bacteroides infections


Summary: Infections with bacteria of the genus BACTEROIDES.

Top Publications

  1. Swidsinski A, Ladhoff A, Pernthaler A, Swidsinski S, Loening Baucke V, Ortner M, et al. Mucosal flora in inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2002;122:44-54 pubmed
    ..Microorganisms that directly interact with the intestinal mucosa are obscured by fecal flora and poorly characterized...
  2. Tsuji Y, Okita Y, Niwaya K, Tsukube T, Doita M, Marui T, et al. Allograft replacement of common iliac artery mycotic aneurysm caused by Bacteroides fragilis vertebral spondylitis--a case report. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2003;37:441-4 pubmed
    ..The postoperative course was uneventful, and he remains well 3 years after his operation without persistent infection or allograft rejection...
  3. Beland M, Soares G, Dubel G, Forte M, Murphy T. Endovascular repair of a thoracic aorta mycotic pseudoaneurysm in a patient with history of bacteroides fragilis sepsis and leprosy. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005;16:298-300 pubmed
  4. Feuillet L, Carvajal J, Sudre I, Pelletier J, Thomassin J, Drancourt M, et al. First isolation of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron from a patient with a cholesteatoma and experiencing meningitis. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:1467-9 pubmed
    ..The isolate was identified by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as B. thetaiotaomicron. This is the first case of B. thetaiotaomicron meningitis in pure culture...
  5. Fenner L, Roux V, Mallet M, Raoult D. Bacteroides massiliensis sp. nov., isolated from blood culture of a newborn. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55:1335-7 pubmed
    ..8 % 16S rRNA similarity to Bacteroides vulgatus and a DNA G + C content of 49 mol%. The major cellular fatty acid is anteiso-branched C(15 : 0). The type strain of B. massiliensis sp. nov. is B84634(T) (=CIP 107942(T) = CCUG 48901(T))...
  6. Wexler H. Bacteroides: the good, the bad, and the nitty-gritty. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2007;20:593-621 pubmed
    ..Clinically, Bacteroides species have exhibited increasing resistance to many antibiotics, including cefoxitin, clindamycin, metronidazole, carbapenems, and fluoroquinolones (e.g., gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, and moxifloxacin)...
  7. Sears C. In celebration of Sydney M. Finegold, M.D.: bacteroides fragilis in the colon: the good & the bad. Anaerobe. 2012;18:192-6 pubmed publisher
    ..fragilis are essential symbiotes as well as, in some circumstances, pathogens with the capacity to induce both acute systemic and abdominal illnesses and possibly chronic colonic diseases...
  8. Doita M, Marui T, Kurosaka M, Yoshiya S, Tsuji Y, Okita Y, et al. Contained rupture of the aneurysm of common iliac artery associated with pyogenic vertebral spondylitis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001;26:E303-7 pubmed
    ..A case report...
  9. Vieira J, Vallim D, Ferreira E, Seabra S, Vommaro R, Avelar K, et al. Bacteroides fragilis interferes with iNOS activity and leads to pore formation in macrophage surface. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005;326:607-13 pubmed
    ..These data suggest the existence of an inhibitory mechanism developed by B. fragilis strains for one of the macrophage microbicide actions...

More Information

Publications106 found, 100 shown here

  1. Surana N, Kasper D. The yin yang of bacterial polysaccharides: lessons learned from B. fragilis PSA. Immunol Rev. 2012;245:13-26 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, we discuss the immunomodulatory effects of the archetypal ZPS, Bacteroides fragilis PSA. In addition, we highlight some of the opportunities and challenges in applying these lessons in clinical settings...
  2. Kawabe T, Harris P, Zakaria E, Garrison R. Sepsis alters vessel contraction by adrenoceptor-induced nitric oxide and prostanoid. J Surg Res. 2003;110:352-9 pubmed
    ..Sepsis abolishes the PHE-stimulated endothelial release of cPN. PHE-stimulated cPN is not thromboxane A2, but could be a nonprostanoid dilator in the lipoxygenase (HETE) or cytochrome P450 (EET) pathways. ..
  3. Shiba T, Aiba Y, Ishikawa H, Ushiyama A, Takagi A, Mine T, et al. The suppressive effect of bifidobacteria on Bacteroides vulgatus, a putative pathogenic microbe in inflammatory bowel disease. Microbiol Immunol. 2003;47:371-8 pubmed
    ..These results thus suggested that B. infantis 1222 protected the gut epithelial layer including the PP from being invaded by Bacteroides, thereby suppressing the systemic antibody response raised by Bacteroides. ..
  4. Gericke A, Hoffmann E, Pitz S, Pfeiffer N. Maggot therapy following orbital exenteration. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007;91:1715-6 pubmed
  5. Boente R, Ferreira L, Falcão L, Miranda K, Guimarães P, Santos Filho J, et al. Detection of resistance genes and susceptibility patterns in Bacteroides and Parabacteroides strains. Anaerobe. 2010;16:190-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The resistance rate to imipenem was 4.1% and 8.3% to amoxicillin-clavulanate. This feature is for the first time described in Brazil. ..
  6. Reznick J, Gilmore W. Host response to infection of a subperiosteal hydroxylapatite implant. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1989;67:665-72 pubmed
    ..The possible mechanism of this interference is discussed. ..
  7. Kato N, Liu C, Kato H, Watanabe K, Nakamura H, Iwai N, et al. Prevalence of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in children with diarrhea in Japan. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37:801-3 pubmed
    ..5% of 108 children aged 1 to 6 years with antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). The difference in comparison with control children, was significant for AUD children but not AAD children. ..
  8. Fang H, Edlund C, Hedberg M, Nord C. New findings in beta-lactam and metronidazole resistant Bacteroides fragilis group. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2002;19:361-70 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this article is to review the mechanisms for and the prevalence of beta-lactam and metronidazole resistance in strains belonging to the B. fragilis group. ..
  9. Matsumoto T, Ikeda T, Miyano Y, Aratake T, Shirotani N, Onuki T. Transient occlusion procedure with a catheter for peripheral pulmonary artery damage caused by percutaneous drainage for lung abscess. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007;55:205-7 pubmed
    ..An occlusion technique for the pulmonary basal artery using a wedged barman catheter stopped the bleeding, resulting in a successful outcome. ..
  10. Takahashi H, Sakata I, Adachi Y. Treatment of portal vein septic thrombosis by infusion of antibiotics and an antifungal agent into portal vein and superior mesenteric artery: a case report. Hepatogastroenterology. 2003;50:1133-5 pubmed
    ..Diverticulitis of the ascending colon was later found to be the underlying disease. In the follow-up, there were no signs of recurrent disease. ..
  11. Huber J, Lagally C, Buse S, Hatiboglu G, Hofner T, Hach C, et al. [Infiltrating perineal and scrotal inflammation: rare cutaneous manifestation of familial Mediterranean fever or acne inversa?]. Urologe A. 2008;47:345-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Knowledge of this clinical picture possibly including genital manifestations is crucial, as early excision of all affected regions is the therapy of choice that enables healing. ..
  12. Saito D, Coutinho L, Borges Saito C, Tsai S, Höfling J, Goncalves R. Real-time polymerase chain reaction quantification of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia in primary endodontic infections. J Endod. 2009;35:1518-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The endodontic levels of P. gingivalis and T. forsythia, individually or in conjunction, did not display significant associations with the manifestation of pain of endodontic origin. ..
  13. Nagy E, Soki J, Urban E, Szoke I, Fodor E, Edwards R. Occurrence of metronidazole and imipenem resistance among Bacteroides fragilis group clinical isolates in Hungary. Acta Biol Hung. 2001;52:271-80 pubmed
    ..In the 2 B. fragilis isolates with increased MICs to metronidazole, the nim gene could be detected by PCR. The IS1186 element was found in these isolates upregulating the metronidazole resistance gene. ..
  14. Kim J, Jung H, Lee J, Youn J, Lee C, Kim K. Mitogen-activated protein kinase and activator protein-1 dependent signals are essential for Bacteroides fragilis enterotoxin-induced enteritis. Eur J Immunol. 2005;35:2648-57 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that a pathway, including Ras, MAPK, and subsequent AP-1 activation, is required for IL-8 and MCP-1 expression in intestinal epithelial cells exposed to BFT, and can be involved in the development of enteritis. ..
  15. Kumar J, Bandhu S, Kumar A. Intraosseous and intraarticular pneumatosis in anaerobic osteomyelitis. Pediatr Radiol. 2006;36:1220 pubmed
  16. Goldstein E, Citron D. Annual incidence, epidemiology, and comparative in vitro susceptibilities to cefoxitin, cefotetan, cefmetazole, and ceftizoxime of recent community-acquired isolates of the Bacteroides fragilis group. J Clin Microbiol. 1988;26:2361-6 pubmed
    ..fragilis group isolates as well as perform susceptibility studies on the isolates. Clinicians should be aware that while B. fragilis is the most frequent isolate, 38% of isolates are from other, more resistant B. fragilis group species. ..
  17. Stingele F, Corthesy B, Kusy N, Porcelli S, Kasper D, Tzianabos A. Zwitterionic polysaccharides stimulate T cells with no preferential V beta usage and promote anergy, resulting in protection against experimental abscess formation. J Immunol. 2004;172:1483-90 pubmed
    ..Taken together, the data show that this class of polysaccharides interacts directly with T cells in a nonbiased manner to elicit an IL-2-dependent anergic response that confers protection against abscess formation...
  18. Antunes E, Ferreira E, Falcão L, Paula G, Avelar K, Barroso D, et al. Non-toxigenic pattern II and III Bacteroides fragilis strains: coexistence in the same host. Res Microbiol. 2004;155:522-4 pubmed
    ..Fingerprints obtained by this technique showed that there was strong heterogeneity among strains from different individuals. However, different patterns from the same individual shared 100% similarity. ..
  19. Muthukumar S, Suresh R. Community periodontal index of treatment needs index: an indicator of anaerobic periodontal infection. Indian J Dent Res. 2009;20:423-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We correlated the CPITN scores of patients with BANA test results to assess the validity of CPITN as an indicator of anaerobic periodontal infection...
  20. Stellato T, Danziger L, Hau T, Gauderer M, Ferron J, Gordon N. Moxalactam vs tobramycin-clindamycin. A randomized trial in secondary peritonitis. Arch Surg. 1988;123:714-7 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that moxalactam is as safe and efficacious as tobramycin plus clindamycin. The observed benefits of this agent warrant study in a larger sample to verify advantages of moxalactam over combination therapy. ..
  21. Thadepalli H, Gollapudi S, Chuah S. Therapeutic evaluation of difloxacin (A-56619) and A-56620 for experimentally induced Bacteroides fragilis-associated intra-abdominal abscess. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1986;30:574-6 pubmed
    ..A-56620, despite achieving subtherapeutic levels in serum, was found to be as effective as cefoxitin. Both difloxacin and A-56620 were effective in vivo against experimentally induced intra-abdominal abscess in rats. ..
  22. Persson G. Immune responses and vaccination against periodontal infections. J Clin Periodontol. 2005;32 Suppl 6:39-53 pubmed
    ..The impact of natural immunization and passive immunization in humans should be explored and may, presently, be more feasible than active immunization studies. ..
  23. Al Tawfiq J. Bacteroides fragilis bacteremia associated with vertebral osteomyelitis in a sickle cell patient. Intern Med. 2008;47:2183-5 pubmed
    ..Despite extensive investigation, the port of entry could not be determined. The patient responded well to a four-week therapy with metronidazole, without the need for surgical debridement. ..
  24. Cortelli S, Cortelli J, Romeiro R, Costa F, Aquino D, Orzechowski P, et al. Frequency of periodontal pathogens in equivalent peri-implant and periodontal clinical statuses. Arch Oral Biol. 2013;58:67-74 pubmed publisher
  25. Wakimoto S, Nakayama Imaohji H, Ichimura M, Morita H, Hirakawa H, Hayashi T, et al. PhoB regulates the survival of Bacteroides fragilis in peritoneal abscesses. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e53829 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that PhoB plays an important role in the survival of B. fragilis under stressful extraintestinal conditions. ..
  26. Kishi D, Takahashi I, Kai Y, Tamagawa H, Iijima H, Obunai S, et al. Alteration of V beta usage and cytokine production of CD4+ TCR beta beta homodimer T cells by elimination of Bacteroides vulgatus prevents colitis in TCR alpha-chain-deficient mice. J Immunol. 2000;165:5891-9 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that the ED-induced alteration of intestinal microenvironments such as the enteric flora prevented the development of IBD in TCR alpha(-/-) mice via the immunologic quiescence of CD4(+), betabeta T cells. ..
  27. Kalota S. Small intestinal submucosa tension-free sling: postoperative inflammatory reactions and additional data. J Urol. 2004;172:1349-50 pubmed
  28. Baekelandt J, Crombach M, Donders G, Bosteels J. Spontaneous midgestation abortion associated with Bacteroides fragilis: a case report. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2005;13:241-3 pubmed
  29. Courtin P, Nezri M, Biextrix M, Gallardo M, Dembele A. [Purulent meningitis and bacteremia from Bacteroides fragilis revealing a meningioma]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2001;20:490-3 pubmed
    ..We report the case of a 78-year-old-woman with a meningitis caused by Bacteroides fragilis revealing a malignant tumor. The epidemiologic, etiologic and therapeutic features of these meningitis are reviewed. ..
  30. Martin T, Aziz H. Bacteroides fragilis: a case study of bacteremia and septic arthritis. Clin Lab Sci. 2009;22:131-5 pubmed
    ..Later, a fluid and tissue sample from the patient's knee grew the same species of bacteria. The patient was placed on intravenous antibiotics to fight the infection. ..
  31. Dovas S, Liakopoulos V, Simopoulou T, Giannopoulou M, Kanaki A, Filippidis G, et al. Psoas abscess in a dialysis patient with dialysis-related amyloidosis. Int Urol Nephrol. 2008;40:543-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Few cases have been reported in chronic hemodialysis patients. We describe a case of psoas abscess in a dialysis patient with dialysis-related amyloidosis, successfully treated with percutaneous drainage and parenteral antibiotics. ..
  32. Braun R, Bates D, Shearer J, Tran T, el Keiey M. Efficacy of amoxicillin trihydrate for the treatment of experimentally induced foot rot in cattle. Am J Vet Res. 1987;48:1751-4 pubmed
    ..It was concluded that administration of amoxicillin trihydrate early in the course of acute foot rot may reduce the severity of lesions associated with foot rot in cattle...
  33. Akova M, Akalin H, Korten V, Ozgen T, Erbengi A. Treatment of intracranial abscesses: experience with sulbactam/ampicillin. J Chemother. 1993;5:181-5 pubmed
    ..Side effects of sulbactam/ampicillin were minor and transient. Results obtained in this study indicate that sulbactam/ampicillin can be used in the treatment of intracranial abscesses, alone or with surgical intervention. ..
  34. Hansen P, Jensen T, Gahrn Hansen B. Dysgonomonas capnocytophagoides bacteraemia in a neutropenic patient treated for acute myeloid leukaemia. APMIS. 2005;113:229-31 pubmed
    ..It was identified using conventional phenotypic testing but remained unidentified by the automated identification system (Vitek-2) as this system did not contain DF-3 or D. capnocytophagoides in its database. ..
  35. Mostafavi A, Troutman J. Biosynthetic assembly of the Bacteroides fragilis capsular polysaccharide A precursor bactoprenyl diphosphate-linked acetamido-4-amino-6-deoxygalactopyranose. Biochemistry. 2013;52:1939-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Importantly, the entire heterologous system was utilized in a single-pot reaction to biosynthesize the bactoprenyl-linked sugar. This work provides the first critical step in the in vitro reconstitution of CPSA biosynthesis. ..
  36. Bird P, Shakibaie F, Gemmell E, Polak B, Seymour G. Immune response to Bacteroides forsythus in a murine model. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2001;16:311-5 pubmed
    ..This suggests that, as with other periodontopathic organisms, this mouse model can be used to study the immune response to B. forsythus. ..
  37. Setoyama H, Imaoka A, Ishikawa H, Umesaki Y. Prevention of gut inflammation by Bifidobacterium in dextran sulfate-treated gnotobiotic mice associated with Bacteroides strains isolated from ulcerative colitis patients. Microbes Infect. 2003;5:115-22 pubmed
    ..vulgatus strain, and that Bifidobacterium strains may repress exacerbation of intestinal inflammation through growth inhibition of the B. vulgatus strain. ..
  38. Pathela P, Hasan K, Roy E, Alam K, Huq F, Siddique A, et al. Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis-associated diarrhea in children 0-2 years of age in rural Bangladesh. J Infect Dis. 2005;191:1245-52 pubmed
    ..05; cows, P = .06). ETBF was found to be a small but significant contributor to diarrheal disease in this rural community. Improved management of livestock may be useful for the prevention of ETBF infection. ..
  39. Shifrovitch Y, Binderman I, Bahar H, Berdicevsky I, Zilberman M. Metronidazole-loaded bioabsorbable films as local antibacterial treatment of infected periodontal pockets. J Periodontol. 2009;80:330-7 pubmed
    ..The developed systems demonstrated good biocompatibility and the ability to inhibit Bacteroides fragilis growth; therefore, they may be useful in the treatment of periodontal diseases. ..
  40. Chen S, Lee Y, Tsai S, Lai K, Huang C, Wang P, et al. Clinical outcomes and prognostic factors of cancer patients with pyogenic liver abscess. J Gastrointest Surg. 2011;15:2036-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, an early surgical approach should be considered for cancer patients having large, multiloculated complex PLAs. ..
  41. Brook I. Microbiology and management of intra-abdominal infections in children. Pediatr Int. 2003;45:123-9 pubmed
    ..and Clostridium spp. The treatment of abdominal infection includes surgical correction and drainage, and administration of antimicrobials that are effective against both aerobic and anaerobic micro-organisms. ..
  42. Kusachi S, Sumiyama Y, Nagao J, Arima Y, Yoshida Y, Tanaka H, et al. Drug susceptibility of isolates from severe postoperative intraperitoneal infections causing multiple organ failure. Surg Today. 2005;35:126-30 pubmed
    ..aeruginosa infections. The only antibiotic effective against B. fragilis infections in this study was IPM. ..
  43. Katsandri A, Papaparaskevas J, Pantazatou A, Petrikkos G, Thomopoulos G, Houhoula D, et al. Two cases of infections due to multidrug-resistant Bacteroides fragilis group strains. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:3465-7 pubmed
    ..Such infections, although still rare, do exist and tend to complicate treatment...
  44. Nguyen M, Yu V, Morris A, McDermott L, Wagener M, Harrell L, et al. Antimicrobial resistance and clinical outcome of Bacteroides bacteremia: findings of a multicenter prospective observational trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;30:870-6 pubmed
    ..Antimicrobial susceptibility testing may be indicated for patients whose blood specimens yield Bacteroides species. ..
  45. Jarvis S, Millar J, Pittore B, Al Safi W. Cerebral abscess following adenotonsillectomy: a rare complication. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2011;31:253-5 pubmed
    ..We believe that intracranial complications should be considered in any patient who present with headache or vomiting following tonsil surgery, especially if the patient has a spiking pyrexia. ..
  46. Otero Anton E, Gonzalez Quintela A, Lopez Soto A, Lopez Ben S, Llovo J, Perez L. Cecal ligation and puncture as a model of sepsis in the rat: influence of the puncture size on mortality, bacteremia, endotoxemia and tumor necrosis factor alpha levels. Eur Surg Res. 2001;33:77-9 pubmed
    ..Cecal ligation and puncture is a widely used experimental model of sepsis...
  47. Yoneda M, Motooka N, Naito T, Maeda K, Hirofuji T. Resolution of furcation bone loss after non-surgical root canal treatment: application of a peptidase-detection kit for treatment of type I endoperiodontal lesion. J Oral Sci. 2005;47:143-7 pubmed
    ..After 3 months, the furcation bone loss was on the way to recovery. These results indicate that proper diagnosis and confirmation of a decrease in root canal bacteria are important for treating endoperiodontal lesions...
  48. Avila Campos M, Liu C, Song Y, Rowlinson M, Finegold S. Determination of bft gene subtypes in Bacteroides fragilis clinical isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45:1336-8 pubmed
    ..This technique could be used to look at the epidemiology of enterotoxigenic strains of B. fragilis in clinical infections and whether there is a correlation between disease and the presence of B. fragilis enterotoxin...
  49. Hsu R, Tsay Y, Wang S, Chu S. Surgical treatment for primary infected aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, and iliac arteries. J Vasc Surg. 2002;36:746-50 pubmed
    ..In this retrospective review, we report the surgical results of infected aortic aneurysms treated at a single center over 5 years...
  50. Saito T, Senda K, Takakura S, Fujihara N, Kudo T, Linuma Y, et al. Anaerobic bacteremia: the yield of positive anaerobic blood cultures: patient characteristics and potential risk factors. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2003;41:293-7 pubmed
    ..Therefore, anaerobic blood cultures may be selectively used according to the potential risk for anaerobic infections...
  51. Nakano V, Gomes D, Arantes R, Nicoli J, Avila Campos M. Evaluation of the pathogenicity of the Bacteroides fragilis toxin gene subtypes in gnotobiotic mice. Curr Microbiol. 2006;53:113-7 pubmed
    ..fragilis. In conclusion, strains harboring bft-1 or bft-2 gene subtypes were able to induce histopathological alterations in intestine of a gnotobiotic mice model and it could explain the effect produced for the enterotoxin...
  52. Miragliotta G, Del Gaudio T, Tajani E, Mosca A. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron in posthysterectomy infection. Anaerobe. 2006;12:276-8 pubmed
  53. Lofmark S, Jernberg C, Jansson J, Edlund C. Clindamycin-induced enrichment and long-term persistence of resistant Bacteroides spp. and resistance genes. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2006;58:1160-7 pubmed
    ..The aim was to study the long-term consequences of 1 week clindamycin administration regarding selection and persistence of resistance, resistance determinants and diversity of the Bacteroides spp. in the intestinal microflora...
  54. Vieira J, Seabra S, Vallim D, Américo M, Fracallanza S, Vommaro R, et al. Bacteroides fragilis induce necrosis on mice peritoneal macrophages: In vitro and in vivo assays. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009;387:627-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The results revealed that B. fragilis strains studied lead to macrophage death by a process similar to necrosis...
  55. Cordero Laurent E, Rodriguez C, Rodríguez Cavallini E, Gamboa Coronado M, Quesada Gómez C. Resistance of Bacteroides isolates recovered among clinical samples from a major Costa Rican hospital between 2000 and 2008 to ß-lactams, clindamycin, metronidazole, and chloramphenicol. Rev Esp Quimioter. 2012;25:261-5 pubmed
    ..To assess the susceptibility of 100 isolates of Bacteroides spp. recovered in a major Costa Rican hospital between 2000 and 2008 to several ß-lactams, chloramphenicol, clindamycin and metronidazole...
  56. Shoemaker N, Vlamakis H, Hayes K, Salyers A. Evidence for extensive resistance gene transfer among Bacteroides spp. and among Bacteroides and other genera in the human colon. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001;67:561-8 pubmed
    ..from healthy people with no recent history of antibiotic use as in isolates obtained from patients with Bacteroides infections. This finding indicates that resistance transfer is occurring in the community and not just in clinical ..
  57. van den Berg M, Aarts N, van t Wout J. [Two patients with fever, chills and pain in the right upper abdominal quadrant accompanied by hyperbilirubinaemia: pylephlebitis]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2003;147:1337-40 pubmed
    ..The duration of treatment is between two and six weeks, depending on the presence of liver abscesses. In patients with abscesses that cannot be drained, longer treatment may be indicated...
  58. Song Y, Liu C, Lee J, Bolanos M, Vaisanen M, Finegold S. "Bacteroides goldsteinii sp. nov." isolated from clinical specimens of human intestinal origin. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:4522-7 pubmed
    ..nov," is proposed. The G+C content of the DNA is 43 mol% for Bacteroides. The type strain of "B. goldsteinii" is WAL 12034(T) (= CCUG 48944(T) = ATCC BAA-1180(T))...
  59. Pumbwe L, Skilbeck C, Wexler H. Impact of anatomic site on growth, efflux-pump expression, cell structure, and stress responsiveness of Bacteroides fragilis. Curr Microbiol. 2007;55:362-5 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrate that (1) B. fragilis acquires stable traits from various in vivo microenvironments; (2) that EPs are involved in stress responsiveness; and (3) that EP expression is tightly controlled and site dependent...
  60. Lacević A, Pojskić L, Lojo N, Ramic J, Bajrovic K. Tannerella forsythia detected in infected root canals using nested PCR. Am J Dent. 2009;22:211-4 pubmed
    ..This study assessed the occurrence of Tannerella forsythia in patients with acute and chronic primary endodontic infections...
  61. Galandiuk S, Lamos J, Montgomery W, Young S, Polk H. Antibiotic penetration of experimental intra-abdominal abscesses. Am Surg. 1995;61:521-5 pubmed
    ..Selection of antibiotics with a greater ability to penetrate abscess may be important in optimally treating patients with abdominal infection...
  62. Bjerke G, Wilson R, Storrø O, Øyen T, Johnsen R, Rudi K. Mother-to-child transmission of and multiple-strain colonization by Bacteroides fragilis in a cohort of mothers and their children. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:8318-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The significance of our findings is that we have started unraveling the transmission and persistence patterns of one of the most important human gut colonizers...
  63. Hamady Z. Novel xylan-controlled delivery of therapeutic proteins to inflamed colon by the human anaerobic commensal bacterium. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2013;95:235-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the short half-life necessitates repeated dosage with large amounts of the growth factor, which may have dangerous side effects, hence the importance of temporal and spatial control of growth factor delivery...
  64. Kimura S, Ooshima T, Takiguchi M, Sasaki Y, Amano A, Morisaki I, et al. Periodontopathic bacterial infection in childhood. J Periodontol. 2002;73:20-6 pubmed
    ..We assessed the prevalence by age of 10 putative periodontopathic microorganisms in periodontally healthy children using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
  65. Studd R, Stewart P. Images in clinical medicine. Intraabdominal abscess after acupuncture. N Engl J Med. 2004;350:1763 pubmed
  66. Hurt R, Matheson P, Mays M, Garrison R. Immune-enhancing diet and cytokine expression during chronic sepsis: an immune-enhancing diet containing L-arginine, fish oil, and RNA fragments promotes intestinal cytokine expression during chronic sepsis in rats. J Gastrointest Surg. 2006;10:46-53 pubmed
  67. Nagy E, Urban E, Nord C. Antimicrobial susceptibility of Bacteroides fragilis group isolates in Europe: 20 years of experience. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011;17:371-9 pubmed publisher
    ..4%), whereas, for clindamycin, the resistance rates were higher in Mediterranean (41.8%) and lower in Scandinavian countries (22.5%). Piperacillin/tazobactam resistance was also higher in Scandinavian countries...
  68. Madsen M, Høi Sørensen G, Aalbaek B, Hansen J, Bjørn H. Summer mastitis in heifers: studies on the seasonal occurrence of Actinomyces pyogenes, Peptostreptococcus indolicus and Bacteroidaceae in clinically healthy cattle in Denmark. Vet Microbiol. 1992;30:243-55 pubmed
  69. Le Goff B, Agard C, Hamidou M, Tessier M, Boutoille D, Bonnel C, et al. [Endocarditis due to Bacteroides fragilis revealed by portal thrombosis: a case report]. Rev Med Interne. 2004;25:473-5 pubmed
  70. Grisold A, Wendelin I, Presterl E, Raggam R, Masoud L, Badura A, et al. In vitro activity of ten antibiotics, including tigecycline, against Bacteroides species in Austria. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007;26:525-7 pubmed
  71. Kuwahara T, Norimatsu I, Nakayama H, Akimoto S, Kataoka K, Arimochi H, et al. Genetic variation in 16S-23S rDNA internal transcribed spacer regions and the possible use of this genetic variation for molecular diagnosis of Bacteroides species. Microbiol Immunol. 2001;45:191-9 pubmed
    ..fragilis, B. thetaiotaomicron and B. ovatus. These results suggest that the ITS region is a useful target for the development of rapid and accurate techniques for identification of Bacteroides species...
  72. Takaishi Y, Morii H, Miki T. The benzoyl-DL arginine-naphthylamide (BANA) test and polymerase chain reaction measurement of pathogenic bacteria can assess the severity of periodontal disease. Int J Tissue React. 2003;25:19-24 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the BANA test and PCR measurement of bacteria are useful methods for detecting pathogenic bacteria that promote alveolar tissue destruction...
  73. Lamy A, Tissot B, Pigot F. [Perineal necrotizing cellulitis disclosing rectal adenocarcinoma]. Ann Chir. 2003;128:630-2 pubmed
    ..Diagnosis is mainly clinical. Treatment is urgent with large spectrum antibiotic therapy, surgical debridement, colostomy and hyperbaric oxygen if available. Surgical treatment of the rectal cancer can be done immediately or delayed...
  74. Wick E, Sears C. Bacteroides spp. and diarrhea. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2010;23:470-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this review is to describe recent progress in the understanding of the role of Bacteroides spp. in human diarrheal diseases and newer murine studies implicating certain Bacteroides spp. in colorectal cancer...
  75. Merino V, Nakano V, Liu C, Song Y, Finegold S, Avila Campos M. Quantitative detection of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis subtypes isolated from children with and without diarrhea. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:416-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This technique could be used to evaluate a possible correlation between disease and the presence of B. fragilis enterotoxin...
  76. Prindiville T, Sheikh R, Cohen S, Tang Y, Cantrell M, Silva J. Bacteroides fragilis enterotoxin gene sequences in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2000;6:171-4 pubmed
    ..2%) of 83 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Of 57 patients with active disease, 19.3% were toxin positive; none of those with inactive disease had specimens positive for enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis gene sequences...
  77. Frick J, Zahir N, Müller M, Kahl F, Bechtold O, Lutz M, et al. Colitogenic and non-colitogenic commensal bacteria differentially trigger DC maturation and Th cell polarization: an important role for IL-6. Eur J Immunol. 2006;36:1537-47 pubmed
    ..coli-triggered colitis development by B. vulgatus in vivo; high IL-6 mRNA expression was consistently found in B. vulgatus-colonized or B. vulgatus/E. coli co-colonized IL-2(-/-) mice and was associated with absence of colitis...
  78. Rocha E, Tzianabos A, Smith C. Thioredoxin reductase is essential for thiol/disulfide redox control and oxidative stress survival of the anaerobe Bacteroides fragilis. J Bacteriol. 2007;189:8015-23 pubmed
    ..Taken together, these data strongly suggest that TrxB/Trx is the major, if not the sole, thiol/disulfide redox system in this anaerobe required for survival and abscess formation in a peritoneal cavity infection model...
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    ..In the studied population the patient that first presented to primary care seems to have been appropriately managed and referred...
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  81. Kawakami T, Suzuki H, Suzuki M, Hirose Y. Spondylodiscitis complicated by an epidural abscess and meningitis caused by Bacteroides fragilis. Intern Med. 2012;51:3189-91 pubmed
    ..fragilis was detected in the blood of the patient. Moreover, the patient had a splenic abscess that was confirmed on magnetic resonance imaging. The patient completely recovered with antimicrobial therapy alone...
  82. Choudhry M, Uddin S, Sayeed M. Prostaglandin E2 modulation of p59fyn tyrosine kinase in T lymphocytes during sepsis. J Immunol. 1998;160:929-35 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that PGE2 released during sepsis could contribute to the sepsis-related suppression in T cell proliferation by attenuating p59fyn phosphorylation and its kinase activity...
  83. Antoniades K, Hadjipetrou L, Antoniades V, Antoniades D. Acute tongue abscess. Report of three cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004;97:570-3 pubmed
    ..Three cases of tongue abscess are reported, along with discussion of the presentation, pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, and management of this disease...
  84. Sóki J, Edwards R, Urban E, Fodor E, Beer Z, Nagy E. Screening of isolates from faeces for carbapenem-resistant Bacteroides strains; existence of strains with novel types of resistance mechanisms. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2004;24:450-4 pubmed
    ..fragilis strains. The cfiA-negative strains exhibited lower levels of carbapenem resistance and varying levels of carbapenemase activity, suggesting that other resistance mechanisms may also exist...
  85. Bourgoin A, Leone M, Martin C. [Therapeutic management of peritonitis]. Med Mal Infect. 2004;34:183-95 pubmed
    ..An antifungal treatment (fluconazole) is usually necessary, at least until the results of peritoneal fluid culture are available. The duration of treatment is quite variable, ranging from 48 h in less severe forms to 14 days...
  86. Huelves L, Gracia M, del Prado G, Rodriguez Cerrato V, Martínez Marín C, Ponte C, et al. Efficacy of cefminox compared with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid as a single dose for the prevention of intra-abdominal sepsis in mice intraperitoneally infected with different strains of Escherichia coli and one strain of Bacteroides fragilis. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2006;28:151-3 pubmed
  87. de O Ferreira E, Araújo Lobo L, Barreiros Petrópolis D, dos S Avelar K, Ferreira M, e Silva Filho F, et al. A Bacteroides fragilis surface glycoprotein mediates the interaction between the bacterium and the extracellular matrix component laminin-1. Res Microbiol. 2006;157:960-6 pubmed
    ..fragilis to LMN-1 are present in OMP extracts. Taken together, our results strongly indicate that a B. fragilis surface glycoprotein may play a key role in bacterial association with LMN-1...
  88. Juárez Escalona I, Díaz Carandell A, Aboul Hons Centenero S, Monner Diéguez A, Marí Roig A, Arranz Obispo C, et al. Lemierre Syndrome associated with dental infections. Report of one case and review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2007;12:E394-6 pubmed
    ..We present a case report of Lemierre Syndrome associated to an odonthogenic infection caused by the 4.8 molar...
  89. Kovacic V, Ljutic D, Jelicic I, Sain M, Radić J, Radic M. Spleen rupture associated with septic emboli and endocarditis in a hemodialysis patient. Blood Purif. 2013;35:177-80 pubmed
    ..Ultrasound scan of abdomen is fast, inexpensive and easy to perform. As mortality is high, early surgical intervention on vascular access is mandatory. ..
  90. Jung S, Kang S, Ahn C. Sample size calculations for clustered binary data. Stat Med. 2001;20:1971-82 pubmed
    ..The optimal estimator requires equal or smaller sample sizes and is more robust to the misspecification of an input parameter than those assigning equal weights to units or clusters...
  91. Hasebe A, Yoshimura A, Into T, Kataoka H, Tanaka S, Arakawa S, et al. Biological activities of Bacteroides forsythus lipoproteins and their possible pathological roles in periodontal disease. Infect Immun. 2004;72:1318-25 pubmed
    ..Thus, this study suggested that BfLP plays some etiological roles in oral infections, especially periodontal disease, by induction of cell activation or apoptosis...
  92. Medina C, Santana A, Llopis M, Paz Cabrera M, Antolin M, Mourelle M, et al. Induction of colonic transmural inflammation by Bacteroides fragilis: implication of matrix metalloproteinases. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2005;11:99-105 pubmed
    ..We hypothesized that Bacteroides fragilis-produced metalloproteinases (MMPs) are responsible for bacterial migration through the intestinal wall and transmural inflammation...