vibrio infections

Summary

Summary: Infections with bacteria of the genus VIBRIO.

Top Publications

  1. Ottaviani D, Leoni F, Rocchegiani E, Canonico C, Potenziani S, Santarelli S, et al. Vibrio parahaemolyticus-associated gastroenteritis in Italy: persistent occurrence of O3:K6 pandemic clone and emergence of O1:KUT serotype. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010;66:452-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We underline the recurrent presence of O3:K6 pandemic clone and the emergence of trh-positive O1:KUT serotype in Italy...
  2. Okada N, Matsuda S, Matsuyama J, Park K, de Los Reyes C, Kogure K, et al. Presence of genes for type III secretion system 2 in Vibrio mimicus strains. BMC Microbiol. 2010;10:302 pubmed publisher
    ..cholerae non-O1/non-O139 serogroup strains. However, whether T3SS2-related genes are present in other Vibrio species remains unclear...
  3. Paranjpye R, Hamel O, Stojanovski A, Liermann M. Genetic diversity of clinical and environmental Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains from the Pacific Northwest. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:8631-8 pubmed publisher
  4. Hou C, Lai C, Liu W, Chao C, Chiu Y, Hsueh P. Clinical manifestation and prognostic factors of non-cholerae Vibrio infections. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011;30:819-24 pubmed publisher
    ..This epidemiological study helps physicians to better understand the clinical characteristics of infections caused by different non-cholerae Vibrio species...
  5. Zhang L, Krachler A, Broberg C, Li Y, Mirzaei H, Gilpin C, et al. Type III effector VopC mediates invasion for Vibrio species. Cell Rep. 2012;1:453-60 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest a new molecular paradigm for Vibrio pathogenicity and modify our view of the roles of T3SS effectors that are translocated during infection...
  6. Broberg C, Calder T, Orth K. Vibrio parahaemolyticus cell biology and pathogenicity determinants. Microbes Infect. 2011;13:992-1001 pubmed publisher
    ..The following describes the known pathogenicity determinants while establishing the need for continued research...
  7. Ritchie J, Rui H, Zhou X, Iida T, Kodoma T, Ito S, et al. Inflammation and disintegration of intestinal villi in an experimental model for Vibrio parahaemolyticus-induced diarrhea. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002593 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, our findings suggest that V. parahaemolyticus damages the host intestine and elicits disease via previously undescribed processes and mechanisms...
  8. García K, Gavilan R, Höfle M, Martinez Urtaza J, Espejo R. Microevolution of pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus assessed by the number of repeat units in short sequence tandem repeat regions. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e30823 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that proper phylogenetic relations and successful tracing of pandemic V. parahaemolyticus requires measuring the differences between isolates by the absolute number of repeats in the VNTRs considered...
  9. de Lorgeril J, Zenagui R, Rosa R, Piquemal D, Bachere E. Whole transcriptome profiling of successful immune response to Vibrio infections in the oyster Crassostrea gigas by digital gene expression analysis. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e23142 pubmed publisher
    ..gigas immune responsiveness to circumvent Vibrio infections, we have developed the first deep sequencing study of the transcriptome of hemocytes, the immunocompetent ..

More Information

Publications78

  1. Chao G, Jiao X, Zhou X, Wang F, Yang Z, Huang J, et al. Distribution of genes encoding four pathogenicity islands (VPaIs), T6SS, biofilm, and type I pilus in food and clinical strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in China. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010;7:649-58 pubmed publisher
    ..VPaI-6 and biofilm-associated genes were harbored by almost all the strains, irrespective of their pandemic, pathogenic, or nonpathogenic traits...
  2. Haldar S, Maharajan A, Chatterjee S, Hunter S, Chowdhury N, Hinenoya A, et al. Identification of Vibrio harveyi as a causative bacterium for a tail rot disease of sea bream Sparus aurata from research hatchery in Malta. Microbiol Res. 2010;165:639-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Although V. harveyi was reported to be an important pathogen for many aquatic organisms, to our knowledge this might be the first report of disease caused by V. harveyi and their systematic study in the sea bream hatchery from Malta...
  3. Matsumoto K, Ohshige K, Fujita N, Tomita Y, Mitsumizo S, Nakashima M, et al. Clinical features of Vibrio vulnificus infections in the coastal areas of the Ariake Sea, Japan. J Infect Chemother. 2010;16:272-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The prognosis of this disease is poor, because septic shock and necrotizing fasciitis often develop within a few days. Early diagnosis and treatment are needed to improve the prognosis of V. vulnificus infection...
  4. Weis K, Hammond R, Hutchinson R, Blackmore C. Vibrio illness in Florida, 1998-2007. Epidemiol Infect. 2011;139:591-8 pubmed publisher
    This study characterized the current epidemiology of vibrio infections in Florida and examined cases reported from 1998 to 2007. Logistic regression was used to determine risk of death...
  5. Gonzalez Escalona N, Strain E, De Jesús A, Jones J, DePaola A. Genome sequence of the clinical O4:K12 serotype Vibrio parahaemolyticus strain 10329. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:3405-6 pubmed publisher
    ..It contains the virulence determinants tdh and trh but appears to infect at much lower doses than V. parahaemolyticus strains with these same determinants from other areas, such as the U.S. Gulf and Atlantic coasts...
  6. Chowdhury G, Pazhani G, Nair G, Ghosh A, Ramamurthy T. Transferable plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in association with extended-spectrum ?-lactamases and fluoroquinolone-acetylating aminoglycoside-6'-N-acetyltransferase in clinical isolates of Vibrio fluvialis. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2011;38:169-73 pubmed publisher
    ..qnrA1 along with aac(6')-Ib-cr and bla(CTX-M-3) genes on a mobile plasmid may spread to other bacterial species that are under the selective pressure of fluoroquinolones and ?-lactam antimicrobials in this region...
  7. D Alvise P, Lillebø S, Prol Garcia M, Wergeland H, Nielsen K, Bergh Ø, et al. Phaeobacter gallaeciensis reduces Vibrio anguillarum in cultures of microalgae and rotifers, and prevents vibriosis in cod larvae. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43996 pubmed publisher
    ..It is concluded that P. gallaeciensis is a promising probiont in marine larviculture and that TDA production likely contributes to its probiotic effect...
  8. Liu M, Rose M, Crosa J. Homodimerization and binding of specific domains to the target DNA are essential requirements for HlyU to regulate expression of the virulence gene rtxA1, encoding the repeat-in-toxin protein in the human pathogen Vibrio vulnificus. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:6895-901 pubmed publisher
    ..We also determined that HlyU homodimer formation is an essential requirement for binding to the upstream region of the rtxA1 operon and is the key feature in relieving the H-NS repression of rtxA1 transcription...
  9. Zhou X, Gewurz B, Ritchie J, Takasaki K, Greenfeld H, Kieff E, et al. A Vibrio parahaemolyticus T3SS effector mediates pathogenesis by independently enabling intestinal colonization and inhibiting TAK1 activation. Cell Rep. 2013;3:1690-702 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, our findings suggest that VopZ's inhibition of TAK1 is critical for V. parahaemolyticus to induce diarrhea and intestinal pathology...
  10. Turner J, Paranjpye R, Landis E, Biryukov S, Gonzalez Escalona N, Nilsson W, et al. Population structure of clinical and environmental Vibrio parahaemolyticus from the Pacific Northwest coast of the United States. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55726 pubmed publisher
    ..It is evident that V. parahaemolyticus population structure in the Pacific Northwest is semi-clonal and it would appear that multiple sequence types are contributing to the burden of disease in this region...
  11. Lo H, Lin J, Chen Y, Chen C, Shao C, Lai Y, et al. RTX toxin enhances the survival of Vibrio vulnificus during infection by protecting the organism from phagocytosis. J Infect Dis. 2011;203:1866-74 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that the RTX of V. vulnificus is required for bacterial survival during infection by protecting the organism from phagocytosis...
  12. Ottaviani D, Leoni F, Rocchegiani E, Mioni R, Costa A, Virgilio S, et al. An extensive investigation into the prevalence and the genetic and serological diversity of toxigenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Italian marine coastal waters. Environ Microbiol. 2013;15:1377-86 pubmed publisher
    ..parahaemolyticus is an emerging public health concern in Italy, regardless of its pandemic potential...
  13. Velazquez Roman J, Leon Sicairos N, Flores Villaseñor H, Villafaña Rauda S, Canizalez Roman A. Association of pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3:K6 present in the coastal environment of Northwest Mexico with cases of recurrent diarrhea between 2004 and 2010. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:1794-803 pubmed publisher
  14. Rosa R, Santini A, Fievet J, Bulet P, Destoumieux Garzón D, Bachere E. Big defensins, a diverse family of antimicrobial peptides that follows different patterns of expression in hemocytes of the oyster Crassostrea gigas. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e25594 pubmed publisher
    ..While big defensin sequences have been reported in various mollusk species, few studies have been devoted to their sequence diversity, gene organization and their expression in response to microbial infections...
  15. Rosa R, de Lorgeril J, Tailliez P, Bruno R, Piquemal D, Bachere E. A hemocyte gene expression signature correlated with predictive capacity of oysters to survive Vibrio infections. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:252 pubmed publisher
    ..In this context, we used high-throughput genomic approaches to identify genetic traits that may characterize inherent survival capacities in C. gigas...
  16. Piñeyro P, Zhou X, Orfe L, Friel P, Lahmers K, Call D. Development of two animal models to study the function of Vibrio parahaemolyticus type III secretion systems. Infect Immun. 2010;78:4551-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The two models introduced herein produce robust results and provide a means to determine how different T3SS1 and T3SS2 effector proteins contribute to pathogenesis of V. parahaemolyticus infection...
  17. Theethakaew C, Feil E, Castillo Ramírez S, Aanensen D, Suthienkul O, Neil D, et al. Genetic relationships of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates from clinical, human carrier, and environmental sources in Thailand, determined by multilocus sequence analysis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013;79:2358-70 pubmed publisher
  18. Higa N, Toma C, Koizumi Y, Nakasone N, Nohara T, Masumoto J, et al. Vibrio parahaemolyticus effector proteins suppress inflammasome activation by interfering with host autophagy signaling. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9:e1003142 pubmed publisher
    ..VopQ and VopS interfere with the assembly of specks in infected macrophages. These data suggest that bacterial effectors interfere with inflammasome activation and contribute to bacterial evasion from the host inflammatory responses...
  19. Sandlund N, Rødseth O, Knappskog D, Fiksdal I, Bergh Ø. Comparative susceptibility of turbot, halibut, and cod yolk-sac larvae to challenge with Vibrio spp. Dis Aquat Organ. 2010;89:29-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The O2beta strain did not cause an increased mortality to halibut and turbot...
  20. Caburlotto G, Lleo M, Hilton T, Huq A, Colwell R, Kaper J. Effect on human cells of environmental Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains carrying type III secretion system 2. Infect Immun. 2010;78:3280-7 pubmed publisher
    ..On the basis of data presented here, environmental V. parahaemolyticus strains should be included in coastal water surveillance plans, as they may represent a risk for human health...
  21. Ham H, Orth K. The role of type III secretion system 2 in Vibrio parahaemolyticus pathogenicity. J Microbiol. 2012;50:719-25 pubmed publisher
    ..This review on recent findings for T3SS2 of V. parahaemolyticus highlights a novel mechanism of invasion that appears to be conserved by other marine bacteria...
  22. Mikkelsen H, Lund V, Larsen R, Seppola M. Vibriosis vaccines based on various sero-subgroups of Vibrio anguillarum O2 induce specific protection in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) juveniles. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;30:330-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, in groups vaccinated against V. anguillarum sero-subgroups O2b or O2, IL-12p40 and IFN? gene expression were slightly increased 3 and 55 days post vaccination, respectively...
  23. Ottaviani D, Leoni F, Serra R, Serracca L, Decastelli L, Rocchegiani E, et al. Nontoxigenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains causing acute gastroenteritis. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:4141-3 pubmed publisher
    ..We emphasize that nontoxigenic V. parahaemolyticus can induce acute gastroenteritis, highlighting the need for more investigation of the pathogenicity of this microorganism...
  24. Kwak J, Jeong H, Satchell K. Vibrio vulnificus rtxA1 gene recombination generates toxin variants with altered potency during intestinal infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:1645-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This finding would imply further that in the future on-going genetic variation of the MARTX(Vv) toxins could result in the emergence of novel strains with altered virulence in humans...
  25. Newton A, Kendall M, Vugia D, Henao O, Mahon B. Increasing rates of vibriosis in the United States, 1996-2010: review of surveillance data from 2 systems. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54 Suppl 5:S391-5 pubmed publisher
    ..COVIS conducts passive surveillance and FoodNet conducts active surveillance for laboratory-confirmed Vibrio infections. We summarized Vibrio infections (excluding toxigenic V...
  26. Caburlotto G, Gennari M, Ghidini V, Tafi M, Lleo M. Serological and molecular characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus marine strains carrying pandemic genetic markers. ISME J. 2010;4:1071-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The presence, in strains isolated from the marine environment, of genetic pandemic markers and virulence genes normally associated with clinical isolates proves that marine strains might constitute a public health concern...
  27. Frans I, Michiels C, Bossier P, Willems K, Lievens B, Rediers H. Vibrio anguillarum as a fish pathogen: virulence factors, diagnosis and prevention. J Fish Dis. 2011;34:643-61 pubmed publisher
    ..This review summarizes the current state of knowledge pertaining to V. anguillarum, focusing on pathogenesis, known virulence factors, diagnosis, prevention and treatment...
  28. Gavilan R, Zamudio M, Martinez Urtaza J. Molecular epidemiology and genetic variation of pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Peru. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7:e2210 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, the results of this study stress the importance of population admixture, horizontal genetic transfer and homologous recombination as major events shaping the structure and diversity of pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus...
  29. Caburlotto G, Lleo M, Gennari M, Balboa S, Romalde J. The use of multiple typing methods allows a more accurate molecular characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated from the Italian Adriatic Sea. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2011;77:611-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of multiple typing methods allowed a more accurate characterization of the environmental strain genetic profiles and the identification of clones hardly revealed through common techniques...
  30. Ruangsri J, Salger S, Caipang C, Kiron V, Fernandes J. Differential expression and biological activity of two piscidin paralogues and a novel splice variant in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2012;32:396-406 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the two pis paralogues have undergone structural diversification and it is likely that they play multifunctional roles in Atlantic cod...
  31. Yu Y, Hu W, Wu B, Zhang P, Chen J, Wang S, et al. Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates from southeastern Chinese coast are genetically diverse with circulation of clonal complex 3 strains since 2002. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2011;8:1169-76 pubmed publisher
  32. Whitaker W, Parent M, Boyd A, Richards G, Boyd E. The Vibrio parahaemolyticus ToxRS regulator is required for stress tolerance and colonization in a novel orogastric streptomycin-induced adult murine model. Infect Immun. 2012;80:1834-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the defect in stress tolerance and colonization in ?toxRS is solely due to OmpU. To our knowledge, the orogastric adult murine model reported here is the first showing sustained intestinal colonization by V. parahaemolyticus...
  33. Jones J, Lüdeke C, Bowers J, Garrett N, Fischer M, Parsons M, et al. Biochemical, serological, and virulence characterization of clinical and oyster Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:2343-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings raise concerns about the reliability of the tdh, trh, and T3SS genes as virulence markers and highlight the need for more-detailed pathogenicity investigations of V. parahaemolyticus...
  34. Burdette D, Seemann J, Orth K. Vibrio VopQ induces PI3-kinase-independent autophagy and antagonizes phagocytosis. Mol Microbiol. 2009;73:639-49 pubmed publisher
    ..parahaemolyticus during infection. These data provide important insights into the mechanism used by V. parahaemolyticus to cause disease. ..
  35. Balcázar J, Gallo Bueno A, Planas M, Pintado J. Isolation of Vibrio alginolyticus and Vibrio splendidus from captive-bred seahorses with disease symptoms. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2010;97:207-10 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first time that these bacterial species have been associated with disease symptoms in captive-bred seahorses. ..
  36. Kim Y, Lee S, Kook H, Yeom J, Na H, Kim S, et al. Vibrio vulnificus RTX toxin kills host cells only after contact of the bacteria with host cells. Cell Microbiol. 2008;10:848-62 pubmed
    ..Overall, these results show that the RtxA1 toxin is a multifunctional cytotoxin and plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of V. vulnificus infections. ..
  37. McLaughlin J, DePaola A, Bopp C, Martinek K, Napolilli N, Allison C, et al. Outbreak of Vibrio parahaemolyticus gastroenteritis associated with Alaskan oysters. N Engl J Med. 2005;353:1463-70 pubmed
    ..parahaemolyticus. Rising temperatures of ocean water seem to have contributed to one of the largest known outbreaks of V. parahaemolyticus in the United States. ..
  38. Bisharat N, Cohen D, Harding R, Falush D, Crook D, Peto T, et al. Hybrid Vibrio vulnificus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:30-5 pubmed
    ..This novel observation shows yet another way in which epidemic organisms arise. ..
  39. Igbinosa E, Okoh A. Emerging Vibrio species: an unending threat to public health in developing countries. Res Microbiol. 2008;159:495-506 pubmed publisher
    ..This review underscores the need for a proactive approach to risk factors for emerging Vibrio infections, so as to establish adequate prevention measures.
  40. Austin B, Zhang X. Vibrio harveyi: a significant pathogen of marine vertebrates and invertebrates. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2006;43:119-24 pubmed
  41. Warner E, Oliver J. Population structures of two genotypes of Vibrio vulnificus in oysters (Crassostrea virginica) and seawater. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:80-5 pubmed
    ..Levels of the two genotypes as well as seasonal dynamics within both oyster tissue and the surrounding waters may aid in identifying risk factors associated with human infection. ..
  42. Chowdhury N, Stine O, Morris J, Nair G. Assessment of evolution of pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus by multilocus sequence typing. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:1280-2 pubmed
    ..Our sequence data provide strong molecular support for the clonal origin of pandemic V. parahaemolyticus O3:K6 and suggest that strains within such a clonal group may acquire previously identified serotypes. ..
  43. Lee C, Amaro C, Wu K, Valiente E, Chang Y, Tsai S, et al. A common virulence plasmid in biotype 2 Vibrio vulnificus and its dissemination aided by a conjugal plasmid. J Bacteriol. 2008;190:1638-48 pubmed
    ..An investigation of six other biotype 2 strains for the presence of various plasmid markers revealed that they all harbored the virulence plasmid and four of them possessed the conjugal plasmid in addition...
  44. Koo B, Lee J, Kim S, Yoon H, Kim K, Kwon K, et al. Phospholipase A as a potent virulence factor of Vibrio vulnificus. Int J Mol Med. 2007;20:913-8 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that PLA activity is important in V. vulnificus-induced cytotoxicity and lethality, suggesting a crucial role for PLA in the pathogenesis of V. vulnificus infection. ..
  45. Xie Z, Hu C, Zhang L, Chen C, Ren C, Shen Q. Identification and pathogenicity of Vibrio ponticus affecting cultured Japanese sea bass, Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes). Lett Appl Microbiol. 2007;45:62-7 pubmed
    ..UPPCR-DGGE is very helpful in epidemiologic investigation. Interestingly, this is the first report that V. ponticus infects cultured marine fish. DGGE was likewise first introduced to epidemiologic investigation of fish disease. ..
  46. Porsby C, Nielsen K, Gram L. Phaeobacter and Ruegeria species of the Roseobacter clade colonize separate niches in a Danish Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)-rearing farm and antagonize Vibrio anguillarum under different growth conditions. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:7356-64 pubmed publisher
    ..displayed antibacterial activity under a broader range of growth conditions than did Phaeobacter strain 27-4, these organisms may hold greater promise as fish probiotic organisms...
  47. Ralph A, Currie B. Vibrio vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus necrotising fasciitis in fishermen visiting an estuarine tropical northern Australian location. J Infect. 2007;54:e111-4 pubmed
    ..Underlying risk factors were identified in each patient; in one instance, previously unrecognised haemochromatosis was diagnosed. Likely reasons for Vibrio occurrence in this particular ecological niche are discussed. ..
  48. Sung Y, Dhaene T, Defoirdt T, Boon N, MacRae T, Sorgeloos P, et al. Ingestion of bacteria overproducing DnaK attenuates Vibrio infection of Artemia franciscana larvae. Cell Stress Chaperones. 2009;14:603-9 pubmed publisher
    ..campbellii via immune stimulation, a possibility of significance from a fundamental perspective and also because it could be applied in aquaculture, a major method of food production. ..
  49. Han F, Pu S, Hou A, Ge B. Characterization of clinical and environmental types of Vibrio vulnificus isolates from Louisiana oysters. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2009;6:1251-8 pubmed publisher
    ..vulnificus. The study also highlighted the need to identify unique virulence markers in this organism, which could facilitate future screening of virulent V. vulnificus strains from oysters. ..
  50. Cabello F, Espejo R, Hernandez M, Rioseco M, Ulloa J, Vergara J. Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3:K6 epidemic diarrhea, Chile, 2005. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:655-6 pubmed
  51. Sanjuan E, Fouz B, Oliver J, Amaro C. Evaluation of genotypic and phenotypic methods to distinguish clinical from environmental Vibrio vulnificus strains. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:1604-13 pubmed publisher
    ..vulnificus, which suggests that new typing methodologies useful for public health have to be developed for this species...
  52. Cabrera García M, Vazquez Salinas C, Quinones Ramirez E. Serologic and molecular characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated from seawater and fish products of the Gulf of Mexico. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:6401-6 pubmed
    ..The most frequent serogroup was serogroup O3. This is the first report of the presence of KP-positive tdh-positive environmental V. parahaemolyticus strains in Mexico...
  53. Nishioka T, Kamruzzaman M, Nishibuchi M, Satta Y. On the origin and function of an insertion element VPaI-1 specific to post-1995 pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains. Genes Genet Syst. 2008;83:101-10 pubmed
    ..cholerae virulence gene. Based on these findings, we hypothesized the emergence of pandemicity and discuss the mechanism for how these strains spread throughout the world...
  54. Nair G, Hormazabal J. The Vibrio parahaemolyticus pandemic. Rev Chilena Infectol. 2005;22:125-30 pubmed
  55. Gonzalez Escalona N, Martinez Urtaza J, Romero J, Espejo R, Jaykus L, DePaola A. Determination of molecular phylogenetics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains by multilocus sequence typing. J Bacteriol. 2008;190:2831-40 pubmed publisher
    ..8:1 by allele and site, respectively. Application of this MLST scheme to more V. parahaemolyticus strains and by different laboratories will facilitate production of a global picture of the epidemiology and evolution of this pathogen...
  56. Quilici M, Robert Pillot A, Picart J, Fournier J. Pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3:K6 spread, France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1148-9 pubmed
  57. Haq S, Dayal H. Chronic liver disease and consumption of raw oysters: a potentially lethal combination--a review of Vibrio vulnificus septicemia. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005;100:1195-9 pubmed
    ..vulnificus must be utilized...
  58. Oishi H, Ura Y, Mitsumizo S, Nakashima M. [A collective review of Vibrio vulnificus infection in Japan]. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. 2006;80:680-9 pubmed
    ..It is also highly recommended that patients with preexisting liver dysfunction avoid raw fish and limit exposure to marine water during the summer...
  59. Tsai Y, Hsu R, Huang T, Hsu W, Huang K, Li Y, et al. Necrotizing soft-tissue infections and sepsis caused by Vibrio vulnificus compared with those caused by Aeromonas species. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89:631-6 pubmed
  60. Tsai Y, Hsu R, Huang K, Chen C, Cheng C, Peng K, et al. Systemic Vibrio infection presenting as necrotizing fasciitis and sepsis. A series of thirteen cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004;86-A:2497-502 pubmed
    ..The purposes of the present report were to describe a series of patients who had this potentially lethal infection and to identify clinical features associated with a poor prognosis...
  61. Thompson F, Iida T, Swings J. Biodiversity of vibrios. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2004;68:403-31, table of contents pubmed
    ..g., microarrays will facilitate the investigation of the gene repertoire at the species level. Based on such new genomic information, the taxonomy and the species concept for vibrios will be reviewed in the next years...
  62. Chiang S, Tang H, Chang P, Cheng K, Ko W, Chen C, et al. Synergistic antimicrobial effect of cefotaxime and minocycline on proinflammatory cytokine levels in a murine model of Vibrio vulnificus infection. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2007;40:123-33 pubmed
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of cefotaxime and minocycline on proinflammatory cytokine levels in a murine model of V. vulnificus infection...
  63. Kuo Y, Shieh S, Chiu H, Lee J. Necrotizing fasciitis caused by Vibrio vulnificus: epidemiology, clinical findings, treatment and prevention. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007;26:785-92 pubmed
    ..vulnificus infection should be made, especially in patients presenting with atypical clinical findings. Early fasciotomy within 24 h remains the highest priority and decreases the mortality rate...
  64. Liverman A, Cheng H, Trosky J, Leung D, Yarbrough M, Burdette D, et al. Arp2/3-independent assembly of actin by Vibrio type III effector VopL. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:17117-22 pubmed
    ..Vibrio VopL is predicted to be a bacterial virulence factor that disrupts actin homeostasis during an enteric infection of the host...
  65. Inoue Y, Ono T, Matsui T, Miyasaka J, Kinoshita Y, Ihn H. Epidemiological survey of Vibrio vulnificus infection in Japan between 1999 and 2003. J Dermatol. 2008;35:129-39 pubmed publisher
    ..1%) suffered from liver cancer. The incidence of V. vulnificus infection was different according to districts. Geographic and climatic factors also contributed to the occurrence of V. vulnificus infection...
  66. Ansaruzzaman M, Lucas M, Deen J, Bhuiyan N, Wang X, Safa A, et al. Pandemic serovars (O3:K6 and O4:K68) of Vibrio parahaemolyticus associated with diarrhea in Mozambique: spread of the pandemic into the African continent. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:2559-62 pubmed
    ..This is the first report of the isolation of pandemic strains of V. parahaemolyticus in sub-Saharan Africa and clearly indicates that the pandemic of V. parahaemolyticus has spread into the African continent...
  67. Broza Y, Danin Poleg Y, Lerner L, Broza M, Kashi Y. Vibrio vulnificus typing based on simple sequence repeats: insights into the biotype 3 group. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45:2951-9 pubmed
    ..vulnificus and may be used as an efficient tool in epidemiological studies...
  68. Colodner R, Raz R, Meir I, Lazarovich T, Lerner L, Kopelowitz J, et al. Identification of the emerging pathogen Vibrio vulnificus biotype 3 by commercially available phenotypic methods. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:4137-40 pubmed
    ..Data on the phenotypic pattern of V. vulnificus biotype 3 when processed in all five systems as presented here could help clinical laboratories in identifying this new pathogen...
  69. Chowdhury A, Ishibashi M, Thiem V, Tuyet D, Tung T, Chien B, et al. Emergence and serovar transition of Vibrio parahaemolyticus pandemic strains isolated during a diarrhea outbreak in Vietnam between 1997 and 1999. Microbiol Immunol. 2004;48:319-27 pubmed
    ..It was clear that a transition of major serovars occurred among the pandemic strains represented by the emergence of O3: K6 in 1997, O4: K68 in 1998, and O1: K25 in 1998 and 1999...