mastoiditis

Summary

Summary: Inflammation of the honeycomb-like MASTOID BONE in the skull just behind the ear. It is usually a complication of OTITIS MEDIA.

Top Publications

  1. Dudkiewicz M, Livni G, Kornreich L, Nageris B, Ulanovski D, Raveh E. Acute mastoiditis and osteomyelitis of the temporal bone. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;69:1399-405 pubmed
    Acute mastoiditis becomes clinically significant when infection spreads through the periosteum and induces periosteitis. This study describes an atypical complication of acute mastoiditis: osteomyelitis of the temporal bone.
  2. Luntz M, Brodsky A, Nusem S, Kronenberg J, Keren G, Migirov L, et al. Acute mastoiditis--the antibiotic era: a multicenter study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2001;57:1-9 pubmed
    To evaluate the clinical course and identify the causative organisms of acute mastoiditis in a community where most of the patients who develop acute otitis media are treated with antibiotics.
  3. Thompson P, Gilbert R, Long P, Saxena S, Sharland M, Wong I. Effect of antibiotics for otitis media on mastoiditis in children: a retrospective cohort study using the United kingdom general practice research database. Pediatrics. 2009;123:424-30 pubmed publisher
    Information is needed on whether mastoiditis has increased in association with the decline in antibiotics prescribed to children by primary care physicians in the United Kingdom.
  4. Katz A, Leibovitz E, Greenberg D, Raiz S, Greenwald Maimon M, Leiberman A, et al. Acute mastoiditis in Southern Israel: a twelve year retrospective study (1990 through 2001). Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003;22:878-82 pubmed
    Acute mastoiditis is a serious complication of acute otitis media (AOM) and has been increasingly reported in the last decade.
  5. Hidaka H, Ishida E, Kaku K, Nishikawa H, Kobayashi T. Congenital cholesteatoma of mastoid region manifesting as acute mastoiditis: case report and literature review. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:810-5 pubmed publisher
    We report an extremely rare case of congenital cholesteatoma of the mastoid region, presenting as acute mastoiditis. We also review the 16 previously reported cases of congenital cholesteatoma of the mastoid region.
  6. van Zuijlen D, Schilder A, Van Balen F, Hoes A. National differences in incidence of acute mastoiditis: relationship to prescribing patterns of antibiotics for acute otitis media?. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001;20:140-4 pubmed
    ..Prescription of antibiotics is limited to children with a complicated course of AOM and those categorized as high risk. Consequently only 31% of patients with AOM receives antibiotics, compared with >90% in most other countries...
  7. Mongkolrattanothai K, Oram R, Redleaf M, Bova J, Englund J. Tuberculous otitis media with mastoiditis and central nervous system involvement. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003;22:453-6 pubmed
    ..We report a case of disseminated tuberculosis involving the middle ear, mastoid, lung and central nervous system. Tuberculosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of chronic ear drainage, especially in young children...
  8. Zanetti D, Nassif N. Indications for surgery in acute mastoiditis and their complications in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;70:1175-82 pubmed
  9. Geva A, Oestreicher Kedem Y, Fishman G, Landsberg R, DeRowe A. Conservative management of acute mastoiditis in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;72:629-34 pubmed publisher
    To review the current management of acute mastoiditis with critical emphasis on the role of myringotomy.

More Information

Publications62

  1. Migirov L, Yakirevitch A, Henkin Y, Kaplan Neeman R, Kronenberg J. Acute otitis media and mastoiditis following cochlear implantation. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;70:899-903 pubmed
    To examine the incidence of acute otitis media (AOM) and mastoiditis in children after cochlear implantation (CI) and to evaluate the role of mastoidectomy in decreasing the rate of AOM in implanted children by comparing two surgical ..
  2. Khan M. Pott's puffy tumor: a rare complication of mastoiditis. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2006;42:125-8 pubmed
    ..Only 1 case has been reported following a latent mastoiditis and that has been in an adult [1]...
  3. Tarantino V, D AGOSTINO R, Taborelli G, Melagrana A, Porcu A, Stura M. Acute mastoiditis: a 10 year retrospective study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2002;66:143-8 pubmed
    ..Mastoidectomy should be performed in all the patients with acute coalescent mastoiditis or in case of evidence of intracranial complications.
  4. Quesnel S, Nguyen M, Pierrot S, Contencin P, Manach Y, Couloigner V. Acute mastoiditis in children: a retrospective study of 188 patients. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;74:1388-92 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study is to define the clinical and bacteriological characteristics of acute mastoiditis (AM) in children in order to optimize diagnostic work-up and treatment.
  5. Benito M, Gorricho B. Acute mastoiditis: increase in the incidence and complications. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;71:1007-11 pubmed
    Acute mastoiditis is a serious complication of acute otitis media, but it can be treated successfully in most of the cases with broad spectrum intravenous antibiotics and myringotomy...
  6. Stokroos R, Manni J, de Kruijk J, Soudijn E. Lemierre syndrome and acute mastoiditis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999;125:589-91 pubmed
    ..We describe Lemierre syndrome that complicates an acute mastoiditis, with considerations regarding its pathogenesis and management...
  7. Bianchini C, Aimoni C, Ceruti S, Grasso D, Martini A. Lateral sinus thrombosis as a complication of acute mastoiditis. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2008;28:30-3 pubmed
    ..It was more frequent in the pre-antibiotic era and mortality was high. The Authors present a paediatric case of lateral sinus thrombosis in which they describe the clinical approach and related literature...
  8. van Tol A, van Rijswijk J. Aspergillus mastoiditis, presenting with unexplained progressive otalgia, in an immunocompetent (older) patient. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;266:1655-7 pubmed publisher
    Aspergillus mastoiditis and skull-base osteomyelitis are extremely rare, even in immunocompromised patients...
  9. Sharland M, Kendall H, Yeates D, Randall A, Hughes G, Glasziou P, et al. Antibiotic prescribing in general practice and hospital admissions for peritonsillar abscess, mastoiditis, and rheumatic fever in children: time trend analysis. BMJ. 2005;331:328-9 pubmed
  10. Zevallos J, Vrabec J, Williamson R, Giannoni C, Larrier D, Sulek M, et al. Advanced pediatric mastoiditis with and without intracranial complications. Laryngoscope. 2009;119:1610-5 pubmed publisher
    Recently, several groups have noticed an increase in cases of advanced pediatric mastoiditis and intracranial complications...
  11. Go C, Bernstein J, de Jong A, Sulek M, Friedman E. Intracranial complications of acute mastoiditis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2000;52:143-8 pubmed
    ..We reviewed cases of acute mastoiditis to document: (1) incidence of intracranial complications; (2) risk factors; and (3) identify pathologic ..
  12. Ohki M, Ito K, Ishimoto S. Fungal mastoiditis in an immunocompetent adult. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2001;258:106-8 pubmed
    Manifest fungal infection of the middle ear, fungal mastoiditis, is a very rare entity, which is almost exclusively seen in immunocompromised patients...
  13. De S, Makura Z, Clarke R. Paediatric acute mastoiditis: the Alder Hey experience. J Laryngol Otol. 2002;116:440-2 pubmed
    Acute mastoiditis was a common condition in the pre-antibiotic era, but has become rare now with the widespread use of antibiotics...
  14. Kvaerner K, Bentdal Y, Karevold G. Acute mastoiditis in Norway: no evidence for an increase. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;71:1579-83 pubmed
    ..an otolaryngologist at Rikshospitalet claimed that the increasing number of children hospitalized for acute mastoiditis was worrying and questioned the restrictive use of antibiotics in Norway...
  15. Stähelin Massik J, Podvinec M, Jakscha J, Rüst O, Greisser J, Moschopulos M, et al. Mastoiditis in children: a prospective, observational study comparing clinical presentation, microbiology, computed tomography, surgical findings and histology. Eur J Pediatr. 2008;167:541-8 pubmed
    ..microbiology, computed tomography, surgical findings and histology in acute, sub-acute and chronic mastoiditis. We performed a prospective, observational study in children under 16 years of age presenting to our ..
  16. Glynn F, Osman L, Colreavy M, Rowley H, Dwyer T, Blayney A. Acute mastoiditis in children: presentation and long term consequences. J Laryngol Otol. 2008;122:233-7 pubmed
    Acute mastoiditis, a destructive bacterial infection of the mastoid bone and air cell system, is relatively uncommon today but remains a potentially serious condition...
  17. Yeh C, Tu T, Wang M, Chu C, Huang C, Su W, et al. Emergence of Refractory Otomastoiditis Due to Nontuberculous Mycobacteria: Institutional Experience and Review of the Literature. Clin Infect Dis. 2016;62:739-745 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we aimed to analyze patients with NTM otomastoiditis and establish a more efficient treatment strategy...
  18. Migirov L. Computed tomographic versus surgical findings in complicated acute otomastoiditis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2003;112:675-7 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, acute mastoiditis complicated with facial nerve paralysis may be associated with cholesteatoma in 66% of cases...
  19. Zapalac J, Billings K, Schwade N, Roland P. Suppurative complications of acute otitis media in the era of antibiotic resistance. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002;128:660-3 pubmed
    ..To review our experience with suppurative complications of acute otitis media (AOM) in the era of antibiotic resistance, given a perceived increase in the number of such cases in recent years requiring surgical intervention...
  20. Agarwal A, Lowry P, Isaacson G. Natural history of sigmoid sinus thrombosis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2003;112:191-4 pubmed
    ..sinus thrombosis, we performed a prospective observational study on a 6-year-old girl who presented with mastoiditis, epidural abscess, and occipital osteomyelitis from multiple drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae...
  21. Morrison A, Weir I, Silber T. Otogenic Fusobacterium meningitis, sepsis, and mastoiditis in an adolescent. South Med J. 2004;97:416-8 pubmed
    ..We report a unique case of Fusobacterium meningitis, mastoiditis, and sepsis in a previously healthy adolescent...
  22. Tamás T, Garai T, Tompos T, Szirmai A. [Vertigo in the Emergency Department: new bedside tests]. Orv Hetil. 2016;157:403-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Using special test glasses each component of the new test can be made objective and repeatable...
  23. Linder T, Briner H, Bischoff T. Prevention of acute mastoiditis: fact or fiction?. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2000;56:129-34 pubmed
    Acute mastoiditis is the most common complication of acute otitis media (AOM). In recent years routine antibiotic treatment for acute middle ear infections was questioned and even abandoned in some countries...
  24. Kvaerner K. Lessons learned: no increase despite clinical suspicion of acute mastoiditis. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;266:653-6 pubmed publisher
    Based on clinical information from one Norwegian hospital in 2005, an increase in childhood acute mastoiditis was postulated, but later nationally disproved...
  25. Browning G. Mastoiditis and quinsy are too rare to support antibiotic prophylaxis. Clin Otolaryngol. 2008;33:253-4 pubmed publisher
  26. Maroldi R, Farina D, Palvarini L, Marconi A, Gadola E, Menni K, et al. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of pathologic conditions of the middle ear. Eur J Radiol. 2001;40:78-93 pubmed
    ..DSA and interventional vascular techniques maintain an essential role in the presurgical work-up and embolization of paragangliomas extended into the middle ear...
  27. Kloeck I, Crols R, De Belder T, Vandist V, Schmelzer B. Wegener's granulomatosis presenting as otomastoiditis. A case report. B-ENT. 2006;2:7-12 pubmed
    ..A CT scan of the brain showed thickening of the left tentorium. A biopsy of the dura indicated a diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis. The patient was treated with immunosuppressive medication with satisfactory results...
  28. Scolozzi P, Lombardi T, Monnier P, Jaques B. Multisystem Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (Hand-Schüller-Christian disease) in an adult: a case report and review of the literature. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2004;261:326-30 pubmed
    ..The final diagnosis of LCH was made on mandibular biopsy...
  29. Taljebini M, Wilkinson E, Fayad J. Myringostapediopexy after tympanomastoidectomy. Ear Nose Throat J. 2007;86:532 pubmed
  30. Sato Y, Aoyama M, Soeda T, Hoshi A, Honma M, Yamamoto T. [A case of hypertrophic pachymeningitis, resolved by antimicrobial therapy]. Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2004;44:527-30 pubmed
    ..CT scans showed bilateral mastoiditis, and the right mastoid process and a posterior part of the petrous bone were eroded, indicating the exposed ..
  31. Lasisi O, Bakare R, Usman M. Human immunodeficiency virus and invasive external otitis--a case report. West Afr J Med. 2003;22:103-5 pubmed
    ..This article highlights the clinical peculiarities and the management of invasive external otitis in an HIV-positive patient...
  32. Hoang J, Eastwood J, Glastonbury C. What's in a name? Eponyms in head and neck imaging. Clin Radiol. 2010;65:237-45 pubmed publisher
  33. Faye M, Ba M, Diakhate I, Hossini A, Renaux A. [Posterior cranial fossa abscess secondary to cholesteatoma]. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord). 2006;127:161-3 pubmed
    ..Posterior cranial fossa abscesses are rare and continue to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates. We describe the presentation and management of a large cerebellar abscess secondary to cholesteatoma...
  34. Vitale M, Amrit M, Arora R, Lata J. Gradenigo's syndrome: A common infection with uncommon consequences. Am J Emerg Med. 2017;35:1388.e1-1388.e2 pubmed publisher
    ..2016; Kantas et al., 2010; Motamed and Kalan, n.d.; Vita Fooken Jensen et al., 2016 [2-6]). Signs and symptoms are often subtle, so a high-level of suspicion is required in order not to miss this potentially fatal process. ..
  35. Leskinen K, Jero J. Acute complications of otitis media in adults. Clin Otolaryngol. 2005;30:511-6 pubmed
    ..To establish the incidence, current treatment and outcome of adult patients with acute intratemporal and intracranial complications of otitis media (OM)...
  36. Chang C, Schell W, Perfect J, Hulka G. Novel use of a swimming pool biocide in the treatment of a rare fungal mastoiditis. Laryngoscope. 2005;115:1065-9 pubmed
    To describe an extremely rare fungal mastoiditis caused by Lecythophora hoffmannii, its recalcitrant behavior to therapy, and eventual successful treatment with adjunctive therapy using polyhexamethylene biguanide (a common swimming pool ..
  37. Carvalho K, Bodensteiner J, Connolly P, Garg B. Cerebral venous thrombosis in children. J Child Neurol. 2001;16:574-80 pubmed
    ..Nineteen (61%) were neonates. The most common risk factors included mastoiditis, persistent pulmonary hypertension, cardiac malformation, and dehydration...
  38. Anthonsen K, Høstmark K, Hansen S, Andreasen K, Juhlin J, Homøe P, et al. Acute mastoiditis in children: a 10-year retrospective and validated multicenter study. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013;32:436-40 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluates changes in incidence, the clinical and microbiological findings, the complications and the outcome of acute mastoiditis in children in a country employing conservative guidelines in treating acute otitis media.
  39. Rho M, Kim D, Kim S, Sung Y, Kwon J, Lee S. Tuberculous otomastoiditis on high-resolution temporal bone CT: comparison with nontuberculous otomastoiditis with and without cholesteatoma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2007;28:493-6 pubmed
    ..Our purpose was to evaluate the differential findings of tuberculous otomastoiditis (TOM) and nontuberculous chronic otomastoiditis with or without middle ear cholesteatoma on high-resolution CT of the temporal bone...
  40. Graß S, Welkoborsky H, Bersch C. [Lateral Sinus Thrombosis--A Rare Complication of an Acute Mastoiditis or Infected Cholesteatoma]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2016;95:37-42 pubmed publisher
    Lateral sinus thrombosis (LST) is a rare but threatening complication of an acute mastoiditis or infected cholesteatoma...
  41. Grossman Z, Zehavi Y, Leibovitz E, Grisaru Soen G, Shachor Meyouhas Y, Kassis I, et al. Severe Acute Mastoiditis Admission is Not Related to Delayed Antibiotic Treatment for Antecedent Acute Otitis Media. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;35:162-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluates relationship between delayed antibiotic treatment for antecedent AOM and severity of subsequent acute mastoiditis admission.
  42. Paffetti A, D Aviera L, Le Foche F, Mannozzi P, Mastropietro C, Croce G, et al. Successful meropenem therapy of a brain abscess and meningitis arising from acute purulent otomastoiditis: case report. J Chemother. 1998;10:132-5 pubmed
    ..Thus, in selected patients, antibacterials (in conjunction with a corticosteroid) may be successfully used without surgery to treat brain abscesses and in such circumstances meropenem is a useful option for empiric therapy...
  43. Niv A, Nash M, Slovik Y, Fliss D, Kaplan D, Leibovitz E, et al. Acute mastoiditis in infancy: the Soroka experience: 1990-2000. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2004;68:1435-9 pubmed
    Acute mastoiditis (AM) is an uncommon but serious complication of acute otitis media (AOM). In the pre-antibiotic era, AM was seen more frequently than it is today, but it was rare in infants...
  44. Tamir S, Shwartz Y, Peleg U, Shaul C, Perez R, Sichel J. Shifting trends: mastoiditis from a surgical to a medical disease. Am J Otolaryngol. 2010;31:467-71 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study is to review the outcome of pediatric patients suffering from acute mastoiditis treated conservatively and to correlate this to the evolution of our understanding of the shift in which mastoiditis has been ..
  45. Ortega R, Suzuki S, Sekhar P, Stram J, Rengasamy S. Paraplegia after mastoidectomy under general anesthesia. Am J Otolaryngol. 2009;30:340-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The case raises the possibility that the combination of neck rotation and relative hypotension may precipitate paraplegia in patients with preexisting spinal chord pathology...
  46. Kaberos A, Balatsouras D, Vasilakaki T, Economou N, Leontiadis A. Fibromatosis presenting as acute mastoiditis: a case report. Ear Nose Throat J. 2005;84:94-6 pubmed
    We describe the case of a middle-aged man who presented with manifestations of acute mastoiditis caused by fibromatosis of the mastoid region...
  47. Bance M, Rutka J. Topical treatment for otorrhea: issues and controversies. J Otolaryngol. 2005;34 Suppl 2:S52-5 pubmed
    ..In some causes of otorrhea, nonmicrobial treatments might be just as effective. Individualized therapy is recommended...
  48. Charlett S, Moor J, Jenkins C, Coatesworth A. A quartet of lateral sinus thrombosis, extradural abscess, subdural abscess and occipital abscess: complications of acute mastoiditis in a pre-adolescent child. J Laryngol Otol. 2006;120:781-3 pubmed
    Neurological complications of acute mastoiditis are rare but can be life threatening. Their presentation may be masked by the use of antibiotics...
  49. Cavassini R, Guyot E, Theumann N, Cavassini M. [A patient with confusion and pneumocephalus: what is your diagnosis?]. Praxis (Bern 1994). 2004;93:2105-7 pubmed
    ..the lack of typical clinical signs such as retroauricular tenderness, red tympanic membrane or otorrhea, mastoiditis was suggested by head CT scan...
  50. Jang J, Park J, Kwon J, Lee S. Abducens nerve palsy complicated by inferior petrosal sinus septic thrombosis due to mastoiditis. Korean J Ophthalmol. 2012;26:65-8 pubmed publisher
    ..boy with acute onset right abducens nerve palsy complicated by inferior petrosal sinus septic thrombosis due to mastoiditis without petrous apicitis...
  51. Kierzek A. [Conservative therapy of mastoiditis and therapeutical indications of mastoidectomy until the end of XIX century. The achievements of Varsovian physicians]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2003;57:455-9 pubmed
    The problem of treatment of the mastoiditis was discussed long ago--in XVII and XVIII centuries by Jean Riolan (1580-1657), Werner Rolfinck (1599-1673), Jean L. Petit (1674-1750), Jasser and the others...
  52. Lesperance M. The relationship between acute mastoiditis and antibiotic use for acute otitis media in children--invited commentary. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:49 pubmed publisher
  53. Palacios E, Rojas R, Restrepo S. An encephalocele as a complication of mastoid surgery. Ear Nose Throat J. 2002;81:823 pubmed