lymph node tuberculosis


Summary: Infection of the lymph nodes by tuberculosis. Tuberculous infection of the cervical lymph nodes is scrofula.

Top Publications

  1. Minakuchi M, Tanaka E, Inoue T, Sakuramoto M, Maeda Y, Maniwa K, et al. [An adult case of cervico-mediastinal lymph nodes tuberculosis followed by the development of pulmonary lesions during the treatment with antituberculous drugs]. Kekkaku. 2005;80:19-23 pubmed
    ..After one year of antituberculous chemotherapy, the swelling of the cervical-mediastinal lymph nodes was reduced and the abnormal chest X-ray shadows disappeared. ..
  2. Denk G, Bergstermann K, Gallmeier E, Schirra J, Wagner H, Goke B, et al. [A 27-year-old patient with recurrent Fever]. Med Klin (Munich). 2003;98:641-5 pubmed
    ..In times of progressing international migration, the early detection of tuberculosis is also becoming important in Germany. The diagnosis, however, is often impaired by unspecific symptomatology and ambiguous imaging results...
  3. Polesky A, Grove W, Bhatia G. Peripheral tuberculous lymphadenitis: epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. Medicine (Baltimore). 2005;84:350-62 pubmed
    ..Paradoxical expansion of adenopathy was seen in 20% of all patients and was more commonly noted in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive patients. We present a diagnostic algorithm based on our experience...
  4. Hawkey C, Yap T, Pereira J, Moore D, Davidson R, Pasvol G, et al. Characterization and management of paradoxical upgrading reactions in HIV-uninfected patients with lymph node tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;40:1368-71 pubmed
    In a retrospective analysis, paradoxical deterioration of lymph node tuberculosis in human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected patients was common, occurring in 25 (23%) of 109 patients after treatment had been given for a median of 46 ..
  5. Garcia Vidal C, Garau J. Systemic steroid treatment of paradoxical upgrading reaction in patients with lymph node tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;41:915-6; author reply 916-7 pubmed
  6. Janmeja A, Mohapatra P, Kaur R. Subungual erythema in lymph node tuberculosis with erythema nodosum. J Assoc Physicians India. 2005;53:903-5 pubmed
    ..Relevant literature and the possible explanation for the subungual erythema have been discussed...
  7. Osores F, Nolasco O, Verdonck K, Arevalo J, Ferrufino J, Agapito J, et al. Clinical evaluation of a 16S ribosomal RNA polymerase chain reaction test for the diagnosis of lymph node tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43:855-9 pubmed
    Reports on the sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the diagnosis of lymph node tuberculosis (TB) show divergent results...
  8. Wani A, Akhtar M. CA-125: a marker for diagnosis and follow-up of pleuroperitoneal and lymph node tuberculosis. Ann Saudi Med. 2008;28:142-3 pubmed
  9. Cho O, Park K, Kim T, Song E, Jang E, Lee E, et al. Paradoxical responses in non-HIV-infected patients with peripheral lymph node tuberculosis. J Infect. 2009;59:56-61 pubmed publisher
    We evaluated the clinical characteristics and risk factors for the paradoxical response (PR) in non-HIV-infected patients with peripheral lymph node tuberculosis (TB).

More Information

Publications107 found, 100 shown here

  1. Fernandez O, Canizares L. Tuberculous mesenteric lymphadenitis presenting as pyloric stenosis. Dig Dis Sci. 1995;40:1909-12 pubmed
    ..Pyloric stenosis due to tuberculosis is rare, but it should be considered in patients who come from areas where the disease is endemic. Medical management for such cases may suffice...
  2. Geldmacher H, Taube C, Kroeger C, Magnussen H, Kirsten D. Assessment of lymph node tuberculosis in northern Germany: a clinical review. Chest. 2002;121:1177-82 pubmed
    To evaluate patient profiles, diagnostic approaches, and treatment strategies in patients with lymph node tuberculosis.
  3. Cheng V, Ho P, Lee R, Chan K, Chan K, Woo P, et al. Clinical spectrum of paradoxical deterioration during antituberculosis therapy in non-HIV-infected patients. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002;21:803-9 pubmed
    ..7%) and administration of steroids (39.3%). The use of steroids appeared to be safe in this series, as 95% of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were susceptible to first-line antituberculosis therapy...
  4. Ormerod L, Prescott R. The management of pulmonary and lymph node tuberculosis notified in England and Wales in 1998. Clin Med (Lond). 2003;3:57-61 pubmed
    The management of 1,337 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis and 422 cases of lymph node tuberculosis reported to the 1998 national notification survey was compared with the recommended standards of treatment...
  5. Cheng A, Chang A, Farwell D, Agoff S. Auramine orange stain with fluorescence microscopy is a rapid and sensitive technique for the detection of cervical lymphadenitis due to mycobacterial infection using fine needle aspiration cytology: a case series. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;133:381-5 pubmed
    ..The AO stain with fluorescence microscopy is a sensitive and rapid method for detecting tuberculous and nontuberculous mycobacteria. It is a valuable tool for the otolaryngologists and pathologists in the diagnosis of MCA. ..
  6. Mani R, Belcadhi M, Harrathi K, Rejeb A, Benali M, Abdelkefi M, et al. [Mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis: role of surgery]. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord). 2005;126:99-103 pubmed (1982-2002) about 246 patients treated in the ENT department of Farhat Hached Sousse for cervical lymph node tuberculosis. Resolution was considered when neither symptoms nor lymphadenopathy in examination were noted...
  7. Goel M, Budhwar P, Goel M, Tiwari V, Jain A. Nucleic acid amplification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA from archival fine needle aspiration smear scrapings vs. fresh fine needle aspirates of tuberculous lymphadenitis. Acta Cytol. 2006;50:393-7 pubmed
    ..Low NAA sensitivity of MTB DNA in archival material of known tuberculous cases limits the routine use of NAA based retrospective molecular diagnosis of MTB complex. ..
  8. Goic Barisic I, Ledina D, Tonkic M, Lukšić B, Barisic I. [Lymphoid form of intestinal tuberculosis with miliary dissemination: case report]. Acta Med Croatica. 2006;60:505-8 pubmed
    ..Computed tomography and biopsy obtained on colonoscopy for microbiology can help in making the diagnosis and initiating appropriate treatment. ..
  9. Lindeboom J, Kuijper E, Bruijnesteijn van Coppenraet E, Lindeboom R, Prins J. Surgical excision versus antibiotic treatment for nontuberculous mycobacterial cervicofacial lymphadenitis in children: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;44:1057-64 pubmed
    ..Surgical excision is more effective than antibiotic treatment for children with nontuberculous mycobacterial cervicofacial lymphadenitis. ..
  10. Iuchi K, Nakajima Y. [Surgical treatment of mycobacteriosis]. Kekkaku. 2007;82:849-61 pubmed
    ..Although mycobacterial mediastinal lymphoadenitis, or osteoarthritis are rare tuberculosis-related disease in Japan, we should keep in mind such rare diseases in ordinary practice...
  11. Goel M, Budhwar P. Species-specific immunocytochemical localization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in fine needle aspirates of tuberculous lymphadenitis using antibody to 38 kDa immunodominant protein antigen. Acta Cytol. 2008;52:424-33 pubmed
    ..Immunostaining of cytosmears with species specific antibody to MTB would prove to be a good diagnostic adjunct to morphologic diagnosis. ..
  12. Xavier R, Silva D, Keiserman M, Lopes M. Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease. J Bras Pneumol. 2008;34:1074-8 pubmed
    ..After the definitive diagnosis had been made, both patients were treated symptomatically, and both presented clinical improvement within one month. Subsequently, the latter patient developed systemic lupus erythematosus. ..
  13. Călăraşu C, Silosi I, Cupşa A, Petrescu I, Streba C, Biciuşcă V, et al. Lymph node tuberculosis after melanoma treatment - sometimes the patient is lucky. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2016;57:1383-1388 pubmed
    ..However, it was lymph node tuberculosis therefore anti-tuberculosis treatment was initiated...
  14. Sakhri J, Youssef S, Beltaifa D, Dallel N, Choukou A, Azza B, et al. [Tuberculosis abdominal lymphadenitis revealed by a duodenal stenosis]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2004;97:247-9 pubmed
    ..Surgical resection of periduodenal lymph nodes was performed without gastric resection or gastrointestinal anastomosis. Medical treatment of tuberculosis was successful and the patient remains asymptomatic. ..
  15. Itaba S, Yoshinaga S, Nakamura K, Mizutani T, Honda K, Takayanagi R, et al. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for the diagnosis of peripancreatic tuberculous lymphadenitis. J Gastroenterol. 2007;42:83-6 pubmed
    ..Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology with PCR analysis is very useful for the diagnosis of peripancreatic tuberculosis. ..
  16. Song K, Jeon J, Park W, Kim S, Park K, Kim N, et al. Usefulness of the whole-blood interferon-gamma release assay for diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2009;63:182-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These suboptimal diagnostic performances suggest that the QFT-G assay alone is not sufficient for the diagnosis of EP-TB. ..
  17. Kirwan D, Ugarte Gil C, Gilman R, Caviedes L, Rizvi H, Ticona E, et al. Microscopic Observation Drug Susceptibility Assay for Rapid Diagnosis of Lymph Node Tuberculosis and Detection of Drug Resistance. J Clin Microbiol. 2016;54:185-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite its lower sensitivity than that of other methods, its faster results and simultaneous DST are advantageous in resource-poor settings, supporting the incorporation of MODS into diagnostic algorithms for extrapulmonary TB. ..
  18. Darwiche K, Ozkan F, Wolters C, Eisenmann S. [Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) - an Update 2017]. Pneumologie. 2017;71:798-812 pubmed publisher
    ..The diagnostic yield also increases when EBUS is applied in sarcoidosis or mediastinal lymph node tuberculosis but only to some extend in case of lymphoma...
  19. Arnaud Lesot S. [In the 19th center, physiognomy of scrofulas]. Rev Prat. 2003;53:1735-7 pubmed
  20. Sah S, Pant R, Piper K, Chowdhury T, Crean S. Recurrent Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease: case report. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;45:231-3 pubmed
    ..We describe an unusual case of histiocytic necrotising lymphadenitis in an Asian woman who had recurrent episodes for five years before a diagnosis was made. ..
  21. Khurram M, Tariq M, Shahid P. Breast cancer with associated granulomatous axillary lymphadenitis: a diagnostic and clinical dilemma in regions with high prevalence of tuberculosis. Pathol Res Pract. 2007;203:699-704 pubmed
    ..PCR-based assays are recommended for the diagnosis of TB in cases where ZN is unhelpful for demonstrating AFB or no tissue is submitted for microbiological studies. ..
  22. Tiwari M, Aryal G, Shrestha R, Rauniyar S, Shrestha H. Histopathologic diagnosis of lymph node biopsies. Nepal Med Coll J. 2007;9:259-61 pubmed
    ..Metastatic deposits were seen in only six cases. So, like other developing countries, in our country also, tuberculosis is the leading cause for lymphadenopathy. ..
  23. Konstantinou M, Abecassis Cotta S, Valeyrie Allanore L, Ortonne N, Maurin M, Roujeau J, et al. [Severe tularaemia mimicking glandular tuberculosis during adalimumab therapy]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2009;136:718-22 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the possible relationship between immunosuppression and the clinical course of this rare infection. ..
  24. Malik A, Saxena N. Ultrasound in abdominal tuberculosis. Abdom Imaging. 2003;28:574-9 pubmed
    ..This combination of US findings in proper clinical settings are diagnostic of tuberculosis. FNAB confirms the diagnosis in lymphadenopathy, abscesses, and focal lesions of the viscera. ..
  25. Narang P, Narang R, Mendiratta D, Sharma S, Tyagi N. Prevalence of tuberculous lymphadenitis in children in Wardha district, Maharashtra State, India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005;9:188-94 pubmed
    ..The prevalence of peripheral lymphadenopathy was 27.2/1000 children and that of tuberculous lymphadenitis was 4.43/1000. Positive history of contact in the family was a significant epidemiological indicator of tuberculous glands. ..
  26. Zwolska Z, Augustynowicz Kopec E, Zabost A, Ziołkowski J, Buchwald J, Płończak M, et al. [Diagnostic methods of postvaccinal complications after administration of BCG vaccine]. Przegl Epidemiol. 2004;58 Suppl 1:123-8 pubmed
  27. Fatimi S, Javed M, Ahmad U, Siddiqi B, Salahuddin N. Tuberculous hilar lymph nodes leading to tracheopulmonary artery fistula and pseudoaneurysm of pulmonary artery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;82:e35-6 pubmed
    ..He was found to have tuberculous mediastinal lymph nodes that had eroded into the pulmonary artery and anterior tracheal wall, leading to a pseudoaneurysm of the right pulmonary artery and a tracheopulmonary artery fistula. ..
  28. Asimacopoulos E, Berry M, Garfield B, Roesner M, Jepson A, McCarthy J, et al. The diagnostic efficacy of fine-needle aspiration using cytology and culture in tuberculous lymphadenitis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010;14:93-8 pubmed
    ..We conclude that samples should be provided for both cytological and microbiological examination when using FNA to diagnose possible tuberculous lymphadenitis. ..
  29. Baylan O, Demiralp B, Cicek E, Albay A, Komurcu M, Kisa O, et al. A case of tuberculous pyomyositis that caused a recurrent soft tissue lesion localized at the forearm. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2005;58:376-9 pubmed
    ..According to these results, the primary focus of the tuberculous pyomyositis and the submandibular LAP was the lungs. The lesion and submandibular LAP were both treated successfully by the administration of antituberculous chemotherapy. ..
  30. Kondo S, Miyagawa T. [Three cases of tuberculosis children who demonstrated paradoxical worsening during different stage of treatment]. Kekkaku. 2006;81:375-9 pubmed
  31. Beyene D, Bergval I, Hailu E, Ashenafi S, Yamuah L, Aseffa A, et al. Identification and genotyping of the etiological agent of tuberculous lymphadenitis in Ethiopia. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2009;3:412-9 pubmed
    ..Our data showed that M. tuberculosis strains had common characteristics with strains causing pulmonary TB, which appears to be the main etiological agent of TBLN. ..
  32. Akbar D, Al Shehri H, Al Huzali A, Falatah H. A case of rifampicin induced pseudomembraneous colitis. Saudi Med J. 2003;24:1391-3 pubmed
    ..She had one relapse after 2 months that was successfully treated, and she finished her antituberculosis therapy without any further relapses. Awareness of this serious complication of rifampicin therapy should be encountered. ..
  33. Ghazinoor S, Desser T, Jeffrey R. Increased through-transmission in abdominal tuberculous lymphadenitis. J Ultrasound Med. 2004;23:837-41 pubmed
    ..Necrotic nodes will lack color flow and can be distinguished from lymphadenopathy of other causes. Sonography can also be used for fine-needle aspiration of necrotic nodes to yield a definitive diagnosis. ..
  34. Solak O, Sayar A, Metin M, Erdogu V, Cuhadaroglu S, Turna A, et al. The coincidence of mediastinal tuberculosis lymphadenitis in lung cancer patients. Acta Chir Belg. 2005;105:180-2 pubmed
    ..However, the real value of this finding needs further study. ..
  35. Choudhury N, Bruch G, Kothari P, Rao G, Simo R. 4 years' experience of head and neck tuberculosis in a south London hospital. J R Soc Med. 2005;98:267-9 pubmed
    ..Most of the patients were of non-British origin but none proved to be HIV seropositive. Fine-needle aspiration was positive for tuberculosis in 7 of 19 patients. 21 patients required a surgical procedure for diagnosis. ..
  36. Serour F, Mizrahi A, Somekh E, Feinberg J, Picard C, Casanova J, et al. Analysis of the interleukin-12/interferon-gamma pathway in children with non-tuberculous mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis. Eur J Pediatr. 2007;166:835-41 pubmed
    ..Alternatively, some single nucleotide polymorphisms along the IL-12/IFN-gamma axis might be associated with an isolated cervical lymph node infection and not a disseminated disease in children. ..
  37. Vanisri H, Nandini N, Sunila R. Fine-needle aspiration cytology findings in human immunodeficiency virus lymphadenopathy. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2008;51:481-4 pubmed
    ..3%) followed by reactive lymphadenitis (36.1%), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (2.7%) and acute suppurative lymphadenitis (2.7%). FNAC is an important diagnostic tool in the evaluation of lymphadenopathy in HIV-positive patients. ..
  38. Didilescu C, Corlan E, Plopeanu D. [The current situation of extrarespiratory tuberculosis in Romania ]. Pneumologia. 2003;52:90-2 pubmed
  39. Shimada A, Oshita Y, Kinoshita T, Rikimaru T, Aizawa H. [A case of primary nasopharyngeal tuberculosis]. Kekkaku. 2003;78:751-5 pubmed
    ..Most reported case of nasopharyngeal tuberculosis were in the young age group. A rare case of old woman complicated with cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis was reported. ..
  40. Meybeck A, Just N, Nyunga M, Bourahla M, Wallaert B. [Needle aspiration in paradoxical hypertrophy of tuberculous lymphadenitis]. Rev Mal Respir. 2003;20:973-7 pubmed
    Paradoxical hypertrophy is frequent in case of peripheral lymph node tuberculosis. Its management remains controversial...
  41. Haber H, Warmann S, Fuchs J. Cervical atypical mycobacterial lymphadenitis in childhood: findings on sonography. Ultraschall Med. 2006;27:462-6 pubmed
    ..Identification of these patients prior to surgery is therefore of utmost importance. Our data suggest that sonography could serve as an easy non-invasive method for this purpose. ..
  42. Evans A, Cunningham M. Atypical mycobacterial cervicofacial lymphadenitis in children: a disease as old as mankind, yet a persistent challenge. Am J Otolaryngol. 2005;26:337-43 pubmed
    ..This paper includes a case study-based review of the evaluation, diagnosis, and management of cervicofacial lymphadenitis in children due to atypical mycobacterial organisms. ..
  43. Fallahian M, Ilkhani M. Menstrual disorders in nongenital tuberculosis. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2006;2006:18452 pubmed
    ..001), but excessive or prolong vaginal bleeding was not observed. Menstrual disorders occur even in nongenital tuberculosis, but it is manifested with cessation or decrease in menstrual bleeding flow and period. ..
  44. Petrini B, Bennet R. Cervical mycobacterial lymphadenitis in Swedish children during the post-BCG vaccination era. Acta Paediatr. 2007;96:146-7 pubmed
  45. Guvenc B, Ekingen G, Erkus B. Thoracoscopic assessment of mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis in a 4-month-old child. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2008;18:322-4 pubmed publisher
    ..In this report, the diagnostic and therapeutic feasibility of thoracoscopic mediastinal node biopsy in a 4-month-old presenting mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis is reported. ..
  46. Hairil Rashmizal A, Noraini A, Rossetti C, Abdul Jalil N. Brown fat uptake of 18F-FDG on dual time point PET/CT imaging. Singapore Med J. 2010;51:e37-9 pubmed
    ..The differences in SUVmax between the two images ranged from -20 percent to +20 percent. Based on our observations, dual time point imaging may not be a reliable method for assessing the 18F-FDG uptake of brown fat. ..
  47. Wilson D, Nachega J, Chaisson R, Maartens G. Diagnostic yield of peripheral lymph node needle-core biopsies in HIV-infected adults with suspected smear-negative tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005;9:220-2 pubmed
    ..A definitive diagnosis was made on initial needle-core biopsy in 22 subjects (85%) and in two of three subjects who underwent a second needle-core biopsy. Tuberculosis was the final diagnosis in 24 subjects (92%). ..
  48. Swingler G, Du Toit G, Andronikou S, van der Merwe L, Zar H. Diagnostic accuracy of chest radiography in detecting mediastinal lymphadenopathy in suspected pulmonary tuberculosis. Arch Dis Child. 2005;90:1153-6 pubmed
    ..Detection of mediastinal lymphadenopathy on chest x ray to diagnose pulmonary tuberculosis in children must be interpreted with caution. Diagnostic accuracy might be improved by refining radiological criteria for lymphadenopathy. ..
  49. Lui S, Yip T, Tse K, Chan T, Lai K, Lo W. Tuberculous lymphadenitis in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Int Urol Nephrol. 2007;39:971-4 pubmed
    ..We conclude that TB lymphadenitis is not uncommon among patients on CAPD. A high index of suspicion is needed for early diagnosis of this condition. Prompt initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment is associated with good prognosis...
  50. Stephen E, Sridhar R, Pradhan N, Thomas S, Narayan R, Agarwal S. Tuberculous aneurysm of extracranial carotid artery. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008;35:9-10 pubmed
    ..We propose that the extracranial carotid artery pseudoaneurysm was as a result of direct extension from tuberculous lymphadenitis and discuss the management of these patients...
  51. Mohapatra P, Janmeja A. Tuberculous lymphadenitis. J Assoc Physicians India. 2009;57:585-90 pubmed
    ..Tuberculous adenitis is best treated as a systemic disease with antituberculosis medication. Surgical therapy along with antituberculosis medication can be beneficial in selected patients...
  52. Mandel L. Tuberculous cervical node calcifications mimicking sialolithiasis: a case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;64:1439-42 pubmed
  53. Chen C, Lin P, Lin R, Kang M, Zheng W, Chen D. [Application of mediastinoscopy to diagnosis of mediastinal diseases and staging of lung cancer]. Ai Zheng. 2007;26:657-60 pubmed
    ..This study was to explore the application value and summarize the experience of mediastinoscopy in the diagnosis of mediastinal diseases and the staging of lung cancer with enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes...
  54. Kayabasi H, Sit D, Kadiroglu A, Kara I, Yilmaz M. The prevalence and the characteristics of tuberculosis patients undergoing chronic dialysis treatment: experience of a dialysis center in southeast Turkey. Ren Fail. 2008;30:513-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, it was considered that ESRF is associated with depressed immune system and elevated risk of tuberculosis; thus, in this population, clinicians must evaluate patients carefully...
  55. Marfatia Y, Ghiya R, Chaudhary D. Dermatomyositis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected person. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2008;74:241-3 pubmed
    ..Chances of a false positive antibody test for HIV should be considered in a patient having an autoimmune disease such as DM...
  56. Annam V, Kulkarni M, Puranik R. Clinicopathologic profile of significant cervical lymphadenopathy in children aged 1-12 years. Acta Cytol. 2009;53:174-8 pubmed
    ..It is almost as sensitive and specific as excision lymph node biopsy when an adequate aspirate is examined by expert eyes. ..
  57. Suzuki J, Oh i K, Kezuka T, Sakai J, Goto H. Comparison of patients with ocular tuberculosis in the 1990s and the 2000s. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2010;54:19-23 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare clinical findings in patients with ocular tuberculosis experienced during two different decades...
  58. Iwata Y, Ishimatsu A, Hamada M, Emori M, Ikedo Y, Wakamatsu K, et al. [A case of cervical and mediastinal lymph nodes tuberculosis, tuberculous pleurisy, spinal caries and cold abscess in the anterior chest wall]. Kekkaku. 2004;79:453-7 pubmed
    ..Thereafter her paralysis was gradually improved and she was able to walk by herself after 12 months chemotherapy...
  59. Sirinavin S, Techasaensiri C, Pakakasama S, Vorachit M, Pornkul R, Wacharasin R. Hemophagocytic syndrome and Burkholderia cepacia splenic microabscesses in a child with chronic granulomatous disease. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2004;23:882-4 pubmed
    ..He was treated successfully with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. This child with chronic granulomatous disease had an unusual clinical manifestation of B. cepacia infection...
  60. Pitcher R, Hewitson J. Extrinsic bronchial compression by primary tuberculous adenopathy, simulating foreign-body aspiration. S Afr Med J. 2005;95:479-81 pubmed
  61. Khalid S, Jassim O. Images in clinical medicine. Scrofula. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:e18 pubmed
  62. Li Y, Yang Z, Guo Y, Min P, Yu J, Ma E, et al. Distribution and characteristics of hematogenous disseminated tuberculosis within the abdomen on contrast-enhanced CT. Abdom Imaging. 2007;32:484-8 pubmed
    ..This study investigated contrast-enhanced CT features and anatomic locations of hematogenous disseminated tuberculosis involving abdominal organs...
  63. Oloya J, Opuda Asibo J, Kazwala R, Demelash A, Skjerve E, Lund A, et al. Mycobacteria causing human cervical lymphadenitis in pastoral communities in the Karamoja region of Uganda. Epidemiol Infect. 2008;136:636-43 pubmed
    ..Isolation of environmental mycobacteria also confirms their increasing role in human disease and the occupational risk of infection in the transhumant ecosystem in the absence of safe drinking water and environmental contamination...
  64. Bajpai A, Jain N, Avashia S, Gupta P. Randomized, double-blind study on role of low level nitrogen laser therapy in treatment failure tubercular lymphadenopathy, sinuses and cold abscess. Indian J Tuberc. 2010;57:80-6 pubmed
    ..Effectiveness of low level nitrogen laser therapy along with antitubercular treatment (ATT) in cases of treatment failure and drug resistant tubercular lymphadenopathy, sinuses and cold abscess...
  65. Zalesska Krecicka M, Krecicki T, Morawska Kochman M, Mosiniak Trajnowicz K, Kuliczkowski K. [Nasopharyngeal carcinoma coexistent with lymph node tuberculosis, diagnostic difficulties--case report]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2005;59:607-9 pubmed
    ..They point to precise diagnostics of lymphonodular metastases, looking for primary carcinoma focus and difficulties in diagnosis...
  66. Lazarus A, Thilagar B. Tuberculous lymphadenitis. Dis Mon. 2007;53:10-5 pubmed
  67. Broughton A, Galant C, Hainaut P. Simultaneous occurrence of metastatic breast cancer, Hodgkin's disease and tuberculous lymphadenitis in homolateral axillary lymph nodes--a case report. Acta Clin Belg. 2008;63:391-3 pubmed
    ..The association of the 3 disorders in the same lymphatic region is unreported so far...
  68. Wright C, Warren R, Marais B. Fine needle aspiration biopsy: an undervalued diagnostic modality in paediatric mycobacterial disease. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009;13:1467-75 pubmed
    ..It also provides detail on how best to perform the technique, and suggests ways of making it more widely available in resource-limited settings, which carry the brunt of the paediatric TB disease burden...
  69. Vanhoenacker F, De Backer A, Op de B, Maes M, van Altena R, Van Beckevoort D, et al. Imaging of gastrointestinal and abdominal tuberculosis. Eur Radiol. 2004;14 Suppl 3:E103-15 pubmed
    ..Ultrasound may be used for follow-up to monitor therapy response. The diagnosis of abdominal TB should be considered if suggestive imaging findings are found in patients with a high index of suspicion...
  70. Cherian G. Diagnosis of tuberculous aetiology in pericardial effusions. Postgrad Med J. 2004;80:262-6 pubmed
    ..Histopathology may, however, show non-specific findings in a significant number. This review is an update on the diagnostic difficulties, current research, and criteria for diagnosis...
  71. Mustafa T, Mogga S, Mfinanga S, Mørkve O, Sviland L. Significance of Fas and Fas ligand in tuberculous lymphadenitis. Immunology. 2005;114:255-62 pubmed
    ..FasL seems to play a role in immune modulation and pathogenesis of TB. Modulators of Fas/FasL-mediated apoptosis may therefore be clinically useful...
  72. Fernández Fúnez A, Gómez Garrido J, Alamillo A, Sáez L. [Demyelinating polyneuropathy as the onset form of lymph node tuberculosis. Paradoxical response in an immunocompetent patient]. Med Clin (Barc). 2007;129:78-9 pubmed
  73. Owczarek W, Targowski T, Łebkowska K, Paluchowska E. [Tubercular inflammation of cervical lymph nodes with a colliquative tuberculosis focus--a case study]. Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 2009;77:417-21 pubmed
    ..In this report, a case of lymph node tuberculosis and of colliquative tuberculosis of the skin, at first erroneously diagnosed as actinomycosis, ..
  74. Yoon H, Song Y, Park W, Choi J, Chang K, Kim J. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Yonsei Med J. 2004;45:453-61 pubmed
    ..So it is important that the physician who first examines the patient should have a high degree of suspicion based on the chest radiography, localized or systemic symptoms and several laboratory parameters reviewed in this study...
  75. Waterhouse M, Wilson C, White V, Chowdhury T. Resolution of insulin-requiring diabetes after cessation of chemotherapy for tuberculosis. J R Soc Med. 2005;98:270-1 pubmed
  76. Kokosali K, Lloyd R. Tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis: an unusual case. Dent Update. 2006;33:306-8, 311 pubmed
    ..We discuss the significance of caseating granulomatous inflammation in cervical lymphadenitis and provide a brief overview of tuberculosis and a comparison with NTM...
  77. Ertas U, Tozoglu S, Uyanik M. Submandibular tuberculous lymphadenitis after endodontic treatment of the mandibular first premolar tooth: report of a case. J Endod. 2006;32:1107-9 pubmed
    ..In this report, a case of tuberculous submandibular lymphadenitis developing after endodontic treatment of the mandibular first premolar tooth is described...
  78. Hasibi M, Rezaii J, Kermani Z, Asadollahi M, Rashidi A, Abouzari M. The need to reassess the value of fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis in Iran. Scand J Infect Dis. 2007;39:750-1 pubmed
  79. Al Tawfiq J, Ghandour J. Cryptococcus neoformans abscess and osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent patient with tuberculous lymphadenitis. Infection. 2007;35:377-82 pubmed
    ..The patient received 12 weeks of fluconazole and a 1-year course of anti-tuberculous agents, with complete recovery...
  80. Eguchi K, Kikuchi K, Nakayama M. [Surgery for tuberculosis--a ten-year experience]. Kekkaku. 2010;85:439-42 pubmed
    ..Exchanging more information and alliance among physicians and thoracic surgeons will become more important for better tuberculosis treatment...
  81. Shao C, Qu J, He L. A comparative study of clinical manifestations caused by tuberculosis in immunocompromised and non-immunocompromised patients. Chin Med J (Engl). 2003;116:1717-22 pubmed
    ..To characterize the differences between clinical manifestations in immunocompromised patients (ICPs) and non-immunocompromised patients (non-ICPs) with tuberculosis...
  82. Asayama I, Ishikawa T, Yamada T, Kitagawa W, Shimizu K. A case of tuberculous granuloma at the supra-sternal notch that was difficult to differentiate from a thyroid tumor. Med Sci Monit. 2004;10:CS37-40 pubmed
    ..Despite a decline after World War II, the rate of tuberculosis remains higher in Japan than in other countries. We report a case of tuberculous granuloma at the supra-sternal notch that was difficult to differentiate from a thyroid tumor...
  83. Ozer E, Mumbuc S, Durucu C, Bayazit Y, Kanlikama M. [Management of paediatric neck masses]. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2004;12:78-83 pubmed
    ..The present study was designed to demonstrate the regional distribution prevalence and management differences of certain pediatric neck masses in this region of the country...
  84. Ramakrishna Y. Dental considerations in the management of children suffering from sickle cell disease: a case report. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2007;25:140-3 pubmed
    ..It is one of the most common genetic disorder worldwide, with an estimated 70 million people carrying the sickle gene. This article describes the dental considerations in managing a 6-year-old child suffering from SCD (SS type)...
  85. Kwon H, Kim H, Cho J, Hong Y, Nam H. Cycloserine-induced encephalopathy: evidence on brain MRI. Eur J Neurol. 2008;15:e60-1 pubmed publisher
  86. Choi E, Moon W, Lim Y. Case report. Tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis mimicking metastatic lymph nodes from papillary thyroid carcinoma. Br J Radiol. 2009;82:e208-11 pubmed publisher
  87. Dokuzlar U, Erisen L, Kasapoglu F, Coskun H, Basut O, Onart S, et al. Unexpected findings in the neck dissection specimens for primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2009;19:9-15 pubmed
  88. Crum N. Tuberculosis presenting as epitrochlear lymphadenitis. Scand J Infect Dis. 2003;35:888-90 pubmed
    ..Epitrochlear lymphadenitis is an uncommon presentation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in an immunocompetent host. This case report describes the third case in the literature and provides a review of the literature...
  89. Yin H, Zhou X, Wu J, Meng K, Sun Y. Mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumor of lymph nodes after receiving Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. Chin Med J (Engl). 2004;117:308-10 pubmed
  90. Hussain M, Rizvi N. Clinical and morphological evaluation of tuberculous peripheral lymphadenopathy. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2003;13:694-6 pubmed
    ..To analyze clinical presentations in patients of tuberculous peripheral lymphadenopathy...
  91. Dogru H, Yasan H, Candir O, Tuz M, Ciris M. Squamous cell metaplasia of the nasopharyngeal epithelium and its association with adult-onset otitis media with effusion. Acta Otolaryngol. 2005;125:580-4 pubmed
  92. Tabuenca Dopico O, Gutiérrez Mendiguchía C, Rego Iraeta A. [Incidental diagnosis of lymph node tuberculosis in an 111-indium-octreotide scintigraphy during a study of acromegaly]. Rev Esp Med Nucl. 2006;25:193-7 pubmed
    ..This case illustrate that (111)In-DTPAOC can be positive not only in tumoral but in benign pathology and, in specific cases, it can be a marker of inflammatory activity and useful for treatment monitoring...