pleural tuberculosis

Summary

Summary: Tuberculosis of the serous membrane lining the thoracic cavity and surrounding the lungs.

Top Publications

  1. Morisson P, Neves D. Evaluation of adenosine deaminase in the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis: a Brazilian meta-analysis. J Bras Pneumol. 2008;34:217-24 pubmed
    To evaluate Brazilian studies by summarizing the accuracy of adenosine deaminase in the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis, with the objective of lending support to the movement to make the test part of the routine investigation of pleural ..
  2. Pai M, Flores L, Hubbard A, Riley L, Colford J. Nucleic acid amplification tests in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Infect Dis. 2004;4:6 pubmed
    ..We conducted a systematic review to determine the accuracy of nucleic acid amplification (NAA) tests in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis...
  3. Chegou N, Walzl G, Bolliger C, Diacon A, Van Den Heuvel M. Evaluation of adapted whole-blood interferon-gamma release assays for the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis. Respiration. 2008;76:131-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Pleural tuberculosis (TB) remains difficult to diagnose despite numerous diagnostic tools...
  4. Jiang J, Shi H, Liang Q, Qin S, Qin X. Diagnostic value of interferon-gamma in tuberculous pleurisy: a metaanalysis. Chest. 2007;131:1133-41 pubmed
    ..We conducted a metaanalysis to determine the accuracy of IFN-gamma measurements in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy...
  5. Aoe K, Hiraki A, Murakami T, Eda R, Maeda T, Sugi K, et al. Diagnostic significance of interferon-gamma in tuberculous pleural effusions. Chest. 2003;123:740-4 pubmed
    ..Differential diagnosis between TB and nontuberculous pleural effusion can be sometimes difficult, representing a critically important clinical problem...
  6. Mitarai S, Shishido H, Kurashima A, Tamura A, Nagai H. Comparative study of amplicor Mycobacterium PCR and conventional methods for the diagnosis of pleuritis caused by mycobacterial infection. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000;4:871-6 pubmed
    ..To assess the clinical significance of the Amplicor Mycobacterium system for the diagnosis of mycobacterial infection in patients with pleural fluid, and to compare its usefulness with that of conventional smear and culture methods...
  7. Candela A, Andujar J, Hernandez L, Martin C, Barroso E, Arriero J, et al. Functional sequelae of tuberculous pleurisy in patients correctly treated. Chest. 2003;123:1996-2000 pubmed
  8. Moon J, Chang Y, Kim S, Kim Y, Lee H, Kim S, et al. The clinical utility of polymerase chain reaction for the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;41:660-6 pubmed
  9. Yew W, Leung S. Prediction of residual pleural thickening in tuberculous pleural effusion. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003;7:199-200 pubmed

More Information

Publications73

  1. Xirouchaki N, Tzanakis N, Bouros D, Kyriakou D, Karkavitsas N, Alexandrakis M, et al. Diagnostic value of interleukin-1alpha, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor in pleural effusions. Chest. 2002;121:815-20 pubmed
    ..Cytokines were measured by radioimmunoassay...
  2. Kunter E, Ilvan A, Kilic E, Cerrahoglu K, Isitmangil T, Capraz F, et al. The effect of pleural fluid content on the development of pleural thickness. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2002;6:516-22 pubmed
    ..Residual pleural thickness (RPT) is a common complication of tuberculous pleurisy (TP), and the degree of RPT cannot be predicted in advance...
  3. Udwadia Z, Sen T. Pleural tuberculosis: an update. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2010;16:399-406 pubmed publisher
    b>Pleural tuberculosis accounts for fewer than 1% of all exudative effusions in western countries, occurring in only 3-5% of tuberculous patients...
  4. Porcel J, Vives M. Differentiating tuberculous from malignant pleural effusions: a scoring model. Med Sci Monit. 2003;9:CR175-80 pubmed
    ..The aim of our study was to derive a simple clinical score for differential diagnosis of these two clinical entities...
  5. Uskul B, Turker H, Ulman C, Ertugrul M, Selvi A, Kant A, et al. The relation of the pleural thickening in tuberculosis pleurisy with the activity of adenosine deaminase. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2005;63:101-7 pubmed
  6. Bezuidenhout J, Roberts T, Muller L, van Helden P, Walzl G. Pleural tuberculosis in patients with early HIV infection is associated with increased TNF-alpha expression and necrosis in granulomas. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e4228 pubmed publisher
    ..affects histopathological appearance and cytokine profiles of pleural granulomas in patients with active pleural tuberculosis (TB). Granulomas were investigated in pleural biopsies from HIV positive and negative TB pleuritis patients...
  7. Chakrabarti B, Davies P. Pleural tuberculosis. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2006;65:26-33 pubmed
    ..Treatment with appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy is generally successful though there is currently insufficient evidence to recommend the routine use of corticosteroids in this condition...
  8. Cruz A, Ong L, Starke J. Childhood pleural tuberculosis: a review of 45 cases. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009;28:981-4 pubmed publisher
    b>Pleural tuberculosis (TB) can be seen in isolation or complicate untreated pulmonary disease in children. It is infrequently suspected in low incidence countries, leading to delays in diagnosis and treatment.
  9. Sharma S, Suresh V, Mohan A, Kaur P, Saha P, Kumar A, et al. A prospective study of sensitivity and specificity of adenosine deaminase estimation in the diagnosis of tuberculosis pleural effusion. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2001;43:149-55 pubmed
    ..From this study it is concluded that, using 100 IU/L as the cut-off, it is possible to avoid pleural biopsy to ascertain the diagnosis of TB in as much as 40% of the patients...
  10. Luzze H, Elliott A, Joloba M, Odida M, Oweka Onyee J, Nakiyingi J, et al. Evaluation of suspected tuberculous pleurisy: clinical and diagnostic findings in HIV-1-positive and HIV-negative adults in Uganda. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001;5:746-53 pubmed
    ..National Tuberculosis Treatment Centre, Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda...
  11. Okamoto M, Hasegawa Y, Hara T, Hashimoto N, Imaizumi K, Shimokata K, et al. T-helper type 1/T-helper type 2 balance in malignant pleural effusions compared to tuberculous pleural effusions. Chest. 2005;128:4030-5 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, we evaluated inhibitors of interferon (IFN)-gamma production in effusions to rule out the possibility of direct inhibition of T-cell polarization...
  12. Seiscento M, Vargas F, Rujula M, Bombarda S, Uip D, Galesi V. Epidemiological aspects of pleural tuberculosis in the state of São Paulo, Brazil (1998-2005). J Bras Pneumol. 2009;35:548-54 pubmed
    ..To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of and trends regarding the incidence of pleural TB...
  13. Goto M, Noguchi Y, Koyama H, Hira K, Shimbo T, Fukui T. Diagnostic value of adenosine deaminase in tuberculous pleural effusion: a meta-analysis. Ann Clin Biochem. 2003;40:374-81 pubmed
    ..To summarize the diagnostic characteristics of ADA we undertook a meta-analysis using a summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve method...
  14. Liu K, Su W, Perng R. Clinical utility of polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of smear-negative pleural tuberculosis. J Chin Med Assoc. 2007;70:148-51; discussion 146-7 pubmed
    ..Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a molecular biology technique which can detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) genome in pleural fluid; however, the results are variable...
  15. Lima D, Colares J, da Fonseca B. Combined use of the polymerase chain reaction and detection of adenosine deaminase activity on pleural fluid improves the rate of diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis. Chest. 2003;124:909-14 pubmed
    Evaluation of the combined use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity on the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis (pTB) in a region of high prevalence of tuberculosis.
  16. Das S, Subramanian D, Prabha C. Cell proliferation and apoptosis: dual-signal hypothesis tested in tuberculous pleuritis using mycobacterial antigens. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2004;41:85-92 pubmed
    ..Thus the dual-signal phenomenon was operative against these antigens in tuberculous pleuritis. We also demonstrated that the activated cells are more predisposed to apoptosis...
  17. Gopi A, Madhavan S, Sharma S, Sahn S. Diagnosis and treatment of tuberculous pleural effusion in 2006. Chest. 2007;131:880-889 pubmed publisher
    ..The treatment of TB pleural effusions in patients with HIV/AIDS is essentially similar to that in HIV-negative patients. At present, evidence regarding the use of corticosteroids in the treatment of TB pleural effusion is not clear-cut...
  18. Baumann M, Nolan R, Petrini M, Lee Y, Light R, Schneider E. Pleural tuberculosis in the United States: incidence and drug resistance. Chest. 2007;131:1125-32 pubmed
    b>Pleural tuberculosis (TB) should be considered in any patient with a lymphocytic pleural effusion. The diagnostic approach is under debate. Knowledge of pleural TB epidemiology would be beneficial...
  19. Trajman A, Kaisermann C, Luiz R, Sperhacke R, Rossetti M, Féres Saad M, et al. Pleural fluid ADA, IgA-ELISA and PCR sensitivities for the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2007;67:877-84 pubmed
    The diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis (pTB) is difficult, and more sensitive and specific techniques are needed...
  20. Sharma S, Banga A. Pleural fluid interferon-gamma and adenosine deaminase levels in tuberculosis pleural effusion: a cost-effectiveness analysis. J Clin Lab Anal. 2005;19:40-6 pubmed
    ..In developing countries, where TB is rampant and cost is a major concern, pleural fluid IFN-gamma estimation does not seem to be a cost-effective investigation method for differentiating TB from non-TB pleural effusion...
  21. Elliott A, Luzze H, Quigley M, Nakiyingi J, Kyaligonza S, Namujju P, et al. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the use of prednisolone as an adjunct to treatment in HIV-1-associated pleural tuberculosis. J Infect Dis. 2004;190:869-78 pubmed
    ..Glucocorticoids are used in pleural tuberculosis to reduce inflammation-induced pathology, and their use also might reduce progression of HIV by suppressing ..
  22. Trajman A, Pai M, Dheda K, van Zyl Smit R, Zwerling A, Joshi R, et al. Novel tests for diagnosing tuberculous pleural effusion: what works and what does not?. Eur Respir J. 2008;31:1098-106 pubmed publisher
    ..Directions for future development and evaluation of novel assays and biomarkers for pleural tuberculosis are also suggested.
  23. Hodsdon W, Luzze H, Hurst T, Quigley M, Kyosiimire J, Namujju P, et al. HIV-1-related pleural tuberculosis: elevated production of IFN-gamma, but failure of immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. AIDS. 2001;15:467-75 pubmed
    b>Pleural tuberculosis can resolve spontaneously, suggesting that the inflammatory process may represent a protective immune response. However, pleural tuberculosis is strongly associated with HIV infection...
  24. Diacon A, van de Wal B, Wyser C, Smedema J, Bezuidenhout J, Bolliger C, et al. Diagnostic tools in tuberculous pleurisy: a direct comparative study. Eur Respir J. 2003;22:589-91 pubmed
  25. Lawn S, Pisell T, Hirsch C, Wu M, Butera S, Toossi Z. Anatomically compartmentalized human immunodeficiency virus replication in HLA-DR+ cells and CD14+ macrophages at the site of pleural tuberculosis coinfection. J Infect Dis. 2001;184:1127-33 pubmed
    ..In summary, HIV-1 replication was increased at sites of Mycobacterium tuberculosis coinfection within activated cells, including lymphocytes and CD14+ macrophages...
  26. Yang C, Lee J, Lee H, Shim T, Son J, Jung S, et al. Differential cytokine levels and immunoreactivities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens between tuberculous and malignant effusions. Respir Med. 2008;102:280-6 pubmed
    ..These data indicate that selected mycobacterial antigens (ESAT-6 and MTB12) and cytokine markers (IFN-gamma, IL-12p40, and IL-6) provide useful information for differentiating tuberculous and malignant effusions in clinical practice...
  27. Sharma S, Banga A. Diagnostic utility of pleural fluid IFN-gamma in tuberculosis pleural effusion. J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2004;24:213-7 pubmed
    ..2%, 97.3%, 85.7%, and 98.3%, respectively. Estimation of IFN-gamma levels in pleural fluid is a useful diagnostic modality for TB pleural effusion. A cutoff of 138 pg/ml provides the best sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of TB...
  28. Neves D, Dias R, Cunha A. Predictive model for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleural effusion. Braz J Infect Dis. 2007;11:83-8 pubmed
    This study developed a predictive model to identify pleural tuberculosis. A consecutive cases study of patients investigating the cause of pleural effusion, in an area of high prevalence of tuberculosis (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)...
  29. Koegelenberg C, Bolliger C, Theron J, Walzl G, Wright C, Louw M, et al. Direct comparison of the diagnostic yield of ultrasound-assisted Abrams and Tru-Cut needle biopsies for pleural tuberculosis. Thorax. 2010;65:857-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Uncertainty remains regarding the choice of closed pleural biopsy needles...
  30. Villena V, Lopez Encuentra A, Pozo F, Echave Sustaeta J, Ortuño de Solo B, Estenoz Alfaro J, et al. Interferon gamma levels in pleural fluid for the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Am J Med. 2003;115:365-70 pubmed
    ..To assess the utility of interferon gamma levels, including identification of the best cutoff for the diagnosis of tuberculosis...
  31. Greco S, Girardi E, Masciangelo R, Capoccetta G, Saltini C. Adenosine deaminase and interferon gamma measurements for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy: a meta-analysis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003;7:777-86 pubmed
    ..Here we summarise the literature on ADA and IFN-gamma as predictors of tuberculous pleurisy...
  32. Dheda K, van Zyl Smit R, Sechi L, Badri M, Meldau R, Meldau S, et al. Utility of quantitative T-cell responses versus unstimulated interferon-{gamma} for the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis. Eur Respir J. 2009;34:1118-26 pubmed publisher
    ..The antigen-specific T-cell IGRAs were limited by suboptimal accuracy and the inability to isolate sufficient mononuclear cells to perform the assay...
  33. Conde M, Loivos A, Rezende V, Soares S, Mello F, Reingold A, et al. Yield of sputum induction in the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2003;167:723-5 pubmed
    ..culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis using sputum induction (SI) in the workup of patients with suspected pleural tuberculosis (TB) who were unable to produce sputum spontaneously...
  34. Sheen P, O Kane C, Chaudhary K, Tovar M, Santillan C, Sosa J, et al. High MMP-9 activity characterises pleural tuberculosis correlating with granuloma formation. Eur Respir J. 2009;33:134-41 pubmed publisher
  35. Baba K, Sørnes S, Hoosen A, Lekabe J, Mpe M, Langeland N, et al. Evaluation of immune responses in HIV infected patients with pleural tuberculosis by the QuantiFERON TB-Gold interferon-gamma assay. BMC Infect Dis. 2008;8:35 pubmed publisher
    ..The IFN-gamma tests have not yet been validated for use in pleural fluid, a compartment with higher level of immune activation than in blood...
  36. Sharma S, Mitra D, Balamurugan A, Pandey R, Mehra N. Cytokine polarization in miliary and pleural tuberculosis. J Clin Immunol. 2002;22:345-52 pubmed
  37. Han D, Song J, Chung H, Lee J. Resolution of residual pleural disease according to time course in tuberculous pleurisy during and after the termination of antituberculosis medication. Chest. 2005;128:3240-5 pubmed
    ..To assess the resolution of pleural disease in patients with tuberculous pleurisy (TP) during and after antituberculosis medication...
  38. Lai Y, Chao T, Wang Y, Lin A. Pigtail drainage in the treatment of tuberculous pleural effusions: a randomised study. Thorax. 2003;58:149-51 pubmed
    ..Some studies of tuberculous pleurisy have suggested that symptomatic improvement and minimisation of sequelae can be achieved by completely draining the effusion during treatment, although the results have not been conclusive...
  39. Ibrahim W, Ghadban W, Khinji A, Yasin R, Soub H, Al Khal A, et al. Does pleural tuberculosis disease pattern differ among developed and developing countries. Respir Med. 2005;99:1038-45 pubmed
    A number of reports from developed countries have documented a rising age at which pleural tuberculosis occurs and increase in the frequency of reactivation disease being as the main cause of pleural involvement.
  40. Wilkinson K, Wilkinson R, Pathan A, Ewer K, Prakash M, Klenerman P, et al. Ex vivo characterization of early secretory antigenic target 6-specific T cells at sites of active disease in pleural tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;40:184-7 pubmed
    ..The recruitment of ESAT-6-specific T cells to inflamed tuberculous tissue demonstrates their function in vivo and suggests a novel way to diagnose tuberculous pleuritis...
  41. Jalapathy K, Prabha C, Das S. Correlates of protective immune response in tuberculous pleuritis. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2004;40:139-45 pubmed
    ..PPD and MTB antigens induced an enhanced proliferation of PFMC and also increased in vitro IL-4 response together with apoptosis, thus eliciting a dual response...
  42. Haruna A, Tomioka H, Ohtake Y, Fujiyama R, Ohnishi H, Sakurai T, et al. [Clinical analysis of 10 cases of chest wall tuberculosis]. Kekkaku. 2005;80:69-74 pubmed
    ..Contrasting CT is thought to be useful for the diagnosis. It should be emphasized that 50% of the cases had good outcome without curettage. ..
  43. Cozma G, Tudorache V, Burlacu O, Tunea C, Voiculescu V, Vancea D, et al. [Our experience in the thoracoscopic surgery of the tuberculous pleural effusions]. Pneumologia. 2007;56:73-6 pubmed
    b>Pleural tuberculosis (TB) is most often treated by a pneumologist. Some cases require operative interventions and may represent a challenge for the thoracic surgeon...
  44. Ishikawa S, Yano S, Tokuda Y, Kobayashi K, Ikeda T, Takeyama H. [A case of Mycobacterium intracellulare pleurisy without active lung lesion]. Kekkaku. 2008;83:27-31 pubmed
    ..After four months of treatment pleural effusion disappeared without accompanying the active pulmonary lesion. Therefore, we diagnosed this case as pleurisy without pulmonary lesion due to M. intracellulare. ..
  45. Ramos L, Sulmonett N, Ferreira C, Henriques J, de Miranda S. Functional profile of patients with tuberculosis sequelae in a university hospital. J Bras Pneumol. 2006;32:43-7 pubmed
    To describe data related to the pulmonary function of patients with sequelae of pulmonary tuberculosis, pleural tuberculosis or both. In the outpatient clinic of a university hospital, 218 patients were evaluated...
  46. Jenkinson F, Murphy M. Pleural effusions: the role of biochemical analysis. Hosp Med. 2004;65:481-4 pubmed
    ..Biochemical analysis of pleural fluid may provide answers to important clinical questions. This review summarizes these questions and outlines the value and limitations of pleural fluid analysis. ..
  47. Marais B, Gie R, Schaaf H, Hesseling A, Obihara C, Starke J, et al. The natural history of childhood intra-thoracic tuberculosis: a critical review of literature from the pre-chemotherapy era. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004;8:392-402 pubmed
    ..Deciding which children to treat may be extremely difficult in high-prevalence, low-resource settings. The concept of relevant disease provides guidance for more effective public health intervention. ..
  48. Saurabh A, Chakraborty S, Kumar P, Mohan A, Bhatnagar A, Rishi N, et al. Inhibiting HLA-G restores IFN-γ and TNF-α producing T cell in pleural Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2018;109:69-79 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study reveals for the first time HLA-G mediated suppression of Th1 cytokines, especially, IFN-γ and TNF-α in TB-PE patients. ..
  49. Ishiguro T, Takayanagi N, Saito H, Ubukata M, Yanagisawa T, Sugita Y. [Two cases of Mycobacterium avium complex pleuritis]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi. 2010;48:151-6 pubmed
    ..We report 2 cases and review 6 previous reports of Mycobacterium avium complex pleuritis. ..
  50. Mishra O, Kumar R, Ali Z, Prasad R, Nath G. Evaluation of polymerase chain reaction and adenosine deaminase assay for the diagnosis of tuberculous effusions in children. Arch Dis Child. 2006;91:985-9 pubmed
    ..Fluid PCR alone should not be relied on as a single test; rather, combined analysis with either ADA or ALC could be more useful in the diagnosis of tuberculous effusions in children. ..
  51. Kim Y, Park K, Bom H, Lim S, Park H, Na H, et al. Combining ADA, protein and IFN-gamma best allows discrimination between tuberculous and malignant pleural effusion. Korean J Intern Med. 1997;12:225-31 pubmed
    ..For the differential diagnosis of tuberculosis and malignant pleural effusions, combining ADA, protein and IFN-gamma best allows discrimination. ..
  52. Metintas M, Ucgun I, Elbek O, Erginel S, Metintas S, Kolsuz M, et al. Computed tomography features in malignant pleural mesothelioma and other commonly seen pleural diseases. Eur J Radiol. 2002;41:1-9 pubmed
    ..To investigate the computed tomography (CT) features of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) cases, comparing them to those in other malignant and benign pleural diseases...
  53. Kaisermann M, Sardella I, Trajman A, Coelho t, Kampfer S, Jonas F, et al. IgA antibody responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis recombinant MPT-64 and MT-10.3 (Rv3019c) antigens in pleural fluid of patients with tuberculous pleurisy. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005;9:461-6 pubmed
    Microbiological tests lack sensitivity for pleural tuberculosis (TB) and histopathology is expensive, time consuming and needs specialised personnel. Immunoassay (ELISA) may be a promising approach in this respect.
  54. Akarsu S, Kurt A, Dogan Y, Yilmaz E, Godekmerdan A, Aygun A. The differential diagnostic values of cytokine levels in pleural effusions. Mediators Inflamm. 2005;2005:2-8 pubmed
    ..The results showed that pleural fluids IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-6, and IL-8 could be used in pleural fluids exudate and transudate distinction...
  55. van den Berge M, Tinga C, Bieger R. A 73-year-old man with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and a haemorrhagic pleural effusion. Ann Hematol. 2001;80:183-6 pubmed
    ..Although pleural involvement of CLL has been reported several times the presentation of pleural effusion as the first symptom of CLL has not previously been described...
  56. Pacheco E, Fonseca C, Montes C, Zabaleta J, Garcia L, Arias M. CD14 gene promoter polymorphism in different clinical forms of tuberculosis. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2004;40:207-13 pubmed
    ..Measuring sCD14 in tuberculosis may help monitor anti-tuberculosis treatment...
  57. Kaminskaite A. [Variability and diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis]. Medicina (Kaunas). 2002;38:1207-11 pubmed
    ..Liver biopsy and positive sputum cultures for mycobacterias mostly confirmed tuberculosis diagnosis in miliary tuberculosis cases. From all tuberculous pleurisy cases in 65% the diagnosis was confirmed by bacteriology and/or histology...
  58. Jankowska R, Porebska I, Dyła T. [Evaluation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in neoplastic and tuberculosis effusions--preliminary results]. Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 2002;70:258-64 pubmed
    ..VEGF level in pleural fluid differs significantly from cancer to benign group of patients what can be important for differential diagnosis of plural effusions origin...
  59. Atasoy C, Kaya A, Fitoz S, Yildirim Z. Discrete pleural nodules associated with a parasternal mass: an unusual manifestation of tuberculosis. J Thorac Imaging. 2002;17:74-7 pubmed
    ..To the best of the present authors' knowledge, the combination of a tuberculous parasternal mass and multiple pleural nodules as the sole manifestations of thoracic tuberculosis has not been reported previously...
  60. Carrion Valero F, Perpiñá Tordera M. Screening of tuberculous pleural effusion by discriminant analysis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001;5:673-9 pubmed
    ..Pneumology Department of a 635-bed acute-care teaching hospital in Valencia, Spain...
  61. Mlika Cabanne N, Brauner M, Kamanfu G, Grenier P, Nikoyagize E, Aubry P, et al. Radiographic abnormalities in tuberculosis and risk of coexisting human immunodeficiency virus infection. Methods and preliminary results from Bujumbura, Burundi. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995;152:794-9 pubmed
    ..Our mathematical model fit the observed data and the equation predicted serologic findings reasonably well. We conclude that it is possible to determine with useful probability a Burundian tuberculosis patient's HIV serologic status...
  62. Losi M, Bossink A, Codecasa L, Jafari C, Ernst M, Thijsen S, et al. Use of a T-cell interferon-gamma release assay for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. Eur Respir J. 2007;30:1173-9 pubmed
    The diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis (plTB) by the analysis of pleural effusions (PEs) with standard diagnostic tools is difficult...
  63. Toossi Z, Mayanja Kizza H, Baseke J, Peters P, Wu M, Abraha A, et al. Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) by beta-chemokine analogues in mononuclear cells from HIV-1-infected patients with active tuberculosis. Clin Exp Immunol. 2005;142:327-32 pubmed
    ..Also, CCR5 was fourfold higher on CD14(+) pleural mononuclear cells than on CD4(+) lymphocytes. Blocking new HIV-1 infection of mononuclear cells may be useful in control of HIV-1 during dual HIV-1/TB infection...
  64. Blanc F, Atassi K, Bignon J, Housset B. Diagnostic value of medical thoracoscopy in pleural disease: a 6-year retrospective study. Chest. 2002;121:1677-83 pubmed
    ..In a 6-year retrospective study of patients having undergone at least one medical thoracoscopy, we analyzed the diagnostic yield of thoracoscopy and its value in the management of pleural disease...