mycoplasma infections

Summary

Summary: Infections with species of the genus MYCOPLASMA.

Top Publications

  1. Maggi R, Compton S, Trull C, Mascarelli P, Mozayeni B, Breitschwerdt E. Infection with hemotropic Mycoplasma species in patients with or without extensive arthropod or animal contact. J Clin Microbiol. 2013;51:3237-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Historical exposure to animals and arthropod vectors that can harbor hemotropic Mycoplasma spp. should be considered during epidemiological investigations and in the evaluation of individual patients. ..
  2. Messick J, Santos A. Identification, bioinformatics analyses, and expression of immunoreactive antigens of Mycoplasma haemofelis. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2011;18:1275-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Five antigens of M. haemofelis were reactive by Western blotting against the immune plasma and negative against nonimmune plasma; these antigens might be useful serologic or even vaccine targets...
  3. Nouvel L, Marenda M, Glew M, Sagné E, Giammarinaro P, Tardy F, et al. Molecular typing of Mycoplasma agalactiae: tracing European-wide genetic diversity and an endemic clonal population. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012;35:487-96 pubmed publisher
    ..agalactiae. This indicates that the re-emergence of the pathogen after seemingly successful eradication programs is not due to the importation of exotic strains, but to the persistence of local reservoirs of infection...
  4. Watanabe Y, Fujihara M, Suzuki J, Sasaoka F, Nagai K, Harasawa R. Prevalence of swine hemoplasmas revealed by real-time PCR using 16S rRNA gene primers. J Vet Med Sci. 2012;74:1315-8 pubmed
    ..0%) were positive for M. suis and 18 (15.0%) were positive for M. parvum, and three (2.5%) were mixed infection by both hemoplasma species...
  5. Righter D, Rurangirwa F, Call D, McElwain T. Development of a bead-based multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of multiple Mycoplasma species. Vet Microbiol. 2011;153:246-56 pubmed publisher
  6. Hopfe M, Dahlmanns T, Henrich B. In Mycoplasma hominis the OppA-mediated cytoadhesion depends on its ATPase activity. BMC Microbiol. 2011;11:185 pubmed publisher
  7. Lysnyansky I, Gerchman I, Mikula I, Gobbo F, Catania S, Levisohn S. Molecular characterization of acquired enrofloxacin resistance in Mycoplasma synoviae field isolates. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013;57:3072-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on results of vlhA molecular typing, several mechanisms for emergence and dissemination of Israeli enrofloxacin-resistant M. synoviae isolates are suggested...
  8. Shahid M, Ghorashi S, Agnew Crumpton R, Markham P, Marenda M, Noormohammadi A. Combination of differential growth at two different temperatures with a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to determine temperature-sensitive phenotype of Mycoplasma synoviae. Avian Pathol. 2013;42:185-91 pubmed publisher
    ..synoviae strains/isolates...
  9. Tagawa M, Takeuchi T, Fujisawa T, Konno Y, Yamamoto S, Matsumoto K, et al. A clinical case of severe anemia in a sheep coinfected with Mycoplasma ovis and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemovis' in Hokkaido, Japan. J Vet Med Sci. 2012;74:99-102 pubmed
    ..0%) sheep introduced from a domestic farm in Hokkaido, and in 1 of 16 (6.3%) sheep from an epidemiologically unrelated ranch. It is the first clinical case of sheep to confirm coinfection of these pathogens in Japan...

More Information

Publications72

  1. Waites K, Xiao L, Paralanov V, Viscardi R, Glass J. Molecular methods for the detection of Mycoplasma and ureaplasma infections in humans: a paper from the 2011 William Beaumont Hospital Symposium on molecular pathology. J Mol Diagn. 2012;14:437-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This review provides a summary and critical review of methods suitable for detection and characterization of mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas of humans, with emphasis on molecular genotypic techniques...
  2. Novacco M, Boretti F, Wolf Jäckel G, Riond B, Meli M, Willi B, et al. Chronic "Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis" infection. Vet Res. 2011;42:59 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results enhance the knowledge of "Candidatus M. turicensis" infection pathogenesis and are clinically relevant to the prognosis of hemoplasma-infected cats...
  3. Tagawa M, Ybañez A, Matsumoto K, Yokoyama N, Inokuma H. Prevalence and risk factor analysis of bovine hemoplasma infection by direct PCR in Eastern Hokkaido, Japan. J Vet Med Sci. 2012;74:1171-6 pubmed
    ..Bovine leukemia virus infection status was not significantly associated with hemoplasma infections. Blood examination revealed significantly lower RBC, Hb, and PCV levels, and a higher MCV in infected cattle than in noninfected cattle...
  4. Jenkins K, Dittmer K, Marshall J, Tasker S. Prevalence and risk factor analysis of feline haemoplasma infection in New Zealand domestic cats using a real-time PCR assay. J Feline Med Surg. 2013;15:1063-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report of CMt in New Zealand. ..
  5. Mardassi B, Aissani N, Moalla I, Dhahri D, Dridi A, Mlik B. Evidence for the predominance of a single tet(M) gene sequence type in tetracycline-resistant Ureaplasma parvum and Mycoplasma hominis isolates from Tunisian patients. J Med Microbiol. 2012;61:1254-61 pubmed publisher
    ..and by phylogenetically distinct isolates within these species, one could reasonably argue that it may have benefited from an efficient horizontal transfer context, making it highly competent to spread...
  6. Taylor Robinson D, Jensen J. Mycoplasma genitalium: from Chrysalis to multicolored butterfly. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2011;24:498-514 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, aspects of the antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance of M. genitalium, together with the treatment and possible prevention of mycoplasmal disease, are discussed...
  7. Gesink D, Mulvad G, Montgomery Andersen R, Poppel U, Montgomery Andersen S, Binzer A, et al. Mycoplasma genitalium presence, resistance and epidemiology in Greenland. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2012;71:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Greenland reports the highest rates of chlamydial infection and gonorrhea in the Arctic. Our objective was to determine the presence, and describe the basic epidemiology, of Mycoplasma genitalium for Greenland...
  8. Grazziotin A, Santos A, Guimaraes A, Mohamed A, Cubas Z, de Oliveira M, et al. Mycoplasma ovis in captive cervids: prevalence, molecular characterization and phylogeny. Vet Microbiol. 2011;152:415-9 pubmed publisher
    ..ovis and only 89.4% identity to the 23S rRNA gene of the fawn's M. ovis. This is the first report of M. ovis in captive South American deer, revealing a high prevalence of hemoplasma infection in these animals...
  9. Wolf Jäckel G, Cattori V, Geret C, Novacco M, Meli M, Riond B, et al. Quantification of the humoral immune response and hemoplasma blood and tissue loads in cats coinfected with 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' and feline leukemia virus. Microb Pathog. 2012;53:74-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The tissue loads appeared to correlate with the duration of infection and with the blood loads, but no evidence of significant CMhm tissue sequestration was found...
  10. Dusanic D, Bencina D, Oven I, Cizelj I, Bencina M, Narat M. Mycoplasma synoviae induces upregulation of apoptotic genes, secretion of nitric oxide and appearance of an apoptotic phenotype in infected chicken chondrocytes. Vet Res. 2012;43:7 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, the study gives new insights into the role of mycoplasma infection on chondrocyte biology and development of infectious arthritis in chickens and potentially in humans...
  11. Korman R, Ceron J, Knowles T, Barker E, Eckersall P, Tasker S. Acute phase response to Mycoplasma haemofelis and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' infection in FIV-infected and non-FIV-infected cats. Vet J. 2012;193:433-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Both Mhf and CMhm infections were associated with an APR, with Mhf infection inducing a greater response. Chronic FIV infection appeared to modify the APR, which varied with the infecting Haemoplasma species...
  12. Santos A, Guimaraes A, do Nascimento N, SanMiguel P, Martin S, Messick J. Genome of Mycoplasma haemofelis, unraveling its strategies for survival and persistence. Vet Res. 2011;42:102 pubmed publisher
    ..haemofelis infection. Further, it will provide new insights into its pathogenicity and clues needed to formulate media to support the in vitro cultivation of M. haemofelis...
  13. Cazanave C, Charron A, Renaudin H, Bebear C. Method comparison for molecular typing of French and Tunisian Mycoplasma genitalium-positive specimens. J Med Microbiol. 2012;61:500-6 pubmed publisher
    ..genitalium infection...
  14. Ogino S, Munakata Y, Ohashi S, Fukui M, Sakamoto H, Sekiya Y, et al. Genotyping of Japanese field isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae and rapid molecular differentiation from the MS-H vaccine strain. Avian Dis. 2011;55:187-94 pubmed
    ..synoviae vaccine strain Mycoplasma synoviae-H (MS-H)...
  15. Maunsell F, Woolums A, Francoz D, Rosenbusch R, Step D, Wilson D, et al. Mycoplasma bovis infections in cattle. J Vet Intern Med. 2011;25:772-83 pubmed publisher
    ..quot; Where other data were lacking, conference proceedings were reviewed as a source of expert opinion...
  16. Felder K, Hoelzle K, Ritzmann M, Kilchling T, Schiele D, Heinritzi K, et al. Hemotrophic mycoplasmas induce programmed cell death in red blood cells. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2011;27:557-64 pubmed publisher
    ..suis is able to induce eryptotic processes it is concluded that eryptosis is one anemia-inducing factor during M. suis infections and, therefore, plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of infectious anemia due to HM infection...
  17. Nicholas R. Bovine mycoplasmosis: silent and deadly. Vet Rec. 2011;168:459-62 pubmed publisher
    ..With this in mind, it is an appropriate time to review our knowledge of cattle diseases caused by mycoplasmas...
  18. Arnal M, Herrero J, de la Fe C, Revilla M, Prada C, Martínez Durán D, et al. Dynamics of an infectious keratoconjunctivitis outbreak by Mycoplasma conjunctivae on Pyrenean Chamois Rupicapra p. pyrenaica. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e61887 pubmed publisher
    ..Long-term monitoring of wild populations provides a basis for understanding the impacts of disease outbreaks and improves management decisions, particularly when species are subject to extractive exploitation...
  19. Hornok S, Micsutka A, Meli M, Lutz H, Hofmann Lehmann R. Molecular investigation of transplacental and vector-borne transmission of bovine haemoplasmas. Vet Microbiol. 2011;152:411-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Regarding their spread by blood-sucking arthropods, new potential vectors were identified, i.e. the horn fly (Haematobia irritans), the stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans) and two species of horse flies (Tabanus bovinus, T. bromius)...
  20. Sato H, Iino N, Ohashi R, Saeki T, Ito T, Saito M, et al. Hypogammaglobulinemic patient with polyarthritis mimicking rheumatoid arthritis finally diagnosed as septic arthritis caused by Mycoplasma hominis. Intern Med. 2012;51:425-9 pubmed
    ..The differential diagnosis of polyarthritis in patients with hypogammaglobulinemia should strictly exclude Mycoplasma infection by culture with special media or longer anaerobic culture, and molecular methods for mycoplasma...
  21. Andres E, Martinez N, Planas A. Expression and characterization of a Mycoplasma genitalium glycosyltransferase in membrane glycolipid biosynthesis: potential target against mycoplasma infections. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:35367-79 pubmed publisher
    ..It is proposed that glycolipid synthases are potential targets for drug discovery against infections by mycoplasmas...
  22. Shahid M, Markham P, Markham J, Marenda M, Noormohammadi A. Mutations in GTP binding protein Obg of Mycoplasma synoviae vaccine strain MS-H: implications in temperature-sensitivity phenotype. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e73954 pubmed publisher
  23. Schreiner S, Sokoli A, Felder K, Wittenbrink M, Schwarzenbach S, Guhl B, et al. The surface-localised ?-enolase of Mycoplasma suis is an adhesion protein. Vet Microbiol. 2012;156:88-95 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, our observations indicate that ?-enolase could be involved in the adhesion of M. suis to porcine red blood cells...
  24. Maggi R, Mascarelli P, Balakrishnan N, Rohde C, Kelly C, Ramaiah L, et al. "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomacaque" and Bartonella quintana bacteremia in cynomolgus monkeys. J Clin Microbiol. 2013;51:1408-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Sequence alignments, evolutionary analysis, and signature nucleotide sequence motifs of the hemotropic Mycoplasma 16S rRNA and RNase P genes indicate the presence of a novel organism...
  25. Twin J, Jensen J, Bradshaw C, Garland S, Fairley C, Min L, et al. Transmission and selection of macrolide resistant Mycoplasma genitalium infections detected by rapid high resolution melt analysis. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e35593 pubmed publisher
  26. Gole V, Chousalkar K, Roberts J. Prevalence of antibodies to Mycoplasma synoviae in laying hens and possible effects on egg shell quality. Prev Vet Med. 2012;106:75-8 pubmed publisher
    ..On the other hand, there was no significant association between serological status for M. synoviae and other egg quality parameters such egg weight, egg shell weight, % egg shell or shell thickness...
  27. Novacco M, Wolf Jäckel G, Riond B, Hofmann Lehmann R. Humoral immune response to a recombinant hemoplasma antigen in experimental 'Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis' infection. Vet Microbiol. 2012;157:464-70 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, the ELISA was found to be a useful tool to investigate the humoral immune response in hemoplasma-infected cats and a desirable addition to PCR to study the pathogenesis of hemoplasma infections...
  28. Barker E, Darby A, Helps C, Peters I, Heesom K, Arthur C, et al. Molecular characterization of the uncultivatable hemotropic bacterium Mycoplasma haemofelis. Vet Res. 2011;42:83 pubmed publisher
    ..A number of immunogenic proteins, and a potential mechanism for host immune system evasion, have been identified...
  29. Compton S, Maggi R, Breitschwerdt E. Candidatus Mycoplasma haematoparvum and Mycoplasma haemocanis infections in dogs from the United States. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012;35:557-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The prevalence of Mhc and CMhp in this study was low; potential blood donors should be screened; and dogs and people can be co-infected with hemoplasma and Bartonella spp...
  30. Suzuki J, Sasaoka F, Fujihara M, Watanabe Y, Tasaki T, Oda S, et al. Molecular identification of `Candidatus Mycoplasma haemovis' in sheep with hemolytic anemia. J Vet Med Sci. 2011;73:1113-5 pubmed
    ..Nucleotide sequences of all the positive samples were identified as the 16S rRNA gene of `Candidatus Mycoplasma haemovis' by phylogenetic analysis, demonstrating the infections with this particular hemoplasma species in Japan...
  31. Pinho L, Thompson G, Rosenbusch R, Carvalheira J. Genotyping of Mycoplasma bovis isolates using multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis. J Microbiol Methods. 2012;88:377-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The molecular typing scheme presented in this study provides a fast, reliable, and cost-effective typing method for surveillance of M. bovis epidemiology...
  32. Tennant K, Barker E, Polizopoulou Z, Helps C, Tasker S. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction detection of haemoplasmas in healthy and unhealthy dogs from Central Macedonia, Greece. J Small Anim Pract. 2011;52:645-9 pubmed publisher
  33. Steer J, Tasker S, Barker E, Jensen J, Mitchell J, Stocki T, et al. A novel hemotropic Mycoplasma (hemoplasma) in a patient with hemolytic anemia and pyrexia. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;53:e147-51 pubmed publisher
    ..A clinical response to doxycyline was noted, and moxifloxacin was added subsequently to aid infection clearance. This represents the first report of hemolysis in association with confirmed hemoplasma infection in a human...
  34. Weinstein S, Stiles B. A review of the epidemiology, diagnosis and evidence-based management of Mycoplasma genitalium. Sex Health. 2011;8:143-58 pubmed publisher
    ..The contrasting nature of existing literature regarding risks of M. genitalium infection emphasises the need for further carefully controlled studies of this emerging pathogen...
  35. Vandepitte J, Muller E, Bukenya J, Nakubulwa S, Kyakuwa N, Buve A, et al. Prevalence and correlates of Mycoplasma genitalium infection among female sex workers in Kampala, Uganda. J Infect Dis. 2012;205:289-96 pubmed publisher
    ..We assessed the prevalence and explored determinants of this emerging sexually transmitted infection (STI) in high-risk women in Uganda...
  36. Boes K, Goncarovs K, Thompson C, Halik L, Santos A, Guimaraes A, et al. Identification of a Mycoplasma ovis-like organism in a herd of farmed white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in rural Indiana. Vet Clin Pathol. 2012;41:77-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The M ovis-like organism may have acted as either an opportunistic or primary pathogen in the fawn. The high occurrence of subclinical infections in the does suggests that white-tailed deer may act as wildlife reservoirs for M ovis...
  37. McGowin C, Anderson Smits C. Mycoplasma genitalium: an emerging cause of sexually transmitted disease in women. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1001324 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, M. genitalium is highly prevalent in high- and low-risk populations, and should be considered an etiologic agent of select reproductive tract disease syndromes in women...
  38. Mavrot F, Vilei E, Marreros N, Signer C, Frey J, Ryser Degiorgis M. Occurrence, quantification, and genotyping of Mycoplasma conjunctivae in wild Caprinae with and without infectious keratoconjunctivitis. J Wildl Dis. 2012;48:619-31 pubmed
    ..We propose that individual or environmental factors influence the clinical expression of the disease and that persistence of M. conjunctivae in populations of wild Caprinae cannot be excluded...
  39. Fujihara Y, Sasaoka F, Suzuki J, Watanabe Y, Fujihara M, Ooshita K, et al. Prevalence of hemoplasma infection among cattle in the western part of Japan. J Vet Med Sci. 2011;73:1653-5 pubmed
    ..We also demonstrated neonatal calves less than three months old affected with hemoplasmas without grazing in summer, suggesting a possibility of vertical transmission...
  40. Rebelo A, Parker L, Cai H. Use of high-resolution melting curve analysis to identify Mycoplasma species commonly isolated from ruminant, avian, and canine samples. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2011;23:932-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The real-time PCR-HRM assay developed was evaluated by testing field isolates of M. bovis, M. arginini, M. bovirhinis, M. bovigenitalium, M. iowae, and M. spumans with results consistent with those of the fluorescent antibody test...
  41. Hoelzle L, Felder K, Hoelzle K. [Porcine eperythrozoonosis: from Eperythrozoon suis to Mycoplasma suis]. Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere. 2011;39:215-20 pubmed
    ..The present article summarizes the current knowledge of the pathogen, the clinical signs and pathogenesis, diagnostic as well as therapy and prophylaxis...
  42. Hancock E, Manhart L, Nelson S, Kerani R, Wroblewski J, Totten P. Comprehensive assessment of sociodemographic and behavioral risk factors for Mycoplasma genitalium infection in women. Sex Transm Dis. 2010;37:777-83 pubmed publisher
    ..gonorrhoeae or C. trachomatis. The predominance of sociodemographic risk factors for M. genitalium, rather than high-risk sexual behaviors, suggests broad-based testing may be the most effective control strategy. ..
  43. Reynolds C, Lappin M. "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum" infections in 21 client-owned cats. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2007;43:249-57 pubmed
    ..Of these cats, anemia resolved in one cat without treatment and in three cats that were treated with doxycycline, with or without prednisone. Results of the study suggest that this hemoplasma species can be a primary pathogen in cats. ..
  44. Haggerty C. Evidence for a role of Mycoplasma genitalium in pelvic inflammatory disease. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2008;21:65-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This review summarizes recent evidence for M. genitalium's role in pelvic inflammatory disease and subsequent sequelae...
  45. Dean R, Helps C, Gruffydd Jones T, Tasker S. Use of real-time PCR to detect Mycoplasma haemofelis and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' in the saliva and salivary glands of haemoplasma-infected cats. J Feline Med Surg. 2008;10:413-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to determine if Mycoplasma haemofelis (Mhf) and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' (CMhm) DNAs could be amplified from saliva and salivary gland samples collected from haemoplasma-infected cats. ..
  46. Bjartling C, Osser S, Persson K. The association between Mycoplasma genitalium and pelvic inflammatory disease after termination of pregnancy. BJOG. 2010;117:361-4 pubmed publisher
    ..29, 95% CI 1.56-25.2). The increased risk for pelvic inflammatory disease associated with M. genitalium infection after termination of pregnancy suggests a causal relationship...
  47. Shigehara K, Kawaguchi S, Sasagawa T, Furubayashi K, Shimamura M, Maeda Y, et al. Prevalence of genital Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, Gardnerella, and human papillomavirus in Japanese men with urethritis, and risk factors for detection of urethral human papillomavirus infection. J Infect Chemother. 2011;17:487-92 pubmed publisher
    ..85 (95% CI 1.49-9.94) and 2.41 (95% CI 1.03-5.61), respectively. It is likely that urethral HPV detection is associated with current sexual activity and the presence of N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis, and/or M. genitalium infections. ..
  48. Carlsen K, Jensen J. Mycoplasma genitalium PCR: does freezing of specimens affect sensitivity?. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:3624-7 pubmed publisher
    ..genitalium DNA load as well as the detection rate decreased after storage. This was more pronounced in clinical specimens stored frozen than in stored DNA extracts, particularly in those with an initial low DNA load. ..
  49. Amores J, Gómez Martín A, Corrales J, Sanchez A, Contreras A, de la Fe C. Presence of contagious agalactia causing mycoplasmas in Spanish goat artificial insemination centres. Theriogenology. 2011;75:1265-70 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings have already prompted efficient measures to detect and avoid the entry of these carriers in Spanish centres. We recommend similar measures for all centres in areas where CA is endemic...
  50. Huppert J, Mortensen J, Reed J, Kahn J, Rich K, Hobbs M. Mycoplasma genitalium detected by transcription-mediated amplification is associated with Chlamydia trachomatis in adolescent women. Sex Transm Dis. 2008;35:250-4 pubmed publisher
  51. Peters I, Helps C, McAuliffe L, Neimark H, Lappin M, Gruffydd Jones T, et al. RNase P RNA gene (rnpB) phylogeny of Hemoplasmas and other Mycoplasma species. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46:1873-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of these sequences showed that all hemoplasmas were present within a single clade and were most closely related to Mycoplasma fastidiosum, similar to the results found with 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. ..
  52. Lusk M, Konecny P, Naing Z, Garden F, Cumming R, Rawlinson W. Mycoplasma genitalium is associated with cervicitis and HIV infection in an urban Australian STI clinic population. Sex Transm Infect. 2011;87:107-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Clinical correlates of MG infection were also assessed...
  53. Messick J, Santos A, Guimaraes A. Complete genome sequences of two hemotropic mycoplasmas, Mycoplasma haemofelis strain Ohio2 and Mycoplasma suis Strain Illinois. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:2068-9 pubmed publisher
    ..suis, respectively, are typical of mycoplasma species, having reduced size and low G+C content (38.8% for M. haemofelis and 31.1% for M. suis). Their metabolic pathways are reduced, with evidence of adaption to the blood environment...
  54. Novacco M, Meli M, Gentilini F, Marsilio F, Ceci C, Pennisi M, et al. Prevalence and geographical distribution of canine hemotropic mycoplasma infections in Mediterranean countries and analysis of risk factors for infection. Vet Microbiol. 2010;142:276-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The climate and living conditions seemed to influence canine hemoplasma prevalence. The clinical importance of canine hemoplasma infections appeared to be low, but the infection stage of the presented dogs was unknown...
  55. Taylor Robinson D, Renton A, Jensen J, Ison C, Filatova E, Dmitriev G, et al. Association of Mycoplasma genitalium with acute non-gonococcal urethritis in Russian men: a comparison with gonococcal and chlamydial urethritis. Int J STD AIDS. 2009;20:234-7 pubmed publisher
    ..genitalium. The data provide evidence for the pathogenicity and frequent occurrence of M. genitalium in men in Moscow and presumably elsewhere in Russia...
  56. Waites K, Crabb D, Duffy L. Comparative in vitro susceptibilities of human mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas to a new investigational ketolide, CEM-101. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009;53:2139-41 pubmed publisher
    ..All isolates, including two macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae isolates, were inhibited by CEM-101 at < or = 0.5 microg/ml, making CEM-101 the most potent compound tested...
  57. Degrange S, Renaudin H, Charron A, Bebear C, Bebear C. Tetracycline resistance in Ureaplasma spp. and Mycoplasma hominis: prevalence in Bordeaux, France, from 1999 to 2002 and description of two tet(M)-positive isolates of M. hominis susceptible to tetracyclines. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2008;52:742-4 pubmed
    ..For M. hominis, we also found an increase in tetracycline resistance and two tet(M)-positive isolates that were susceptible to tetracyclines...
  58. Shil P, Kanci A, Browning G, Marenda M, Noormohammadi A, Markham P. GapA+ Mycoplasma gallisepticum ts-11 has improved vaccine characteristics. Microbiology. 2011;157:1740-9 pubmed publisher
    ..gallisepticum ts-11 vaccine. Thus, GapA(+) M. gallisepticum ts-11 appears to have improved potential as a vaccine candidate...
  59. Vancini R, Benchimol M. Entry and intracellular location of Mycoplasma hominis in Trichomonas vaginalis. Arch Microbiol. 2008;189:7-18 pubmed
  60. Mardassi B, Ayari H, Béjaoui Khiari A, Mlik B, Moalla I, Amouna F. Genetic variability of the P120' surface protein gene of Mycoplasma hominis isolates recovered from Tunisian patients with uro-genital and infertility disorders. BMC Infect Dis. 2007;7:142 pubmed
    ..To get better insight into the evolution of this protein, we analysed the genetic variability of its surface exposed region in 27 M. hominis isolates recovered from the genital tract of Tunisian patients with infertility disorders...
  61. Ritzmann M, Grimm J, Heinritzi K, Hoelzle K, Hoelzle L. Prevalence of Mycoplasma suis in slaughter pigs, with correlation of PCR results to hematological findings. Vet Microbiol. 2009;133:84-91 pubmed publisher
    ..suis in latent carrier animals in view of introducing effective treatment and disease control measures...
  62. Short V, Totten P, Ness R, Astete S, Kelsey S, Haggerty C. Clinical presentation of Mycoplasma genitalium Infection versus Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection among women with pelvic inflammatory disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;48:41-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The characteristics of nongonococcal, nonchlamydial PID have not been well described. Our objective was to examine the characteristics of Mycoplasma genitalium infection among women with clinically suspected PID...
  63. Hammond P, Ramirez A, Morrow C, Bradbury J. Development and evaluation of an improved diagnostic PCR for Mycoplasma synoviae using primers located in the haemagglutinin encoding gene vlhA and its value for strain typing. Vet Microbiol. 2009;136:61-8 pubmed publisher
    ..synoviae. Subsequent DNA sequence analysis of the PCR product based on percent similarity and evolutionary relationship appeared to be a useful tool for strain differentiation...