarely causes acute endometritis and the few published cases have always been associated with intrauterine devices (IUD)...