emerging communicable diseases


Summary: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.

Top Publications

  1. Parrish C, Holmes E, Morens D, Park E, Burke D, Calisher C, et al. Cross-species virus transmission and the emergence of new epidemic diseases. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2008;72:457-70 pubmed publisher
  2. Barnett E, Walker P. Role of immigrants and migrants in emerging infectious diseases. Med Clin North Am. 2008;92:1447-58, xi-xii pubmed publisher
    ..The emphasis of the article is on immigrant and migrant populations entering North America; the role of travelers in emerging infectious diseases is addressed in another article in this issue...
  3. Karagiannis I, Schimmer B, van Lier A, Timen A, Schneeberger P, van Rotterdam B, et al. Investigation of a Q fever outbreak in a rural area of The Netherlands. Epidemiol Infect. 2009;137:1283-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Information leaflets were distributed on a large scale to ruminant farms, including hygiene measures to reduce the risk of spread between animals and to humans...
  4. Olson S, Gangnon R, Elguero E, Durieux L, Guégan J, Foley J, et al. Links between climate, malaria, and wetlands in the Amazon Basin. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:659-62 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that areas of the Amazon Basin with few wetlands show a variable relationship between precipitation and malaria, while areas with extensive wetlands show a negative relationship with malaria incidence...
  5. Pavlin B, Schloegel L, Daszak P. Risk of importing zoonotic diseases through wildlife trade, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1721-6 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings demonstrate the myriad opportunities for zoonotic pathogens to be imported and suggest that, to ensure public safety, immediate proactive changes are needed at multiple levels...
  6. Song J, Moon S, Gu S, Song K, Baek L, Kim H, et al. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in 4 US soldiers, South Korea, 2005. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1833-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Epidemiologic investigations specified the ecology of possible sites of patient infection...
  7. Fyfe M, Macdougall L, Romney M, Starr M, Pearce M, Mak S, et al. Cryptococcus gattii infections on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada: emergence of a tropical fungus in a temperate environment. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2008;34:1-12 pubmed
    ..Cryptococcus gattii causes disease among immunocompetent individuals in the tropics and subtropics. We document the appearance of C. gattii infections on Vancouver Island (VI), a temperate region, and discuss reasons for this emergence...
  8. Hoberg E, Polley L, Jenkins E, Kutz S. Pathogens of domestic and free-ranging ungulates: global climate change in temperate to boreal latitudes across North America. Rev Sci Tech. 2008;27:511-28 pubmed
    ..Predictive modelling and risk assessment utilising a range of scenarios for climate change is a final step in this multidisciplinary process...
  9. Pistone T, Ezzedine K, Schuffenecker I, Receveur M, Malvy D. An imported case of Chikungunya fever from Madagascar: use of the sentinel traveller for detecting emerging arboviral infections in tropical and European countries. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2009;7:52-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This report highlights the need for surveillance in countries where such emerging infections could be introduced by returning travellers...

More Information

Publications117 found, 100 shown here

  1. Mendes M, Moraes M, Renoiner E, Dantas M, Lanzieri T, Fonseca C, et al. Acute conjunctivitis with episcleritis and anterior uveitis linked to adiaspiromycosis and freshwater sponges, Amazon region, Brazil, 2005. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:633-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Symptomatic children responded to corticosteroid treatment. Adiaspiromycosis is a preventable cause of ocular disease in the Amazon region...
  2. Nobrega A, Garcia M, Tatto E, Obara M, Costa E, Sobel J, et al. Oral transmission of Chagas disease by consumption of açaí palm fruit, Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:653-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Eleven occurred in Barcarena and were confirmed by visualization of parasites on blood smears. Using cohort and case-control studies, we implicated oral transmission by consumption of açaí palm fruit...
  3. Carme B, Matheus S, Donutil G, Raulin O, Nacher M, Morvan J. Concurrent dengue and malaria in Cayenne Hospital, French Guiana. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:668-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Diagnosis of 1 of these 2 infections should not rule out testing for the other infection...
  4. MacPherson D, Gushulak B, Baine W, Bala S, Gubbins P, Holtom P, et al. Population mobility, globalization, and antimicrobial drug resistance. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1727-32 pubmed
    ..We propose an approach to global public health risk management that integrates population factors with effective and timely application of policies and processes...
  5. Forshey B, Morrison A, Cruz C, Rocha C, Vilcarromero S, Guevara C, et al. Dengue virus serotype 4, northeastern Peru, 2008. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1815-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of 2008 and 2009 isolates support their inclusion into DENV-4 genotype II, forming a lineage distinct from strains that had previously circulated in the region...
  6. Chen L, Wilson M. The role of the traveler in emerging infections and magnitude of travel. Med Clin North Am. 2008;92:1409-32, xi pubmed publisher
    ..Studying illnesses in travelers is a source of knowledge into diseases of resource-poor regions and the control of these diseases. Travel-associated illnesses also serve to detect emerging infections...
  7. Vasilakis N, Weaver S. The history and evolution of human dengue emergence. Adv Virus Res. 2008;72:1-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Sustained urban vector control programs and/or human vaccination will be required to control DEN because the enzootic vectors and primate reservoir hosts are not amenable to interventions...
  8. Deardorff E, Forrester N, Travassos Da Rosa A, Estrada Franco J, Navarro Lopez R, Tesh R, et al. Experimental infection of potential reservoir hosts with Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, Mexico. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:519-25 pubmed publisher
  9. Nascimento M, Sumita L, Souza V, Weiss H, Oliveira J, Mascheretti M, et al. Seroprevalence of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and other serologic markers in the Brazilian Amazon. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:663-7 pubmed publisher
    ..High KSHV seroprevalence in children and inverse association with herpes simplex virus type 2 indicates predominant nonsexual transmission among Amerindians...
  10. Chen L, Wilson M, Davis X, Loutan L, Schwartz E, Keystone J, et al. Illness in long-term travelers visiting GeoSentinel clinics. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1773-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results can help prioritize screening for and diagnosis of illness in long-term travelers and provide evidence-based pretravel advice...
  11. Ma J, van den Driessche P. Case fatality proportion. Bull Math Biol. 2008;70:118-33 pubmed
    ..The derived expressions for case fatality can be used to estimate the disease induced death rates from more readily available data...
  12. Sourisseau M, Schilte C, Casartelli N, Trouillet C, Guivel Benhassine F, Rudnicka D, et al. Characterization of reemerging chikungunya virus. PLoS Pathog. 2007;3:e89 pubmed
    ..CHIKV was highly sensitive to the antiviral activity of type I and II interferons. These results provide a general insight into the interaction between CHIKV and its mammalian host...
  13. Greenberg D, Porcella S, Zelazny A, Virtaneva K, Sturdevant D, Kupko J, et al. Genome sequence analysis of the emerging human pathogenic acetic acid bacterium Granulibacter bethesdensis. J Bacteriol. 2007;189:8727-36 pubmed
    ..G. bethesdensis is a genetically diverse emerging human pathogen that may have recently acquired virulence factors new to this family of organisms...
  14. Daszak P, Epstein J, Kilpatrick A, Aguirre A, Karesh W, Cunningham A. Collaborative research approaches to the role of wildlife in zoonotic disease emergence. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2007;315:463-75 pubmed
    ..We demonstrate how studies on the underlying drivers of disease emergence (bushmeat hunting, wildlife trade, and deforestation) can provide ways to model, predict, and ultimately prevent zoonotic disease emergence and spread...
  15. Rand P, Lacombe E, Dearborn R, Cahill B, Elias S, Lubelczyk C, et al. Passive surveillance in Maine, an area emergent for tick-borne diseases. J Med Entomol. 2007;44:1118-29 pubmed
    ..This study demonstrates the usefulness and potential of tick identification programs...
  16. Gurley E, Montgomery J, Hossain M, Bell M, Azad A, Islam M, et al. Person-to-person transmission of Nipah virus in a Bangladeshi community. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1031-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Capacity for person-to-person transmission increases the potential for wider spread of this highly lethal pathogen and highlights the need for infection control strategies for resource-poor settings...
  17. Jones K, Patel N, Levy M, Storeygard A, Balk D, Gittleman J, et al. Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature. 2008;451:990-3 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that global resources to counter disease emergence are poorly allocated, with the majority of the scientific and surveillance effort focused on countries from where the next important EID is least likely to originate...
  18. Sturtevant J, Anema A, Brownstein J. The new International Health Regulations: considerations for global public health surveillance. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2007;1:117-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors review some practical challenges such as inadequate surveillance and reporting infrastructure, and legal enforcement and maintenance of individual human rights...
  19. Sissoko D, Malvy D, Giry C, Delmas G, Paquet C, Gabrie P, et al. Outbreak of Chikungunya fever in Mayotte, Comoros archipelago, 2005-2006. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102:780-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This first emergence of CHIK fever in Mayotte lead to a very large outbreak. Efforts to strengthen surveillance and prevention of arbovirus infection are needed at country and regional levels...
  20. Pichichero M, Casey J. Emergence of a multiresistant serotype 19A pneumococcal strain not included in the 7-valent conjugate vaccine as an otopathogen in children. JAMA. 2007;298:1772-8 pubmed
    ..Concern has been raised about the possible emergence of a bacterial strain that is untreatable by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved antibiotics and that causes acute otitis media (AOM) in children...
  21. Gayer M, Legros D, Formenty P, Connolly M. Conflict and emerging infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1625-31 pubmed publisher
    ..This article outlines factors that potentiate emergence and transmission of infectious diseases in conflict situations and highlights several priority actions for their containment and control...
  22. Hoberg E, Polley L, Jenkins E, Kutz S, Veitch A, Elkin B. Integrated approaches and empirical models for investigation of parasitic diseases in northern wildlife. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:10-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Such integrative approaches serve as cornerstones for detection, prediction, and potential mitigation of emerging infectious diseases in wildlife and persons in the North and elsewhere under a changing global climate...
  23. Parkinson A, Bruce M, Zulz T. International Circumpolar Surveillance, an Arctic network for the surveillance of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:18-24 pubmed publisher
  24. Duncan C, Backus L, Lynn T, Powers B, Salman M. Passive, opportunistic wildlife disease surveillance in the Rocky Mountain Region, USA. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2008;55:308-14 pubmed publisher
  25. Alvarez E, Stchigel A, Cano J, Sutton D, Fothergill A, Chander J, et al. Molecular phylogenetic diversity of the emerging mucoralean fungus Apophysomyces: proposal of three new species. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2010;27:80-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These species failed to assimilate esculin, whereas A. elegans was able to assimilate that glycoside. Amphotericin B and posaconazole are the most active in vitro drugs against Apophysomyces. ..
  26. Peleg A, Seifert H, Paterson D. Acinetobacter baumannii: emergence of a successful pathogen. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008;21:538-82 pubmed publisher
  27. Jarvis W, Sinkowitz Cochran R. Emerging healthcare-associated problem pathogens in the United States. Postgrad Med. 2001;109:3-9 pubmed publisher
  28. Stramer S, Hollinger F, Katz L, Kleinman S, Metzel P, Gregory K, et al. Emerging infectious disease agents and their potential threat to transfusion safety. Transfusion. 2009;49 Suppl 2:1S-29S pubmed publisher
    ..The information is expected to support the needs of clinicians and transfusion medicine experts in the recognition and management of emerging infections among blood donors and blood recipients. ..
  29. Shah L, Macdougall L, Ellis A, Ong C, Shyng S, Leblanc L. Challenges of investigating community outbreaks of cyclosporiasis, British Columbia, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1286-8 pubmed publisher
  30. Wang X, Xiao M, Kong F, Sintchenko V, Wang H, Wang B, et al. Reverse line blot hybridization and DNA sequencing studies of the 16S-23S rRNA gene intergenic spacer regions of five emerging pathogenic Nocardia species. J Med Microbiol. 2010;59:548-55 pubmed publisher
    ..More detailed studies of the polymorphism within the ITS locus may further advance our capacity to reliably identify and subtype medically important Nocardia species. ..
  31. Mundt C, Sackett K, Wallace L, Cowger C, Dudley J. Aerial dispersal and multiple-scale spread of epidemic disease. Ecohealth. 2009;6:546-52 pubmed publisher
  32. Hoskisson P, Trevors J. Shifting trends in pathogen dynamics on a changing planet. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2010;98:423-7 pubmed publisher
  33. Morgan D, Kirkbride H, Hewitt K, Said B, Walsh A. Assessing the risk from emerging infections. Epidemiol Infect. 2009;137:1521-30 pubmed publisher
    ..A formal risk assessment of this nature should be considered for any new or emerging infection in humans or animals, unless there is good evidence that the infection is neither a recognized human disease nor a potential zoonosis. ..
  34. Tao X, Tang Q, Li H, Mo Z, Zhang H, Wang D, et al. Molecular epidemiology of rabies in Southern People's Republic of China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1192-8 pubmed publisher
  35. Brogdon W, McAllister J. Insecticide resistance and vector control. J Agromedicine. 2004;9:329-45 pubmed
    ..We describe the mechanisms of insecticide resistance, as well as specific instances of resistance emergence worldwide, and discuss prospects for resistance management and priorities for detection and surveillance. ..
  36. Feng Y, Pan X, Sun W, Wang C, Zhang H, Li X, et al. Streptococcus suis enolase functions as a protective antigen displayed on the bacterial cell surface. J Infect Dis. 2009;200:1583-92 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that S. suis enolase functions as a protective antigen displayed on the bacterial cell surface and that it can be used to develop new strategies to combat SS2 infections. ..
  37. Sousa A, Pearson R. Drought, smallpox, and emergence of Leishmania braziliensis in northeastern Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:916-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The absence of an animal reservoir in Ceará, apart from dogs, supports the hypothesis. The spread of HIV/AIDS into the region and the possibility of concurrent cutaneous leishmaniasis raise the possibility of future problems. ..
  38. Develoux M, Lescure F, Jaureguiberry S, Jeannel D, Elghouzzi M, Gay F, et al. [Emergence of Chagas' disease in Europe: description of the first cases observed in Latin American immigrants in mainland France]. Med Trop (Mars). 2010;70:38-42 pubmed
    ..Based on these findings, the main priorities for management imported Chagas' disease in France are improvement of serological diagnosis and prevention of vertical transmission. ..
  39. Dominguez Punaro M, Segura M, Contreras I, Lachance C, Houde M, Lecours M, et al. In vitro characterization of the microglial inflammatory response to Streptococcus suis, an important emerging zoonotic agent of meningitis. Infect Immun. 2010;78:5074-85 pubmed publisher
    ..These results contribute to increase the knowledge of mechanisms underlying S. suis inflammation in the brain and will be useful in designing more efficient anti-inflammatory strategies for meningitis. ..
  40. Dorny P, Praet N, Deckers N, Gabriel S. Emerging food-borne parasites. Vet Parasitol. 2009;163:196-206 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, there is an urgent need for better monitoring and control of food-borne parasites using new technologies. ..
  41. Khan M, Bass D. Viral infections: new and emerging. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2010;26:26-30 pubmed publisher
  42. Janda J, Abbott S. The genus Aeromonas: taxonomy, pathogenicity, and infection. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2010;23:35-73 pubmed publisher
    ..This article provides an extensive review of these topics, in addition to others, such as taxonomic issues, microbial pathogenicity, and antimicrobial resistance markers...
  43. Wasiluk A. [Alariosis--newly diagnosed trematodiasis]. Wiad Parazytol. 2009;55:349-52 pubmed
    ..Alariosis is an emerging parasitic disease, difficult in diagnosis and requiring exclusion of other diseases. No serological test for diagnosis of alariosis are available. ..
  44. Cecchi G, Ilemobade A, Le Brun Y, Hogerwerf L, Slingenbergh J. Agro-ecological features of the introduction and spread of the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in northern Nigeria. Geospat Health. 2008;3:7-16 pubmed
  45. Capua I, Alexander D. Avian influenza infection in birds: a challenge and opportunity for the poultry veterinarian. Poult Sci. 2009;88:842-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To date, control methods seem to have been unsuccessful on the larger scale, and HPAI H5N1 outbreaks continue to be reported. ..
  46. Dhole T, Ayyagari A, Chowdhary R, Shakya A, Shrivastav N, Datta T, et al. Non-polio enteroviruses in acute flaccid paralysis children of India: vital assessment before polio eradication. J Paediatr Child Health. 2009;45:409-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Wild polio cases declined because of intensive oral polio vaccine immunization. As we approach global eradication of poliovirus (PV), NPEV causing acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) are equal cause of concern...
  47. Traineau R, ElGhouzzi M, Bierling P. [Update on infectious risks associated with blood products]. Rev Prat. 2009;59:86-9 pubmed
    ..Pathogen inactivation have been implemented for plasma, are expected to become available for platelets, but for red blood cells are only in development. ..
  48. Ippolito G, Fusco F, Di Caro A, Nisii C, Pompa M, Thinus G, et al. Facing the threat of highly infectious diseases in Europe: the need for a networking approach. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009;15:706-10 pubmed publisher
  49. Hunsperger E, McElroy K, Bessoff K, Colón C, Barrera R, Munoz Jordan J. West Nile virus from blood donors, vertebrates, and mosquitoes, Puerto Rico, 2007. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1298-300 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the 4 isolates suggests a recent introduction of lineage I WNV that is closely related to WNV currently circulating in North America. ..
  50. Chen Y, Chang S, Tsai K, Lin F. Certainties and uncertainties facing emerging respiratory infectious diseases: lessons from SARS. J Formos Med Assoc. 2008;107:432-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein, we relate our perspective on useful lessons derived from a review of the SARS epidemic that may be useful to physicians, especially when looking ahead to the next epidemic. ..
  51. Tattevin P. [Infectious meningoencephalitis in non-immunocompromised adult: state of the art]. Rev Med Interne. 2009;30:125-34 pubmed publisher
    ..We also have to be prepared for changes, as the recent emergence of four agents of encephalitis reminded us (West Nile, Nipah, Hendra and Japanese encephalitis). ..
  52. Khanna M, Kumar P, Choudhary K, Kumar B, Vijayan V. Emerging influenza virus: a global threat. J Biosci. 2008;33:475-82 pubmed
    ..This review addresses the biological and epidemiological aspects of influenza virus and efforts to have a control on the virus globally. ..
  53. Gopalan S, Das A. Household economic impact of an emerging disease in terms of catastrophic out-of-pocket health care expenditure and loss of productivity: investigation of an outbreak of chikungunya in Orissa, India. J Vector Borne Dis. 2009;46:57-64 pubmed
  54. Arzt J, White W, Thomsen B, Brown C. Agricultural diseases on the move early in the third millennium. Vet Pathol. 2010;47:15-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, veterinary practitioners and investigators are advised to not only maintain vigilance against the staple disease threats but to always be sufficiently broad-minded to expect the unexpected...
  55. Osnas E, Dobson A. Evolution of virulence when transmission occurs before disease. Biol Lett. 2010;6:505-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This model predicts that ESS virulence is highly dependent on the timing of transmission and pathology after infection; thus, pathogen evolution may either increase or decrease virulence after emergence in a new host. ..
  56. Beyrer C, Baral S, Walker D, Wirtz A, Johns B, Sifakis F. The expanding epidemics of HIV type 1 among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries: diversity and consistency. Epidemiol Rev. 2010;32:137-51 pubmed publisher
    ..This scenario-based categorization of HIV epidemics among MSM may assist public health agencies and civil societies to develop and implement better-targeted HIV prevention programs and interventions. ..
  57. Agee B, Gimbel R. Assessing the legal and ethical preparedness of master of public health graduates. Am J Public Health. 2009;99:1505-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Most MPH graduates report being prepared to address public health challenges. Additional research is necessary to improve techniques for measuring preparedness. ..
  58. Hunter C, Petrosyan M, Ford H, Prasadarao N. Enterobacter sakazakii: an emerging pathogen in infants and neonates. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2008;9:533-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Appropriate measures by parents, infant formula manufacturers, and health care providers, as well as understanding of the pathogenesis, are important in the prevention of ES-related infections. ..
  59. Barboza P, Tarantola A, Lassel L, Mollet T, Quatresous I, Paquet C. [Emerging viral infections in South East Asia and the Pacific region]. Med Mal Infect. 2008;38:513-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Nipah virus strikes regularly with limited but deadly epidemics in Southeast Asia. Finally, infections by lyssaviruses, Kunjin, Murray Valley, or Zika viruses were also reviewed. ..
  60. Malacrida F, Hegglin D, Bacciarini L, Otranto D, Nageli F, Nägeli C, et al. Emergence of canine ocular Thelaziosis caused by Thelazia callipaeda in southern Switzerland. Vet Parasitol. 2008;157:321-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Young and small sized dogs were significantly less involved than large animals and over 3 years of age. The results indicate that thelaziosis is endemic in that area...
  61. Pallin D, Espinola J, LEUNG D, Hooper D, Camargo C. Epidemiology of dermatitis and skin infections in United States physicians' offices, 1993-2005. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;49:901-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The rate of office visits for dermatitis or SSTI did not increase from 1993 through 2005. Dermatitis was associated with SSTI. This association did not strengthen as community-associated MRSA became prevalent. ..
  62. Warren A, Bell M, Budd L. Airports, localities and disease: representations of global travel during the H1N1 pandemic. Health Place. 2010;16:727-35 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude by highlighting how the global spread of infectious diseases is grounded in particular localities associated with distinctive notions of biosecurity and the traveller. ..
  63. Hensley L, Mulangu S, Asiedu C, Johnson J, Honko A, Stanley D, et al. Demonstration of cross-protective vaccine immunity against an emerging pathogenic Ebolavirus Species. PLoS Pathog. 2010;6:e1000904 pubmed publisher
  64. Hassan M, Pani S, Peng N, Voralu K, Vijayalakshmi N, Mehanderkar R, et al. Incidence, risk factors and clinical epidemiology of melioidosis: a complex socio-ecological emerging infectious disease in the Alor Setar region of Kedah, Malaysia. BMC Infect Dis. 2010;10:302 pubmed publisher
    ..The burden of this disease is likely to grow in this region unless better informed interventions targeted at high-risk groups and associated diseases are urgently implemented. ..
  65. Wang Y, You S, Li B, Zhao J, He J, Rong Y, et al. [Primary application of identification-aided system for diagnosis and differential diagnosis of emerging infectious diseases]. Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi. 2008;22:362-3 pubmed
    ..7%; the suggestive rate of first three diagnoses was 77.9%, and that of first five diagnoses was 85.4%. The system can accurately suggest impossible diagnosis and differential diagnosis, and be useful for our medical work. ..
  66. Gale P, Brouwer A, Ramnial V, Kelly L, Kosmider R, Fooks A, et al. Assessing the impact of climate change on vector-borne viruses in the EU through the elicitation of expert opinion. Epidemiol Infect. 2010;138:214-25 pubmed publisher
    ..This work will facilitate identification of appropriate risk management options in relation to adaptations to climate change. ..
  67. Wilson M. Travel and the emergence of infectious diseases. J Agromedicine. 2004;9:161-77 pubmed
  68. Sueker J, Chretien J, Gaydos J, Russell K. Global Infectious Disease Surveillance at DoD Overseas Laboratories, 1999-2007. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82:23-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Areas for further program strengthening are identified. ..
  69. O Toole D. Monitoring and investigating natural disease by veterinary pathologists in diagnostic laboratories. Vet Pathol. 2010;47:40-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Diagnostic pathologists catalyzed the process. The neosporosis investigation in California suggests useful attributes of veterinary diagnostic laboratories that pursue emerging diseases identified through routine laboratory accessions. ..
  70. Puechmaille S, Verdeyroux P, Fuller H, Gouilh M, Bekaert M, Teeling E. White-nose syndrome fungus (Geomyces destructans) in bat, France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010;16:290-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This disease and fungus had been restricted to the northeastern United States. We detected this fungus in a bat in France and assessed the implications of this finding. ..
  71. Polgreen P, Septimus E, Parry M, Beekmann S, Cavanaugh J, Srinivasan A, et al. Relationship of influenza vaccination declination statements and influenza vaccination rates for healthcare workers in 22 US hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008;29:675-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In most hospitals, there were no negative consequences for healthcare workers who refused to sign the forms, and most policies were implemented along with other interventions designed to increase vaccination rates. ..
  72. Moro P, Schantz P. Echinococcosis: a review. Int J Infect Dis. 2009;13:125-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite some progress in the control of echinococcosis, this zoonosis continues to be a major public health problem in several countries, and in several others it constitutes an emerging and re-emerging disease. ..
  73. Sabido M, Benzaken A, de Andrade Rodrigues E, Mayaud P. Rapid point-of-care diagnostic test for syphilis in high-risk populations, Manaus, Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:647-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Use of this test could considerably alleviate the impact of syphilis in hard-to-reach populations in the Amazon region of Brazil. ..
  74. Seleem M, Boyle S, Sriranganathan N. Brucellosis: a re-emerging zoonosis. Vet Microbiol. 2010;140:392-8 pubmed publisher
    ..When the incidence of brucellosis is controlled in the animal reservoirs, there is a corresponding and significant decline in the incidence in humans. ..
  75. Saravu K, Mukhopadhyay C, Vishwanath S, Valsalan R, Docherla M, Vandana K, et al. Melioidosis in southern India: epidemiological and clinical profile. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2010;41:401-9 pubmed
    ..The study suggests that melioidosis is an emerging infectious disease in the southwestern coastal belt of India, and it is likely to happen at much higher incidence. ..
  76. Monge Maíllo B, Jiménez B, Pérez Molina J, Norman F, Navarro M, Pérez Ayala A, et al. Imported infectious diseases in mobile populations, Spain. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1745-52 pubmed publisher
    ..2%]), intestinal parasites (242 [11.0%]), and malaria (212 [9.6%]). Health screening of immigrant populations is needed to ensure early diagnosis and treatment of potentially transmissible infections. ..
  77. Nietfeld J. Field necropsy techniques and proper specimen submission for investigation of emerging infectious diseases of food animals. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2010;26:1-13, table of contents pubmed publisher
  78. Laaksonen S, Pusenius J, Kumpula J, Venäläinen A, Kortet R, Oksanen A, et al. Climate change promotes the emergence of serious disease outbreaks of filarioid nematodes. Ecohealth. 2010;7:7-13 pubmed publisher
  79. Brodzinski H, Ruddy R. Review of new and newly discovered respiratory tract viruses in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2009;25:352-60; quiz 361-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This review serves to focus on some of the recent literature on these agents and the clinical impact they have on pediatric lung infection...
  80. Albalak R. From biological anthropology to applied public health: epidemiological approaches to the study of infectious disease. Am J Hum Biol. 2009;21:687-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Their unique role in national infectious disease work, including their links to anthropology, shared elements, key differences, strengths and challenges, is discussed...
  81. D Ortenzio E, Sissoko D, Dehecq J, Renault P, Filleul L. Malaria imported into Réunion Island: is there a risk of re-emergence of the disease?. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010;104:251-4 pubmed publisher
    ..A special preventive program and social mobilisation should be a priority, essentially for the Comorian community in Réunion...
  82. Krziwanek K, Metz Gercek S, Mittermayer H. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 from human patients, upper Austria. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:766-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined 1,098 confirmed MRSA samples from human patients and found that 21 were MRSA ST398. Most (16) patients were farmers. Increasing prevalence from 1.3% (2006) to 2.5% (2008) shows emergence of MRSA ST398 in humans in Austria...
  83. Nguyen N, Le B, Wang D. Serologic evidence of frequent human infection with WU and KI polyomaviruses. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1199-205 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate that both KIPyV and WUPyV cause widespread infection in the human population...
  84. Broza Y, Danin Poleg Y, Lerner L, Valinsky L, Broza M, Kashi Y. Epidemiologic study of Vibrio vulnificus infections by using variable number tandem repeats. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1282-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Simple-sequence repeats proved to be a useful epidemiologic tool, providing information on the environmental source of the pathogen...
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    ..Because the USA300 clone is highly transmissible and virulent, surveillance of the USA300 clone is needed...
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