mycobacterium infections

Summary

Summary: Infections with bacteria of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM.

Top Publications

  1. Zelazny A, Root J, Shea Y, Colombo R, Shamputa I, Stock F, et al. Cohort study of molecular identification and typing of Mycobacterium abscessus, Mycobacterium massiliense, and Mycobacterium bolletii. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:1985-95 pubmed publisher
    ..abscessus and closely related species. Molecular typing complements sequence-based identification and provides information on prevalent clones with possible relevant clinical aspects...
  2. Bernut A, Herrmann J, Kissa K, Dubremetz J, Gaillard J, Lutfalla G, et al. Mycobacterium abscessus cording prevents phagocytosis and promotes abscess formation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:E943-52 pubmed publisher
    ..This study is a description of the crucial role of cording in the in vivo physiopathology of M. abscessus infection and emphasizes cording as a mechanism of immune evasion. ..
  3. Sester M, Sotgiu G, Lange C, Giehl C, Girardi E, Migliori G, et al. Interferon-? release assays for the diagnosis of active tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Respir J. 2011;37:100-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Positive evidence for the use of IGRAs in compartments other than blood will require more independent and carefully designed prospective studies...
  4. da Costa A, Lopes M, Furlaneto I, de Sousa M, Lima K. Molecular identification of nontuberculous mycobacteria isolates in a Brazilian mycobacteria reference laboratory. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010;68:390-4 pubmed publisher
  5. Kumar D, Rao K. Regulation between survival, persistence, and elimination of intracellular mycobacteria: a nested equilibrium of delicate balances. Microbes Infect. 2011;13:121-33 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition we will also discuss the utility of adopting a systems biology approach, both for a better understanding of TB biology, and for the development of more effective ways for disease management...
  6. Roux A, Ray A, Pawlik A, Medjahed H, Etienne G, Rottman M, et al. Overexpression of proinflammatory TLR-2-signalling lipoproteins in hypervirulent mycobacterial variants. Cell Microbiol. 2011;13:692-704 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, R morphotype in M. abscessus is associated with increased synthesis/exposure at the cell surface of lipoproteins, these changes profoundly modifying the innate immune response through TLR-2-dependent mechanisms...
  7. Giulieri S, Morisod B, Edney T, Odman M, Genne D, Malinverni R, et al. Outbreak of Mycobacterium haemophilum infections after permanent makeup of the eyebrows. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;52:488-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Twelve patients presented an eyebrow lesion and cervical lymphadenitis. All were treated with antibiotics. Surgery was required in 10 cases. M. haemophilum DNA was identified in the make-up ink...
  8. Oberley Deegan R, Rebits B, Weaver M, Tollefson A, Bai X, McGibney M, et al. An oxidative environment promotes growth of Mycobacterium abscessus. Free Radic Biol Med. 2010;49:1666-73 pubmed publisher
    ..abscessus growth is inhibited. These results lead us to postulate that antioxidants may aid in the treatment of M. abscessus infections...
  9. Nessar R, Cambau E, Reyrat J, Murray A, Gicquel B. Mycobacterium abscessus: a new antibiotic nightmare. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012;67:810-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This review raises the profile of this important pathogen and highlights the work needed to decipher the molecular events responsible for its extensive chemotherapeutic resistance...

More Information

Publications75

  1. Higgins J, Camp P, Farrell D, Bravo D, Pate M, Robbe Austerman S. Identification of Mycobacterium spp. of veterinary importance using rpoB gene sequencing. BMC Vet Res. 2011;7:77 pubmed publisher
    ..Given that MAC are important pathogens in livestock, companion animals, and zoo/exotic animals, we were interested in evaluating the use of rpoB sequencing for identification of Mycobacterium isolates of veterinary origin...
  2. Quezel Guerraz N, Arriaza M, Avila J, Sánchez Yebra Romera W, Martínez Lirola M. Evaluation of the Speed-oligo® Mycobacteria assay for identification of Mycobacterium spp. from fresh liquid and solid cultures of human clinical samples. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010;68:123-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Concordant results were obtained for 177/182 bacilli (97.2%). There was only 1 major discrepancy, misidentification of Mycobacterium marinum as M. kansasii, verified by sequencing...
  3. Saleeb P, Drake S, Murray P, Zelazny A. Identification of mycobacteria in solid-culture media by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:1790-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that MALDI-TOF MS analysis can be incorporated into the work flow of the microbiology laboratory for rapid and accurate identification of most strains of mycobacteria isolated from solid growth media...
  4. Thomson R. Changing epidemiology of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria infections. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010;16:1576-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Mycobacterium intracellulare is the main pathogen associated with the increase in isolates speciated in Queensland...
  5. Murray K, Bauer J, Tallen A, Matthews J, Westerfield M, Varga Z. Characterization and management of asymptomatic Mycobacterium infections at the Zebrafish International Resource Center. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2011;50:675-9 pubmed
    ..Application of these findings has allowed us to decrease mycobacteriosis in TU zebrafish and resume shipment of TU adults to the research community...
  6. Moore J, Kruijshaar M, Ormerod L, Drobniewski F, Abubakar I. Increasing reports of non-tuberculous mycobacteria in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, 1995-2006. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:612 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated recent trends in, and the epidemiology of, non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, 1995-2006...
  7. Browne S, Burbelo P, Chetchotisakd P, Suputtamongkol Y, Kiertiburanakul S, Shaw P, et al. Adult-onset immunodeficiency in Thailand and Taiwan. N Engl J Med. 2012;367:725-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00814827.). ..
  8. Tobin D, Roca F, Oh S, McFarland R, Vickery T, Ray J, et al. Host genotype-specific therapies can optimize the inflammatory response to mycobacterial infections. Cell. 2012;148:434-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, our findings suggest that host-directed therapies tailored to patient LTA4H genotypes may counter detrimental effects of either extreme of inflammation. ..
  9. Piseddu E, Trotta M, Tortoli E, Avanzi M, Tasca S, Solano Gallego L. Detection and molecular characterization of Mycobacterium celatum as a cause of splenitis in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). J Comp Pathol. 2011;144:214-8 pubmed publisher
    ..After 40 days of treatment, the spleen was re-evaluated. Cytological evaluation revealed only extramedullary haematopoiesis without evidence of infection. Discontinuation of therapy was followed by rapid deterioration and death...
  10. Malcolm K, Nichols E, Caceres S, Kret J, Martiniano S, Sagel S, et al. Mycobacterium abscessus induces a limited pattern of neutrophil activation that promotes pathogen survival. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e57402 pubmed publisher
    ..aureus. These studies add to our understanding of M. abscessus virulence and suggest potential targets of therapy...
  11. Matsumoto C, Chimara E, Bombarda S, Duarte R, Leao S. Diversity of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns of Mycobacterium abscessus type 2 clinical isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:62-8 pubmed publisher
    ..PFGE showed 100% typeability and reproducibility and discriminatory powers, calculated by Simpson's index of diversity, of 0.978 (DraI) and 0.986 (AseI), confirming its suitability for the discrimination of M. abscessus type 2 isolates...
  12. Browne S, Zaman R, Sampaio E, Jutivorakool K, Rosen L, Ding L, et al. Anti-CD20 (rituximab) therapy for anti-IFN-? autoantibody-associated nontuberculous mycobacterial infection. Blood. 2012;119:3933-9 pubmed publisher
  13. Choi G, Chang C, Whang J, Kim H, Kwon O, Koh W, et al. Efficient differentiation of Mycobacterium abscessus complex isolates to the species level by a novel PCR-based variable-number tandem-repeat assay. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:1107-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The assay accuracy was confirmed by a multiple-target sequence analysis. The duplex PCR assay is a one-step, reliable, and accurate assay for discriminating M. abscessus species...
  14. García Pérez B, Villagómez Palatto D, Castañeda Sánchez J, Coral Vazquez R, Ramirez Sanchez I, Ordoñez Razo R, et al. Innate response of human endothelial cells infected with mycobacteria. Immunobiology. 2011;216:925-35 pubmed publisher
    ..As a whole, our results describe some aspects of the innate response of HUVEC infected by mycobacteria with different virulence and suggest that a strong cytoskeleton mobilization triggers a high NO production in these cells...
  15. Shojaei H, Heidarieh P, Hashemi A, Feizabadi M, Daei Naser A. Species identification of neglected nontuberculous mycobacteria in a developing country. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2011;64:265-71 pubmed
    ..With regard to the complexity of identification, it is recommended that laboratory diagnosis of NTM diseases be centralized by strengthening or setting up quality national and regional infrastructure...
  16. Simeone R, Bobard A, Lippmann J, Bitter W, Majlessi L, Brosch R, et al. Phagosomal rupture by Mycobacterium tuberculosis results in toxicity and host cell death. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002507 pubmed publisher
    ..In this respect, our results also open new research directions in relation with the extracellular localization of M. tuberculosis inside necrotic lesions that can now be tackled from a completely new perspective...
  17. Kampitak T, Suwanpimolkul G, Browne S, Suankratay C. Anti-interferon-? autoantibody and opportunistic infections: case series and review of the literature. Infection. 2011;39:65-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Two patients also developed Sweet's syndrome during the course of infections. In addition, we also review all previous reports of patients with anti-IFN-? antibodies who were susceptible to NTM and Salmonella infections...
  18. Tortoli E, Galli L, Andebirhan T, Baruzzo S, Chiappini E, de Martino M, et al. The first case of Mycobacterium sherrisii disseminated infection in a child with AIDS. AIDS. 2007;21:1496-8 pubmed
  19. Huang W, Chiou C, Chen J, Shen G. Molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium abscessus infections in a subtropical chronic ventilatory setting. J Med Microbiol. 2010;59:1203-11 pubmed publisher
    ..abscessus infections may have been spread by the movement of patients between RCWs, a routine practice in Taiwan's integrated delivery system. ..
  20. Talati N, Rouphael N, Kuppalli K, Franco Paredes C. Spectrum of CNS disease caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008;8:390-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment requires a long course of two or more antibiotics that have the ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier, and possibly of steroids as immunomodulatory agents, such as those used in tuberculous meningitis. ..
  21. Levy I, Grisaru Soen G, Lerner Geva L, Kerem E, Blau H, Bentur L, et al. Multicenter cross-sectional study of nontuberculous mycobacterial infections among cystic fibrosis patients, Israel. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:378-84 pubmed publisher
    ..17-1.85, respectively). The incidence of NTM pulmonary infections is increasing among cystic fibrosis patients, reflecting the increase in longevity of such patients as well as environmental exposure to various species of mycobacteria. ..
  22. Narang R, Narang P, Mendiratta D. Isolation and identification of nontuberculous mycobacteria from water and soil in central India. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2009;27:247-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Mycobacterium avium was the only species isolated from both clinical and environmental samples of the same patient; but the isolates did not match using PCR for IS 1311 and IS 1245 spacer sequences. ..
  23. Macheras E, Roux A, Ripoll F, Sivadon Tardy V, Gutierrez C, Gaillard J, et al. Inaccuracy of single-target sequencing for discriminating species of the Mycobacterium abscessus group. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:2596-600 pubmed publisher
    ..quot; Sequence analysis of five housekeeping genes also showed composite patterns in 8 of these 15 isolates. ..
  24. van Ingen J, Bendien S, de Lange W, Hoefsloot W, Dekhuijzen P, Boeree M, et al. Clinical relevance of non-tuberculous mycobacteria isolated in the Nijmegen-Arnhem region, The Netherlands. Thorax. 2009;64:502-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Species distribution differs from that of neighbouring countries and the M avium complex isolates have traits different from those reported in the USA. Adherence to diagnostic and treatment guidelines can be improved. ..
  25. Redelman Sidi G, Sepkowitz K. Rapidly growing mycobacteria infection in patients with cancer. Clin Infect Dis. 2010;51:422-34 pubmed publisher
    ..In turn, the approach to management, including number and duration of antimycobacterial drugs, may be fundamentally different for various patients with cancer who receive a diagnosis of RGM infection. ..
  26. Oloya J, Opuda Asibo J, Kazwala R, Demelash A, Skjerve E, Lund A, et al. Mycobacteria causing human cervical lymphadenitis in pastoral communities in the Karamoja region of Uganda. Epidemiol Infect. 2008;136:636-43 pubmed
    ..Isolation of environmental mycobacteria also confirms their increasing role in human disease and the occupational risk of infection in the transhumant ecosystem in the absence of safe drinking water and environmental contamination...
  27. Lesley R, Ramakrishnan L. Insights into early mycobacterial pathogenesis from the zebrafish. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2008;11:277-83 pubmed publisher
    ..As these studies uncover new facets of the bacteria-host interactions in tuberculosis they raise even more questions for future investigation. ..
  28. Salah I, Ghigo E, Drancourt M. Free-living amoebae, a training field for macrophage resistance of mycobacteria. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009;15:894-905 pubmed publisher
    ..The latter hypothesis warrants further environmental and clinical studies to better assess the role of free-living amoebae in the epidemiology of infections caused by mycobacteria...
  29. Winthrop K, McNelley E, Kendall B, Marshall Olson A, Morris C, Cassidy M, et al. Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial disease prevalence and clinical features: an emerging public health disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010;182:977-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Pulmonary NTM disease is not uncommon, particularly among elderly females. The ATS/IDSA microbiologic criteria are highly predictive of disease and could be useful for laboratory-based NTM disease surveillance. ..
  30. Al Muhsen S, Casanova J. The genetic heterogeneity of mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial diseases. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;122:1043-51; quiz 1052-3 pubmed publisher
    ..The investigation of children from areas in which consanguineous marriages are common will probably facilitate the description of many more AR traits. ..
  31. Eid A, Berbari E, Sia I, Wengenack N, Osmon D, Razonable R. Prosthetic joint infection due to rapidly growing mycobacteria: report of 8 cases and review of the literature. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45:687-94 pubmed
    ..Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) due to rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) is only occasionally encountered in clinical practice. Therefore, the optimal clinical management for this condition is unknown...
  32. van Ingen J, Boeree M, Kösters K, Wieland A, Tortoli E, Dekhuijzen P, et al. Proposal to elevate Mycobacterium avium complex ITS sequevar MAC-Q to Mycobacterium vulneris sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:2277-82 pubmed publisher
    ..avium complex strains sharing this 16S gene and MAC-Q ITS sequence to separate species status, for which the name Mycobacterium vulneris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NLA000700772T (=DSM 45247T=CIP 109859T)...
  33. Johnson M, Waller E, Leventhal J. Nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2008;14:203-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, clinicians are more often confronted with diagnostic and therapeutic challenges relevant to the care of patients with nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease...
  34. Cosma C, Humbert O, Sherman D, Ramakrishnan L. Trafficking of superinfecting Mycobacterium organisms into established granulomas occurs in mammals and is independent of the Erp and ESX-1 mycobacterial virulence loci. J Infect Dis. 2008;198:1851-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that homing of infected macrophages to sites of infection is a general feature of the pathogenesis of tuberculosis and has important consequences for therapeutic strategies...
  35. McGrath E, McCabe J, Anderson P. Guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacteria infection. Int J Clin Pract. 2008;62:1947-55 pubmed publisher
    ..This confusion combined with increasing requests for advice on the treatment of disease has led to the development of guidelines to assist the clinician in diagnosing and treating infection accurately...
  36. Martins de Sousa E, Bonfim de Bortoli F, Amaral E, Batista A, Liberman Kipnis T, Marques Cardoso A, et al. Acute immune response to Mycobacterium massiliense in C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice. Infect Immun. 2010;78:1571-81 pubmed publisher
  37. van Ingen J, Boeree M, Dekhuijzen P, van Soolingen D. Mycobacterial disease in patients with rheumatic disease. Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol. 2008;4:649-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies are needed to determine the prevalence of NTM disease in this setting, and to evaluate the safety of simultaneous anti-TNF and antimycobacterial treatment...
  38. Rottman M, Catherinot E, Hochedez P, Emile J, Casanova J, Gaillard J, et al. Importance of T cells, gamma interferon, and tumor necrosis factor in immune control of the rapid grower Mycobacterium abscessus in C57BL/6 mice. Infect Immun. 2007;75:5898-907 pubmed
    ..chelonae. T-cell immunity, IFN-gamma, and TNF are central factors for the control of M. abscessus in C57BL/6 mice, as they are for the control of pathogenic slowly growing mycobacteria...
  39. Hogardt M, Schreff A, Naumann L, Reischl U, Sing A. Mycobacterium monacense in a patient with a pulmonary tumor. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2008;61:77-8 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first case of M. monacense described in a non-European patient with a tuberculosis-like disease. Further evaluation of the human pathogenic potential of M. monacense is needed...
  40. Leao S, Viana Niero C, Matsumoto C, Lima K, Lopes M, Palaci M, et al. Epidemic of surgical-site infections by a single clone of rapidly growing mycobacteria in Brazil. Future Microbiol. 2010;5:971-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Our aim is to investigate if the clusters of postsurgical mycobacterial infections, reported between 2004 and 2008 in seven geographically distant states in Brazil, were caused by a single mycobacterial strain...
  41. Tortoli E. Clinical manifestations of nontuberculous mycobacteria infections. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009;15:906-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The problems concerning the assessment of the clinical significance of NTM, along with a consideration of the more frequent NTM pathologies, are the major objectives of this review...
  42. Leong A, Wannakrairot P, Leong T. Apoptosis is a major cause of so-called "caseous necrosis" in mycobacterial granulomas in HIV-infected patients. J Clin Pathol. 2008;61:366-72 pubmed
    ..To demonstrate that so-called "caseous necrosis" is the result of apoptosis and investigate the association of B and T cells, and macrophages with the granulomas and their relationship to some apoptosis-related proteins...
  43. Daley C. Nontuberculous mycobacterial disease in transplant recipients: early diagnosis and treatment. Curr Opin Organ Transplant. 2009;14:619-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Infections due to nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections are increasing and, thus, it is likely that practitioners will see an increase in NTM infections in transplant recipients...
  44. van Ingen J, Al Hajoj S, Boeree M, Al Rabiah F, Enaimi M, de Zwaan R, et al. Mycobacterium riyadhense sp. nov., a non-tuberculous species identified as Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex by a commercial line-probe assay. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:1049-53 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose the name Mycobacterium riyadhense sp. nov. to accommodate this strain. The type strain is NLA000201958(T) (=CIP 109808(T) =DSM 45176(T))...
  45. Arend S, van Soolingen D, Ottenhoff T. Diagnosis and treatment of lung infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2009;15:201-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This review summarizes recent literature regarding epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of NTM lung infections...
  46. Sechi L, Rosu V, Pacifico A, Fadda G, Ahmed N, Zanetti S. Humoral immune responses of type 1 diabetes patients to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis lend support to the infectious trigger hypothesis. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2008;15:320-6 pubmed
    ..Finding evidence of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis involvement in T1DM is perhaps a novel finding that might serve as a foundation stone in establishing an infectious etiology for T1DM...
  47. Ryu Y, Kim E, Lee S, Kim S, Suh G, Chung M, et al. Impaired expression of Toll-like receptor 2 in nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease. Eur Respir J. 2007;30:736-42 pubmed
  48. Furuya E, Paez A, Srinivasan A, Cooksey R, Augenbraun M, Baron M, et al. Outbreak of Mycobacterium abscessus wound infections among "lipotourists" from the United States who underwent abdominoplasty in the Dominican Republic. Clin Infect Dis. 2008;46:1181-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Some US residents travel abroad to undergo cosmetic surgery for fat removal, a practice referred to as "lipotourism." Mycobacterium abscessus can cause postsurgical wound infection...
  49. Girón R, Maiz L, Barrio I, Martinez M, Salcedo A, Prados C. [Nontuberculous mycobacterial infection in patients with cystic fibrosis: a multicenter prevalence study]. Arch Bronconeumol. 2008;44:679-84 pubmed
    ..To determine the prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacterial infection in patients with cystic fibrosis...
  50. Zanetti S, Bua A, Molicotti P, Delogu G, Mura A, Ortu S, et al. Identification of mycobacterial infections in wild boars in Northern Sardinia, Italy. Acta Vet Hung. 2008;56:145-52 pubmed publisher
  51. Davis J, Ramakrishnan L. The role of the granuloma in expansion and dissemination of early tuberculous infection. Cell. 2009;136:37-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Our direct observations provide insight into how pathogenic mycobacteria exploit the granuloma during the innate immune phase for local expansion and systemic dissemination...
  52. Richardson E, Samson D, Banaei N. Rapid Identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacteria by multiplex, real-time PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:1497-502 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that this multiplex, real-time PCR assay is a useful diagnostic tool for the rapid and accurate identification of MTC and clinically relevant nontuberculous mycobacteria...
  53. Prevots D, Shaw P, Strickland D, Jackson L, Raebel M, Blosky M, et al. Nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease prevalence at four integrated health care delivery systems. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010;182:970-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Single-site clinic-based studies suggest an increasing prevalence of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease, but systematic data are lacking...
  54. Kankya C, Muwonge A, Olet S, Munyeme M, Biffa D, Opuda Asibo J, et al. Factors associated with pastoral community knowledge and occurrence of mycobacterial infections in human-animal interface areas of Nakasongola and Mubende districts, Uganda. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:471 pubmed publisher
  55. Shin D, Yang C, Yuk J, Lee J, Kim K, Shin S, et al. Mycobacterium abscessus activates the macrophage innate immune response via a physical and functional interaction between TLR2 and dectin-1. Cell Microbiol. 2008;10:1608-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, these data demonstrate that Mab actively internalizes into and robustly activates innate immune responses in macrophages through a physical and functional interaction between TLR2 and dectin-1...
  56. Chan E, Bai X, Kartalija M, Orme I, Ordway D. Host immune response to rapidly growing mycobacteria, an emerging cause of chronic lung disease. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2010;43:387-93 pubmed publisher
    ..However, much remains to be discovered on why seemingly healthy individuals, particularly slender postmenopausal women with thoracic cage anomalies, appear to be at increased risk...
  57. Cassidy P, Hedberg K, Saulson A, McNelly E, Winthrop K. Nontuberculous mycobacterial disease prevalence and risk factors: a changing epidemiology. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;49:e124-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We sought to estimate NTM disease prevalence in Oregon, and describe disease by site, species, and patient demographic characteristics...
  58. Neonakis I, Gitti Z, Kourbeti I, Michelaki H, Baritaki M, Alevraki G, et al. Mycobacterial species diversity at a general hospital on the island of Crete: first detection of Mycobacterium lentiflavum in Greece. Scand J Infect Dis. 2007;39:875-9 pubmed
    ..All strains exhibited multidrug resistance. The patients were adults with immunosuppression or predisposing conditions for NTM infection. Diagnosis of true infection was either not pursued or the patients died shortly after isolation...
  59. Piersimoni C, Scarparo C. Extrapulmonary infections associated with nontuberculous mycobacteria in immunocompetent persons. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1351-8; quiz 1544 pubmed publisher
    ..Laboratory research and multicenter controlled trials are needed to improve diagnosis and treatment of these infections...
  60. Kim H, Yun Y, Park C, Lee D, Cho Y, Park B, et al. Outbreak of Mycobacterium massiliense infection associated with intramuscular injections. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45:3127-30 pubmed
    ..These isolates were identified as Mycobacterium massiliense (100% similarity)...
  61. Peyron P, Vaubourgeix J, Poquet Y, Levillain F, Botanch C, Bardou F, et al. Foamy macrophages from tuberculous patients' granulomas constitute a nutrient-rich reservoir for M. tuberculosis persistence. PLoS Pathog. 2008;4:e1000204 pubmed publisher
  62. Cardoso A, Martins de Sousa E, Viana Niero C, Bonfim de Bortoli F, Pereira das Neves Z, Leao S, et al. Emergence of nosocomial Mycobacterium massiliense infection in Goiás, Brazil. Microbes Infect. 2008;10:1552-7 pubmed publisher
    ..All isolates were typed as a single clone, indicating that they have the same origin, which suggests a common source of infection for all patients...
  63. Thomas V, McDonnell G. Relationship between mycobacteria and amoebae: ecological and epidemiological concerns. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2007;45:349-57 pubmed
    ..This review will consider the progress made in understanding the relationships between mycobacteria and amoebae, and their consequences in terms of ecology and epidemiology...
  64. Chetchotisakd P, Kiertiburanakul S, Mootsikapun P, Assanasen S, Chaiwarith R, Anunnatsiri S. Disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial infection in patients who are not infected with HIV in Thailand. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45:421-7 pubmed
    ..Therefore, in recognition of the increasing significance of this unique disease due to NTM in our country, we initiated a study to assess the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and geographic variations of this disease...
  65. McGaw L, Lall N, Meyer J, Eloff J. The potential of South African plants against Mycobacterium infections. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;119:482-500 pubmed publisher
    ..Many plants are used locally in traditional medicine to treat TB-related symptoms...
  66. Kim S, Kim S, Eun B, Yoo W, Park K, Choi E, et al. BCG osteomyelitis caused by the BCG Tokyo strain and confirmed by molecular method. Vaccine. 2008;26:4379-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The isolates were identified as BCG Tokyo strains by the deletion of the region of difference 1 (RD1) and characterization of RD8 and RD14 using the multiplex polymerase chain reaction...