bartonella infections

Summary

Summary: Infections by the genus BARTONELLA. Bartonella bacilliformis can cause acute febrile anemia, designated Oroya fever, and a benign skin eruption, called verruga peruana. BARTONELLA QUINTANA causes TRENCH FEVER, while BARTONELLA HENSELAE is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY) and is also one of the causes of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.

Top Publications

  1. Henn J, Gabriel M, Kasten R, Brown R, Theis J, Foley J, et al. Gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) as a potential reservoir of a Bartonella clarridgeiae-like bacterium and domestic dogs as part of a sentinel system for surveillance of zoonotic arthropod-borne pathogens in northern California. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45:2411-8 pubmed
    ..Older dogs were more likely to be seroreactive to Bartonella spp. There was no association between the exposure of dogs to Bartonella and the exposure of dogs to A. phagocytophilum in this study...
  2. Jenkins N, Ferguson D, Alp N, Harrison T, Bowler I. Urban trench fever presenting as culture-negative endocarditis. QJM. 2009;102:63-5 pubmed publisher
    ..A diagnosis of infective endocarditis was made before emergency valve replacement. The infective cause was not discovered by routine culture but was suggested by electron microscopy and confirmed by serology and PCR testing...
  3. Del Valle L, Flores L, Vargas M, García de la Guarda R, Quispe R, Ibañez Z, et al. Bartonella bacilliformis, endemic pathogen of the Andean region, is intrinsically resistant to quinolones. Int J Infect Dis. 2010;14:e506-10 pubmed publisher
  4. Vayssier Taussat M, Le Rhun D, Deng H, Biville F, Cescau S, Danchin A, et al. The Trw type IV secretion system of Bartonella mediates host-specific adhesion to erythrocytes. PLoS Pathog. 2010;6:e1000946 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, we show that the laterally acquired Trw T4SS diversified in the Bartonella lineage to facilitate host-restricted adhesion to erythrocytes in a wide range of mammals. ..
  5. Chaloner G, Palmira Ventosilla -, Birtles R. Multi-locus sequence analysis reveals profound genetic diversity among isolates of the human pathogen Bartonella bacilliformis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5:e1248 pubmed publisher
    ..The extent of this divergence was akin to that observed between other members of the Bartonella genus, suggesting that ST8 strains may be better considered as members of a novel Bartonella genospecies...
  6. Kosoy M, Hayman D, Chan K. Bartonella bacteria in nature: where does population variability end and a species start?. Infect Genet Evol. 2012;12:894-904 pubmed publisher
    ..g. Bartonella elizabethae species complex); and (3) clusters of genetically similar strains that combine a number of ecotypes (e.g. Bartonella vinsonii species complex)...
  7. Kosoy M, Mandel E, Green D, Marston E, Jones D, Childs J. Prospective studies of Bartonella of rodents. Part II. Diverse infections in a single rodent community. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2004;4:296-305 pubmed
    ..The temporal course of Bartonella infections could result from a single, persistent, and potentially multi-genogroup/variant infection, during which ..
  8. Marié J, Fournier P, Rolain J, Briolant S, Davoust B, Raoult D. Molecular detection of Bartonella quintana, B. Elizabethae, B. Koehlerae, B. Doshiae, B. Taylorii, and Rickettsia felis in rodent fleas collected in Kabul, Afghanistan. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006;74:436-9 pubmed
    ..These results emphasize the potential risk of flea-borne infections transmitted by rodents in this area, and suggest that preventive measures should be taken in the general framework of zoonoses management...
  9. Cotte V, Bonnet S, Le Rhun D, Le Naour E, Chauvin A, Boulouis H, et al. Transmission of Bartonella henselae by Ixodes ricinus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:1074-80 pubmed publisher
    ..henselae in salivary glands after a second meal, and transmission of viable and infective B. henselae from ticks to blood. These results provide evidence that I. ricinus is a competent vector for B. henselae...

More Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Kabeya H, Colborn J, Bai Y, Lerdthusnee K, Richardson J, Maruyama S, et al. Detection of Bartonella tamiae DNA in ectoparasites from rodents in Thailand and their sequence similarity with bacterial cultures from Thai patients. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2010;10:429-34 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report of the detection of B. tamiae DNA in chigger mites; additional field and experimental investigations are required to determine the role of chigger mites as potential vectors of B. tamiae. ..
  2. Bai Y, Recuenco S, Gilbert A, Osikowicz L, Gomez J, Rupprecht C, et al. Prevalence and diversity of Bartonella spp. in bats in Peru. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;87:518-23 pubmed publisher
    b>Bartonella infections were investigated in bats in the Amazon part of Peru. A total of 112 bats belonging to 19 species were surveyed. Bartonella bacteria were cultured from 24.1% of the bats (27/112)...
  3. Lynch T, Iverson J, Kosoy M. Combining culture techniques for Bartonella: the best of both worlds. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:1363-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we were able to overcome these temperature- and cell-dependent limitations and accommodate all of the strains tested by combining mammalian cell culture-based medium with insect cell culture-based medium. ..
  4. Sytykiewicz H, Karbowiak G, Werszko J, Czerniewicz P, Sprawka I, Mitrus J. Molecular screening for Bartonella henselae and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato co-existence within Ixodes ricinus populations in central and eastern parts of Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012;19:451-6 pubmed
  5. Al Majali A, Al Qudah K. Seroprevalence of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana infections in children from Central and Northern Jordan. Saudi Med J. 2004;25:1664-9 pubmed
    ..To investigate the prevalence of antibodies to Bartonella henselae (B.henselae) and Bartonella quintana (B.quintana) among children from central and northern Jordan...
  6. Massei F, Gori L, Macchia P, Maggiore G. The expanded spectrum of bartonellosis in children. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2005;19:691-711 pubmed
    ..A careful clinical history researching an intimate contact with a kitten associated with a specific serology and an abdominal ultrasound for typical hepatosplenic involvement may follow a rapid and accurate diagnosis. ..
  7. Tsai Y, Chuang S, Chang C, Kass P, Chomel B. Bartonella species in small mammals and their ectoparasites in Taiwan. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;83:917-23 pubmed publisher
    ..tribocorum, B. phoceensis, and B. rattimassiliensis were detected in lice obtained from small mammals. A broader range of Bartonella species was identified in the ectoparasites than in the small mammals...
  8. Knap N, Duh D, Birtles R, Trilar T, Petrovec M, Avsic Zupanc T. Molecular detection of Bartonella species infecting rodents in Slovenia. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2007;50:45-50 pubmed
    ..This analysis demonstrated that the strain is most likely a representative of possible new species within the genus. ..
  9. Maggi R, Kosoy M, Mintzer M, Breitschwerdt E. Isolation of Candidatus Bartonella melophagi from human blood. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:66-8 pubmed publisher
    ..henselae. Partial 16S rRNA, RNA polymerase B, and citrate synthase genes and 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer sequences indicated that human isolates were similar to Candidatus B. melophagi...
  10. Morozova O, Cabello F, Dobrotvorsky A. Semi-nested PCR detection of Bartonella henselae in Ixodes persulcatus ticks from Western Siberia, Russia. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2004;4:306-9 pubmed
    ..The proportion of ticks infected with Bartonella spp. was 44% in 2002 (n = 50) and 38% in 2003 (n = 50). Nucleotide sequences of a portion of the PCR products corresponded to Bartonella henselae species...
  11. Diniz P, Maggi R, Schwartz D, Cadenas M, Bradley J, Hegarty B, et al. Canine bartonellosis: serological and molecular prevalence in Brazil and evidence of co-infection with Bartonella henselae and Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii. Vet Res. 2007;38:697-710 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge, these isolates provide the first Brazilian DNA sequences from these Bartonella species and the first evidence of Bartonella co-infection in dogs. ..
  12. Chomel B, Kasten R. Bartonellosis, an increasingly recognized zoonosis. J Appl Microbiol. 2010;109:743-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Present knowledge on the aetiology, clinical features and epidemiological characteristics of bartonellosis is presented. ..
  13. Staggemeier R, Venker C, Klein D, Petry M, Spilki F, Cantarelli V. Prevalence of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae in cats in the south of Brazil: a molecular study. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2010;105:873-8 pubmed
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first molecular study demonstrating the presence of Bartonella spp in cats from the Southern Region of Brazil...
  14. Dehio C. Molecular and cellular basis of bartonella pathogenesis. Annu Rev Microbiol. 2004;58:365-90 pubmed
    ..This review summarizes our understanding of Bartonella-host cell interactions and the molecular mechanisms of bacterial virulence and persistence. In addition, current controversies and unanswered questions in this area are highlighted...
  15. Breitschwerdt E, Maggi R, Duncan A, Nicholson W, Hegarty B, Woods C. Bartonella species in blood of immunocompetent persons with animal and arthropod contact. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:938-41 pubmed
    ..Using PCR in conjunction with pre-enrichment culture, we detected Bartonella henselae and B. vinsonii subspecies berkhoffii in the blood of 14 immunocompetent persons who had frequent animal contact and arthropod exposure. ..
  16. Halos L, Jamal T, Maillard R, Girard B, Guillot J, Chomel B, et al. Role of Hippoboscidae flies as potential vectors of Bartonella spp. infecting wild and domestic ruminants. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:6302-5 pubmed
    ..The vertical transmission of Bartonella in M. ovinus and the presence of Bartonella DNA in all samples suggest a symbiotic association between Bartonella and M. ovinus...
  17. Billeter S, Levy M, Chomel B, Breitschwerdt E. Vector transmission of Bartonella species with emphasis on the potential for tick transmission. Med Vet Entomol. 2008;22:1-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Currently, critically important experimental transmission studies have not been performed for Bartonella transmission by many potential arthropod vectors, including ticks. ..
  18. Guptill L. Bartonellosis. Vet Microbiol. 2010;140:347-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Many Bartonella infections are zoonotic, with some of the most commonly reported zoonotic manifestations of infection including cat ..
  19. Telford S, Wormser G. Bartonella spp. transmission by ticks not established. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010;16:379-84 pubmed publisher
    ..by ticks, to animals or humans, has not been established. We are unaware of any well-documented case of B. henselae transmission by I. scapularis ticks. ..
  20. Perez C, Maggi R, Diniz P, Breitschwerdt E. Molecular and serological diagnosis of Bartonella infection in 61 dogs from the United States. J Vet Intern Med. 2011;25:805-10 pubmed publisher
    ..henselae or B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii based on PCR and enrichment culture, coinfection was documented, and various Bartonella species were identified. Most infected dogs did not have detectable Bartonella antibodies. ..
  21. Henn J, VanHorn B, Kasten R, Kachani M, Chomel B. Antibodies to Bartonella vinsonii subsp. Berkhoffii in Moroccan dogs. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006;74:222-3 pubmed
    ..Most of the seropositive dogs were stray dogs from Rabat (36%, 8 of 22) and Khenifra (47%, 47 of 101). Antibodies against B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii were found infrequently among pet dogs from Rabat (4%, 1 of 24)...
  22. Kaiser P, Riess T, O Rourke F, Linke D, Kempf V. Bartonella spp.: throwing light on uncommon human infections. Int J Med Microbiol. 2011;301:7-15 pubmed publisher
    ..g., Oroya fever). It is obvious that the analysis of pathogenicity mechanisms underlying Bartonella infections is needed to increase our understanding of how these pathogens adapt to their mammalian hosts resulting in ..
  23. Chung C, Kasten R, Paff S, Van Horn B, Vayssier Taussat M, Boulouis H, et al. Bartonella spp. DNA associated with biting flies from California. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:1311-3 pubmed
    ..11 deer flies (Chrysops spp.), and 11 horse flies (Tabanus spp.) collected on cattle in California. Partial sequencing indicated B. bovis DNA in the horn fly pool and B. henselae type M DNA in one stable fly...
  24. Raoult D, Roblot F, Rolain J, Besnier J, Loulergue J, Bastides F, et al. First isolation of Bartonella alsatica from a valve of a patient with endocarditis. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:278-9 pubmed
    ..B. alsatica was identified by serology and culture and by PCR of an aortic valve specimen. B. alsatica should be added to the list of zoonotic agents of blood culture-negative endocarditis. ..
  25. Bai Y, Kosoy M, Cully J, Bala T, Ray C, Collinge S. Acquisition of nonspecific Bartonella strains by the northern grasshopper mouse (Onychomys leucogaster). FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2007;61:438-48 pubmed
  26. Jones S, Maggi R, Shuler J, Alward A, Breitschwerdt E. Detection of Bartonella henselae in the blood of 2 adult horses. J Vet Intern Med. 2008;22:495-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Bartonella henselae was isolated or detected in the blood of both horses. Bartonella henselae infection should be investigated as the cause of disease in horses. ..
  27. Colton L, Zeidner N, Kosoy M. Experimental infection of Swiss webster mice with four rat bartonella strains: host specificity, bacteremia kinetics, dose dependent response, and histopathology. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011;34:465-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The host specificity and infectivity of the strains is discussed in relation to their potential for zoonotic transmission to incidental hosts. ..
  28. Tea A, Alexiou Daniel S, Papoutsi A, Papa A, Antoniadis A. Bartonella species isolated from rodents, Greece. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:963-4 pubmed
  29. Al Majali A. Seroprevalence of and risk factors for Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana infections among pet cats in Jordan. Prev Vet Med. 2004;64:63-71 pubmed
    ..The seroprevalence to B. henselae increased to age 2 years. Odds of seropositivity were higher in cats living outdoors, showing hunting behavior, having a flea infestation and of a mixed breed. No association was detected with sex...
  30. Harms C, Maggi R, Breitschwerdt E, Clemons Chevis C, Solangi M, Rotstein D, et al. Bartonella species detection in captive, stranded and free-ranging cetaceans. Vet Res. 2008;39:59 pubmed publisher
    ..The detection of Bartonella spp. from cetaceans may be of pathophysiological concern. ..
  31. Gundi V, Bourry O, Davous B, Raoult D, La Scola B. Bartonella clarridgeiae and B. henselae in dogs, Gabon. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:2261-2 pubmed
  32. Breitschwerdt E, Hegarty B, Maggi R, Hawkins E, Dyer P. Bartonella species as a potential cause of epistaxis in dogs. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:2529-33 pubmed
    ..These cases, in conjunction with previously published reports, support a potential role for Bartonella spp. as a cause of epistaxis in dogs and potentially in other animals, including humans...
  33. Li W, Chomel B, Maruyama S, Guptil L, Sander A, Raoult D, et al. Multispacer typing to study the genotypic distribution of Bartonella henselae populations. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:2499-506 pubmed
    ..Finally, we provide a free-access MST-Rick online software program (http://ifr48.timone.univ-mrs.fr/MST_BHenselae/mst) that investigators may use to compare their own MST sequences to our database...
  34. Chomel B, Henn J, Kasten R, Nieto N, Foley J, Papageorgiou S, et al. Dogs are more permissive than cats or guinea pigs to experimental infection with a human isolate of Bartonella rochalimae. Vet Res. 2009;40:27 pubmed publisher
    ..None of the guinea pigs became bacteremic, but five seroconverted. These results suggest that dogs could be a reservoir of this strain of B. rochalimae, in contrast to cats and guinea pigs...
  35. Bai Y, Calisher C, Kosoy M, Root J, Doty J. Persistent infection or successive reinfection of deer mice with Bartonella vinsonii subsp. arupensis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:1728-31 pubmed publisher
    b>Bartonella infections are common in rodents. From 1994 to 2006, longitudinal studies of a rodent community, consisting mainly of deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), were conducted in southwestern Colorado to study hantaviruses...
  36. Diaz M, Bai Y, Malania L, Winchell J, Kosoy M. Development of a novel genus-specific real-time PCR assay for detection and differentiation of Bartonella species and genotypes. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:1645-9 pubmed publisher
    ..geographic distribution and infectivity potential to a variety of hosts, this assay may be an effective diagnostic method for identification of Bartonella infections in humans and have utility in Bartonella surveillance studies.
  37. Dehio C. Bartonella-host-cell interactions and vascular tumour formation. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2005;3:621-31 pubmed
  38. Schaller J, Burkland G, Langhoff P. Do bartonella infections cause agitation, panic disorder, and treatment-resistant depression?. MedGenMed. 2007;9:54 pubmed
    ..cases having atypical presentations, with serious morbidity considered uncharacteristic of more routine Bartonella infections. Some atypical findings include distortion of vision, abdominal pain, severe liver and spleen tissue ..
  39. Bemis D, Kania S. Isolation of Bartonella sp. from sheep blood. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1565-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Bacterial identification was conducted by using electron microscopy and DNA sequencing of the 16S rRNA, citrate synthase, riboflavin synthase, and RNAase P genes. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ovine Bartonella infection...
  40. Angelakis E, Biswas S, Taylor C, Raoult D, Rolain J. Heterogeneity of susceptibility to fluoroquinolones in Bartonella isolates from Australia reveals a natural mutation in gyrA. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2008;61:1252-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Our objective was to evaluate in vitro antibiotic susceptibilities of 20 new Bartonella isolates from animals in Australia...
  41. Gil H, García Esteban C, Barandika J, Peig J, Toledo A, Escudero R, et al. Variability of Bartonella genotypes among small mammals in Spain. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:8062-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, our method has been updated with 21 new probes in a final panel of 36, which represents a robust molecular tool for clinical and environmental Bartonella studies...
  42. Beard A, Maggi R, Kennedy Stoskopf S, Cherry N, Sandfoss M, DePerno C, et al. Bartonella spp. in feral pigs, southeastern United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:893-5 pubmed publisher
    ..koehlerae, and B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii from blood samples. Feral pigs may represent a zoonotic risk for hunters or butchers and pose a potential threat to domesticated livestock...
  43. Billeter S, Kasten R, Killmaster L, Breitschwerdt E, Levin M, Levy M, et al. Experimental infection by capillary tube feeding of Rhipicephalus sanguineus with Bartonella vinsonii subspecies berkhoffii. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012;35:9-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, trans-ovarial transmission of B. v. berkhoffii by R. sanguineus is unlikely, but further studies are needed to determine if tick fecal material can serve as a source of infection to canines...
  44. Kelly P, Meads N, Theobald A, Fournier P, Raoult D. Rickettsia felis, Bartonella henselae, and B. clarridgeiae, New Zealand. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:967-8 pubmed
  45. Pretorius A, Beati L, Birtles R. Diversity of bartonellae associated with small mammals inhabiting Free State province, South Africa. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:1959-67 pubmed
  46. Birtles R. Bartonellae as elegant hemotropic parasites. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005;1063:270-9 pubmed
    ..These efforts have provided an intriguing foundation on which future efforts aimed at comprehending these sophisticated parasites can be soundly based...
  47. Sréter Lancz Z, Tornyai K, Széll Z, Sréter T, Márialigeti K. Bartonella infections in fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) and lack of bartonellae in ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) from Hungary. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2006;53:313-6 pubmed
    ..The pap31 sequences of B. henselae amplified from Hungarian fleas were identical with that of Marseille strain. No Bartonella-specific amplification products were detected in C. canis, I. ricinus, D. reticulatus and H. concinna pools...
  48. de Paiva Diniz P, Schwartz D, de Morais H, Breitschwerdt E. Surveillance for zoonotic vector-borne infections using sick dogs from southeastern Brazil. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2007;7:689-97 pubmed
    ..Ehrlichia canis may pose a human health hazard and may be undiagnosed in southeastern Brazil, whereas exposure to the other organisms examined in this study is presumably infrequent...
  49. Breitschwerdt E, Maggi R, Varanat M, Linder K, Weinberg G. Isolation of Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii genotype II from a boy with epithelioid hemangioendothelioma and a dog with hemangiopericytoma. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:1957-60 pubmed publisher
    ..berkhoffii genotype II from a boy with epithelioid hemangioendothelioma and a dog with hemangiopericytoma. These results suggest that B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii may cause vasoproliferative lesions in both humans and dogs...
  50. Deng H, Le Rhun D, Buffet J, Cotte V, Read A, Birtles R, et al. Strategies of exploitation of mammalian reservoirs by Bartonella species. Vet Res. 2012;43:15 pubmed publisher
  51. Bown K, Bennet M, Begon M. Flea-borne Bartonella grahamii and Bartonella taylorii in bank voles. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:684-7 pubmed
    ..taylorii maintained in an arthropod-free environment; this finding suggests that fleas may be essential for transmitting some Bartonella species...
  52. Fenollar F, Sire S, Wilhelm N, Raoult D. Bartonella vinsonii subsp. arupensis as an agent of blood culture-negative endocarditis in a human. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:945-7 pubmed
    ..Two different nested PCRs performed on sera identified Bartonella vinsonii subsp. arupensis by sequencing...
  53. Henn J, Liu C, Kasten R, VanHorn B, Beckett L, Kass P, et al. Seroprevalence of antibodies against Bartonella species and evaluation of risk factors and clinical signs associated with seropositivity in dogs. Am J Vet Res. 2005;66:688-94 pubmed
    ..To determine the seroprevalence of antibodies against Bartonella spp in a population of sick dogs from northern California and identify potential risk factors and clinical signs associated with seropositivity...
  54. Welc Faleciak R, Paziewska A, Bajer A, Behnke J, Sinski E. Bartonella spp. infection in rodents from different habitats in the Mazury Lake District, Northeast Poland. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2008;8:467-74 pubmed publisher
    ..glareolus were identical to B. grahamii, species associated with human illness. These results have important public health implication, notably in relation to the risk of infection in humans following exposure to rodent bartonellae...
  55. Inoue K, Maruyama S, Kabeya H, Hagiya K, Izumi Y, Une Y, et al. Exotic small mammals as potential reservoirs of zoonotic Bartonella spp. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:526-32 pubmed publisher
    ..that cause human endocarditis and neuroretinitis and 6 novel Bartonella spp. at a high prevalence (26.0%, 142/546). We conclude that exotic small mammals potentially serve as reservoirs of several zoonotic Bartonella spp...
  56. Bai Y, Cross P, Malania L, Kosoy M. Isolation of Bartonella capreoli from elk. Vet Microbiol. 2011;148:329-32 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of Bartonella infections in elk populations. We report the isolation of four Bartonella strains from 55 elk blood samples...
  57. Pulliainen A, Dehio C. Persistence of Bartonella spp. stealth pathogens: from subclinical infections to vasoproliferative tumor formation. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2012;36:563-99 pubmed publisher
    ..namely Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana, and Bartonella bacilliformis, to induce tumor-like vascular deformations in humans having compromised immune response such as in patients with AIDS...
  58. Huarcaya E, Maguina C, Torres R, Rupay J, Fuentes L. Bartonelosis (Carrion's Disease) in the pediatric population of Peru: an overview and update. Braz J Infect Dis. 2004;8:331-9 pubmed
    ..However, most of the treatments are based on evidence from reported cases. During the eruptive phase the recommended treatment is rifampin, and alternatively, azithromycin or erythromycin...
  59. Kelly P, Rolain J, Raoult D. Prevalence of human pathogens in cat and dog fleas in New Zealand. N Z Med J. 2005;118:U1754 pubmed
    ..To provide further information on the prevalence of Rickettsia felis, Bartonella hensela, and B. clarridgeiae in cat and dog fleas in New Zealand and their distribution in the country...
  60. Duncan A, Marr H, Birkenheuer A, Maggi R, Williams L, Correa M, et al. Bartonella DNA in the blood and lymph nodes of Golden Retrievers with lymphoma and in healthy controls. J Vet Intern Med. 2008;22:89-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Golden Retrievers are more likely to develop lymphoma, suggesting a breed predisposition; however, other factors, including environment, immunity, and infection, are likely contributors to oncogenesis...
  61. Paziewska A, Harris P, Zwolińska L, Bajer A, Sinski E. Recombination within and between species of the alpha proteobacterium Bartonella infecting rodents. Microb Ecol. 2011;61:134-45 pubmed publisher
    b>Bartonella infections from wild mice and voles (Apodemus flavicollis, Mi...
  62. Tsai Y, Lin C, Chomel B, Chuang S, Tsai K, Wu W, et al. Bartonella infection in shelter cats and dogs and their ectoparasites. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011;11:1023-30 pubmed publisher
    ..detected in Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Further studies are required to understand the relative importance of these ectoparasites to transmit Bartonella spp. in dogs and cats...
  63. Cherry N, Jones S, Maggi R, Davis J, Breitschwerdt E. Bartonella spp. infection in healthy and sick horses and foals from the southeastern United States. J Vet Intern Med. 2012;26:1408-12 pubmed publisher
    ..These bacteria cause, or have been associated with, a spectrum of clinical manifestations in dogs and human patients. The frequency of exposure to or infection with Bartonella spp. among healthy and sick horses has not been reported...
  64. Telfer S, Begon M, Bennett M, Bown K, Burthe S, Lambin X, et al. Contrasting dynamics of Bartonella spp. in cyclic field vole populations: the impact of vector and host dynamics. Parasitology. 2007;134:413-25 pubmed
    ..possibly reflecting the importance of flea exchange between hosts. However, even closely related species showed quite different dynamics, emphasising that other factors such as population age structure can impact on zoonotic risk...
  65. Celebi B, Kilic S, Aydin N, Tarhan G, Carhan A, Babur C. Investigation of Bartonella henselae in cats in Ankara, Turkey. Zoonoses Public Health. 2009;56:169-75 pubmed publisher
    ..The bacteraemia prevalence and seroprevalence of B. henselae IgG antibodies in cats was detected as 8.2% and 18.6% respectively. This is the first report on B. henselea and B. clarridgeiae in cats in Turkey...
  66. Angelakis E, Pulcini C, Waton J, Imbert P, Socolovschi C, Edouard S, et al. Scalp eschar and neck lymphadenopathy caused by Bartonella henselae after Tick Bite. Clin Infect Dis. 2010;50:549-51 pubmed publisher
    ..However, in many cases, the causative agent remains undetermined. We report 3 cases of this syndrome caused by Bartonella henselae, and we propose the term "SENLAT" to collectively describe this clinical entity...
  67. Breitschwerdt E, Maggi R, Farmer P, Mascarelli P. Molecular evidence of perinatal transmission of Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii and Bartonella henselae to a child. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:2289-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Historical and microbiological results support perinatal transmission of Bartonella species in this family. It is of clinical relevance that Bartonella spp. may adversely influence human reproductive performance...
  68. Bai Y, Kosoy M, Boonmar S, Sawatwong P, Sangmaneedet S, Peruski L. Enrichment culture and molecular identification of diverse Bartonella species in stray dogs. Vet Microbiol. 2010;146:314-9 pubmed publisher
    ..identification that targeted a fragment of the citrate synthase gene (gltA), we provide evidence of common bartonella infections and diverse Bartonella species in the blood of stray dogs from Bangkok and Khon Kaen, Thailand...
  69. Saisongkorh W, Rolain J, Suputtamongkol Y, Raoult D. Emerging Bartonella in humans and animals in Asia and Australia. J Med Assoc Thai. 2009;92:707-31 pubmed
    ..The rate of Bartonella infection was found to be high in arthropod ectoparasitic vectors, mammals, and febrile patients in these tropical zones...
  70. Chomel B, Kasten R, Williams C, Wey A, Henn J, Maggi R, et al. Bartonella endocarditis: a pathology shared by animal reservoirsand patients. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1166:120-6 pubmed publisher
    ..bovis endocarditis were recently described in adult cows from France. Finally, on-going investigation of valvular endocarditis in free-ranging Alaskan sea otters suggests the involvement of Bartonella species...
  71. Kosoy M, Bai Y, Sheff K, Morway C, Baggett H, Maloney S, et al. Identification of Bartonella infections in febrile human patients from Thailand and their potential animal reservoirs. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82:1140-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings suggest that rodents are likely reservoirs for a substantial portion of cases of human Bartonella infections in Thailand.
  72. Inoue K, Kabeya H, Hagiya K, Kosoy M, Une Y, Yoshikawa Y, et al. Multi-locus sequence analysis reveals host specific association between Bartonella washoensis and squirrels. Vet Microbiol. 2011;148:60-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that B. washoensis strains may have co-speciated with their squirrel hosts and provide new insights into the application of the MLSA to identify sources of B. washoensis infection with accuracy...
  73. Maguina C, Tirado A, Maco V, Vidal J. Carrion's disease (Bartonellosis bacilliformis) confirmed by histopathology in the High Forest of Peru. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2004;46:171-4 pubmed
    ..This is the first report of a confirmed case of bartonellosis in the eruptive phase originating from the Peruvian High Forest, showing the geographical expansion of the Carrion's disease...
  74. Jardine C, Appleyard G, Kosoy M, McColl D, Chirino Trejo M, Wobeser G, et al. Rodent-associated Bartonella in Saskatchewan, Canada. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2005;5:402-9 pubmed
    Six species of wild rodents were sampled at 10 sites in 2002 and 2003 to determine the prevalence of Bartonella infections in rodent communities near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada...
  75. Chomel B, Boulouis H, Maruyama S, Breitschwerdt E. Bartonella spp. in pets and effect on human health. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:389-94 pubmed
    ..We review current knowledge on the etiologic agents, clinical features, and epidemiologic characteristics of these emerging zoonoses...
  76. Bogumiła S, Adamska M. [Capreolus capreolus and Ixodes ricinus as a reservoir of Bartonella in north-western Poland]. Wiad Parazytol. 2005;51:139-43 pubmed
    ..bovis, and probably do not cause persistent infection in roe deer. The high percentage of infested individuals during spring (84%) and infection detected in I. ricinus (5.2%) show that ticks are reservoir and vector of Bartonella...
  77. Saenz H, Engel P, Stoeckli M, Lanz C, Raddatz G, Vayssier Taussat M, et al. Genomic analysis of Bartonella identifies type IV secretion systems as host adaptability factors. Nat Genet. 2007;39:1469-76 pubmed publisher
    ..bacilliformis, and one has been lost by deletion. The 14 pathogenicity genes specific for the radiating lineage encode two laterally acquired type IV secretion systems, suggesting that these systems have a role in host adaptability...
  78. Inoue K, Maruyama S, Kabeya H, Yamada N, Ohashi N, Sato Y, et al. Prevalence and genetic diversity of Bartonella species isolated from wild rodents in Japan. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:5086-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, dual infections with two different genetic groups of bartonellae were found in A. speciosus and R. rattus. These findings suggest that the rodent in Japan might serve as a reservoir of zoonotic Bartonella infection...
  79. Morick D, Baneth G, Avidor B, Kosoy M, Mumcuoglu K, Mintz D, et al. Detection of Bartonella spp. in wild rodents in Israel using HRM real-time PCR. Vet Microbiol. 2009;139:293-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Further investigation of the prevalence and zoonotic potential of the Bartonella species detected in the black rats and the Cairo spiny mouse is warranted...
  80. Marignac G, Barrat F, Chomel B, Vayssier Taussat M, Gandoin C, Bouillin C, et al. Murine model for Bartonella birtlesii infection: New aspects. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010;33:95-107 pubmed publisher
    ..CD8-/- mice and the control group had near to superimposed kinetics. These results confirm the relevance of the present model...
  81. McGill S, Wesslén L, Hjelm E, Holmberg M, Auvinen M, Berggren K, et al. Bartonella spp. seroprevalence in healthy Swedish blood donors. Scand J Infect Dis. 2005;37:723-30 pubmed
    ..Living in the southern region of Sweden (Lund area) was associated with decreased seropositivity to B. elizabethae...
  82. Li D, Liu Q, Yu D, Zhang J, Gong Z, Song X. Phylogenetic analysis of Bartonella detected in rodent fleas in Yunnan, China. J Wildl Dis. 2007;43:609-17 pubmed
    ..Therefore, further investigations are needed to clarify the distribution of Bartonella in rodents and their ectoparasites in China to define the role of these arthropods in the transmission routes of Bartonella...
  83. Cadenas M, Bradley J, Maggi R, Takara M, Hegarty B, Breitschwerdt E. Molecular characterization of Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii genotype III. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46:1858-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Several genes were amplified and sequenced for comparative sequence similarity with other strains...
  84. Henn J, Gabriel M, Kasten R, Brown R, Koehler J, MacDonald K, et al. Infective endocarditis in a dog and the phylogenetic relationship of the associated "Bartonella rochalimae" strain with isolates from dogs, gray foxes, and a human. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:787-90 pubmed publisher
    ..clarridgeiae like, were confirmed to belong to the new species "B. rochalimae," suggesting canids as the natural reservoir...
  85. Bouchouicha R, Durand B, Monteil M, Chomel B, Berrich M, Arvand M, et al. Molecular epidemiology of feline and human Bartonella henselae isolates. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:813-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Human isolates/strains were placed into the second group. Genotype I and II isolates shared no common profile. All genotype I isolates clustered within group B. The evolutive implications are discussed...
  86. Marquez F, Millan J, Rodríguez Liébana J, García Egea I, Muniain M. Detection and identification of Bartonella sp. in fleas from carnivorous mammals in Andalusia, Spain. Med Vet Entomol. 2009;23:393-8 pubmed publisher
    ..alsatica and Bartonella sp. in the Iberian Peninsula. All of these Bartonella species have been implicated as agents of human diseases. The present survey confirms that carnivores are major reservoirs for Bartonella spp...
  87. Breitschwerdt E, Maggi R, Chomel B, Lappin M. Bartonellosis: an emerging infectious disease of zoonotic importance to animals and human beings. J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2010;20:8-30 pubmed publisher
    ..To provide a review of clinically relevant observations related to Bartonella species as emerging pathogens in veterinary and human medicine...
  88. Bhengsri S, Baggett H, Peruski L, Morway C, Bai Y, Fisk T, et al. Bartonella seroprevalence in rural Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2011;42:687-92 pubmed
    ..3%) had seropositivity to B. quintana, 51 (9.8%) to B. elizabethae, and 19 (3.6%) to B. vinsonii subsp vinsonii. These results suggest exposure to Bartonella species is more common in rural Thailand than previously suspected...
  89. Paziewska A, Harris P, Zwolińska L, Bajer A, Sinski E. Differences in the ecology of Bartonella infections of Apodemus flavicollis and Myodes glareolus in a boreal forest. Parasitology. 2012;139:881-93 pubmed publisher
    ..This heterogeneity in the patterns of Bartonella infections in wild rodents emphasizes the need to consider variation between both, host species and Bartonella ..
  90. Avidor B, Graidy M, Efrat G, Leibowitz C, Shapira G, Schattner A, et al. Bartonella koehlerae, a new cat-associated agent of culture-negative human endocarditis. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:3462-8 pubmed
    ..number of Bartonella species emerging as human pathogens, it is suggested that PCR-RFLP analysis for the diagnosis of Bartonella infections target several genes and be coupled with DNA sequencing to avoid species identification.
  91. Gilmore R, Bellville T, Sviat S, Frace M. The Bartonella vinsonii subsp. arupensis immunodominant surface antigen BrpA gene, encoding a 382-kilodalton protein composed of repetitive sequences, is a member of a multigene family conserved among bartonella species. Infect Immun. 2005;73:3128-36 pubmed
  92. Bai Y, Kosoy M, Lerdthusnee K, Peruski L, Richardson J. Prevalence and genetic heterogeneity of Bartonella strains cultured from rodents from 17 provinces in Thailand. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009;81:811-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The only isolate from a Berylmys berdmorei fell into the B. tribocorum group. The observations highlight the need to study these agents for their role in human febrile illnesses of unknown etiology in Thailand and elsewhere in Asia...