Summary: A family of phototrophic purple sulfur bacteria that deposit globules of elemental sulfur inside their cells. They are found in diverse aquatic environments.

Top Publications

  1. Imhoff J, Süling J, Petri R. Phylogenetic relationships among the Chromatiaceae, their taxonomic reclassification and description of the new genera Allochromatium, Halochromatium, Isochromatium, Marichromatium, Thiococcus, Thiohalocapsa and Thermochromatium. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1998;48 Pt 4:1129-43 pubmed
    ..from all available type strains of Chromatium species have been determined and were compared to those of other Chromatiaceae, a few selected Ectothiorhodospiraceae and Escherichia coli...
  2. Lübbe Y, Youn H, Timkovich R, Dahl C. Siro(haem)amide in Allochromatium vinosum and relevance of DsrL and DsrN, a homolog of cobyrinic acid a,c-diamide synthase, for sulphur oxidation. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2006;261:194-202 pubmed
    ..Deletion of dsrL showed that the encoded protein is absolutely essential for sulphur oxidation in A. vinosum...
  3. Grimm F, Dobler N, Dahl C. Regulation of dsr genes encoding proteins responsible for the oxidation of stored sulfur in Allochromatium vinosum. Microbiology. 2010;156:764-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Earlier structural analyses indicated the presence of a helix-turn-helix (HTH)-like motif in DsrC. We therefore assessed the DNA-binding capability of the protein and provide evidence for a possible regulatory function of DsrC...
  4. Cort J, Selan U, Schulte A, Grimm F, Kennedy M, Dahl C. Allochromatium vinosum DsrC: solution-state NMR structure, redox properties, and interaction with DsrEFH, a protein essential for purple sulfur bacterial sulfur oxidation. J Mol Biol. 2008;382:692-707 pubmed publisher
  5. Meissner J, Pfennig N, Krauss J, Mayer H, Weckesser J. Lipopolysaccharides of Thiocystis violacea, Thiocapsa pfennigii, and Chromatium tepidum, species of the family Chromatiaceae. J Bacteriol. 1988;170:3217-22 pubmed
    The lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of three species of purple sulfur bacteria (Chromatiaceae), Thiocystis violacea, Thiocapsa pfennigii, and the moderately thermophilic bacterium Chromatium tepidum, were isolated...
  6. Grein F, Pereira I, Dahl C. Biochemical characterization of individual components of the Allochromatium vinosum DsrMKJOP transmembrane complex aids understanding of complex function in vivo. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:6369-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Coelution assays provide support for the proposed interaction of DsrK with the soluble cytoplasmic protein DsrC, which might be its substrate. A model for the function of DsrMKJOP in the purple sulfur bacterium A. vinosum is presented...
  7. Dahl C, Schulte A, Stockdreher Y, Hong C, Grimm F, Sander J, et al. Structural and molecular genetic insight into a widespread sulfur oxidation pathway. J Mol Biol. 2008;384:1287-300 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, our findings point at the occurrence of sulfur transfer reactions during sulfur oxidation via the Dsr proteins...
  8. Frigaard N, Dahl C. Sulfur metabolism in phototrophic sulfur bacteria. Adv Microb Physiol. 2009;54:103-200 pubmed publisher
    ..reactions have been isolated from GSB and PSB (especially Allochromatium vinosum, a representative of the Chromatiaceae), and many are well characterized also on a molecular genetic level...
  9. Meyer B, Kuever J. Molecular analysis of the distribution and phylogeny of dissimilatory adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate reductase-encoding genes (aprBA) among sulfur-oxidizing prokaryotes. Microbiology. 2007;153:3478-98 pubmed
    ..and chemotrophs with strict anaerobic or at least facultative anaerobic lifestyles, including Chlorobiaceae, Chromatiaceae, Thiobacillus, Thiothrix and invertebrate symbionts...

More Information


  1. Sander J, Engels Schwarzlose S, Dahl C. Importance of the DsrMKJOP complex for sulfur oxidation in Allochromatium vinosum and phylogenetic analysis of related complexes in other prokaryotes. Arch Microbiol. 2006;186:357-66 pubmed
    ..Surprisingly, the dsrMKJOP genes of the Chlorobiaceae all cluster together with those of the sulfate/sulfite-reducing prokaryotes, indicating a lateral gene transfer at the base of the Chlorobiaceae...
  2. Sanchez O, Ferrera I, Dahl C, Mas J. In vivo role of adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate reductase in the purple sulfur bacterium Allochromatium vinosum. Arch Microbiol. 2001;176:301-5 pubmed
    ..vinosum grew considerably faster than the mutant. Increasing the irradiance even further resulted in inhibition of the wild-type strain down to the level of the APS reductase mutant. The implications of these results are discussed...
  3. Hensen D, Sperling D, Trüper H, Brune D, Dahl C. Thiosulphate oxidation in the phototrophic sulphur bacterium Allochromatium vinosum. Mol Microbiol. 2006;62:794-810 pubmed
    ..vinosum appears to be related to the lack of soxCD genes, the products of which are proposed to oxidize SoxY-bound sulphane sulphur. In their absence the latter is instead transferred to growing sulphur globules...
  4. Dahl C, Engels S, Pott Sperling A, Schulte A, Sander J, Lübbe Y, et al. Novel genes of the dsr gene cluster and evidence for close interaction of Dsr proteins during sulfur oxidation in the phototrophic sulfur bacterium Allochromatium vinosum. J Bacteriol. 2005;187:1392-404 pubmed
  5. Meyer D, de Andrade P, Durrer A, Andreote F, Corção G, Brandelli A. Bacterial communities involved in sulfur transformations in wastewater treatment plants. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016;100:10125-10135 pubmed
    ..For SOB, the most abundant families were Spirochaetaceae, Chromatiaceae, Helicobacteriaceae, Rhodospirillaceae, and Neisseriaceae, whereas, for SRB, were Syntrophaceae, ..
  6. Kumar P, Srinivas T, Sasikala C, Ramana C. Halochromatium roseum sp. nov., a non-motile phototrophic gammaproteobacterium with gas vesicles, and emended description of the genus Halochromatium. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:2110-3 pubmed
    ..nov. ..
  7. Gitelson A, Stark R, Dor I, Michelson O, Yacobi Y. Optical characteristics of the phototroph Thiocapsa roseopersicina and implications for real-time monitoring of the bacteriochlorophyll concentration. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:3392-7 pubmed
    ..roseopersicina and other bacteriochlorophyll a-containing microbes. ..
  8. Yang S, Lian J, Zhao C, Ma W, Qu Y. [Identification and phylogenetic analysis of an okenone-containing halophilic purple sulfur bacterium]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2008;48:571-6 pubmed
    ..On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and its morphological and physiological characteristics, strain 283-1 is a new isolate of Marichromatium genus, named as Marichromatium sp. 283-1. ..
  9. Hirano Y, Kimura Y, Suzuki H, Miki K, Wang Z. Structure analysis and comparative characterization of the cytochrome c' and flavocytochrome c from thermophilic purple photosynthetic bacterium Thermochromatium tepidum. Biochemistry. 2012;51:6556-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Detailed discussion is given on the relationships between the crystal structures and the spectroscopic properties observed for these proteins. ..
  10. Ma F, Kimura Y, Zhao X, Wu Y, Wang P, Fu L, et al. Excitation dynamics of two spectral forms of the core complexes from photosynthetic bacterium Thermochromatium tepidum. Biophys J. 2008;95:3349-57 pubmed publisher
    ..tepidum with a spectral heterogeneity of approximately 240 cm(-1), as well as an alteration in BChl-Car geometry in the 889-nm preparation with respect to the native one. ..
  11. Bleijlevens B, van Broekhuizen F, De Lacey A, Roseboom W, Fernandez V, Albracht S. The activation of the [NiFe]-hydrogenase from Allochromatium vinosum. An infrared spectro-electrochemical study. J Biol Inorg Chem. 2004;9:743-52 pubmed
    ..It is further shown that the active site in enzyme reduced by 1 bar H(2) can occur in three different electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)-silent states with a different degree of protonation. ..
  12. Campbell M, Chain P, Dang H, El Sheikh A, Norton J, Ward N, et al. Nitrosococcus watsonii sp. nov., a new species of marine obligate ammonia-oxidizing bacteria that is not omnipresent in the world's oceans: calls to validate the names 'Nitrosococcus halophilus' and 'Nitrosomonas mobilis'. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2011;76:39-48 pubmed publisher
    ..The literature on the genus Nitrosococcus in the Chromatiaceae family of purple sulfur bacteria (Gammaproteobacteria, Chromatiales) contains reports on four described ..
  13. Banciu H, Sorokin D, Galinski E, Muyzer G, Kleerebezem R, Kuenen J. Thialkalivibrio halophilus sp. nov., a novel obligately chemolithoautotrophic, facultatively alkaliphilic, and extremely salt-tolerant, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium from a hypersaline alkaline lake. Extremophiles. 2004;8:325-34 pubmed
    ..This may have important implications in overall energetic metabolism of high salt adaptation. ..
  14. Gupta H, Gupta R, Singh A, Chauhan N, Sharma R. Genome sequence of Rheinheimera sp. strain A13L, isolated from Pangong Lake, India. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:5873-4 pubmed publisher
    ..strain A13L (4,523,491 bp with a G+C content of 46.23%). The genome is predicted to contain genes for marinocine and colicin V production, which may be responsible for the antimicrobial activity of the strain. ..
  15. Lylloff J, Hansen L, Jepsen M, Sanggaard K, Vester J, Enghild J, et al. Genomic and exoproteomic analyses of cold- and alkaline-adapted bacteria reveal an abundance of secreted subtilisin-like proteases. Microb Biotechnol. 2016;9:245-56 pubmed publisher
    ..ikkense exoproteome. Recombinant production of both proteases confirmed the observed activity. ..
  16. Nogales B, Guerrero R, Esteve I. Susceptibility of various purple and green sulfur bacteria to different antimicrobial agents. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1994;123:37-42 pubmed
  17. Virk A, Capalash N, Sharma P. An alkalophilic laccase from Rheinheimera species isolate: production and biobleaching of kraft pulp. Biotechnol Prog. 2012;28:1426-31 pubmed publisher
    ..XLAS treatment resulted in 15, 13, 10.9% increase in burst factor, tear factor, and viscosity with a 20% reduced consumption of elemental chlorine and hypochlorite. ..
  18. Serrano W, Amann R, Rossello Mora R, Fischer U. Evaluation of the use of multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) to resolve taxonomic conflicts within the genus Marichromatium. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2010;33:116-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The reconstructed phylogenetic tree based on concatenation of six protein-coding genes was also highly congruent with the tree topology based on the 16S rRNA gene. ..
  19. De Smet L, Kostanjevecki V, Guisez Y, Van Beeumen J. A novel system for heterologous expression of flavocytochrome c in phototrophic bacteria using the Allochromatium vinosum rbcA promoter. Arch Microbiol. 2001;176:19-28 pubmed
    ..This system may prove to be of general use for the production of recombinant c-type cytochromes in homologous or related host systems...
  20. Anil Kumar P, Srinivas T, Sasikala C, Ramana C, Imhoff J. Thiophaeococcus mangrovi gen. nov., sp. nov., a photosynthetic, marine gammaproteobacterium isolated from the Bhitarkanika mangrove forest of India. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:2660-4 pubmed publisher
    ..1-68.9 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicate that the isolate represents a member of the Chromatiaceae within the class Gammaproteobacteria...
  21. Tian J, Sinskey A, Stubbe J. Class III polyhydroxybutyrate synthase: involvement in chain termination and reinitiation. Biochemistry. 2005;44:8369-77 pubmed
    ..The results from studies under both sets of conditions suggest that an inherent property of the synthase is chain termination and reinitiation. ..
  22. Storelli N, Peduzzi S, Saad M, Frigaard N, Perret X, Tonolla M. CO? assimilation in the chemocline of Lake Cadagno is dominated by a few types of phototrophic purple sulfur bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2013;84:421-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, the peaks in cbbL expression did not correlate with the peaks in CO? assimilation. ..
  23. Dahl C, Schulte A, Shin D. Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of DsrEFH from Allochromatium vinosum. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2007;63:890-2 pubmed
    ..6, b = 183.1, c = 107.8 A, beta = 99.6 degrees. A full structure determination is under way in order to provide insight into the structure-function relationships of this protein. ..
  24. Stockdreher Y, Venceslau S, Josten M, Sahl H, Pereira I, Dahl C. Cytoplasmic sulfurtransferases in the purple sulfur bacterium Allochromatium vinosum: evidence for sulfur transfer from DsrEFH to DsrC. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40785 pubmed publisher
  25. Yu L, Kato S, Wang Z. Examination of the putative Ca2+-binding site in the light-harvesting complex 1 of thermophilic purple sulfur bacterium Thermochromatium tepidum. Photosynth Res. 2010;106:215-20 pubmed publisher
    ..The slow response of LH1 Q (y) transition upon exposure to EDTA is discussed in terms of the membrane environment in the chromatophores...
  26. Stomp M, Huisman J, Stal L, Matthijs H. Colorful niches of phototrophic microorganisms shaped by vibrations of the water molecule. ISME J. 2007;1:271-82 pubmed
    ..This suggests that vibrations of the water molecule have played a major role in the ecology and evolution of phototrophic microorganisms...
  27. Vogl K, Bryant D. Biosynthesis of the biomarker okenone: ?-ring formation. Geobiology. 2012;10:205-15 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that it probably will not be possible to deduce the activity of carotene desaturase/methyltransferases solely from sequence data. ..
  28. Anil Kumar P, Srinivas T, Sasikala C, Ramana C. Allochromatium renukae sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:404-7 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is JA136(T) (=JCM 14262(T) =DSM 18713(T)). ..
  29. Li Y, Kimura Y, Arikawa T, Wang Otomo Z, Ohno T. ATR-FTIR detection of metal-sensitive structural changes in the light-harvesting 1 reaction center complex from the thermophilic purple sulfur bacterium Thermochromatium tepidum. Biochemistry. 2013;52:9001-8 pubmed publisher
    ..tepidum LH1-RC proteins are discussed on the basis of the recent structural information on the Ca(2+)-binding site. ..
  30. Norton J, Alzerreca J, Suwa Y, Klotz M. Diversity of ammonia monooxygenase operon in autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. Arch Microbiol. 2002;177:139-49 pubmed
    ..Electronic supplementary material to this paper can be obtained by using the Springer LINK server located at ..
  31. Griffin B, Schott J, Schink B. Nitrite, an electron donor for anoxygenic photosynthesis. Science. 2007;316:1870 pubmed
    ..This work demonstrates nitrite as the highest-potential electron donor for anoxygenic photosynthesis known so far. ..
  32. Tian J, Sinskey A, Stubbe J. Detection of intermediates from the polymerization reaction catalyzed by a D302A mutant of class III polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase. Biochemistry. 2005;44:1495-503 pubmed
    ..05 microm) were observed in contrast to the 0.2-0.5 microm granules observed with the wt strain. Use of the D302A synthase has allowed successful interrogation of the initiation and elongation steps catalyzed by the class III synthase...
  33. Martinez Alonso M, Mir J, Gaju N, Esteve I. Morphological and ultrastructural characterization of an unusual purple sulfur bacterium from a marine microbial-mat community. Micron. 2006;37:538-43 pubmed
    ..However, this bacterium differs from known species in this group, particularly in terms of its photosynthetic membrane system and in its light absorption properties. ..
  34. Oda I, Hirata K, Watanabe S, Shibata Y, Kajino T, Fukushima Y, et al. Function of membrane protein in silica nanopores: incorporation of photosynthetic light-harvesting protein LH2 into FSM. J Phys Chem B. 2006;110:1114-20 pubmed
    ..The environment inside the hydrophobic silica nanopores can be a new matrix for the membrane proteins to reveal their functions. The silica-membrane protein adduct will be useful for the construction of new probes and reaction systems. ..
  35. Kobayashi M, Fujioka Y, Mori T, Terashima M, Suzuki H, Shimada Y, et al. Reconstitution of photosynthetic reaction centers and core antenna-reaction center complexes in liposomes and their thermal stability. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2005;69:1130-6 pubmed
    ..The thermal denaturation showed a second-order reaction dependence on time. The interaction of the pigments with proteins and/or lipids might be the cause of the second-order reaction profile. ..
  36. Anil Kumar P, Srinivas T, Thiel V, Tank M, Sasikala C, Ramana C, et al. Thiohalocapsa marina sp. nov., from an Indian marine aquaculture pond. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:2333-8 pubmed publisher
    ..nov., with the type strain JA142T (=JCM 14780T=DSM 19078T). ..
  37. Bagchi A. Structural insight into the mode of interactions of SoxL from Allochromatium vinosum in the global sulfur oxidation cycle. Mol Biol Rep. 2012;39:10243-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Strong positive fields created by the SoxZ and SoxL proteins are found to be responsible for the binding and removal of the sulfur anion. The probable biochemical mechanism of sulfur anion oxidation process has been identified. ..
  38. Hegler F, Posth N, Jiang J, Kappler A. Physiology of phototrophic iron(II)-oxidizing bacteria: implications for modern and ancient environments. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2008;66:250-60 pubmed publisher
    ..This study will improve our ecophysiological understanding of iron cycling in modern environments and will help to evaluate whether phototrophic iron oxidizers may have contributed to the formation of Fe(III) on early earth. ..
  39. Ashikhmin A, Makhneva Z, Bolshakov M, Shastik E, Moskalenko A. Embedding carotenoids of spheroidene-branch biosynthesis into antenna complexes of sulfur photosynthetic bacteria. Dokl Biochem Biophys. 2016;468:176-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The energy transfer efficiency from carotenoids to bacteriochlorophyll was shown to depend not only on the type of carotenoid but also on the very structure on the antenna complex. ..
  40. Cammack R, Bagyinka C, Kovacs K. Spectroscopic characterization of the nickel and iron-sulphur clusters of hydrogenase from the purple photosynthetic bacterium Thiocapsa roseopersicina. 1. Electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Eur J Biochem. 1989;182:357-62 pubmed
    ..These results establish that metal centres in the hydrogenase from T. roseopersicina are closely similar to those of the well-studied hydrogenase from Chromatium vinosum. ..
  41. Peduzzi S, Storelli N, Welsh A, Peduzzi R, Hahn D, Perret X, et al. Candidatus "Thiodictyon syntrophicum", sp. nov., a new purple sulfur bacterium isolated from the chemocline of Lake Cadagno forming aggregates and specific associations with Desulfocapsa sp. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2012;35:139-44 pubmed publisher
    ..This isolate is therefore proposed and described as Candidatus "Thiodictyon syntrophicum" sp. nov., a provisionally novel species within the genus Thiodictyon...
  42. Radniecki T, Ely R. Zinc chloride inhibition of Nitrosococcus mobilis. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2008;99:1085-95 pubmed
    ..The qPCR results showed general agreement with the shotgun DNA microarray results for metH, UbiA, recG and RuBisCO, and revealed that AMO and HAO expression levels were maintained or modestly up-regulated during ZnCl2 inhibition...
  43. Baek K, Jeon C. Rheinheimera gaetbuli sp. nov., a Marine Bacterium Isolated from a Tidal Flat. Curr Microbiol. 2016;72:344-50 pubmed publisher
    ..rRNA gene sequences showed that strain H26(T) formed a phyletic lineage within the genus Rheinheimera, family Chromatiaceae. Strain H26(T) was most closely related to Rheinheimera baltica OSBAC1(T), Rheinheimera aestuarii H29(T), ..
  44. Sucharita K, Shiva Kumar E, Sasikala C, Panda B, Takaichi S, Ramana C. Marichromatium fluminis sp. nov., a slightly alkaliphilic, phototrophic gammaproteobacterium isolated from river sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2010;60:1103-7 pubmed publisher
    ..nov., to accommodate it. The type strain is JA418(T) (=KCTC 5717(T) =NBRC 105221(T))...
  45. Stepanenko I, Kompanetz V, Makhneva Z, Chekalin S, Moskalenko A, Razjivin A. Two-photon excitation spectroscopy of carotenoid-containing and carotenoid-depleted LH2 complexes from purple bacteria. J Phys Chem B. 2009;113:11720-3 pubmed publisher
    ..We consider obtained experimental data to be evidence of direct two-photon excitation of bacteriochlorophyll excitonic states in this spectral region...
  46. Liang Y, Wu X, Gan L, Xu H, Hu Z, Long M. Increased biological hydrogen production by deletion of hydrogen-uptake system in photosynthetic bacteria. Microbiol Res. 2009;164:674-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The result suggests that the disruption of MBH could greatly improve the hydrogen production in the cells by decreasing the hydrogen uptake...
  47. Srinivas T, Anil Kumar P, Sucharitha K, Sasikala C, Ramana C. Allochromatium phaeobacterium sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:750-3 pubmed publisher
    ..nov.; the type strain is JA144(T) (=JCM 14796(T)=DSM 19781(T))...
  48. Li H, Zhang X, Zhang Y, Zhou M, Gao Z, Chen X, et al. Rheinheimera nanhaiensis sp. nov., isolated from marine sediments, and emended description of the genus Rheinheimera Brettar et al. 2002 emend. Merchant et al. 2007. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:1016-22 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is E407-8(T) (?=?CCTCC AB 209089(T) ?=?KACC 14030(T)). An emended description of the genus Rheinheimera Brettar et al. 2002 emend. Merchant et al. 2007 is also proposed...
  49. Van Driessche G, Devreese B, Fitch J, Meyer T, Cusanovich M, Van Beeumen J. GHP, a new c-type green heme protein from Halochromatium salexigens and other proteobacteria. FEBS J. 2006;273:2801-11 pubmed
    ..These genes, coding for an RNAse, a protease/chaperone, a GTPase, and pterin-4a-carbinolamine dehydratase, appear to be functionally related to stress response and are linked in at least 10 species...
  50. Mori Y, Purdy K, Oakley B, Kondo R. Comprehensive detection of phototrophic sulfur bacteria using PCR primers that target reverse dissimilatory sulfite reductase gene. Microbes Environ. 2010;25:190-6 pubmed
    ..This newly developed PCR assay targeting dsrA is rapid and simple for the detection of phototrophic sulfur bacteria in situ and superior to the use of culture-dependent techniques...
  51. Permentier H, Neerken S, Overmann J, Amesz J. A bacteriochlorophyll a antenna complex from purple bacteria absorbing at 963 nm. Biochemistry. 2001;40:5573-8 pubmed
    ..As in other species, no back-transfer from the reaction center to the antenna was observed. Our results show that strain 970 is a unique subject for the study of antenna and reaction center function and organization...
  52. Yang F, Yu L, Wang P, Ai X, Wang Z, Zhang J. Effects of aggregation on the excitation dynamics of LH2 from Thermochromatium tepidum in aqueous phase and in chromatophores. J Phys Chem B. 2011;115:7906-13 pubmed publisher
    ..These results are helpful in understanding the light-harvesting function of a bacterial photosynthetic membrane incorporating different types of antenna complexes...
  53. Thiemann B, Imhoff J. Occurrence and purification of the photoactive yellow protein of Ectothiorhodospira halophila (PYP) and of immunologically related proteins of Rhodospirillum salexigens and Chromatium salexigens and intracellular localization of PYP. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1995;1253:181-8 pubmed
    ..4 and 19 kDa, respectively) cross-reacted to approx. 6% and 4%. Analyses of cell fractions of E. halophila revealed that PYP is a cytoplasmic protein...
  54. Yoon J, Bae S, Park S, Kang S, Oh T. Rheinheimera aquimaris sp. nov., isolated from seawater of the East Sea in Korea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:1386-90 pubmed
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is SW-353(T) (=KCTC 12840(T)=JCM 14331(T))...
  55. Hubas C, Jesus B, Passarelli C, Jeanthon C. Tools providing new insight into coastal anoxygenic purple bacterial mats: review and perspectives. Res Microbiol. 2011;162:858-68 pubmed publisher
    ..We hereby report the main discoveries due to introduction of these powerful techniques and we point out the potential insight to be gained from the study of anoxygenic purple bacterial mats...
  56. Jia K, Cao R, Hua D, Li P. Study of Class I and Class III Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) Synthases with Substrates Containing a Modified Side Chain. Biomacromolecules. 2016;17:1477-85 pubmed publisher
  57. Suarez C, Ratering S, Geissler Plaum R, Schnell S. Rheinheimera hassiensis sp. nov. and Rheinheimera muenzenbergensis sp. nov., two species from the rhizosphere of Hordeum secalinum. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014;64:1202-9 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. (type strain E48(T)?=?LMG 27268(T)?=?KACC 17070(T)) and Rheinheimera muenzenbergensis sp. nov. (type strain E49(T)?=?LMG 27269(T)?=?KACC 17071(T)) are proposed. ..
  58. Zhong Z, Liu Y, Liu L, Wang F, Zhou Y, Liu Z. Rheinheimera tuosuensis sp. nov., isolated from a saline lake. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014;64:1142-8 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is TS-T4(T) (?=?CGMCC 1.12461(T)?=?JCM 19264(T)). ..
  59. Kimura Y, Yu L, Hirano Y, Suzuki H, Wang Z. Calcium ions are required for the enhanced thermal stability of the light-harvesting-reaction center core complex from thermophilic purple sulfur bacterium Thermochromatium tepidum. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:93-9 pubmed publisher
  60. Fathir I, Mori T, Nogi T, Kobayashi M, Miki K, Nozawa T. Structure of the H subunit of the photosynthetic reaction center from the thermophilic purple sulfur bacterium, Thermochromatium tepidum Implications for the specific binding of the lipid molecule to the membrane protein complex. Eur J Biochem. 2001;268:2652-7 pubmed
    ..The above comparison has suggested the existence of a lipid-binding site on the molecular surface at which a lipid molecule can interact with the RC in a specific manner...
  61. Bergmann D, Hooper A, Klotz M. Structure and sequence conservation of hao cluster genes of autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria: evidence for their evolutionary history. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71:5371-82 pubmed
    ..The conservation of the hao gene cluster in general and the uniqueness of the c(554) gene in particular make it a suitable target for the design of primers and probes useful for molecular ecology approaches to detect aAOB...
  62. Tsuihiji H, Yamazaki Y, Kamikubo H, Imamoto Y, Kataoka M. Cloning and characterization of nif structural and regulatory genes in the purple sulfur bacterium, Halorhodospira halophila. J Biosci Bioeng. 2006;101:263-70 pubmed
    ..All of these Nif proteins of H. halophila possess an excess of acidic residues, which acts as a salt-resistant mechanism...
  63. Herbert R, Gall A, Maoka T, Cogdell R, Robert B, Takaichi S, et al. Phototrophic purple sulfur bacteria as heat engines in the South Andros Black Hole. Photosynth Res. 2008;95:261-8 pubmed
  64. Takeda K, Kusumoto K, Hirano Y, Miki K. Detailed assessment of X-ray induced structural perturbation in a crystalline state protein. J Struct Biol. 2010;169:135-44 pubmed publisher
    ..There was no influence on the crystallographic statistics, such as the relative B factors, during the course of data collection. The electron densities for hydrogen atoms were more clear despite the slightly lower resolution...
  65. Inoue H, Wakai S, Nishihara H, Sambongi Y. Heterologous synthesis of cytochrome c' by Escherichia coli is not dependent on the System I cytochrome c biogenesis machinery. FEBS J. 2011;278:2341-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Unlike Ambler's class I general cytochromes c, the synthesis of PHCP is not dependent on the System I machinery and exhibits similarity to that of E. coli periplasmic cytochrome b(562), a 106-residue four-helix bundle...
  66. Long M, Liu J, Chen Z, Bleijlevens B, Roseboom W, Albracht S. Characterization of a HoxEFUYH type of [NiFe] hydrogenase from Allochromatium vinosum and some EPR and IR properties of the hydrogenase module. J Biol Inorg Chem. 2007;12:62-78 pubmed
    ..Its activity was sensitive to carbon monoxide. No EPR signals from a light-sensitive Ni(a)-C* state could be observed. This study presents the first IR spectroscopic data on the HoxYH module of a HoxEFUYH type of [NiFe] hydrogenase...
  67. Kompantseva E, Briantseva I, Komova A, Namsaraev B. [The structure of phototrophic communities of soda lakes of the southeastern Transbaikal region]. Mikrobiologiia. 2007;76:243-52 pubmed
    ..Purple sulfur bacteria of the families Ectothiorhodospiraceae and Chromatiaceae were predominant...
  68. Lunina O, Briantseva I, Akimov V, Rusanov I, Barinova E, Lysenko A, et al. [Anoxygenic phototrophic bacterial community of Lake Shira (Khakassia)]. Mikrobiologiia. 2007;76:533-44 pubmed
    ..9% similarity, strain ShRb02), Rhodomicrobium vannieli (of 99.7% similarity, strain ShRmc01), and green sulfur bacteria, phylogenetically close to Chlorobium limicola (of 98.7% similarity, strain ShCl03)...
  69. Anil Kumar P, Sasi Jyothsna T, Srinivas T, Sasikala C, Ramana C, Imhoff J. Two novel species of marine phototrophic Gammaproteobacteria: Thiorhodococcus bheemlicus sp. nov. and Thiorhodococcus kakinadensis sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:2458-61 pubmed
    ..nov. are proposed. The type strains of T. bheemlicus sp. nov. and T. kakinadensis sp. nov. are JA132T (=MTCC 8120T=ATCC BAA-1362T=JCM 14149T=DSM 18805T) and JA130T (=ATCC BAA-1353T=DSM 18858T=JCM 14150T), respectively...
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    ..We conclude that the conserved twin-arginine motif does not form a structure by itself or as a result of intramolecular interactions...
  72. Leger C, Dementin S, Bertrand P, Rousset M, Guigliarelli B. Inhibition and aerobic inactivation kinetics of Desulfovibrio fructosovorans NiFe hydrogenase studied by protein film voltammetry. J Am Chem Soc. 2004;126:12162-72 pubmed
    ..This experimental approach could be used to study the reaction of other multicentered metalloenzymes with their gaseous substrates or inhibitors...
  73. Herbert R, Ranchou Peyruse A, Duran R, Guyoneaud R, Schwabe S. Characterization of purple sulfur bacteria from the South Andros Black Hole cave system: highlights taxonomic problems for ecological studies among the genera Allochromatium and Thiocapsa. Environ Microbiol. 2005;7:1260-8 pubmed
    ..sulfur bacteria present in samples collected from this layer have been identified as belonging to the family Chromatiaceae. One isolate (BH-1), pink coloured, is non-motile, non-gas vacuolated, 2-3 microm in diameter and surrounded ..
  74. Tank M, Blümel M, Imhoff J. Communities of purple sulfur bacteria in a Baltic Sea coastal lagoon analyzed by puf LM gene libraries and the impact of temperature and NaCl concentration in experimental enrichment cultures. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2011;78:428-38 pubmed publisher
    ..A dramatic shift occurred at elevated temperatures of 41 and 44°C when M arichromatium gracile became most prominent which was not detected at lower temperatures...
  75. Meyer T, Cusanovich M, Tollin G. Transient proton uptake and release is associated with the photocycle of the photoactive yellow protein from the purple phototrophic bacterium Ectothiorhodospira halophila. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1993;306:515-7 pubmed
    ..On the basis of the crystal structure of PYP, we propose that this basic residue is lysine 111...
  76. Ogata H, Kellers P, Lubitz W. The crystal structure of the [NiFe] hydrogenase from the photosynthetic bacterium Allochromatium vinosum: characterization of the oxidized enzyme (Ni-A state). J Mol Biol. 2010;402:428-44 pubmed publisher
    ..This finding of a modified proximal cluster in the [NiFe] hydrogenase might explain the observation of split EPR signals that are occasionally detected in the oxidized state of membrane-bound [NiFe] hydrogenases as from A. vinosum...
  77. Saridakis E, Giastas P, Efthymiou G, Thoma V, Moulis J, Kyritsis P, et al. Insight into the protein and solvent contributions to the reduction potentials of [4Fe-4S]2+/+ clusters: crystal structures of the Allochromatium vinosum ferredoxin variants C57A and V13G and the homologous Escherichia coli ferredoxin. J Biol Inorg Chem. 2009;14:783-99 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings provide insight into the significant effects of subtle structural differences of the protein and solvent environment around the clusters of [4Fe-4S] ferredoxins on their electrochemical properties...
  78. McGarvey J, Miller W, Lathrop J, Silva C, Bullard G. Induction of purple sulfur bacterial growth in dairy wastewater lagoons by circulation. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2009;49:427-33 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine whether circulation of dairy wastewater induces the growth of phototrophic purple sulfur bacteria (PSB)...
  79. Ashikhmin A, Makhneva Z, Bolshakov M, Moskalenko A. Incorporation of spheroidene and spheroidenone into light-harvesting complexes from purple sulfur bacteria. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2017;170:99-107 pubmed publisher
    ..sphaeroides. A significant increase in thermostability observed for the LH2:sph and LH2:sph-ne complexes with respect to the LH2 DPA-complexes indicated that the two incorporated Cars stabilized the structure of the LH2 complexes. ..
  80. Serrano W, Amann R, Rossello Mora R, Herbert R, Fischer U. The genus Allochromatium (Chromatiales Chromatiaceae) revisited: a study on its intragenic structure based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) and DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH). Syst Appl Microbiol. 2011;34:590-4 pubmed publisher
  81. Welte C, Hafner S, Krätzer C, Quentmeier A, Friedrich C, Dahl C. Interaction between Sox proteins of two physiologically distinct bacteria and a new protein involved in thiosulfate oxidation. FEBS Lett. 2009;583:1281-6 pubmed publisher
    ..vinosum SoxL, a rhodanese-like protein encoded immediately downstream of soxXAK, appears to play an important role in recycling SoxYZ as it increases thiosulfate depletion velocity in vitro without increasing the electron yield...
  82. Chen W, Lin C, Young C, Sheu S. Rheinheimera aquatica sp. nov., an antimicrobial activity producing bacterium isolated from freshwater culture pond. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;20:1386-92 pubmed
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is GR5(T) (= BCRC 80081(T) = LMG 25379(T))...
  83. Kyndt J, Meyer T, Cusanovich M. Photoactive yellow protein, bacteriophytochrome, and sensory rhodopsin in purple phototrophic bacteria. Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2004;3:519-30 pubmed
    ..Thus, the structural and photochemical characterization of PYP, utilizing site-directed mutagenesis, provides insights into the mechanism of signal transduction...
  84. Koper T, El Sheikh A, Norton J, Klotz M. Urease-encoding genes in ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:2342-8 pubmed
    ..These gene sequences are the first publicly available for ure genes from autotrophic AOB...
  85. Hegler F, Schmidt C, Schwarz H, Kappler A. Does a low-pH microenvironment around phototrophic Fe(II) -oxidizing bacteria prevent cell encrustation by Fe(III) minerals?. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2010;74:592-600 pubmed publisher
    ..The results from this study therefore suggest that the establishment of a low cell surface pH could provide a mechanism for photoferrotrophs to successfully prevent Fe(III) mineral precipitation on the cell surface...
  86. El Sheikh A, Poret Peterson A, Klotz M. Characterization of two new genes, amoR and amoD, in the amo operon of the marine ammonia oxidizer Nitrosococcus oceani ATCC 19707. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:312-8 pubmed
    ..The two additional genes, orf1 and orf5, were introduced as amoR and amoD, respectively. Putative functions of the AmoR and AmoD proteins are discussed...
  87. Bosshard P, Stettler R, Bachofen R. Seasonal and spatial community dynamics in the meromictic Lake Cadagno. Arch Microbiol. 2000;174:168-74 pubmed specific for the domain Bacteria (Escherichia coli positions 8-536) and another specific for the family Chromatiaceae (E. coli positions 8-1005)...
  88. Gorlenko V, Briantseva I, Panteleeva E, Turova T, Kolganova T, Makhneva Z, et al. [Ectothiorhodosinus mongolicum gen. nov., sp. nov.,--a new purple sulfur bacterium from soda lake in Mongolia]. Mikrobiologiia. 2004;73:80-8 pubmed
    ..Based on the phenotypic and genetic characteristics, the new purple sulfurbacterium was assigned to a new species of a new genus of the family Ectothiorhodospiraceae, Ectothiorhodosinus mongolicum gen. nov., sp. nov...
  89. Franz B, Balkundi S, Dahl C, Lvov Y, Prange A. Layer-by-layer nano-encapsulation of microbes: controlled cell surface modification and investigation of substrate uptake in bacteria. Macromol Biosci. 2010;10:164-72 pubmed publisher
    ..However, increasing layers slowed or inhibited the uptake of sulfide and elemental sulfur. This work demonstrates how defining surface properties of bacteria has potential for microbiological and biotechnological applications...