Summary: A family of marine, gram-negative PROTEOBACTERIA including the genera ALTEROMONAS; Colwellia; Idiomarina; MARINOBACTER; MORITELLA; PSEUDOALTEROMONAS; and SHEWANELLA.

Top Publications

  1. Guo B, Chen X, Sun C, Zhou B, Zhang Y. Gene cloning, expression and characterization of a new cold-active and salt-tolerant endo-beta-1,4-xylanase from marine Glaciecola mesophila KMM 241. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;84:1107-15 pubmed publisher
    ..It efficiently hydrolyzes xylo-oligosaccharides and xylan into xylobiose and xylotriose without producing xylose, suggesting its potential in xylo-oligosaccharides production...
  2. Mata J, Bejar V, Bressollier P, Tallon R, Urdaci M, Quesada E, et al. Characterization of exopolysaccharides produced by three moderately halophilic bacteria belonging to the family Alteromonadaceae. J Appl Microbiol. 2008;105:521-8 pubmed publisher
    ..the exopolysaccharides (EPSs) produced by three novel moderately halophilic species belonging to the family Alteromonadaceae to optimize EPS yields, characterize their physical and chemical properties and evaluate possible ..
  3. Urios L, Intertaglia L, Lesongeur F, Lebaron P. Haliea salexigens gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the Gammaproteobacteria from the Mediterranean Sea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:1233-7 pubmed publisher
    ..of the 16S rRNA gene sequence placed the strain in the class Gammaproteobacteria and within the family Alteromonadaceae. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons and physiological and biochemical characteristics, this ..
  4. Borriss M, Helmke E, Hanschke R, Schweder T. Isolation and characterization of marine psychrophilic phage-host systems from Arctic sea ice. Extremophiles. 2003;7:377-84 pubmed
    ..Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) examinations revealed that the bacteriophages belonged to the tailed, double-stranded DNA phage families Siphoviridae and Myoviridae. All three phages were host-specific...
  5. Ko J, Jung M, Kim K, Choi I. Optimal production of a novel endo-acting beta-1,4-xylanase cloned from Saccharophagus degradans 2-40 into Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). N Biotechnol. 2009;26:157-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, enzyme production conducted using a fermentor with a working volume of 1.5-l resulted in slightly higher specific activities of xylanase when compared with the generation of enzymes in flasks with a working volume of 100ml...
  6. Ekborg N, Taylor L, Longmire A, Henrissat B, Weiner R, Hutcheson S. Genomic and proteomic analyses of the agarolytic system expressed by Saccharophagus degradans 2-40. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:3396-405 pubmed
  7. Howard M, Ekborg N, Taylor L, Hutcheson S, Weiner R. Identification and analysis of polyserine linker domains in prokaryotic proteins with emphasis on the marine bacterium Microbulbifer degradans. Protein Sci. 2004;13:1422-5 pubmed
    ..We discuss the notion that PSLs are flexible, disordered spacer regions that enhance substrate accessibility...
  8. Ekborg N, Gonzalez J, Howard M, Taylor L, Hutcheson S, Weiner R. Saccharophagus degradans gen. nov., sp. nov., a versatile marine degrader of complex polysaccharides. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55:1545-9 pubmed
    ..The three genera of complex polysaccharide-degrading, marine bacteria now encompass 20 strains from diverse marine niches...
  9. Allers E, Gomez Consarnau L, Pinhassi J, Gasol J, Simek K, Pernthaler J. Response of Alteromonadaceae and Rhodobacteriaceae to glucose and phosphorus manipulation in marine mesocosms. Environ Microbiol. 2007;9:2417-29 pubmed
    ..An initial bloom of bacteria affiliated to the Alteromonadaceae could not be assigned to any specific treatment and was interpreted as a response to the manipulations during ..

More Information


  1. Urios L, Intertaglia L, Lesongeur F, Lebaron P. Haliea rubra sp. nov., a member of the Gammaproteobacteria from the Mediterranean Sea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:1188-92 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is CM41_15a(T) (=DSM 19751(T)=CIP 109758(T)=MOLA 104(T))...
  2. Lucena T, Pascual J, Garay E, Arahal D, Macián M, Pujalte M. Haliea mediterranea sp. nov., a marine gammaproteobacterium. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2010;60:1844-8 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is 7SM29T (=CECT 7447T =DSM 21924T)...
  3. Shin M, Lee D, Skogerson K, Wohlgemuth G, Choi I, Fiehn O, et al. Global metabolic profiling of plant cell wall polysaccharide degradation by Saccharophagus degradans. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2010;105:477-88 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrates that the gas chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry-based global metabolomics are useful for understanding microbial metabolism and evaluating its fermentation characteristics...
  4. Colangelo Lillis J, Deming J. Genomic analysis of cold-active Colwelliaphage 9A and psychrophilic phage-host interactions. Extremophiles. 2013;17:99-114 pubmed publisher
  5. Howard M, Ekborg N, Taylor L, Weiner R, Hutcheson S. Genomic analysis and initial characterization of the chitinolytic system of Microbulbifer degradans strain 2-40. J Bacteriol. 2003;185:3352-60 pubmed
    ..Further examination of this system may provide additional insight into the mechanisms by which marine bacteria degrade chitin and provide a basis for future research on the ICP-degrading systems of strain 2-40...
  6. Zheng H, Guo B, Chen X, Fan S, Zhang Y. Improvement of the quality of wheat bread by addition of glycoside hydrolase family 10 xylanases. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011;90:509-15 pubmed publisher
    ..These results show that these two GH 10 xylanases have unique advantages in improving dough and bread quality and indicate their potential in bread making...
  7. Weiner R, Taylor L, Henrissat B, Hauser L, Land M, Coutinho P, et al. Complete genome sequence of the complex carbohydrate-degrading marine bacterium, Saccharophagus degradans strain 2-40 T. PLoS Genet. 2008;4:e1000087 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first sequenced genome of a marine bacterium that can degrade plant cell walls, an important component of the carbon cycle that is not well-characterized in the marine environment...
  8. Shin M, Lee D, Wohlgemuth G, Choi I, Fiehn O, Kim K. Global metabolite profiling of agarose degradation by Saccharophagus degradans 2-40. N Biotechnol. 2010;27:156-68 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of polysaccharides such as agarose or cellulose led to the increased abundances of amino acids and intermediates of nucleotide biosynthesis...
  9. González García Y, Nungaray J, Cordova J, González Reynoso O, Koller M, Atlic A, et al. Biosynthesis and characterization of polyhydroxyalkanoates in the polysaccharide-degrading marine bacterium Saccharophagus degradans ATCC 43961. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2008;35:629-33 pubmed publisher
    ..2+/-2.7% of dry cell weight, 54.2+/-0.6 kDa, 37.4+/-6.0 degrees C, 165.6+/-5.5 degrees C and 59.6+/-2.2 J g(-1), respectively. This work is the first report determining the capacity of S. degradans to synthesize PHAs...
  10. Kim H, Lee S, Lee D, Kim H, Bang W, Kim K, et al. Overexpression and molecular characterization of Aga50D from Saccharophagus degradans 2-40: an exo-type beta-agarase producing neoagarobiose. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;86:227-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The optimum pH and temperature for the activity were 7.0 and 30 degrees C, respectively. The K (m) and V (max) for agarose were 41.9 mg/ml (4.2 mM) and 17.9 U/mg, respectively...
  11. Romanenko L, Zhukova N, Rohde M, Lysenko A, Mikhailov V, Stackebrandt E. Glaciecola mesophila sp. nov., a novel marine agar-digesting bacterium. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2003;53:647-51 pubmed
    ..On the basis of phenotypic and physiological characteristics as well as phylogenetic analysis, the isolates should be assigned to a novel species, Glaciecola mesophila sp. nov. The type strain is strain KMM 241(T) (=DSM 15026(T))...
  12. Vincent F, Molin D, Weiner R, Bourne Y, Henrissat B. Structure of a polyisoprenoid binding domain from Saccharophagus degradans implicated in plant cell wall breakdown. FEBS Lett. 2010;584:1577-84 pubmed publisher
    ..This unprecedented association coupling oxidoreduction and carbohydrate recognition events may have implications for effective nutrient uptake in the marine environment...
  13. Watson B, Zhang H, Longmire A, Moon Y, Hutcheson S. Processive endoglucanases mediate degradation of cellulose by Saccharophagus degradans. J Bacteriol. 2009;191:5697-705 pubmed publisher
  14. Scheps D, Honda Malca S, Richter S, Marisch K, Nestl B, Hauer B. Synthesis of ?-hydroxy dodecanoic acid based on an engineered CYP153A fusion construct. Microb Biotechnol. 2013;6:694-707 pubmed publisher
  15. Ko H, Park E, Song J, Yang T, Lee H, Kim K, et al. Functional cell surface display and controlled secretion of diverse Agarolytic enzymes by Escherichia coli with a novel ligation-independent cloning vector based on the autotransporter YfaL. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:3051-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The maximum level of the displayed protein was 6.1 × 10(4) molecules per a single cell, which corresponds to 5.6% of the entire cell surface of actively growing E. coli. ..
  16. Quévrain E, Domart Coulon I, Pernice M, Bourguet Kondracki M. Novel natural parabens produced by a Microbulbifer bacterium in its calcareous sponge host Leuconia nivea. Environ Microbiol. 2009;11:1527-39 pubmed publisher
    ..Co-detection in the sponge host of both paraben metabolites and Microbulbifer sp. L4-n2 indicates, for the first time, production of natural parabens in a sponge host, which may have an ecological role as chemical mediators. ..
  17. Jean W, Hsu C, Huang S, Chen J, Lin S, Su M, et al. Reclassification of [Glaciecola] lipolytica and [Aestuariibacter] litoralis in Aliiglaciecola gen. nov., as Aliiglaciecola lipolytica comb. nov. and Aliiglaciecola litoralis comb. nov., respectively. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2013;63:2859-64 pubmed publisher
    ..8-43.0 mol% vs 48.0-54.0 mol%). ..
  18. Yong J, Park S, Kim H, Rhee S. Glaciecola agarilytica sp. nov., an agar-digesting marine bacterium from the East Sea, Korea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:951-3 pubmed
    ..mesophila and G. polaris. On the basis of polyphasic evidence, it is proposed that strain NO2(T) (=KCTC 12755(T)=LMG 23762(T)) represents the type strain of a novel species, Glaciecola agarilytica sp. nov. ..
  19. Yoneta M, Sahara T, Nitta K, Takada Y. Characterization of chimeric isocitrate dehydrogenases of a mesophilic nitrogen-fixing bacterium, Azotobacter vinelandii, and a psychrophilic bacterium, Colwellia maris. Curr Microbiol. 2004;48:383-8 pubmed
    ..maris. Furthermore, the C-terminal region of the C. maris IDH-II was suggested to be responsible for its psychrophilic characteristics. ..
  20. Shi X, Yu M, Yan S, Dong S, Zhang X. Genome sequence of the thermostable-agarase-producing marine bacterium Catenovulum agarivorans YM01(T), which reveals the presence of a series of agarase-encoding genes. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:5484 pubmed publisher
    ..36 Mb and harbors approximately 4,913 genes, including 15 agarase (2 ?-agarase and 13 ?-agarase)-encoding genes, which will provide references to functional characterization of various agarases from marine bacteria. ..
  21. Shi M, DU W, Wang C, Chen G, Du Z. Catenovulum sediminis sp. nov., isolated from coastal sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:3894-3898 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is D2T (=KCTC 42869T=MCCC 1H00129T). An emended description of the genus Catenovulum is also provided. ..
  22. Zhang D, Huo Y, Xu X, Wu Y, Wang C, Xu X, et al. Microbulbifer marinus sp. nov. and Microbulbifer yueqingensis sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2012;62:505-10 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. and Microbulbifer yueqingensis sp. nov. are proposed; the type strains are Y215(T) (=CGMCC 1.10657(T)=JCM 17211(T)) and Y226(T) (=CGMCC 1.10658(T)=JCM 17212(T)), respectively. ..
  23. Tarhriz V, Nematzadeh G, Zununi Vahed S, Hejazi M, Hejazi M. Alishewanella tabrizica sp. nov., isolated from Qurugol Lake. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2012;62:1986-91 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is RCRI4(T) (?=?LMG 26473(T)?=?JCM 17275(T)?=?KCTC 23723(T)). ..
  24. Choi D, Jang G, Lapidus A, Copeland A, Reddy T, Mukherjee S, et al. Draft genome sequence of Marinobacterium rhizophilum CL-YJ9T (DSM 18822T), isolated from the rhizosphere of the coastal tidal-flat plant Suaeda japonica. Stand Genomic Sci. 2017;12:65 pubmed publisher
    The genus Marinobacterium belongs to the family Alteromonadaceae within the class Gammaproteobacteria and was reported in 1997. Currently the genus Marinobacterium contains 16 species...
  25. Huston A, Haeggstrom J, Feller G. Cold adaptation of enzymes: structural, kinetic and microcalorimetric characterizations of an aminopeptidase from the Arctic psychrophile Colwellia psychrerythraea and of human leukotriene A(4) hydrolase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008;1784:1865-72 pubmed publisher
    ..On the other hand, the reduction in enthalpy-driven interactions is the primary determinant of the weak conformational stability. ..
  26. Han J, Ling S, Yu W, Chen G, Du Z. Marinobacter salexigens sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:4595-4600 pubmed publisher
    ..rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain HJR7T belongs to the genus Marinobacter in the family Alteromonadaceae. The most closely related species were Marinobacter aromaticivorans (97...
  27. Vandieken V, Pester M, Finke N, Hyun J, Friedrich M, Loy A, et al. Three manganese oxide-rich marine sediments harbor similar communities of acetate-oxidizing manganese-reducing bacteria. ISME J. 2012;6:2078-90 pubmed publisher
  28. Martin S, Marquez M, Sanchez Porro C, Mellado E, Arahal D, Ventosa A. Marinobacter lipolyticus sp. nov., a novel moderate halophile with lipolytic activity. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2003;53:1383-7 pubmed
    ..nov. The type strain of the novel species is SM19(T) (=DSM 15157(T)=NCIMB 13907(T)=CIP 107627(T)=CCM 7048(T)). ..
  29. Jung H, Kim K, Hyoung J, Han M, Kim H, Lee K, et al. Preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis of the breakage-reunion domain of the GyrA subunit of DNA gyrase from Colwellia psychrerythraea strain 34H. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2010;66:439-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The crystal belonged to space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 98.98, b = 101.56, c = 141.83 A. The asymmetric unit contained two molecules, with a corresponding V(M) of 3.18 A(3) Da(-1) and a solvent content of 59.9%. ..
  30. Peng X, Adachi K, Chen C, Kasai H, Kanoh K, Shizuri Y, et al. Discovery of a marine bacterium producing 4-hydroxybenzoate and its alkyl esters, parabens. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:5556-61 pubmed
    ..We also show that the alkyl esters of 4HBA produced by strain A4B-17 were effective in preventing the growth of yeasts, molds, and gram-positive bacteria. ..
  31. Rutter C, Mao Z, Chen R. Periplasmic expression of a Saccharophagus cellodextrinase enables E. coli to ferment cellodextrin. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;97:8129-38 pubmed publisher
    ..The ability of a biocatalyst to use cellodextrin should make it useful in consolidated bioprocessing of cellulose. ..
  32. Liang X, Kaya A, Zhang Y, Le D, Hua D, Gladyshev V. Characterization of methionine oxidation and methionine sulfoxide reduction using methionine-rich cysteine-free proteins. BMC Biochem. 2012;13:21 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data show that MRPs provide a convenient tool for characterization of Met oxidation, MetO reduction and Msr activities, and could be used for various aspects of redox biology involving reversible Met oxidation. ..
  33. Park S, Yoon J. Glaciecola aquimarina sp. nov., a gammaproteobacterium isolated from coastal seawater. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2013;103:1141-8 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is GGW-M5(T) (=KCTC 32108(T) = CCUG 62918(T)). ..
  34. Park S, Lee C, Lee S, Shin S, Kim H, Park H, et al. Crystal structure and functional characterization of an isoaspartyl dipeptidase (CpsIadA) from Colwellia psychrerythraea strain 34H. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181705 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite being isolated from a psychrophilic bacteria, CpsIadA is thermostable probably owing to its octameric structure. This is the first conclusive description of the structure and properties of a Type I IadA. ..
  35. Miyazaki M, Nogi Y, Ohta Y, Hatada Y, Fujiwara Y, Ito S, et al. Microbulbifer agarilyticus sp. nov. and Microbulbifer thermotolerans sp. nov., agar-degrading bacteria isolated from deep-sea sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:1128-33 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. (type strain JAMB A3T =JCM 14708T =DSM 19200T) and Microbulbifer thermotolerans sp. nov. (type strain JAMB A94T =JCM 14709T =DSM 19189T) are proposed. ..
  36. Choi Y, Kwon Y, Ye B, Hyun J, Heo S, Affan A, et al. Draft genome sequence of Marinobacterium stanieri S30, a strain isolated from a coastal lagoon in Chuuk state in Micronesia. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:1260 pubmed publisher
    ..GSFLX 454 pyrosequencing and sequence analysis of the M. stanieri S30 genome generated 4,007 predicted open reading frames (ORFs) that could be candidate genes for producing enzymes with different catalytic functions. ..
  37. Baik K, Park Y, Seong C, Kim E, Bae K, Chun J. Glaciecola nitratireducens sp. nov., isolated from seawater. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:2185-8 pubmed
    ..The name Glaciecola nitratireducens sp. nov. is therefore proposed, with strain FR1064(T) (=KCTC 12276(T)=JCM 12485(T)) as the type strain. ..
  38. Lee D, Jeon M, Lee S. Cloning, expression, and characterization of a glycoside hydrolase family 118 beta-agarase from Agarivorans sp. JA-1. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;22:1692-7 pubmed
    ..The enzyme hydrolyzed agarose to yield neoagarooctaose as the main product. This enzyme could be useful for industrial production of functional neoagarooligosaccharides. ..
  39. Wang Q, Hou Y, Xu Z, Miao J, Li G. Optimization of cold-active protease production by the psychrophilic bacterium Colwellia sp. NJ341 with response surface methodology. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:1926-31 pubmed
    ..21 U/mL) were determined as casein 5.18 g/L, citrate sodium 3.84 g/L, temperature 7.96 degrees C, Tween-80 0.23 g/L. Protease production obtained experimentally coincident with the predicted value and the model was proven to be adequate. ..
  40. Klippel B, Lochner A, Bruce D, Davenport K, Detter C, Goodwin L, et al. Complete genome sequence of the marine cellulose- and xylan-degrading bacterium Glaciecola sp. strain 4H-3-7+YE-5. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:4547-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The complete genome sequence of Glaciecola sp. 4H-3-7+YE-5 revealed several genes encoding putatively novel glycoside hydrolases, offering a high potential for plant biomass degradation. ..
  41. Suzuki K, Takada Y. Characterization of NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase isozymes from a psychrophilic bacterium, Colwellia psychrerythraea strain 34H. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2016;80:1492-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of colony formation of E. coli transformants carrying the respective IDH genes and IDH activities in their crude extracts indicated that the expression of the IDH-IIa gene is cold-inducible in the E. coli cells. ..
  42. Wang L, Lai Q, Fu Y, Chen H, Wang W, Wang J, et al. Idiomarina xiamenensis sp. nov., isolated from surface seawater, and proposal to transfer Pseudidiomarina aestuarii to the genus Idiomarina as Idiomarina aestuarii comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:969-73 pubmed publisher
    ..We also propose the transfer of Pseudidiomarina aestuarii, described recently, to the genus Idiomarina as Idiomarina aestuarii comb. nov. (type strain KYW314(T) ?=?KCTC 22740(T) ?=?JCM 16344(T)). ..
  43. Kim S, Park S, Yoon D, Park B, Choi B, Lee D, et al. Marinobacterium maritimum sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from Arctic sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:3030-4 pubmed publisher
    ..georgiense JCM 21667(T). On the basis of evidence from this polyphasic study, it is proposed that strain AR11(T) (=KCTC 22254(T)=JCM 15134(T)) represents the type strain of a novel species, Marinobacterium maritimum sp. nov...
  44. Hutcheson S, Zhang H, Suvorov M. Carbohydrase systems of Saccharophagus degradans degrading marine complex polysaccharides. Mar Drugs. 2011;9:645-65 pubmed publisher
  45. Chiu H, Rogozin D, Huang S, Degermendzhy A, Shieh W, Tang S. Aliidiomarina shirensis sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from Shira Lake in Khakasia, southern Siberia, and a proposal to transfer Idiomarina maris to the genus Aliidiomarina. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014;64:1334-9 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is herein proposed for it. The type strain is AIS(T) (?=?JCM 17761(T)?=?BCRC 80327(T)). Based on its fatty acid profile and our phylogenetic analysis, we propose that Idiomarina maris be transferred to the genus Aliidiomarina. ..
  46. Yi H, Bae K, Chun J. Aestuariibacter salexigens gen. nov., sp. nov. and Aestuariibacter halophilus sp. nov., isolated from tidal flat sediment, and emended description of Alteromonas macleodii. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:571-6 pubmed
    ..demonstrated that strains JC2042(T) and JC2043(T) formed a distinct monophyletic clade within the family Alteromonadaceae and clustered distantly with the genera Alteromonas and Glaciecola...
  47. Baba A, Miyazaki M, Nagahama T, Nogi Y. Microbulbifer chitinilyticus sp. nov. and Microbulbifer okinawensis sp. nov., chitin-degrading bacteria isolated from mangrove forests. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:2215-20 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. (type strain, ABABA212(T)?=?JCM 16148(T)?=?NCIMB 14577(T)) and Microbulbifer okinawensis sp. nov. (type strain, ABABA23(T)?=?JCM 16147(T)?=?NCIMB 14576(T); reference strain, ABABA211) are proposed...
  48. Yoon J, Kang S, Jung Y, Oh T. Marinimicrobium locisalis sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern, and emended description of the genus Marinimicrobium. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:2260-3 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is ISL-43T (=KCTC 22484T=CCUG 56757T)...
  49. Casillo A, Ziaco M, Lindner B, Parrilli E, Schwudke D, Holgado A, et al. Unusual Lipid?A from a Cold-Adapted Bacterium: Detailed Structural Characterization. Chembiochem. 2017;18:1845-1854 pubmed publisher
    ..Biological-activity assays indicated that C.?psychrerythraea 34H lipid?A did not show an agonistic or antagonistic effect upon testing in human macrophages...
  50. Marquez M, Ventosa A. Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus Gauthier et al. 1992 and Marinobacter aquaeolei Nguyen et al. 1999 are heterotypic synonyms. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55:1349-51 pubmed
    ..hydrocarbonoclasticus, the first described species, is the earlier synonym and M. aquaeolei is the later synonym...
  51. Yoshie S, Ogawa T, Makino H, Hirosawa H, Tsuneda S, Hirata A. Characteristics of bacteria showing high denitrification activity in saline wastewater. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2006;42:277-83 pubmed
    ..The characteristics of bacterial strains isolated from the denitrification system, where an improvement of denitrification efficiency was observed at a high salinity were investigated...
  52. Kurihara T, Takada Y. Analysis of the amino acid residues involved in the thermal properties of the monomeric isocitrate dehydrogenases of the psychrophilic bacterium Colwellia maris and the mesophilic bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2012;76:2242-8 pubmed
  53. Kim J, Lee S, Jung J, Jeon C. Marinobacterium lutimaris sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2010;60:1828-31 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is AN9T (=KACC 13703T =DSM 22012T)...
  54. Hirano H, Yoshida T, Fuse H, Endo T, Habe H, Nojiri H, et al. Marinobacterium sp. strain DMS-S1 uses dimethyl sulphide as a sulphur source after light-dependent transformation by excreted flavins. Environ Microbiol. 2003;5:503-9 pubmed
    ..This is the first report that bacteria can use light to assimilate oceanic organic sulphur compounds outside the cells by excreting flavins as photosensitizers...
  55. Dunsmore B, Youldon J, Thrasher D, Vance I. Effects of nitrate treatment on a mixed species, oil field microbial biofilm. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006;33:454-62 pubmed
  56. Kwon S, Kim B, Weon H, Baek Y, Koo B, Go S. Idiomarina homiensis sp. nov., isolated from seashore sand in Korea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:2229-33 pubmed
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is PO-M2(T) (=KACC 11514(T)=DSM 17923(T))...
  57. Zhang D, Yu Y, Chen B, Wang H, Liu H, Dong X, et al. Glaciecola psychrophila sp. nov., a novel psychrophilic bacterium isolated from the Arctic. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:2867-9 pubmed
    ..The type strain is 170(T) (=CGMCC 1.6130(T)=JCM 13954(T))...
  58. Gorshkova N, Ivanova E, Sergeev A, Zhukova N, Alexeeva Y, Wright J, et al. Marinobacter excellens sp. nov., isolated from sediments of the Sea of Japan. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2003;53:2073-8 pubmed
    ..The name Marinobacter excellens sp. nov. is proposed for this species, with the type strain KMM 3809(T) (=CIP 107686(T))...
  59. Di Tullio A, Caputi L, Malatesta F, Reale S, De Angelis F. Characterization of a novel microperoxidase from Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. J Mass Spectrom. 2005;40:325-30 pubmed
    ..Once submitted to the ESI source potential, MMP-5 showed an interesting tendency for the reduction of the iron protoporphyrin substructure. This behaviour was clearly evidenced by the mass shift exhibited by the reduced form...
  60. Vandieken V, Thamdrup B. Identification of acetate-oxidizing bacteria in a coastal marine surface sediment by RNA-stable isotope probing in anoxic slurries and intact cores. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2013;84:373-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study further highlights some of the biases that are associated with the use of RNA-SIP as well as slurry and intact core incubations...
  61. Kasuya K, Takano T, Tezuka Y, Hsieh W, Mitomo H, Doi Y. Cloning, expression and characterization of a poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) depolymerase from Marinobacter sp. NK-1. Int J Biol Macromol. 2003;33:221-6 pubmed
    ..In addition, binding tests revealed that the SBDs are specifically bound not to eP(3HB) but dP(3HB). These suggest that the SBDs play a crucial role in the enzymatic hydrolysis of dP(3HB) that is a solid substrate...
  62. Jung J, Choi S, Chun J, Park W. Genome sequence of pectin-degrading Alishewanella aestuarii strain B11(T), isolated from tidal flat sediment. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:5476 pubmed publisher
    ..A. aestuarii is known to degrade pectin, an important component of plant cell wall. The presence of the genes related to pectin metabolism in this strain indicates its capability to utilize pectin...
  63. Fu L, Li D, Wu C, Zheng T. [Effects of algicidal bacterium BS03 (Microbulbifer sp.) on the growth and antioxidant systems of Alexandrium tamarense]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2012;52:784-90 pubmed
    ..on photosynthetic characteristics, antioxident enzyme system and cysteine-dependent aspartate specific protease-3 (Caspase-3) of Alexandrium tamarense...
  64. Lin B, Lu G, Zheng Y, Xie W, Li S, Hu Z. Gene cloning, expression and characterization of a neoagarotetraose-producing ?-agarase from the marine bacterium Agarivorans sp. HZ105. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;28:1691-7 pubmed publisher
    ..9 mg ml(-1), 235 U mg(-1), 401 s(-1) and 6.8 × 10(5) M(-1) s(-1), respectively. Agarase rHZ2 could have a potential application in the production of bioactive neoagarotetraose...
  65. Yoon J, Kim H, Kang K, Oh T, Park Y. Transfer of Pseudomonas elongata Humm 1946 to the genus Microbulbifer as Microbulbifer elongatus comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2003;53:1357-61 pubmed
    ..elongata is a species distinct from M. hydrolyticus and M. salipaludis. Therefore, on the basis of these data, P. elongata Humm 1946 should be transferred to the genus Microbulbifer as Microbulbifer elongatus comb. nov...
  66. Alonso Sáez L, Pinhassi J, Pernthaler J, Gasol J. Leucine-to-carbon empirical conversion factor experiments: does bacterial community structure have an influence?. Environ Microbiol. 2010;12:2988-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Gamma-, Alphaproteobacteria and Flavobacteria) were significant, albeit weak, while more specific groups (Alteromonadaceae and Rhodobacteraceae) were not significantly correlated...
  67. Xu Z, Zhang H, Han J, Dunlap C, Rooney A, Mu D, et al. Colwellia agarivorans sp. nov., an agar-digesting marine bacterium isolated from coastal seawater. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:1969-1974 pubmed publisher
    ..On the basis of phylogenetic and phenotypic data, strain QM50T represents a novel species of the genus Colwellia, for which the name Colwellia agarivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is QM50T (=KCTC 52273T=MCCC 1H00143T)...
  68. Zhang Y, Zhang X, Zhao H, Zhou M, Li H, Gao Z, et al. Idiomarina maris sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2012;62:370-5 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is CF12-14(T) (?=?CCTCC AB 208166(T)?=?KACC 13974(T))...
  69. Hatada Y, Mizuno M, Li Z, Ohta Y. Hyper-production and characterization of the ?-carrageenase useful for ?-carrageenan oligosaccharide production from a deep-sea bacterium, Microbulbifer thermotolerans JAMB-A94T, and insight into the unusual catalytic mechanism. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2011;13:411-22 pubmed publisher
    ..We demonstrated that a conserved Glu351 was essential for catalysis; however, this enzyme lacked a catalytic Asp residue, which is generally critical for the catalytic activity of most glycoside hydrolases...
  70. Roh S, Nam Y, Chang H, Kim K, Kim M, Oh H, et al. Alishewanella aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from tidal flat sediment, and emended description of the genus Alishewanella. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:421-4 pubmed publisher
    ..fetalis. Thus, strain B11(T) is proposed as a representative of a novel species, Alishewanella aestuarii sp. nov.; the type strain is B11(T) (=KCTC 22051(T) =DSM 19476(T))...
  71. Chi W, Chang Y, Hong S. Agar degradation by microorganisms and agar-degrading enzymes. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;94:917-30 pubmed publisher
  72. Bian F, Qin Q, Xie B, Shu Y, Zhang X, Yu Y, et al. Complete genome sequence of seawater bacterium Glaciecola nitratireducens FR1064(T). J Bacteriol. 2011;193:7006-7 pubmed publisher 2006. The genome size is about 1.01 to 1.26 Mb smaller than two reported Glaciecola genomes, indicating the gain or loss of large genome segments in the evolution of Glaciecola strains...
  73. Shin M, Lee D, Liu K, Fiehn O, Kim K. Evaluation of sampling and extraction methodologies for the global metabolic profiling of Saccharophagus degradans. Anal Chem. 2010;82:6660-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first evaluation of each step of sample preparation involved in global scale metabolic analysis by GC-TOF MS, which can be used as a model in the preparation of organism-specific samples for metabolome analysis...
  74. Du Z, Lv G, Rooney A, Miao T, Xu Q, Chen G. Agarivorans gilvus sp. nov. isolated from seaweed. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:493-6 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain of Agarivorans gilvus sp. nov. is WH0801(T) (=NRRL B-59247(T) =CGMCC 1.10131(T))...
  75. Bhaskar P, Bhosle N. Bacterial extracellular polymeric substance (EPS): a carrier of heavy metals in the marine food-chain. Environ Int. 2006;32:191-8 pubmed
    ..The labile nature of the bacterial EPS and its ability to bind heavy metals might route the bound metals through the marine food chain, thereby transferring and aiding bioaccumulation of metal pollutants in the higher trophic animals...
  76. Kim M, Roh S, Nam Y, Chang H, Kim K, Jung M, et al. Alishewanella jeotgali sp. nov., isolated from traditional fermented food, and emended description of the genus Alishewanella. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:2313-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we propose that strain MS1T (=KCTC 22429T=JCM 15561T) is assigned to a novel species, Alishewanella jeotgali sp. nov...
  77. Huo Y, Xu X, Cao Y, Wang C, Zhu X, Oren A, et al. Marinobacterium nitratireducens sp. nov. and Marinobacterium sediminicola sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:1173-8 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. (type strain, CN44(T) =CGMCC 1.7286(T) =JCM 15523(T)) and Marinobacterium sediminicola sp. nov. (type strain, CN47(T) =CGMCC 1.7287(T) =JCM 15524(T)) are proposed...
  78. Kolekar Y, Konde P, Markad V, Kulkarni S, Chaudhari A, Kodam K. Effective bioremoval and detoxification of textile dye mixture by Alishewanella sp. KMK6. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;97:881-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The genotoxicity assessment showed that the dye degradation products were non-toxic compared to dye mixture...
  79. Yi H, Bae K, Chun J. Thalassomonas ganghwensis sp. nov., isolated from tidal flat sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:377-80 pubmed
    ..The name Thalassomonas ganghwensis sp. nov. is therefore proposed for the getbol isolate; the type strain is JC2041(T) (=IMSNU 14005(T)=KCTC 12041(T)=DSM 15355(T))...
  80. Li S, Yang X, Bao M, Wu Y, Yu W, Han F. Family 13 carbohydrate-binding module of alginate lyase from Agarivorans sp. L11 enhances its catalytic efficiency and thermostability, and alters its substrate preference and product distribution. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2015;362: pubmed publisher
    ..5% to 64.6% in the total products. This first report of the function of CBM13 in alginate lyase provides new insights into the degradation of alginate by marine microorganisms. ..
  81. Watanabe S, Takada Y. Amino acid residues involved in cold adaptation of isocitrate lyase from a psychrophilic bacterium, Colwellia maris. Microbiology. 2004;150:3393-403 pubmed
    ..maris ICL play important roles in its cold adaptation. Phylogenetic analysis of ICLs from various organisms revealed that the C. maris ICL can be categorized in a novel group, subfamily 3, together with several eubacterial ICLs...
  82. Yoon J, Shin D, Kim I, Kang K, Park Y. Marinobacter litoralis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from sea water from the East Sea in Korea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2003;53:563-8 pubmed
    ..nov. is proposed. As part of this study, the major respiratory lipoquinone of M. hydrocarbonoclasticus and M. aquaeolei was also found to be Q-9...