anaplasmataceae infections

Summary

Summary: Infections with bacteria of the family ANAPLASMATACEAE.

Top Publications

  1. Rikihisa Y. New findings on members of the family Anaplasmataceae of veterinary importance. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006;1078:438-45 pubmed
    ..It is through this work that surveillance, diagnosis, preventive measures, and treatment of ehrlichioses of both animals and humans can be improved...
  2. Tabara K, Arai S, Kawabuchi T, Itagaki A, Ishihara C, Satoh H, et al. Molecular survey of Babesia microti, Ehrlichia species and Candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis in wild rodents from Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Microbiol Immunol. 2007;51:359-67 pubmed
    ..muris in only a single positive sample. This study demonstrates the presence of several potentially important tick-borne pathogens in Shimane Prefecture and suggests the need for further study on the causative agents of FUOs...
  3. Park B, Kim M, Kim E, Kim M, Na D, Chae J. Identification of trematode cercariae carrying Neorickettsia risticii in freshwater stream snails. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2003;990:239-47 pubmed
    ..1. However, there was no amplification of N. risticii from these metacercariae...
  4. Rikihisa Y, Zhang C, Kanter M, Cheng Z, Ohashi N, Fukuda T. Analysis of p51, groESL, and the major antigen P51 in various species of Neorickettsia, an obligatory intracellular bacterium that infects trematodes and mammals. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:3823-6 pubmed
    ..groESL sequencing results delineated the phylogenic relationships among Neorickettsia spp...
  5. Beninati T, Piccolo G, Rizzoli A, Genchi C, Bandi C. Anaplasmataceae in wild rodents and roe deer from Trento Province (northern Italy). Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006;25:677-8 pubmed
  6. Pusterla N, Johnson E, Chae J, Madigan J. Digenetic trematodes, Acanthatrium sp. and Lecithodendrium sp., as vectors of Neorickettsia risticii, the agent of Potomac horse fever. J Helminthol. 2003;77:335-9 pubmed
    ..risticii. The data also suggest that bats and swallows not only act as a host for trematodes but also as a possible natural reservoir for N. risticii...
  7. Kawahara M, Rikihisa Y, Isogai E, Takahashi M, Misumi H, Suto C, et al. Ultrastructure and phylogenetic analysis of 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis' in the family Anaplasmataceae, isolated from wild rats and found in Ixodes ovatus ticks. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:1837-43 pubmed
    ..It is proposed that this new cluster of bacteria should be designated 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis'...
  8. Rar V, Golovljova I. Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, and "Candidatus Neoehrlichia" bacteria: pathogenicity, biodiversity, and molecular genetic characteristics, a review. Infect Genet Evol. 2011;11:1842-61 pubmed publisher
    ..This review briefs the ecology, pathogenic properties, and molecular genetic diversity of Anaplasmataceae validated species, "Candidatus" species, and undefined novel Ehrlichia genetic variants...
  9. Headley S, Vidotto O, Scorpio D, Dumler J, Mankowski J. Suspected cases of Neorickettsia-like organisms in Brazilian dogs. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004;1026:79-83 pubmed
    ..We have named this organism Neorickettsia helminthoeca-like because of its marked similarity with the agent described in the United States...

More Information

Publications87

  1. Welinder Olsson C, Kjellin E, Vaht K, Jacobsson S, Wenneras C. First case of human "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" infection in a febrile patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:1956-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Amplification of 16S rRNA gene sequences from blood and sequence analysis revealed "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis." We report the first case of human disease caused by "Ca. Neoehrlichia mikurensis."..
  2. Diniz P, Schulz B, Hartmann K, Breitschwerdt E. "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" infection in a dog from Germany. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:2059-62 pubmed publisher
    ..quot;Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" infection in a chronically neutropenic dog from Germany was confirmed by DNA sequencing. The same organism was previously described from ticks and two sick human beings from Germany...
  3. Pekova S, Vydra J, Kabickova H, Frankova S, Haugvicova R, Mazal O, et al. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis infection identified in 2 hematooncologic patients: benefit of molecular techniques for rare pathogen detection. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011;69:266-70 pubmed publisher
    ..In both individuals, the clinical presentation suggested ehrlichiosis-like syndrome. We believe that molecular techniques open new vistas in the field of pathogen detection...
  4. Gibson K, Rikihisa Y, Zhang C, Martin C. Neorickettsia risticii is vertically transmitted in the trematode Acanthatrium oregonense and horizontally transmitted to bats. Environ Microbiol. 2005;7:203-12 pubmed
    ..fuscus and M. lucifugus bats, suggesting that N. risticii can also be transmitted horizontally from trematode to bat. These results indicate that A. oregonense is a natural reservoir and probably a vector of N. risticii...
  5. Yabsley M, Murphy S, Luttrell M, Wilcox B, Ruckdeschel C. Raccoons (Procyon lotor), but not rodents, are natural and experimental hosts for an ehrlichial organism related to "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis". Vet Microbiol. 2008;131:301-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the molecular and natural history uniqueness of this organism from raccoons, we propose that this represents a novel species in the "Candidatus Neoehrlichia" group of ehrlichial organisms...
  6. Lin M, Zhang C, Gibson K, Rikihisa Y. Analysis of complete genome sequence of Neorickettsia risticii: causative agent of Potomac horse fever. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37:6076-91 pubmed publisher
    ..These data provide insights toward genomic potential of N. risticii and intracellular parasitism, and facilitate our understanding of PHF pathogenesis...
  7. von Loewenich F, Geissdörfer W, Disqué C, Matten J, Schett G, Sakka S, et al. Detection of "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" in two patients with severe febrile illnesses: evidence for a European sequence variant. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:2630-5 pubmed publisher
    ..16S rRNA and groEL gene sequencing provided evidence of three groups of sequence variants...
  8. Lin Q, Rikihisa Y, Ohashi N, Zhi N. Mechanisms of variable p44 expression by Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Infect Immun. 2003;71:5650-61 pubmed
    ..The data suggest that the P44 antigenic repertoire within the hypervariable region is restricted...
  9. Dunn J, Searcy G, Hirsch V. The diagnostic significance of a positive direct antiglobulin test in anemic cats. Can J Comp Med. 1984;48:349-53 pubmed
    ..A positive reaction should be interpreted cautiously especially when there is no clinical or laboratory evidence to support a diagnosis of autoimmune hemolytic anemia. ..
  10. Brown W, Barbet A. Persistent Infections and Immunity in Ruminants to Arthropod-Borne Bacteria in the Family Anaplasmataceae. Annu Rev Anim Biosci. 2016;4:177-97 pubmed publisher
    ..This indicates highly adapted strategies of Anaplasma spp. to both suppress protective immune responses and evade those that do develop. However, conserved subdominant antigens are potential targets for immunization. ..
  11. Bajer A, Pawelczyk A, Behnke J, Gilbert F, Sinski E. Factors affecting the component community structure of haemoparasites in bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus) from the Mazury Lake District region of Poland. Parasitology. 2001;122 Pt 1:43-54 pubmed
  12. Baird J, Arroyo L. Historical aspects of Potomac horse fever in Ontario (1924-2010). Can Vet J. 2013;54:565-72 pubmed
  13. Schoeman T, Lobetti R, Jacobson L, Penzhorn B. Feline babesiosis: signalment, clinical pathology and concurrent infections. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2001;72:4-11 pubmed
    ..A close correlation was evident between peripheral and central parasite counts. Concurrent infections with Haemobartonella felis, feline immunodeficiency virus and/or feline leukemia virus were identified in a number of cats. ..
  14. Lee M, Yu D, Yoon J, Li Y, Lee J, Park J. Natural co-infection of Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Anaplasma bovis in a deer in South Korea. J Vet Med Sci. 2009;71:101-3 pubmed
    ..The results of the PCR assay revealed natural co-infection of E. chaffeensis and A. bovis in the deer. This indicates that deer may be a natural reservoir of both E. chaffeensis and A. bovis in South Korea...
  15. Kocan K, De La Fuente J. Co-feeding studies of ticks infected with Anaplasma marginale. Vet Parasitol. 2003;112:295-305 pubmed
    ..marginale transmission. A. marginale infections in male ticks were not increased while co-feeding with females. Thus, co-feeding of adult Dermacentor spp. does not appear to influence the dynamics of A. marginale transmission. ..
  16. Desser S. The blood parasites of the spiny pocket mouse Liomys salvini (Thomas, 1893) from Costa Rica. J Parasitol. 2000;86:156-7 pubmed
    ..Sixty percent of the mice harbored Trypanosoma zeledoni, 5% an unnamed species of Hepatozoon, and 20% of the mice were infected with a species of Haemobartonella...
  17. McGrotty Y, Knottenbelt C. Oesophageal stricture in a cat due to oral administration of tetracyclines. J Small Anim Pract. 2002;43:221-3 pubmed
    ..To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of oesophageal strictures associated with oral administration of tetracyclines in a cat in the UK...
  18. Lappin M, Brewer M, Radecki S. Effects of imidocarb dipropionate in cats with chronic haemobartonellosis. Vet Ther. 2002;3:144-9 pubmed
    ..Two persistently PCR-negative cats were given one dose of methylprednisolone acetate; one was PCR-positive 10 days later. There was no evidence of significant toxicity associated with this imidocarb treatment protocol...
  19. Ishak A, Radecki S, Lappin M. Prevalence of Mycoplasma haemofelis, 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum', Bartonella species, Ehrlichia species, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum DNA in the blood of cats with anemia. J Feline Med Surg. 2007;9:1-7 pubmed
    ..2%) and 13 of 87 healthy cats (14.9%); DNA of a Bartonella species was amplified from five of 89 cats with anemia (5.6%) and seven of 87 healthy cats (8.0%). There were no statistically significant differences detected between groups...
  20. Dillberger J, Loudy D, Adler R, Gass J. Hemobartonella-like parasites in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Vet Pathol. 1994;31:301-7 pubmed
    ..The relationship between the organisms and the anemias in these monkeys was unclear. This report adds rickettsial erythrocyte infections to the list of latent infections that can complicate research studies with cynomolgus monkeys. ..
  21. Zhang L, Liu H, Xu B, Lu Q, Li L, Chang L, et al. Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in domestic animals in ten provinces/cities of China. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;87:185-9 pubmed publisher
    ..5% for Ixodes persulcatus, 7.5% (3 of 40) for Boophilus microplus, and 5.2% for Rhipicephalus sanguineus, respectively. The evidence in the study indicated the zoonotic Rickettsia is highly prevalent in China. ..
  22. Li H, Jiang J, Liu W, Zheng Y, Huo Q, Tang K, et al. Human infection with Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis, China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:1636-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified in 7 infected patients and natural foci for this bacterium. Field surveys showed that 1.6% of ticks and 3.8% of rodents collected from residences of patients were also infected...
  23. Ekner A, Dudek K, Sajkowska Z, Majlathova V, Majláth I, Tryjanowski P. Anaplasmataceae and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in the sand lizard Lacerta agilis and co-infection of these bacteria in hosted Ixodes ricinus ticks. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:182 pubmed publisher
    ..Anaplasmataceae and Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. are important tick-borne bacteria maintained in nature by transmission between ticks and vertebrate hosts. However, the potential role of lizards as hosts has not been sufficiently studied...
  24. Berent L, Messick J, Cooper S, Cusick P. Specific in situ hybridization of Haemobartonella felis with a DNA probe and tyramide signal amplification. Vet Pathol. 2000;37:47-53 pubmed
    ..felis-infected cat. This in situ hybridization study is the final step in fulfilling the molecular guidelines for disease causation and proves that H. felis, a mycoplasmal organism, is the causative agent of feline infectious anemia...
  25. Sashika M, Abe G, Matsumoto K, Inokuma H. Molecular survey of Anaplasma and Ehrlichia infections of feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Hokkaido, Japan. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011;11:349-54 pubmed publisher
    ..bovis infection of raccoons and Haemaphysalis infestation. In conclusion, raccoons could be possible reservoir animals for A. bovis, and A. bovis infection in raccoons may be related to infestation with Haemaphysalis spp...
  26. Sacchi A, Duarte J, André M, Machado R. Prevalence and molecular characterization of Anaplasmataceae agents in free-ranging Brazilian marsh deer (Blastocerus dichotomus). Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012;35:325-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that Brazilian marsh deer are exposed to E. chaffeensis and Anaplasma spp. and may act as reservoirs for these rickettsial agents, playing a role in disease transmission to humans and other animals...
  27. Silaghi C, Beck R, Oteo J, Pfeffer M, Sprong H. Neoehrlichiosis: an emerging tick-borne zoonosis caused by Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis. Exp Appl Acarol. 2016;68:279-97 pubmed publisher
  28. Huchzermeyer F, Horak I, Putterill J, Earlé R. Description of Aegyptianella botuliformis n. sp. (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) from the helmeted guineafowl, Numida meleagris. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 1992;59:97-101 pubmed
    ..it is believed that the latter are the vectors of A. botuliformis n. sp. In addition to the Kruger National Park, positive blood smears were obtained from guineafowls at other localities in the Transvaal...
  29. Lang F, Ferrier G, Nicholls T. Detection of antibodies to Eperythrozoon ovis by the use of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Res Vet Sci. 1987;43:249-52 pubmed
    ..Positive control sera gave a titre of 1:3200 by IFAT and 1:25,600 by ELISA. Through the use of a reference titration curve ELISA could be used as a semi-quantitative system to determine antibody levels in test sera. ..
  30. Stefancikova A, Derdakova M, Lenčáková D, Ivanova R, Stanko M, Cislakova L, et al. Serological and molecular detection of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Anaplasmataceae in rodents. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2008;53:493-9 pubmed publisher
    ..8 %, 2.7 % were infected with Anaplasma-like organisms. Co-occurrence of Borrelia and Anaplasma in ear biopsies was found in 1.8 %. The circulation of both Borrelia and Anaplasma in the region of Eastern Slovakia was confirmed. ..
  31. Hofmann Lehmann R, Wagmann N, Meli M, Riond B, Novacco M, Joekel D, et al. Detection of 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis' and other Anaplasmataceae and Rickettsiaceae in Canidae in Switzerland and Mediterranean countries. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2016;158:691-700 pubmed publisher
  32. Anziani O, Tarabla H, Ford C. [Eperythrozoon teganodes infection in splenectomized calves in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina]. Rev Argent Microbiol. 1982;14:37-40 pubmed
    ..The finding of Eperythrozoon teganodes in splenectomized calves from the Santa Fe province, Argentina, is reported. The morphology of the agent and the clinical characteristics of the infection are described. ..
  33. Jensen W, Lappin M, Kamkar S, Reagan W. Use of a polymerase chain reaction assay to detect and differentiate two strains of Haemobartonella felis in naturally infected cats. Am J Vet Res. 2001;62:604-8 pubmed
    ..felis-OH) and the California strain of H. felis (H. felis-CA) and to apply the assay to blood samples from cats with and without suspected haemobartonellosis (suspect and control cats, respectively)...
  34. Foley J, Harrus S, Poland A, Chomel B, Pedersen N. Molecular, clinical, and pathologic comparison of two distinct strains of Haemobartonella felis in domestic cats. Am J Vet Res. 1998;59:1581-8 pubmed
    ..To characterize 2 strains of Haemobartonella felis by use of molecular techniques...
  35. Alleman A, Pate M, Harvey J, Gaskin J, Barbet A. Western immunoblot analysis of the antigens of Haemobartonella felis with sera from experimentally infected cats. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37:1474-9 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that one or more of these antigens might be useful for the serologic diagnosis of H. felis infections in cats...
  36. Clark P, Foster S, Spencer P. Detection of Haemobartonella felis (Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis) in Australia that is similar to the 'Ohio' strain. Aust Vet J. 2002;80:703-4; discussion 704 pubmed
  37. Svitálková Z, Haruštiaková D, Mahríková L, Mojšová M, Berthová L, Slovák M, et al. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis in ticks and rodents from urban and natural habitats of South-Western Slovakia. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:2 pubmed publisher
    ..phagocytophilum prevailed in the urban/suburban habitat (75.0%). The study confirmed the circulation of CNM between I. ricinus ticks and rodents in South-Western Slovakia, and indicates a potential risk of contracting human infections. ..
  38. Wang X, Kikuchi T, Rikihisa Y. Two monoclonal antibodies with defined epitopes of P44 major surface proteins neutralize Anaplasma phagocytophilum by distinct mechanisms. Infect Immun. 2006;74:1873-82 pubmed
    ..The results indicate that antibodies directed to certain epitopes of P44 proteins have a critical role in inhibiting A. phagocytophilum infection of host cells...
  39. Jahfari S, Fonville M, Hengeveld P, Reusken C, Scholte E, Takken W, et al. Prevalence of Neoehrlichia mikurensis in ticks and rodents from North-west Europe. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:74 pubmed publisher
    ..An Ehrlichia-like schotti variant has been described in questing Ixodes ricinus ticks, which could be identical to Neoehrlichia mikurensis...
  40. Berent L, Messick J, Cooper S. Detection of Haemobartonella felis in cats with experimentally induced acute and chronic infections, using a polymerase chain reaction assay. Am J Vet Res. 1998;59:1215-20 pubmed
    ..To develop a test for detection of Haemobartonella felis, using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
  41. Dowers K, Olver C, Radecki S, Lappin M. Use of enrofloxacin for treatment of large-form Haemobartonella felis in experimentally infected cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002;221:250-3 pubmed
    ..To compare treatment with enrofloxacin and doxycycline with no treatment in cats experimentally infected with Haemobartonella felis...
  42. Birkenheuer A, Breitschwerdt E, Alleman A, Pitulle C. Differentiation of Haemobartonella canis and Mycoplasma haemofelis on the basis of comparative analysis of gene sequences. Am J Vet Res. 2002;63:1385-8 pubmed
    ..To determine whether Haemobartonella canis and Mycoplasma haemofelis (formerly known as H felis [large form]) can be differentiated by use of comparative analysis of gene sequences...
  43. Vaughan J, Tkach V, Greiman S. Neorickettsial endosymbionts of the digenea: diversity, transmission and distribution. Adv Parasitol. 2012;79:253-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Rapid advances in molecular tools and their application towards bacterial identification bode well for our future progress in understanding the biology of Neorickettsia...
  44. Sykes J. Feline hemotropic mycoplasmosis (feline hemobartonellosis). Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2003;33:773-89 pubmed
    ..Affected cats should be tested for FeLV, the most common concurrent infection in cats with FHM...
  45. Heller M, McClure J, Pusterla N, Pusterla J, Stahel S. Two cases of Neorickettsia (Ehrlichia) risticii infection in horses from Nova Scotia. Can Vet J. 2004;45:421-3 pubmed
    ..These are the first reported cases of PHF in the Maritime Provinces...
  46. Harrus S, Klement E, Aroch I, Stein T, Bark H, Lavy E, et al. Retrospective study of 46 cases of feline haemobartonellosis in Israel and their relationships with FeLV and FIV infections. Vet Rec. 2002;151:82-5 pubmed
    ..The cats infected with both Haemobartonella felis and FeLV had a significantly lower body temperature, were more anaemic and the mean cell volume of their erythrocytes was greater than in the cats with haemobartonellosis alone...
  47. Heinritzi K, Peteranderl W, Plank G. [Eperythrozoon infection in swine: effect on the acid-base balance and the glucose, lactate and pyruvate content of venous blood]. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 1990;97:31-4 pubmed
    ..It seems likely that E. suis itself is able to metabolize glucose. Acidosis is considered to result from both the increase of lactic acid (metabolic component) and an impairment of pulmonary gas exchange (respiratory component)...
  48. MacWilliams P. Erythrocytic rickettsia and protozoa of the dog and cat. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1987;17:1443-61 pubmed
  49. Johns J, Borjesson D. Downregulation of CXCL12 signaling and altered hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell trafficking in a murine model of acute Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection. Innate Immun. 2012;18:418-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Reduction of CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling simultaneously occurs with HSPC mobilization from bone marrow. Findings suggest that deranged CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling plays a causal role in HSPC mobilization during acute A. phagocytophilum infection...
  50. Norris M, Rahaley R, Whittaker R. Effect of Eperythrozoon ovis on the lysis of sheep erythrocytes in the complement fixation test. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1987;16:283-8 pubmed
    ..ovis parasitaemia. The results emphasise the need to carefully monitor the haematological parameters of sheep used as sources of erythrocytes for the complement fixation test...
  51. Hoskins J. Canine haemobartonellosis, canine hepatozoonosis, and feline cytauxzoonosis. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1991;21:129-40 pubmed
    ..Information concerning these less common tick-borne diseases are discussed, including their causative agents and their relationship to disease pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention...
  52. Durán M, Marqués F. Detection of Neorickettsia risticii, the agent of Potomac horse fever, in a Gypsy Vanner stallion from Manitoba. Can Vet J. 2016;57:293-5 pubmed
    ..i> Il s’agit du premier cas de fièvre du Potomac au Manitoba.(Traduit par Isabelle Vallières). ..
  53. Reubel G, Dean G, George J, Barlough J, Pedersen N. Effects of incidental infections and immune activation on disease progression in experimentally feline immunodeficiency virus-infected cats. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1994;7:1003-15 pubmed
    ..It was concluded that repeated immune stimulation did not have a deleterious effect on the course of FIV-induced immunodeficiency...
  54. Headley S, Scorpio D, Vidotto O, Dumler J. Neorickettsia helminthoeca and salmon poisoning disease: a review. Vet J. 2011;187:165-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the biological cycles, treatment, control, and both public and veterinary health impacts associated with this pathogen and the intestinal fluke N. salmincola are discussed...
  55. Ayllon T, Diniz P, Breitschwerdt E, Villaescusa A, Rodriguez Franco F, Sainz A. Vector-borne diseases in client-owned and stray cats from Madrid, Spain. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012;12:143-50 pubmed publisher
    ..About 9.9% of cats had antibody reactivity to more than one agent. L. infantum DNA was amplified from four cats (0.6%), B. henselae DNA from one cat (0.15%), and B. clarridgeiae DNA from another cat (0.15%)...
  56. Maurer F, Keller P, Beuret C, Joha C, Achermann Y, Gubler J, et al. Close geographic association of human neoehrlichiosis and tick populations carrying "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" in eastern Switzerland. J Clin Microbiol. 2013;51:169-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Neoehrlichia mikurensis" was between 3.5 to 8% in pools of either nymphs, males, or females, showing a strong geographic association between the three patients and the assumed vector...
  57. Michel J, de Thoisy B, Contamin H. Chemotherapy of haemobartonellosis in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). J Med Primatol. 2000;29:85-7 pubmed
    ..However, we report here that such antibiotic therapy is often ineffective and that neoarsphenamine chemotherapy may be considered as an alternative to cure both latent and patent haemobartonellosis in S. sciureus monkeys...
  58. Coffman E, Abd Eldaim M, Craig L. Abortion in a horse following Neorickettsia risticii infection. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2008;20:827-30 pubmed
    ..risticii DNA. Potomac horse fever is a common disease in horses that may result in delayed abortion. The microscopic lesions in the fetus are characteristic, and the diagnosis can be confirmed by PCR on formalin-fixed tissues...
  59. Naitou H, Kawaguchi D, Nishimura Y, Inayoshi M, Kawamori F, Masuzawa T, et al. Molecular identification of Ehrlichia species and 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis' from ticks and wild rodents in Shizuoka and Nagano Prefectures, Japan. Microbiol Immunol. 2006;50:45-51 pubmed
    ..mikurensis' from 17 wild rodents. The data suggest the presence of additional genetic variants, and potential vectors and/or reservoirs for these bacteria in central Japan...
  60. Plank G, Heinritzi K. [Disseminated intravascular coagulation in eperythrozoonosis of swine]. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 1990;103:13-8 pubmed
    ..Anti-rickettsial therapy led to quick normalization of haemostasis. Various aspects of the cause and the consequences of the haemostatic defect are discussed with special regard to the underlying disease...
  61. Walory J, Bukowska B, Grzesiowski P, Czarnecka I, Paluchowska E, Zabielski S, et al. [Prevalence of antibodies against Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti i Borrelia burgdorferi in adults in North-Eastern Poland]. Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2005;19:754-7 pubmed
    ..of the study was to evaluate the seroprevalance of antibodies against Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia Microti in healthy north-eastern Poland, adult population...
  62. Berkenkamp S, Wescott R. Arthropod transmission of Eperythrozoon coccoides in mice. Lab Anim Sci. 1988;38:398-401 pubmed
    ..coccoides infections in recipient mice. Transovarial transmission of E. coccoides through P. serrata was not demonstrated. Transmission of E. coccoides by Myocoptes musculinus, Myobia musculi and Radfordia affinis was not observed...
  63. Zulty J, Kociba G. Cold agglutinins in cats with haemobartonellosis. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1990;196:907-10 pubmed
    ..These data indicate that cold agglutinins are associated with haemobartonellosis and suggest that immunologic responses to erythrocytic antigens have a role in the anemia...
  64. Lappin M, Griffin B, Brunt J, Riley A, Burney D, Hawley J, et al. Prevalence of Bartonella species, haemoplasma species, Ehrlichia species, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Neorickettsia risticii DNA in the blood of cats and their fleas in the United States. J Feline Med Surg. 2006;8:85-90 pubmed
    ..9%) and their fleas (65.2%). Results of this study support the recommendation to maintain flea control on cats in endemic areas...
  65. Martin B, Chrisp C, Averill D, Ringler D. The identification of Eperythrozoon ovis in anemic sheep. Lab Anim Sci. 1988;38:173-7 pubmed
    ..ovis. These findings indicate that this parasite can cause disease in sheep and therefore may interfere with biomedical research...
  66. Rikihisa Y, Zhang C, Christensen B. Molecular characterization of Aegyptianella pullorum (Rickettsiales, Anaplasmataceae). J Clin Microbiol. 2003;41:5294-7 pubmed
    ..A specific PCR test was developed to analyze A. pullorum DNA. Phylogenic analysis revealed A. pullorum is most closely related to Anaplasma spp...
  67. Johns J, Strasser J, Zinkl J, Christopher M. Lymph node aspirate from a California wine-country dog. Vet Clin Pathol. 2006;35:243-6 pubmed
    ..The cytologic finding of rickettsial inclusions within lymph node macrophages is reportedly seen within a majority of SPD cases and can be valuable in supporting a clinical suspicion of SPD, as it was in this case...
  68. Collett M, Doyle A, Reyers F, Kruse T, Fabian B. Fatal disseminated cryptococcosis and concurrent ehrlichiosis in a dog. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 1987;58:197-202 pubmed
    ..Cortical atrophy with T-cell depletion of lymph nodes as well as splenic lymphoid follicular atrophy, typical of chronic ehrlichiosis-induced cell mediated immunosuppression, could have predisposed to the fatal disseminated cryptococcis...
  69. Oliver O, Stämpfli H. Acute diarrhea in the adult horse: case example and review. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 2006;22:73-84 pubmed
  70. Carney H, England J. Feline hemobartonellosis. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1993;23:79-90 pubmed
    ..Prevention requires prudent health management of cats. Future advances in the knowledge of the disease will relate mainly to the development of a diagnostic technique that will allow identification of all infected cats...
  71. Vayssier Taussat M, Le Rhun D, Buffet J, Maaoui N, Galan M, Guivier E, et al. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis in bank voles, France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:2063-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Sequencing showed the isolates carried the same genotype as the bacteria that caused disease in humans and animals elsewhere in Europe...
  72. Djiba M, Mediannikov O, Mbengue M, Thiongane Y, Molez J, Seck M, et al. Survey of Anaplasmataceae bacteria in sheep from Senegal. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2013;45:1557-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors studied the role of bacteria belonging to Anaplasmataceae family as the causes of acute illnesses of sheep in West Africa...
  73. Boujon C, Schärer V, Bestetti G. [Haemobartonella detection in cat blood smears]. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 1991;133:135-6 pubmed
    ..Two useful staining methods for the diagnosis of haemobartonellosis on blood smears and distribution of Haemobartonellae on erythrocyte surfaces are shown...
  74. Headley S, Scorpio D, Barat N, Vidotto O, Dumler J. Neorickettsia helminthoeca in dog, Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:1303-4 pubmed
  75. Brinson J, Messick J. Use of a polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of Haemobartonella canis in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2001;218:1943-5, 1936 pubmed
    ..The PCR assay used for detection of H felis may be useful for the detection of H canis in dogs prior to blood donation, splenectomy, or treatment with immunosuppressive drugs...
  76. Westfall D, Jensen W, Reagan W, Radecki S, Lappin M. Inoculation of two genotypes of Hemobartonella felis (California and Ohio variants) to induce infection in cats and the response to treatment with azithromycin. Am J Vet Res. 2001;62:687-91 pubmed
  77. Yabsley M, Murphy S, Luttrell M, Wilcox B, Howerth E, Munderloh U. Characterization of 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia lotoris' (family Anaplasmataceae) from raccoons (Procyon lotor). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:2794-8 pubmed publisher
  78. Lin Q, Rikihisa Y, Felek S, Wang X, Massung R, Woldehiwet Z. Anaplasma phagocytophilum has a functional msp2 gene that is distinct from p44. Infect Immun. 2004;72:3883-9 pubmed
    ..These findings may be important in understanding roles that Msp2 proteins play in granulocytic ehrlichia infection and evolution of the polymorphic major outer membrane protein gene families in Anaplasma species...