tinea capitis

Summary

Summary: Ringworm of the scalp and associated hair mainly caused by species of MICROSPORUM; TRICHOPHYTON; and EPIDERMOPHYTON, which may occasionally involve the eyebrows and eyelashes.

Top Publications

  1. Hallgren J, Petrini B, Wahlgren C. Increasing tinea capitis prevalence in Stockholm reflects immigration. Med Mycol. 2004;42:505-9 pubmed
    The aim was to describe the mycological and clinical data in children diagnosed with tinea capitis in a hospital setting in Stockholm...
  2. White J, Higgins E, Fuller L. Screening for asymptomatic carriage of Trichophyton tonsurans in household contacts of patients with tinea capitis: results of 209 patients from South London. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2007;21:1061-4 pubmed
    There is currently an epidemic of tinea capitis in urban areas of developed countries caused by Trichophyton tonsurans. Recurrence or re-infection with dermatophyte is not uncommon after adequate oral treatment...
  3. Pinheiro A, Lobato L, Varella T. Dermoscopy findings in tinea capitis: case report and literature review. An Bras Dermatol. 2012;87:313-4 pubmed
    ..We describe the "comma" and "corkscrew hair" dermoscopic aspects found in a child of skin type 4, with tinea capitis.
  4. Jahangir M, Hussain I, Ul Hasan M, Haroon T. A double-blind, randomized, comparative trial of itraconazole versus terbinafine for 2 weeks in tinea capitis. Br J Dermatol. 1998;139:672-4 pubmed
    ..of oral itraconazole (n = 28) and terbinafine (n = 27), each given for 2 weeks, was compared in patients with tinea capitis. Trichophyton violaceum was the major pathogen in both groups (82.1% and 88.9%, respectively)...
  5. Ali S, Graham T, Forgie S. The assessment and management of tinea capitis in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007;23:662-5; quiz 666-8 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is an infection of the scalp and hair shaft caused by dermatophyte fungi. It is seen in all age groups, and the incidence seems to be on the rise in North America...
  6. Lubin J, Schafer D, Ron E, Stovall M, Carroll R. A reanalysis of thyroid neoplasms in the Israeli tinea capitis study accounting for dose uncertainties. Radiat Res. 2004;161:359-68 pubmed
    In the 1940s and 1950s, children in Israel were treated for tinea capitis by irradiation to the scalp to induce epilation...
  7. Ghannoum M, Isham N, Hajjeh R, Cano M, Al Hasawi F, Yearick D, et al. Tinea capitis in Cleveland: survey of elementary school students. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003;48:189-93 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis, a fungal infection of the scalp, is of increasing public health importance, and Trichophyton tonsurans has become the primary causative agent in North America.
  8. Ellabib M, Agaj M, Khalifa Z, Kavanagh K. Trichophyton violaceum is the dominant cause of tinea capitis in children in Tripoli, Libya: results of a two year survey. Mycopathologia. 2002;153:145-7 pubmed
    The causative agents of tinea capitis in Libyan nationals attending the out patient Dermatology Clinic of the Tripoli Medical Centre over the period December 1997 to December 1999 were investigated...
  9. Ungar S, Laude T. Tinea capitis in a newborn caused by two organisms. Pediatr Dermatol. 1997;14:229-30 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a common infection of childhood. There have been several reports of tinea capitis in newborns. Our patient presented at 19 days of age to the emergency room with a scalp lesion of 5 days duration...
  10. Van Duyn Graham L, Elewski B. Recent updates in oral terbinafine: its use in onychomycosis and tinea capitis in the US. Mycoses. 2011;54:e679-85 pubmed publisher
    Onychomycosis and tinea capitis are prevalent fungal diseases that are difficult to cure and usually require systemic treatment. Onychomycosis has high recurrence rates and can significantly affect a patient's quality of life...

Detail Information

Publications64

  1. Hallgren J, Petrini B, Wahlgren C. Increasing tinea capitis prevalence in Stockholm reflects immigration. Med Mycol. 2004;42:505-9 pubmed
    The aim was to describe the mycological and clinical data in children diagnosed with tinea capitis in a hospital setting in Stockholm...
  2. White J, Higgins E, Fuller L. Screening for asymptomatic carriage of Trichophyton tonsurans in household contacts of patients with tinea capitis: results of 209 patients from South London. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2007;21:1061-4 pubmed
    There is currently an epidemic of tinea capitis in urban areas of developed countries caused by Trichophyton tonsurans. Recurrence or re-infection with dermatophyte is not uncommon after adequate oral treatment...
  3. Pinheiro A, Lobato L, Varella T. Dermoscopy findings in tinea capitis: case report and literature review. An Bras Dermatol. 2012;87:313-4 pubmed
    ..We describe the "comma" and "corkscrew hair" dermoscopic aspects found in a child of skin type 4, with tinea capitis.
  4. Jahangir M, Hussain I, Ul Hasan M, Haroon T. A double-blind, randomized, comparative trial of itraconazole versus terbinafine for 2 weeks in tinea capitis. Br J Dermatol. 1998;139:672-4 pubmed
    ..of oral itraconazole (n = 28) and terbinafine (n = 27), each given for 2 weeks, was compared in patients with tinea capitis. Trichophyton violaceum was the major pathogen in both groups (82.1% and 88.9%, respectively)...
  5. Ali S, Graham T, Forgie S. The assessment and management of tinea capitis in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007;23:662-5; quiz 666-8 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is an infection of the scalp and hair shaft caused by dermatophyte fungi. It is seen in all age groups, and the incidence seems to be on the rise in North America...
  6. Lubin J, Schafer D, Ron E, Stovall M, Carroll R. A reanalysis of thyroid neoplasms in the Israeli tinea capitis study accounting for dose uncertainties. Radiat Res. 2004;161:359-68 pubmed
    In the 1940s and 1950s, children in Israel were treated for tinea capitis by irradiation to the scalp to induce epilation...
  7. Ghannoum M, Isham N, Hajjeh R, Cano M, Al Hasawi F, Yearick D, et al. Tinea capitis in Cleveland: survey of elementary school students. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003;48:189-93 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis, a fungal infection of the scalp, is of increasing public health importance, and Trichophyton tonsurans has become the primary causative agent in North America.
  8. Ellabib M, Agaj M, Khalifa Z, Kavanagh K. Trichophyton violaceum is the dominant cause of tinea capitis in children in Tripoli, Libya: results of a two year survey. Mycopathologia. 2002;153:145-7 pubmed
    The causative agents of tinea capitis in Libyan nationals attending the out patient Dermatology Clinic of the Tripoli Medical Centre over the period December 1997 to December 1999 were investigated...
  9. Ungar S, Laude T. Tinea capitis in a newborn caused by two organisms. Pediatr Dermatol. 1997;14:229-30 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a common infection of childhood. There have been several reports of tinea capitis in newborns. Our patient presented at 19 days of age to the emergency room with a scalp lesion of 5 days duration...
  10. Van Duyn Graham L, Elewski B. Recent updates in oral terbinafine: its use in onychomycosis and tinea capitis in the US. Mycoses. 2011;54:e679-85 pubmed publisher
    Onychomycosis and tinea capitis are prevalent fungal diseases that are difficult to cure and usually require systemic treatment. Onychomycosis has high recurrence rates and can significantly affect a patient's quality of life...
  11. Binder B, Lackner H, Poessl B, Propst E, Weger W, Smolle J, et al. Prevalence of tinea capitis in Southeastern Austria between 1985 and 2008: up-to-date picture of the current situation. Mycoses. 2011;54:243-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Tinea capitis is the most common dermatophyte infection in childhood, but may rarely occur in adults and the elderly. Causative agents vary within different geographical areas as well as during decades...
  12. Rebollo N, López Barcenas A, Arenas R. [Tinea capitis]. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2008;99:91-100 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a widespread scalp infection in children caused by dermatophytes. In fact, it is the most common cutaneous mycosis in children but is uncommon in adults. The disease has been major public health concern for decades...
  13. von Laer Tschudin L, Laffitte E, Baudraz Rosselet F, Dushi G, Hohlfeld J, De Buys Roessingh A. Tinea capitis: no incision nor excision. J Pediatr Surg. 2007;42:E33-6 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the scalp and hair shaft that mainly affects prepubescent children...
  14. Hackett B, O CONNELL K, Cafferkey M, O Donnell B, Keane F. Tinea capitis in a paediatric population. Ir Med J. 2006;99:294-5 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is an increasing problem in Europe. The pattern of infection is changing with an increase in pathogenic anthropophilic dermatophytes particularly Trichophyton tonsurans...
  15. Foster K, Friedlander S, Panzer H, Ghannoum M, Elewski B. A randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of fluconazole in the treatment of pediatric tinea capitis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2005;53:798-809 pubmed
    Griseofulvin is considered first-line therapy for tinea capitis, and the Physician's Desk Reference currently recommends 11 mg/kg per day microsize formulation for use in children...
  16. Ungpakorn R, Ayutyanont T, Reangchainam S, Supanya S. Treatment of Microsporum spp. tinea capitis with pulsed oral terbinafine. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2004;29:300-3 pubmed
    ..It is also useful in treating tinea capitis, although for Microsporum canis and some ectothrix organisms, the effectiveness of the drug may be less than ..
  17. Hay R, Robles W, Midgley G, Moore M. Tinea capitis in Europe: new perspective on an old problem. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2001;15:229-33 pubmed
    A survey of tinea capitis conducted under the auspices of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology showed that laboratories contributing to a voluntary scheme for reporting have recently been seeing a different pattern of scalp ..
  18. Gupta A, Dlova N, Taborda P, Morar N, Taborda V, Lynde C, et al. Once weekly fluconazole is effective in children in the treatment of tinea capitis: a prospective, multicentre study. Br J Dermatol. 2000;142:965-8 pubmed
    ..in Brazil, Canada and South Africa we have demonstrated that fluconazole 8 mg kg-1 once weekly is effective in tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton and Microsporum species. There were 61 children, aged (mean +/- SE) 5.0 +/- 0...
  19. Sadetzki S, Chetrit A, Lubina A, Stovall M, Novikov I. Risk of thyroid cancer after childhood exposure to ionizing radiation for tinea capitis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006;91:4798-804 pubmed
    ..We examined the effect of low doses of ionizing radiation (4.5-49.5 cGy) on the risk of developing thyroid cancer after long latent periods of up to 54 yr after childhood exposure...
  20. Aste N, Pau M. Tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis treated with terbinafine. Mycoses. 2004;47:428-30 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a disease found throughout the world. It frequently affects children and only rarely adults, usually post-menopausal women...
  21. Gupta A, Summerbell R. Increased incidence of Trichophyton tonsurans tinea capitis in Ontario, Canada between 1985 and 1996. Med Mycol. 1998;36:55-60 pubmed
    In Canada, since the 1990s, Trichophyton tonsurans has emerged as the main cause of tinea capitis. Prior to this the more common agents were T. verrucosum, Microsporum canis and M. audouinii. Over the past few years the incidence of T...
  22. Ginter Hanselmayer G, Smolle J, Gupta A. Itraconazole in the treatment of tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis: experience in a large cohort. Pediatr Dermatol. 2004;21:499-502 pubmed
    ..canis tinea capitis. Fifty-five patients had previous treatment with terbinafine without success...
  23. Slowinska M, Rudnicka L, Schwartz R, Kowalska Oledzka E, Rakowska A, Sicinska J, et al. Comma hairs: a dermatoscopic marker for tinea capitis: a rapid diagnostic method. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008;59:S77-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Dermatoscopy and videodermatoscopy have been used for several years in the diagnosis of skin disorders...
  24. Ghannoum M, Wraith L, Cai B, Nyirady J, Isham N. Susceptibility of dermatophyte isolates obtained from a large worldwide terbinafine tinea capitis clinical trial. Br J Dermatol. 2008;159:711-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Our group, in collaboration with seven other laboratories, has recently developed a method to determine the susceptibility of dermatophytes...
  25. Lipozencic J, Skerlev M, Orofino Costa R, Zaitz V, Horvath A, Chouela E, et al. A randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, duration-finding study of oral terbinafine and open-label, high-dose griseofulvin in children with tinea capitis due to Microsporum species. Br J Dermatol. 2002;146:816-23 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis, a common clinical pattern of dermatophyte infection in children is becoming a public health hazard in some countries...
  26. Koumantaki E, Kakourou T, Rallis E, Riga P, Georgalla S. Doubled dose of oral terbinafine is required for Microsporum canis tinea capitis. Pediatr Dermatol. 2001;18:339-42 pubmed
    Fourteen children, ages 1-15 years, with Microsporum canis tinea capitis were given oral terbinafine for 4 weeks at the recommended daily dose according to their weight: 10-20 kg, 62.5 mg; 20-40 kg, 125 mg; > 40 kg, 250 mg...
  27. Elewski B, Cáceres H, DeLeon L, El Shimy S, Hunter J, Korotkiy N, et al. Terbinafine hydrochloride oral granules versus oral griseofulvin suspension in children with tinea capitis: results of two randomized, investigator-blinded, multicenter, international, controlled trials. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008;59:41-54 pubmed publisher
    Although griseofulvin is currently considered the primary antifungal agent used to treat tinea capitis in many countries, increasingly higher doses and longer durations of treatment are becoming necessary to achieve effective treatment...
  28. Chang S, Kang S, Choi J, Sung K, Moon K, Koh J. Tinea capitis due to Trichophyton rubrum in a neonate. Pediatr Dermatol. 2002;19:356-8 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a common infection of school-aged children, but there have been only a few reports of tinea capitis in newborns. Furthermore, Trichophyton rubrum as a causative organism of tinea capitis is documented very rarely...
  29. Seebacher C, Abeck D, Brasch J, Cornely O, Daeschlein G, Effendy I, et al. Tinea capitis: ringworm of the scalp. Mycoses. 2007;50:218-26 pubmed
    The guideline tinea capitis, as passed by three German medical societies, is presented in the present study.
  30. Ronel D, Schwager R, Avram M. Squamous cell carcinoma of the scalp after radiotherapy for tinea capitis. Dermatol Surg. 2004;30:446-9 pubmed
    Radiotherapy for tinea capitis was widely used in the 1930s and 1940s. There is a fourfold increase in the risk for developing nonmelanoma skin cancer in the scalp...
  31. Ergin S, Ergin C, Erdogan B, Kaleli I, Evliyaoglu D. An experience from an outbreak of tinea capitis gladiatorum due to Trichophyton tonsurans. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2006;31:212-4 pubmed
    ..Although tinea corporis is well recognized, no data are available for tinea capitis infections in wrestlers...
  32. Koumantaki E, Georgala S, Rallis E, Papadavid E. Microsporum canis tinea capitis in an 8-month-old infant successfully treated with 2 weekly pulses of oral itraconazole. Pediatr Dermatol. 2001;18:60-2 pubmed
    We report an 8-month-old girl with tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis which was successfully treated with two pulses of oral itraconazole 50 mg/day, each of 1 week duration with an interval of 2 weeks. M...
  33. Elewski B. Tinea capitis: a current perspective. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000;42:1-20; quiz 21-4 pubmed
    During the past 50 years, the predominant etiologic agent of tinea capitis in the United States and in Western Europe has changed from Microsporum audouinii to Trichophyton tonsurans...
  34. Jha B, Garg V, Agrawal S, Khanal B, Agarwalla A. Tinea capitis in eastern Nepal. Int J Dermatol. 2006;45:100-2 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is an increasing public health concern throughout the world. The clinical types and etiological agents vary from time to time and place to place...
  35. Bassiri Jahromi S, Khaksar A. Aetiological agents of tinea capitis in Tehran (Iran). Mycoses. 2006;49:65-7 pubmed
    A total of 1568 patients with suspected tinea capitis were examined for causative fungal agents between 1994 and 2001. Laboratory examination confirmed tinea capitis in 209 patients. Males were affected more frequently (67...
  36. Gupta A, Summerbell R. Tinea capitis. Med Mycol. 2000;38:255-87 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a common dermatophyte infection of the scalp in children. Dermatophytes are classified into three genera; tinea capitis is caused predominantly by Trichophyton or Microsporum species...
  37. Ravenscroft J, Goodfield M, Evans E. Trichophyton tonsurans tinea capitis and tinea corporis: treatment and follow-up of four affected family members. Pediatr Dermatol. 2000;17:407-9 pubmed
    ..ages 2 years and 6 months, simultaneously infected with the dermatophyte Trichophyton tonsurans, causing tinea capitis and tinea corporis in the children and tinea corporis in the parents...
  38. Gupta A, Cooper E, Bowen J. Meta-analysis: griseofulvin efficacy in the treatment of tinea capitis. J Drugs Dermatol. 2008;7:369-72 pubmed
    ..A meta-analysis of clinical trials of griseofulvin use in tinea capitis was performed to determine mean griseofulvin efficacy. A review of the literature identified 7 studies...
  39. Coloe J, Diab M, Moennich J, Diab D, Pawaskar M, Balkrishnan R, et al. Tinea capitis among children in the Columbus area, Ohio, USA. Mycoses. 2010;53:158-62 pubmed publisher
    b>Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the hair follicles of the scalp. In the US, the most common organisms have traditionally been Trichophyton tonsurans, and occasionally Microsporum canis...
  40. Triviño Duran L, Torres Rodriguez J, Martinez Roig A, Cortina C, Belver V, Perez Gonzalez M, et al. Prevalence of tinea capitis and tinea pedis in Barcelona schoolchildren. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005;24:137-41 pubmed
    ..There are no prior data on the prevalence of tinea capitis and tinea pedis in Barcelona, Spain...
  41. Devliotou Panagiotidou D, Koussidou Eremondi T. Efficacy and tolerability of 8 weeks' treatment with terbinafine in children with tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis: a comparison of three doses. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2004;18:155-9 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis caused by Microsporum canis is the most common mycosis of the scalp in preschool and school-aged children in Greece.
  42. Dastghaib L, Azizzadeh M, Jafari P. Therapeutic options for the treatment of tinea capitis: griseofulvin versus fluconazole. J Dermatolog Treat. 2005;16:43-6 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a relatively common fungal infection of childhood. Griseofulvin has been the mainstay of treatment for many years. However, newer oral antifungal agents are being used more frequently.
  43. Singal A, Rawat S, Bhattacharya S, Mohanty S, Baruah M. Clinico-myocological profile of tinea capitis in North India and response to griseofulvin. J Dermatol. 2001;28:22-6 pubmed
    There is a paucity of literature on tinea capitis from North India. The response to griseofulvin has not been studied as well...
  44. Gupta A, Adam P, Dlova N, Lynde C, Hofstader S, Morar N, et al. Therapeutic options for the treatment of tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton species: griseofulvin versus the new oral antifungal agents, terbinafine, itraconazole, and fluconazole. Pediatr Dermatol. 2001;18:433-8 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a relatively common fungal infection of childhood. Griseofulvin has been the mainstay of management. However, newer oral antifungal agents are being used more frequently...
  45. Romano C, Gianni C, Papini M. Tinea capitis in infants less than 1 year of age. Pediatr Dermatol. 2001;18:465-8 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is the most frequent manifestation of dermatophyte infection in children, but because it is rare in the first months of life it is often misdiagnosed...
  46. Caceres Rios H, Rueda M, Ballona R, Bustamante B. Comparison of terbinafine and griseofulvin in the treatment of tinea capitis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000;42:80-4 pubmed
    Griseofulvin has been used for many years in the treatment of tinea capitis. Increase in resistance to this medication has led to a search for new therapeutic alternatives.
  47. Grover C, Arora P, Manchanda V. Tinea capitis in the pediatric population: a study from North India. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2010;76:527-32 pubmed publisher
    b>Tinea capitis (TC) is a common superficial fungal infection seen predominantly in children. The etiological factors vary from one region to the other...
  48. Ginter Hanselmayer G, Weger W, Ilkit M, Smolle J. Epidemiology of tinea capitis in Europe: current state and changing patterns. Mycoses. 2007;50 Suppl 2:6-13 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis (scalp ringworm) is the most common dermatophyte infection of the scalp affecting mainly children and rarely adults. The epidemiology of tinea capitis varies within different geographical areas throughout the world...
  49. Razzaq Adel A, Sultan A, Basmiah A, Aftab A, Nabel N. Prevalence of tinea capitis in southern Kuwait. Mycoses. 2007;50:317-20 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis of the scalp, an infection caused by dermatophytes, produces a significant health problem especially among school children. The object of this study was to highlight the prevalence of tinea capitis in southern Kuwait...
  50. Thoma Greber E, Zenker S, Rocken M, Wolff H, Korting H. Surgical treatment of tinea capitis in childhood. Mycoses. 2003;46:351-4 pubmed
  51. Fuller L, Smith C, Cerio R, Marsden R, Midgley G, Beard A, et al. A randomized comparison of 4 weeks of terbinafine vs. 8 weeks of griseofulvin for the treatment of tinea capitis. Br J Dermatol. 2001;144:321-7 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a common childhood infection that has recently become more frequent in urban areas in Europe and the U.S.A...
  52. Fleece D, Gaughan J, Aronoff S. Griseofulvin versus terbinafine in the treatment of tinea capitis: a meta-analysis of randomized, clinical trials. Pediatrics. 2004;114:1312-5 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis, a common pediatric infection in the United States, is caused mainly by Trichophyton species and affects many urban children...
  53. Chen C, Koch L, Dice J, Dempsey K, Moskowitz A, Barnes Eley M, et al. A randomized, double-blind study comparing the efficacy of selenium sulfide shampoo 1% and ciclopirox shampoo 1% as adjunctive treatments for tinea capitis in children. Pediatr Dermatol. 2010;27:459-62 pubmed publisher
    ..to compare the efficacy of selenium sulfide shampoo 1% and ciclopirox shampoo 1% as adjunctive treatments for tinea capitis in children...
  54. Gupta A, Solomon R, Adam P. Itraconazole oral solution for the treatment of tinea capitis. Br J Dermatol. 1998;139:104-6 pubmed
    ..years, weight range 10-40 kg) were treated with itraconazole oral solution 10 mg/mL given as pulse therapy for tinea capitis. The dosage regimen was 3 mg/kg per day given once daily in a fasting state with each pulse lasting 1 week...
  55. Abdel Rahman S, Herron J, Fallon Friedlander S, Hauffe S, Horowitz A, Riviere G. Pharmacokinetics of terbinafine in young children treated for tinea capitis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005;24:886-91 pubmed
    ..This investigation was designed to evaluate the single dose and steady state pharmacokinetics of terbinafine in young children with tinea capitis.
  56. Dragos V, Lunder M. Lack of efficacy of 6-week treatment with oral terbinafine for tinea capitis due to Microsporum canis in children. Pediatr Dermatol. 1997;14:46-8 pubmed
    Twenty-two children aged 2 to 9 years with noninflammatory tinea capitis due to Microsporum canis were evaluated in an open clinical pilot study run from January 1994 to July 1995...
  57. Arenas R, Toussaint S, Isa Isa R. Kerion and dermatophytic granuloma. Mycological and histopathological findings in 19 children with inflammatory tinea capitis of the scalp. Int J Dermatol. 2006;45:215-9 pubmed
    Inflammatory tinea capitis or kerion is the result of a hypersensitivity reaction to a dermatophytic infection. Majocchi's granuloma, in contrast, usually begins as a suppurative folliculitis and culminates in a granulomatous reaction.
  58. Mseddi M, Bouassida S, Marrekchi S, Khemakhem M, Gargouri N, Turki H, et al. [Basal cell carcinoma of the scalp after radiation therapy for tinea capitis: 33 patients]. Cancer Radiother. 2004;8:270-3 pubmed
    Occurrence of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) following radiotherapy for tinea capitis is well known. The aim of this study was to specify the clinical and histological features of these BCC seen in 33 patients (1995-2000)...
  59. Gupta A, Ryder J, Nicol K, Cooper E. Superficial fungal infections: an update on pityriasis versicolor, seborrheic dermatitis, tinea capitis, and onychomycosis. Clin Dermatol. 2003;21:417-25 pubmed
    The recent advances in pityriasis versicolor, seborrheic dermatitis, tinea capitis and onychomycosis are reviewed...
  60. Friedlander S, Aly R, Krafchik B, Blumer J, Honig P, Stewart D, et al. Terbinafine in the treatment of Trichophyton tinea capitis: a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, duration-finding study. Pediatrics. 2002;109:602-7 pubmed
    Terbinafine has been shown to be effective in tinea capitis, using different treatment durations. However, no direct comparison of treatment duration has previously been investigated...
  61. Ayaya S, Kamar K, Kakai R. Aetiology of tinea capitis in school children. East Afr Med J. 2001;78:531-5 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is a superficial fungal infection of the scalp and hair of the head which is common in children aged between two and eleven years...
  62. Chen B, Friedlander S. Tinea capitis update: a continuing conflict with an old adversary. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2001;13:331-5 pubmed
    Infection with tinea capitis in childhood is a common, age-old problem that continues to plague patients and their families...
  63. Bennett M, Fleischer A, Loveless J, Feldman S. Oral griseofulvin remains the treatment of choice for tinea capitis in children. Pediatr Dermatol. 2000;17:304-9 pubmed
    b>Tinea capitis is one of the most common infections of children. The standard treatment is griseofulvin...
  64. Sadetzki S, Chetrit A, Freedman L, Stovall M, Modan B, Novikov I. Long-term follow-up for brain tumor development after childhood exposure to ionizing radiation for tinea capitis. Radiat Res. 2005;163:424-32 pubmed
    ..The study population included 10,834 individuals who were treated for tinea capitis with X rays in the 1950s and two matched nonirradiated groups, comprising population and sibling comparison ..